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M  BIRD'S-EYE  WIEW 


OF  CHICAGO 

O3sn_,"!r  BE 

BY  READING  REGULARLY 


YOU  CANNC'1'  ccn  Tun  ™"^DI  ™c  CAID 

SUCCESSFUl 

UNIVERSITY  OF  ILLINOIS 

WHAT    1  O  L 

LIBRARY 

Y 

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P         Class  Book  Volume 


YOU  CANNC 
BEST  ADVAF 


1     OC\^UI\C    rt    01  1  Urt  1 


UNLESS  YOU  CONSULT  THE 

"WANTS"  OF  THOSE  WHO  ADVERTISE. 

YOU  CANNOT  BE 

IN  THE  SWIM 

UNLESS  YOU  READ 

THE   CHICAGO  TRIBUNE. 


AN  INVITATION 


FROM 


THE  CHICAGO  HERALD 


AND  RESIDENTS  ARE  INVARIABLY 
INTERESTED  IN  SEEING  JUST 

HOW  A  GREAT  NEWSPAPER  is 

MADE,  AND  EVERY  FACILITY  IS 
CORDIALLY  GIVEN  THEM  BY 
THE  "HERALD."  .  .  .  ... 

FOR  DESCRIPTION  OF  THIS,  THE  MODEL  NEWSPAPER 
BUILDING  OF  THE  WORLD,  SEE  PAGE  423.  .  .  . 

ARE  WELCOME  AT  ANY  HOUR 
OF  ANY  DAY  OR  NIGHT,  AND  AS 

WTQ1     POP^    THERE   IS    NEITHER    LOCK    NOR 
V   IwJJ     1  V/1\O    KEY      TQ     JHE      BUILDING,      IT 

NEVER    CAN    BE   CLOSED.    .    . 

FOR  QARpFULLY  EXECUTED  HALF-TONE  PICTURES 
OF  TH£'f  HERALD"  BUILDING,  SEE  INDEX  TO  ILLUS- 
TRATIONS, THIS  VOLUME. 

THE  VISITORS'  GALLERY 

OVERLOOKS  THE  TEN  GREAT  PRESSES  ON  WHICH 
IS  PRINTED  THAT  GREATEST  OF  TWO-CENT  MET- 
ROPOLITAN NEWSPAPERS, 

THE  CHICAGO  HERALD. 


TRAIHS  IH  AMERICA, 


BAL  TIM  ORE  &  OHIO  RAILROAD 


JVew  York,  Philadelphia, 
Baltimore  and 


All  Trains  Vestibuled  from  End  to  End,  and  protected  by  Pullman's  Anti-Telescoping  Appliance, 

including  Baggage  Cars,  Day  Coaches,  Parlor  Cars  and  Sleepers. 
ALL  CARS  HEATED  BY  STEAM  AND  LIGHTED  BY  PINTSCH  CAS. 


THE  BALTIMORE  AND  OHIO  RAILROAD 


Maintains  a  Complete  Service 

of  Vestibuled  Express 

Trains  between 


New  York,  Cincinnati, 
St.  Louis  &  Chicago, 

EQUIPPED  WITH 

PULLMAN 

PALACE  SLEEPING  CARS 

Running  Through  Without  Change. 

ALL  B.  &  0.   TRAINS 

BETWEEN  THE 

EAST  AND  WEST 
RUN  VIA  WASHINGTON. 


\\V  t^**"'  PRINCIPAL   OFFICES  : 

5  211  Washington  Street,  Boston,  Mass.  Cor.  Wood  St.  and  Fifth  Ave.,  Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

415  Broadway,  New  York.  Corner  4th  and  Vine  Streets,  Cincinnati,  O. 

Cor.  9th  and  Chestnut  Sts.,  PhilndPlphia,  Pa 
Cor.  BaltimoreandCalvertfits..  Baltimore,  Md. 
1351  Pennsylvania  Arenue,  Washington,  D,  C. 


T.    ODELL,  GENERAL  MANAGER. 


CHAS 


irk  Street,  Chicago,  111. 
105  Broadway,  St.  Louis,  Mo. 
O.  SCULL,  GENERAL  PASSENGER  AGENT. 


BALTIMORE, 

ii 


For 
New  York, 

Boston, 
Mass. 

Albany,  N.  Y. 
Buffalo,  N.  Y. 

Jamestown, 
N.Y. 

Chautauqua 
Lake,  N.  Y. 

Columbus,  0, 
and  all  other 
points 
on  the 
Erie  Lines. 


ERIE  LINES. 


Chicago  to  the  East. 

Solid  Vestibule  Trains  between 

CHICAGO  AND  NEW  YORK, 

With  Pullman  Sleeping,  Dining  and  Day  Coaches. 

Pullman  Buffet  Sleeping  Cars  to  Boston,  and 

Pullman  Sleeping  Cars  to  Ashland,  Ky.,  via  Columbus,  O., 

EVERY  DAY  IN  THE  YEAR. 

No  Change  of  Cars  on  any  Class  of  Tickets 
to  New  York. 


For  further  information,  call  on  or  address 


A.  M.  WARRELL, 
City  Pass,  and  Ticket  Agt., 

242  Clark  St.,  Chicago. 
D.  I.  ROBERTS, 

Gen'l  Pass.  Agt.,  New  York, 
iii 


F.  W.  BUSKIRK, 

Ass't  General  Passenger  Agent, 
Chicago. 
A.  M.  TUCKER, 
Gen'l  Manager,  Cleveland,  O. 


NEW  ROUTE 

NEW  TRAIN 

ELEGANT 

EQUIPMENT 


VIA  THE 


CENTRAL 

1.  C.  ^^^^  R.R. 

ROUTE. 


SOLID  TRAIN 


(ESTABLISHED    1830.) 


NORTHERN 

Assurance  Company, 

ABERDEEN.  LONDON. 


United  States  Department  Offices: 

BOSTON,  CHICAQO,  CINCINNATI, 

NEW     YORK,  SAN     FRANCISCO. 


Losses  paid  since  organization,       -   $35,000,000 
Losses  paid  in  United  States,          -       6,890,000 


Northwestern  Department : 

\VM.  3D.  CROOKK,   Manager, 

226  La  Salle  Street,  CHICAGO. 

Colorado,  Dakotas,  Illinois,  Iowa,  Kansas,  Michigan.  Minnesota,  Missouri,  Montana, 
Nebraska,  New  Mexico,  Wisconsin',  Wyoming. 


CHICAGO    OFFICE: 

153  LA  SALLE  STRKKT. 

TELEPHONE  1520, 

CHARLES  NELSON  BISHOP,  City  Manager. 


MARSHALLfiaD&G). 

STATE  AND  WASHINGTON  STREETS,  CHICAGO. 


Probably  of  more  importance  to  ladies  than  any  point  of  inter 
est  in  Chicago,  is  the  retail  house  of  MARSHALL  FIELD  &  Co.  Ratec 
as  it  is  among  the  largest  in  the  world,  it  is  by  far  the  most  com- 
plete and  most  handsomely  equipped  in  Chicago,  and  a  shopping 
headquarters  for  the  larger  portion  of  its  residents.  To  stranger! 
a  most  cordial  welcome  is  extended.  Waiting  Rooms,  Chech 
Rooms,  Retiring  Rooms,  and  all  possible  conveniences  are  offered  tc 
those  who  care  to  enjoy  them.  To  patrons  it  has  to  recommend  r 

Large  Stock  of  Dry  Goods,  etc. 
Low  (the  lowest)  Prices, 

and 
Absolute  Trustworthiness. 

vi 


\  WISCONSIN! 
'CENTRAL 

LJNE_S' 

NORTHERN  PACIFIC 

R.VILRCAO  CO. 
S-      LESSEE     -X 


RUN 

Fast  Trains  with  Pullman  Vestibuled 
Drawing  Room  Sleepers.  Dining  Cars 
and  Coaches  of  latest  design,  between 
Chicago  and  Milwaukee  and  St.  Paul 
and  Minneapolis. 

Fast  Trains  with  Pullman  Vestibuled 
Drawing  Room  Sleepers,  Dining  Cars 
and  Coaches  of  latest  design,  between 
Chicago  and  Milwaukee  and  Ashland 
and  Duluth. 

Through  Pullman  Vestibuled 
Drawing  Room  and  Tourist  Sleepers 
via  the  Northern  Pacific  Railroad 
between  Chicago  and  Portland,  Ore. 
and  Tacoma,  Wash. 

Convenient  Trains  to  and  from  East- 
ern, Western,  Northern  and  Central  Wis- 
consin points,  affording  unequalled  service 
to  and  from  Waukesha,  Fond  du  Lac, 
Oshkosh,  Neenah,  Menasha,  Chip- 
pewa  Falls,  Eau  Claire,  Hurley,  Wis., 
and  Ironwood  and  Bessemer,  Mich. 

For  tickets,  sleeping  car  reservations," 
time  tables  and  other  information  apply 
to  Agents  of  the  Line,  or  to  Ticket  Agents 
anywhere  in  the  United  States  or  Canada. 
8.  R.  AINSLIE,  Gen'l  Manager,  -  -  CHICAGO,  ILL 
J.  H.  HANNAFORD,  Gen'l  Traffic  Mgr.,  ST.  I'ADL,  MINN. 
H.  C.  BARLOW,  Traffic  Ipr.,  -  -  -  CHICAGO,  ILL, 
JA8.  C.  POND,  Gen'l  Paw'r  i  Tkt.  Agt. ,  CHICAGO,  ILL 


vil 


RICE  &  WHIT  ACRE  M'F'G  CO., 

Kngines,    Boilers, 

STEAM  PUMPS, 

PULLEYS,  SHAFTING, 

AND  HANGERS, 
AND 

HOT  WATER 
HEATING  APPARATUS. 
47  SOUTH  CANAL  STREET, 

CHICAGO. 

ESTABLISHED    1857. 

J.  B.  CHAMBERS  *  CO., 

CLARK  AND  MADISON  STS. 

IMPORTERS. 

DIAMONDS,   RUBIES,  SAPPHIRES, 

PEARLS,  EMERALDS,  ETC.,  LOOSE,  SET  AND 
MOUNTED  TO  ORDER. 

^,25I^j5LTCHiE*S-    AMERICAN  AND  FOREIGN. 

STERLING  SILVER  SOUVENIR  SPOONS. 

GOLD   AND   SILVER. 


DONOHUE &  HENNEBERRY 

PUBLISHERS, 

PRINTERS  find 

BINDERS. 


4O7  TO 


General  Offices,  ... 

Printing-  Department, 
Bindery,       ----- 
School  Stationery  and  Supplies, 
Publishing  and  Wholesale  Books, 
Subscription  Books       - 


STR&&T. 


6th  Floor. 

Gtli  and  Basement. 

5th,  7th  and  Sth  Floors. 

-  4th  Floor. 
3rd  Floor. 

-  2nd  Floor. 


OUR  FACILITIES  ARE  EQUAL  TO  ANY  EMERGENCY. 

ESTIMATES  CHEERFULLY  FURNISHED  ON  APPLICATION. 


55    U 

2    £ 
H    H 


S  «  .§ 

I  5  § 

U    H    J 
3    £     o7 

"S     l~l      eo     I** 

sMI 

S  •=>  u  S 


S   tn 


H  «e 


c  o  -S 
«  o  S 


.CHICAGO 


THE  MARVELOUS  CITY  OF  THE  WEST 
A  HISTORY,  AN  ENCYCLOPEDIA 

AND 

A  6U1D 

SEOOlsTID 

ILLUSTRATED 

1S33 


WRITTEN   AND  COMPILED  BY 

j. 


\ot  in  the  Arabian  Nights'  Entertainments,  though  bathed  in  all  the  glorious 
colorings  of  Oriental  fancy,  is  there  a  tale  which  surpasses  in 
wonder  the  plain,  unvarnished  history  of  Chicago." 


NATIONAL  BOOK  AND  PICTURE  CO. 

167  AND  169  FIFTH  AVENUK 

CHICAGO 


Entered  according  to  act  of  Congress, 
BY  THE  STANDARD  GUIDE  CO. 

(Joes  J.  FLINN,  President;  W.  S.  SHEPPARD, 

Secretary  and  Treasurer.) 
in  the  Office  of  the  Librarian  of  Congress, 
at  Washington,  D.  C. 


All  Rights  of  Translation  Reserved. 


J.    W.    rf.1-.OR,    PHOTO&BAPHE 


N 

>  TO 

THE  CHILDREN  OF  CHICAGO 
IN  GENERAL, 

AND  TO 

MY    OWN    LITTLE   CHILDREN 
X\  IN    PARTICULAR, 

WHO,    IF   THE    LORD   SPARES   THEM   UNTIL 

THEY     SHALL     HAVE     ATTAINED 
C< 
£  THE  ALLOTTED  SPAN  OF  LIFE, 

WILL    SEE   THIS   CITY 
£  THE   GREATEST   METROPOLIS   ON   THE   GLOBE, 

THIS    VOLUME 
IS    AFFECTIONATELY    DEDICATED 

BY 
THE   COMPILER. 


THIS    BOOK 
IS    DIVIDED  ^NTO    T^IVB    FVA.RTS. 


PART     I.          CHICAGO   AS    IT    WAS. 

PART    IT.  CHICAGO    AS    IT   IS. 

PART   III.  THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA. 

PART   IV.  THE    WORLD'S    COLOMBIAN    EXPOSITION. 

PART    V.  THE    GUIDE. 


LITHOGRAPHING  IN  ALL  ITS  BRANCHES. 


FIRST-CLASS  WORK. 

NO  FANCY  PRICES. 

GIVE  US  A  TRIAL. 


LITHOGRAPHERS 


N.  w.  COR,  DEARBORN  &  HARRISON  STS. 
W.  B.  ORCUTT,  GEN-U  MGR. 


CHICAGO. 


BELDEN  F.  CULVER, 

O^T  COl^Tls^ISSIOiT  IltT 

REAL  ESTATE. 

PROPERTY    Of    NON-RESIDENTS    TAKEN    CHARGE    OF   AND  THEIR    INTER- 
ESTS   PROTECTED. 

CAREFUL      ATTENTION      GIVEN      TO     THE      PAYMENT     OF     TAXCS     AND 
SPECIAL      ASSESSMENTS' 

59   DEARBORN    ST.,   CHICAGO, 


ANDREW  DUNNING, 


92  La  Salle  Street, 


CHICAGO. 


ACRE    TRACTS    in    the   Northwest  Sections  of 
Chicago     for      Subdivision     and     Investment 

eft 

purposes. 

V  * 

IMPROVED     PROPERTY     paying     fixed    income 
on    gold   basis. 

CORRESPONDENCE    SOLICITED. 


MAPS  AND  ILLUSTRATIONS. 


MAPS. 

Showing  the  City  of  Chicago  as  It  Is— Streets,  Boulevards,  Park  System,  Location 
of  World's  Columbian  Exposition,  Important  Points,  Industrial  Centers, 
Annexed  Suburbs,  Outlying  Territory,  Etc.  [Contained  in  "Pocket"  of 
back  cover.] 

Showing  Chicago  Sanitary  Drainage  District P%ge 

Showing  Burned  District  of  Chicago,  After  Great  Fire  of  October,  1871 Page 

Showing  Relative  Position  of  Chicago  with  Regard  to  Other  Principal  Cities  of 
the  World,  facing •  -  •  Page 


108 
400 


309 


ILLUSTRATIONS. 


Facing  Pago. 
Andrews,  A.  H.  &  Co.,  Sales  Rooms. . .  .'48 

Areiid's  Drug  Store 231 

Auburn  Park  Suburb,  View  in 27V 

Auditorium,  The  21 

Berwyn,  Railway  Station  at  ... 136 

Carpenter,  Geo.  B.  &  Co.,  Building. ...    72 
Chicago  has  arisen— Solace  in  Tribu- 
lation.   Frontispice 

Chicago  Opera  House,  Entrance  to. ..  805 
Chicago  Water  Pumping  Stations.  . . .  484 
Dai  y  News,The  Chicago,  Composition 

and  Press  Rooms 400 

Dale  &  Sempill's,  Interior  View  157 

Douglas  Monument  497 

Drexel  Fountain,  Washington  Park..  4."itl 

Eggleston  Suburb,  View  in  2M 

Ely.  The  Edward   C-).,  Interior  641 

Germania  Theater  Building .  . .  121 

Goodrich  Line  .Steamer  "Virginia".  .  441 
Gormuliy  &  Jeffery  Mfg.  Co.'s  Works.  208 

Grand  Central  Passenger  Station 469 

Grand  Opera  House,  interior  View. ..  3(14 

Grant  Locomotive  Works 104 

Grant  Statue,  Lincoln  Park 29 

Herald  Building 228 

Herald  Building,  Interior 236 

Hooley's  Theater,  Interior 149 

Indian  Group,  Lincoln  Park 57 

Inter-Ocean  Building 144 

Journal  and  Stock  Exchange  B'ld'gs..  433 
Keeley  Institute,  Business  Office,  Inte- 
rior      528 

Keeley  Institute,  Laboratory  &  Office 

Building    177 

Keeley  Institute,  Laboratory  Waiting 

Room    . .  241 

Keeley  Institute,  Taking  the  Treat- 
ment  328 

Keeley  Institute,  Waiting  for  the  Train  405 

KimballHall 505 

Kimball,  W.  W.  Co.,  Works  of 533 

Kimbark,  S.  D.  &  Co.'s  Building 313 


Facing  Pajre. 

La  Sal  le  Statue 85 

Libby  Prison  Museum 285 

Marshall  Field  &  Co.'s  Retail  House. . .  272 

Masonic  Temple 113 

McCormick  Harvesting  Machine  Co.'s 

Works 336 

Me  Vicker's  Theater,  Interior 06 

Michigan  Avenue  Block,  A 377 

Milwaukee  A  venue  State  BankB'ld'g.  520 
New  York  Mutual  Life  Ins.  Co.,  Chi- 
cago Office,  Interior 4*3 

Prairie  Avenue,  View  on  464 

Pullman,  Administration  Building  at.  264 

Pullman  Building 100 

Pullman,  Boulevard  in 4l»2 

Pullman,  Corliss  Engine  House  and 

Water  Tower  at  172 

Pullman,  Presbyterian  Church  at 569 

Relic  House,  near  Lincoln  Park 213 

Richardson,  M.  A .  &  Co 5.iO 

Ritchie,  W.  C.  &  Co.'s  Building  892 

Roseland  Suburb,  Bird's-eye  View  of..  428 
Sawyer  -  Goodman  Co.'s  Receiving 

Docks  249 

Scandia  Hall 4^7 

Siegel  Cooper  &  Co.'s  Establishment. .  420 

Skandinaven  Building  300 

Smyth,  The  John  M.  Building 349 

State  Street,  Looking  North  from 

Madison 584 

St.  Joseph's  Hospital 341 

St.  Vincent's  Infant  Asylum 80 

Temple,  The lf"> 

Tribune  Building 44 

Union  National  Bank,  Interior 108 

Union  Stock  Yards,  The  Exchange....  292 

Wellington  Hotel 93 

Wells-Fargo  Express  Office,  Interior.  49 
World's  Columbian  Exposition, 

Administration  Building 356 

World's  Columbian  Exposition,Bird's- 

eye  View  17 


ADVERTISERS  IN  THIS  BOOK. 


(For  Buyers'  Guide  Directory,  see  Adveitising  Pages  II,  III,  IV  and  V,  back  of  book.) 


FRONT  OF  BOOK. 

PAGE 

Baltimore  &  Ohio  Railroad  ii 

Chambers,  J.  B.  &  Co  viii 

Culver,B.  F.  R'l  Est  ,opplnd  Book  Div. 
Dunning,  A.  (>i>|>.  I  n:l.  to  Maps  and  III. 
Duiming,And'w,R'l  Est.In.Opp.Gen  Ind 

Erie  Lines iii 

Field,  Marshall  &  Co  vi 

Herald,  The  Chicago i 

Illinois  Central  Railroad  iv 

Northern  Assurance  Company v 

Orcutt  Co.  The.  tith  opp.  this  page. 
Prabody,  Houghtelling  &  Co.  Inv.,  f.  p. 
Rice  &  whittacre  Manufacturing  Co.  ..viii 
Tribune,  The  Chicago.  Ins.  front  cover 

Wisconsin  Central  Lines,  The vi 

BACK  OF  BOOK. 

PAGE 

American  Trust  &  Savings  Bank,  The ii 

Andrews,  A.  H.  &  Co.,  F.  Beds  (card)    . .  iii 

Andrews,  A    H.  &  Co xxix 

'  Andrews,  Johnson  &  Co.,  Venti'ators * 

Art  Institute.  Art  Galleries  and  Schools. .  .ii 
Artingstall,  Samuel  G.,  Civil  Engineer.  ..iii 
Athenaeum,  Chi.,  "The  People's  College," 
Inside  of  back  cover 

Bank  of  Commerce ii 

Bent,  George  B Inside  of  back  cover 

Bogue  &  Co.,  Real  Estate  Agency x 

Brentdho'a,  Publishers,  Booksellers,  etc..iy 
Carpenter,  G.  B.  &  Co.,  Blocks  &  Pulleys.. ii 
Carpenter,  Geo.  B.  &  Co.,  Ship-Ch'd's  etc.iv 
Carpenter,  Geo.  B.  &  Co.,  Twines  &  Cord. . y 
Chicago  Cost.  &  Decorating  Co.,  Cost's.. iii 

C.,  M.&St.  P.  Railway xv 

Chicago  Rawhide  Mfg.  Co.,  The il 

Christy  &  Co.,  Engravers,  etc v 

Christian  Science  Pub.  Co.,  Pub iy 

Clarke,  B.  F.,  Morgan  Park  Property.,  .xxi 
Colliau,  Victor,  Hot  Blast  Cupola,  Dct.xx.i 
Columbia  Rubber  Works  Co.,  The  It.  G...iy 

Columbian  National  Bank ii 

Commercial  National  Bank ii 

Continental  National  Bank ..ii 

Dale  &  t'empill.  Chemists  &  Phar xxii 

Dayton,  Poole  &  Brown,  Patent 'A  tt'ys. .  .iy 
Dibblee,  The  Henry  Co.,  Ceramics  —  xxxiii 

Diinl'i'i',  J.  £  Co.,  Wood  Carpets,  etc y 

Dunlap,  11.  &  Co.,  Hats,  Caps  and  Furs. .  .iii 
Economist,  FiiiHii.  and  Com.  Weekly  Rev..i 

Edwards,  H.  J.  &  Son,  Carriages iii 

Eggk'Mon,  Mallette  &  Brownell,  R.  ES..XXVJ 
Electric  Merch'ise  Co.,  Elec.  R.  Supplies. .iii 

Everingham,  L.  &  Co.,  Grain  Com iji 

First  National  Bank  of  Chicago ii 

Fletcher,  D.  H.,  Patent  Lawyer iy 

Forsyth,  Jacob,  Whiting,  Ind.  (Map)...xvii 

Forsyth,  Jacob,  Whiting,  Ind xv'j! 

Fowler's  Expert  Opticians vii 

Garrison  M.,  Wood  Turnings v 

Giles  Bros.  &  Co . ,  Jewelers iy 

Goodrich  Trans.  Co.,  ''Goodrich  Line"..vi 

Gormully  &  Jeffery  Mfg.  Co vi 

Greenebaum  Sons,  Bankers xxv 


HACK  OF  BOOK.— Cont. 

PAGE. 

G  regg  Electric  Cure  Co  xxx 

Guarantee  Co.  of  North  America iii 

Gust  Knecht Mfg.  Co.,  Barbers' Supplies,  .ii 

fiutta  Pereha  Rubber  Mfg.  Co iv 

Hair,  J.  A.  &S.G.,  Real  Est.  and  Loans..xxx 

Hallowell  C.  H.  &  Co.,  Sign  Painters iv 

Hanson,  C.  H.,  Stencil  and  Stamp  Goods. . .  v 

Harris,  N.  W.  &  Co.,  Bankers ii 

Heuer,  Aug.  &  Sons,  Upholstery  Goods. . .  \ 

Hibernian  Banking  Association ii 

Hills,  Edwin  E.,  Mineral  Waters iv 

Illinois  Terra  Cotta  Lumber  Co i  i 

Jennings  Trust  Company,  The ii 

Kirstner  &  Co.,  Chus.,  Arch,  and  Eng..xxxii 
Koiii,  Kdson  &  i  o..  Wholesale  Milliners. ..x 
Kemper,  Alfred  C..  Steam  Pipe  Covering,  v 

Kiniball,  Geo.  F.,  Plate  Glass iv 

Knapp  \-  Stolkird,  Wholesale  Furniture. .  .v 
Kurt/.  BCOS.&  BuhrerLt  Gr.Ir'n  Cast  \sxxxi 

Lyons,  .las.  I.,  Art.  Limbs ii 

Magee  Fu rn .  Co . Furnaces  and  Ranges. . .  iii 

Maxwell.  S.  A.  &  Co.,  Wall  Paper v 

Merrick  Thread  Co.  Spool  Cotton  Mfrs  .v 
Mil.Ave.State  Bk.&  Safe  Dcp't  Vaults  xxiv 
Moore,  E.  IJ.  &('.>.,  Wood  ( 'arpets,  etc  . . . .  v 

Murray  &  Co.,  Tents,  Awnings,  etc v 

Murray  &  Co.,  Signs  of  all  Descriptions  .  .iv 

Murray  &  Co.,  Awnings,  Tents,  etc ii 

Mutual  Life  lng.Co.of  N.Y.,Ill.Gen. Agcy.ix 

N.-W.  Line,  The  C.  &  N.-W.  Ry.Co xiv 

Peabody,  Houghtelling  &  Co.,  Inv.  (card)iii 

Peacock,  C.  D.,  Jeweler iii 

Peacock,  E.  P.,  Metal  Articles .  iv 

Phenix  Lumber  Co.,  Milwaukee,  Wis..xxx 
Pjoneer  Buggy  Co.,  Columbus,  O —  xx  vii 
Plankinton  House,  Mil.,  A.  L.  Chase,  M.xix 

Post,  The  Chicago  Evening — xii 

Pratt  &  Ely,  Real  Estate  Agents j  i 

Relic  House,  The  Rtlics  of  the  G.  F. . .  xx  xi 
Rice  &  Whitacre  Mfg.  Co.,  Boilers  (card) .  ji 
l(ire\-  Whittacre  Mfg. Co.,  Engines  (card). iii 

Ritchie,  W.  C.  &  Co  ,  Paper  Boxes viii 

Sawyer,  Goodman  Co.,  Lumber  Mfg xiii 

Sharp  &  SThith,  Surgical  Instruments  ...v 
Shurly  Co.,  The  Watchmakers  &  Jewelers,  v 

Smit  i  Granite  Co.,  The  Monuments iy 

Standard  Guide  to  Chicago,  The xxviii 

Stevens  &  Co., Old  Coins  \-  Post.  Stamps.,  .iy 

Sweet,  Wallach  &  Co.,  Photo.  Goods vii 

Street  R.  R.&  Co.,  Dyestuffs iii 

Tate,  C.  L.,  Artificial  Limbs ii 

Tliavcr&  Jackson,  Stationery  Co v 

Tiffany  Press  Co.,  Pressed  Br:ck iv 

Trine,  Dr.  J.  G.,  Movement  Cure  Inst  ...iy 
Union  Electric  Works,  Electric  App —  iii 

Union  National  Bank  ......     xxiii 

Union  National  Back  of  Chicago,  (card)...ii 
Watson,  George  E.,  &  Co.,  Artists'  Sup —  ii 

Watson,  Little  &  Co.,  Coal iii 

Wolf&  IVriolat  Fur  Co.,  Furriers  ......  iii 

Wood  Bros.,  Com.  Mer.  U  S.  Yards  —  xxi 
Wyckoff,  sw-jmans  &  Benedict x  vi 


Peabody,  Houghteling  &  Co. 

No.  59  DEARBORN  STREET, 

CHICAGO. 


Loans  *P  Investments  on  Real  Estate  Security  exclusively. 


INVESTMENTS. 

CHICAGO  CITY  MORTGAGES  FOR  SALE. 

For  the  convenience  of  investors  we  carry  from  $200,000  to  $500,000  of  choice 
mortgages  at  all  times.  These  loans  are  made  by  us  after  careful  investigation 
of  the  titles,  the  value  of  the  securities  offered  and  responsibility  of  borrowers. 
In  transacting  a  business  of  over  $70,000,000,  no  title  approved  by  us  has  evei 
been  successfully  attacked. 

IN  ANY  AMOUNT. 

These  loans  vary  in  amount  from  $500  to  $50,000,  and  bear  from  5  per  cent, 
to  7  per  cent,  interest,  payable  semi-annually  at  our  office  or  at  such  place  as  investor 
may  elect.  The  standard  rate  on  ordinary  amounts,  say  $3,000  to  $10,000,  being 
6  per  cent.;  smaller  loans,  G%  per  cent,  and  7  per  cent.;  large  loans,  on  excep- 
tionally strong  security,  5  per  cent,  and  5J^  per  cent. 

AT  PAR  AND  ACCRUED   INTEREST. 

These  securities  are  'ready  for  delivery,  and  are  on  sale  at  par  and  accrued 
interest.  No  commission  is  charged  the  buyer,  the  income  named  being  net. 

INVESTORS'  INTERESTS  CARED  FOR  WITHOUT  CHARGE. 

We  collect  all  interest  and  remit  to  any  part  of  the  country  free  of  charge. 
We  see  that  all  insurance  policies  pledged  as  collateral  security  are  renewed  at 
expiration,  and  that  the  investor  is  protected  in  case  of  failure  on  the  part  of  the 
borrower  to  pay  taxes.  In  other  words,  we  act  as  financial  agents  for  the  investor 
without  charge.  Parties  buying  mortgages  securing  building  loans,  where  the 
buildings  are  not  fully  completed,  are  guaranteed  completion  free  of  mechanic's 
liens. 

PRINCIPAL  AND  INTEREST  PAYABLE  IN  GOLD. 


Real  Estate  Investments 


Sviite    23, 

92    La  ,Salle    Street 

CHICAOO. 


IF  you  desire  acre  property  in  Chicago  and  vicinity  for 
SUB-DIVISIONS,  MANUFACTURING  SITES  OR  INVESTMENT 
purposes,  where  prices  have  not  been  "boomed,"  where 
the  land  lies  from  25  to  100  feet  above  the  lake,  and  pos- 
sesses natural  beauties  unequaled  elsewhere  around 
Chicago,  and  where  improvements  n<3t  already  made  are 
being  pushed  in  every  direction,  send  for  list  of  acres  in 
NORTHWEST  sections,  controlled  EXCLUSIVELY  by  me. 

If  you  prefer  improved  property  paying  fixed  income 
on  gold  basis  for  long  term  of  years,  write  me  for  informa- 
tion. 

Correspondence  Solicited.      No  Trouble  to  Answer  Letters. 


GENERAL  INDEX. 


AMUSEMENTS. 

Alhambra  Theater 116 

Auditorium  Theater  — 117 
Battle     of     Gettysburg- 
Panorama 120 

Casino 123 

Central  Music  Hall 120 

Character     of    Chicago 

.Theaters 116 

Chicago  Opera  House.  ..121 

Chicago  Theaters 116 

Chiekering  Music  Hall.  .123 

Columbia  Theater 122 

Concert  Halls,  Circuses, 

etc    .  128 

Criterian  Theater 122 

Epstean's  New  Dime  Mu- 
seum  122 

Freiburg's  Opera  House.122 

German  Theater 123 

Grand  Opera  House  — 123 
Halsted  Street  Op.  Hse . .  124 

Havlin's  Theater 124 

Haymarket  Theater  . .  .124 
H.  R.  Jacob's  Clark  Street 

Theater 126 

H.  R.  Jacob's  Academy. 125 

Hooley 's  Theater r>5 

Kohl  &  Middleton's  Mu- 
seums   128 

Libby  Prison  Museum.. 126 

Lyceum  Theater 126 

Madison  Street  Theater.  126 

Me Vicker's  Theater 1 27 

New  Windsor  Theater..  127 

Park  Theater 127 

People's  Theater 127 

Standard  Theater 126 

Theater  Buildings 116 

Theatrical  Architecture.116 
Timmerman  Opera  Hse.  127 
Waverly  Theater 128 

ARCHITECTURE. 

Character  of  Buildings  .128 
Cost  of  Steel  Building  .  131 

Inspection  of  Steel 132 

Magnificent  Buildings. . .  128 
Method  of  Construction.  129 

Notable  Examples 130 

Office  Buildings 129 

Steel  Construction 130 

Testing  Steel  Columns..  132 

ART. 

Art  Collections 136 

Art  Institute 133 

Art  Institute  Building.  .134 

Artists  in  Chicago 132 

Art  Museum 133 

Art  School  136 

Art  School,Admission  to  137 


ART— Continued. 

Art  School  Classes 136 

Art  School,  Terms 137 

Permanent  Art  Bldg  ...  133 
Popularity  of  Art  Inst.  .135 

Society  of  Artists 137 

Union  League  Art  Asso- 
ciation  138 

AUDITORIUM  BUILDING. 

Cost  of  Construction 138 

Cost  with  ground 138 

Dimensions 138 

Directory  and  Officers.  .139 

Enclosures   139 

Entrances 139 

History 139 

Investments    140 

Lobby 140 

Location  of 141 

Recital  Hall 141 

The  Auditorium 141 

Views  of  and  from 141 

BANKING  INSTITUT'S-NAT 

America 148 

American  Exchange 143 

Atlas M43 

Chemical 143 

Chicago 143 

Columbia 144 

Commercial 144 

Continental 144 

Drover's 145 

First 145 

First  of  Englewood 146 

Fort  Dearborn 146 

Globe 146 

Hide  and  Leather 146 

Home 147 

Illinois 148 

Lincoln 147 

Live  Stock 148 

Merchants 147 

Metropoltian 147 

Northwestern 149 

Oakland 149 

Prairie  State 149 

Republic 149 

Union 160 

BANKING    INSTITUTIONS  — 
STATE  AND  PRIVATE. 

Adolph  Loeb  &  Bro 150 

American  Trust  and  Sa- 
vings   IfiO 

Avenue  Savings 150 

Bank  of  Commerce 151 

Bank  of  Montreal 151 

Cahn  &  Strauss 151 

Central  Trust  &  Savings .  151 
Charles  Henrotin 151 


BANKING  INSTIT'NS-Con. 

Chicago    Trust   &   Sav- 
ings  151 

Corn  Exchange 151 

Dime  Savings 152 

E.  S.  Dreyer  &  Co 152 

Farmers'  Trust  Co 152 

Foreman  Bros 152 

Globe  Savings 152 

Greenebaum  Sons 152 

Guarantee  Co.  of  N.  A.  .162 
Hibernian  Bank'g  Asso- 
ciation   153 

Illinois  Trust  and  Sav- 
ings  153 

Industrial  Bank  153 

Internationale 154 

Meadowcroft  Bros 154 

Merchants'    Loan     and 

Trust 154 

Milwaukee  Ave.  State.  ..164 

Northern  Trust 155 

Peabody,    Houghtelling 

&Co 155 

Peterson  &  Bay 156 

Prairie  State  Savings 156 

Pullman  Loan  and  Sav- 
ings  156 

Slaughter,  A.  0.&Co.:..16a 

Schaffner  &  Co 157 

Security  Loan  and  Sav- 
ings  157 

State,  of  Chicago 157 

Union  Trust  Company.  157 
Western  Trust  and  Sav- 
ings   157 

CEMETEKIE8. 

Anshe  Maariv 158 

Austro-Hungarian 158 

Beth  Hamedrash 158 

B'nai  Abraham 168 

B'nai  Slalom 158 

Calvary 158 

Chebra  Gemilath 158 

Chebra  Kadisha 153 

Concordia 168 

Congregation  of  N.  S ....  158 

Forest  Home 158 

Free  Sons  of  Israel 159 

German  Lutheran 159 

Graceland     159 

Hebrew  Benevolent If 0 

Moses  Montefiore 160 

Mount  Greenwood 160 

Mount  Hope 160 

Mount  Olive 160 

Mount  Oiivet 160 

Oakwoods 160 

Ohavey  Scholom 160 

Rosehill 160 

Saint  Boniface 161 


11 


GENERAL   INDEX. 


CEMETERIES-Contlnued. 

Binai  Congregation  161 

Waldheim 161 

Zion  Congregation    161 

CHARITIES. 

Am.  Edu.  Aid  Asso 166 

Armour  Mission 167 

Asylums  and  Homes — 161 

Bureau  of  Justice  168 

Chari  table  Societies ...    165 
Charities,  Miscelianeous.165 
Chicago,    Free   Kinder- 
garten Association...  171 
Chicago  Home  for  Crip- 
pled Children 173 

Chicago    Nursery    and 

Half  Orphan  Asylum.  172 
Chicago  Orphan  Asylum. 172 

Chicago  Policlinic 172 

Chicago  Belief  and  Aid 

Society.  ...   ,.. 173 

Church  Home  for  Aged 

Persons 173 

Convalescents'  Home. . .  173 
Daily  News  Fresh  Air 

Fund  169 

Danish  Lutheran's  Or- 
phans' Home 174 

Day  Nurs's  &  Creches 163 

Erring  Woman's  Ref'ge.174 

Foundlings'  Home 175 

Free  Dispensaries 163 

Free  Employment  Bur- 
eaus   163 

Free  Nurses 163 

Ger.  Old  Peoples  Home.  179 
Good   Samaritan  Socie- 
ties   179 

Guardian  Angel  Orphan 

Asylum  1 79 

Hebrew  Charity  Asso. .  .179 

Helping  Hand,  The 179 

Holy    Family    Orphan 

Asylum 180 

Home  for  incurables 180 

Home  for  Self-Support- 
ing Women 181 

Home  for  the  Friendless.!  82 

Home  for  the  Jews 18i 

Home  for  Unemployed 

(iirls    182 

Home    for    Working 

Women 183 

Home  of  Industry 184 

Home  of  Providence 185 

Home  of  the  Aged  186 

Hospitals,  Free  &  Pay  . .  163 
House  of  the  Good  Shep- 
herd   186 

Hull  House 186 

Jewish  Charitable  Asso.  177 
Lake  Geneva  Fresh  Air 

Association 177 

Margaret  Etter  Chreche.186 
Masonic  Orphans'Home.187 
Miscellaneous  Charities.  165 


CHARITIES— Continued. 

Missions.  Charitable 165 

Newsboys'  &  bootblacks' 

Home  187 

Odd  Fellows  Orphans' 

Home 188 

Old  Peoples' Home 188 

Pioneer  Aid  &  Support 

Association  IPO 

Recognized  Charities...  161 
School  for  Deaf  &  Dumb.lW) 
Servite  Sisters  Industrial 

Home  for  Girls 190 

Soldiers'  Home  Fund. . .  .190 
St.  Joseph's  Asylum  for 

Boys 191 

St.  Ji  seph's  Female  Or- 
phan Asylum  191 

St.  Joseph's  Home 191 

St.  Joseph's  Providence 

Orphan  Asylum 192 

St.  Paul's  Home  for 

Newsboys 193 

Training  Schools  for 

Nurses 163 

IJhlich  Evangelical  Or- 
phan Asylum  193 

Waifs'  Mission 193 

Waifs'  Mission,  Training 

School 194 

Young  Ladies'  Charity 

Circle 194 

Young  Men's  Hebrew 

Charity  Association..  194 

CHRISTIAN  ORGANIZATIONS: 

Bible  Institute 195 

Central  W.  C.  T.  U.    of 

Chicago 195 

Chicago  Bible  Society. .  .196 
Christian  Endeavor  Soc.196 
National  W.  C.  T.  U. 

Headquarters  197 

Young  Men's  Christian 

Association 197 

Young  Men's  Christian 

Asso.  (Scandinavian)  ..199 
Young  Woman's  Christ- 
ian Association 199 

CHURCHES. 

Baptist  Churches 202 

Baptist  Missions 203 

Christian  Churches. . . . .  .201 

Churches    in    ante    fire 

days  200 

Churches,  Miscellane- 
ous   209 

Congrfgational  Chs 201 

Episcopal  (Reformed)  ...'.04 
Episcopa  1  (Reformed 

Missionary)   20"« 

Episcopal  Churches  .2U5 
Episcopal  Missions  and 

Chapels 205 

Evangelical  Asso.  of  N. 
A.  (German) 203 


CHUHCHES-ContlnnwI. 
Evangelical  Lut  h  e  r  a  n 

(English  Churches) ...  203 
Evan.  Lutheran  (Dan  )..203 
Evan.  Lutheran  (Ger.). .203 
Evan.  Lutheran  (Norw.)204 
Evan.  Lutheran  (Sepa- 
ratists  204 

Evan.  Lutheran  (Swed.).204 
Evangelical  (United)  . .  204 
Evan.  Lutheran  R  e- 

f ormed  204 

Free  Methodist  Chs  ....  205 
Independent  Churches.  .205 

Jewish  Synagogues SOS 

Location  of  leading  Chs. 200 
Methodist  Episcopal 

Churches 206 

Methodis t  Episcopal 

(African) 208 

Methodist  Episcopal 

(Bohemian) 206 

Methodist  Episcopal 

(German) 206 

Methodist  Episcopal 

(Norwegian) 207 

Methodist  Episcopal 

(Swedish) 207 

Popular  Ministers  and 

Preachers  201 

Presbyterian  Churches  .207 
Presbyter! an  Church 

(United) 208 

Presbyterian  Missions.. 207 
Roman  Catholic  Chs.. . .  208 
Swedenb  orgian(New 

Jerusalem) 209 

Unitarian  Churches  — 209 
Universalist  Churches.. 209 

CITY  GOVERNMENT. 

Aldermen,  Salaries 66 

CityCrk's  Office,  Salaries'  64 
City  Collector,  Salary...  66 
City  Collector's  Office. 

Salaries 64 

City  Fire  Dept.  (See  Fire 

Dept.) 48 

City    Hall    Minor    Em- 
ployes, Salaries 64 

Com.of  Pub.Wks., Salary  66 

Compt.,  Salary 6*5 

Corp.  Coun.,  Salary 66 

Cost  of  City  Gov.  1891 ..  53 
Disbursem't  of  City,  1891  53 

Eleemosynary  Inst 47 

Erring  Woman's  Refuge 

for  Reform 47 

Feed  Officers,  Salaries...  64 

Fire  Dept. .Salaries 64 

Firemen's  Pension  Fund  47 
General  Information, 
(see  "Municipal  Infor- 
mation")   49 

Gen.  Sup. of  Pol., Salary  66 
Health  Dept.,  Salaries  . .  65 
House  of  Good  Shepherd  47 


GENERAL   INDEX 


111 


CITY  GOYERNMENT-Cont'd. 

111.  Humane  Society —  47 
Institutions,  Partly  Sup- 
ported by  City 47 

Law  Dept.,  Salaries 65 

Map  Dept,  Salaries.         65 

Mnyor,  Salary 6« 

Mayor's  Assts.,  Salaries.  66 
Police  Court,  Salaries. . .  65 
Police  Dept.,  Salaries  ..  65 
Pub.W'ks  Deit.,Sal'ries  66 
Police  Pension  Fund —  47 

Pros.  Atty,  Salary 66 

Revenue  of  City  1891 ....  53 
Salaries  of  City  Officers.  «4 
Sew.  Dept.  Salaries.  ...  66 
Spec.  Ass.  Dept. Salaries  60 
Street  Dept.. Salaries  -..66 
Supt.of  City  Tel.,Salary  60 
Supt. of  St. Dept.,  Salary  66 
Tenement  House  and 
Factory  Inspection  . . .  54 

Treasurer's  Salary 6S 

Tel. Dept.  Salaries 66 

Washingtonian  Home  . .  47 

CIT¥  BAILWAY  SERVICE. 

Cable   Lines,   Manage- 
ment of 210 

Calumet  Electriu  Road.  .216 

Carette  Lines 217 

Character  of  Service  —  2 10 
Chicago  City  Ry.  Co.    .  .212 
Chi.  City  Ry.  Co.,  Busi- 
ness of  1891 212 

Chi.  City  Ry.Co.Offlcers.212 
Cicero&  Proviso  t-t  RdCo  217 
Equitable  Trans.  Co.  . .  218 

Increase  in  Traffic 211 

Lake  St.  Elevated  Rd...218 
Mil.  A v.  Elevated  Rd  ..219 

New  Electric  Road 219 

N.  Chicago  St.  Ry.  Co. .  .213 
N.  Chi.  St.  Rd.Co.  Finan- 
cial Condition  of. 213 

N.  Chi.  St  Rd  Co.,Officers  213 
Pay  of  Cable  Employes  .211 
Randolph  St.Elevat'dRd  219 

So.  End  Electric  Ry 219 

So.  Side  Alley  '  L"  Hd. .  .219 

Steam  Rd  Service 211 

Wab.  Av.  Sub-Ky  Tr  Co.220 
W.  Chicago  St.  Kd.  Co.. 214 
W.  Chicago  St  Rd.  Co.. 

Business  of  1891. .  214 

W.  Chi.  St.  Rd  Co.,  Madi- 

soii  St.  Line 214 

W.  Chi.  St.  Rd  Co.,  Mil . 

Av.  Line 215 

W.Chi.  St.RdCo.,Miscel210 
W.Chi.  St.  Rd.Co.,  New 

Cars  and  Extensions. .  .215 
W.  Chi.  St.  Rd.  Co. ,  New 

Tun'l  and  Cable  Serv..215 
W.Chi.St.Rd.Co.,Officers210 
W.  Chi.  St.  Rd.  Co.,  the 
Tunnel  Loop 215 


CLIMATE. 

Average     Rainfall     in 

Chicago 39 

Excessive  Rainfalls 40 

Extremes  of  Heat  and 

Cold 39 

Highest  Mean  Tempera- 
ture   39 

Lowest  Mean  Tempera- 
ture    ...  39 

Maximum  Rainfall 39 

Mean  Annual  Humidity,  39 
Mean  Annual  Precipita- 
tion   39 

Mean  Annual  Tempera- 
ture     39 

Mean  Temperature  1891,  39 
U.  S.  Signal  Office  Re- 
ports   39 

CLUBS— ATHLETIC,  SPOUT- 
ING, ETC. 

Athletic  Club  Houses  .  .220 

Base  Ball  Clubs 2H 

Boat  &  Yacht  Clubs  . . .  .221 
Chicago  Athletic  Asso . .  .222 
Chicago  Curling  Club.    223 
Chicago  Fencing  &  Box- 
ing Club  224 

Cricket  Clubs 224 

Cycling  Clubs 224 

Hand  Ball  Courts .V  225 

Horse  Associations  — 226 
Hunting,  Fishing  &  Gun 

Clubs 221 

Indoor  Base  Ball  Clubs.. 227 

Tennis  Clubs ...228 

Union  Athletic  Club  . .  228 
Western  Asso.  of   Base 
Ball  Clubs 228 

CLUBS-GENTLEMEN'S   AND 
SOCIAL. 

Acacia  Club 228 

Areolus  Club 228 

Apollo  Club 228 

ArgoClub 228 

Ashland  Club 229 

Bankers'  Club 229 

Bi-Chlorideof  Gold  Club 

of  Chicago 229 

Bi-Chloride  of  Gold  Club 

ofDwight 229 

Bi-Chloride  of  Gold  Club 

of  the  World 230 

Bon  Ami  Club  of  Wil- 

mette  230 

Calumet  Club 230 

CarletonClub 231 

Chicago  Club 231 

Chicago  Electric  Club.. 231 
Chicago  Women's  Club. 231 

Church  Club 232 

Clarendon  Club 233 

Commercial  Club 233 


CLUBS— Continued. 

Conference      Club      of 

Evanston 233 

Congregational  Club. . .  2J3 
Cosmopolitan  Club  of 

Evanston 233 

Dearborn  Club...  2*1 

Dinner  Clubs 233 

Douglas  Club 233 

Douglas  Park  Club 234 

Elks  Club 234 

Evanston  Club. .  234 

Evanston  Country  Club.234 

Fellowship  Club 235 

Foreign  Book  Club 235 

FortyCiub 231) 

Fortnightly  Club 235 

Germania  Club  236 

German  Press  Club  ...  236 
Girls'  Mutual  Benefit 

Club 236 

Grant  Club 236 

Hamilton  Club 237 

Harvard  Club 2.>7 

Harvard  University  Clb.237 

Hyde  Park  Club 237 

Ideal  Club 238 

Idlewild  Clb  of  Evanston238 

Illinois  Club 238 

IndianaClub 238 

Irish-American  Club — 239 

IroquisClub 239 

Irving  Club 239 

Ivanhoe  Club  of  South 

Evanston 239 

-John  A.  Logan  Club. .  .239 

Kenwood  Club 239 

Lafayette  Club 240 

LaGrange  Club 240 

Lakeside  Club 240 

La  SalleClub 240 

Lincoln  Club 240 

Lotus  Club 210 

Marquotte  Club 241 

Minneola  Club  241 

MinnetteClub.  241 

Nationalists'  Club 241 

Newsboys'  Club 241 

North  Shore  Club 241 

Oakland  Club 241 

Oaks  of  Austin 24> 

Park  Club  242 

Phoenix  Club  242 

Practitioners'  Club 242 

Press  Club  of  Chicago.. 242 

Ryder  Club 243 

Seven  O'clock  Club 243 

Sheridan  Club 243 

Single  Tax  Club 244 

South  Side  Medical  Club.244 
Southern  So.  of  Chieairo244 

Standard  Club 244 

Stenographers'  Club  —  24) 

Sunset  Club 245 

Union  Club 245 

Union  League  Club  — 246 
University  Club  246 


IV 


GENERAL   INDEX. 


CLUBS—  Continued. 

Union  Veteran  Club  246 
Wah  Nah  Ton  Club  247 

COMMEBCE  OF  CHICAGO. 

Bank  Business,  Compar- 
ative           .                     30 

Washington  Park  Club.  247 
WebsterClub  247 

Bank  Clearances,  Com- 
parative                          30 

Whttechapel  Club  247 
Woman's  Sufferage  Club248 

Bank  Clearances,  1886  to 
1891  30 

Woman's  Club  of  Evan- 
ston        248 

Bank  Clearances  for  1891  30 

Woodlawn  Park  Club  .  .  .248 

Banks,  Clearing  in  Chi- 
cago    30 

CLUBS—  LITEBAUY. 

Barley,     Receipts     and 
Shipments  of  32 

Browning  Clubs    ..      .  249 

Business  of  Chicago  1891  40 

Chicago  Library  Club.  .  .249 
Chicago  Literary  Club.  .249 
Cl'b  Litterairie  Francais.250 

go  from  ia50  to  1891.  .  .    40 
Board   of    Trade    Busi- 
ness 1891.      .           .         32 

111.  Women's  Press  Ass'n.250 
Longfellow  Club  251 

Board  of    Trade    Corn- 

Palette  Club  251 

changes  31 

Papyrus  Club  251 
Press  League  Club  251 
Saracen  Club  252 

Board  of  Trade  Ethics  .31 
Board  of  Trade  Specula- 
tion 1891                            39 

Spanish  Amer'can  Club.  252 
Tuesday  Heading  Club.  .252 

Board  of  Trade  Trans- 
actions        31 

Twentieth  Century  Cl'b.  253 
Women's  Reading  Circle 

Boot  and  Shoe  Trade 
1891  55 

of  South  Evanston  253 
CLUBS—  STATE    SOCIAL  OB- 

Calves,  Receipts  of  1891.  35 
Calves,    Shipments    for 
1891  36 

(JAM/ATIONS. 

Capacity  of  Grain   Ele- 
vators        34 

California  Pioneers  .  .  .   .253 
North  Pacific  Assoc  25,4 
Ohio  Society  of  Chicago.  25*4 
Sons  of  Chicago  265 

Capital  of  Chicago  Bnks  ;i| 
Cattle,  Receipts  of  1891  .  .  35 
Cattle,  Shipinentsof 
1891  36 

Sons  of  Connecticut  255 

ClothingTrade  1891  55 

Sons  of  Delaware  255 

Condition  of  State  and 

Sons  of  Indiana  255 

National  Banks  31 

Sons  of  Louisiana            255 

Corn  Exports  to  Canada  33 

Sons  of  Maine  255 
Sons  of  Massachusetts     256 

Corn,  Receipts  and  Ship- 
ments     ..                         33 

Sons  of  Michigan              256 

Crockery   and  Glass- 

Sons  of  New  York           ;'">(> 

ware  Trade  1891        .  .      55 

Sons  of  Pennsylvania.  .  .256 
Sons  of  Rhode  Island      .257 

Deposits     of      Chicago 
Banks  31 

Sons  of  Vermont  258 
States  Columbian  Asso- 

Drug and  Chemical 
Trade          55 

ciation  258 

Dry  Goods  and  Carpet 

Trade  1891  55 

COMMEBCIAL     EXCHANGES. 

Export  Trade  of  Chicago 
1891  56 

Board  of  Trade  259 

Exports  of   Wheat  and 

Board  of  Trade  Bldg  .  .  259 

Flour       32 

Board  of  Trade  Corn's.  .259 
Board  of  Trade,  Finan- 

Flour,     Receipts      and 
Shipments  of  33 

cial  Condition  of  260 
Board  of  Trade  Ofticers..2&9 

General  Trade  of  Chica- 
go 1891  55 

Builders'  &  Traders'  Ex- 
change                        260 

Grain  and  Produce,  Re- 

Chicago  Amer.  Horse 

1890-91                     ..       ..35 

Exchange    260 

Chicago  Real  Estate  Bd  260 
Chicago  Stock  Ex    261 

Grain  Elevators,  Own- 
ers of      34 

Exchanges,  Miscel  263 
Fruit  Buyers'  Ass'n  261 

Grain  Exports  to  Canada  33 
G  rain,  Inspected  in  34 

COMMEBCE-Contlnaed. 

Grain  Inspection 34 

G  rain  Inspected  Out  —  34 
Grain  Storage  Capacity.  34 

G  rocery  Trade  1891 55 

Hat  and  Cap  Trade  1891.  55 
Hogs  and  Cattle  Slaugh- 
tered in  1890 35 

Hogs  and  Cattle  Slaugh- 
tered in  1891 35 

Hogs,  Receipts  of  18.)!..  ;<."> 
Horses,  Receipts  of  Ib91  85 
Hogs,  Shipments  of  1891.  36 
Horses,  Shi pmentsof 

1891 36 

Import  Trade  1891 50 

Internal  Reven  u  e  R  e- 

ceipts  at  Chicago 41 

Iron  and  Steel  Trade  ...  57 
Jobbing  and  Wholesale 

Business 55 

Jobbing  Business 55 

Live  Stock  Receipts  for 

1890 .36 

Live  Stock  Receipts  1891  35 
Live  f-tockShipments  for 

1S91 36 

Live  Stock  Shipments  of 

1890 36 

Live  Stock  Transactions 

1891  &5 

Lumber  Trade  1891 55 

Lumber  Trade  of  Chgo..  41 
Manufa  cturedlron 

Trade  1891 55 

Manufacturers  of  Chgo 
<.M  '<>  "Mnfrsof  Chicago)  57 

Millinery  Trade  1891 55 

National    Banks,  C  o  n- 

ditionof 31 

National  Banks,Deposits  31 
Oats,  Exports  to  Canada  33 
•  Output  of  Chicago 

Brewers 41 

Produce,  Receipts    and 

Shipments,  1890-91.   ..    37 
Provision  Storage  Ware 

Houses 38 

Railroad  Live  Stock 

Transactions  1891 37 

Rye  Exports  to  Canada.  33 
Rye,  Receipts  and  Ship- 
ments   38 

Savings  Banks,  Deposits  31 
Sheep,  Receipts  of  1891 ..  35 
Sheep,  Shipments  of  1891  36 
Speculation  on  Board  of 

Trade 39 

Speculative  B  u  s  i  n  ess, 

Board  of  Trade 39 

State  Banks,  Deposits. . .  81 
Storage  Warehouses  for 

Provisions 38 

Surplus  of  Chgo.  Banks.  31 
Union  Stock  Yds.  busi- 
ness of  1891 35 

Undivided  Profltsof 
Chicago  Banks.-.-  ...  31 


GENERAL  INDEX. 


COHMERCE-Contlnued. 

Volume  of  Business, 
Board  of  Trade 32 

Volume  of  Chicago's 
Business  1891 40 

Volume  of  Chicago's 
Business  ia50 40 

Warehouses  for  Grain . .  34 

Wheat  and  Flour  Ex- 
ports    32 

Wheat  Exports  to 
Canada —  33 

Wholesale  Business 55 

COUNTY  GOVERNMENT. 

Appropriations  for  1892.  45 
Board  of  Commissioners.  41 
Clerk  of  Criminal  Court, 

Expenses  of ...   .46 

Comptroller's  Office, 

Expenses  of 

Cook  County  Jail 43 

Coroner's  Inquests 42 

Cost  of  County  Officers. .  44 
County  Agent's  Office, 

Expenses  of 46 

County    Appropriations 

1892    45 

County  Attorney,  Ex- 
penses of 46 

County  Board 42 

County  Board  Salaries..  46 
County  Commissioners, 

when  elected 41 

County  Hospital,  Expen- 
ses of 45 

County  Hospital  Salaries  45 
County  Insane  Asylum.  43 
County  Insane  Asylum, 

Expenses  of 43 

County  Insane  Asylum, 

Location  of 43 

County    Institutions   at 

Dunning,  Expenses  of  46 
County  Jail,  Situation  of  43 
County    Physician,    Ex- 
penses   of —  46 

County  Poor  Farm...  .  44 
County  Poor  House, 

Location  of .    44 

County  Supt  of  Schools, 

Expenses   of 46 

County  Tax  Levy,  1892. .  45 
Dentetion  Hosp.ital, 

Expenses  of 46 

Detention    Hospital   for 

the  Insane 44 

Expenses  of  Cook  Co...  44 
Expenses  of  Cook  Co.  in- 

Detail   1893 45 

Hospital,  Detention  for 

Insane 44 

Insane  Asylum,  Expen- 

sesof 46 

Insane  Asylum  of  Cook 

County 43 

Jail,  County,  Location  of  43 


COUNTY  GOY'T— Continued. 

Jail,  Interior  of 43 

Jail,  Murderer's  Row —  44 
Jail,  The  Anarchist  Cells  43 

Jail,  Visitors  to 43 

Judiciary  of  Cook  Co...  46 
Normal  School  Salary 

List 40 

Poor  House,  Expenses  of  46 
Poor  House  of  Cook  Co.  44 
Power  of  Commissioners  41 
Prosecuting  Attorney, 

Expenses  of 46 

Receipts  from  Co.  Offi- 
cers 1892,  Estimated. . .  45 
.  Revenue  of  Cook  Co —  44 
Salaries  of  Commission- 
ers  41 

Salaries  of  County  Em- 
ployees  45 

Sheriff's  Office,  Expen- 
ses of 46 

State's  Attorney,  Expen- 
ses of 46 

Supt.  of  Public  Service, 

Expenses  of. 46 

Supplies  of  Co.  Institu- 
tions, Cost  of 45 

Taxable    Valuation    of 
Cook  Co.  Property...  46 

DETECTIVE  AGENCIES. 

Bonfield  Detect.  Ag'y..  .263 
Bruce  Detective  Ag'y.. 263 
Hartman  Detect.  A«'y.2ti3 
Mooney   &  Boland    De- 
tective Agency 263 

Pinkertqn's       National 

Detective  Agency  .     .263 
Pinkerton's    Protective 

Patrol  ,.264 

Thiel's  Detect.  Service.. 264 

Union  Detect.  Assoc 264 

Veteran's  Police  Patrol. 2C4 

EDUCATIONAL   INSTITU- 
TIONS. 

Allen's  Academy 264 

Amer.  Brewing  Acad  ..295 
Armour  Mission  Train- 
ing school 295 

Baptist     Missionary 

Training    School 295 

Chicago  Athaneum 2G5 

Chicago  Kitchen  Garden 

Assoc 266 

Chicago  Manual  Training 

School 268 

Chicago    Theo  logical 

Seminary 269 

De  La  Salle  Institute. .  .272 

Free  Kindergartens 404 

Glenwood  Training  Sch. 

for  Boys 298 

Hyde  Park  Auxiliary.. 300 
Hyde    Park    Conserva- 
tory  272 


EDUCATIONAL  INST.— Con'd. 

111.  Military  Academy.. 272 
Industrial  Sch .  for  Girls  300 
111.  Sch.  of  Agriculture. 298 
111.  Training  School  tor 

Nurses 296 

Jewish  Training  School.  297 

Josephinum,  The 272 

Kenwood  Institute 27 J 

Kenwood    Physical  Ob- 
servatory   409 

Lake  Forest  University  273 

Lewis  Institute 271 

McCormick  Theological 

Seminary 274 

Morgan    Park     Female 

Seminary  277 

Morgan  Park  Theologi- 
cal Seminary 277 

Northwestern  Oratorical 

League     277 

North  west'n  University  .278 
St.  Ignatius  College..'  :>7 
3  t.  Xavier's  Academy  288 
University  of  Chicago.. 289 

University  School 292 

Western  Theological 

Seminary 293 

Medical  Educational  In- 
stitutions   294 

National    Homeopathic 

College  .  ...    294 

Reformatory  Train  i  n  g 

School ?298 

St.  Mary's  Training  Sch . 

for  Boys 2!>9 

Training  Schools 295 

EXPRESS  COMPANIES. 

Adams  Express 301 

American  Express 301 

Baltimore  &  Ohio  Ex- 
press   301 

Brink's  City  Express.  ...301 
Location  of  Express 

Offices 301 

Northern   Pacific    Ex- 
press  301 

Pacific  Express 301 

United  States  Express.. 301 
Wells,    Fargo    &    Co.'s 
Express 300 

FEDERAL    REPRESENTAT'N. 

U.  S.  Circuit  Judge 47 

U.  S.  Commissioners 47 

U.  S.  Courts  in  Chicago. .  47 

U.  S.  District  Judge 47 

U.  S.  Government  Offi- 
cers in  Chicago  47 

U.S.  Marshall 47 

U.S.  Minor  Officers 47 

U.  S.  Sub-Treasurer 47 

FIRE  DEPARTMENT. 

Area  covered  by  Depart- 
ment  48 


VI 


GENERAL   INDEX. 


HUE  DEP'T— Continued. 

City      Telegraph      and 

Electric  Lights 48 

Efficiency  of 48 

Equipment  and  force..  48 

Fire  Alarms  1891 48 

Fire  Losses  1891 48 

Headquarters    and    Or- 
ganization    48 

Insurance  Patrol 49 

Location  of  Stations —  49 
Marshalis       Benner     & 

Swenie  48 

Officers  of  Department.  48 

Pension  Fund 49 

Standard  of  Discipline..  48 

GENERAL  INFORMATION. 

Abstracts  of  Titles 394 

Academies  (see  "Educa- 
tional Institutions"). .  .264 
Anarchist  Monument.  ..396 

Anarchy  in  Chicago 396 

Annexation 49 

Annual  FatStock  Shows396 
Amusem'ts  (see  "Amuse- 
ments")  116 

Architecture    (see  "Ar- 
chitecture")   128 

Area  of  Chicago 50 

Area  of  Territory   An- 
nexed    50 

Art     in     Chicago     (see 

"Art") 132 

Ashland  Block 396 

Asylums  and  Homes  (se3 

"Charities")    161 

Auditorium  (see  "Audi- 
torium Building")  ...138 
Auditorium  Tower  (see 

"Auditorium  Bldg.")..397 
Banks    (see    "  Banking 

Institutions") 142 

Boards   of     Trade    (see 
"Com.  Exchanges") . .  .259 

Bridewell 51 

Bridges  and  Viaducts...  51 
B'ld'g.  Operations,  since 

1876  105 

Buildings,  1891    L3 

Cable  Lines'  (see  "  City 

Railway  Service  ")....  210 
Calumet  Lake,  Area ....  52 

Calumet   River 52 

Causes  of  Death 52 

Cemeteries  (see  "Ceme- 
teries ") 157 

Center  of  Chicago,  Geo- 
graphical  51 

Charitable  Missions  (see 

"Charities") 165 

Charitable  Societies  (see 

"Charities") 165 

Charities 161 

Chicago  as  a  R .  R.  Center478 
Chicago  Epitomized ...  .397 


GEN'L  INFORHATION-t'on. 

Chicago  River 5'J 

Christian  Organizations  195 
Churches  (see  Churches). 200 
City  Frontage  on  Lake 

Michigan  52 

City  Parks 78 

City  Railways  (see  City 

Railway  Service) 210 

Clubs,  Athletic,  Sport'g.22U 
Clubs,  Gentlemen's  and 

Social 2JS 

Clubs,  Literary 248 

Clubs,  State  Social  Or- 
ganization  253 

Colleges  (see    "  Educa- 
tional Institutions) . .  264 
Commercial  Exchanges 
(see  "  Commercial  Ex- 
changes")   259 

Consulates 397 

Columbus  Building 397 

Cook  County  Hospital 
(see  "Hospitals  and 

Dispensaries  ") 342 

Cook  Comity  Treasury 

Statement  398 

Coroner's  Inquests  1891 .  42 
Coroner's  Inquests,  An- 
alysis of 42 

Crib,  The 398 

Daily      Papers       (see 

"Newspapers  ") 417 

Daniel  O'Connel  Statue. 398 
Day    Nurseries     and 
Chreches  (see  "Chari- 
ties)   163 

Death  Rate 52 

Detective  Agencies  (  ee 
"  Detective  A  g  e  n- 

cies  ") 263 

Diseases  Prevalent 52 

Dispensaries  (see  "  Hos- 
pitals and  dispensa- 
ries")  339 

Distance  of  Chicago 
from  other  principal 

cities 399 

Drainnge  Canal  (see 
"Ship  and  Drainage 

Canal")   107-112 

Drake  Fountain 404 

Education    (see    Public 

Education") DO 

Educational  Institutions 
see  "  Educational  In- 
stitutions")   264 

Elevated  Railways   (*ee 

"City  R'y  Service") .  .210 
Environs  of  Chicago  (see 

"Outlying  Chicago")  .439 
Estimated  Cost  of  City 

Gov't  for  1892 399 

Exchanges,  Commercial 
(see  "Commercial  Ex- 
changes  259 

Express  Companies 300 


GEN'L  INFORMATION-COB. 

Factory  Inspection 54 

Farragut  Monument  —  402 

Fire  of  1871 399 

Fire  of  1874 4(1 

Fire  Relics 401 

Foreign  Coin,  Value  of 

in  U.  S.  Money 403 

Fort  Dearborn 403 

Free   Dispensaries   ( see 

"Charities") 163 

Free    Employment  Bu- 
reaus (see  "Charities")163 
Free   Hospitals    (see 

"Charities") 163 

Free  Kindergartens 404 

Frt  e  Nurses  (see  "Chari- 
ties")       163 

Frontage  of  City  on  Riv- 
ers   52 

Geographical  Centre  of 

Chicago 51 

Goose  Island  4t)4 

Grain  Elevators  (see 

"Great  Industries".  .305 
Grant  Locomot-ive  Wks. 

(see  "Great  Ind'st's")  .306 
Grant  Statue,  Galena  . .  .402 
Grant  Statue,  Lincoln 

Park 405 

Great  Clocks  of  the  City.  405 
Great  Buildings  of  1891  .106 
Great  Buildings  of  Chi- 
cago (see  Part  V) 561 

Great  Industries  of  Chi- 
cago (see  Great  Ind's).302 
Growth  of    Chicago   in 

square  miles 50 

Guide  to  all  Parts  of  (*ee 

Part  V)      561 

Hack  and  Cab  Rates  (see 

Part  V) r6l 

Hay  market  Massacre  . .  .408 

Haymarket  Square 406 

Health  of  City 61 

Hell  Gate  Crossing ....    407 

Hiisch  Monument 407 

Horse  Car  Lines  (see  City 

Railway  Service)  . .  210 
Hospitals  (see  "H  ospitals 

and  Dispensaries") . . .  339 
Hotels  (see  "Hotels")...  352 
House  of  Correction  .  51 

Hyde  Lake,  Area 52 

Illinois    Internal    Reve- 
nue   Payments          . .  407 
Illinois    Steel    Co      (see 

Great  Industries")  3(8 
Indebtedn's  of  Chicago. 408 
Inebriate  Asylums  ...  361 
Interstate  Exposition.  ..408 

J.  V.  Farwell  Co 40fe 

Keeley  Institute o63 

Kenwood  Physical   Ob- 
servatory      409 

Kosciusko  Monument.. 409 
Labor  Temple 409 


GENERAL    INDEX. 


Vll 


GEN'L  INFORMATION-Con. 

Lake  and  Hivcr  FrontVe  "i2 
Lakes    and    Rivers     in 

Chicago 52 

Lake  Transportation  ..53 
heading    Societies    (see 

"Societies") 513 

Lemont  Stone  Quarries 
(see  "Great  Industries")314 
Length  and  Width  of  city  52 

Libraries 380 

Life  Saving  Stations.  ...383 

Light  Houses 3X3 

I  ,ogan  Statue       4C'J 

Longest  Street  in  City..  52 

Market  Squares 410 

Marriage  Licenses,  1891 .  52 
Marriage  Licenses,Anal- 

ysis  of 52 

Mayors  of  Chicago  410 

Meat  Markets 410 

McCorraick  Harv.  Mach. 
Co. (see  Great  Indus.) .  .315 

Michigan  Avenue 410 

Mileage  of  Streets 5:5 

Military  (see  "Military"):** 
Military  Companies  (see 

"Military" 384 

Milk  Supply  of  Chicago. 41 1 

Monuments 411 

Morgue  53 

Nat'n'l  Hanks  (see  Bank- 
ing Institutions) 142 

Nationalities  Represent- 
ed in  Chicago 8? 

Natural  Gas  Supply. .  ..5! 
New  Patrol  Wagon  and 

Ambulance 412 

Newspapers 417 

New  Water  Tunnels 412 

Ogden  Statue  412 

0  .tlying   Chicago     (see 

"  Outlying  Chicago  ")  .439 
Police    Department  (see 

1  "Police  Department")  79 
Population  Statistics  (see 

Population    Statistics)  82 
Post   Office  (see   "Post- 

Office") s.-» 

P<  > verty  in  Chicago 53 

Private  Banks  (ser>  Bank 

Ins.  State  and  Private"160 
Public  Library  (see  Pub- 
lic Library") 99 

Public  Parks      .....  67-78 
Public  School  (see  "Pub- 
lic Education 90 

Pullman  see"Pullman")318 
Pullman  Palace  Car  Co. 

see  Great  Industries).. 327 
Railroads  (see  Railroads 

and  where  they  lead  to) 478 
Railroads    centering   in 

Chicago 478 

Railroad  Entrances 51 

Railway  Passenger  De- 
pots  478-513 


GEX'fc  INFORMATION-Con. 

Real  Estate  (see  "Real 

Estate  and  Building").  103 
Recognized  Charities  ...161 

Revenge  Circular 412 

Riot  of '77 412 

Rookery 413 

Sanitary    Condition    of 

City 51 

Schools  (see  "Public  Ed- 
ucation") ...   90 

S  hakespeare     Statue, 

Lincoln  Park 413 

Sheridan  Road 413 

Sheridan  Statue 414 

Ship  Building(see  "Great 

Industries ') 328 

Sights   of   Chicago   (see 

fart  V) 561 

Societies  (see  "Socities")513 
State  Bantes  (see  "Bank- 
ing Institutions,  State 

and  Private" ) 150 

State  Central  Com 414 

State    Institutions    (see 

"State  Institutions")  .526 
State  Militia  (see  "Mili- 
tary")   384 

Strangers'    G  uide     (see 

Part  V) rei 

Street    Car    Linos    (see 

"City  Railw'yService")210 
Stock  Yards  (see  "Union 

Stock  Yard"), 329 

Suburbs  Annexed 49 

Suburbs  of  Chicago  (sre 

"Outlying  Chicago").. 439 
Subterranean  Theater.. 415 
Surrounding  Cities  and 

Towns.. r28 

Telegraph  Service 415 

Telephones   . . . .'  415 

Tenement  House  Inpec- 

tion    54 

Territory  Annexed  49 

Thirty-one   Daily  Trips 

(Sec  Part  V) 561 

Thomas  Orchestra 416 

Topography  of  Chicago.  54 
Towns  around  Chicago.  533 
Tributary  Cities   and 
Towns  (see"  Tributary 

Cities  and  Towns") 528 

Union  Stock  Yards  (See 
"Great  Industries").. 329 

Uniting  City  and  Co 55 

Universities  (see  "  Edu- 
cational Ins.") 2114 

University  of  Illinois. . .  .416 
Urban  Transit  (see  "City 

Rv.  Service" 210 

U.  S.  Appraisers'  Bldg.  416 

Viaducts 51 

Vital  Statistics 51 

Von  Linne  Statue 410 

Ward  Area  of  Chicago..  50 
Water  Transportation.  533 


GES'L  IHFORMATION-Con. 

Water  Supply  (see  Water 
Works) 55 

Waterworks  (see 
"  Water  Works") .  .112-115 

Weekly  Newspaper  (see 
"  NeVspapers  ")  431 

William  Prince  of  Orange 
Statue  416 

Wolf  Lake,  Area 53 

World's  Columbian  Ex- 
position (see  Part  I V . .  537 

World's  Fair  (see  Part 
IV) 537 

Terkes'  Fountain 417 

GREAT   BUILDINGS  OF  CHI- 
CAGO. 

Adams  Express  Bldg...  581 

Ashland  Block 396 

Auditorium 138 

Board  of  Trade  Bldg  . .  2oli 

Bordon  Block 582 

Bro.  Jonathan  Bldg 576 

Bryan  Block    572 

Buildings  of  1891 106 

Calumet  Bldg 574 

CaxtonBldg  580 

Central  Music  Hall 585 

Chamber  of  Com.  Bldg. .570 

Chemical  Bk.  Bldg 582 

City  Hal    5«2 

Columbus  Bldg 397 

Commerce  IHdg 5V6 

Counselman  Bldg 5'.6 

Cook  Co.  Abstract  Bid.  .597 

County  Hospital 616 

Court  House  562 

Dearborn  Station 581 

Donohue  &  Henneberry 

Building 581 

Evening  Journal  B'ld'g.581 
Evening  Post  Building..  598 

Fair,  The 594 

First  National  Rk.  Bldg  .581 
German  Theatre  Bldg.  .597 
Grand  Central  Depot  .  .511 
Great  Northern  Hotel  580 
Haymarket  Building.  .614 
Home  Insurance  Bldg.  .574 

Ins.  Exchange  Bldg '75 

Inter  Ocean  Building.  .582 
John  M. Smyth  Bldg..  613 

Kent  Building 572 

Kimball  Hall 601 

Lafayette  Building 569 

Leiter  Building 594 

Madison  Hall  614 

Major  Block 572 

Manhattan  Building  ..  580 
Marshall  Field  &  Co.,  re- 
tail  587 

Marshall  Field's  Whole- 
sale Building f89 

Marine  Building 569 

Masonic  Temple 583 

Mercantile  Building — 571 


Vlll 


GENERAL    INDEX. 


GREAT  BUILDI>TGS-Con. 

Merchants1  Building-.  ..570 
Monadnock    and  Kear- 

sage    Building 580 

Monon  Building 680 

Opera  House  Block.       (97 

Otis  Building 571 

Palmer  House 594 

Pheonix  Building 576 

Pontiac  Building ..580 

Portland  Block 582 

Post  Office 581 

Kand  McNally  Build- 
ing  575 

Reaper  Block 59 

Republic  Life  Building.. 57: 

Rookery  Building . .  .576 

Royal  Ins.  Building 576 

Security  Building 599 

StaatsZeitung  Building.598 
Stock  Exchange  Build'g.581 

Stone  Building 614 

Tacoma  Building  571 

Temple  Court  Building..  581 

Temple,  The  573 

Times  Building 598 

Tremont  House. 582 

Tribune  Building. 583 

Union  Building 570 

Union  Depot C12 

Unity  Building 582 

I'.  S.  Appraisers'  Build'g416 
Wheeler  Building 567 

GREAT  INDUSTRIES. 

Calumet  Iron  &  steel  Co.3U4 
Columbia  Steel  Car  Co.  .305 

Grain  Elevators 305 

Grain    Elevators,    De- 

seriptii  in  of 305 

Grain  Elevators,  capac- 
ity of ,  etc  305 

Grant  Locomotive  Wks.3i6 
Grant  Locomotive  Wks. 

Importance  of 307 

Great  Western  Locomo- 
tive Works..  307 

Illinois  Steel  Company.. 308 
Illinois  Steel  Co.,  capi- 
tal, etc 308 

Ilinois  Steel    Company, 

Joliet  Works     312 

Illinois  Steel  Company, 

Milwaukee  Works 311 

Illinois  Steel  Company, 

N.  Chicago  Works  —  309 
Illinois  Steel  Company, 

Product  of 309 

Illinois  Steel  Company, 

S.Chicago  Works..  ..  310 
Illinois  Steel  Company, 

Union  works 311 

John  H.  Bass  Car  Wheel 

Works    313 

Joseph  Klicka 313 

Kearns  &  Orme 313 

Kurz  Bros.  &  Buhrer. .  .314 


GREAT  INDUSTRIES—  Con. 

Lake  Side  Nail  Co  314 

GUIDE—  Continued. 

Twenty-first  Day  609 

Lemont  Stone  Quarries.  314 
McCormick  Harvesting 
Machine  Co  315 

Twenty-second  Day  611 
Twenty-third  Day  614 

McCormick    Harvesting 

Twenty-  fifth  Day  616 

Machine  Co.,  Inspct. 

Twenty-sixth  Day  616 

McCormick  Harvesting 

Twenty-seventh  Day  617 
Twenty  eighth  Day  618 

Machine  Co.,    Secrets 
of  success  317 

Twenty-ninth  Day  619 

McCormick   Harvesting 

Tlrirty-tirftt  Dai/  620 

Machine  Co.,  The  First 

Abend  Post  Office            598 

Harvester  317 

McCormick   Harvesting 

Arend's  Pharmacy  .       598 

Machine    Co.,    Wide 
Spread  Business  of  ..  317 

Arend's  Kumy  ss  699 
Armour  &  Co      .               574 

Norton  Bros.  Works.  .  .  .318 
Pullman     (See    "Pull- 

Armour,  P.   D.,  Charac- 
teristics of  574 

Pullman,  Industries  of.  318 
Pullman  Palace  Car  Co.  327 

Ashland  Avenue'  615 
Ashland  Block,  thsNew.597 
Bee  Hive  594 

Pullman  Palace  Car  Co., 
Business  of  327 

Berry,  the  Candy  Man  .  .599 

Pullman  Palace  Car  Co., 

Black  legs  695 

Disbursements  328 
Pullman  Palace  Car  Co., 
Earnings  and  profits    328 
Pullman  Palace  Car  Co., 
Revenue              .           328 

Blue  Island  Avenue  610 
Blue  Island  Ave.  Dist.  .  610 
Boarding  House  Rates..  562 
Board  of  Trade  District.576 

Railroad  Trans  304 

Richards  &   Kelly  Mfg. 
Co  328 

Board  of  Trade  Gallery.  576 

Seed  Market  328 

Ship  Building  Yard.  ..  328 

Brentano's  602 

Source  of  Iron  Ore  and 
Coal  Supply                   3C2 

Broken  Savings  Banks  .  597 

Stock  Yds.  (See  "Union 
Stock  Yards  ")  329 

Brother  Jonathan  Bldg  576 

Thompson    &    Taylor 

Bryan  Block  573 

Spice  Company  329 

Union  Stock  Yards  (see 

Buck  &  Raynor's              502 

"Union  Stock  Vds")..329 

"Bunco  Stcerers"             5!'5 

Water  Transportation..  3t>3 
W   W  Kimball  Co  33<J 

Business  Lunches  571 

\Vlio  Reside  on     .            605 

GUIDE,  THE 

Fir*t  Daii       .        56° 

Calumet  Building  574 
Carriages                           561 

Second  Day   56ti 

Carriage  District              601 

Third  Day       56s 

Carson,  Pii  ie,  Scott  &  Co  592 

Fourth  Day  573 

Caxton  Building               580 

Fifth  Day     576 

Central  Detail  Station     564 

Sixth  Day  577 

Central  Music  Hall           585 

Chambers1  Corner            595 

Eighth  Day                        58° 

Ninth  Day  587 

Building  .        570 

Tenth  Day  591 

Charles  L.  Hutchm^on   573 

!•:/>  rcnth  Day.  592 

Chemical  Bank  Building  583 

Tin  Ifth  Da  ii                         594 

"  Cheyenne  "                     577 

Thirteenth  Dmi                  595 

Fifteenth  Day                    599 

Chicago  Oyster  House    599 

Sirtfciith  Day         .           6  0 

Cicero  Electric  Line.  ..  614 

St-renternth  Day  602 

City  Clerk's  Office  565 

Eighteenth  Day         ..    6()4 

City  Collector's  Office      f.65 

Nineteenth  Day  606 

C  ty  Hall  562 

Twentieth  Day  608 

City  Ha  11,  Trip  Through.5«3 

GENERAL   INDEX. 


IX 


GUIDE-Continned. 

College  Place 607 

Commerce  Building 576 

Comptroller's  Office 565 

Conlidenee  Men 564 

Corner  Drug  Stores 592 

Coroner's  Office 567 

Cost  of  City  Hall 563 

Cost  of  Court  House ....  563 

Council  Chamber 565 

Counselman  Building. .  .576 
County  Clerk's  Office.  ...567 
County  Hospital  and  Sur- 
roundings   616 

CountyKecorder's  Office5G7 
County  Treasurer's  Of- 
fice  568 

Coupes 561 

Xourt  House 562 

Courts    and    Court 

Rooms  568 

Curry's  News  Stand  — 599 
CycloramaBuildinys  .  .601 

Daily  News  Office 598 

Dale  and  Sempill's 596 

Dale  &  Sempill's  Popu- 
larity              596 

Dearborn  Avenue 618 

Dearborn  Station 581 

Detective  Offices  563 

Donohue  &  Henneberry  581 

Drexel  Boulevard 608 

Evening  Journal  Build- 
ing   581 

Evening  Post  Building.. 598 

Fair,  The 59t 

Farwell  Hall 599 

Fashionable  Retail  Cen- 
ter  593 

"  Fences  "  for  Thieves.  .578 
Fidelity  Bank  Building. 597 
Fire  Alarm  Officers.  ..  564 
First  National  Bank 

Building 581 

Fish,  Joseph  &  Co 593 

FiskD.  B.  &Co 603 

Franklin    McVeagh     & 

Co 603 

Freie  Presse  Office 598 

French  Consul 569 

French,  Potter  &  Wil- 
son  603 

Gamblers  and  Sports...  595 

Gambling  District 595 

German  Theater  Build- 
ing . ;..  .579 

Globe  Office 598 

Grand  Boulevard  607 

Grand  Pacific  Hotel 576 

Grant  Locomotive  Wks.615 
G  reat  Northern  Hotel . .  580 

Groveland  Square  609 

Hack  and  Cab  Rates.... 561 

Hansom  Cabs 561 

Hay  market  Building .  . .  614 
Headquarters     Colum- 
bian Exposition 575 


GUIDE— Continued. 

Health  Department 563 

Heath  &  Milligan 598 

Herald  Building LOS 

Home  Insurance  Build- 
ing    574 

Hotel  Rates 563 

Hotels  and  Boarding 

Houses 563 

Insurance  Exchange 

Building 675 

Inter  Ocean  Building...  5H3 
Iron  and  Steel  Center..  .616 

Jackson  Hall  569 

James  H.  Walker's  &  Co.6i>2 
J  tunes  Wilde  Jr.  &  Co.  .593 
J.  B .  Chambers  &  Co .  .  597 
Jesse  Spaldiug's  Office .  . 569 

Jesuit  Church 610 

JolmM.Smyth  Bldg..  .613 

Keith  &  Co 603 

Kent  Building 573 

Kern's 571 

Kimball  Hall 601 

Kohlsaat's 571 

Lafayette  Building 569 

Lake  Shore  Drive 619 

Lake  View 619 

LaSalle  Avenue 619 

LaSalleSt  568 

Lake  Street .r.?:i 

Leader,  The 594 

Leading  Houses  and  In- 
dustries (see  Spe'l  lief)  620 

"Levee"The 577 

Loeb  &  Bro 571 

Lodging  House  Misery.. 579 

Lodging  Houses 579 

Lower  Strata  of  Society.  579 

Lumber  District 616 

Madison  Hall 613 

Madison  Street  Bridge... 611 
Madison  &  Clark  Sts . .  . .  f  95 

Major  Block 573 

Mandel  Bros 593 

Manhatten  Building &0 

Manufacturing  Center.  .617 

Marine  Building F69 

Marshall  Field's  Business 

Methods 590 

Marshall    Field,    Career 

of 587 

Marshall  Field,in  private 

life 591 

Marshall  Field  &  Co 5b7 

Marshall    Field  &   Co's. 

barn  578 

Marshall    Field   &   Co's 

Bldg.,  Retail 591 

Marshall    Field   &   Co's 

Business 589 

Masonic  Temple 583 

Masonic  Temple,Propor- 

tionsof 583 

Maxwell's 603 

May  Subway 565 

Mayor's  Offices 304 


GUIDE-Continned. 

McClurg's  Book  Store  .  .602 

MeVicker'a 582 

Mercantile  Building 571 

Merchant's  Building 570 

Merchants'  Nat'l  Bank  569 
Methodist  Church  Bi'ck.597 
Metropolitan  fc  ational 

Bank  571 

Michigan  Boulevard 607 

Milwaukee  Avenue 617 

Monon  Building 580 

Monatluock   and   Kear- 

sarge  Building 580 

National  Bank  of  Amer- 
ica  570 

North  Clark  Street 617 

Northern  Suburbs 619 

Northwestern  Masonic 

Aid  Asso  575 

Northwestern  Suburbs. 620 
O'Brien's  Art  Gallery. .  .603 
Old  Financial  Wrecks  .",n 
Old  "Terror"  District.  610 
Old  South  Market  Sq. .  .5.5 
Only  Bldg  saved  from 
the  fire  on  the  South 

Side 572 

Opera  House  Block 597 

Otis  Building  571 

Pacific  A  ve 577 

I'almer  House 594 

Parmalee's Agents  .  ..561 
Pawn  Broker's  District. 578 

Pearson  St 619 

PhenixBldg 576 

Police  Headquarters  . . . .  565 
Police  Reporters'  Room  564 

Pontiac  Bldg 580 

Portland  Block 583 

Postoffiee  Bldg 581 

.  Potter  Palmer 586 

Prairie  Avenue 604 

Prairie  Ave.,   Appear- 

anceof 604 

Prairie  Ave.,  People  win  • 

reside  on 605 

Present  Slums  of  Chica- 
go      578 

Printing  House  Dis't. .  .581 
Prominent  Residents  of 

North  Side  Ayes  617 

Prominent  Residents  of 

South  Side  Avenues.  ..604 
Prominent  Residents  of 

West  Side  Avenues  .    615 
Public    School    Depa1.  t- 

ment  565 

Public  Library 565 

Public    Works    Depart- 
ment   565 

Race  Murder,  Scene  of.  .578 
Rand-McNally  Building.575 

Reaper  Block 597 

Republic  Life  Building. 573 
Retail  Dry  Goods  Stores  593 
Rock  Island  Depot 578 


GENERAL    IXDEX. 


GUIDE -Con tinned.    . 

Rookery  Building 576 

Room  Rates 563 

Root  &  Sons  Music  Co...  602 
Royal  Insurance  Build'g576 

Rush  Street    618 

Ryan,  P.P.  &  Co 614 

Scarlet  Women  and  De- 
praved Men  578 

School  Property 593 

Security  Building 599 

Seigel,  Cooper  &  Co.'s. .  .594 

Sheriff's  Office 567 

Slack's 602 

Slums,  The  Heart  of  the.579 

Smyth,  John  M ...  613 

Smyth  Building 613 

Smyth,  John  M.,   Busi- 
ness of 613 

Smyth's  Town  Market .  .613 
Staats  Zeitung  Building. 598 

Standard  Guide  Co 681 

State  Street  Compared 

with  Foreign  Streets.. 582 
State  Street  from  the 

Bridge 582 

State  Street,  Original 

Improvement  of 586 

State  Street,  Potter 
Palmer's  Generosity  .  .586 

Stensland,  Paul  O 617 

Stock  Exchange  Bldg.«.58l 

Stone  Building 614 

Subscription  Book  Dist  601 
South  Clark  Street  ....  578 
South  Halsted  Street. . .  609 

South  Water  Street 583 

Southern  Manufact'ng 

Suburbs  620 

Tacoma  Building 571 

Temple,  the 573 

Temple  Court  Bldg 5«1 

Temperance  Temple  —  573 
Thomson's  Restaurant..  581 

Times  Building 598 

Tobey  Furniture  Co....  602 

Touhy&Co 614 

Tremont  House  582 

Tribune  Building 582 

Trunk  Rates 501 

"Uncle  Jesse"  and  "Un- 
cle Phil" 509 

Union  Building 570 

Union  Depot 612 

Union  Nat.  Bank  574 

Union  Stock  Yards 609 

Unity  Building 582 

University  Place 607 

Vartiell's 596 

Varnish  District 601 

Vincennes  Avenue -.f  0? 

Wabash  Avenue  601 

Wabash  A  ve.,  Changes  in601 
Washington  Boulevard. 01  tJ 

Water  Offices 665 

West  Madison  St.,  a  great 
thoroughfare 611 


GUIDE-Contlnued. 

West  Madison  St.,  after 

the  fire 611 

West  Madison  St.,  from 

the  Bridge 611 

West  Side  Park  System. 614 
West  Side  Park  System, 

Drive  through 615 

West  Twelfth  Street  ..  610 
Western  Associated 

Press  Office 570 

Western  Suburbs 615 

Western  Union  Office. .  570 

Wheeler  Building 5^6 

Wholesale  District 6  0 

Would-be-sports 695 

Y.  M.  C.  A.  Building.  .  .572 
Y.  M.  C.  A.  Quarters. . .  .699 

HISTORICAL. 

Admission  of  Illinois. ...  28 
Angio-Am'ican  War  1812  24 
Anglo-French  Colonial 

War  22 

Black  Partridge 20 

Butchery  of  Fort  Dear- 
born   27 

Chicago  as  a  City 29 

Chicago    as    a    Thrifty 

Village , 28 

Chicago  Portage 22 

Death  of  Marquette 21 

Defeat  of  Gen.  Hull 25 

English  Intrigue 25 

Escape  of    the    Kinzie 

Family 28 

Establishment  of  Fort  at 

Chicago 23 

Evacuation     of      Fort 

Dearborn 27 

Extensions  of  Chicago . .  29 
First  Settler  of  Chicago.  22 
Fort  Dearborn  Erected.  24 
Fort  Dearborn  Massacre  27 
Fort  Dearborn  Rebuilt..  28 
Garrison  of  Fort  Dear- 
born   25 

Growth  of  Chicago  from 

1837 29 

Incorporation  of  Chgo. .  29 
Indian  Chief  Eschika- 

gow  or  Chicago 21 

Jolict  and  Marquette. . ..  21 

Kinzie,  John 25 

LaSalle's  Explorations.  ':',' 
Le  Mai,  the  Fur  Trader.  22 

Louisiana  Purchase 23 

Massacre  of  Fort  Dear- 
born, Site  of 27 

Original  City  of  Chicago  29 
OriginaLSpellingof  Chgo  21 

Perish  Le  Clerc 27 

Point  De  Sable 22 

Population  of  Chicago, 

1837 29 

Population  of   Chicago, 
1855-60-66-70-80-86-89...  30 


HISTORICAL— Continued. 

Present   Population    of 

Chicago 29 

Second    Settlement    of 

Chicago 28 

St.  Joseph, Michigan...    23 

Tippecanoe 25 

War  with  England 25 

Wells,  Captain 20 

Whistler,  Captain  John.  2J 

HOSPITALS  AKD  DISPENSA- 
RIES. 

Alexian  Bros  Hospital.  .34X1 
Augustana  Hospital  ..;!41 

Bennett  Hospital 341 

Chi.  Emergency  Hos  .  .341 
Chicago  Floating  Hos...  31 1 
Chicago  Horn.  Hospital. 341 
Chicago  Hos.  for  Women 

and  Children 341 

Cook  County  Hospital..  .342 

German  Hospital 34'J 

Hahnemann  Hospital . .  .343 

Hebrew  Hospital 314 

Linnean  Hospital  344 

Locat'n  of  Dispensaries. 340 
Maurice  Porter  Memor'l 

Free  Hospital 344 

Mercy  Hospital 3i4 

Michael  Reese  Hospital. 345 
Natn'l  Temperance  Hos 340 
Presbyterian  Hospital  .  340 

Provident  Hospital 347 

Ry. Brotherhood  Hos. .  .347 
Bt.  Elizabeth's  Hospital  .247 
St.  Joseph's  Hospital  . .  347 
St.Luke's  Free  Hospital. 348 
St.  Vincent's  Maternity 

Hospital 350 

U.S.  Marine  Hospital.... 350 

Wesley  Hospital 351 

Woman's  Hospital 35."' 

HOTELS. 

Atlantic  Hotel 352 

Auditorium  Hotel lift) 

1  Jriggs  House :*V! 

Burhe's  European  Hotel353 
Capacity  of  Chicago  Ho- 
tels  :}52 

Clifton  House '.'M 

Commercial  Hotel 3->; 

Continental  Hotel !i53 

Gault  House 353 

Gore's  Hotel 353 

Griind  Pacific  Hotel 354 

Hotel  Brevoort .  355 

HotelDrexel 355 

Hotel  G race 355 

Hotels.  Miscellaneous... 358 

Hotel  Wellington 355 

Hotel  Woodruff 355 

Hyde  Park  Hotel :$55 

Leading  Hotels 353 

Leland  Hotel 355 


GENERAL  INDEX. 


ri. 


HOTELS-C'ontinned. 

McCoy's  Europ'n  Hot'l .  .ar>6 

Palmer  House 356 

Itichelieu  Hotel    357 

Saratoga  Hotel 357 

Sherman  House ar>7 

Southern  Hotel ar>8 

Tremont  House ar>8 

Victoria  Hotel Itfs 

Virginia  Hotel 358 

INEBRIATE  ASYLUMS. 

Alexian  Brother's  Hospi- 
tal  361 

Earle's  Private  Sanitari- 
um  361 

Keeley  Institute  (see 
"Keeley  Institute," 

The)  362 

MarthaWash'gt'n  Home  361 

Mercy  Hospital 361 

St.  Joseph's  Hospital.... 3S1 
Washingtouian  Home... 362 

KEELEY  INSTITUTE,  THE 

Associated     Koeley  Bi- 

ehloride  of  Gold  Club.. 364 
Bichloride  of  Gold  Club 

of  Dwight 364 

Character  of  the  Patienta364 
Daily  Life  at  Dwight...  365 
Departures  and  Arrivals  366 

Depot 366 

Discovery  of  theRemedy366 

Diseases  Treated 367 

Dwight,  Description  of  ..367 
Effects  of  the  Treatment368 

Express  Office 369 

Government  Recogni- 
tion  369 

Harry  Lawrence's  369 

Hotel  and  Boarding 
House  Accommoda- 
tion   370 

How  One  Man  was  Dis- 
eased and  How  Cured. 370 
Information  for  the  In- 
terested   371 

Inebriety,  a  Disease 372 

Keeley,  as  a  Man 373 

Keeley  Institutes- 
Branches  373 

KeelcyInstitute,Chicat!-o:j;  I 
KeeleyInstitute,Foreign374 
Keeley  Institute,Parent 

House 375 

Keeley      Institute,     Win- 

netka 374 

Leslie  E.  Keeley  Com- 
pany, The 376 

Medical  Staff 37ii 

No  Restraint  376 

Other  Bichloride  of  Gold 

Cures 377 

Photography — '. 377 

Pocket  Money 377 

Postoffice 377 


KEELEY  INSTITUTE-Con. 

Railroad      Communica- 
tion  378 

Rules  and  Regulations.  .378 

Slang 378 

Sympathy 379 

Taking  the  Remedy 379 

What     the     Treatment 
Does 379 

LIBRARIES. 

Armour  Mission  Lib'ry.380 

Chicago  Athaneum  Li- 
brary    *      ....380 

Chicago  Branch  I.  T.  & 
M.  Society  Library. . .  .380 

Chicago  Historical  Soci- 
ety Library 380 

Hyde  Park  Lyceum  Li- 
brary   380 

Illinois  Tract  Society  Li- 
brary    380 

John  Crerar  Library  —  380 

Lincoln  St.  M.  E.  Free 
Library    380 

Newberry  Library  . . —  381 

Public  Library(see  "  Pub- 
lic Library")  99 

Pullman  Public  Lib'ry.  .3S2 

Ravenswood  Public  Li- 
brary     382 

South    Chicago    Public 
Library 3S? 

Union  Catholic  Lib'ry.. 382 

Western   New     Church 
Library 383 

Wheeler  Library 383 

LIFE-SAVING  STATIONS. 

Chicago  Life-Sav'g  St'n.383 
E  vanston  Lif  e-Sav'g  Stn  383 

LIGHTHOUSES. 

Chicago  Light 383 

Crib  and  Br'kw'r  Lights. 3S4 
Grosge  Point  Light 381 

MANUFACTURES    OF     CHI- 
CAGO. 

Brass,  Copper,  etc 67 

Brewing,  Distilling   and 

Tobacco 57 

Bricks,  Stone,  etc 58 

Capital  Employed,  1891. .  67 
Capital  Employed  in  Va- 
rious Manufactures.  57-61 

Chemicals  58 

Iron  and  Steel 59 

Iron  and  Wood  58 

Labor  Employed 67 

Leather 59 

Manufactures,  Miscel ...  61 

Meats 59 

No.  of  Mnfg.  Firms,  1891  57 
Printing 60 


MANUFACTURES-Con. 

Textiles  60 

Wages,  Employes, 67-61 

Wood 90 

MARITIME  INTERESTS. 

Arrivals  at  Chicago  Har- 
bor, Comparative 61 

Arrivals  from!883to  1891  63 

Clearances  at  Chicago 
Harbor,  Comparative.  61 

Clearances  from  18a3  to 
1891 63 

Coastwise  Receipts  and 
Shipments 63 

Comparison  with  Lake 
Ports  62 

Comparison  with  Sea- 
board Cities. .' 61 

Greatest  Harbor  i  n 
America 61 

Lake-Carrying  Trade. . .  61. 

Shipments  of  Grain  to 
Canada 62 

Tonnage  of  Lake  Vessels  63 

Value  of  Exports  by 
Lake 63 

Vessels  Cleared  at  Chi- 
cago   61 

Vessels  Entered  at  Chi- 
cago   61 

Vessels  Owned  in  Chi- 
cago   64 

MILITARY. 

Battery  D,  1st  Artillery  .389 

Cavalry  Troop  A 391 

Chicago  Hussars ii91 

Chicago  Zouaves  . . . :  —  393 
Cook's  Chicago  Lancers  392 
Ellsworth  Chi.  Zouaves. 392 

Evanston  Zouaves 393 

First  Brig.,  I. N.G.,Gen'l 

and  Staff 387 

First  Regt.,  Armory  — 389 
First  Regt.,  Field  &  Staff 

Officers 388 

First  Regt., I.  N.  G.  ...387 
First  Regt.,  Standing  and 

Personnel 388 

Fort  Sheridan 385 

Gov.  Headquarters  ...  384 
Illinois  National  Guards  386 
Military  Dept.of  the  Mo. 384 
Rock  Island  Arsenal  —  386 

Second  Hegt.  Band 391 

Second  Refit.,  Field  and 

Staff  officers  .  390 

Second  Regt.,  I.  N.G....  390 
Second  Regt.,  Hist,  of  .390 
Veteran  Societies 393 

NEWSPAPERS-DAILY. 

Abendpost 417 

Arbeiter  Zeitung 418 

Dagbladet 420 


xn 


GENERAL  INDEX. 


NEWSPAPEBS,  DAILT-Con. 

Daily     National    Hotel 

OUTLYING  CHICAGO-Con. 

Antioch  441 

OUTLYING  CHICAGO-Con. 

Evanston    City  of            450 

Reporter,    The  418 

Argyle  Park      441 

Daily  News,  The.  ..        419 

Arlington  Heights          442 

Daily  Sun,  The  420 

Auburn  Park  442 

Fairview  Park       .           452 

Drovers  Journal,  The  .  .  .420 

Aurora  442 

Feehanville  442 

Evening  Journal  420 

Austin  442 

Fernwood                          452 

Freie  Presse  432 

Avondale  443 

Forest  Hill          .              452 

Goodall's  Daily  Sun       .422 

Barrington  .  443 

Forest  Home                    452 

Herald,  The  Chicago  422 

Batavia  443 

Fort  Sheridan                  452 

Illinois  Staats  Zeitung..424 

Bayer  443 

Fox  Lake  452 

Inter  Ocean,  The  425 

Bensonville                .       443 

Franklin  Park                  451? 

List.y  426 

Benton      443 

Geneva     ....                     453 

Mail,  The  Chicago  418 

Berwyn  443 

Glencoe  453 

Post,  The  Evening  .  .   .  .  426 

Bloom  443 

Glen  Ellyn  453 

Press,  The  Evening  ...  .418 

Blue  Island  443 

Glen  wood  453 

Skandinaven,  The  427 

Brainard              .  .  .           444 

Goodenow  453 

Times,  The  Chicago  ...  .428 

Bremen  444 

Grand  Crossing  453 

Tribune,  The  Chicago.  .429 

Brighton  Park  444 

Grant  Locomotive  W'ks, 

Brisbane            .          .      444 

addition  453 

NEWSPAPERS-WEEKLY  AND 

Buena  Park        .     ...  444 

Grayland  453 

OTHElt  PUBLICATIONS. 

Gray's  Lake  454 

,    Advance,  The  431 

Burlington  Heights      .  .444 

Greenwood  4.r>4 

Banner  of  Gold,  The.  .  .  431 

Calvary    444 

Greggs       454 

B  r  a  i  n  a  r  d  '  s    Musical 

Camp  McDonald  444 

Griffith  454 

World  433 

G  rossdale                           454 

Chicago  Dramatic 

Canfield  ..                         444 

Gross  Park  455 

Journal  432 

Cary                      .              444 

Gurnee  ..      455 

Chicago  Eagle  432 

Cheltenham       .             .  444 

H  ammond  455 

Citizen,  The  433 

Harlem        456 

Credit  Company,  The.  .  .433 

City  and  Environs          439 

Harvey  456 

Economist,  The  433 

Clarendon  Hills         .       444 

Hawthorne  457 

Farmers'  Review,  The  .  434 

Clifton  444 

Hejjewisch  458 

Figaro  434 

Clintonville    ....            444 

Hessville  458 

Ex  position  Graphic,  The434 

Clyde    444 

Highland  Park  458 

Furniture  434 

Colehour                .          444 

Highlands        458 

German-American        .  435 

Conleys                        .  .  .  445 

High  Ridge  458 

Graphic,  The  435 

Cortland                   445 

Hinsdale  458 

Inland    Architect    and 

Crawfoi'd  445 

Hyde  Park  Center  459 

News  Record  435 

Crete                    .        .      445 

Irving  Park  460 

Inland  Printer,  The         435 

Itaska  46  1 

Interior,  '1  he  .  .  .               435 

Crystal  Lake                     445 

Jefferson  Park  460 

Iron  Age,  The  430 

Cummings                445 

Joliet  460 

Legal  Adviser,  The          43fi 

Cuyler                                445 

Kenosha  :  461 

Lumber  Trade  Journal.  .430 

Dalton                                445 

Kensington  461 

National  Builder  The     43C 

Kenwood,  461 

Nederlander,  De               436 

Lacton  462 

Norden      .      .     .            .433 

De  Kalb          445 

La  For  462 

Northwestern  Christian 

Deplaines      445 

La  Grange  462 

Advocate        .               437 

Des  Plaines           445 

La  Vergne  403 

•  Dolton                                445 

Lake  463 

man    The                       437 

Lake  Bluff  463 

Occident                            437 

Dyer                              ...446 

Lake  Forest  ...  463 

Es'mt  Grove                       446 

Lakeside  463 

Lake  Villa  463 

Presto                '         438 

land                                 446 

Lemont  464 

Libertyville  404 

Edison  Park                      446 

Linden  Park  464 

Eggleston                          447 

Lisle  464 

Union  Signal                    438 

El  burn                         .      449 

Lockport  464 

Elgin                  -                  449 

Lombard  464 

Flmhurst                            449 

Mandel  464 

OUTLYING  CHICAGO 

Flsdon                                  449 

Manhattan  464 

Maple  Park  4fi4 

Suburbs                           439 

Englewood  Heights         449 

Maplewood  464 

Englewood  on  the  Hill    449 

Marley  464 

Altenheim  ..               .  ..441 

Eola...                  450 

Matteson  464 

GENERAL   INDEX. 


Xlll 


OUTLYING  CHlCAGO-Con. 

Maynard 464 

Maywood  464 

McCaffrey 465 

Melrose 46i 

Millers  465 

Mokena  465 

Monee 4f<5 

Mont  Clare .465 

Montrose 465 

Moreland 465 

Morgan  Park 465 

Morton  Park 466 

Mount  Forest 467 

Mount  Greenwood 467 

Mount  Prospect 467 

Naperville 4<>7 

New  Lenox 467 

Normal  Park 467 

North  and  South  Shores  441 

North  Evanston 467 

Norwood 467 

Oak  Glen 467 

Oakland 467 

Oak  Lawn 467 

Oak  Park 467 

Oak  woods 46tf 

Orchard  Place 468 

Orland 468 

Palatine 468 

Park  Ridge 46S 

Park  Side 468 

Pine. 468 

Prairie  View 468 

Prospect  Park 468 

Pullman     (See "    Great 

Industries  ") 468 

Racine 468 

Ravens  wood 468 

Ravinia 469 

Redesdale  469 

Rhodes     469 

Richton 469 

Ridgeland 469 

Riverdale     469 

River  Forest 4-i9 

River  Park 469 

Riverside 469 

Rockefeller 470 

Romeo 470 

Roseland 470 

Sag  Bridge 471 

Sherman 471 

Silver  Lake  471 

South  Chicago 471 

South  Englewood 471 

South  Evanston 471 

South  Lawn 472 

South  Lynne 473 

Spring-  Bluff 472 

Stone  Wood 472 

Stough  472 

Suburban  Railway  De- 
pots  410 

Suburban  Railway  Ser- 
vice  440 

Suburbs  annexed 439 


OUTLYING  CHICAGO-Con. 

Surnmerdale  472 

PARK  SYSTEM-Continned. 

Jackson  Park  72 

Summit  472 

Jackson  Blvd    ...           73 

Sycamore       473 

Thatcher's  Park  473 

Lake  Front  Park              78 

Thornton  473 

Lake  Park.      .           .       78 

Tolleston  473 

Lake  Shore  Drive  73 

Tracy  473 

Lincoln  Park  74 

Transportation  to  Sub- 
urbs           440 

Lincoln  Park  Conserva- 
tory                                6S 

Tremont  473 

Lincoln  Pk.,  Mon'ts  in...  75 
Lincoln  Pk.  Palm-house  75 
Michigan  Ave.  Blvd  75 
Midway  Plaisance  75 
North  and    South  side 
Viaduct  76 

Trevor  473 

Turner  473 

Upwood  473 

Warrenton.  .     473 

Washington  Heights.  .  .473 
Waukegan        473 

North  Side  Parks  67 

Waukesha  473 

Oak  wood  Blvd  76 

Wayne  474 

OgdenBlvd  76 

Wentworth  474 

Park  Com'rs,  how  Appt.  67 
Parks  under  City  Con- 
trol      78 

West  Ridge    474 

West     Roseland     (see 
"Roseland")  474 

South  Parks,  The  69 

Western  Springs     .  .       474 

South  Side  Parks    ...      67 

Wheaton    474 

Thirty-fifth  Blvd      .         76 

Wheeling  474 

Union  Park  76 

Whiting  474 

Vernon  Park  78 

Wild  Wood  477 

Washington  Blvd  76 

Willow  Springs  —   477 
Wilmette  477 

Washington  Park  77 
Washington  Park  Con- 
servatory        ...          69 

Winfleld  477 

Wmnetka    477 

Washington  Square  78 
Western  A  ve  .  Blvd  77 
W.  Twelfth  Street  Blvd.  77 
West  Side  Parks      .           67 

Woodlawn  .  .  477 

Worth  477 

PARK  SYSTEM. 

Access  to  Parks  67 

West  Side  Park  Improve- 
ments    79 

Aldine  Square  78 

Wicker  Park  78 

Area  of  Parks  68 

Woodlawu  Park  78 

Area  of  Public  Squares.  68 
Ashland  Blvd  70 

POLICE-  DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant  Sup't  79 

Campbell  Park  79 

Central  Blvd  70 
City  Parks  78 

Bureau  of  Identification  80 

Congress  Park  79 

Conservatories  68 

Composition  of  Force  ...  80 
Cost  of  Maintenance  —  80 
Detective  Department..  80 
Div.  Headq'rt'sandPrec  >0 
Divisions'  Inspectors  80 
General  Headquarters..  81 

Control  of  Parks  67 

Conveyances  to  Parks.  .  .  67 
Douglas  Blvd  70 

Douglas      Monument 
Square  78 

Douglas  Park  70 

Douglas  Park  Conserva- 
tory    69 

Patrol  System           81 

DrexelBlvd  71 

Policemen's  Ben.  Asso...  82 

Ellis  Park  78 

Gage  Park  71 

GartieldBlvd  71 
Garfiekl  Park  71 

Secretary   80 

Garneld  Park  Conserva- 
tory    69 

POPULATION  STATISTICS. 

Americans  in  Chicago.  .  .  82 
Bohemians  in  Chicago..  8,',' 
Cook  County  Popula'n  .  .  Si 
English  in  Chicago    ....  82 
Foreisru  Born  Residents  82 

Grand  Blvd  71 

Groveland  Park  78 

Humboldt  Blvd  72 

Humboldt  Park  72 
Humboldt  Park  Conser- 
vatory .  .                     .  .  69 

XIV 


GENERAL   INDEX. 


POP.  STATISTICS—  Con. 

French  in  Chicago    ....  83 

PUBLIC  EDUCATION-Con. 

Manual  Training  in  Pub- 
lic Schools  92 

PULLMAN,  GUIDE  TO-Coii. 

Death  Rate  (see'Health1  ili;.'! 
Depots                              o"J 

Physical  Culture  in  Pub- 

Doctors      321 

lic  Schools  93 

Drainage  .                         :>"! 

Public  School  B'ldgs  94 

DiCdging        ...                321 

Population  18i»2  82 

Public  Sch'ls,  How  Con- 
ducted    90 

Drop  Forge  Company  .  .321 
Dry  Kilns  ..             321 

Population  by  Divisions  83 

Receipts  of  School  B'r'd.  92 
Revenue  Public  Schools.  95 

Dwellings  (see  "  Build- 
ings")         321 

ships  83 

Salaries  School  Emp..  95-98 

Electric  Lighting  .;21 

Population  by  Wards.  .    83 

PUBLIC  LIBRARY. 

Electro  Plating  821 
Engines        '••','.( 

Population  of  Illinois..    84 

A  Cosmopolitan  Collec- 
tion      99 

Flats  (see  "  Buildings  ").321 
Flora  32 

Administration  of  99 

Fire  Department      .       I>21 

Scotch  in  Chicago  82 

Branch    Delivery     Sta- 
tions    100 

Freight  Car  Shops  321 
Foundry    (see    "  Union 

U.  S.  Census  Figures  —  82 

Cards  of  Membership.  .  .103 
Character  of  Books  1<  0 

Foundry."  321 
Fuel  :J21 

Circulation  of  Books  101 

Garbage      •       322 

Condition  of,  1892  101 

Gas  Works  321 

POST  OFFICE. 

Delivery  Stations             100 

Branch  Offices  85 

Directors'  Report,  1892..  101 

Glass  .321 

Business,  Increase  of  —  86 

Employes  of  100 
Librarian  102 

Green  Houses  322 
Halls  ....322 

Employees  of  85 

Maintenance  of  99 

Hammer  Shop  322 
Health                                3'*i 

Force  Employed    —  ...  85 
Foreign  Mails,  Closing  of  85 

Number  of  Volumes  102 
Officers  of  'J'J 

Ilennepin  Canal  322 
History      ....                    5*23 

Percentage  of  Circula- 

Hospitals          322 

tion        ..                  .    '102 

Hotels                                322 

International       Money 
1     Order  System  —  87 

Present  Location  of  99 
Reference  Department.,103 

Houses    (see     "  Build- 
ings ")....             •    .    322 

Secretary  102 

House    Drainage    (see 

Mail  Matter,  First-Class.  89 

Visitors  During  1891...  103 

"Drainage  ")  322 
Hydrants  322 

Class  89 

PULLMAN,  GUIDE  TO. 

Ice  Houses  322 

Mail     Matter,      Second 
Class  89 

Allen  Paper  Car  Wheel 

Industries  ?22 
Insurance  322 

Mail  Matter,  Third  Class  89 

Amusements  319 

Iron  Machine  Shop  322 
Journals  322 

Arcade  319 

Labor    ;  323 

Officers  of  the  P.  O  87 

Arcade  Theater  819 

Lake  Calumet  322 

Architecture  319 

Lake  Michigan  322 

Art  .      319 

Lake  Vista  322 

Railway  Mail  Service  89 

Athletic  Association.  .  .  .  319 
Band  (see  "Music")          319 

Land  Association  323 
Leases               323 

Railway  Post  Offices  89 

Bank  319 

Library  322 

Receipts  for  1H91  90 

Birth  Rate  319 

Living  at  Pullman  323 

Receipts  of  Post  office  .  .  90 

Blacksmith  Shops  3  9  I 
Blocks                              319 

Lumber  Yards  323 
Machinery        323 

Registry  Department.  .  .  90 
Revenues  of  P.  O  90 
Salaries  of  Officers  90 
Sub-Stations  85 

Brass  Works  (see  "Union 
Foundry"  319 
Brick  Yards  319 

Manufacturing  .  .   323 
Market  32:  5 
Municipal  323 

U.  S.  Money  Order  Sys- 
tem    ...  90 

Buildinsr  s  320 
Business  Houses  320 
Calumet  Mfg.  Co            320 
Calumet  River                  320 

Music  323 
Nativity  323 
Necrology        (see 
"Health")  323 

PUBLIC  EDUCATION. 

Cemeteries    320 

Operatives  (see  "Work- 

Census                               320 

men")  324 

Organization  .  324 

Children's  Work               320 

Paint  Works  324 

P       ijp       TSJ               1  SS  .h       V    Q1 

Churches                           320 

parks    324 

Est'd  Expenditures.!^.  98 

Columbia  Screw  Co  —  321 
Corliss  Engine                  320 

Passenger  Car  Shops  .  .  .324 
Pavements  324 

Board...                   ..  92 

Dairy  Farm  .               ...321 

Play  Grounds  32± 

GENERAL   INDEX. 


XV 


TOLLMAN,  GUIDE  TO— Con. 

Police 324 

Politics 3  .'4 

Power 324 

Pullman  Cars 324 

Pullman  City 324 

Pullman  Company  (see 
also  "Pullman  Palace 
Car  Company")  .  ...324 

Pullman  Farm 3;5 

Pullman  Iron  and  Steel 

Works 325 

Pullman  Land  Associ- 
ation  325 

Railroad 325 

Rents  325 

River  Calumet 325 

Secret  Societies 325 

Sewers  and  Sewage 32  > 

Schools 326 

Sidewalks 3. '5 

Social  Life 325 

Stables 325 

Steam  Heating ~.325 

Stores ;<~'t> 

Street  Railroad  325 

Streets 325 

Suburban  Trains 326 

Suburbs 326 

Tenants 326 

Terra  Cotta  Lumber  Co. 326 

Theater    32  i 

Trees 326 

Union  Foundry  and  Car 

Wheels  Works 32B 

AVages  326 

Watchmen 326 

Water 3^8 

Water  Tower 326 

Waterworks 326 

Women's  Work  327 

Workmen  327 

RAILROADS    AND     WHERE 
w ,.  THEY  LEAD  TO. 
,- Atch  son.Topeka  &  Santa 

<    Fe  478 

,  Baltimore  &  Ohio 480 

Chicago  &  Alton 438 

Chicago,    Burlington    & 

Quincy 482 

Chicago  &  Calumet  Ter- 
minal   490 

Chicago  Central 481 

Chicago  &  Eastern  111..  .491 
Chicago  &  Grand  Trunk.491 
Chicago,  Milwaukee  & 

St.  Paul 484 

Chicago  &  Northern  Pa- 
cific   492 

Chicago  &  North-west- 
ern   493 

Chicago,  Rock  Island  & 

Pacific    486 

Chicago,  St.  Paul  & 
KansasCity 48 


RAILROADS— Continued. 

Cleveland,  Cincinnati, 
Chicago  &  St.  Louis. .  .497 

Erie  Lines  498 

Grand  Trunk 499 

Illinois  Central 500 

Lake  Shore  &  Michigan 

Southern 503 

Louisville,  New  Albany 

Chicago  504 

Michigan  Central 504 

New  York  Central 504 

Northern  Pacific  505 

Pennsylvania  Lines (iti7 

Union  Pacific 508 

Wabash 510 

Wisconsin  Central  Lines.511 

REAL  ESTATE AND  BUILD- 
INGS. 

Building,  Comparative..  104 

Bldg.  Operations,  1891. .  .103 

Bldg.  Oper.  since  1876. .  .105 

,   Building  Permits,  1891..  104 

-"  Great  Bldgs.  of  1891 106 

Growth  of  Chicago 105 

Real  Estate  Market,  '91.  .105 
Real  Estate  Transfers. .  .105, 
School  Bldgs.  erect.  '91..  107 

SHIP  AND    DRAINAGE    CA- 
NAL. 

Changing     the     Water 

Flow 107 

Chicago    Sanitary  Dis- 

trict,Mapof 108 

Cost  of  the  Undertak'g.109 
Disposing  of  the  Chicago 

Sewage 109 

Drainage  Commission .  .107 
Map    of    Sanitary   Dis- 
trict    108 

Powers  of  Commission.. 107 
Route  of  theSbip  Canal. 109 
Uncertainty  as  to  Work 
on 112 

SOCIETIES. 

Art  Student's  League. .  .513 
Back  Lot  Societies  of 

Evanston 513 

Bar  Association 514 

Bohemian  Free  Think- 
ers  514 

British  American  Asso.514 
Canadian  Amer.  League  514 
Chicago  Academy  of 

Sciences .514 

Chicago    Astronomical 

Society 514 

Chicago  Democracy...  514 
Chicago  Historical  Soc'y  515 
Chicago  Law  Club  ...  515 
Chicago  Law  Institute.  .515 
Chicago  Orchestral 

Union 515 

Chicago  Philatelic  Soc'y  516 


SOCIETIES-Continued. 

Chicago  Soc'y  of  Deco- 
rative Art 5!6 

Chicago  Turngemeinde.516 

Columbian  Asso 516 

Cymrodorian  Soc'y.  517 

Dania  Soc'y 517 

Deutscher     Krieger 

Verein  517 

Garibaldi  Legion  517 

Germania  Soc'y  of  Chi.  518 
German  Mutual  Benefit 

Association 518 

Girl's  Friendly  Soc'y. .  ..518 

Horticultural  Soc'y 518 

Illinois  Humane  Soc'y.. 518 
Illinois  Soc.,  Sons  of  the 

American  Revolution. 519 
Ill.State  Bd.of  Charities  519 
Irish  Catholic  Coloniza- 
tion Ass'n 520 

Irish  Nat.  Burial  Ass. . .  520 
Luxemburg  Unterstuet- 

zungs  Verein 520 

Medical  Societies 520 

Moral  Education'l  Soc'y  520 

Naval  Vet.  Ass'n  520 

N.  W.  Associ'n  of  Horse 

Breeders 520 

N.  W.  Trav.  Men's  Ass.  .521 

Ogontz  Association 521 

Personal  Rights  League  521 
Philosophical  Society..  .522 
Physical  Culture  and 

Correct  Dress 232 

Plat  Deutsch  Verein 522 

Ref onn.Societies        ...  522 
Ridgeway    Ornithologi- 
cal Club 523 

Secret  Societies 523 

Singing  Societies 523 

Societa  Christof  oro  Col- 

umbo 523 

Societa    Francaise    D  e 

Secours  Mutual 523 

Societa  Itiliana  Unione 

e  Fratellanza 523 

Society  for  Ethical  Cul-  . 

ture 523 

Soldiers'  Home  Asso  . .  623 
South  End  Flower  Mis- 
sion  5'3 

St.  Andrew's  Society. . .  .523 
State  Microscopical  So- 
ciety  624 

State   Council   Catholic 

Benevolent  Legion — 524 
St.  Vincent  De  Paul  So- 
cieties   5?4 

Temperance  Societies. .  .524 

Turners'    Societies 524 

Typothetae,  The 524 

Union  Veteran  League. .524 
Unione  e  Fratellanza — 524 
Union  Veteran  Legion.. 525 
United  Commercial 
Travelers  of  America.525 


XVI 


GENERAL   INDEX. 


SOCIETIES-Contlnned. 
Western  Amateur  Press 

Asso 525 

Western  Society.  Army 

of  the  Potomac 525 

Woman's  Press  Asso  —  525 

Wonfan's  Alliance 526 

Woman's  Exchange 526 

SPECIAL  REFERENCE. 

Andrews,  A.  H.  &  Co.  ..626 
Blatchford,  E.  W.  &  Co. 024 
Carpenter,  Geo.  B.  &  Co  626 
Chicago  Rawhide  Mfg. 

Co  The 625 

Crown  Pianos  8c  Organe.C29 

Curry  Charles C.28 

Dodge  Mfg.  Co.  The.... 620 
Douglas'  Instantaneous 

Water  Heater 629 

Ely,  The  Edwards  Co .  .  .r«22 
Fooler,  E.  8.  &  W.  S.  ttf! 
Gregg  Electric  Cure  Co.630 
Gormully  &  Jeffery  Mfg. 

Co 631 

Henry  Dibblee  Co ... . .  ..621 

Irwin,  Green  &  Co  ....   623, 

James,  Fred  S.  &Co...  623 
Jenkins,  Kreer  &  Co...  627 
Kaestner,  Chas.  &  Co — 627 

KimbarkS.  D 630 

Marine  Engine  Works  ..621 
McDonald,  Charles..  .  .628 
New  York  Mutual  Life 

Insurance  Co  631 

Northwestern  Masonic 

Aid  Asso 632 

Northern  Assurance  Co. 

of  London 631 

Pettibone,  Mulliken  & 

Co 624 

Phenix  Lumber  Co.  Mil- 
waukee  • 531 

Plank  inton  Hotel,  Mil- 
waukee  ...531 

Rice  &  Whitacre  Mfg. 

Co 622 

Richardson  M.A.  Jr.  & 

Co 625 

Ritchie,  W.  C.  &  Co 628 

Sawyer-Goodman  Co 624 

S\yeet  Wallach  &  Co  ...620 
Victor  Colliau's  Hot 

Blast  Cupola,  Detroit. 529 
Vierling,  McDowell  & 

Co  626 

Warner  Bros.  Corset 

Mfgs 625 

Western  Wheel  Works..  6'S 

8T.4TE    INSTITUTIONS. 

Illinois  Asylum  for  Fee- 
ble Mind'eii  Child'n  ...  526 

Illinois  Central  Hospital 
for  the  Insane 526 

Illinois  Charitable  Eye 
and  Ear  Infirmary 526 


STATE  INSTITUTIONS-Con. 

Illinois  Hospital  for  the 
Insane 5~'6 

Illinois  Institution  for 
the  Education  of  the 
Blind 526 

Illinois  Institution  for 
the  Education  of  the 
Deaf  and  Dumb 526 

Illinois  Northern  Hospi- 
tal for  the  Insane 527 

Illinois  Soldiers'  and 
Sailors'  Home  527 

Illinois  Soldier  s' 
Orphans'  Home 527 

Illinois  Southern  Hospi- 
tal for  the  Insane 527 

Illinois  Southern  Peni- 
tentiary    627 

Illinois  State  Peniten'y  .627 

Illinois  State  Reform 
School 528 

TRIBUTARY  CITIES    AND 
TOWNS. 

Cincinnati 528 

Cleveland 528 

Columbus 628 

Council  Bluffs 528 

Des  Moines 528 

Detroit 529 

Galena 529 

Galesburg  *29 

Indianapolis 529 

Jackson  £29 

Jacksonville 530 

Kansas  City 530 

Keokuk 530 

Leavenworth 530 

Lincoln 530 

Louisville 531) 

Milwaukee 530 

Minneapolis  .  531 

Omaha 531 

Quincy 532 

Springfield 532 

St.  Joseph 532 

St.  Louis 532 

St.  Paul 532 

Tributary  Cities 533 

Tributary  Towns  in  Sur- 
rounding States 533 

Tributary  Towns,  Popu- 
lation of 533 

UNION  STOCK  YARDS. 

Area  covered  by 319 

A  rmour's  Great  Busi- 
ness  336 

"Big  Four  "  The 335 

Capacity  of 330 

Classification  of  Cattle.. 333 
Clay,  Robinson  &  Co.  ...336 
Currency  and  Weights.  332 
Disposing  of  receipts. . .  333 
Dressed  Beef  Business  .  .334 
Exchange,  The 335  | 


UNION   STOCK  YARDS— Con. 

How  Live  Stock  is  Rec'd  .331 

Location  of 329 

Method  of  Buying  and  .  .332 

Selling 332 

Packing  Companies 335 

Rules  and  Regulations.. 331 
Sights  in  Pack  ingtown..  337 
Slaughtering  the  Cattle  .334 
Union  Stock  Yards  Com. 329 

Wood  Bros 33*5 

Yardage  Charges,  etc  —  332 

WATER     TRANSPORTATION. 
-LAKE. 

Goodrich  Line 634 

Goodrich  Line,  Steam- 
ships of 534 

Goodrich  Line,  Descrip- 
tion of  the  "Virginia.. 534 

Graham  &  Morton  Trans- 
portation Co 533 

Lake  M.  &  Lake  S.  Trans. 
Co. 535 

WATER  WORKS. 

Central  PumpingWorks.112 
Description  of  Water 

Works  System 112 

Expenditure  since  1861 . .  113 
How  to  reach  Pumping 

Station    1  2 

How  to  reach  Crib 112 

Location    of    Pumping 

Stations 112 

New  Water  Tunnels —  114 
Source  of  Water  Supply.114 
Suburban  Water  Supply. lla 
Temperature  of  Lake 

Water 114 

Total    Cost    of     Water 

Works  to  1892 113 

Water  Supply  of  Envi- 
rons  115 

Water  Towers 114 

WORLD'S    COLUMBIAN    EX- 
POSITION. 

Act  of  Congress  author- 
izing World's  Fair  —  565 

Administration 537 

Administration  Build- 
insr.  Progress  of 551 

Agr't'l  Bldg.,  Prog- 
ress of 551 

Appropriations  of  For- 
eign Countries 646 

Art  Galleries,  Progress 
of 551 

Board  of  Architects  .  -  540 

Board  of  Control  and 
Management  of  U.  S. 
Government  Exhibit. .540 

Board  of  Lady  Mana- 
gers  640 

Board  of  Reference  and 
Conirol 638 


GENERAL  INDEX. 


XV11 


WORLD'S  COL.  EX. -Con. 

Building  Outlook  189 i.. 551 
Chicago  Stock  Subscrip- 
tion  550 

Chiefs  of  Departments.. 539 

Commissioners 638 

Committees    538 

Com.  of  the  Directory  of 
the  World's    Col.   Ex. 

on  Word's  Cong's fi44 

Congresses 544 

Dairy    Building,     Pro- 
gress of 552 

Dedicatory  Ceremonies.554 

Director  General 539 

Dutiable    Articles    Ex- 
hibited  556 

Electric  Lighting 552 

Electricty  Building, 

Progress  of 551 

Entrance  Pee    554 

Estimated  Value  of  Sal- 
vage   550 

Executive  Department. 539 

Exhibits 554 

Expenditures  to  Date  . .  549 
Exposition   Bldgs.,  An- 
nexes, etc 549 

Exposition  Bldgs.,  Area 

Covered 548 

Exposition  Bldgs.,  Cost. 

of 548 

Exposition    Bldgs.,    Di- 
mensions of 548 

Exposition   Bldgs.,   Ex- 
penditures     549 

Financial  Ability  of  Ex- 
position Company  . . .  550 

Financial  Resources 550 

Fisheries  Bldg.,  Progress 

of 551 

Foreign  Participation  ..546 
Forestry  Bldg.,  Progress 
of 551 


WORLD'S  COL.  EX.-Con. 

Geenral  Information  . .  .554 

General  Review  516 

Government    Aid   and 

Kecognition 547 

Government  Exhibits. .  .£56 
Hand-Hook  of  the  Expo- 
sition    559 

Headquarters 559 

Hotel  Accommodation.. 554 
Hoiticultural  Building, 

Progress  of 551 

Illinois  Bldg,  Progress  of  552 
Int.  earned  on  deposits.. 550 
Jackson  Pk.,  Prep,  at . .  .654 
Jackson  Park  and  Mid- 
way Plaisance 554 

Lighting  the    Buildings 

and  Grounds 552 

Local  Board 538 

Local  Bd.  of  Directors  .  .539 

Local  Bd.  Corn's 538 

MachinervHall,  Prog.of  551 
Manufactures  and   Lib- 
eral    Arts     Building, 

Progress  of 551 

Material  Used   in   Con- 
struction of  Buildings.552 

Medical  Bureau 540 

Mines  Bldg.,  Progress  of. 551 
Nations  Responding  ..  546 

Naval  Review 553 

Officers  of  Local  Board. P38 
Organization  of  Expo . .  .557 
Origin  of  World's  Fair 

Movement 555 

Power  of  Commission. .  .556 
Precautions  against  Fire552 

Preliminary  Work 555 

Pres.  Proclamation 556 

Pres.  Proclamation.Text 

Of 557 

Progress  of  Construct'n.551 
Prospective  Gate  Rec'ts.560 


WORLD'S  COL.  EX.-Con. 

Prospective  Receipts 
from  Concessions  and 

Privileges 650 

Restaurants  &  Cafes ....  664 
Sewerage     Arrange- 
ments   552 

Site  of  the  Exposition .  .558 

Special  Attractions 558 

Special  Exposition  Fea- 
tures   5f,4 

State  and  Territorial  Aid 

and  Recognition 547 

Stock  Subscriptions...   .550 
Total  cost  of   Exposi- 
tion   549 

Transportation 552 

Transportation    Bl  dg . , 

Progress  of 651 

Transportation,     In- 
crease of 559 

TJ. 8  Government  Bldg   552 

WaterSupply 552 

Woman's  Branch  of  the 
World's  Congress  Aux- 
iliary   545 

Woman's  Build'g,  Prog- 
ress of  551 

Women's  Work 553 

World's  Columbian  Com- 
mission  537 

World's  Congress, 

Arrangements  for. .  ..553 
World's  Congress  Aux^ 

iliary  541 

World's  Congress  Aux- 
iliary, Topic  to  be  Dis- 
cussed   558 

World's  Congresses  Pro- 
posed  544 

World's  Congress  De- 
partments   541 


The  publishers  desire  to  state  that  no  "paid"  matter  of  any  description  ichat- 
ever  appears  in  the  body  of  this  icork.  Commercial  houses,  corporations,  private 
interests  and  individuals  are  referred  to  only  because  a  Guide  to  Chicago  would  not 
be  complete  were  mention  of  them  omitted.  These  references  are  made  not  only 
without  previous  arrangement,  but  in  nearly  every  instance  without  the  knowledge 
of  the  houses,  corporations  or  persons  referred  to.  The  sole  aim  of  the  publishers  has 
been  to  make  a  perfect  hand-book.  Such  "paid  "  matter  as  appears  in  this  volume 
is  printed  plainly  aft  advertising. 


THE  FRONTISPIECE. 

The  Frontispiece  in  this  edition  of  THE  STANDARD  GUIDE  is  taken 
from  the  Great  Oil  Pai//fii/>/  presented  to  Chicago  by  the  Contributors  to  the  Fin 
lit  lief  Fund  in  London,  England,  after  the  g  nut  fire  o/  1871.  There  was  a 
surplus  left  after  Chicago  had  received  all  the  a'ul  tlffmtit  nfressary,  and  this  was 
used  to  pay  for  the  painting  of  the  picture.  It  hangs  in  the  rooms  of  the  Historical 
Society .  Though  severely  criticised  as  a  Work  of  Art,  it  irill  become  yearly  more 
valuable  as  a  Historical  Souvenir. 


a  y 
6  t 


c    O 


CHICAGO. 


Not  in  the  Arabian  Nights'  Entertainments,  though  bathed  in  all  the 
glorious  colorings  of  Oriental  fancy,  is  there  a  tale  which  surpasses  in  won- 
der the  plain,  unvarnished  history  of  Chicago.  And  it  is  probable  that  even 
Ihe  elastic  credulity  of  childhood,  which  from  generation  to  generation  has 
accepted,  without  question,  the  impossible  adventures  of  Aladdin,  Ali  Baba 
and  Sinbad  the  Sailor,  would  be  sorely  strained  if  confronted  with  the  story 
which  the  most  prosaic  historian  of  this  remarkable  city  is  called  upon  to 
tell. 

Chicago  is  one  of  the  wonders  of  modern  times.  Her  progress  amazes 
mankind.  There  is  not  on  record  an  achievement  of  human  intellect,  skill 
and  industry  that  will  bear  comparison  with  the  transformation  of  a  dismal 
swamp,  in  the  midst  of  a  trackless  desert,  within  the  span  of  a  human  life, 
into  one  of  the  mightiest  and  grandest  cities  on  the  globe. 

The  aim  of  this  volume  is  to  present  to  the  reader  the  results  attained  by 
the  people  of  Chicago  in  government,  art,  science,  culture,  commerce  and 
general  advancement.  To  do  this  within  the  limits  of  a  pocket  compendium 
has  required  exacting  labor  and  the  exercise  of  all  the  skill  which  the  com- 
piler could  command. 

Neither  Baedeker's  nor  Gallignani's  celebrated  guides,  which  European 
'ravelers  find  indispensable,  are  the  results  of  a  year's  or  of  ten  years'  labor. 
It  has  required  a  quarter  of  a  century  or  more,  and  frequent  alterations  and 
•evisions,  to  bring  them  up  to  their  present  degree  of  excellence.  It  requires 
lime  to  perfect  a  volume  of  this  character,  particularly  when  it  pretends  to 
'.over  faithfully  a  city  like  Chicago,  where  changes  of  magnitude  are  con- 
stantly occurring,  and  where  it  demands  all  the  watchfulness,  energy  and 
enterprise  of  the  editors  of  our  great  daily  newspapers  to  keep  up  with  the 
rapidly-moving  and  never-halting  procession  of  events. 

I  do  not  claim  for  "  The  Standard  Guide  "  any  more  or  less  than  that  it 
is  a  faithful  compilation.  I  have  sought  material  everywhere,  and  have  taken 
the  liberty  of  using  all  the  facts  and  -information  that  have  fallen  under  my 
eye. 

17 


18  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

I  take  advantage  of  this  opportunity  to  cheerfully  and  publicly  place  cm 
record  my  obligations  to  the  reporters  of  the  city  press,  whose  work  haa 
made  it  possible  for  me  to  collect  within  the  covers  of  this  volume  much  of 
the  information  it  contains. 

This  book,  I  believe,  will  prove  to  be  one  of  the  most  useful  ever  issued  in 
Chicago,  both  as  a  guide  and  an  encyclopedia,  and  valuable  alike  to  the  resi- 
dent and  the  stranger.  My  aim  has  been  to  place  this  city,  so  much  misrepre- 
sented of  late,  in  a  proper  light  before  the  World — to  convince  the  people  of 
all  countries  that  Chicago  is  not  merely  a  big,  bustling,  uncultivated  Westein 
town,  but  a  great  Modern  Metropolis,  whose  people  are  blessed  with  all  the 
advantages  and  surrounded  with  all  the  elevating  and  refining  influences 
enjoyed  by  the  residents  of  cities  ten  times  her  age.  This  volume  will  be 
read  extensively  throughout  America  and  Europe,  and  I  believe  it  will  con- 
tribute in  no  small  degree  toward  removing  the  erroneous  impressions  con. 
cerning  Chicago  and  her  people  which  have  found  a  lodgment  abroad. 

The  printing  and  binding  of  this  book  were  placed  in  the  hands  of  Messrs. 
Donohue  &  Henneberry,  who  have  performed  their  work  in  a  most  creditable 
manner.  The  photographic  views  from  which  the  half-tone  engravings  were 
taken,  were  furnished  by  Mr.  J.  W.  Taylor  ;  the  photogravures  were  made  by 
Vandercook  &  Co. 

THE  STANDARD  GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO  will  be  revised  and  issued  annually. 

JOHN  J.  FLINN. 
CHICAGO,  1891. 


The  above  appeared  as  the  preface  to  the  STANDARD  GUIDE  to  Chicago  for 
891.  I  have  nothing  to  add  to  it  except  this  :  That  the  sale  of  the  work 
justifies  me  as  its  compiler  in  pronouncing  it  a  success.  It  seems  to  have  met  a 
want  and  filled  it.  For  this  I  am  grateful,  and  as  an  earnest  of  my  gratitude,  I 
have  attempted  to  make  this,  the  revised  edition,  still  more  worthy  of  public 
patronage. 

JOHN  J.  FLINN. 

CHICAGO,  1892. 

PUBLISHERS'  NOTICE. 

In  this  volume  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  is  treated  merely  as  an 
incident  to  Chicago.  We  publish  a  "Hand-Book  of  The  World's  Colum- 
bian Exposition,"  which  will,  we  are  satisfied,  be  accepted  by  the  public  as  a 
c  implete  compendium  of  information  concerning  the  World's  Fair.  It  has 
been  carefully  compiled  from  official  sources,  by  Mr.  John  J.  Flinn. 

THE  STANDARD  GUIDE  COMPANY. 


THE  MARVELOUS  CITY. 


A  BUSINESS  VIEW. 


Population  of  Chicago,  1837 

Population  of  Chicago,  1890  (IT.  8.  Census) 

Population  of  Chicago,  1890  (School  Census) 

Population  of  Chicago,  1892  (Estimated) 

Area  of  Chicago  in  Square  Miles,  1837 

Area  of  Chicago  in  Square  Miles,  1892 

Length  of  Chicago,  Lineal  Miles,  1892 

Width  of  Chicago,  Lineal  Miles,  1892 

Buildings  erected  in  Chicago  since  1876 

Cost  of  buildings  erected  since  1876 

Frontage  of  buildings  erected  since  1876,  miles 

Buildings  erected  in  Chicago  in  1891 

Cost  of  buildings  erected  in  1891 

Frontage  of  buildings  erected  in  1891,  miles 

Bank  Clearings  of  Chicago,  1866      - 

Bank  Clearings  of  Chicago,  1891 

Commerce  of  Chicago,  1850 

Commerce  of  Chicago,  1891 

Capital  of  Chicago  National  Banks,  1891 

Surplus  and  Profits  of  Chicago  National  Banks,  1891 

Value  of  Meat  Products  for  1891 

Receipts  of  Hogs  for  1891 

Receipts  of  Cattle  for  1891      - 

Wholesale  Business  of  Chicago,  1891 

Manufactured  Products  of  Chicago,  1891    - 

Wages  paid  Employes  of  Manufactories  for  1891 

Capital  Employed  in  Manufacturing,  1891 


4,170 

1,098,576 

1,208,669 

1,300,000 

10.70 

181.70 

24 

10 

67,868 

$309,309,379.00 

286 

11,626 

$54,010,500.00 
53 

$453,798,648.11 

$4,456,885,230.00 

$20,000,000.00 

$1,459,000,000.00 

-  $21,241,680.00 
$12,495,143.00 

-  $133,860,000.00 

8,600,865 

3,250,000 

$517,166,000.00 

-  $567,012,300.00 
$104,904,000.00 

-  $210,302,000.00 


THE  MARVELOUS  CITY. 


ANOTHER  VIEW. 


Investment  In  Public  Schools  to  Date  -      $58,000,000.00 

Pupils  Attending  Public  Schools  .           .              14.5  751 

Teachers  in  Chicago  Publie  Schools             ....  3  259 

Cost  of  Maintaining  Public  Schools,  1891  -           -   $5,013  435.86 

Academies  and  Seminaries  In  Chicago  .           -               359 

Universities  in  Chicago                                       -  ...              4. 

Private  Schools  in  Chicago  .           .               goo 

Pupils  Attending  Seminaries,  Private  Schools,  etc.  -                      -     70,000 

Teachers  in  Academies,  Seminaries,  etc.      -  •           -          12  000 

Enrollment  at  Night  Schools,  1891  .           .           .    12,000 

Cost  of  Night  Schools,  1891  $95,361.84 

Whole  number  of  Public  Schools  .           .          192 

Estimated  Cost  Public  Schools,  1892  -        $6,000,000.00 

Number  of  Children  of  School  Age  in  Chicago  289,433 

Number  of  Books  taken  from  Public  Library,  per  annum  -    1,290,514 

Number  of  Volumes  in  Public  Library  -              166475 

Number  of  Volumes  in  other  Libraries  -    3,000,000 

Number  of  Visitors  to  Public  Library  Reading  Room,  1891  -  492,837 

Reference  Books  Issued,  1891  .       326,619 

Visitors  to  Art  Institute,  1891      -  75,000 

Number  of  Daily  Newspapers  in  Chicago    -  -           -                 30 

Number  of  Weekly  Newspapers  305 

Total  Number  of  Periodical  Publications    -  611 

Productions  of  Bound  Books  in  Chicago,  1891  9,000,000 

Hospitals  in  Chicago  30 

Charitable  Asylums  in  Chicago  -           -           50 

Amount  Expended  in  Public  Charities  Annually    -  -        $5,000,000.00 
Amount  Contributed  Toward  Private  Charities  Annually      -    $3,000,000.00 

Number  of  Churches  in  Chicago       -  575 

Number  of  Literary  Organizations  -           .          725 

Number  of  Gentlemenls  Family  Clubs         -  89 

Area  of  Public  Parks,  Acres      -  -           -      1,974 


§  < 

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•O  < 

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o  5 


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£  X. 

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Is 

s  -i 


PART  I. 

CHICAGO   AS  IT  WAS. 

In  order  that  the  visitor  may  thoroughly  appreciate  the  magnitude  and 
splendor  of  the  Chicago  of  the  present,  perhaps  it  would  be  well  enough  to 
take  a  glance  at  the  Chicago  of  the  past.  The  history  of  the  city  is  as  brief 
as  it  is  wonderful.  One  hundred  years  ago  the  ground  which  it  covers  was 
a  pathless  wilderness — an  almost  impenetrable  morass;  a  swamp,  out  of 
which  sprang  a  dense  growth  of  wild  and  tangled  grasses,  with  here  and 
there  a  mound  or  a  ridge  covered  with  wild  reeds,  or  oak  and  maple  trees, 
stunted  in  their  growth  but  luxuriant  in  their  foliage. 

Since  1673,  when  Joliet  and  Marquette,  induced  by  the  marvelous  tales 
told  them  by  the  Indians  regarding  the  Big  Water  that  laid  toward  the 
north,  gazed  upon  Lake  Illinois  (the  name  which  Lake  Michigan  bore  for 
many  years),  and  discovered  the  portage  of  the  Chicago,  or  Checagow,  as  the 
natives  pronounced  it,  a  number  of  French  explorers  and  missionaries  from 
the  South  and  Canadian  voyageurs  from  the  North  had  visited  the  spot  upon 
which  Fort  Dearborn  was  afterward  erected  by  the  United  States  govern- 
ment, then  in  its  infancy.  Louis  Joliet  was  the  agent  of  Count  Frontenac, 
the  Governor  of  "  New  France" — afterward  Louisiana;  and  Father  Jacques 
Marquette  was  a  priest  of  the  Society  of  Jesus,  full  of  zeal  for  his  religion 
and  bent  upon  the  salvation  of  the  savage.  Some  writers  maintain  that  La 
Salle  preceded  Marquette,  but  the  doubt  as  to  this  is  decidedly  in  favor  of  the 
Jesuit  priest.  It  was  Joliet,  however,  who  first  made  the  outside  world 
acquainted  with  the  fact  that  such  a  stream  as  the  Chicago  river  existed,  by 
giving  it  a  place  in  a  roughly-drawn  map  which  accompanied  his  report  to 
the  French  governor.  Marquette  did  not  long  survive  his  arrival  at  Chicago 
Portage.  He  died  of  a  fever  contracted  in  the  malarial  swamp  during  the 
year  1675,  after  having  established  his  religion  among  the  Indians.  His 
successor  was  Father  Claude  Allouez,  who,  during  his  mission  to  the  Illi- 
nois, made  several  trips  to  this  section. 

The  Indians  had  given  the  name  which  this  city  bears  to  the  river.  To 
them  it  was  Eschikagow  or  Checagow.  There  are  various  stories  regarding 
its  origin.  It  is  known  that  a  chief  of  the  tribe  of  Illinois  was  named  "  Che- 
cagow "  and  that  he  was  sent  to  France  in  1725  and  had  "  the  distinguished 
honor  of  being  introduced  in  Paris  to  the  Company  of  the  Indies,"  but  the 

21 


22  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

river  was  called  Eschikagow  or  "  Checagow  "  long  before  this.  The  word 
"Checagow"  in  the  language  of  the  Illinois  meant  "  Onion;"  in  the  language 
of  the  Pottawatomies  it  signified  "  pole  cat."  The  probabilities  are  that  the 
stream  received  its  name  from  the  "  Onion,"  that  vegetable  having  been 
found  in  great  profusion  along  its  banks  by  the  early  explorers. 

La  Salle  in  1678  secured  a  patent  of  nobility  from  the  French  monarch 
and  a  grant  of  seignority  for  Fort  Frontenac  on  Lake  Ontario.  He  then 
undertook  the  task  of  Western  exploration,  and  visited  the  Mississippi  and 
Illinois  rivers  in  furtherance  of  his  object.  In  his  company  were  three 
Flemish  friars,  and  of  these  Fathers  Membre  and  Ribourde  became  the 
immediate  successors  of  Marquette  and  Allouez  in  the  Illinois  mission.  For 
nearly  a  hundred  years  we  read  of  a  succession  of  missions,  of  the  occa- 
sional arrival  of  an  emissary  of  the  French  government,  of  the  establishment 
of  trading  posts  here  and  elsewhere  along  the  shore  of  Lake  Michigan,  but 
nothing  in  the  nature  of  a  permanent  settlement  is  mentioned,  and  it  is  plain 
that  no  idea  of  the  foundation  of  a  city  at  or  near  the  Chicago  Portage  ever 
entered  the  minds  of  the  few  adventurous  spirits  who  found  their  way  hither. 

The  first  settler  of  Chicago  was  a  fugitive  San  Domingoan  slave  named 
Point  De  Sable.  How  he  found  his  way  from  his  master's  plantations  to  the 
French  settlements  of  Louisiana  and  afterward  into  the  jungles  of  the  North- 
west is  unknown,  but  that  he  was  settled  in  a  cabin  at  the  mouth  of  the  Chi- 
cago river  and  was  leading  the  life  of  a  trapper  here  in  1779  is  a  settled  fact. 
Attention  is  called  to  his  existence  by  the  British  Commander  of  Fort  Mich- 
ilimacinac  in  a  letter  written  on  the  4th  of  July  of  the  year  mentioned,  who 
speaks  of  him  as  "  Baptiste  Point  De  Sable,  a  handsome  negro,  and  settled  at 
Eschikagow,  but  much  in  the  French  interest."  This  negro  became  quite 
prominent  as  a  fur  trader,  and  others  who  sought  to  obtain  a  share  of  the  prof- 
its obtained  through  barter  with  the  Indians  soon  gathered  around  him. 
Quite  a  settlement  of  these  trappers  and  traders  sprang  up  at  the  mouth  of 
the  river.  One  of  them,  a  Frenchman  named  Le  Mai,  bought  De  Sable  out. 
The  latter  died  shortly  afterward  at  Peoria.  Le  Mai  put  new  life  into  the 
business  and  caused  several  improvements  to  be  made  in  the  settlement. 
The  point  continued  to  grow  in  importance  as  a  trading  post,  and  Le  Mai 
became  quite  a  prosperous  if  not  a  wealthy  man.  He  continued  in  busi- 
ness here  until  1804. 

The  result  of  the  Anglo-French  colonial  war,  in  which  George  Wash- 
ington under  General  Braddock  first  achieved  military  distinction,  was  to 
deprive  France  of  all  territory  lying  upon  the  great  lakes  and  east  of  the 
Mississippi,  and  without  having  any  knowledge  of  the  fact,  for  the  scene  of 
operation  was  far  away  and  means  of  communication  were  few,  the  settle- 
ment of  Chicago  Portage  passed  under  the  protection  of  the  British  flag. 
Concerning  this  period,  Flinn,  in  his  history  of  Chicago,  says:  "In  all  the 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  WAS.  23 

subsequent  events,  the  session  of  Louisiana  to  Spain,  the  insurrection  of  the 
Indians  under  the  great  Pontiac,  and,  spurred  on  by  the  French  traders, 
the  attempt  of  the  Illinois  Chief  Chicago  to  drive  back  the  English;  the 
English  attempt  to  prevent  settlements  beyond  the  Ohio  river;  the  annexa- 
tion of  the  Northwest  to  Canada;  the  preparation  for  a  colonial  revolt  against 
King  George — through  all  these  events  Chicago  Portage  slumbered  obliv- 
iously in  her  desolate  neck  of  the  woods,  as  blissfully  ignorant  of  the  world 
as  the  world  could  possibly  be  of  her." 

While  negotiations  for  the  purchase  of  Louisiana  by  the  United  States 
government  were  in  progress  the  project  of  building  a  fort — a  sort  of  an  out- 
post of  civilization — at  the  southern  extremity  of  Lake  Michigan,  was  being 
entertained  by  Congress.  From  the  close  of  the  Re  volution  it  had  been  remem- 
bered that  British  influence  among  the  warriors  who  overran  the  West,  and 
who  could  be  counted  in  bands  of  thousands  along  the  upper  lakes,  was  gain- 
ing headway,  and  it  became  necessary  with  the  acquisition  of  the  new  terri- 
tory that  the  United  States  government  should  make  some  demonstration  of 
its  strength  in  order  to  counteract  the  pernicious  effects  of  England's  tactics. 
The  Indians  could  be  made  very  troublesome  to  us  by  the  artifices  of  a  nation 
that  was  secretly,  if  not  openly,  still  an  enemy  of  the  republic.  Hence  the 
proposition  to  build  a  fort. 

The  mouth  of  the  St.  Joseph  river  on  the  east  bank  of  the  lake  was  first 
proposed  as  the  proper  site  for  the  outpost,  but  the  friendly  Indians  were 
hostile  to  the  measure,  withheld  their  consent  to  its  construction,  and  the 
government  commissioners,  in  the  interest  of  peace,  decided  to  select  another 
location. 

Across  the  lake  from  St.  Joseph  was  the  Chicago  Portage,  where 
a  piece  of  territory  six  miles  square  had  been  'ceded  to  the  government 
by  the  Indians.  The  mere  fact  that  the  government  was  the  owner  of 
these  six  miles  square  appears  to  have  been  the  most  potent  influence  brought 
to  bear  upon  the  commissioners.  Beyond  the  fact  that  the  government  owned 
this  little  piece  of  land  in  the  wilderness,  there  was  no  particular  reason  why 
the  fort  should  be  located  here,  except  that  the  Chicago  river  emptied  into 
the  lake  at  this  point,  and  from  the  Chicago  communication  could  be  had  by 
water  with  the  interior.  The  undertaking  was  considered  at  the  time  a  bold 
one,  as  the  post  would  be  far  removed  from  the  borders  of  civilization,  and 
the  safety  of  its  defenders  would  depend  in  great  measure  upon  the  friend- 
ship of  the  Illinois  and  Pottawatomie  Indians.  An  order  for  the  construc- 
tion of  the  works  was  issued  by  the  War  Department  in  1803.  There  were  no 
American  military  outposts  nearer  than  Detroit  and  Michilimacinac  at  this 
time.  A  company  of  United  States  soldiers  was  stationed  at  the  latter  place, 
under  command  of  Capt.  John  Whistler,  an  officer  of  the  Revolution,  and 
to  him  was  intrusted  the  work  of  establishing  the  new  fort.  Two  young 


24  GUIDE  TO   CfilCAGO. 

lieutenants,  William  Whistler,  the  Captain's  son,  and  James  S.  Swearington 
from  Chillicothe,  Ohio,  assisted  him  in  command.  To  the  latter  he  gave  in 
charge  the  difficult  and  dangerous  task  of  conducting  the  soldiers  through  the 
forests  of  Michigan  to  Chicago,  while  with  his  wife,  his  son  and  his  son's 
wife — a  young  bride — he  embarked  on  the  United  States  schooner  "Tracy' 
for  the  same  destination. 

The  schooner  arrived  in  front  of  the  settlement  on  July  4,  1808.  The 
mouth  of  the  river  was  choked  with  sand,  driftwood  and  weeds.  On  the 
sand  bar  the  schooner  discharged  her  cargo  of  ammunition,  arms  and 
provisions  into  small  boats  which  were  rowed  into  the  river,  and  landed  at 
the  spot  where  the  fort  was  to  be  erected.  There  were  at  this  point  three 
rude  huts  occupied  by  French  fur  traders  with  their  Indian  wives  and  broods 
of  half-breed  children.  But  the  news  of  the  projected  work  had  been  noised 
around  the  country,  and  nearly  2,000  Indians  were  present  to  witness  the 
debarkation.  In  the  presence  of  these  natives  the  United  Stales  flag  was 
planted  on  a  spot  made  venerable  with  the  memories  of  130  years  of  transient 
French  occupation.  The  fort  was  not  completed  until  the  following  year. 
It  occupied,  according  to  Eastman,  "  one  of  the  most  beautiful  sites  or 
the  lake  shore.  It  was  as  high  as  any  other  point,  overlooking  the  sur 
face  of  the  lake,  commanding  as  well  as  any  other  view  on  this  flat 
surface  could,  the  prairie  extending  north  to  the  belt  of  timber  along  the 
south  branch  and  on  the  north  side,  and  the  white  sand  hills  both  to  the 
north  and  south,  which  had  for  ages  past  been  the  sport  of  the  lake  winds.' 
Around  the  fort,  little  by  little,  began  to  gather  the  wild  anc" 
restless  adventurers  who  blazed  the  path  of  civilization  through  thr 
trackless  forests.  Now  and  then  hunters  "dropped  in,"  liked  thr 
place  and  stayed.  Little  by  little  the  three  log  huts  which  the  schoone? 
"Tracy"  had  found  here  became  surrounded  by  a  little  village  of  simila" 
huts,  but  their  occupants,  instead  of  being  French  traders  with  squaw  wives 
were  more  closely  allied  by  race  and  disposition  to  the  soldiers  within  th<- 
palisades.  There  were  Indians  about  in  great  numbers,  but  they  wer^ 
friendly  and  manageable  as  a  rule.  The  post  continued  to  be  entirely  isolated 
from  the  rest  of  the  Caucasian  race  on  the  continent,  and  save  for  an  occa 
sional  visit  from  a  supply  schooner,  its  little  garrison  might  well  have  been 
impressed  with  the  belief  that  all  the  world  had  forgotten  them. 

The  war  between  the  United  States  and  England  in  1812,  was  the  cause 
of  that  important  event  in  the  history  of  Chicago,  the  massacre  of  Fort  Dear- 
born. The  French  settlers  previous  to  this  time  bad  been  driven  out  of  Illi- 
nois by  the  English,  and  the  latter  had  worked  their  way  steadily  into  the 
confidence  and  affections  of  the  Indians.  They  had  been  taught  by  English 
agents  and  emissaries  that  the  Americans  were  attempting  to  rob  them  of 
their  hunting  grounds  and  led  to  believe  that  if  they  would  join  their  fortunes 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  WAS.  25 

with  the  British  the  Americans  would  be  driven  out  of  the  country.  The 
Shawnees,  a  powerful  western  tribe,  had  been  thoroughly  blinded  by  the 
English  and  had  given  themselves  over  bodily  to  the  enemy,  with  the  great 
chief  Tecumseh  attheir  head.  This  chieftain  was  as  eloquent  as  he  was  brave. 
He  talked  to  the  friendly  Pottawatomie  chiefs,  worked  upon  their  credulity 
and  gained  their  adhesion  to  the  English  cause.  Several  of  them  had  fought 
by  his  side  at  Tippecanoe  the  year  before,  and  it  is  stated,  on  good  authority, 
that  Tecumseh  contemplated  the  destruction  of  Fort  Dearborn  even  then, 
and  would  have  carried  his  design  into  execution  were  it  not  for  the  defeat 
he  suffered  in  that  memorable  engagement. 

He  was  an  energetic  man,  and  he  wandered  through  the  wilderness 
constantly  in  search  of  new  allies  to  assist  him  in  driving  the  white  settlers 
east  of  the  Ohio  river.  He  succeeded  in  forming  an  alliance  of  this  charac- 
ter with  the  Winnebagoes  of  Rock  River. 

The  officers  who  were  originally  in  command  of  Fort  Dearborn  were 
replaced  in  1811  by  Capt.  Heald,  Lieut.  Helm,  Ensign  George  Ronan  and 
Surgeon  Van  Voorhees.  The  garrison,  at  the  time,  contained  sixty-six 
soldiers.  John  Kinzie,  the  first  "prominent  citizen, "was  living  with  his 
family  close  to  the  fort.  There  were  a  few  straggling  farm-houses  along  the 
river.  Inside  the  palisades  dwelt  the  wives  of  Capt.  Heald  and  Sergeant 
Holt,  and  three  other  women,  the  wife  of  a  French  trader  named  Ouilmette, 
a  Mrs.  Boriou,  her  sister,  and  Mrs.  Corbin,  the  wife  of  a  soldier.  The  Kinzie, 
Burns  and  White  families  were  the  most  prominent  in  the  settlement. 

Everybody  acquainted  with  American  history  will  recall  readily  the  disas- 
trous defeats  and  humiliations  which  befell  our  armies  in  the  Northwestduring 
the  early  months  of  the  War  of  1812.   Fort  Michilimacinac,  Mich., the  nearest 
post  to  Fort  Dearborn ,  had  fallen .  Finally  the  garrison  at  Detroit,  together  with 
the  town  and  the  entire  territory  of  Michigan,  fell  into  the  hands  of  the  Brit- 
ish.    General  Hull,  who  was  in  command,  was  tried  by  court  martial  and 
sentenced  tobe  hanged,  a  sentence  never  executed,  however,  for  it  developed 
to  the  satisfaction  of  the  government  and  the  country  shortly  afterward 
that  the  War  Department,  which  had  been  inefficiently  conducted,   was 
really  responsible  for  the  disaster.     Some  days  before  surrendering  he  had 
the  forethought  and  the  manliness  to  acquaint  Captain  Heald,  commander  of 
Fort  Dearborn,  with  the  situation,  to  warn  him  of  the  impending  danger  and 
to  urge  him  and  the  little  garrison  to  evacuate  the  fort  and  retreat  to  Fort 
Wayne.     This  was  the  first  intimation  Fort  Dearborn  had  received  of  the 
declaration  of  war  with  England  and  the  unfortunate  disasters  which  had 
followed.     The  news  created  consternation  and  confusion  bordering  upon 
panic.    To  make  matters  worse,  there  was  anything  but  harmony  existing 
between  Heald  and  his  subordinates     The  latter  decided  upon  evacuation 
without  consulting  with  his  officers,  in  spite  of  the  opposition  of  Kinzie, 


26  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

who  was  powerful  among  the  settlers,  and  against  the  advice  of  Winne- 
mac,  the  friendly  chief,  who  had  brought  the  tidings  from  Hull.  The 
latter  had  suggested,  or  ordered,  that  the  supplies  contained  in  the  fort 
be  distributed  among  the  Indians.  When  arguments  failed,  and  Kinzie 
found  that  Heald  could  not  be  turned  from  his  purpose,  he  begged  the 
commander  to  evacuate  at  once,  before  news  of  the  American  defeats  and  the 
peril  of  their  position  became  noised  «,mong  the  tribes.  Heald,  however, 
obstinately  insisted  upon  postponing  the  move  till  he  could  summon  all  the 
Indians,  in  order  to  divide  the  supplies  among  them.  Winnemac  saw  clearly 
the  danger  of  this  course,  and  advised  that  the  fort  be  abandoned  without 
delay,  with  everything  left  as  it  was;  so  that  while  the  Indians  were  ransack- 
ing the  place,  and  gorging  themselves  with  the  provisions,  the  garrison  might 
safely  escape.  He  knew  that  the  savages  had  become  generally  hostile. 
Further  appeals  to  Heald  from  officers  and  settlers  proved  to  be  of  no  avail. 
On  August  12th,  a  council  of  Pottawatomies  was  assembled  and  called  to 
order  by  Captain  Heald,  in  the  presence  of  Mr.  Kinzie,  who  accompanied  him 
to  the  place  of  meeting  outside  the  palisades.  This  council  passed  off  peace- 
ably enough,  Capt.  Heald  promising  to  evacuate  the  fort  and  distribute  the 
supplies  and  all  surplus  ammunition  and  arms  within  the  garrison.  The 
Indians  were  also  to  receive  a  liberal  gift  of  money.  The  Indians  appeared  to 
be  satisfied.  They  had  not  as  yet  heard  of  the  American  defeat,  Capt.  Heald 
remaining  silent  on  that  subject.  It  was  conveyed  to  them,  however,  by 
Tecumseh,  who  promised  them  a  glorious  opportunity  of  driving  the  whites 
forever  out  of  the  hunting-grounds. 

The  effect  of  this  intelligence  was  to  make  the  Indians  at  once  more 
insolent  than  ever.  Heald,  in  a  foolish  effort  to  correct  a  criminal  mis- 
take, decided  to  distribute  provisions  only,  and  to  destroy  the  arms  and  ammu- 
nition. The  Indians  prowling  around  the  fort  found  fragments  of  muskets, 
flint-locks  and  broken  powder  casks  thrown  in  a  well,  and  at  the  river  bank 
a  number  of  headless  whisky  casks.  When  these  discoveries  were  reported  to 
the  multitude  of  red-skins  now  assembled,  their  rage  knew  no  bounds.  They 
justly  looked  upon  Heald's  act  as  a  piece  of  treachery,  and  it  compromised 
all  the  good  fellowship  that  existed  between  the  Indians  and  the  garrison,  and 
even  the  Chief  Black  Partridge,  who  had  always  been  friendly,  threw  off  his 
allegiance  and  became  an  enemy. 

Rumors  of  the  threatened  danger  at  Fort  Dearborn  had  reached  Fort 
Wayne.  Capt.  Wells  stationed  there  was  a  brother  of  Mrs.  Heald.  He 
started  with  fifteen  Miamis  to  the  rescue,  and  arrived  on  August  14th,  find- 
ing the  garrison  without  hope  of  deliverance.  Evacuation  at  any  cost  had 
now  been  determined  upon.  Starvation  was  the  only  alternative.  Kinzie 
left  his  family  in  charge  of  some  friendly  Indians,  and  volunteered  to  accom- 
pany the  troops.  His  influence  with  the  savages  was  great,  and  it  was  hoped 
that  his  presence  might  prevent  an  attack. 


CHICAGO   AS   IT  WAS.  2? 

The  evacuation  occurred  on  the  morning  of  the  15th.  It  was  a  sad  spec- 
tacle. As  the  inmates  left  the  palisades  they  were  preceded  by  the  post 
band  which  played  the  Dead  March.  Not  a  man  or  a  woman  among  them 
expected  to  reach  Fort  Wayne.  All  felt  that  their  doom  was  sealed.  Capt. 
Wells  led  the  little  band  of  Miamis  which  formed  the  van.  He  had  black- 
ened his  face  in  token,  it  is  said,  of  his  impending  fate. 

The  evacuating  party  consisted  of  the  garrison,  about  sixty  five  men, 
officers  included;  the  Miamis  and  leader,  the  wives  and  children  of  officers, 
soldiers  and  settlers — about  one  hundred  and  twenly-five  persons,  all  told. 
They  took  their  route  along  the  southern  shore  of  the  lake  beach.  This  was 
skirted  by  a  range  of  sand  hills.  To  the  west  of  these  hills,  or  say  from  the 
line  of  the  present  State  street  inward  was  the  prairie  or  swamp  lands,  dry  in 
the  month  of  August,  1812.  Much  to  the  alarm  of  the  fugitives  the 
Pottawatomies  took  the  prairie  on  the  west  side  of  the  sand  hills, 
and  followed  them  at  a  distance.  They  must  have  reached  a  point 
on  the  shore  at  the  foot  of  the  present  Eighteenth  street,  when  Capt. 
Wells,  who  had  been  riding  in  advance,  came  galloping  back  with  the 
announcement,  "  They  are  about  to  attack  us,  form  instantly  and  charge  upon 
them."  These  words  were  echoed  by  a  volley  from  the  sand  hills.  The 
massacre  had  begun.  ^ 

At  the  very  first  discharge  of  the  enemies'  muskets,  Capt.  Wells'  band  of 
Miamis  fled  precipitately,  their  chief  following. 

The  whites  fought  with  all  the  courage  and  energy  of  desperation. 
Again  and  again,  the  attacks  of  the  Pottawatomies  were  repulsed,  with  great 
losses  on  both  sides.  Ensign  Ronan,  mortally  wounded  and  kneeling  on  the 
sand,  loaded  and  fired  with  deadly  precision  until  he  fell  exhausted.  Kinzie 
and  Capt.  Wells  were  fighting  like  madmen  to  protect  the  women  and  children. 
While  the  whites  were  charging  on  a  squad  of  Indians  hidden  in  a  ravine, 
a  young  Indian  brute  climbed  into  a  baggage  wagon  in  which  were  the  chil- 
dren of  the  white  families,  twelve  in  number,  and  slaughtered  every  one  of 
them.  The  number  of  whites  had  been  reduced  to  twenty-eight.  After  hard 
fighting  near  the  ravine  the  little  band  succeeded  in  breakingthrough  the  enemy 
and  gaining  a  rising  ground  not  far  from  the  present  Oakwoods,  or  between 
Thirty-Fifth  and  Fortieth  streets.  The  contest  now  seemed  hopeless,  and 
Lieut.  Helm  sent  Perish  Leclere,  a  half-breed  boy  in  the  service  of  Kinzie, 
to  propose  terms  of  capitulation.  It  was  stipulated  that  the  lives  of  survivors 
should  be  spared,  and  a  ransom  permitted  as  soon  as  possible. 

It  was  then  that  the  tidings  of  the  massacre  of  the  children  reached 
Capt.  Wells.  "Is  this  their  game,"  he  cried,  "butchering  women  and 
children.  Then  I  will  kill  too  !  " 

So  saying  he  started  for  the  Indian  camp,  where  the  Indians  had  left 
their  squaws  and  children,  pursued  closely  by  Pottawatomies.  He  laid  him- 


28  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

self  flat  on  the  neck  of  his  horse,  loading  and  firing  in  that  position,  as  fce 
would  occasionally  turn  on  his  pursuers.  At  length  his  horse  was  killed 
under  him,  and  he  was  seriously  wounded.  While  a  couple  of  friendly 
Indians  were  trying  to  drag  him  to  a  place  of  safety  he  was  stabbed  in  the 
back  and  killed.  It  is  said  the  Indians  took  out  his  heart  and  chopped  it  into 
little  pieces.  Mrs.  Corbin,  the  soldier's  wife,  fought  like  a  tigress  and 
refused  to  surrender,  although  safety  and  kind  treatment  were  promised  her, 
and  was  finally  cut  to  pieces.  Sergeant  Holt  finding  himself  mortally 
wounded,  gave  his  sword  to  his  wife,  who  was  on  horseback,  telling 
her  to  defend  herself.  She,  too,  was  wounded  by  Indians,  who  endeav- 
ored to  capture  her  alive.  She  fought  with  desperation,  and  finally 
breaking  away,  fled  to  the  prairies.  She  was  captured,  however,  but 
her  bravery  saved  her  life,  and,  after  some  months  of  captivity,  was  turned 
over  to  her  friends.  Mrs.  Heald,  who  was  wounded,  was  on  the  point  of 
being  scalped,  when  a  friendly  Indian  saved  her  life.  Kinzie  escaped  and 
his  family  was  unmolested  during  the  outbreak.  Two-thirds  of  the  evacuating 
party  were  massacred.  The  remainder  were  finally  returned  to  freedom. 

Of  course  this  event  broke  up  the  settlement  at  Chicago  Portage.  The 
fort  was  completely  destroyed  and  the  homes  of  the  settlers  were  burned 
down.  The  place  remained  desolate  until  1814,  when  the  Government  com- 
menced the  rebuilding  of  Fort  Dearborn. 

The  new  fort  occupied  the  exact  site  of  the  one  destroyed,  and  resembled 
it  in  construction.  The  government  at  this  time  also  ordered  a  survey  of  the 
water-course  between  Chicago  and  the  Illinois  river.  John  Kinzie  and  family 
returned.  The  settlement  began  to  fill  up  for  the  second  time.  Communi- 
cation was  opened  with  towns  and  settlements  in  southern  Illinois.  The  tide 
of  emigration  turned  toward  the  West.  The  waste  places  were  taken  up  rap- 
idly under  the  homestead  act.  Illinois  was  admitted  to  the  Union  in  1818. 
Chicago  began  to  assume  the  appearance  of  a  thrifty  village,  and  from  that 
time  on,  though  interrupted  now  and'then  by  dreadful  calamities,  her  course 
has  been  steadily  upward  and  onward.  These  calamities,  as  well  as  all  other 
events  in  her  history,  are  noted  under  appropriate  headings  in  the  Encyclopedia 
of  this  work. 


[Engraved  tor  The  Standard  Guide  Company.} 

THE  GRANT  STATUE,  LINCOLN  PARK. 

[See  "  Grant  Statue."] 


PART  II. 

CHICAGO  AS  IT  IS. 

Chicago,  Cook  County,  State  of  Illinois,  United  States  of  America,  is  the 
second  city  on  the  American  continent  in  point  of  population  and  commerce. 
Among  the  cities  of  the  civilized  world,  it  is  only  outranked  in  population  by 
London,  Paris,  New  York,  Vienna  and  Berlin,  in  the  order  named.  The  U.  S. 
census,  taken  in  June,  1890,  placed  the  number  of  inhabitants  at  1,098,576. 
The  school  census,  taken  at  the  same  time,  generally  believed  to  be  far  more 
reliable,  increased  the  number  to  1,208,669.  Since  then  new  districts  have 
been  annexed  to  the  city,  and  the  former  ratio  of  increase  has  been  more 
than  maintained,  so  that  a  conservative  estimate  of  the  population  of 
Chicago,  in  the  summer  of  1892,  brings  the  figures  up  to  1,300,000. 

The  City  of  Chicago,  incorporated  March  4, 1837,  comprised  ' '  the  district 
of  country  in  the  County  of  Cook,  etc. ,  known  as  the  east  %  of  the  south- 
west 1^  of  section  33,  township  40  north,  range  14  east ;  also  the  east  J^  of 
sections  6,  7, 18  and  19,  all  of  fractional  section  3,  and  of  sections  4,  5,  8,  9  and 
fractional  section  10  (except  the  southwest  fractional  J^  thereof ,  occupied  as  a 
military  post,  until  the  same  shall  become  private  property),  fractional  section 
15 ;  sections  16,  17,  20,  21  and  fractional  section  22,  township  39  north,  range 
14  east. "  Since  then  there  have  been  twelve  extensions  of  the  city  limits. 

The  rapid  growth  of  Chicago  has  been  an  enigma  to  those  who  have  not 
intelligently  investigated  the  conditions  which  have  led  to  it.  In  reality  it 
hasonly  kept  pace  with  the  country  of  which  it  is  the  natural  commercial  center. 
Situated  as  it  is  on  the  southwest  shore  of  Lake  Michigan,  in  41°  52'  N.  lat. 
and  87°  52'  W.  long.,  854  miles  from  Baltimore,  the  nearest  point  on  the 
Atlantic  seaboard,  and  2,417  miles  from  the  Pacific  ocean,  directly  on  the 
highways  from  East  to  West  and  from  the  Great  Northwestern  States  to  the 
Atlantic;  having  all  the  advantages  of  a  seaport  town  combined  with  those  of 
a  great  inland  feeder,  it  is  not  to  be  wondered  at  that  within  the  space  of  half 
a  century  it  grew  from  a  mere  hamlet  to  the  dimensions  of  a  great  metropolis. 

In  1837  the  population  of  Chicago  was  4,170.    Ten  years  later  it  was 

29 


30 


GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 


16,859.  In  1855  it  had  grown  to  80,000.  In  1860  it  was  100,206.  In  1866  it 
was  200,418.  In  1870  it  was  306,605.  In  1880  it  was  503,185.  In  1886  it  was 
703,817.  In  1889,  Hyde  Park,  Lake,  a  part  of  Cicero,  Jefferson  and  Lake 
View,  outlying  towns,  which  had  in  fact  years  before  become  parts  of  the 
city,  were  annexed,  and  the  school  census  of  that  year  gave  the  population  of 
the  city  at  1,066,213. 


BANKING. 

Chicago  in  volume  of  banking  business  transacted  ranks  next  to  New 
York,  although  Boston  usually  occupies  second  place  in  the  clearing-house 
column  which  is  published  by  the  papers.  Boston  has  fifty-one  banks  that 
clear,  while  Chicago  has  but  twenty-two,  yet  the  Chicago  banks  relatively  do 
more  business  than  the  Boston  banks.  The  fact  that  the  clearing-house 
figures  apparently  give  Boston  a  larger  business  cuts  no  figure  in  actual  facts. 
Chicago  really  is  the  second  city  of  the  country  in  financial  affairs. 

I        Clearances  for  1891. — The  following  were  the  monthly  totals  of  clearings 
by  the  associated  banks  of  this  city  for  1891: 


Month. 

1891. 

1890. 

January         

$    315,552,663 

$^96,038,598 

February  

293,2'<25,066 

2:3,062,263 

333,991,989 

304,703,836 

April      .          .          .           

347,709,049 

323,624,385 

May  

391,093,736 

374,969  955 

374,708  913 

358,607  984 

July                                

362.129,768 

350,804,127 

August                      

361,884,577 

342,118  026 

September                       

398.157,726 

359,984,613 

October  ..                     

421,521,165 

405,679,992 

401,965  054 

36i  309  585 

December  

423,945,524 

359,252,540 

Total          .             

$4,456,885,230 

$4,093,  H.>,904 

Total  1889                                                     

3  379  925  189 

Total  1888            

3,163774,463 

Total  1887    

2,969,216,211 

Total  1886    

2,604,762,912 

Clearances,  Comparative.— The  following  shows  the  bank  clearings  from 
1866  to  1891  inclusive: 

1879....  1,257,756,124.31 

1880 1,7~'5,684,894.85 

1881 2,249,329,924.73 

1882  2,393,437,874.35 

1883  "      2,517.371,581.21 

1884.'  2,259,680,391.74 

1885  2,318,579,003.07 

1886.'    2,604,762,912.35 

1887  ....  2,969,216,210.60 

1888. '         3,163,774,462.68 

1889...!      3,379,925,188.67 

1890..       4,093,145,904.00 

1891 4,456,885,230.00 


1866 8  453,798,648.11 

1867 580,727,331.43 

1868 723,293,144.91 

1869 734,664,949.91 

1870 810,676,036.28 

1871 868,936,754.64 

1872 993,060,503.47 

1873....        1,047,027,828.33 

1874 1,101,347,918.41 

1875... 1,212,8]',  ,207.54 

1876...    1,110,093,6?4.37 

1877 1,044,678,475.70 

1878... 967,184,093.07 


CHICAGO    AS   IT   IS. 


31 


Condition  of  State  and  National  Banks. — The  following  tables  prepared 
from  the  last  statements  furnished  by  the  State  banks  to  the  Auditor  and  the 
national  banks  to  the  Comptroller  are  matters  of  interest  and  pride  to  every 
Chicagoan,  and  clearly  establish  the  financial  precedence  of  Chicago  over  all 
competitors  with  the  exception  of  New  York. 


Deposits  subject  to  check- 

$    58  179  588 

, 

29  831,158 

$88  000  726 

15605907 

15  605907 

Time  and  demand  certificates— 

4  604  687 

5  118  008 

9  722  695 

To  the  credit  of  banks  and  bankers- 
National  banks       

50,961,740 

4  238  461 

55200201 

$168  5''8  559 

The  capital,  surplus  and  undivided  profits  of  the  national 
banks- 
Capital             »  

$21,298,680 

9  378  950 

Undivided  profits  

3,116,193 

$34  793  823 

State  banks  — 
Capital                         

12,327,000 

3,869,000 

1  8H9  288 

18  065  288 

fotal                           ,                             

$  52  859  111 

There  was  not  a  single  bank  failure  in  Chicago  during  the  year  1891. 
'Since  the  panic  of  1873  there  have  been  fewer  bank  failures  in  Chicago  than 
in  any  other  large  American  city. 

BOARD  OF  TRADE  TRANSACTIONS. 

The  Chicago  Board  of  Trade  is  a  world -renowned  commercial  organization. 
Itexercisesawiderand  a  more  potential  influence  over  the  welfare  of  mankind 
than  any  other  institution  of  its  kind  in  existence,  for  it  practically  regulates 
the  traffic  in  breadstuffs  the  world  over.  Its  transactions  are  of  far  more 
importance  to  humanity  in  general  than  are  those  of  the  Exchange  of  London, 
the  Bourse  of  Paris,  or  the  Stock  Exchange  of  New  York.  The  volume  of 
business  transacted  on  the  floor  of  the  Chicago  Board  of  Trade  annually  is 
amazing;  the  fortunes  made  and  lost  within  the  walls  of  the  great  building 
every  year  astonish  the  world.  The  membership  of  the  Board  of  Trade  is 
about  2,000 — nearly  all  young  men,  full  of  the  genuine  Chicago  spirit  of 
enterprise,  pluck  and  perseverance.  Notwithstanding  the  severe  criticisms  to 
which  the  methods  of  the  Board  have  been  subjected  from  time  to  time,  the 
commercial  honesty  and  personal  integrity  of  the  members  are  recognized 
everywhere.  On  the  Board  of  Trade  there  is  a  code  of  moral  ethics  which 
can  not  be  violated  with  impunity.  The  member  who  is  not  known  to  be 


GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 


commercially  honorable,  or  whose  word  has  once  been  broken,  or  who  has 
been  detected  in  a  disreputable  transaction,  loses  caste  among  his  fellows  and 
is  shunned  for  all  time.  Men  lose  fortunes  here  because  they  risk  them,  not 
on  a  game  of  chance,  but  in  a  trial  of  judgment.  The  Board  of  Trade 
building  is  om  of  the  architectural  monuments  of  Chicago.  (See  "Board  of 
Trade  Building.")  The  volume  of  business  done  on  the  Chicago  Board  of 
Trade  during  the  year  1891  was  largely  in  excess  of  any  previous  year  of  its 
history.  The  grain  and  produce  business  of  Chicago  is  transacted  on  the 
Board  of  Trade.  The  following  exhibits  will  give  the  stranger  an  idea  of  the 
immensity  of  the  business  done: 

Barley — Receipts  and  Shipments:    The  following  table  exhibits  the  receipts 
and  shipments  of  barley  in  this  market  during  the  past  twenty-two  years: 


YEAR. 

RECEIVED 
BUSHELS. 

YEAR. 

SHIPPED 
BUSHELS. 

1870 

3335653 

1870          

2,584,692 

1871                   

4  069  410 

1871  

2,908,113 

1872         

2,251,750 

1872  

5,032,308 

1873                    

4240239 

1873  

3,366041 

1874              

4  354  981 

1874    

3,404,538 

1875           

3  107,279 

1875  

1,868,206 

1876               

4  716  360 

1876        

2,687  932 

1877 

4  990,370 

1877  

4,213,646 

1878 

5  754  059 

1878          .... 

3,520  983 

1879  

4,936,562 

1879  

3,566,401 

1880                      

5  211,536 

1880  

4,110,985 

1881 

5  695  358 

1881 

3,113  251 

18S2 

6488  140 

1882    

3,298,252 

1883                    

8  831  899 

1883      

4,643,011 

1884           

7,849,829 

1884    

4,095,500 

1885        

10,760,127 

1885    

5,523,003 

1886          .  .            

12,511  953 

1886           

7,293,190 

1887          

12,170,402 

1887  

7,216,580 

1888 

12,387  526 

1888               

7,772,351 

12,524,538 

1889               

8,138,109 

1890 

15,133,971 

1890  

9,470,221 

1891     

12.228,480 

1891        

7  £58  Ir8 

Exports  of  wlieat  and  flour. — The  exports  of  wheat  and  flour  in  wheat 
from  all  American  ports  monthly  for  four  years  were  as  follows: 


MONTHS. 

1891. 

1890. 

1889. 

1888. 

January    

9,155,588 

7,997,354 

6,257,194 

7,520,860 

February    

7,791,615 

9,376,775 

4,586,130 

9,321,850 

March  

10,596,207 

10,077,654 

5,851,453 

8,564,735 

April  

10,872,949 

9,913,515 

5,810,731 

7  257216 

May                

10,240,120 

8  864  636 

6  830  122 

6014  621 

10,422,769 

6,857,143 

6  355,299 

6  242  559 

July                             .                                

13,694,899 

7  892  532 

7  015  986 

7  019  509 

25,279,027 

9  427  588 

11  619,689 

11  032046 

September  

24,655,698 

5,418,185 

8,192,149 

10  029  359 

19,610,040 

7,571  682 

9,363,535 

7  759000 

November       *  

20,101,989 

7,077,941 

8,408,064 

5  344  036 

December  

21,000,000 

9,613,685 

11,627,50J 

7,063450 

CHICAGO    AS    IT   IS. 


33 


Corn — Receipts  and  Shipments:    The  following  were  the  receipts  and  ship- 
ments of  corn  at  Chicago  during  the  past  twenty-two  years: 


YEAR. 

RECEIVED 
BUSHELS. 

YEAR.  - 

SHIPPED 
BUSHELS. 

1870 

20,189,775 

1870... 

17,777  377 

1871 

41  853  138 

1871  .-... 

36  716  030 

187-) 

47  366,087 

1872  

47  013  552 

1873 

38  157  232 

1873              

36  754  943 

1874                

35,799,638 

1874  

32,705  224 

1875 

28  341,150 

1875  

26  443  884 

1876 

48,668,640 

1876  

45  629  035 

1877 

47  915  728 

1877    

46  361  901 

1878 

63651,518 

1878    

59  914  200 

1879               

64,339,311 

1879  

61  299  376 

1880                      

97,272,844 

1880  

93  572  934 

1881          

78,393,395 

1881  

75,463  213 

1882 

49,061,775 

1882  

49  073  609 

1883                         .     . 

74,412,319 

1883  

71,656'  508 

1884                

59,580,445 

1884    

53,274  050 

1885 

62,930,897 

1885  

58  805  567 

1886 

62,535,126 

1886  

56  363'781 

1887           

51,538,217 

1887  

50  443  992 

1888 

74,208  908 

1888...  

69  522  665 

1889               

79.920,691 

1889  

83  860  818 

1890.   

81,117,251 

1890  

90  556  139 

1891  

72,770,304 

1891 

66  578  300 

Flour — Receipts  and  /Shipments:    The  following  table  exhibits  the  receipts 
and  shipments  of  flour  at  Chicago  during  the  past  twenty -two  years : 


YEAR. 

RECEIPTS. 

BBLS. 

YEAR. 

SHIPMENTS. 

BBLS. 

1870  .. 

1,766,037 
1,412,177 
1,532,014 
1,487,376 
2,666,689 
2,625,833 
2,955,197 
2,691,142 
3,030,562 
3,369,958 
3,215,389 
4,815,219 
4,179,912 
4,295,515 
4,960,830 
5,385.772 
4,183,147 
6,572,327 
6,034,006 
4,410,635 
4,358,058 
4,516,617 

1870... 

1,705,977 
1,287,574 
1,361,228 
2,303,490 
2,306,576 
2,285,113 
2,6  4,838 
2,482,305 
2,779,640 
3,C  90,540 
2,862,737 
4,499,743 
3,843,067 
3,999,441 
4,808,884 
5,240,199 
3.607,232 
6,362,580 
5,493,212 
3.916.454 
4,134,f86 
4,048,129 

1871  

1871  

1872    

1872  

1*73  

1873  

1874  *.  

1874  

1875  

1875  

1876        

1876  

1877           

1877  

1878    

1878  

1879                         

1879    

1880  ,  
1881  

1880  

1881        .  .   . 

1882  

1882  

1883  

1883.. 

1884        

1884 

1885  

1885  

1886  

1886.. 

1887             

1887 

1888    

1888 

1889               

1889 

1890  

1890 

1891  

1891     .... 

Grain  Exports. — The  shipments  of  grain  in  transit  and  export  to  Canadian 
ports  during  the  year  1891  were  3,824,084  bushels  of  corn;  1,012,547  bushels 
of  oats;  1,128,918  bushels  of  wheat;  1,526,015  bushels  of  rye;  total  7,491,600 
bushels. 


34 


GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 


Grain  Inspection. — The  following  shows  the  number  of  cars,  boat-loads, 
and  bushels  of  grain  inspected  on  arrival  in  the  city  for  the  twelve  months 
ending  Oct.  31, 1891, and  for  the  previous  inspection  year,  also  the  out-inspec- 
tion for  the  same  periods: 


INSPECTED  IN 

INSPECTED  OUT 

1891. 

1890. 

1891. 

1890. 

Cars,  number  

277,216 
422 
27,607,282 
15,114,838 
66,294,406 
73,-;99  216 
8,119,510 
11,042,163 

273,956 
640 
9,122,016 
9,33:,784 
94,991,620 
74,605,342 
3,065,129 
13,378,080 

Winter  wheat,  bushels.. 

Spring1  wheat,  bushels.  . 
Corn   bushels 

23,127,995 
8,048,566 
41,218,563 
14,161,975 
5,573,6(17 
2,079,177 

4,108,468 
4,090,471 
57.285,534 
16,839,843 
1,666,253 
1,753,839 

Oats,  bushels  

Rye,  bushels  

Barley,  bushels  

Grain  Storage  Capacity. — The  following  table  shows  the  regular  grain 
warehouses  of  the  city  of  Chicago  at  the  present  time. 


NAME  OF  ELEVATOR. 

PROPRIETORS. 

RECEIVE  FROM 

CAPACITY 
BUSHELS. 

Central  A   1 

Central  Elevator  Co  ... 
Dole  &  Co  

Chas.Counselman  &  Co. 
Congdon  &  Co  

City  of  Chicago  Grain 
Elevators,  limited  ... 

National    Elevator     & 
Dock  Co  

I.C.R.R  
C.B.&Q  
C.  R.  I.  &  P  

1,000,000 
1,500,000 
1,250,000 
800,000 
1.500,000 
1.800,000 
1,200,000 

1,250,000 
1,000,000 
700,000 
700,000 
400,000 
900,000 
1,000,1100 
800,000 
1,500,000 
1,000,COO 
1,000,000 
1,500,000 
1,500,000 

1,000,000 

175,000 

1,100,000 
500,000 

1,500,000 

2,000,000 
700,000 

Central  B  ( 

C  B  &  Q.  A  "I 

do    B  

do    C    \ 

do    D        1 

Rock  Island  A  j- 
Rock  Island  B  

C.R.  I.&P  

C.  &N.  W  

Galena  "1 

Air  Line  1 
Fulton..  1 

C.  M.  &St.  P  

St.  Paul  \ 
City  

Union  1 

W.  St.  P.  &P... 

C.  &N.  W  

Chicago  &  St  Li              t 

R.  R.  &  Canal  

Wabash  1 

Chicago  Elevator  Co..  .  . 
Chicago  &  Pacific  Ele- 

C.  M.  &St.  P  

Pacific  B  > 

111.  River  Elevator  Co.  . 
G.  A.  Seaverns  

Canal  
R.  R.  &  Canal  

Alton  

Alton  B  
Santa  Fe           [ 

G.  A.  Seaverns  
Santa  Fe  Elevator  Co.  .  . 

Armour  Elevator  Co.  .  . 
Illinois  T.  &S.  Bank... 

A.  T.  &  S.  Fe  R.  R  

C.  M.  &St.  P.  R.  R  
R.  R.  &  Canal  

Armour  Elevator  

Neeley's  Elevator  

Total 

28,675,000 

CHICAGO    AS   IT   IS. 


35 


&rain   and    Produce — Receipts   and   Shipments. —  Following    were    the 
receipts  and  shipments  of  grain  and  produce  for  1891,  compared  with  1890: 


RECEIVED. 

SHIPPED. 

1891.     - 

1890. 

1891. 

1890. 

4,516,617 
42,931,'458 
72,770,304 
74,402,413 
9,164,198 
12,228,480 
68,166,240 
11,120,138 
20,685,354 
206,898,960 
41,744 
105,061,775 
2,400 
13,970 
74,021,945 
63,922,939 
127,765,048 
110,891,894 
35,049,664 
5,201,633 
1,345,573 
192,3f8 

4,358,058 
14,248,770 
91,387,754 
75,1.  -.0,239 
3520,608 
19,401,489 
72,086,100 
6,642,905 
14,524,233 
300,198,241 
36,324 
109,704,834 
2,702 
77.985 
147,475,267 
67,338,590 
140,548,850 
103,743,421 
22,28  1,S  70 
4,737,384 
1,412,550 
170,563 

4,048,129 
38.990,169 
66,578,300 
68,772,714 
7,572,991 
7,858,108 
55,148,971 
9,990,798 
15,750,529 
751,684,t-62 
1,253,480 
877,295,885 
138,074 
278,553 
362,109,099 
50,204,235 
140,737,620 
198,571,824 
57,189,777 
8:0,S63 
835,069 
28,935 

4,134,586 
11,975,275 
90,574,378 
70,768,222 
3,280,438 
9,470,971 
59,213,036 
6,594,581 
15,395,873 
823,801,460 
1,767.650 
964,134,897 
145,897 
392,786 
471,910,128 
53,b29,885 
156,6  8,837 
199,083,622 
39,006,263 
724,109 
957,310 
19,378 

Wheat,  bushels  

Corn,  bushels  

Oats   bushels          

Rye,  bushels  

Grass  seed,  pounds  
Flaxseed,  bushels  

Broom-corn,  pounds  
Cured  meats,  pounds  

Dressed  beef,  pounds  
Beef  packages  

Pork,  barrels  

Cheese,  pounds  

Wool,  pounds  

Coal,  tons  

Salt,  barrels  

Hay,  tons  

Hogs  and  Cattle  Slaughtered  in  1890. — In  Chicago,  during  1890,  2,219,312 
cattle  and  5,733,082  hogs  were  slaughtered,  against,  respectively,  1,763,310 
and  4,211,766  in  the  previous  year. 

Received  in  189J.—Ther  ceipts  of  hogs  in  1891  were  over  8,600,000,  nearly 
a  million  more  than  were  received  in  1890,  the  previous  banner  year. 

Live  Stock  Transactions. — The  following  is  an  exhibit  of  the  business 
transacted  at  the  Union  Stock  Yards,  in  this  city,  during  the  year  1891,  as 
compared  with  the  transactions  of  the  year  1890: 

RECEIPTS  FOR  1891. 


CATTLE. 

CALVES. 

HOGS. 

SHEEP. 

HORSES. 

January      

274,379 

7,490 

1,068,260 

205,132 

818 

February  

223,4*3 

6,012 

933,873 

175.217 

12,198 

March                 

24,886 

8,336 

g61,902 

26.-i,350 

11,867 

April  

201,168 

10,403 

523,f28 

208,i>24 

10,153 

May.                

220,683 

13,440 

569,115 

185,881 

9,871 

June  

235,618 

26,782 

571,421 

167,581 

6,926 

July             ...           

288,983 

28,292 

468,497 

169,793 

5,213 

August     

260,765 

2i,ai7 

394,499 

160,399 

5,605 

September  

3a8,223 

31,398 

456,584 

187,545 

7,183 

October  

3T2,:«8 

26,127 

654,999 

191,473 

8,091 

November       

290,256 

16,971 

1,(«8,396 

140,509 

6.209 

December  

281,237 

7.776 

1,068,702 

155,723 

4,063 

Total  

3,250,3;  9 

285,383 

8,600,865 

2,153,537 

94,396 

To  bring  the  stock  to  the  yards,  304,706  cars  were  needed.  The  abovt 
receipts  show  that  Chicago,  notwithstanding  the  establishment  of  great  stock 
yards  in  cities  to  the  west  of  us,  still  leads  in  the  live-stock  business. 


36 


GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 
RECEIPTS  FOR  1890. 


CATTLE. 

CALVES. 

HOGS. 

SHEEP. 

HORSES. 

January  

283,356 

6,278 

807,798 

165  973 

6261 

232,796    > 

5,028 

563836 

153  453 

9  398 

246,592 

6,288 

634  086 

171  495 

12  9'*7 

April  

259,747 

11,131 

467  599 

191  260 

11  459 

May            

299,090 

9,767 

537  977 

172  82  1 

11  037 

June              

284,037 

19,909 

601,076 

181  406 

9020 

July  ..,  

328,2rfO 

26,425 

612,355 

143,958 

7,574 

August  

294,433 

21,939 

674,207 

185  174 

8081 

September  

332,706 

24,952 

618,337 

218,7t,4 

8061 

October           

382,098 

21,555 

146,344 

219  107 

7  064 

November   

263,511 

13,125 

878,992 

163  361 

6  019 

December  

277,684 

8,631 

821,221 

195,844 

4625 

Total  

3,484,280 

175,025 

7,663,828 

2,182,667 

101,566 

SHIPMENTS  FOR  1891. 


CATTLE. 

CALVES. 

HOGS. 

SHEEP. 

HORSES. 

January        

93,046 

3,944 

232,048 

88,420 

7,379 

February  

87,980 

2,359 

328,463 

65,866 

12,007 

March    ....         

96,258 

958 

380,893 

60,312 

10,760 

April  

70,031 

529 

292,548 

91,135 

9,636 

May     

76,756 

394 

278,269 

67,567 

8,747 

June  

67,943 

5,808 

254,364 

53,239 

6,534 

July    

83,454 

5,699 

223,712 

44,909 

4,700 

August  

88,162 

4,826 

176,368 

43,798 

4,865 

September  

114,480 

"   3729 

200,097 

47.653 

6,494 

October  

109,958 

7,735 

217,662 

25,684 

7,434 

November  

85,760 

5,398 

179,821 

25,774 

4,784 

December  

92,936 

2,969 

189,869 

34,512 

3,933 

Totals  

1,066,264 

48,331 

2,902,514 

688,205 

82,773 

SHIPMENTS  FOR  1890. 


CATTLE. 

CALVES. 

HOGS. 

SHEEP. 

HORSES. 

January          . 

124315 

2  ()62 

141  746 

68  922 

5  635 

February  

112675 

1  469 

227  987 

68  747 

8  872 

March  

119213 

702 

211  022 

75  474 

12335 

April  

131,249 

1  053 

143  131 

64  639 

10,425 

May.  . 

139  888 

653 

121  903 

59  554 

10611 

June  

86,976 

5  476 

128  841 

85  401 

8,350 

July  

107  016 

7  457 

158  612 

40  620 

6fc03 

August.  ...  . 

100284 

10  539 

157  6i:>3 

99  962 

7431 

September  

106,234 

11  682 

191  797 

107,572 

7,356 

October  

108,195 

11,018 

214  170 

96,675 

6,402 

November  

74446 

5  531 

157  826 

63  8H1 

5,803 

December      

85,818 

3819 

132  022 

78,416 

4,339 

Totals  

1,260,309 

61  466 

1  985  700 

929854 

94,362 

2  » 
O  3 


3  H 
" 


n  n  D. 

3  <  £{ 

3  O  °- 

S  X  O 

•-  p)  S. 

^  po  a 

1/3  n 


H  •< 

70  •— 


CHICAGO   AS  IT  IS. 


Produce— Receipts  and  Shipments  for  Two  Tears.  —  The  following  table 
exhibits  the  receipts  and  shipments  of  flour,  grain,  live  stock  and  produce  at 
Chicago  for  the  past  two  years: 


RECEIVED  . 

SHIPPED. 

ARTICLES. 

1891. 

1890. 

1891. 

1890. 

Flour  barrels  

4,516,617 
43,931,^58 
72,770,304 
74,402,413 
9,164,198 
12,^28,480 
68,166,240 
11,120,138 
20,685,354 
206,898,960 
41,744 
105,061,775 
2,460 
13,970 
74,021,945 
63,932,939 
127,765,048 
9,901 
8,683,195 
3,271,585 
2,164,464 
110,891,894 
35,049,664 
5,201,633 
2,045,418 
303,895 
1,345,573 
192,3(18 

4,358,058 
14,248,770 
91,387,754 
75,150,249 
3.520,508 
19,401,489 
72,086,100 
6,612,905 
14,524,233 
200,198,241 
36,324 
109,704,884 
2,702 
77,985 
147,475,267 
67,338,590 
110,548,850 
14,207 
7,6j3,828 
3,414,280 
2,182,667 
103,743,421 
22,281,570 
4,737,384 
1,941  392 
515,575 
1,412,550. 
170,562 

4,048,129 
38.990,169 
('6,578,300 
68,772,714 
7,572,091 
7,858,108 
5^,148,971 
9,990,798 
15,750,529 
751,684,^62 
1,253,480 
877,295,885 
138,074 
278,553 
362,109,199 
50,204,235 
140,737,620 
121,96. 
2,967,775 
,1,'7',200 
693,210 
198,571,824 
57,189,777 
83  ,£63 
865,949 
99,855 
835,(«9 
28,935 

4,134,586 
11,975,276 
90,574,379 
70,768,222 
3,280,433 
9,470,971 
59,213,036 
6,594,581 
15,395,873 
823,801,460 
1,767,654 
964,134,807 
145,890 
392,786 
471,910,128 
53,F29,,«85 
156,6'  8,837 
148,859 
1,985,700 
1,'  60,309 
1,252,873 
199,083,6  2 
39,006,263 
724,019 
S12.655 
108,822 
957,310 
19,373 

Corn,  bushels    

Oats    bushels 

Rye,  bushels    

Barley,  bushels  

Grass  seed,  'pounds    .... 

Flaxseed,  bushels  

Broom-corn,  pounds  
Cured  meats,  pounds  

Dressed  beef,  pounds  — 
Beef,  packages  

Pork,  barrels  
Lard  pounds  

Cheese,  pounds  

Butter  pounds    .... 

Drerssed  hogs,  No  

Live  hogs,  No  

Cattle,  No  

Sheep,  No  

Hides,  pounds      

Wool,  pounds  

Coal,  tons  

Lumbe  r,  M  

Shingles,  M       

Salt,  barrels  

Hay,  tons  

Railroad  Live  Stock  Transactions. — Chicago,  during  the  quarantine  year 
beginning  February  15  and  ending  November  30,  1891,  received  576,993 
cattleand  78.383  calves  in  Texas  division,  against  540,962  cattle  and  65,81 1  calves 
in  1890.  Receipts  the  past  year  were  brought  in  by  nine  railroads,  as  follows : 
Chicago  &  Alton,  189,275  cattle,  37,522  calves;  Wabash,  129,907  cattle, 
18,135  calves;  Chicago,  Burlington  &  Quincy,  105,382  cattle,  11,739  calves; 
Santa  Fe,  64,08»  cattle,  5,814  calves  ;  Illinois  Central,  31,376  cattle,  3,998 
calves  ;  Chicago,  Rock  Island  &  Pacific,  28,754  cattle,  141  calves  ;  Chicago. 
Milwaukee*  St.  Paul,  20,220  cattle,  1,034  calves;  Chicago,  St.  Paul  & 
Kansas  City,  7,643  cattle  ;  C.  &  E.  I.,  350  cattle.  Cattle  averaged  24.6  and 
calves  85  to  the  car.  About  111,000  head  of  Texas  cattle  were  received  out- 
side of  the  quarantine  district  during  1891. 

Combined  receipts  of  Texas  and  Western  range  cattle  for  1891  were 
1,959,530,  being  about  a  third  of  the  entire  receipts.  The  number  of  rangers 
was  173,000  larger  than  in  1890,  while  the  arrivals  of  native  cattle  were  418,- 
000  smaller  than  in  1890. 

From  July  6  to  November  20,  1891,  the  Home  Land  and  Cattle  Company 
marketed  14,000  Montana-Texas  cattle  in  Chicago  that  averaged  about  1,190 
pounds.  The  first  shipment  sold  at  $4.75  and  the  second  lot  at  $5.25  ;  July 
27  some  sold  at  $4.40  ;  July  29,  at  $4.30  ;  August  5,  at  $3  60  ;  Aug.  10,  at 
$3.75  ;  Aug.  17,  at  $3.50  ;  Sept.  4,  at  $4.35  ;  September  11,  at  $4.25  ;  Sept. 


38 


GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 


18,  at  $3.40  ;  Sept.  21,  at  $3.95,  Sept.  28,  at  $3.10;  October  26,  at  $3.50; 
Nov.  2,  at  $3  ;  Nov.  7,  at  $2.90 ;  Nov.  11,  at  $3.30  ;  and  the  last  shipment, 
Nov.  20,  at  $3.20,  which  gives  a  general  idea  of  the  course  of  values  for 
Western  rangers  during  the  past  season. 

Only  one  lot  of  Texas  cattle  sold  last  April  above  $5.25.  The  $5.75 
bunch  was  for  some  grade-Hereford  Texas,  averaging  1,060  Ibs 

During  1891  Kansas  City  received  1,272,600  cattle,  76,710  calves,  2,  599,- 
200  hogs,  387,000  sheep,  and  32,000  horses,  showing  a  decrease  of  203,000 
cattle,  200  calves,  276,000  hogs,  151,000  sheep,  and  5,300  horses,  compared 
with  arrivals  for  1890. 

South  Omaha  received  601.600  cattle,  1,538,000  hogs,  175,200  sheep,  and 
8,960  horses  during  1891  ;  showing  a  decrease  of  17,200  cattle  and  182,000 
hogs,  and  an  increase  of  19,400  sheep  and  3,900  horses,  compared  with 
arrivals  for  1890. 

Provision  Storage  Warehouses. — The  list  of  regular  provision  warehouse 
is  as  follows: 

TheAllerton  Packing  Co. ;  The  Anglo-American  Packing  Co. ;  Armour 
&  Co.;  John  Cudahy;  Chicago  Dock  Co.;  Cyrus  Dupee;  H.  M.  Dupee;  Henry 
D.  Gilbert  &  Co. ;  International  Packing  Co. ;  Jones  &  Stiles;  Hately  Brothers; 
Thomas  J.  Lipton;  John  Morrell  &  Co.,  Ltd.;Moran&  Healy;MichenerBros. 
&Co. ;  Swift  &  Co. ;  The  Stock  Yards  Warehouse  Co. ;  Underwood  &  Co. ;  J.  H. 
Winterbotham  &  Co.;  The  W.  H.  Silberhorn  Co.;  The  T.  E.  Wells  Co.;  The 
North  American  Provision  Co.;  The  Chicago  Packing  and  Provision  Co. 

Rye  Receipts  and  Shipments. — The  following  were  the  receipts  and  ship- 
ments of  rye  in  this  market  for  the  past  twenty -two  years. 


YEAR 

Received, 
Bushels. 

YEAR. 

Received, 
Bushels. 

YEAR. 

Shipped, 
Bushels. 

YEAR. 

Shipped, 
Bushels. 

1870.. 

1,093,403 

1881. 

1,363,552 

1870.. 

913,627 

1881. 

1,104,452 

1871 

2,011,788 

1882. 

1,934,516 

1871.. 

1,325,685 

1882. 

1,773,148 

1872 

.     1,129,086 

1883. 

5,484,259 

1872 

776,805 

1883. 

3,838,557 

1873. 

1,189,464 

1884. 

6,327,516 

1873.. 

960,613 

1884. 

4,365,745 

1874. 

781,181 

1885. 

1,892,760 

1874.. 

335,077 

1885. 

1,216,961 

1875. 

699,583 

1886 

936,547 

1875  .  . 

310,592 

1886. 

817,553 

1876. 

1,447.917 

1887. 

847,009 

1876  .  . 

1,433,9T6 

1887. 

690,830 

1877. 

1,728,865 

1888. 

2,767,571 

1877  . 

1,553,374 

1888. 

1,744,380 

1878. 

2,490,615 

1889. 

2,605,984 

1878. 

2,025,654 

1889. 

2,801,366 

1879. 

4,497,340 

1890. 

3,520.508 

1879.. 

2,234,363 

1890. 

3,274,382 

1880.   . 

1,869,218 

1891. 

9,164,198 

1880.. 

1,365,162 

1891. 

7,572,991 

CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS. 


39 


Speculative  Business  of  the  Board. — The  increase  in  speculative  business 
on  the  board  is  indicated  by  the  annual  reports  for  the  last  two  years  of  the 
Chicago  Board  of  Trade  clearing-house.  The  monthly  and  total  clearings 
and  balances  for  1891  were  as  follows : 


DATE. 

CLEARINGS. 

BALANCES. 

$    5,388,70750 

$  1,827,504  54 

4,869,450  00 

1,761,682  52 

11,001,201  50 

3,246,496  08 

11,955,19625 

3,751,432  41 

May                                               

1  ',480,938  50 

3,763,091  79 

9,929,196  25 

2,938,934  28 

[nlV                                                                           

8,978,752  59 

2,592,51561 

13,23xJ,350  (  0 

4,240,611  20 

8,202,817  17 

2,444,963  09 

6,064,626  26 

1,911,967  87 

5,131,76875 

1,810,142  53 

December  i  

5,848,425  00 

2,141,486  65 

Totals    . 

$104,083,52967 

$32,480,827  57 

Total  balances  for  1890  were  reported  at  $28.190,093.56,  against  $18,763,- 
093.56  in  1889,  and  $30,153,835.15  for  1888.  The  clearings  in  1890  were 
more  than  $31,000,000  greater  than  in  1889.  The  clearings  of  1891  exceeded 
those  of  1890  by  over  $18,000,000. 

CLIMATE  OF  CHICAGO. 

The  climate  of  Chicago  is  healthful  and  beautiful,  though  the 
weather  sometimes  goes  to  extremes  in  summer  and  winter.  The  air  is 
cool  and  bracing  through  most  of  the  summer,  and  hot  nights  are  very 
rare.  Many  thoughtful  persons  attribute  the  wonderful  growth  of  the  city  to 
the  stimulating  atmosphere  which  arouses  all  the  latent  energy  in  the  human 
system,  and  makes  possible  the  hard  mental  and  physical  labor  of  the  people. 
The  mean  barometric  pressure  during  a  period  of  ten  years  was  discovered 
by  the  United  States  signal  office  to  have  been  29,303  inches  ;  the  mean  an- 
nual temperature  40. 06°,  the  mean  annual  precipitation  36.64  inches  and  the 
mean  annual  humidity  of  the  air  70.9,  100  representing  complete  saturation. 
The  maximum  annual  precipitation  averaged  about  46  inches  during  this 
period.  The  highest  mean  temperature  was  51.40°,  the  lowest  45.42°.  Al- 
though the  mercury  reaches  the  nineties  in  the  summer  at  times,  and  falls 
below  zero  in  winter,  this  is  rarely  the  case.  In  winter  the  cold  is  tempered 
by  the  lake,  and  extremely  severe  weather  seldom  continues  longer  than  a 
week  at  a  time. 

Mean  Temperature.  —The  meau  temperature  of  Chicago  for  1891,  as  ob- 
served by  the  United  States  Signal  office,  was  as  follows  :  January,  30.2  ; 
February,  28.6  ;  March,  30.6  ;  April,  47.0  ;  May,  53.4  ;  June,  65.7  ;  July, 
67.0  ;  August,  69.0  ;  September,  69.0 ;  October,  52.6  ;  November,  33.8  ; 
December,  35.4. 


40 


GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 


Excessive  Precipitation  at  Chicago. — Statement  showing  dates  of  excessive 
precipitation  at  Chicago,  from  October,  1871,  to  December,  1891,  inclusive, 
with  the  duration  and  rate  of  fall  : 


DATES. 

Fall  equaling  or  ex- 
ceeding the  rate  of 
1  inch  per  hour. 

Fall  of  2.50  inches  or 
more    in   twenty- 
four  hours. 

AMOUNT. 

DURATION. 

AMOUNT. 

DURATION 

December 
September 
May 
August 
September 
January 
June 
October 
July 
May 
July 
November 
November 
March 
June 
August 
August 
May 
July 
July 
August 
July 
July 
July 
July 
September 
August 

22-23, 
28-29, 
1-2, 
15, 
9-10, 
18, 
8, 
19-20, 
25-36, 
25, 
6-7, 
11-12, 
5-6, 
25-26, 
1-2, 
2-3, 
23-24, 
28, 
3, 
31, 
2, 
3, 
12 
18-19', 
27, 
4, 
14, 

1871 

H.    M. 

2.50 
2.70 
2.82 

H.    M. 
23    30 
18    45 
24    00 

1872  

1873                    

1875  

1.00 

1     00 

1875               

3.50 

23    50 

1876    

1.00 
0.84 

1     00 

0      30 

1876  

1877          

2.55 
4M4 
2.77 
3.32 
3.38 
3.39 
3.26 
3.34 
5.90 
2  95 

24    00 
13    40 
23    00 
23    30 
24    00 
24    00 
21    f)5 
8    (13 
24    00 
24    00 

1878  

1879  

1879  

1881  

1883  

1884  

1885  

1885  

1885  

1888    . 

0.75 
0  75 
1.00 
0  67 
0.28 
0.25 
1.55 
4.02 
0.25 
1.00 

0      19 
0      23 
1      00 
0      33 
0      10 
0      10 
0     35 
3     34 
0      10 
0     34 

1888 

1888 

1888 

1889 

1889 

1889 

1889  

4.02 

3    34 

1889 

189H  

COMMERCE  OF  CHICAGO. 

The  Commerce  of  Chicago  has  grown  in  volume  from  a  total  of  $20,000,- 
000  in  1850  to  a  total  of  $1,459,000,000  in  1891.  The  increase  in  the  trade  of 
the  city  from  year  to  year  during  the  period  named  is  shown  by  the  following 
table.  The  figures  in  the  twentieth  line  are  for  the  twelve  months  from 
October  11,  1871,  to  October  11,  1872,  the  series  having  been  interrupted  by 
the  great  tire  • 


YEAR. 

IN  CURRENCY. 

IN  GOLD. 

YEAR. 

IN  CURRKNCY. 

IN  GOLD. 

1891  

tl,4"9  000,000 

$  1  459  flOO  000 

1890  

$  1,380,000.000 

gi'sso'ooo'orio 

1878 

655  000  000 

650  000  000 

1889  

1,177,000,000 

1  177  000  OCO 

1877        ,'.'. 

621\500'000 

695  000  000 

1888  

1,125,000,000 

1  125  000  000 

1876 

652  OOO'OOO 

587  000  000 

1887  

1,103,000,000 

1  103  000  OCO 

1875 

657  000  000 

666  000  000 

1886    

997,000,000 

997  000  000 

18  H 

639000  000 

575  000  000 

1885  

959,000  000 

959  OOo'oOO 

1873 

59(5  000  0!  0 

514  000  f(X) 

1884  

933  000  000 

933  000  000 

1871  '72 

490  000  000 

437  000  000 

1883  

],050,000,'000 

i  oso'ooo'ooo 

1870 

439'oOf'oOO 

377  000  000 

]882  

1,045,000,000 

1  045  000  000 

1869 

450  DOO  000 

333  0!)0  000 

1881  

1,015,000,000 

1  015  000  000 

3868 

434  000  000 

310  000  000 

1880  

900,000,000 

900  000  000 

I860 

97  000  000 

97  000  000 

1879  

764,000  000 

764  OOt/000 

1850 

20  000  OCO 

20  000  000 

CHICAGO   AS    IT   IS. 


41 


These  figures  were  prepared  by  the  commercial  and  financial  writers  of 
The  Chicago  Tribune,  men  who  have  been  careful  students  of  the  commerce 
of  Chicago  for  years,  and  maybe  depended  upon  implicitly.  [See  "Bank- 
ing" "Board  of  Trade  Transactions,"  "Manufactures,"  "Maritime  Inter- 
ests," etc.,  in  their  proper  alphabetical  order.] 

Internal  Revenue  Receipts. — The  following  shows  the  total  receipts  of  the 
United  States  Internal  Revenue  office  in  this  city  for  each  month  of  1890  and 
1891: 


MONTHS. 

1890. 

189'.. 

STAMPS  SOLD. 

January.    .  .  . 

February  .   .  . 

$      809,242.21 
859,832.51 
915,152.48 

ft  1,056,140.22 
1,021,733.48 
1,10  ,497.97 

Beer  stamps  sold  

.$2,232,351  31 

1,0«5,998  62 

1  160,952.09 

Spirit  stamps  sold    

7.709  233  9  » 

1,232,204.52 

1  074,941.95 

Cigar  stamps  sold  

529,468  11 

June    

1,047,960  71 

1,017,869.22 

Snuff  stamps  sold  

12,386.07 

July           

1.158,308.27 
1,161,310.18 

974,024.06 
953,144.18 

Tobacco  stamps  sold  
Cigarette  stamps  sold  

.       413,223.39 
1,548  9i 

September... 
October    

1,182,  95.28 
l,363,fi'28,64 

99t*,898.06 
879,726.41 

Oleomargarine  stamps  sold  . 
Special  stamps  sold  

666,2  3.74 
422  480  10 

November  .  .  . 
December  

1,253,194.65 
1,311,670.26 

878,547  19 
1,006,734.54 

Totals  

$  13,518,891,33 

$12,727,359.99 

Lumber  Trade  of  Chicago". — The  lumber  trade  in  Chicago  during  1891 
assumed  proportions  not  equaled  in  any  former  year.  The  amount  of  white 
pine  lumber  consumed  during  1891  exceeded  by  two  hundred  million  feet  that 
of  any  previous  year.  It  is  estimated  that  there  was  consumed  in  1891,  100.- 
000,000  feet  more  than  in  1890,  which  is  largely  due  to  the  consumption  of 
lumber  at  the  World's  Fair,  at  which  a  close  estimate  places  the  number  of 
feet  to  be  50,000,000.  The  exact  receipts  of  white  lumber  up  to  December  19, 
1891,  were  2,025.817,000  feet  ;  shingles  295,804.000.  The  receipts  of  1890 
were  1,985,135,000  feet  of  lumber;  showing  a  difference  of  180,682,000  in 
favor  of  1891,  while  the  shingles  received  in  1890,  were  308,875,000  greater 
than  in  1891,  or  in  round  numbers  504,680,000.  While  the  receipts  in  1891 
were  not  as  large  as  those  in  1888,  yet  more  lumber  was  handled  and  sold. 

Output  of  Chicago  Breweries. — The  output  of  the  Chicago  breweries  for 
1891  was  3,000,000  barrels.  It  was  the  most  prosperous  year  in  the  history  of 
the  brewing  business  of  this  city. 


COUNTY  ORGANIZATION. 

The  government  of  Cook  county,  Illinois,  is  vested  in  a  Board  of 
County  Commissioners,  consisting  of  fourteen  members,  elected  for  four 
years,  half  of  whom  retire  biennially.  The  salaries  of  these  commissioners 
amounted  to  $33,551  for  1892.  The  presiding  officer  is  elected  from  their  num- 


42  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

ber.  The  Board  has  the  direction  and  control  of  all  county  officers,  collects 
through  the  County  Treasurer  the  revenues  of  the  county,  and  appropriates 
money  for  the  maintenances  of  the  courts,  jail,  insane  asylum,  poor-house, 
county  hospital,  court-house  building,  sheriff's  office,  county  clerk's  office, 
coroner's  office,  etc.,  and  has  general  supervision  of  county  highways,  bridges, 
etc.  The  County  Board  is  entirely  independent  of  the  City  Council,  although 
the  jurisdiction  of  the  latter  extends  over  a  large  portion  of  the  county, 
included  within  the  corporate  limits  : 

Cook  County  Court  House. — Occupies  the  entire  east  half  of  block, 
bounded  by  Washington,  Dearborn,  La  Salle  and  Clark  sts.,  in  the  center  of 
the  business  district  of  the  South  side,  the  west  half  being  occupied  by  the 
City  Hall.  This  magnificent  pile  was  erected  in  1876-77  at  a  cost  of  about 
$3,000,000,  and  is  one  of  the  handsomest  public  buildings  in  the  county.  It  is 
at  present  four  stories  in  height,  and  two  additional  stories  are  to  be  added 
during  the  present  year  at  a  cost  of  $275,000.  [See  "Guide."]  In  this 
building  are  located  the  County,  Probate  and  various  Circuit  and  Superior 
courts,  the  Law  Library,  and  all  the  County  offices,  except  that  of  the  State's 
(or  prosecuting)  attorney  which  is  located  in  the  Criminal  Court  building, 
North  side. 

Coroners'  Inquests. — The  report  of  the  Coroner  of  Cook  County  for  the  year 
1891  contains  the  following  facts:  He  was  called  upon  to  inquire  into  the  deaths 
of  1,938  persons.  Of  that  number  399  death  certificates  were  issued  showing 
that  no  inquest  was  necessary.  Of  the  remainder  of  the  deaths,  323  were 
caused  by  the  railroads  of  the  county.  Ninety-seven  of  that  number  were 
citizens  killed  at  the  dangerous  grade  crossings;  fifty -nine  were  employes  of 
the  roads  and  were  killed  in  the  performance  of  duty;  twenty-seven  were 
passengers  who  met  death  in  wrecks;  fifteen  fell  from  moving  trains;  122  weie 
killed  while  walking  on  the  tracks;  twenty-three  in  attempting  to  jump  from 
a  moving  train,  and  one  in  a  manner  unknown.  Twelve  hundred  and  fifteen 
of  the  cases  were  males  and  284  females;  1,469  were  white  and  only  thirty 
colored.  Most  of  the  victims,  438  were  laborers;  the  next  classes  represented 
being  housewives  and  mechanics,  of  whom  there  were  111  each.  The  causes 
of  death  and  the  number  of  victims  are  as  follows:  Natural  causes,  63; 
heart  disease,  58;  suicide^  270;  drowned,  145;  fell  from  buildings,  59;  con- 
sumption, 3;  exposure,  3,  fell  from  wagon,  40;  fell  from  scaffold,  47;  apo- 
plexy, 5;  poibon  accidental,  18;  railroad  accidents,  323;  abortion,  6;  infanti- 
cide, 8;  hemorrhage  of  lungs,!;  fell  from  stairs,  23;  elevator  accidents,  24; 
street  car  accidents,  14  grip  accidents,  28;  convulsions,  8;  burns  and  scalds, 
70;  old  age  and  debility,  2;  asphyxiation,  48;  machinery  accidents,  51;  homi- 
cide, 60;  shot  accidentally,  15;  run  over  by  wagon,  37;  intemperance,  17; 
pneumonia,  6;  falling  timber,  1;  boiler  explosion,  10;  suffocation,  15;  shot 
(self  defense),  5;  sunstroke,  3;  fell  from  horse,  1;  kicked  by  horse,  4;  struck 
by  lightning,  1;  burned  in  private  building,  11;  manhole  explosion,  1;  total, 
1,499.  Of  the  270  suicides  198  were  married  and  72  single;  85  were  Ameri- 
cans, the  Germans  coming  next  with  84.  More  suicides  were  committed  in 
August  than  in  any  other  month,  there  being  29,  while  November  had  the 
smallest  number,  17.  The  favorite  mode  of  taking  lif  was  by  poison,  and 
the  favorite  poison  was  morphine,  29  of  the  94  poisoning  cases  being  by  the 
"morphine  route."  Of  the  270  suicides,  41  were  adjudged  insane,  85  were 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  IS.  43 

actuated  by  despondency  and  23,  so  said  the  jurors,  were  caused  by  domestic 
infelicity.  Two  hundred  of  the  cases  of  suicide  were  male.  Thirteen  were 
persons  between  ten  and  twenty  years  old,  69  between  twenty  and  thirty 
years,  65  between  thirty  and  forty  years,  62  between  forty  and  fifty  years,  25 
between  sixty  and  seventy  years,  and  8  between  seventy  and  eighty  years. 
There  was  one  over  eighty.  Seventy-one  persons  were  held  to  the  grand  jury 
at  inquests. 

County  Insane  Asylum. — Located  at  Dunning,  a  suburb  of  Chicago. 
Take  train  at  Union  depot,  Canal  and  Adams  streets.  This  institution  is  a 
large  and  costly  structure,  surrounded  by  spacious  grounds,  far  enough 
removed  from  the  city  to  make  the  location  a  quiet  and  healthful  one. 
Numerous  additions  in  the  way  of  cottage- wards  have  been  made  to  relieve 
the  over-crowded  condition  of  the  main  building.  The  current  expenses  of 
1891  were:  salaries,  $44,111.68;  supplies, repairs,  etc.,  $112,006.87.  During 
1891,  516  were  admitted,  238  discharged;  364  were  transferred  to  State 
Hospitals  for  the  insane  ;  127  died.  The  daily  average  under  treatment  in 
1891  was  983.  In  his  annual  report  for  1890  the  Superintendent  of  the  Insti- 
tution made  the  following  remarkable  and  cheerful  statement  regarding  the 
insane  and  the  prospects  of  their  recovery.  "I  would  here  call  attention  to  a 
fact,  and  that  is  where  those  that  are  insane  are  placed  under  proper  treat- 
ment in  well-arranged  hospitals  within  the  first  three  months  of  the  inception 
of  the  disease  the  chances  for  recovery  are  ?bout  as  good  as  from  any  serious 
bodily  ailment.  The  average  of  cures  when  this  class  of  disease  i.3  thus  treated 
will  range  as  high  as  60,  65  and  even  70  in  100." 

County  Jail. — Situated  in  the  rear  of  the  Criminal  Court  building, 
Michigan  st.,  between  Clark  st.  and  Dearborn  ave.,  North  Side.  Entrance 
from  Michigan  street.  Visitors  admitted  by  permission  of  the  sheriff.  The 
jail,  like  the  Criminal  Court  building,  has  long  since  ceased  to  rreet  the 
demands  made  upon  it  by  the  extraordinary  growth  of  the  city,  and  the  con- 
sequent and  natural  increase  in  the  number  of  criminals.  It  is  an  old- 
fashioned  prison,  built  after  the  manner  of  the  jails  constructed  in  the'early 
years  of  the  present  century.  It  lacks  every  modern  improvement,  and  will, 
doubtless,  soon  be  replaced  by  a  much  larger  and  a  better  structure.  The 
jail  is  connected  with  the  criminal  court  building  by  a  "  bridge  of  sighs," 
over  which  the  culprits  pass  for  trial  and  after  conviction.  Aside  from  this 
entrance,  which  is  never  used  except  by  deputy  sheriffs  and  jailers  in  dis- 
charge of  their  duties,  there  is  but  one  entrance,  and  that  is  up  a  narrow 
flight  of  steps  leading  from  the  open  court  between  the  two  buildings.  At 
the  head  of  these  steps  is  a  double  iron  gate,  where  stands  the  outer  turnkey. 
If  he  admits  you,  you  find  yourself  in  the  jail  office.  On  one  side,  as  you 
face  the  prison  entrance,  is  the  head-jailer's- room  ;  on  the  other,  the  office 
of  the  jail  clerk.  Before  going  farther,  you  must  have  a  permit.  If  you 
secure  it,  you  are  admitted  into  the  "Cage,"  an  iron-bound  arrangement 
covered  with  several  thicknesses  of  wire  netting,  through  the  meshes  of 
which  you  can  hardly  poke  your  finger.  If  you  wish  to  see  a  prisoner,  he  is 
called,  and  you  must  talk  to  him  through  this  netting.  Here  it  was  that  the 
"  Tiger  Anarchist "  Lingg  received  from  his  sweetheart  the  dynamite  cart- 
ridge which  he  exploded  in  his  mouth,  killing  himself,  the  day  before  that 
set  for  his  execution.  As  you  look  straight  in  front  of  you,  with  your  back 
to  the  j  tiler's  door,  you  will  see  the  cell  in  which  the  suicide  occurred.  It  is 


44 


GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 


on  the  ground  floor.  Along  the  same  line  of  cells  the  Anarchists  were  con- 
fined. Just  above,  on  the  next  balcony,  is  ' '  Murderers'  Row,"  from  which  a 
number  of  unfortunates  have  gone  forth  during  the  past  twenty  years  to  find 
the  gallows  waiting  for  them  on  the  other  side  of  the  cell  building.  The 
cell  balconies,  just  as  you  see  them  before  you,  four  in  number,  run  all 
around  this  interior  building.  At  the  northeast  corner  of  the  cell  building, 
the  gallows  is  always  erected,  and  here  the  Anarchists  were  hanged.  [See 
"  Haymarket  Massacre."]  There  is  nothing  of  interest  to  be  seen  inside  the 
jail,  unless  you  have  a  morbid  desire  to  witness  the  pale,  hopeless  faces  of 
the  prisoners.  There  are  four  departments:  Men's,  Women's  Boys'  and 
Debtors'. 

County  Poor  House. — Located  at  Dunning,  a  suburb  of  Chicago.  Take 
train  at  Union  depot,  Canal  and  Adams  streets.  This  institution  is  not 
remarkable  in  any  sense,  save  as  the  home  of  the  most  wretched  class  of 
paupers  of  the  county.  It  was  conducted  at  an  expense  of  $23,397  for 
salaries,  and  $86,419.79  for  supplies,  repairs,  etc.,  last  year.  The  second 
item  also  includes  expenses  of  the  County  Poor  Farm. 

Cost  of  County  Officers. — The  following  were  the  estimated  and  actual 
receipts  of  county  officers,  over  and  above  their  own  salaries,  for  1890: 


COUNTY  OFFICERS. 

Estimated 
Receipts 
for  5fear. 

Actual 
Receipts 
6  ms.  June  1. 

County  Treasurer  

$210,000  00 

$    5,641  15 

175,000  00 

92,025  92 

County  Clerk  and  Clerk  County  Court  

122,000  00 

58,432  47 

40,000  00 

27,000  55 

Clerk  Circuit  Court  

55,000  00 

32,9aO  70 

Clerk  Superior  Court              

40,000  00 

20,689  75 

Sheriff                             

25,000  00 

14,09"  72 

Clerk  Criminal  Court    

1,029  80 

Total  

$667,000  00 

$251,850  00 

Detention  Hospital  for  the  Insane. — New  building  corner  of  Wood  and 
Polk  streets,  West  Side.  Take  Ogden  avenue  cable  line.  The  accommoda- 
tions for  those  awaiting  action  of  the  court  on  their  sanity  are  much  improved 
here. 

Expenses  of  Cook  County. — Following  are  the  estimated  receipts  and  ex- 
penses of  Cook  county  (in  which  Chicago  is  situated)  for  the  year  1892.  They 
are  upon  a  basisof  avaluationof  taxable  property  to  the  amount  of  $282,676,- 
167,  of  which  $223,859,166  is  forreal  estate,  $48,795,740  for  personal  properly 
•md  $15,021,261  for  railroad  property,  The  total  amount  admits  of  reccip  s 
from  the  tax  levy  at  75  cents  on  $100  of  $2,121,075.25,  of  which  the  amount 


ti; 


CHICAGO   AS  IT  IS. 


45 


o  $1,902,071. 25 is  available  for  county  purposes, 
among  the  various  county  institutions  as  follows  : 


This  Is  to  be  distributed 


Institutions,  Etc. 

Salaries. 

Supplies, 
Etc. 

Hospital         

$  62  756 

$130.000 

Institutions  at  Dunning1  

15  580 

240,000 

Insane  Asylum  -  

55,257 

Poor  House         

23  397 

Sheriff's  Office  

219  340 

60,000 

Clerk  of  Criminal  Court  

29,750 

2,000 

County  Agent      .        

25  000 

90,0  0 

Coroner  

19  000 

1,000 

County  Board         

33  251 

Comptroller  

12,720 

8,000 

Public  Service                                  ... 

11  230 

4,000 

State's  Attorney  ....        .  . 

22,400 

5,000 

County  Attorney  

6,160 

10,0  0 

Superintendent  of  Schools  

4,100 

1.5  0 

Normal  School  

25,000 

li.OOO 

County  Physician  and  Detention  Hospital  

7,580 

7,000 

County  Clerk           . 

14  500 

Treasurer  

6,000 

Recorder  .        

12,00) 

Clerk  Circuit  Court  

7.500 

Clerk  Superior  Court           

7,500 

Clerk  Probate  Court    ..      .          ........ 

4.500 

Election  Expenses  

50,000 

Total... 

8624.521 

$6  19.500 

The  total  amount  of  the  tax  levy  is  to  be  appropriated  as  follows  : 

Salaries  and  election  expenses    $   624,521.00  I  Contingent  fund $     67,475.25 

Supplies,  repairs,  etc 6:9,500,00  |  Building  purposes 400,000  00 

Interest  and  principal  on  debt. . .  219,000.00 

Miscellaneous  purposes 190,575.00      Total $2,121,071.25 

The  estimated  receipts  from  county  officers,  over  and  above  the  salaries 
to  be  paid  out  of  these  receipts,  are  about  as  follows : 

County  treasurer $265,000  '  Clerk  Circuit  Court 90,000 

Recorder 225,000  |  Clerk  Superior  Court 70,000 


County  Clerk 175,"00 

Clerk  Probate  Court  80,UOO 

Clerk  Crim;nal  Court 2,000 

It  is  proposed  to  pay  out  of  these  resources,  which  are  outside  the  tax 
levy,  the  following  salaries  and  expenses : 


Sheriff 25,000 

Total...  $932,000 


Jurors  and  witness  fees,  etc . . $150,000 

Judges  County  and  Probate  courts    17,000 
Judges  Circuit  and  Superior  courts    63,000 

County  treasurer 183,972 

Recorder   173,830 

County  clerk 147,522 


Clerk  Circuit  Court 46,956 

Clerk  Superior  Court 37,000 

Clerk  Probate  Court 48320 

Total $867,600 


The  synopsis  of  these  figures  show  that  if  the  expenses  are  kept  within 
the  estimates  there  ought  to  be  a  surplus  of  $64,400  to  the  credit  of  the  county 
at  the  end  of  the  present  year. 

Expenses  of  Cook  County  in  Detail. — The  County  Hospital  will  cost  only 
$192,756  for  1892.  The  pay-roll  contains  141  employes,  besides  training 
school  nurses  in  twelve  wards.  The  salary  list  is  estimated  at  $62,756,  and 
the  amount  required  for  supplies  and  repairs"  is  put  at  $130,000.  The  sala- 
ries range  from  $160  to  $15  per  month. 


46  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

v 

It  will  cost  $255,580  to  run  the  office  of  general  superintendent  of  the 
county  institutions  at  Dunning,  of  which  $240,000  is  for  supplies  and  $15,580 
for  the  salary  list,  including  twenty-nine  employes.  The  general  superintend- 
ent gets  $208  a  month  and  the  stenographers  $25  each. 

The  regular  pay-roll  of  the  Insane  Asylum  is  to  include  forty-two  names 
outside  of  the  attendants.  The  estimate  provides  for  eighty-four  regular 
attendants  at  $30  a  month  each,  and  seventeen  extra  attendants,  when  required, 
at  the  same  figure.  The  total  salary  list  is  $55,257. 

The  poorhouse  salary  list  is  not  half  so  large.  There  are  sixty -five  employes 
provided  for  at  an  expense  of  $23,397.  In  both  the  asylum  and  the  poorhouse 
there  is  a  graduated  scale  of  wages  for  nurses  and  attendants,  reaching  a 
maximum  of  $25  for  poorhouse  nurses  and  of  $30  for  asylum  attendants,  after 
six  months'  service. 

The  sheriff's  office  next  receives  attention.  There  are  177  employes  said 
to  be  needed  to  run  thisoffice,  at  acos  of  $196,740.  The  chief  deputy  receives 
$208  a  month  and  the  chief  clerk  and  jailer  $166  each.  Twenty-four  deputies, 
nineteen  at  $150  and  five  county  deputies  at  $125  a  month,  draw  $41,700 
this  year,  while  twenty-five  bailiffs  of  the  Criminal  Court  and  thirty-eight 
bailiffs  of  the  other  courts,  at  $100  a  month  each,  will  receive  $75,000  by 
next  New  Year's.  Additional  help  allowed  by  the  court  for  this  year  brings 
the  total  salary  list  of  the  Sheriff's  office  up  to  $219,340.  The  supplies  for 
the  Court-House,  Jail  and  Criminal  Court  Building  will,  it  is  estimated, 
cost  $60,000. 

The  office  of  Clerk  of  the  Criminal  Court  will  cost  $2,000  for  supplies 
and  repairs  and  $29,750  for  salaries  of  twenty-two  men. 

The  salary  list  of  the  County  Agent's  office  is  placed  at  $25,000,  and  the 
amount  needed  for  repairs  and  supplies  at  $90,000.  The  Coroner's  salary 
list  is  made  $19,000,  and  the  supply  and  repair  account  $1,000. 

The  County  Board  salary  list  is  fixed  at  $33,251.  For  the  County 
Comptroller's  office  the  salary  list  is  $12,720,  and  supplies  for  Comptroller  and 
County  Board  $8,000.  The  office  of  Superintendent  of  Public  Si-rvice  will 
cost  $11,230  in  salaries  and  $4,000  for  supplies,  repairs  and  adveitisiog.  The 
State's- Attorney's  office  salary  list  is  $22,400,  divided  am- ng  the  State's- 
Attorney,  five  assistants  and  a  stenographer.  The  sum  of  $5,000  is  provided 
for  supplies. 

The  salary  list  of  the  County  Attorney's  office  is  placed  at  $6,160  and  the 
supply  and  repair  account  at  $10,000. 

For  the  County  Superintendent  of  School's  office  $4,100  is  allowed  for 
salaries  and  $1,500  for  repairs.  The  Normal  School  salary  list  is  put  at 
$25,000  and  supplies  and  repairs,  $11,000.  For  County  Physician  and  Deten- 
tion Hospital  $7,580  is  expected  to  be  needed  in  salaries  and  §7,000  in  supplies 
and  repairs. 

Judiciary  of  Cook  County. — There  is  one  county,  one  probate  and  eighteen 
judges  of  the  Superior  and  Circuit  Courts.  For  cost  of  same  see  "  Expenses 
of  Cook  County." 

Taxable  Valuation  of  Cook  County  Property. — The  total  valuation  of  all 
the  taxable  property  in  Cook  County  is  $282,676,167.  The  total  real  estate 
valuation  aggregates  $223,859,166  ;  personal  property,  $48,795,740  ;  railroad 
property,  $15,021,261. 


CHICAGO   AS  IT   IS.  47 

ELEEMOSYNARY  SUPPORT. 

The  city  of  Chicago  supports  entire  or  aids  in  the  maintenance  of  several 
eleemosynary  institutions,  charities  and  pension  funds,  as  follows: 

Erring  Woman's  Refuge  for  Reform. — Receives  a  percentage  of  certain 
fines  imposed  in  police  courts,  according  to  act  of  the  general  assembly, 
approved  March  31,  1869. 

Firemen's  Pension  Fund. — This  fund  receives  1  per  centum  of  all  reve- 
nues collected  or  received  frora  Moenses  issued  during  each  year,  according  to 
an  act  of  the  general  assembly ,  approved  May  13,  1887,  in  force  July  1, 1887, 

House  of  the  Good  Shepherd. — This  institution  also  receives  a  per  centum 
of  certain  fines  imposed  by  the  police  courts,  according  to  act  of  the  general 
assembly,  approved  March  31,  1869. 

Illinois  Humane  Society. — This  society  is  entitled  to  fines  collected 
through  the  agency  of  the  organization,  for  the  prevention  of  cruelty  to 
animals,  according  to  an  act  of  the  general  assembly,  approved  June  28, 
1885,  in  force  July  1,  1885. 

Police  Pension  Fund. — This  fund  receives  2  per  centum  of  all  moneys 
received  from  licenses  for  saloons  or  dramshops,  %  of  dog  tax,  %  of  all  mon- 
eys received  for  licenses  granted  pawnshops,  %  of  all  moneys  received  for 
licenses  granted  second-hand  dealers,  %  of  all  moneys  received  from  mon- 
eys for  licenses  granted  junk  dealers;  all  moneys  collected  for  fees  for  car- 
rying concealed  weapons;  %  of  all  costs  collected  for  violation  of  city  ordi- 
nances, according  to  an  act  of  the  general  assembly,  approved  April  29,  1887; 
in  force  July  1,  1887. 

Washingtonian  Home. — This  institution  receives  a  per  centum  of  moneys 
collected  for  saloon  licenses,  not  to  exceed  $20,000  per  annum,  according  to 
act  of  the  general  assembly,  approved  Februarv  16,  1867,  amended  by  an  act 
in  force  July  1,  1883. 

FEDERAL  REPRESENTATION. 

The  civil  authority  and  functions  of  the  Federal  government  are  repre- 
sented in  Chicago  by  the  United  States  courts — Circuit  (Walter  Q.  Gresham, 
judge)  and  District  (H.  W.  Blodgett,  judge),  and  their  officers,  including  the 
U.  S.  District  Attorney,  U.  S.  Marshal  and  U.  S.  Commissioners;  by  the  Col- 
lector of  Customs,  the  Collector  of  Internal  Revenue,  the  U.  S.  Sub-Treasurer 
and  minor  officers. 

United  States  Courts. — The  United  States  Courts  are  two  in  number,  the 
Circuit  (Judge  Walter  Q.  Gresham),  the  District  (H.  W.  Blodgett).  An  Asso- 
ciate Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States  sits  here  also  on  stated 
occasions.  The  courts  are  located  in  the  post-office  (or  government)  building; 
clerk,  W.  H.  Bradley.  The  United  Stales  Court  of  Claims  is  represented  by 
U.  S.  Comnnissioner  Hoyne,  room  53  post-office  building,  and  Simeon  W. 
King,  M.  E.  Church  block. 

V.  8.  Officers  in  Chicago. — The  United  States  officers  in  Chicago,  aside 
from  the  postmaster,  are  the  Collector  of  Customs,  Collector  of  Internal 
Revenue,  U.  S.  Sub-treasurer,  Special  Agent  U.  S.  Treasury,  U.  S. 
Appraiser,  U.  S.  District  Attorney,  U.  S.  Engineer,  U.  S.  Inspector  of  Life- 
saving  Stations.  U.  S.  Inspector  of  Steam-vessels,  Surgeon  of  U.  S.  Marine 


48  CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS. 

Hospital,  U.  8.  Marshal,  tJ.  S.  Pension  Agent,  Superintendent  of  U.  S.  Secret 
Service,  U.  S.  Signal  Officer  and  U.  S.  Lighthouse  Inspector.  The  offices  of 
all  of  these,  excepting  the  appraiser's  (210  Market  street)  and  the  U.  S.  Signal 
offices  (seventeenth  floor  of  the  Auditorium  building),  arelocated  in  the  post- 
office  building. 

FIRE  DEPARTMENT. 

The  fire  department  of  Chicago  is  generally  acknowledged  to  be  the  best 
equipped  and  most  efficient  in  the  United  States,  which  means  that  it  is  the  best 
equipped  and  most  efficient  in  the  world,  for  the  firemen  of  this  country  are 
called  upon  to  be  prepared  for  and  to  meet  emergencies  which  do  not  rise  in 
the  cities  of  Europe.  The  Chicago  corps  have  been  brought  up  to  its  present 
high  standard  of  discipline  and  efficiency  by  the  two  chief  marshals — who 
have  had  charge  of  the  department  since  the  great  fire  of  1871 — Benner  and 
Swenie.  The  former  retired  from  the  service  about  ten  years  ago,  after  re- 
organizing the  department  upon  a  basis  which  has  served  as  a  foundation  for 
the  growth  and  character  it  has  since  attained.  Marshal  Swenie  was  Mr. 
Benner's  chief  assistant,  and  was  largely  instrumental  in  suggesting  and 
carrying  out  many  of  the  reforms,  ideas  and  improvements  that  characterized 
the  latter's  administration.  Since  the  succession  of  Marshal  Swenie  the 
department  has  quadrupled  its  machinery  and  its  forces.  In  Mr.  Benner's 
time  Chicago  was  a  city  covering  an  area  of  less  than  forty  square  miles, 
with  a  population  of  about  500,000.  Now  the  city  covers  an  area  of  181 
square  miles  and  a  population  of  1,250,000.  The  following  information  will 
give  the  visitor  an  idea  of  the  strength  and  workings  of  the  fire  department: 

Alarmsand  Losses,  1S91. — There  were4,570  fire  alarmsduriug  1891  against 
3733  in  1890,  an  increase  of  837.  The  total  value  of  property  involved  was 
$115,823,005,  while  in  1890  it  was  $95,147,058,  being  an  increase  of  $20,675,- 
947.  The  total  loss  in  1891  was  $3,157,348,  while  in  1890  it  was  $2,047,736,  an 
increase  over  1890  of  $1,109,612.  The  total  insurance  was  $59,526,210  in  1891, 
and  in  1890  $44,083,330,  an  increase  of  $15,442,880  in  favor  of  1891. 

City  Telegraph  and  Electric  Lights. — The  police  and  fire  telegraph  and 
telephone  system  and  the  electric  lighting  service  are  in  charge  of  the  city 
electrician. 

Equipment  and  Force. — The  fire  department  of  Chicago  (1892)  consists 
of  970  men  and  officers,  72  steam  fire  engines,  22  chemical  fire  engines ,99  hose 
carts,  28  hook  and  ladders  trucks,  1  water  tower,  3  fire  boats  (for  river  and 
harbor  service,  and  for  work  along  the  river  sides  on  buildings,  warehouses, 
lumber  yards,  etc.,  adjacent),  99  apparatus  stations,  421  horses,  and  an 
extensive  and  well  equipped  repair  shop.  As  an  auxiliary  to  the  department 
there  are  1,935  stations,  provided  with  necessary  instruments  and  several 
thousand  miles  of  wire,  by  which  alarm  of  fire  may  be  communicated. 

Headquarters  and  Organization. — The  headquarters  of  the  Chicago  Fire 
Department  are  ^located  in  the  City  Hall.  Following  is  the  organization : 


. 

g   O 
O  U 


J   t/S 


CHICAGO    AS   IT   IS.  49 

Fire  Marshal  and  Chief  of  Brigade,  D.  J.  Swenie  ;  First  Assistant  Fire  Mar- 
shal and  Department  Inspector,  William  H.  Musham ;  Second  Assistant 
Fire  Marshal,  John  H.  Gale  ;  Department  Secretary,  Charles  S.  Petrie ; 
Fire  Inspector,  Michael  W.  Conway ;  Chiefs  of  Battalions :  1st,  Patrick 
O'Malley  ;  3d,  Frederick  I.  Ries  ;  3d,  Peter  Schnur  ;  4th,  Paul  F.  A.  Pundt ; 
5th,  John  Campion  ;  6th,  Joseph  C.  Pazen  ;  7th,  James  Heaney  ;  8th,  Leo. 
Meyers  ;  9th,  William  H.  Townsend  ;  10th,  Nicholas  Dubach  ;  llth,  John 
Fitzgerald  ;  12th,  Edward  W.  Murphy  ;  13th,  Frederick  J.  Gabriel.  Each 
Engine  and  Hook  and  Ladder  Company  is  commanded  by  a  Captain  and 
Lieutenant,  and  the  officers  and  men  of  the  99  apparatus  stations  are  divided 
into  13  Batalions,  under  command  of  the  Chiefs  mentioned  above.  [See 
"Municipal  Government  "  for  salaries.] 

Insurance  Patrol. — Established  in  1871,  by  the  underwriters  of  the  city, 
for  the  protection  of  property,  merchandise,  etc.  and  the  recovery  of  sal- 
vage from  the  interior  of  burning  buildings.  There  are  five  Fire  Patrol  sta- 
tions, as  follows:  No.  1,  176  Monroe  St..  Captain  George  Furnald,  16  men; 
No.  2,  210  Peoria  St.,  West  Side,  Captain  Charles  W.  O'Neill,  10  men;  No.  3, 
Dearborn  and  Twenty-third  sts.,  Captain  Frederick  Harbunm  7  men;  No.  4, 
Forty -third  street  and  Center  ave.,  Captain  Frank  Whitmore,  6  men;  No.  5, 
now  organizing,  will  be  located  at  No.  60  Whiting  St.,  with  a  force  of  7  men, 
E.  T.  Shepard,  Superintendent.  Patrol  Station  No.  1  is  located  on  Monroe 
St.,  between  La  Salle  street  and  Fifth  ave.,  and  is  the  most  accessible  to  visi- 
tors. The  horses  and  men  are  trained  to  perfection  and  the  operation  of 
responding  to  sa  alarm  is  one  of  the  most  interesting  things  to  be  seen  in 
Chicago.  The  Patrol  Service,  or  Salvage  Corps,  are  generally  first  at  a  fire, 
employing  fast  horses  and  light  equipment,  and  they  save  a  vast  amount  of 
property  annually. 

Location  of  Stations. — The  Engine  Houses  near  the  centre  of  the  city,  and 
within  easy  access  of  visitors,  are  located  as  follows:  No.  1,  271  Fifth  ave.., 
wholesale  district;  No.  10.  82  Pacific  ave.,  near  Board  of  Trade  and  Van 
Buren  St.  depot:  No.  13,  19  Dearborn  St.,  near  bridge;  No.  32,  foot  of  Mon- 
roe St.,  No.  37  (river  fire  boat),  foot  of  La  Salle  st.;  No.  40,  83  South  Frank- 
lin St.,  near  Telephone  building.  The  visitor,  should  an  alarm  happen  to  be 
signalled,  will  be  interested  in  the  perfect  training  and  discipline  exhibited 
by  men  and  horses. 

•  Pension  Fund. — Firemen  are  retired  on  half-pay  after  continuous  service 
of  20  years,  the  fund  for  this  purpose  beirg  established  and  maintained  by 
percentage  of  certain  municipal  revenues.  [See  Eleemosynary  Support.] 
The  firemen  also  have  a  Benevolent  Society  which  cares  for  disabled  mem- 
bers, and  the  widows  and  orphans  of  members.  It  is  in  a  prosperous 
condition. 

GENERAL  INFORMATION. 

Annexation. — On  the  28th  of  June,  1889,  the  city  embraced  about  forty- 
four  square  miles  of  territory.  On  the  day  following,  by  vote  of  the  people, 
the  city  of  Lake  View  and  the  towns  of  Hyde  Park,  Lake,  Jefferson  and 
Cicero,  aggregating  128.24  square  miles  of  territory  and  about  220,000  people, 
were  annexed  to  and  became  part  of  Chicago,  thus  constituting  one  great 


50 


GUIDE    TO    CHICAGO. 


metropolis,  extending  twenty-four  miles  from  north  to  south,  and  from  four 
and  one-half  to  ten  and  one-half  miles  firm  east  to  west.  The  validity  of 
the  proceedings  resulting  in  the  annexation  was  confirmed  by  the  Supreme 
Court,  October  29,  1889.  By  this  extraordinary  consolidation,  six  independ- 
ent municipal  corporations — each  having  a  legislative  and  executive  depart- 
ment of  government,  each  controlled  and  operated  under  more  or  less 
different  systems  and  methods  of  conducting  public  affairs — were  merged 
into  one  municipality,  under  the  authority  and  control  of  one  city  govern- 
ment. During  the  year  1890,  there  were  annexed  to  the  city  four 
suburbs — South  Englewood,  area,  292  square  miles,  population  8,000; 
Gano,  1.80  square  miles,  population  2,600;  Washington  Heights,  2.8  square 
miles,  population  3,315;  West  Roseland,  1.80  square  miles,  population  792; 
making  a  total  annexation  for  the  year  of  9.32  square  miles,  withapopu- 
lation  of  9,900.  Fernwood  was  also  added. 

Area  of  Chicago. — Chicago  has  grown  from  2.55  square  miles  in  1835  to 
181.70  square  miles  in  1891,  as  follows: 


SQUARK  MILES. 

February  11,  1835,  original  town    

8.15  mak  ng 
3.33  making 
8  9  )  making 

2.65 
10.7J 
14.('3 
17.93 
24.41 
35.79 
36.79 
43.94 
172.18 
174.18 
177.16 
179.96 
181.70 

March  4,  1837,  there  was  added  

February  16,  184",  there  was  added  

February  12,  1853,  there  was  added  

February  13,  1863,  there  was  added.  

6.48  making 
11.35  making 
1.00  making 
7.15  making 
128.24  making 
2.00  making 
?.98  making 
2.80  making 
1.80  making 

February  27  1864,  there  was  added  

May  16,  1887,  there  was  added  

November  and  December  5,  1887,  thei  e  was  added  

July  £9  1889  there  was  added              

April  16,  1890  village  of  G:<no  added  

1890  South  Englewood  added        

1890,  Washington  Heights  

189:>.  West  Ko.-eland  .  .  . 

Of  the  present  area  5.14  square  miles  are  water,  176.56  land, 
is  divided  into  34  wards,  each  covering  a  territory  as  follows: 

First  ward  1.75  square  miles 

Second  ward 1.5  square  miles 

Third  ward 1.5  square  miles 

Fourth  ward 1.75  square  miles 

Fifth  ward 1.5  square  miles 

Sixth  ward  2.75  square  miles 

Seventh  ward 0.75  square  mile 

Eighth  ward 0.75  square  mile 

Ninth  ward 1.5  square  miles 

Tenth  ward  1.5  square  miles 

Eleventh  ward 1.25  square  miles 

Twelfth  ward 3.00  square  miles 

Thirteenth  ward 3.00  square  miles 

Fourteenth  ward 3.00  square  miles 

Fifteenth  ward 3.25  square  miles 

Sixteenth  ward 0.75  square  mile 

Seventeenth  ward 0.75  square  mile 


The  city 


Eighteenth  ward 0.75  square  mile 

Nineteenth  ward 0.75  square  mile 

Twentieth  ward 1 .00  square  mile 

Twenty-first  ward.    . . .  1.00  square  mile 
Twenty-second  ward.. 0.75  square  mile 

Twenty-third  ward 0.75  square  mile 

Twenty -fourth  ward.  .1.00  square  mile 

Twenty-fifth  ward 5.00  square  miles 

Twenty-sixth  ward. . .  5.75  square  miles 
Twenty-seventh  ward. 29.5  square  miles 
Twenty-eighth  ward.  ..7.00  square  miles 
Twenty-ninth  ward — 6.00  square  miles 

Thirtieth  ward 12.00  square  miles 

Thirty-first  ward 18.00  square  miles 

Thirty-second  ward .  .  .3.75  square  miles 

Thirty-third  ward 28.5  square  miles 

Thirty-fourth  ward.  ..2V.OO  square  miles 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  JS.  51 

Bridewell,  or  House  of  Correction. — This  is  the  city  prison  and  is  generally 
known  as  the  Bridewell,  a  name  which  it  derived  from  the  Bridewell  of  Dub- 
lin, Ireland,  to  which  it  bears  a  similarity  in  many  respects.  The  manage- 
ment is  vested  in  a  superintendent,  appointed  by  the  mayor.  The  expendi- 
tures for  salaries  and  maintenance  and  construction  are  about  $125, 000  per 
annum;  the  receipts  from  police  court  fines,  brick  made  by  inmates  inside  the 
walls,  labor  of  prisoners,  laundry  work  for  police  department,  etc.,  amounts 
to  about  $60,000  per  annum.  The  number  of  prisoners  committed  to  the 
Bridewell  annually  is  about  9,000,  of  whom  about  seven-eighths  are  male. 
The  average  number  of  prisoners  confined  is  about  760  males  and  40  females. 
The  cost  of  the  prison  to  the  city  of  Chicago,  as  it  stands  to-day,  is  about 
$1,500,000.  The  prisoners  are  employed  in  brick-making  and  other  indus- 
tries. County  prisoners  are  also  sent  here,  for  whose  support  the  city  is  paid 
about  30  cents  per  capita  daily.  The  Bridewell  is  situated  at  South  Califor- 
nia avenue,  near  West  Twenty-sixth-street,  West  Side,  and  may  be  reached 
by  Blue  Island  Avenue  cars.  Mark  L.  Crawford  is  the  superintendent. 

Bridges  and  Viaducts. — As  the  Chicago  river  is  navigable  for  lake  vessels, 
and  it,  with  its  branches,  intersects  the  heart  of  the  city,  a  large  number  of 
bridges  have  been  required.  No  less  than  forty-five  now  span  this  small 
stream.  Nearly  all  are  swinging  bridges,  and  many  of  them  are  operated  by 
steam.  Steel  construction  has  been  employed  in  the  bridges  most  recently 
erected.  Among  these,  the  Adams  street  bridge  is  a  notable  structure.  It  is 
a  4-track  bridge,  259  feet  long  on  center  truss,  and  57  feet  in  width.  Thia 
bridge  is  two  feet  three  inches  lower  at  the  east  end  than  at  the  west  end,  and, 
at  the  same  time  is  reversible,  the  turn-table  track  being  set  on  a  grade  of  one 
in  115.  Some  doubts  were  expressed  as  to  its  feasibility  when  the  plan  was 
proposed,  but  the  city  engineers  say  that  no  bridge  in  the  city  works  better 
than  this  one.  The  Rush  street  draw  is  one  of  the  longest  in  the  world.  The 
Lake,  Wells  and  Jackson  street  bridges  are  handsome  structures.  The  present 
bridge  at  Madison  street  is  to  be  moved  to  Washington  street,  and  one  of  the 
finest  bridges  in  the  city  erected  in  its  place,  which  will  probably  be  com- 
pleted this  year. 

The  railroads  entering  the  city  do  so  in  but  few  instances  above  or  below 
the  street  l^vel.  Grade-crossings  are  the  rule.  Engineers  have  long  sought 
to  remedy  this  state  of  affairs,  which  will  probably  be  accomplished  in  time; 
but,  meanwhile,  some  relier  is  being  provided  at  the  most  dangerous  crossings 
by  the  erection  of  viaducts.  There  are  thirty-five  of  these  structures  in  the 
city,  the  longest  and  finest  of  which  is  on  Twelfth  street,  extending  from 
Clark  street  to  Wabash  avenue,  crossing  the  tracks  of  the  Atchison,  Topeka 
and  Santa  Fe  Railroad  Company,  and  costing  $209,736. 

Geographical  Center  of  Chicago. — The  geographical  center  of  the  present 
city  of  Chicago  is  located  at  the  intersection  of  Ashland  avenue  and  Thirty- 
ninth  street. 

Health  of  the  City. — There  was  not  a  single  case  of  small-pox  in  Chicago 
during  the  year  1891.  The  physician  of  the  Health  Department  during  that 
period  vaccinated  20,809  persons.  The  vital  statistics  for  1890  were  based 
upon  a  population  of  1,100,000.  During  the  present  year  they  are  based 
upon  a  population  of  1,250,000.  Said  Health  Commissioner  Ware,  at  the 
beginning  of  1892  :  "The  health  of  the  city  has  been  good  and  very  satisfac. 


52  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

tory  to  us.  Our  mortality  for  every  month  of  the  year  was  remarkably  low." 
The  report  of  the  Health  Department  for  1891  shows  that  there  were  27,754 
deaths  In  the  city  during  the  year,  making  a  percentage,  based  upon  a  popula- 
tion of  1,250,000,  of  22.20  per  1,000.  Of  the  deaths  12,801  were  children  under 
five  years  of  age,  a  percentage  of  46.29 ;  and  5  over  one  hundred  years.  The 
grippe  directly  caused  but  336  deaths,  but  pneumonia  and  other  complica- 
tions with  the  deadly  influenza  swelled  the  number  of  victims  of  this  class  of 
diseases.  Pneumonia  carried  off  2,898  ;  consumption  2.120 ;  bronchitis,  1,495; 
typhoid  fever,  1,997  ;  accidents,  1,158  ;  diphtheria,  958  ;  croup,  400  ;  scarlet 
fever,  499;  malarial  fever,  143;  whooping  cough,  194;  suicide,  246; 
delirium  tremens,  148  ;  hydrophobia,  4.  The  total  deaths  from  tubercular 
diseases  was  2,421. 

Lake  and  River  Frontage. — The  city  has  a  frontage  on  Lake  Michigan  of 
twenty-two  miles  and  a  river  frontage  of  about  fifty-eight  miles,  twenty- 
two  and  one-half  miles  of  which  are  navigable. 

Lakes  and  Rivers. — There  are  three  lakes  within  the  present  city  limits 
containing  an  area  of  4,095.6  acres,  as  follows:  Calumet  Lake  3122  acres,  Hyde 
Lake  330.8  acres,  the  portion  of  Wolf  Lake  lying  within  the  city  limits  642.8 
acres.  Of  these  Calumet  and  Wolf  are  navigable.  There  are  two  rivers  within 
the  corporate  limits;  the  Chicago  river,  with  north  and  south  branches,  which 
divide  the  city  into  districts  known,  respectively,  as  the  North,  South  and 
West  "  Divisions"  or  "  Sides"— and  the  Calumet  river,  with  Big  and  Little 
Calumet  rivers,  which  penetrate  the  extreme  southern  part  of  the  city. 

Length  and  Width  of  Chicago. — The  distance  between  north  Seventy -first 
street,  being  the  northern  city  limits,  and  One  Hundred  and  Thirty-ninth 
street,  being  the  southern  city  limits,  is  twenty-four  miles.  The  city  at  its 
broadest  point  is  10.5  miles  in  width.  State  street  has  the  greatest  extension 
north  and  south,  running  from  North  avenue  to  the  southern  city  limits, 
eighteen  miles;  Eighty-seventh  the  greatest  western  extension,  running  the 
entire  width  of  the  city. 

Marriage  Licenses. — The  number  of  licenses  issued  in  Chicago  in  1891  was 
15,400,  or  nearly  1,200  more  than  issued  in  the  previous  year,  when  12,850 
was  considered  a  high  number.  In  January,  1,258  licenses  were  issued;  Feb- 
ruary showed  927  licenses;  March,  893;  April,  1,369;  May,  1,284;  June,  1,441; 
July,  1085;  August,  1,206;  September,  1,532;  October,  1,613;  November,  1,513; 
December,  1,250.  The  rather  delicate  and  sometimes  embarrassing  question 
regarding  the  ages  of  the  contracting  parties  was  answered  with  all  the  num- 
bers from  14  to  86.  In  twenty  instances  the  bride  had  just  passed  14  years, 
while  the  ages  of  the  grooms  ranged  between  17  and  20  years.  During  the 
summer  months  the  number  of  applicants  under  the  age  of  majority  reached 
300.  At  an  average  of  two  times  a  day  the  "pa"  or  the  "  ma"  had  to  give 
their  consent.  Never  in  the  history  of  Chicago  have  so  many  people  in  their 
advanced  age  re-entered  the  connubial  life  as  in  the  latter  part  of  1891,  the 
records  showing  nearly  100  couples  respectively  between  55-65  and  50-60. 
The  oldest  man  was  86  and  is  still  alive;  next  comes  one  at  82,  manied  a  few 
days  ago,  and  finally  a  comparatively  young  fellow  of  77.  The  oldest  maid 
was  68V  while  the  oldest  widow  was  62. 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  IS. 


53 


Mileage  of  Streets. — The  annexation  of  Gano,  Washington  Heights,  West 
Roseland  and  part  of  Calumet,  has  extended  the  number  of  miles  of  streets  in 
Chicago  to  2,235.71,  divided  as  follows: 


IMPROVED. 

UNIMPROVED 

Former  City  ot  Chicago      

438  28 

33080 

Hyde  Park         

125  07 

416  87 

40  09 

298  00 

Like  View          

56  05 

75  48 

Jefferson  

24?.28 

Cicero    

84.79 

Gano,  Washington  Heights,  etc  

119  00 

Totals  

668.49 

1,567  22 

Morgue. — Situated  in  the  rear  of  the  County  Hospital,  near  the  Polk 
street  side.  Take  Harrison  street  or  Ogden  avenue  car.  Ten  bodies,  on  an 
average,  are  picked  up  in  the  streets  of  Chicago  every  day.  Besides  these, 
morgue  accommodations  are  necessary  for  many  of  those  who  die  in"  the 
county  and  other  hospitals,  police  stations,  etc.  The  inside  measures  40x46J^ 
feet,  and  the  entire  affair,  with  offices,  etc.,  cost  about  $18,000.  All  bodies 
are  disinfected  and  frozen  by  the  carbolic  acid  process  before  being  placed  on 
view. 

Natural  Gas  Supply. — Natural  gas  for  fuel  purposes  will  be  conveyed  to 
and  used  in  Chicago  extensively  before  the  close  of  1892. 

Poverty  in  C7w'c#y3.— Notwithstanding  the  great  prosperity  of  the  people 
as  a  whole,  poverty  is  to  be  found  in  Chicago  as  well  as  elsewhere.  Mu- 
nicipal charity  in  Chicago  has  risen  to  the  dignity  of  an  applied  science. 
Through  the  refuse  of  alleys,  up  the  trembling  stairs  of  tenements,  and  into 
the  hovels  of  want  and  misery  a  force  of  men  and  women  daily  goes, 
carrying  food  for  the  hungry,  warm  clothing  for  the  naked,  coals  for  the 
needy,  and  medicine  for  the  sick.  From  November  until  April,  Cook 
County  gives  away  200  sacks  of  flour,  forty  pairs  of  shoes,  and  fifty  tons  of 
coal  every  day.  Relief  of  the  deserving  poor  involves  not  alone  the  dis- 
covery and  proper  aid  of  the  unfortunates,  but  is  attended  with  a  constant 
warfare  against  the  idle  and  vicious.  Agents  of  the  Visitation  and  Aid 
society,  the  Relief  and  Aid  society,  the  German  Aid  society,  the  Hebrew  Aid 
society,  and  St.  Vincentde  Paul's  daily  seek  the  sick  and  needy,  but  their  work 
is  only  of  a  semi-public  nature.  From  the  office  of  the  county  agent,  at  36 
West  Madison  street,  there  are  sent  twenty-seven  men  and  three  women,  who 
investigate  the  condition  of  those  reported  to  be  in  want  and  who,  by  reason 
of  their  familiarity  with  neighborhoods  and  individuals,  are  able  to  insure  a 
wise  bestowal  of  public  charity. 

Revenues  and  Disbursements  of  the  City  for  1801. — The  following  shows 
in  detail  the  revenues  and  disbursements  of  the  city  of  Chicago  for  the  year 
ending  December  31,  1891,  as  reported  by  the  city  treasurer.  RECEIPTS: 
balance  January  1, 1891,  $567,555;  general  taxes,1890,"  $9,199, 796;  water  fund, 
$4,456,286;  sewerage  fund,  1891,  $171,733;  department  publishing  works' 
1891,  $692,897;  school  tax  fund,  1890,  $15,000;  school  tax  fund,  1891,  " 


54  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

643;  street  lamp  fund,  1891,  $97,855;  first  district  police  court,  $27,692;  sec- 
ond district  police  court,  $7,1.  JJ-  third  district  police  court,  $11,093;  fourth 
district  police  court,  $6,247;  fiftli  district  police  court,  $5,943;  sixth  district 
police  court,  $5,131;  seventh  district  police  court,  $4,343;  eighth  district 
police  court,  $3,225;  ninth  district  police  court,  $2,828;  tenth  district  police 
court,  $2,924;  special  assessments  and  deposit  fund,  $6,407,394;  school  fund, 
'$2,400,440;  house  of  correction,  1891,  $01,812;  city  markets,  4,792;  pounds, 
$3,556;  wharfing  interests,  $1,219;  Jonathan  Burr  fund,  $1,722;  general 
fund,  1891,  $1,474,805;  licenses,  $3,882,453;  rents,  $27,495;  refunding  loan 
account,  $690,700;  police  department,  fund  1891,  $31,294;  fire  department 
fund,  1891,  $6,755;  public  library  fund,  1891,  $6,928;  health  department  fund, 
1891,  $161;  contingent  fund,  1891,  $3;  fees,  $1,550;  Harrison  and  Tree  fund, 
$48;  tax  deeds  in  1873,  $63;  special  tax  purchases  in  1878,  $6;  tax  purchases 
in  1875,  $34;  tax  purchases  in  1887,  $70;  forfeitures,  1889  and  prior,  $259; 
police  life  and  health  insurance  fund,  $200— $29,550,560,  tolal,  $30,118,115. 
DISBURSEMENTS:  Special  assessments  and  deposit  fund,  $6,214,880;  water 
fund,  $3,888,043-  school  fund,  $2,399,220;  general  fund,  1889,  $10,264;  gen- 
eral fund,  1890,  $5,222;  general  fund  189i,  $1,932,960;  fire  fund,  1890,  $17,950; 
fire  fund,  1891,  $1,380,109;  police  fund,  1890,  $2,511;  police  fund,  1891, 
$2,621,182';  house  of  correction,  1890,  $653;  house  of  correction,  1891,  $92,- 
504;  health  department,  1890,  $3,361;  healthdepartment  1891,  $454,276;  school 
tax,  1890,  $23,479;  school  tax,  1891,  $4,264,016;  public  library,  1890,  $2,499; 
public  library,  1891,  $100,500;  street  lamps,  1890,  $3,841;  street  lamps,  1891, 
$761,223;  sewerage,  1890,  $17,864;  sewerage,  1891,  $546,874;  department  of 
public  works,  1890,409,203;  department  of  public  works,  1891,  $2,319,471; 
contingent,  1890,  $583,  contingent,  1891,  17,239,  Jonathan  Burr,  $1,726; 
police  life  and  health,  $421;  interest  account,  1891,  $546,438;  Chicago  and 
south  side  "L"  railway,  $100,000;  Town  of  Lake,  special,  $1,052.  Town  of 
Lake,  general,  $117;  Hyde  Park,  special,  $2,540;  Hyde  Park,  general,  $52; 
Lake  View,  special,  $672;  Lake  View,  general,  $29;  Jefferson,  special,  $26; 
general  sinking  fund,  $50;  school  tax  annexed  territory,  $27.  Total,  $28,- 
149,393;  balance  in  treasury  December  31,  1891,  $1,968,722.  Total,  $30,118,- 
115. 

Tenement  House  and  Factory  Inspection. — During  1891  the  Tenement 
House  and  Factory  Inspection  Department  examined  8,731  new  buildings 
in  course  of  construction;  15,577  buildings  and  houses,  containing  95,261  per- 
sons; 19,429  workshops  with  404,760  employes;  served  9,702  notices;  abated 
9,134  nuisances;  2,162  cases  of  defective  plumbing,  and  711  cases  of  defective 
drainage. 

Topography  of  Chicago. — The  city  of  Chicago  is  level  but  not  flat.  There 
are  considerable  rises  here  and  there,  the  most  noticeable  being  the  ridge 
which  traverses  the  southern  portion,  west  of  Hyde  Park,  to  the  Indiana  line. 
All  difficulties  in  the  way  of  sewering  have  been  overcome  long  since  by  skill- 
ful engineering.  The  Chicago  river  which  originally  emptied  into,  now  flows 
out  of  the  lake.  The  sewerage  is  carried  by  the  river,  in  great  part,  to  a  canal 
which  conducts  it  through  the  interior.  It  finally  finds  its  way  into  the  Illi- 
nois and  Mississippi  rivers.  The  drainage  of  the  city  is  an  interesting  subject, 
and  the  plans  for  future  work  in  this  connection  are  of  great  magnitude  and 
involve  the  expenditure  of  many  millions.  [See  "Ship  and  Drainage 
Canals,"  with  map.] 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  IS. 


55 


Uniting  Gity  and  County. — The  question  of  unitfng  the  city  of  Chicago 
and  the  county  of  Cook  under  one  government,  is  being  seriously  considered 
at  present.  A  constitutional  amendment  with  this  end  in  view  will  probably 
be  submitted  to  a  vote  of  the  people  at  the  next  general  election  in  1892. 

Water  Supply. — The  city,  at  present,  is  supplied  with  22  pumping  engines 
of  various  types  and  power,  representing  a  total  engine  capacity  for  delivering 
daily  260.000,000  gallons  of  water.  From  measurements  obtained,  there  was 
pumped  during  the  year  a  daily  average  of  over  154,000,000  gallons,  which  is 
nearly  60  per  cent,  of  the  total  capacity  of  the  pumping  power  of  the  engines 
now  in  use.  [See  "  Water  Works."] 

JOBBING  AND  WHOLESALE  BUSINESS. 

The  jobbing  and  wholesale  business  of  Chicago  amounted  to  $517,166,000 
in  1891.  Of  this,  the  dry  goods  trade  alone  amounted  to  $98,416,000  or 
nearly  one-fifth.  The  following  statement  exhibits  the  business  transacted  in 
the  various  lines  of  trade,  compared  with  previous  years: 


1891. 

1890. 

Dry  Goods  and  Carpets  ,  

8  68.416,000 

$93,730,000 

Groceries  .... 

56,iOO,000 

56,700,000 

Lumber  

39,000,OdO 

36,900,000 

Manufactured  Iron  

1  7.  Oft  V  00 

15,580,0(  0 

Clothing  .         

23,600,1  00 

21,500000 

Boots  and  Shoes  

27,v  0,OCO 

25,900,000 

Drugs  and  Chemicals  

7,600,000 

7,100,000 

Crockery  and  Glassware  

6,000.0(0 

5,500,000 

Hats  and  Caps  

8,000,000 

7,000,000 

Millinery  .  ... 

7,000,000 

7,000  (X  0 

Tobacco  and  Cigars  

11,  500,'  00 

10,850,000 

Fresh  and  Salt  Fish,  Oysters  and  Salmon  .  .  . 

5,500,(>CO 

5,460,000 

Oils  

4/00,000 

4,000,000 

Dried  Fruits  

4,300,'  00 

4.300.000 

Building  Materials  

4,500,000 

4,4fi8,000 

Furs  ,  

1.750,000 

I,500,0f0 

Carriages  

2,000,000 

1,850,000 

Pianos,  Organs  and  Musical  Instruments  

7,800,000 

7,300,000 

Music-books  and  Sheet  Music  

625,0(10 

575,000 

Books,  Stationery  and  Wall  Paper           .     .    . 

22  000,000 

22,000,(  0  ) 

Paper  

2S,()i  0,OCO 

25,500000 

Paper  Stock  

5,500,000 

5,000,000 

Pig  Iron  

20,500,(00 

20,035,000 

Coal  

26,000,'  00 

25,d75,0<  0 

Hardware  and  Cutlery  

l'J,225,000 

17,500,000 

Wooden  and  Willow  Ware 

3/00,000 

3  t6J  (00 

Liquors 

15.000,0(0 

13  8(  0  000 

.Tewelrv,  Watches  and  Diamonds  

25,000,0'  0 

20,400,000 

Leather  and  Finding's  

2.750,000 

2,520,000 

Pig  Lead  and  Copper  

6,000  000 

6,666,00:) 

Iron  Ore    

4,500.'  (X) 

4,00(1,000 

Miscellaneous  

6,0i  0,000 

5,035,000 

Totals  

S")17    C6  000 

8186,600,000 

Total  in  1°90.. 
Total  in  1389.. 


$486,600,001 
.  418,165,000 


GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 


Export  Trade  of  Chicago. — The  following  is  the  merchandise  entered  for 
export,  with  benefit  of  drawback,  at  the  port  of  Chicago  during  the  year  1891. 


PACKAGES  AND  CONTENTS 

QUANTITY. 

ARTICLES  AND  QUANTITIES 
ENTITLED  TO  DRAWBACK. 

AMO'NT  OF 
DRAWB'K. 

89  \676  packages  canned  meats.  •  • 
1  7,446  packages  salted  meats  — 
16,075  baled  binder  twine  

54,877,719  Ibs 
21,224,44  i  Ibs 
1,128,468  Ibs 

Tinplate  8,735,992  Ibs 

$89,93!.  81 
4,0  .'0.45 
7,693.76 

$101  ,64-,.  02 

Salt  4,808,475  Ibs 

Hemp  1,128,468  Ibs 

Total  



Import  Trade  of  Chicago.  —  Following  is  a  list  of  the  merchandise  imported 
to  Chicago  during  the  year  1891. 

COMMODITIES. 

QUANTITIES. 

COMMODITIES. 

QUANTITIES. 

Ale,  beer,  and  porter,  pkgs 

4,284 

Lemons,  pkgs  

15  010 

Art  material,  pkgs  

22  "i 

Lumber,  m  

16.S69 

Anvils  No 

1,643 

Machinery,  pkgs  

255 

B°ans  and  peas,  bag's.  .  .  . 

2,411 

Macaroni,  pKgd.        

6,4  i  9 

Berries,  brls  

2,384 

Marble  and  granite,  pkgs.  .  . 

2,215 

Bedsteads,  pkgs    ...        

6,873 

Marble  Slabs,  No  

22,641 

Uicycles,  pkgs  

510 

Mf  .  Metal,  cases  

2,082 

Bittors,  cases  

H2 

Millinery,  cases      

991 

Bleaching  powder,  pkgs    

673 

Musical  goods,  cases  

2,345 

600 

Nuts,  pkgs                

6  i>32 

Buttles,  empty,  pkgs  

1,001 

Olive  oil,  pkgs  

2,246 

Brandy,  liquors,  pkgs.  

5,739 

Oxide  of  iron,  tons.  

tsjt 

Bricks,  casks  .  .           ... 

7.118 

Paints  and  color  ^,  pkgs  

2,018 

Caustic  soda  pko's 

3,968 

Paintings  cases  

i55 

Canned  goods,  csises 

6,150 

Paper,  pkgs.     

1,266 

Cement,  pkgs  

17,668 

Phosphate,  cars  

il 

Champagne,  cases    

2,978 

Pickles,  pkgs  

3,553 

Cheese,  pkgs 

974 

Posts,  Cedar,  No        

258,  ?«  0 

China,  pkgs  

1,765 

Plants  and  bulbs,  cases.  .  .  . 

963 

Cocoanut  oil,  pipes  

170 

Potash,  pkgs    

472 

Cocoa,  pkgs  

8,172 

Prunes,  pkgs    

4,420 

Cigars,  cases 

1,906 

Raisins,  pkgs.  

27,940 

Cotfee,  bags  

5,289 

Rice,  bags  

19,906 

Corkwood,  bales 

3,679 

Salt   sacks                   .   . 

149,4S1 

Currants,  pkgs  

2,000 

Sausage  Csgs.,  pkgs  

326 

Cutlery,  pkgs 

119 

2,0^8 

Dry  goods,  pkgs  

17,649 

Skins,  pkgs    

440 

Druggist  sundries,  pkgs  

1,500 

Soda  Ash,  pkgs  

2,346 

Ext.  of  meat,  cases  

190 

Stat'ry  and  Brnzs,  pkgs  .  . 

2^3 

Effects,  pkgs  ,      .         

663 

Smokers  articles,  cases  

1,385 

Earthenware,  pkgs  

16,572 

Sugar  refined,  brls  

83.590 

Feathers,  bales        

?<71 

Sugar,  Maple,  pkgs  

1,978 

Figs  and  dates,  pkgs  

13,763 

Tar  and  Pitch,  pkgs  

2,653 

Firearms,  pkgs..  

129 

Tea,  pkgs  

241,727 

Fish,  pkgs  

52,070 

Ties  Railroad,  No    

113.620 

Fullers  earth,  bags. 

3,744 

Tiles   pkgs  

1,199 

Furniture,  pkgs  

V30 

Tinplate,  boxes  

330,702 

Gin,  pkgs  

2,763 

Tobacco,  bales      ... 

4,827 

Glass,  window,  pkgs  

2,730 

Toys,  cases  

1,187 

Glassware,  pkgs 

56J 

Type  metal,  pigs. 

4,874 

Glue,  pkgs  

118 

Water,  Mineral,  pkgs.... 

635 

Grease,  pkgs      ..                .... 

775 

Whisky,  pkgs. 

3,739 

Hardware,  pkgs  

5K5 

Wine,  pkgs  

16,992 

Instruments,  scientific,  cases 

153 

Wire  rope,  coils    

62 

Japan,  goods  pk^s 

3,610 

Wood  Mfd,  pko-s 

1,987 

Iron  and  steel,  mfd.,  pkgs.  .  .  . 

2,148 

Miscellaneous,  pkgs  

303 

Jewelers'  sundries,  pkgs  

232 

[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company."] 

THE  INDIAN  GROUP,  LINCOLN  PARK. 

[See  "Lincoln  Park."] 


CHICAGO   AS   IT  IS. 


57 


Iron  and  Steel  Market.— During  the  last  few  years  a  large  number  of 
manufacturers,  who  use  large  quantities  of  iron  and  steel,  have  been  located 
In  Chicago,  and  the  home  consumption  of  this  material  is  probably  the  largest 
of  any  point  in  the  United  States;  besides  this,  the  Chicago  jobbers  have  sold 
an  unusually  large  tonnage  for  shipment  to  all  points  in  the  west  and  north- 
west, so  that  it  must  be  conceded  that  Chicago  takes  first  place  in  the  United 
States  as  an  iron  and  steel  market,  it  being  well  known  that  whenever  manu- 
facturers are  overstocked  with  any  material  in  this  line,  they  usually  come  to 
Chicago  to  dispose  of  their  surplus. 

MANUFACTURES  OF  CHICAGO. 

The  manufactures  of  Chicago  keep  pace  with  the  growth  of  population 
and  commerce.  There  were  3.307  manufacturing  firms  in  this  Jty  in  1891, 
against  3,250  in  1890;  the  capital  employed  iu  manufactures  in  1891  was  $210,- 
302,000,  against  $190, 000,000  in  1890,  the  number  of  workers  employed  in 
manufacturing  in  Chicago  in  1891  was  180,870,  against  177,500  in  1890;  the 
wages  paid  by  manufacturers  in  1891  amounted  to  $104,904,000  against  $96,- 
200,000,  in  1890,  and  the  value  of  the  product  of  Chicago  manufactories  in 
1891  was  $567,012,300,  against  $538,000,000,  in  1890. 

Brewing,  Distilling  and  Tobacco. 


INDUSTRIES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WKRS. 

PRODUCT. 

Breweries    •  

42 

$11  500,000 

2000 

$13  200  000 

Malthousc'S    .          

34 

4,000,000 

700 

5  500  000 

Distillers  and  Rectifiers                .  .  . 

84 

5  250  000 

1,000 

15  736  (100 

Tobacco  and  snuff  

23 

-iHK),roo 

900 

3,040'0()0 

Cigars  and  cigarettes  

930 

1,750,000 

2,600 

8  100000 

Totals  

1,163 

$23,400,000 

7,2TO 

$45,576,000 

Totals  1890  

1,160 

25,160,000 

7,050 

44  787  000 

The  amount  paid  in  wages  is  estimated  at  $4,380,000,  against  $4,368,000 
for  1890. 

Brass,  Copper,  etc. — The  following  table  exhibits  the  manufactures  in 
brass,  copper,  etc.,  in  Chicago,  for  the  year  1891: 


INDUSTRIES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

Brass,  copper  and  plumbers1  supplies  — 
Tin,  stamped,  and  sheet  metal  ware  
Jewelry  manufactures  

28 
34 
24 

$  1,500,000 
3,000,000 
1000000 

1,700 
2,800 
600 

$  3000,000 
7,475,000 
2  500  COO 

10 

750  000 

300 

1  500  00() 

Optical  goods  

2 

250  000 

70 

500000 

Telegraph  and  elfctric  supplies        

7 

1,470  000 

2  050 

3  660  000 

Smelting  and  refining  

4 

S,450  000 

750 

23  607  UOO 

Iron  and  brass  works  

6 

2iO,COO 

250 

500,030 

Miscellaneous  

38 

650,000 

820 

2,800,000 

Totals  

153 

$11,270000 

9  340 

$45  543  000 

Totals,  1890  

141 

8,260  000 

9  185 

46  420000 

The  estimated  amount  of  wages  paid  in- 1891  is  $6,065,000.  as  against 
$5, 750,000  for  1890. 


58 


GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 


Brick,  Stone,  etc. — The  estimates  of  the  manufactures  in  brick,  stone,  etc., 
in  Chicago,  for  1891,  were: 

INDUSTRIFS. 


Brickyards 

Cut  Stone  Contractors 

Marble  and  Granite  Works. 

Gravel  Roofers 

Lime  Kilns    

Terra  Cotta 

Stained  Glass  Factories 


Totals 

Totals,  1890 

The  amount  of  wages  estimated  to  have  been  paid  in  1891  was  $3,8bO,UJO 
against  $3,209,000  in  1890. 

Iron  and  Wood.—  Following  are  the  estimates  of  the  combined  wood  and 
iron  manufactures  of  Chicago  for  the  year  1891: 


No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

68 
65 
32 
30 
6 
1 
10 

83,600,000 
1,525,000 
1,0:-:0,000 
225,000 
225,000 
300,0'  0 
300,000 

3,785 
1,600 
750 
501 
370 
500 
350 

$  3,8^6,000 
2,000,000 
1,800/00 
1,150,000 
450,000 
600,000 
90  ,000 

212 
214 

$7,205,000 
5,680,000 

7,855 
7,520 

$10,726,000 
12,600,000 

INDUSTRIES. 

No.       CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

Wagons  and  Carriages  

70 
5 
4 
6 
5 

$  2,000,000 
7,150,000 
6,400,000 
1,675,000 
700,000 

2,000 

5,6  ;& 

8,000 
850 
250 

$  4,000,000 
15,950,aH) 
17,350,000 
3,000,000 
800,000 

Agricultural  Implements         

Car  and  Bridge  Builders  

Elevators  

Sewing  Machines  and  Cases    

« 
Totals  

90 
92 

$17,925,000 
13,700,000 

16,725 
15,200 

$41,100,000 
42,000,000 

Totals  1890  

The  wages  of  the  year  are  estimated  at  $12,575,000,  as  compared  with 
$13,000,000  for  the  previous  year. 

Chemicals. — The  manufacture  of  chemicals  in  Chicago  for  the  year  1891, 
was  estimated  as  follows: 


INDUSTRIES. 


Chemical  works . .    

White  lead  and  paint 

White  lead  corroders 

Varnish 

Axle  grease 

Glue  fertilizers,  etc 

Soap  

Candles 

Linseed  oil  and  cake 

Soda,  mineral  waters,  etc 
Ink,  sealing  wax,  etc 


Totals. 
Totals  1890.. 


No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORK- 
ERS. 

PRODUCT. 

6 

$     700,000 

250 

$1.750.000 

20 

1,500,000 

500 

4,400.000 

2 

1,750,000 

125 

2,1  00,000 

8 

1,200,000 

15(1 

1,300,000 

1 

3,00,000 

50 

1/00,000 

5 

1,700,000 

1S000 

3,500,0(10 

8 

3,000,000 

2/00 

8,000,00i) 

2 

500,000 

125 

800,000 

7 

1,750,000 

250 

3,500,000 

20 

900.000 

600 

2,000,000 

1 

75,000 

100 

250,000 

80 

$13,375,000 

5,150 

§28,500,000 

84 

14,320,000 

4,900 

23,550,000 

The  wages  fiaid  in  1891  footed  up  $3,240,000,  as  against  $2,460, 000  in  1890. 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS* 


Iron  and  Steel. — The  following  table  exhibits  the  manufactures  in  iron  and 
steel  in  Chicago  for  the  year  1891: 


INDUSTRIES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORK- 
ERS. 

PRODUCT. 

6 
60 
76 
32 
6 
9 
14 
14 
40 
JO 
50 

$  27,700.1  00 
3.500,OOU 
3,800,000 
600,000 
2,7:>0,000 
J,  305,1  00 
40n,f'0i) 
6fO,000 
6<;0,000 
200,0(0 
3.500,000 

10,475 
4,500 
4,000 
1,200 
1,700 
1,360 
600 
800 
950 
4i'0 
4,200 

$  25,900,0  0 
11,1100,000 
9,000,000 
2.250,00 
4,601,000 
2,4'  0,OT>0 
1,10  ,000 
2,80'',0(IO 
l,7l  0,000 
450,01  0 
9,500,000 

P"iler  works  

Barbed  wire  and  wircworks  

Miscellaneous  

Totals                

316 
321 

$  44,005,000 
4u,600,000 

30,185 
34,600 

$70,700,000 
69,325,000 

Totals  1890                                

The  amount  of  wages  paid  in  1891  is  estimated  at  $19,706,000,  as  com- 
pared with  $18,500,000  for  1890. 

Meats.—  The  following  table  shows  the  meat  industry  of  Chicago  for  the 
year  1891. 


INDUSTRIES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORK- 
ERS. 

PRODUCT. 

20 
12 
2<i 
0 
18 

76 
75 

$  7,500,000 
6,000,000 

3  ono,0f  o 
1,000,000 

500,000 

11,000 
9,00' 
3,500 
1,000 
50u 

$    60,000,000 
55,0(10,000 
12,550,000 
4,330.000 
1,980,000 

$18,000.000 
17,000,001' 

25,000 
24,500 

$  133.860,000 
137.275.1  00 

Totals.  1890 

The  volume  of  wages  for  the  last  year  aggregates  §14,976,000,  against 
$13,585,000  for  1890. 

Leather. — The  manufactures  of  leather  in  Chicago  for  the  year  1691  were 
estimated  as  follows: 


INDUSTRIES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

19 

50 
3 
9 

6 

$5,000,000 

6,000.000 
400,000 
500,000 

500,000 

1,800 

5,100 
400 
450 

325 

$  6,500,000 

13,150,000 
1,500,000 
1,400,100 

1,300,000 

Boot,  shoe  and  slipper  manufactur- 

Saddleand  harness  manufacturers.. 

Hose  and  leather  belting  manufact- 
urers   

Totals  

87 
84 

12,401,000 
10,475,000 

7,975 
7,975 

23,850,000 
24,000,000 

Totals,  1890  

The  volume  of  wages  paid  in  1891  aggregated  $4,780,000,  against  $5,340,- 
000  in  the  previous  year. 

GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 


Printing. — The  manufactures  of  Chicago  coming  under  this  heading  in 
the  year  1891  were  estimated  as  follows: 


INDUSTRIES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

Printing,  binding    publishing    and 
newspapers  *. 

240 

$4,500,000 

6,200 

$22000,000 

Lithographing  nouses  .'  

12 

850,000 

715 

1,500,000 

Electrotypiug  and  stereotyping    .  .  . 
Type  founders  

15 

4 

3(10,000 
600,OJO 

550 

65n 

1,000,000 
1  500/00 

Printers'  ink  factories  

3 

62,000 

20 

80,000 

Printing  presses                 ... 

5 

375,000 

325 

7CO  000 

Printers'  furniture,  supplies,  etc  
Book  binderies  

3 
12 

50,000 
350,000 

60 
900 

125,000 
1,000,000 

Totals  

294 

7,087,000 

9,410 

27,905,000 

Totals,  1890  ... 

285 

6.322.000 

9.200 

20.912.000 

The  estimated  amount  of  wages  paid  in  1891  was  $6,157,000,  as  com- 
pared with  $5,800,000  in  1890. 

Textiles. — The  manufactures  of  textiles  in  Chicago  for  the  year  1891  were 
estimated  as  follows: 


TEXTILES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

Men's  and  boys'  clothing  

50 

$15,000,000 

14,000 

$30,000,000 

Colored  shirts,  overalls  etc  

25 

2,000,000 

2,000 

3,750,000 

Men's  neckwear  

8 

750,000 

1,5'  0 

2,000,000 

White  shirts  

20 

1,000,000 

1,500 

2,500,000 

Furs  

10 

700,000 

300 

1,000,000 

Cloaks  and  suitings  

15 

2,600,000 

7,000 

11,000,000 

Cloak  and  dress  trimmings  

4 

375,000 

500 

600,000 

Millinery  

9 

850,000 

1,200 

1,700,000 

Totals  

141 

22,775,000 

28,000 

62,550,000 

Totals  1890  

165 

16,723,000 

26,960 

38,325,000 

The  wages  for  1891  aggregate  $10,630,000,  as  against  $8,700,000  for  the 
previous  year. 

Wood  and  Manufactures. — The  manufactures  of  wood  in  Chicago  for 
1891  were  as  follows: 


INDUSTRIES. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

Pinning  mills,  sash,  doors,  mouldings 
boxes,  etc  

80 

$3,500,000 

6,500 

$10,000,0ro 

Cooperage  .... 

25 

500,000 

8>0 

2,000,000 

Furniture  

260 

8,000,000 

12,000 

21,000,000 

Pictures  frames  and  looking  glasses. 
Pianos  and  organs  

60 
24 

1,500,000 
4,500,000 

1,500 
3,000 

3,000,000 

7,ooo,ono 

Billiard  tables             .  . 

3 

375,000 

400 

700.000 

30 

1,000,100 

800 

2,350,000 

Totals. 

483 

19.375,000 

25,000 

46,050,000 

Totals,  1890  

470 

18,500,000 

24,800 

46,000,000 

The  estimated  wages  are  $13,520,000,  against  $13,500,000  for  1890. 


CHICAGO    AS  IT   IS. 


61 


Other  Manufactures. — The  other  manufactures  of  Chicago,  coming  under 
the  head  of  miscellaneous,  for  the  year  1891,  were  estimated  as  follows: 


MISCELLANEOUS. 

No. 

CAPITAL. 

WORKERS. 

PRODUCT. 

Tools  and  bicycle  factories  

3 

$850,000 

1,400 

$2  100000 

Sign-makers  

35 

125,000 

500 

750  000 

Brushes  (not  broom)     

16 

800000 

850 

720  000 

Brooms  

2 

75,000 

75 

250000 

Feather  dusters  

4 

60,000 

150 

200000 

Show  cases  

10 

120,000 

130 

45  i  000 

Glass  

] 

100,000 

120 

200'000 

Corks  

3 

130,000 

120 

225'000 

Paper  boxes  

14 

250,000 

850 

900,000 

Sails,  awning's,  etc  

12 

200,0.0 

250 

550000 

Shipyards..  

2 

300,000 

100 

200  (XX) 

Perfumery  

6 

225,000 

250 

750,000 

Totals...:. 

JOS 

2,735,000 

4,295 

7,295,000 

Totals  1890  

98 

2,277,000 

4,235 

7,140,<00 

The  wages  paid  approximate  $2,245,000,  against  $2,053,000  for  1890. 

MARITIME  INTERESTS. 

% 

It  will  be  a  surprise  to  the  stranger,  whether  American  or  foreign,  to 
learn  that  the  arrivals  and  clearances  of  vessels  at  Chicago  harbor  exceed 
those  of  New  York  by  fully  50  per  cent.;  that  they  are  nearly  as  many  as 
those  of  Baltimore,  Boston  and  New  York  combined,  and  that  they  are  a 
fraction  of  over  60  per  cent,  as  many  as  all  the  arrivals  and  clearances  in 
Baltimore,  Boston,  New  York,  New  Orleans,  Philadelphia,  Portland  and  San 
Francisco.  Chicago  has  also  fully  25  per  cent,  of  the  entire  lake-carrying 
trade,  as  compared  with  the  total  arrivals  and  clearances  in  Buffalo,  Detroit, 
Duluth,  Erie,  Huron,  Grand  Haven,  Milwaukee,  Ogdensburg,  Sanduskyand 
Marquette.  These  noteworthy  facts  are  amplified  in  the  two  following 
tables: 

DISTRICTS  ON  THE   SEABOARD. 


DISTRICT  OF— 

VESSELS 
ENTERED. 

VESSELS 
CLEARED. 

TOTAL. 

AOGR'G'TE 
RECEIPTS. 

COST  TO 
COLLECT  $1. 

Baltimore           

1,828 

1,443 

3,270 

$    3,766,922 

$0.072 

Boston     

3,260 

3,391 

6,650 

18,038,773 

.033 

New  Orleans  .            

1,156 

1,148 

2,304 

2,106,681 

.099 

New  York    

8,196 

7,818 

16,014 

147,538,045 

.018 

Philadelphia  

1,829 

2,053 

3,883 

20,711,455 

.023 

Portland  

784 

1,149 

1,933 

187,950 

.263 

Pt.  Townsend  

1,738 

1,792 

3,530 

193,003 

.288 

Providence  

666 

202 

868 

3?8,850 

.054 

San  Francisco  

1,285 

1,537 

2,822 

7,956,889 

.047 

Total  

20,742 

20,531 

41,273 

$200,828,567 

$0.897 

Average  

2,305 

1,281 

4,586 

22,314,285 

.100 

Chicago  

10,107 

10,120 

20,227 

6,794,515 

.033 

62 


GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 


PRINCIPAL  DISTRICTS  ON  THE  GREAT  LAKES. 


DISTRICT  OF— 

VESSELS 
ENTERED. 

VESSELS 
CLEARED. 

TOTAL. 

AGGR'GATE 
RECEIPTS. 

COST  TO 
COLLECT  $1. 

Buffalo  

3,936 

4,304 

8  240 

$   8*2  175 

80  065 

Cleveland  

5  136 

5  170 

10  308 

388  598 

'070 

Detroit  

6  296 

6  530 

12  826 

630  670 

1  3 

Duluth  

1,150 

1,165 

2  315 

8  318 

660 

Port  Huron            .... 

4  952 

4  837 

9  789 

191  15  i 

228 

Grand  Haven  

7,710 

7,707 

15,417 

1,881 

2  889 

Milwaukee  

10,708 

10,286 

20  994 

393  530 

034 

Ogdensburg  

1,435 

1,394 

2  829 

?63888 

091 

Marquette      .     .        ... 

6622 

6  686 

13  308 

If  856 

730 

Total  

47,945 

48,079 

96,024 

$2,759  069 

$4  88 

Average  

5,327 

5,324 

10,669 

306,563 

512 

Chicago  

i      10,107 

10  120 

20  2:-7 

5  794  51  5 

023 

Shipments  of  Grain  by  Lake  to  Canada. — The  shipments  of  grain  by  lake 
to  Canada  during  1891,  embracing  corn,  oats,  wheat  and  rye,  were: 


SHIPPED  TO— 

BUSHELS. 

SHIPPED  TO— 

BUSHELS. 

Collingwood  

405,421 

Sarnia   

985,978 

Kingston  

4,126,400 

25  100 

Midland  

1,199,150 

Montreal  
Point  Edward  
Prescott  

367,082 
344,469 
38.000 

Total  

7,491,600 

Coastwise  Receipts  and  Shipments. — The  coastwise  receipts  and  shipments  at 
the  port  of  Chicago  during  1891  were: 

RECEIPTS. 


ARTICLES 

QUANTITY. 

ARTICLES. 

QUANTITY. 

5687030 

Iron  ore,  tons  

71,449 

852  987 

Iron  tons  

19.423 

21  537 

106  273 

Lumber  1  000 

1  302  226 

Coffee,  sacks  

26  i07 

Shingles  1  000 

'253  738 

Tea,  chests  

4,885 

Lath,  1  000              .  .           .     . 

37,139 

Liquor.-1,  packages  

40,112 

4  233,929 

Fish,  tons  

2,349 

2  052  050 

Hides,  pieces  

4,524 

'  53  375 

Potatoes,  bushels  

220,465 

32  683 

Hay,  tons 

2,510 

Bark,  cords                      

13,434 

Flour,  barrels  

22,840 

1  215  331 

ft  965 

30  775 

Stone,  tons  

12,590 

403,414 

Sulphur,  tons  

653 

41  080 

Plaster,  barrels  

101,696 

164,260 

Cement,  barrels  

316,231 

150,086 

Oil,  barrels  

4,?  90 

Cheese,  packages  

61,582 

Woolsacks  

1,998 

CHICAGO   AS    IT   IS. 


63 


SHIPMENTS. 


ARTICLES. 

QUANTITY. 

ARTICLES. 

QUANTITY. 

Flour,  brls  
Mchds.,  pkgs  
Wheat,  bu      '  
Corn,  bu  
Oats,  bu  
Rye,  bu       
Barley,  bu  
Grass-seed,  s  vcks  

1,684,011 
I,o50,30l 
29,641,142 
37,705,2o7 
17,7«v28 
4,094.744 
1,628,900 
80,073 

Coffee,  sacks    
Tea,  chests  
Sugar,  brl*  
Sirup,  barls  
Hides,  pieces  
Liquors,  brls  
Oilcakes,  Ibs  
Oil,  brls  

18,178 
15,519 
17,113 
9,162 
6,478 
10,347 
210,086 
4,432 
9,647 

Flax-seed,  bu  ...   
Br'm-co  n,  b'les  
Fork,  brls  
Beet',  '  rls    
Oatmeal  brls  
Corn-meal,  brls  
Lard,  pkgs  
L:rd,  tes  
Glucose,  brls  
Malt,  sacks     

6821 
56,076 
4.672 
14,319 
12,7  9 
18,S94 
69,850 
4.i.9"0 
39,214 

Millstuffs,  sacks  
Cur'd  rats.,  pkgs  
Tallow,  brls  
Nails,  kegs  
Iron,  tons  
Lead,  piss  
Wool,  sacks  
Fertilizer,  brls  
Spelter,  plates  

342,232 
4,443 
21,727 
27,172 
4,0i  7 
559,394 
56,227 
1,150 
97.027 

Value  of  Exports  By  Zofe.— There  were  893,676  packages  of  canned 
meats  exported  by  lake  aggregating  54,877,719  pounds;  127  446  packages  of 
salted  meats  aggregating  $21,224.440,  and  16,075  bales  of  binder-twine  al- 
to-ether 1,128^68  pounds.  Of  the  articles  entitled  to  drawback  were8,735,992 
pounds  of  tin,  the  drawback  on  which  was  $899.30;  4,808,473  pounds  ot  salt, 
with  a  drawback  of  $4.020,  and  1,128,468  pounds  of  hemp,  with  a  draw- 
back of  $7,693.  The  total  values  of  imported  articles  entered  m  the  port  o. 
Chicago  was  $15,105,775. 

Arrivals  and  Clearances  of  Vessels.—  Following  is  a  table  showing  the 
arrivals  and  clearances  of  vessels,  with  tonnage,  at  Chicago  harbor,  for  \i 
to  1890,  inclusive: 


YEAR. 

ARRIVALS. 

CLEARANCES. 

TOTAL. 

No. 

Tonnage. 

No. 

Tonnage. 

No. 

Tonnage. 

1883         

11,203 
10,513 
9,846 
10.180 
10,828 
10,158 
9,552 
10,224 

3,555,586 
3,481,907 
3,347,647 
3,546,309 
3,868,405 
3,990,021 
4,417,415 
5,524,852 

11,271 
10,640 
9,910 
10,267 
10,920 
10,308 
9,462 
10,294 

3J43,574 

3,489,666 
3,364,169 
3,594,549 
3,989,615 
4,134,064 
4,403,634 

22,474 
21,153 
19,756 
20,447 
21,748 
20,466 
19,014 

7,299,160 
6,971,623 
6,711,816 
7,140,858 
7,858,000 
8,124,985 
8,821.049 

1884        

1885      

1886             

1887      

1888           

1889        

GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 


Vessels  owned  in  Chicago. — The  following  table  exhibits  the  number  and 
character  of  vessels  owned  in  Chicago: 


CLASS. 

NUMBER. 

TONNAGE. 

CLASS. 

NUMBER. 

TONNAGE. 

Propellers  

6'2 

7« 

4 
34 
35 

19,861.97 
1,543.94 
600.50 
173.15 
1,874.05 

Schooners  

168 
8 

7 

40.940.15 
71.45 
213.34 

Tugs,  

Sloops  ,  

Side  wheel  steamers 

Sailing  yachts.  

Steam  canal  boats.  .  . 

Total    

384 

65,380.46 

MUNICIPAL  GOVERNMENT. 

City  Clerk's  Office— Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as  follows: 
Deputy  clerk,  $3,000;  chief  clerk,  $2,400;  minor  clerks  from  $1,000  to  $1,300. 

City  Collector's  Office — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as  fol- 
lows: Chief  clerk,  $2,000;  cashier,  $1,800;  book-keeper,  $1,400;  clerk,  $1,400; 
five  clerks,  $1,500  each;  five  clerks,  $1,000  each;  messenger,  $800. 

City  Hall  Employes— Salaries.— Janitor,  $1,400;  2  carpenters,  $3  per  day; 
4 finishers,  $720  each;  10  elevator  attendants,  $720  each;  10  janitors,  $720 
each;  11  female  janitors,  $480  each;  chief  engineer,  $1,500;  3  assistant  engi- 
neers, $1,000  each;  6  firemen,  $720  each;  3  coal  passers,  $660  each;  3  oilers, 
$720  each. 

Comptroller's  Office — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as  fol- 
lows: Chief  clerk,  $3,000;  general  book-keeper,  $2,400;  assistant  book- 
keeper, $1.800;  cashier,  $1,800;  assistant  cashier,  $1,500;  warrant  clerk, 
$1,600;  minor  clerks,  $1,000  to  $1,200. 

Engineering  Department — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as 
follows:  Assistant  engineer,  $2,500;  second  assistant  engineer,  $2,000;  one 
assistant  engineer,  $2,000;  two  assistant  engineers,  $1,800  each;  rodman, 
$900;  draughtsman,  $1,200;  chief  clerk,  $1,800;  messenger,  $600. 

Feed  Officers. — City  sealer  of  weights  and  measures,  oil  inspector, 
inspector  of  steam  boilers,  building  inspector,  elevator  inspector,  and  some 
other  minor  officers  of  the  city  government  are  paid  in  fees,  or  a  percentage  of 
fees  collected  in  their  respective  offices.  Of  these  the  oil  inspectorship  is 
the  most  lucrative,  being  worth  about  $20,000  per  annum. 

Fire  Department — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as  follows: 
First  assistant  fire  marshal  and  inspector,  $3,500;  second  assistant  fire  mar- 
shal, $3,000;  assistant  fire  marshal  and  secretary,  $3,200;  fire  inspector, 
$2,500;  13  chiefs  of  battalions,  $2,500  each;  bookkeeper,  $1,800;  2  clerks, 
$1,800  each;  clerk  and  storekeeper,  $1,400;  superintendent  of  horses,  includ- 
ing medicines,  $2,200;  19  captains,  $1,360.80  each;  42  captains,  $1,260  each; 
14 captains,  $1,200  each;  19  lieutentants,  $1,155  each;  25  lieutenants,  $1,000 
each;  17  engineers,  $1,360.80  each;  30  engineers,  $1,260  each;  12  engineers, 
$1,200  each;  13  assistant  engineers,  $1,134  each^  30  assistant  engineers, 
$1,050  each;  12  assistant  engineers  $1,000  each;  115  pipemen  and  truckmen, 
$1,134  each;  131  pipemen  and  truckmen,  $1,050  each;  69  pipemen  and  truck- 
men, $945  each;  40  pipemen  and  truckmen,  $840  each;  37  drivers,  $1,134  each; 
81  drivers,  $1,050  each;  39  drivers,  $945  each;  4  pilots,  $1.260  each;  2 
stokers,  $1,050  rst  $'945  each;  9  watchmen,  $798.80  each; 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS.     '  65 

superintendent  city  telegraph,  $3, 675;  chief  operator,  $2,362.50;  3  assistant 
operators,  $1,260  each;  chief  of  construction,  $1,800;  battery  man,  $945; 
five  repairers,  $1,102.50  each;  chief  of  electric  repair  shop,  $1,575;  3  linemen, 
$945  each;  machinist,  $1,050;  2  assistant  machinists,  $756  each;  clerk  and 
stenographer,  $1,260;  2  electric  light  inspectors,  paid  in  fees  collected, 
1  manager,  $1,700;  3  operators,  $1,200  each;  3  repairers,  $1,000  each; 
1  lineman,  $945;  1  instrument  man,  $900;  1  battery  man,  $900.  Total  for 
salaries  of  Fire  Department,  including  Chief  Marshal,  $974,348.00. 

Health  Department — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as  follows: 
Assistant  commissioner,  $2,500  ;  department  clerk,  $1,500  ;  secretary,  $1,500; 
registrar  of  vital  statistics,  $1,200;  thirty-four  sanitary  police,  $1,000  each; 
eight  medical  inspectors,  $900  each;  chief  tenement  house  and  factory  in- 
spector, $2,000;  nine  meat  and  stock  yards  inspectors,  $1.200  each;  assistant 
tenement  house  and  factory  inspector,  $1,500;  clerk  to  tenement  house  and 
factory  inspector,  $1,000;  thirty-four  tenement  house  and  factory  inspectors, 
$1,000  each;  five  female  factory  inspectors,  $1,000  each;  city  physician, 
$2,500;  assistant,  $1,500. 

Law  Department — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are:  Assistant 
corporation  counsel,  $5,000;  assistant  corporation  counsel,  $3,000;  assistant 
city  attorney,  $4,000;  chief  clerk,  $2,000;  3  minor  clerks,  $1,500  each;  2  minor 
clerks,  $1,200  each;  clerk  to  city  attorney.  $1,500. 

Map  Department — Salaries. — Superintendent,  $1,800;  8  draughtsmen, 
$1,200  each;  2  draughtsmen,  $1,000  each;  house  numbering  clerk,  $900. 

Police  Court— Salaries. — There  are  eight  police  court  districts  in  the  city  of 
Chicago,  in  which  ten  police  court  justices  administer  the  municipal  law.  These 
are  appointed  by  the  mayor.  The  salaries  are  as  follows:  two  police  justices, 
1st  district,  $5,000  each  ;  two  police  justices,  3d  district,  $5.000  each  ;  one 
police  justice,  2d  district,  $5,000;  one  police  justice,  4th  district,  $2,500; 
one  police  justice,  5th  district,  $2,500 ;  one  police  justice.  Englewood  dis- 
trict, $1,800;  one  police  justice,  Lake  View  district,  $1,200.  The  "clerks 
of  the  1st  district  court  receive  $1,500  'and  $1,200;  all  other  clerks 
$1,200  each,  except  the  assistant  of  the  1st  district,  whose  salary  is  $1,000, 
and  those  of  Englewood  and  Lake  View,  who  receive  $900  and  $600,  respect- 
ively. 

Police  Department  Salaries. — The  salaries  of  the  officers  and  subordinates 
in  the  Police  department  are  as  follows:  General  superintendent,  $5,000; 
assistant  superintendent,  $3,000;  chief  inspector,  $2,800;  4  division  inspec- 
tors, $2,800  each;  1  secretary,  $2,250;  1  private  secretary,  $1,500;  2  clerks, 
secretary's  office,  $1,200  each;  1  drillmaster,  $2,000;  1  stenographer, 
$1,200;  1  assistant  stenographer,  $600;  1  custodian,  $1,323;  1  clerk  detect- 
ives office,  $1,500;  2  assistant  clerks,  detective's  office,  $1,200  each; 

1  night  clerk,    $900;    16   captains    at    $2,250   each;  52  lieutenants    $1,500 
each;  1   sergeant,   detective's    office,    $1,600;    1  assistant  clerk,    $1,200;  56 
patrol  sergeants,  $1,200  each;  86  desk  sergeants  at  $1,200  each;  25  matrons  at 
$630  each;  2  photographers,  $1,200  each;  50  detective  sergeants,  $1,212.75 
each;   10  police  court  bailiffs,  $1,000  each;   6  pound  keepers,  $771.75  each;  2 
patrolmen  at  mayor's  office,  $1,000  each;   1  patrolman  at  comptroller's  office, 
$500;  25  lockup  keepers,  $1,000  each;  2inspectors  of  pawnshops,  $1,200 each; 
4  inspectors  of  pawnshops,  $1,000  each;  2  inspectors  of  vehicles,  $1,200,  each; 

2  assistant  inspectors  of  vehicles,   $1,000  each;  250  patrolmen  on  duty   at 


66  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

bridges,  street  crossings,  depots,  etc.,  $1,000  each;  140  patrolmen,  first-class, 
for  duty  on  patrol  wagons,  $1,000  each;  1,750  patrolmen,  first-class,  for  regu- 
lar duty,  $1,000  each;  200  patrolmen  (second  class),  for  patrol  duty,  nire 
months  at  $60  per  month;  6  engineers  for  police  stations,  $1,000  each;  6 
assistant  engineers  for  police  stations  (eight  months)  $551.25  each;  20  janitors 
at  $530  each;  1  veterinary  surgeon,  $1,500;  1  assistant  veterinary,  $1,000;  15 
hostlers,  $630  each;  3  watchmen,  $750 each;  6  drivers  of  supply  wagons, 
$720  each;  70  drivers  of  patrol  wagons,  $720  each;  1  chief  operator,  police 
telegraph  service,  $1,3'IO;  1  assistant  operator,  $1,000;  85  operators,  police 
telegraph  service,  at  $720  each;  4  drivers  for  ambulances,  $720  each.  Total 
for  salaries  of  police  department  for  the  year  1891,  $2,485,242. 

Public  Works  Department — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as 
follows:  Secretary,  $2,400;  assistant  secretary,  $1,500;  book-keeper,  $2,400; 
assistant  book-keeper,  $2,000;  clerk,  $l,200;mino»  clerks  from  $600to  $1,000. 

Sewerage  Department — Salaries. — Superintendent,  $3,500;  6  assistant 
engineers,  $1,800  each;  6  rodmen,  $900  each;  chief  clerk,  $1,200;  chief  clerk 
of  house  drains,  $1,800;  permit  clerk,  $900;  chief  inspector  house  drains, 
$1,200;  draughtsman,  $1,200;  draughtsman,  $1,000. 

Special  Assessment  Department — Salaries.  — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are 
as  follows:  Attorney,  $2,700;  assistant  attorney,  $1,800;  chief  clerk,  $2,100; 
clerk,  $1,800;  clerk,  $1,680;  two  clerks,  $1,500  each;  four  clerks,  $1,400 
each;  sixteen  clerks,  $1,200  each;  clerk,  $1,000;  three  clerks,  $900  each. 

Street  Department — Salaries. — The  salaries  of  subordinates  are  as  follows: 
Assistant  superintendent,  $2,000;chief  clerk,  $1,500;  bill  clerk,  $1,200;  permit 
clerk,  $900;  assistant  permit  clerk,  $720;  general  clerk,  $900;  messenger,  $720; 
chief  sidewalk  inspector,  $1,500;  superintendent  of  house  moving,  $1,800 
(paid  from  fees). 

Telephone  Department — Salaries. — Chief  operator,  $1,300;  assistant  chief 
operator,  $900;  71  operators,  $720  each;  7  repairers,  $1,000  each;  2  battery 
men,  $900  each;  2  hostlers,  $620  each;  driver,  $720;  operator  bridge  tele- 
phone office,  $720;  12  operators  bridge  telephone  system,  nine  months, 
$472. 50  each. 

The  Mayor  and  Council — Salaries. — The  government  of  the  city  of  Chicago 
is  vested  in  a  mayor,  elected  for  two  years,  salary  $7,000,  and  a  city  council, 
composed  of  sixty-eight  aldermen,  01  two  from  each  of  the  thirty-four  wards, 
who  receive  a  per  diem  for  actual  services,  the  total  of  which  amounted  this 
year  to  about  $15,000.  One  alderman  is  elected  from  each  ward  on  alternate 
years.  The  mayor  is  assisted  in  the  performance  of  his  duties  by  heads  of 
departments  and  bureaus,  as  follows:  Comptroller,  $5,000;  treasurer,  includ- 
ingassistauts,  $25,000,  and  interest  on  city  deposits,  his  right  to  the  latter  being 
now  in  dispute;  city  clerk,  $3,500;  commissioner  of  public  works,  $5,000; 
city  engineer,  $3,500;  counsel  of  corporation,  $6,000;  city  attorney,  $5,000; 
prosecuting  attorney,  $4,000;  general  superintendent  of  police,  $5,000;  chief 
marshal  of  fire  department,  $5,000;  superintendent  of  fire  alarm  telegraph, 
$3, 675;  commissioner  of  health,  $4,000;  city  collector,  $4,000;  superintend- 
ent of  special  assessment,  $3,500;  superintendent  of  street  department,  $3,500; 
mayor's  secretary,  $2,500;  mayor's  assistant  secretary,  $1,500;  mayor's 
messenger,  $2,000. 


CHICAGO   AS   IT  IS.  67 

PARK  SYSTEM. 

The  Park  System  of  Chicago  was  designed  and  is  conducted  upon 
an  elaborate  scale.  In  its  entirety  the  area  covered  by  the  different 
parks  and  public  squares  within  the  city  limits  embraces  1,974.61 
acres.  This  is  exclusive  of  the  ground  covered  by  park  boulevards.  The 
Park  System  proper  is  divided  into  three  divisions,  each  division  being  under 
the  control  of  Park  Commissioners,  elected  by  the  Courts.  Thus  we  have 
three  boards  :  The  South  Park  Commissioners,  the  West  Park  Commis- 
sioners and  the  North  Park  Commissioners.  The  parks  under  the  supervi- 
sion of  these  commissioners  are  maintained  by  direct  tax  upon  the  respective 
divisions  of  the  city.  Under  control  of  the  city  government  are  a  number  of 
small  parks,  squares  and  "  places,"  which  are  maintained  at  the  expense  of 
the  city  treasury.  [See  "Area  of  Parks  and  Public  Squares."]  The  parks  of 
Chicago  form,  with  the  boulevards  as  their  connecting  links"  [See  Map],  a 
chain  around  the  city,  both  ends  of  which  are  anchored  in  Lake  Michigan. 
Only  a  very  few  years  ago  complaint  to  the  effect  that  the  great  parks  of  the  city 
were  too  fa"r  removed  from  the  people,  and  practically  inaccessible  to  the  very 
class  whom  they  were  intended  to  serve,  was  general.  Now,  however,  they 
are  becoming  the  nuclei  around  which  populous  districts  are  growing.  In  a 
few  years,  instead  of  being  on  the  outskirts  of  the  city,  they  will  be  breathing 
places  in  its  interior.  For  the  visitor,  all  the  parks  are  within  convenient 
reach.  Cable  lines  or  street  cars  will  carry  you  to  any  of  them  at  the  uni- 
form rate  of  five  cents.  Trains  on  the  Illinois  Central  will  take  you  to  Jack- 
son Park  (South  Park  Station)  and  return  for  twenty-five  cents.  The  great 
parks  are  grouped  as  follows  : 

SOUTH  SIDE. — Jackson  Park — take  Illinois  Central  train  foot  Randolph, 
Van  Buren,  Sixteenth,  Twenty-second,  Twenty-seventh  or  Thirty -first  streets, 
or  Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line.  Washington  Park — take  State  street  or 
Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line,  the  former  for  Grand  boulevard,  the  latter 
for  Drexel  boulevard  entrance.  Park  phaetons  convey  visitors  around  Wash- 
ington and  Jackson  parks,  touching  or  stopping  at  all  points  of  interest,  for 
25  cents  per  adult  passenger  ;  15  cents  for  children. 

WEST  SIDE. — Douglas  Park — take  West  Twelfth  street  or  Ogden  avenue 
cars.  Garfield  Park — take  West  Madison  street  cable  or  West  Lake  street 
cars.  Humboldt  Park— take  Milwaukee  avenue  cable  line,  or  West  North 
avenue  cars.  s 

NORTH  SIDE.— Lincoln  Park — takeN.  Clark  or  Wells  street  cable  line- 
to  main  entrance;  take  North  State  street  cars  to  Lake  Shore  Drive  en 
trance. 

Persons  desiring  to  take  other  conveyances  can  make  their  selection  from 
the  hackney  cabs,  hansoms,  coupes,  etc.,  found  at  downtown  stands.  [See 
hack  and  cab  rates.]  Carriage  arrangements  may  be  made  by  telephone 


•?0  &UIDE  TO  CHICAGO* 

are  known  collectively  and  familiarly  as  "The  South  Parks."  The  cost  to 
the  city  of  the  ground  which  they  cover  was  $3,208,000.  They  are  as  yet  in 
their  infancy,  but  even  now  they  rank  among  the  finest  parks  in  the  world. 

Ashland  Boulevard. — From  West  Lake  street  to  West  Twelfth  street,  or, 
rather,  from  Union  Park  south  to  the  boulevard  extension  of  West  Twelfth 
street,  which  makes  the  connection  with  Douglas  Park.  The  finest  residence 
street  of  the  West  Division.  Elegant  mansions  rise  on  either  side,  from  Mon- 
roe street  south.  There  are  also  some  handsome  church  edifices  on  the  boule- 
vard, among  them  the  Union  Park  Congregational,  opposite  Union  Park;  the 
Third  Presbyterian,  between  Madisonand  Monroe;  the  Fourth  Baptist,  nearthe 
intersectionof  Ashland  and  Ogden  avenues,  and  Epiphany  Episcopalian,  atthe 
southeast  corner  of  Adams  street.  The  boulevard  is  a  fashionable  drive.  It 
is  paved  with  asphaltum,  and  is  the  most  perfect  roadway  in  the  city.  This 
boulevard  connects  Washington  with  Twelfth,  thus  completing  a  circular 
drive  which  includes  Douglas,  Garfield  and  Union  Parks. 

Central  Boulevard. — Connects  Garfield  with  Humboldt  Park;  one  and  a 
half  miles  in  length;  average  width,  250  feet.  Leaves  Garfield  Park  at  West 
Kinzie  street,  runs  north  to  Central  Park  avenue,  east  along  Indiana  street  to 
Sacramento  Square,  north  to  Augusta  street  and  Hurnboldt  Park.  This,  like 
other  West  Side  boulevards,  has  been  neglected  up  to  the  present  time,  but 
improvements  are  now  contemplated  or  under  way  which  will  make  it  a 
magnificent  avenue.  Even  as  it  is  at  present,  it  is  a  pleasant  drive  between 
the  two  parks. 

Douglas  Boulevard. — Running  from  the  west  side  of  Douglas  Park,  at 
Albany  avenue,  west  seven-eighths  of  a  mile,  then  north  seven  eighths  of  a 
mile,  to  Garfield  Park.  The  roadway  is  kept  in  good  repair  and  the  drive  is 
a  beautiful  one;  but  up  to  the  present  time,  like  the  other  West  park  boule- 
vards, it  has  not  received  proper  attention.  The  work  of  improvement,  how- 
ever, will  now  go  on  rapidly,  and  it  is  expected  to  be  one  of  the  finest  of  the 
boulevards  before  1893.  It  is  a  very  popular  drive,  for  the  circuit  from  Union 
Park  to  Garfield,  then  via  Douglas  boulevard  to  Douglas,  and  thence  back  by 
Ogden  and  West  Twelfth  street  boulevards  to  Ashland  boulevard  and  point 
of  departure,  completes  a  perfect  summer  evening's  ride. 

Douglas  Park. — Area,  179.79  acres;  situated  four  miles  southwest  of  the 
Court-house;  bounded  on  the  north  by  West  Twelfth  street,  on  the  south  by 
West  Nineteenth  street,  on  the  east  by  California  avenue  and  on  the  west  by 
Albany  avenue.  The  district  in  the  vicinity  of  this  park  was  almost  entirely 
destitute  of  residences  ten  years  ago.  Within  a  decade  it  has  been  built  up, 
however,  until  those  who  have  not  visited  the  section  for  four  or  five  years, 
or  even  two  years,  would  hardly  recognize  it  as  the  same.  The  popularity 
of  the  park,  which  has  always  been  a  beautiful  piece  of  ground,  has  increased 
with  the  growth  of  the  neighborhood  and  the  improvement  of  the  streets  and 
drives  in  the  vicinity.  Douglas  Park  is  beautifully  laid  out,  well  wooded  and 
admirably  situated.  It  has  been  cared  for  nicely  of  late  years,  and  its  lawns 
and  flower  beds  bear  evidence  of  skillful  and  faithful  attention.  Some  of  the 
avenues  through  this  park  are  not  surpassed  by  any  in  the  city.  The  lake 
covers  an  area  of  seventeen  acres.  There  is  a  handsome  boat-house  and 
refectory  here.  Douglas  Park  also  has  a  medicinal  artesian  well  with  prop- 
erties similar  to  those  at  Garfield  and  Humboldt  Parks.  The  conservatories 
and  propagating  houses  are  among  the  largest  of  the  system.  [See  Con- 
servatories.] Vast  improvements  are  promised  for  Douglas  Park  within  the 
next  two  years. 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS.  71 

Drexel  Boulevard. — The  eastern  entrance  to  Washington  Park  commences 
at  Oakwood  boulevard  and  the  junction  of  Cottage  Grove  avenue  and  Thirty- 
ninth  street.  It  is  a  double  driveway,  200  feet  wide  for  its  entire  length, 
running  south  to  Drexel  avenue  and  southwest  from  that  point  to  the  park. 
Through  the  center  is  a  wide  strip  of  sward,  covered  here  and  there  with  beau- 
tiful shrubs,  rose  bushes  and  mounds.  Upon  the  latter,  which  are  interspersed 
with  flower-beds  of  beautiful  design,  appear,  during  the  summer  season, 
unique  figures  wrought  from  flowers  and  foliage,  and  which  attract  thousands 
of  sightseers  annually.  At  the  intersection  of  Drexel  avenue  is  a  magni- 
ficeut  bronze  fountain,  presented  by  the  Messrs.  Drexel  of  Philadelphia,  in 
memory  of  their  father,  after  whom  the  boulevard  was  named.  On  either  side 
of  the  drivewaysare  to  be  seen  some  of  the  handsomest  mansionsand  prettiest 
villas  of  Chicago.  At  the  head  of  the  boulevard,  a  few  steps  from  the 
Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line,  is  the  "Cottage"  from  which  phaetons  start, 
at  intervals  through  the  day,  for  a  circuit  of  the  South  Parks. 

Gage  Park. — Area,  20  acres;  situated  at  the  junction  of  Western  avenue 
and  Garfleld  boulevard.  It  is  laid  out  with  trees,  and  will  become  a  popular 
halting  or  half-way  station,  when  the  boulevards  which  enter  it  are  com- 
pleted. 

Garfield  Boulevard. — The  first  link  in  the  chain  which  is  intended  to  con- 
nect the  South  Park  with  the  West  Park  system;  200  feet  wide;  extends 
along  Fifty-fifth  street  from  Washington  Park  to  Gage  Park,  a  distance  of 
about  four  miles,  in  a  direct  westerly  course.  This  boulevard  is  in  good 
condition  for  driving,  and  soon  will  be  completed.  The  plan  is  for  a  cen- 
tral driveway,  bordered  by  grass  and  rows  of  trees  outside  of  which  there  is 
to  be  on  one  side  a  roadway  for  equestrians,  aud  on  the  other  a  carriageway, 
the  whole  to  be  lined  with  elm  trees. 

Garfield  Park. — Area  185. 87  acres,  situated  four  miles  directly  west  of  the 
Court-house;  bounded  by  Madison  street  on  the  south,  Lake -street  on  the 
north,  and  running  a  mile  and  a  half  west  from  the  head  of  Washington 
boulevard.  This  was  formerly  known  as  Central  Park.  The  name  was 
changed  in  memory  of  President  Garfield.  The  lake  in  the  center  of  the 
park  covers  an  area  of  17  acres.  The  park  is  extremely  picturesque,  the  drives 
and  promenades  being  laid  out  in  the  most  enchanting  manner.  The  boat- 
house  is  one  of  the  finest  to  be  seen  in  the  park  system.  There  is  a  hand- 
some fountain  here,  the  gift  of  Mrs.  Maricel  Talcott,  and  an  artesian  well 
which  furnishes  half  the  city  with  medicinal  mineral  water.  It  is  2,200  feet 
deep,  and  discharges  at  the  rate  of  150  gallons  per  minute.  The  water  is 
recommended  for  anaemia,  diseases  of  the  stomach  and  kidneys,  and  rheu- 
matic disorders.  Garfield  Park  is  beautiful  as  it  is,  but  just  at  present  it  is 
receiving  the  attention  of  West  Side  citizens,  who  contemplate  making  many 
improvements.  Opposite  the  west  end  of  the  park  on  Madison  street  is  the  West 
Side  Driving  Park;  west  of  the  park  near  the  Lake  street  side  are  the  exten- 
sive shops  of  the  West  Division  Railway  Company.  Just  beyond  the  park  on 
Madison  street  is  the  Fortieth  street  power-house  of  this  company,  and  the 
terminus  of  the  Madison  street  line.  Connecting  with  the  cable  cars  an  elec- 
tric railway  line  is  now  in  operation,  which  carries  passengers  through  the 
town  of  Cicero,  out  by  Austin,  Oak  Park,  the  Grant  locomotive  works  and 
other  attractive  points. 

Grand  Boulevard. — The  western  entrance  to  Washington  park;  198  feet 
in  width;  beginning  at  Thirty-fifth  street  and  entering  the  park  at  its  north- 


72  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

western  angle.  Is  bordered  by  a  double  colonade  of  elms  and  strips  of 
sward.  The  road-bed  is  perfect  for  driving.  On  the  western  side  a  strip  is 
reserved  for  equestrians.  Toward  the  southern  end  another  strip  is  reserved 
for  speeding  fast  horses.  It  is  one  of  the  most  fashionable  drives  in  the  city. 
Following  up  the  avenue  connecting  with  Grand  boulevard  you  are  carried 
past  the  "Retreat "and  on  to  the  Washington  Park  Race-track.  By  keep- 
ing on  the  same  course  you  may  return  by  the  flower-beds  and  back  via 
Drexel  boulevard. 

Humboldt  Boulevard. — This  boulevard  is  not  completed  nor  in  such  con- 
dition  as  to  be  worthy  of  the  attention  of  the  visitor.  It  is  intended  to  con- 
nect Lincoln  and  Humboldt  parks.  At  present  the  drive  between  the  two 
most  used  is  along  North  avenue;  a  good  street,  which  touches  at  the  south- 
ern extremity  of  Lincoln  and  at  the  northern  extremity  of  Humboldt. 
While  on  this  subject  if  might  be  well  enough  to  say  that  the  entire  system 
of  western  park  boulevards  are  at  this  time  receiving  the  serious  attention  of 
the  public.  It  is  thought  that  all  will  be  much  improved  before  1893.  [See 
West  Park  Improvement.]  Humboldt  boulevard  as  designed  will  be  one  of 
the  most  beautiful  of  the  system.  Wrightwood  avenue  will  probably  be 
taken  to  fill  the  gap  between  Lincoln  park  and  the  north  branch  of  the  Chi- 
cago river.  As  shown  in  the  commissioner's  plans,  Humboldt  boulevard 
runs  west  a  mile  and  a  quarter  to  Logan  square,  then  south  one-half  mile  to 
Palmer  place,  which  extending  north  two  blocks  opens  into  a  third  division 
running  south  three-quarters  of  a  mile  into  Humboldt  park  at  North  avenue. 
The  boulevard  proper  will  be  250  feet  wide;  Logan  square  400  by  800  feet; 
Palmer  place  4,000  by  1,750;  total  length  of  drive,  three  miles. 

Humboldt  Park. — Area,  200. 62  acres  ;  situated  fo'ir  miles  northwest  from 
the  Court  House  ;  bounded  on  the  north  by  West  North  avenue  ;  on  the 
south  by  Augusta  street ;  on  the  east  by  North  California  avenue,  and  on 
the  west  by  North  Kedzie  avenue.  This  is  one  of  the  prettiest  of  the  West 
Side  parks.  It  is  laid  out  beautifully,  has  a  charming  lake,  splendid  avenues; 
is  clothed  in  superb  foliage,  and  in  the  summer  season  makes  a  magnificent 
display  of  flowers.  Its  conservatory  is  conducted  admirably.  There  is  a 
mineral  artesian  well  here,  1,155  feet  in  depth.  This  park  is  the  popular 
resort  of  the  northwestern  part  of  the  city,  and  forms  one  of  the  group  of 
three  in  the  West  Division.  Immense  improvements  are  contemplated,  both 
as  regards  the  park  proper  and  its  boulevard  connections. 

Jackson  Park. — Area,  586 acres  ;  about  eight  miles  from  the  Court  House; 
bounded  by  Lake  Michigan  on  the  east ;  Stony  Island  avenue  on  the  west ; 
Fifty-sixth  street  on  the  north  ;  and  Sixty-seventh  street  on  the  south.  This 
beautiful  park  has  been  brought  into  great  prominence  of  late  by  reason  of 
its  selection  as  the  site  for  a  portion  of  the  Columbian  Exposition.  About 
one-third  of  the  park  had  been  improved  up  to  the  present  year,  although 
immense  works  have  been  in  progress  for  some  time  in  preparing  the  unim- 
proved portion  for  the  public.  These  works  included  excavating  and  dredg- 
ing for  the  chain  of  lakes  which  are  to  have  connection  with  Lake  Michigan  ; 
bridge  and  breakwater  construction ;  leveling  and  embanking,  and  land- 
scape gardening  on  an  extensive  scale.  The  improved  portion  of  the  park  is 
at  the  northern  end.  Here  there  is  a  broad  stretch  of  sward  which  has  been 
used  frequently  as  a  parade  ground  by  the  militia,  and  by  large  picnic  parties. 
This  is  surrounded  or  hemmed  in  by  a  wooded  avenue  of  great  beauty,  which 
opens  upon  a  sea-wall  and  a  beautiful  view  of  Lake  Michigan.  There  is 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 

GEO.  B.  CARPENTER  &  CO .-  FIFTH  AVE.  AND  SOUTH  WATER  ST. 
(See  "Guide."] 


CHICAGO  AS   IT  IS.  73 

erected  here  an  immense  shelter,  of  great  architectural  beauty,  where  thou- 
sands may,  on  occasion,  be  protected  either  from  the  heat  of  the  sun  or  from 
a  sudden  rainfall.  The  trees  and  shrubbery  in  the  improved  part  of  the 
park,  as  well  as  the  flowers,  are  very  attractive,  although  the  variety  which 
one  finds  in  some  of  the  other  parks  is  lacking.  The  number  of  trees  and 
shrubs  in  the  unimproved  portion  is  comparatively  small.  About  Sixty-first 
street  there  is  one  clump  of  oaks  and  maple,  shot  here  and  therewith  buncheg 
of  fiery  sumac.  There  is  another  and  a  larger  grove  west  and  north  of  this. 
Beyond  there,  except  for  a  few  small  bunches  and  a  fringe  along  the  west 
fence,  the  unimproved  portion  is  unbroken  by  wood.  Jackson  park  will 
have  undergone  such  alterations  before  the  close  of  the  present  year  that  time 
spent  in  describing  it  as  it  is  to-day  would  be  time  wasted.  The  opportunity 
of  making  it  the  grandest  park  of  the  system  presents  itself,  and  it  will 
undoubtedly  be  taken  advantage  of.  [See  "World's  Columbian  Exposi- 
tion."] 

Jackson  Boulevard. — West  Jackson  street  from  Halsted  street  to  Gar- 
field  Park  has  finally  been  declared  a  boulevard  by  the  Supreme  Court.  The 
Park  Commissioners  will  have  the  boulevard  fully  improved  before  the  close 
of  1891. 

Lake  Shore  Drive. — This  is  the  grandest  boulevard  drive  in  Chicago. 
Beginning  at  the  North  Side  Water- Works  on  Pine  street  it  skirts  the  lake  to 
the  northern  extremities  of  Lincoln  Park,  where  it  connects  with  Sheridan 
Road,  which  is  nearly  completed  for  25  miles  along  the  north  shore.  Before 
reaching  the  park  some  of  the  most  magnificent  mansions  in  the  city  are 
passed  ou  the  left.  On  the  right  is  a  fringe  of  sward,  dotted  with  flower-beds 
and  covered  with  beautiful  foliage  in  the  summer  months.  The  lake  beats 
against  an  embankment  to  the  right,  and  frequently  the  spray  is  dashed  across 
the  flower-beds  when  the  sea  is  high.  Reaching  the  park  you  pass  through 
beautiful  avenues  until  you  strike  the  Drive  again.  Here  vast  improvements 
are  being  made.  Some  years  ago  the  State  legislature  gave  the  Lincoln 
Park  Commissioners  the  right  to  issue  bonds  for  $300,000  with  which 
to  defend  the  shore  line  against  the  encroachments  of  storm-tossed 
Lake  Michigan.  With  that  sum  as  a  nucleus  the  commissioners  designed 
and  began  work  on  a  system  of  improvements  which,  when  completed, 
will  have  cost  a  sum  many  times  that  raised  from  the  original  issue  of 
bonds.  Enough  has  now  been  finished  to  give  a  general  idea  of  the  work  as 
it  will  appear  when  a  continuous  3ea-wall  will  extend  from  Ohio  street  to 
almost  the  extreme  northern  limit  of  the  city.  The  work  was  commenced 
in  the  Spring  of  1888  at  the  foot  of  North  avenue.  Several  hundred  feet 
out  in  the  lake  a  line  of  piles  was  driven.  Powerful  dredging-machines  were 
placed  in  position  and  slowly  but  surely  acre  after  acre  was  reclaimed  from 
the  lake.  It  is  at  this  point  that  the  Lake  Shore  Drive  joins  the  boulevard 
now  in  course  of  construction.  It  will  be  finished  this  year.  The 
breakwater  proper  rests  on  piles  driven  thirty-five  feet  into  the  sand.  On  this 
foundation  granite  blocks  are  Kid  and  securely  cemented.  Back  of  this  starts 
the  paved  beach,  forty  feet  in  width,  slanting  at  an  angle  of  about  twenty 
degrees  until  it  meets  the  granilethtc  promenade.  This  promenade  is  the 
most  attractive  feature  of  the  improvement  and  is  destined  to  become  famous. 
Imagine  a  twenty-foot  promenade,  smooth  as  glass,  three  miles  in  length, 
with  Lake  Michigan  vainly  striving  to  scale  the  paved  beach  to  the  east  of  it, 
and  a  grand  boulevard  lined  with  carriages  to  the  west  of  it ;  a  promenade 
commanding  on  one  side  a  magnificent  view  of  the  lake,  and  on  the  other  a 


74  GUIDE  TO    CHICAGO. 

prospective  of  Lincoln  Park  with  all  its  natural  and  acquired  beauties.  There 
is  nothing  rigid  in  the  lines  of  the  promenade  or  boulevard.  Without 
detracting  from  the  attractiveness  of  the  sweeping  crescent  described  by  the 
sea-wall  at  Jackson  Park,  it  must  be  said  that  the  sinuous  curves  marking  the 
contour  of  the  Lincoln  Park  beach,  promenade,  boulevard  and  canal,  are  more 
artistic  and  pleasing.  The  old  shore-line  has  been  followed  as  nearly  as  pos- 
sible. It  is  hard  to  improve  on  nature.  With  the  shifting  sands  as  the  only 
obstacle  to  check  their  course,  the  waves  have  drawn  along  the  beach  curves 
such  as  would  delight  a  follower  of  Hogarth.  When  they  planned  the  out- 
lines of  the  drive-way  the  commissioners  wisely  decided  to  follow  nature. 
They  have  made  no  mistake.  The  objective  point  is  Diversey  avenue,  the 
northern  limit  of  the  park.  Here  the  regatta  course  will  end,  but  the  sea- 
wall and  boulevard  will  be  continued  by  the  people  of  Lake  View,  who  pro- 
pose to  make  the  Sheridan  Road  and  the  Lake  Shore  Drive  continuous.  The 
sea-wall  will  be  extended  to  Byron  avenue,  opposite  Graceland  cemetery. 
It  is  thought  that  the  park  commissioners  will  be  able  to  complete  their 
part  of  the  work  by  the  commencement  of  next  winter.  They  will  then  have 
added  100  acres  to  the  area  of  the  park,  and  have  given  to  Chicago  a  boule- 
vard and  regatta  course  unequaled  in  the  world.  Between  the  new  boulevard 
and  the  park  there  will  be  three  connecting  points.  There  will  be  land  con- 
nection at  the  north  and  south  ends  of  the  park  and  a  bridge  at  a  point  oppo- 
site Webster  avenue.  The  canal  will  connect  with  the  lake  at  two  points,  one 
opposite  Wisconsin  street  and  the  other  at  Fulton  avenue.  The  boulevard 
will  cross  these  connections  on  steel  swinging  bridges  of  a  special  construction. 
It  will  be  several  years  before  the  dreams  of  the  designer  will  be  fully  realized. 
Rows  of  shade  trees  will  be  planted  to  the  east  of  the  boulevard,  and  between 
the  trees  and  the  edge  of  the  regatta  course  the  sloping  lawn  will  be  beautified 
in  the  highest  style  of  the  landscape  gardener's  art.  Between  the  west  shore 
of  the  regatta  course  and  the  present  Lake  Shore  Drive  is  a  tract  of  land  now 
piled  high  with  stone  and  pine  bark.  This  will  be  made  one  of  the  finest 
features  of  the  park.  Planked  thus  on  either  side  by  verdure-decked  banks, 
the  canal  will  wind  its  sinuous  course  towards  what  was  Fisher's  garden. 
At  no  point  will  this  placid  stretch  of  water  be  less  than  150  feet  in 
width,  while  the  average  is  nearer  200.  At  the  ends  it  is  widened  to  350 
feet,  so  as  to  permit  boats  to  make  a  sweeping  turn.  Hardly  less 
important  is  the  improvement  contemplated  by  the  Lincoln  Park  Com- 
missioners and  the  property  owners  Mho  own  the  land  fronting  the 
lake  between  Elm  and  Oak  streets.  The  sea-wall  ends  at  Elm  street  on  the 
south.  With  it  the  Lake  Shore  Drive  practically  comes  to  an  end.  The 
problem  which  has  ever  confronted  the  boards  of  park  commissioners  is  to 
connect  the  North  and  South  Side  boulevard  systems.  In  a  recent  message 
to  the  city  council.  Mayor  Cregier  suggested  that  Michigan  boulevard  be  con- 
nected with  a  viaduct  extending  over  the  Illinois  Central  tracks  and  crossing 
the  river  at  some  point  between  Rush  street  and  the  lake.  An  expensive  plan, 
there  seems  to  be  no  other  available.  It  is  proposed  to  swing  the  boulevard 
out  into  the  lake,  starting  at  Elm  street.  It  will  curve  out  1,000  feet  from  the 
present  line  and  strike  the  existing  beach  at  the  foot  of  Ohio  street.  The  Lake 
Shore  Drive  has  for  years  been  the  fashionable  rendezvous  of  the  North  Side. 
Thousands  of  carriages  linethe  beautiful  embankmenton  summerafternoons. 
Lincoln  Park. — Area,  250  acres,  two  and  a  half  miles  in  width  by  one  and 
a  half  miles  in  length;  bounded  by  Lake  Michigan  on  the  east;  Clark  street 
on  the  west;  North  avenue  on  the  south,  and  Diversey  street  on  the  south. 


CHICAGO  AS   IT  IS.  75 

The  southern  portion  was  formerly  a  cemetery.  The  tomb  of  the  Couch 
family  remains;  all  others  were  long  since  removed.  First  board  of  commis- 
sioners appointed  in  1869,  since  which  time  it  has  been  under  State  super- 
vision. There  is  embraced  within  this  small  piece  of  territory  perhaps  more 
attractions  than  can  be  found  in  any  park  of  the  country.  "Where  nature  left 
off  art  began,  and  the  two  have  contributed  toward  making  Lincoln  Park  the 
most  charming  in  the  city.  The  visitor  will  be  delighted  with  the  undulating 
character  of  the  ground,  the  gracefully  winding  and  curving  avenues,  which 
stretch  out  in  every  direction;  the  beautiful  lakes,  the  handsome  bridges,  the 
splendid  foliage,  the  magnificent  statuary,  the  gorgeous  banks,  beds  and 
avenues  of  choicest  flowers,  the  rare  and  wonderful  shrubbery,  the  pretty 
little  dells,  knolls  and  nooks,  that  lie  half  concealed  beneath  the  noble  trees,  and 
last,  though  not  least,  with  the  zoological  collection,  which  has  contributed  in 
no  small  degree  toward  making  Lincoln  Park  famous.  Here  we  find  the 
Grant  monument,  facing  Lake  Michigan  on  the  Lake  Shore  drive.  This  mag- 
nificent work  of  art  was  presented  by  the  citizens  of  Chicago,  and  cost  $100,000. 
Here,  also,  is  the  Lincoln  statue,  by  St.  Gaudieur,  facing  the  main  entrance, 
a  splendid  likeness  of  the  great  president,  and  pronounced  one  of  the 
finest  pieces  of  sculpture  in  the  world.  This  statue  cost  $50.000,  and 
was  presented,  together  with  a  drinking  fountain,  by  the  late  Eli  Bates. 
Here,  also,  are  the  "Indian  Group'"'  in  bronze,  presented  ^by  the  late 
Martin  Ryerson;  the  La  Salle  monument,  presented  by  Lambert  Tree, 
and  the  Schiller  monument,  presented  by  German  residents  of  Chicago. 
An  entire  day  may  be  spent  pleasantly  by  the  visitor  in  Lincoln  Park.  The 
great  conservatories,  flower  beds  and  zoological  collection,  can  hardly  be  seen 
in  less  time.  There  is  a  comfortable  refectory  in  the  boat-house  on  the  main 
lake.  Boats  may  be  rented  at  25  cents  an  hour.  • 

Lincoln  Park  Palm-House. — The  plan  of  the  new  palm-house  just  erected  at 
Lincoln  Park,  drawn  by  Architect  Silsbee,  shows  a  beautiful  structure  of  steel 
and  glass,  light,  airy  and  picturesque,  sixty  feet  high,  resting  upon  a  bowlder 
foundation  of  split  granite.  The  main  building  is  168x70  feet,  with  a  rear  exten- 
sion of  seventy  feet,  making  the  entire  length  of  the  structure  238  feet.  In  front 
of  the  main  building  there  is  to  be  alobby  25x60  feet,  which  isapproached  by  a 
vestibule  twenty  feet  square.  The  interior  of  the  main  building  shows  an 
unbroken  stretch,  save  a  few  light  supporting  iron  columns  for  the  glass  roof. 
The  conservatory  is  in  the  rear  of  the  palm  house.  It  is  thirty  feet  wide.  At 
the  extreme  north  end  is  a  room  30x60  feet,  which  will  be  exclusively  devoted 
to  the  culture  of  orchids.  This  room  will  be  further  beautified  by  a  sort  of 
observatory  tower  built  of  pressed  brick  and  terra-cotta  trimmings.  The 
building  will  be  erected  on  two  terraces  northeast  of  the  present  canal  vista 
and  the  animals'  summer  quarters.  The  terraces  occupy  the  space  due  north 
of  the  present  green-houses.  The  latter  structure  will  be  removed  as  soon  as 
the  new  palm-house  is  completed.  The  main  approach  to  the  palm-house  will 
be  from  the  floral  gardens.  The  new  house  will  cost  $60,000. 

Michigan  Avenue  Boulevard. — Michigan  avenue,  from  .lackson  street  on 
the  north  to  Thirty-fifth  street  on  the  south,  a  distance  of  three  and  a  quarter 
miles.  It  is  100  feetwide  from  curb  to  curb,  and  skirts  the  Lake  Front  Park, 
the  site  for  a  portion  of  the  Columbian  Exposition.  Formerly  the  ultra  fash- 
ionable residence  street  of  the  city.  Now  undergoing  a  transformation.  [See 
"Michigan  Avenue."] 

Midway  Plaisance. — Area,  80  acres;  a  woodland  drive  connecting  Wash- 


76  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

ington  with  Jackson  Park,  and,  although  unimproved  to  any  extent  \vorth 
mentioning  up  to  this  year,  one  of  the  most  beautiful  and  romantic  avenues 
within  the  park  system.  It  runs  between  Fifty-ninth  and  Sixtieth  streets, 
and  is  one  and  one-tenth  miles  in  length.  The  Midway  Plaisance,  with 
adjoining  lands  added,  will  become  the  site  of  a  portion  of  the  Columbian 
Exposition.  The  plans  for  improvement  during  the  next  two  years  are  elab- 
orate. [See  "World's  Columbian  Exposition.'  j 

North  and  South  Side  Viaduct. — If  a  great  viaduct  instead  of  a  sub- 
way is  decided  upon  it  will  take  the  following  route:  Beginning  at 
a  point  on  St  Clair  street  south  of  Ohio,  at  a  point  where  the 
Sheridan  drive  now  terminates,  the  viaduct  of  solid  masonry  work  fifty  feet 
wide,  exclusive  of  pedestrian  ways  on  each  side,  takes  its  rise.  South  on  St. 
Clair  to  Michigan  street,  thence  southwestwardly  across  Michigan  street  and 
the  parallel  railroad  tracks;  thence  south  along  and  over  a  private  street 
between  Kirk's  soap  factory  and  the  McCormick,  thence  by  a  drawbridge 
across  the  river  and  by  a  long  span  across  the  Goodrich  steamer  docks  to 
Front  street,  west  on  Front  to  a  private  street  which  is  a  continuation  of  Cen- 
tral avenue,  and  south  along  this  private  street  and  Central  avenue  to  the 
Randolph  street  viaduct,  at  which  point  it  begins  to  fall.  By  easy  stages  from 
the  viaduct  in  a  southwestwardly  direction,  the  new  viaduct  is  traced  across 
the  northwest  corner  of  the  unimproved  part  of  the  Lake  Front  Park  to  Mich- 
igan avenue  and  Washington  street,  where  it  comes  to  the  level  of  the  avenue. 

Oakwood  Boulevard. — Connects  Drexel  and  Grand  boulevard*;  100  feet 
wide  and  half -a  mile  long.  It  enters  Grand  boulevard  at  Thirty-ninth 
street,  and  touches  Drexel  boulevard  at  its  intersection  with  Cottage  Grove 
avenue, 

Ogden  Boulevard. — Running  southwest  from  the  junction  of  West  Twelfth 
street  boulevard  and  Oakley  avenue.  Not  yet  completed,  but  being  rapidly 
pushed  forward.  It  will  connect  Ashland  and  West  Twelfth  street  boule- 
vards with  Douglas  Park. 

Thirty-Fifth  Street  Boulevard. — The  connecting  link  between  Grand  and 
Michigan  avenue  boulevards;  sixty-six  feet  wide  and  one-third  of  a  mile  in 
length. 

Union  Park. — Area,  14.3  acres;  situated  one  and  three-quarter  miles 
directly  west  of  the  Court  House;  bounded  by  Warren  avenue  on  the  south, 
Lake  street  on  the  north,  Ogden  avenue  on  the  east  and  Ashland  avenue  on 
•the  west.  This  park,  one  of  the  oldest  in  the  city,  only  passed  into  the  hands 
of  the  Park  Commissioners  a  few  years  ago.  Since  then  it  has  undergone  many 
alterations  and  improvements.  On  the  northeast  corner  of  the  park  stands 
the  headquarters  of  the  West  Park  Board.  The  lake  has  recently  been 
enlarged  and  rebedded;  many  unsightly  mounds  have  been  cut  away,  and 
every  year  will  add  to  its  attractiveness  in  the  future.  The  portion  of  the 
park,  through  which  Washington  boulevard  passes,  is  laid  out  in  flower  beds. 
This  is  one  of  themost  popular  West  Side  breathing  places  in  thesummer,  and 
on  Sundays  it  is  usually  crowded. 

Washington  Boulevard. — The  continuation  of  West  Washington  street, 
west  from  Halsted  street  to  Garfield  Park,  and  the  driveway  from  the  center 
of  the  city  to  the  parks  and  boulevards  of  the  West  Park  System.  Passes 
through  Union  Park,  a  beautiful  square.  This  boulevard  is  lined  for  the 
entire  distance  of  nearly  three  miles  with  handsome  residences.  Large  shade 
trees  and  a  continuous  strip  of  green  sward  fringe  either  side  of  the  avenue. 


CHICAGO   AS  IT   IS.  77 

On  Washington  boulevard  are  many  fine  church  edifices.  The  Chicago 
Theological  Seminary  is  passed  at  Union  Park  and  Warren  avenue;  the 
Episcopalian  Seminary  on  the  north  side,  west  of  California  avenue. 

Washington  Park, — Area,  371  acres;  situated  about  one  and  a  quarter 
miles  west  of  Lake  Michigan  and  about  six  and  a  half  miles  southeast  of  the 
Court  House;  bounded  on  the  east  by  Eankakee  avenue,  on  the  west  by  Cot- 
tage Grove  avenue,  on  the  north  by  Fifty-first  street  and  on  the  south  by  Six- 
tieth street.  The  finest  of  Chicago's  parks,  more  by  reason  of  its  magnificent 
entrances,  Drexel  and  Grand  boulevards,  than  by  any  great  natural  or  artificial 
attraction  of  its  own,  although  its  flower  beds  are  the  most  beautiful  of  any. 
It  lacks  many  of  the  advantages  which  are  enjoyed  by  Lincoln  and  Jackson 
Parks,  the  contiguity  of  the  lake  being  of  itself  one  of  the  greatest  charms  of 
the  two  last  named. "  It  can  not  boast  of  a  zoological  garden  that  will  com- 
pare with  Lincoln  Park's,  nor  of  the  magnificent  monuments  that  are  making 
the  north  shore  park  classical  ground.  But  South  Park  has  statelier  trees, 
grander  avenues,  more  sweeping  perspectives,  more  charming  drives  than  any 
other  park  in  the  city.  It  has  the  jamous  "Meadow, "a  stretch  of  velvety 
sward  that  covers  100  acres  and  the  "  Mere,"  with  its  thirteen  acres  of  water, 
picturesquely  sparkling  behind  long  lines  of  ancient  oaks  and  elms,  and  bath- 
ing the  emerald  banks  of  the  mounds  and  knolls  which  almost  conceal  it  from 
the  view  of  the  passing  visitor.  It  has  also  its  great  conservatory  [see 
Conservatories]  and  its  splendid  stables,  which  cover  325x200  feet,  and 
through  which  you  will  be  driven  if  you  take  a  park  phaeton.  It  has  its 
delightful  refectory,  known  as  the  "  Retreat,"  where  refreshments  are  served 
for  man  and  beast,  but  its  flower  gardens  are  its  greatest  boas-t,  and  here  the 
visitor  will  pause  the  longest,  for  the  angle  in  front  of  the  flower  house  is 
probably  the  most  seductive  spot  Chicago  has  to  offer  the  lover  of  the  beauti- 
ful in  nature.  Here  you  will  find,  during  the  months  between  May  and 
November,  the  best  exhibition  of  the  landscape  gardening  art  in  the  world. 
Flowers  and  foliage  are  made  to  do,  in  the  hands  of  the  gardener,  what  the 
brush  and  palette  accomplish  for  the  artist.  The  designs  are  changed  annu- 
ally, and  are  always  original,  always  interesting  and  always  lovely.  An 
entire  day  can  be  very  pleasantly  spent  in  Washington  Park. 

West  Twelfth  Street  Boulevard. — West  from  Ashland  avenue  to  Oakley 
avenue,  were  it  connects  with  Ogden  boulevard,  which  runs  in  a  southwest- 
erly direction  to  Douglas  Park.  This  boulevard  is  planted  with  a  double 
row  of  trees  and  parked  through  the  center,  street  cars  and  traffic  teams  tak- 
ing the  roadways  on  either  side.  It  is  a  splendid  driveway  and  is  becoming 
more  and  more  popular  every  year. 

Western  Avenue  Boulevard. — A  zig-zag  boulevard  is  projected  to  connect 
Douglas  Park  with  Western  avenue,  which  it  is  proposed  to  boulevard  south 
to  Gage  Park.  From  the  latter  point,  a  boulevard  is  to  extend  east  to  Wash- 
ington Park,  thus  connecting  the  West  and  South  Side  park  systems.  For 
some  inscrutable  reason  the  east  and  west  boulevard  last  mentioned  is  called 
Garfield,  probably  with  the  idea  in  view  of  creating  still  more  confusion  in 
the  nomenclature  of  streets,  which  is  confused  badly  enough  now  to  be  a  con-  \ 
slant  annoyance  to  residents.  How  strangers  will  be  able  to  grapple  with  the 
intricacies  of  street,  avenue  and  boulevard  names  is  uncertain.  The  boule- 
vard known  as  Western  avenue  is  not  beyond  the  point  of  projection,  and 
neither  is  the  boulevard  known  as  Garfield,  but  it  is  probable  that  the  com- 
pletion of  these  connecting  links  will  now  be  hastened,  as  they  will  open  up  a 
driveway  from  the  great  southwestern  portion  of  the  city  to  the  Columbian 
Exposition  «ite.  [See  Map.] 


78  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

City  Parks. — There  are  a  number  of  small  but  very  pretty  parks  scattered 
throughout  the  city,  not  under  the  control  of  the  State  Park  Commissioners. 
These  are  maintained  at  the  expense  of  the  municipal  government.  Many  of 
them,  as  a  matter  of  fact,  are  of  far  more  importance  to  the  neighborhoods  in 
which  they  are  situated  than  the  larger  and  more  pretentious  ones.  Among 
these  are  the  following:  On  the  South  Side:  Lake  Park,  known  more 
familiarly  as  the  Lake  Front ;  bounded  by  Lake  Michigan  on  the  east, 
Michigan  avenue  boulevard  on  the  west,  Randolph  street  on  the  north  and  Park 
place  on  the  south.  From  Randolph  street  to  Madison  has  been  vacant  in 
the  past;  the  space  between  Madison  and  Jackson  has  been  covered  with 
the  B.  &  O.  railroad  passenger  depot,  the  First  Regiment  Armory,  Battery  D 
Armory  and  the  Inter-State  Exposition  buildings;  and  the  space  between 
Jackson  street  and  Park  place  only  has  been  improved  as  a  park .  The  area  of 
the  park  proper  is  forty -one  acres.  This  is  all  made  ground,  having  been 
recovered  from  the  lake  by  filling  in  with  the  debris  of  the  great  fire.  Lake 
Park  has  come  into  prominence  of  late  by  reason  of  its  having  been  selected 
as  the  site  of  a  portion  of  the  Columbian  Exposition  [see ' '  World's  Columbian 
Exposition  "1.  The  park  has  been  very  popular  with  the  business  people  of 
the  South  Side,  not  because  of  its  attractions,  but  rather  on  account  of  the 
large  area  of  free  breathing  space  which  it  gives  contiguous  to  the  business 
center.  Groveland  twdWoodlawn  parks  adjoin  each  other  on  Cottage  Grove 
avenue,  near  Thirty  third  street.  Take  Cottage  Grove  avenue  car.  These 
parks,  together  with  the  University  grounds,  which  were  opposite,  were  a 
gift  from  the  Hon.  Stephen  A.  Douglas.  The  University  has  been  aban- 
doned, and  the  buildings  removed.  [See  "  University  of  Chicago."]  The 
Dearborn  Observatory,  which  was  formerly  attached  to  the  University,  has 
become  a  part  of  the  Northwestern  University  at  Evanston,  the  great  tele- 
scope having  been  transferred  to  the  care  of  that  college  by  the  trustees. 
[See  Northwestern  University.]  Douglas  Monument  Square;  area,  2.02  acres; 
situatedon  the  Lake  shore, between  Thirty-fourth  and  Thirty-fif  thstreets,  and 
close  to  the  two  parks  last  mentioned.  Take  Illinois  Central  train  to  Thirty- 
fifth  street.  Here  stands  the  mausoleum  and  monument  to  Stephen  A. 
Douglas  [See  "Douglas  Monument"],  a  pretty  little  square;  from  which  a 
splendid  view  of  Lake  Michigan  may  be  obtained.  Ellis  Park;  area,  3.38 
acres;  situated  four  miles  south  of  the  Court  House;  between  Vincennes  and 
Cottage  Grove  avenues,  at  Thirty-seventh  street.  Aldine  Square;  area,  1.44 
acres;  situated  at  Thirty-seventh  street  and  Vincennes  avenue,  which  is 
surrounded  by  beautiful  private  residences,  and  a  number  of  other  smaller 
squares  and  parks,  farther  to  the  south.  West  Side:  Jefferson  Park,  area,  5.5 
acres;  situated  between  Adams  street  on  the  south,  Monroe  street  on  the 
north,  Throop  street  on  the  east  and  Loomis  street  on  the  west.  Take  Adams 
street  car  to  Centre  avenue  or  Madison  street  cable  line  to  Throop  street.  A 
beautiful  and  popular  little  park,  with  many  attractive  features.  Vernon 
Park;  area,  4  acres;  situated  between  Gilpin  place  on  the  south,  Macalister 
place  on  the  north,  Centre  avenue  on  the  east  and  Loomis  street  on  the  west. 
Two  miles  from  the  Court  House.  Take  Adams  street  or  West  Taylor  street 
cars.  Wicker  Park;  area,  4  acres;  situated  in  the  triangle  between  Park, 
North  Robey  and  Fowler  streets;  three  miles  northwest  from  the  Court 
House.  Take  Milwaukee  avenue  cable  line.  North  Side:  Washington 
Square;  area,  2.25  acres;  situated  between  North  Clark  street,  Dearborn 
avenue,  Lafayette  place  and  Washington  place.  This  is  a  popular  resort  for 
North  Siders  who  do  not  care  to  go  as  far  as  Lincoln  Park,  and  for  children. 


CHICAGO  AS   IT   IS.  79 

There  are  other  parks  and  squares  not  mentioned  here,  such  as  Campbell  and 
Congress  parks  on  the  West  Side  and  Dearborn  park  on  the  South  Side.  The 
former  has  no  attractions  for  the  visitor.  The  latter  is  fenced  in  and  is  the 
proposed  site  of  the  new  Public  Library  building.  Its  area  is  1.43  acres, 
and  it  is  situated  on  Michigan  avenue,  facing  east,  between  Dearborn  and 
Washington  streets,  opposite  the  jiorth  end  of  the  Lake  Front. 

West  Side  Park  Improvement. — A  committee  of  one  hundred  West  Side 
residents  has  in  charge  the  matter  of  improving  the  West  Side  parks  and 
boulevards  immediately.  The  step  the  property  owners  believe  it  necessary 
to  take  is  the  issuance  of  not  less  than  $1,000,000  in  bonds  and  the  levying  of 
a  tax  of  not  less  than  six  mills.  The' improvements  contemplated  are  as  fol- 
lows: The  total  length  of  Humboldt  boulevard  as  planned  is  13,238^  lineal 
feet,  comprising  an  area  of  ninety  acres.  Logan  square  is  4GO  feet  wide,  and 
Palmer  square  is  the  same.  From  Palmer  square  to  North  avenue  the  boule- 
vard is,  for  a  considerable  distance,  317  feet  wide.  Humboldt  Park  contains 
over  two  hundred  acres.  While  less  than  half  is  improved  and  beautified  at 
present,  the  whole  is  to  be  brought  under  the  hand  of  the  artist  and  land- 
scape architect  within  the  next  two  years.  Of  the  two  and  one-half  miles  of 
public  streets  fronting  on  Humboldt  Park,  but  one  and  one-half  miles  are  at 
present  improved.  The  new  plans  contemplate  the  improvement  and  .orna- 
mentation of  the  whole  distance.  Central  boulevard,  from  Augusta  street 
to  Grand  avenue,  a  distance  of  890  feet,  is  400  feet  wide;  from  Grand  avenue 
to  Sacramento  square,  a  distance  of  2,206  feet,  it  is  263  feet  wide.  Sacra- 
mento square  is  to  be  a  400  foot  square,  and  from  that  point  the  boulevard  is 
tobe  250  feet  wide  until  it  reaches  Central  Park  square,  which  is  a  distance 
of  3, 662  feet.  Central  Park  square  is  to  be  a  400-foot  square.  The  seventy- 
five  acres  of  uniiri  proved  grounds  in  Garfield  Park  are  to  be  put  in  splendid 
order,  and  the  three  miles  of  unimproved  public  streets  surrounding  it  are  to 
be  put  in  much  better  shape  than  the  quarter  of  a  mile  of  the  same  already 
improved.  Douglas  boulevard  will  be  250  wide  from  Colorado  avenue  to 
the  square  south  of  Twelfth  street,  which  is  a  distance  of  4,077  feet.  The 
square  will  be  the  usual  400  feet,  and  the  boulevard  from  that  point  to  Doug- 
las Park  will  be  250  feet  wide.  Douglas  Park  has  ninety-six  and  a  half  acres 
improved  and  eighty-three  and  a  half  acres  unimproved.  The  latter  is  to  be 
beautified  under  the  new  plans,  and  all  the  public  streets  which  surround  the 
park  are  to  undergo  a  transformation.  Southwestern  boulevard  will  be  250 
feet  wide  from  the  park  to  the  east  turn,  which  is  a  distance  of  2.950  feet, 
and  will  run  a  uniform  width  for  its  whole  length  of  11,148  feet.  The  plans 
also  include  the  addition  of  many  attractions  to  the  parks.  These  will 
include  lakes  in  the  now  unimproved  portions,  buildings  for  the  accommoda- 
tion of  visitors,  cafes,  boating  facilities,  lawns,  flowers,  trees  and  pavilions.  Tn 
short,  the  system  when  completed  will  be  the  finest  in  the  world.  The  tot  id 
length  of  all  the  boulevards  ouside  of  the  parks,  as  planned  under  the  new 
order  of  things,  is  nearly  eighteen  miles.  This  will  make  the  whole  drive  on 
the  West  Side  nearly  twenty-two  miles. 

POLICE  DEPARTMENT. 

The  police  department  of  the  city  of  Chicago  is  under  the  official  control 
of  the  mayor  and  is  conducted  by  a  general  superintendent  (Robert  W. 
McClaughrey);  an  assistant  superintendent  (George  W.  Hubbard);  a  secretary 


80  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

with  the  rank  of  captain  (Jos.  B.  Shepard);  a  private  secretary  to  the  general 
superintendent  (Thomas  L.  Perkine);  a  chief  inspector  (Fred.  H.  Marsh);  four 
division  inspectors  (Lyman  Lewis,  commanding  the  first  division;  Nicholas 
Hunt,  commanding  the  second  division;  Alexander  8.  Ross,  commanding  the 
third  division,  and  Michael  J.  Bchaack,  commanding  the  fourth  division) ; 
16  captains,  52  lieutenants,  56  patrol  sergeants  and  86  desk  sergeants.  The 
total  force,  including  officers  and  men,  number  8,503. 

Bureau,  of  Identification. — This  bureau  is  in  charge  of  Michael  P.  Evans, 
who  has  held  the  position  almost  continuously  for  the  past  11  years.  Under 
his  management  and  by  the  aid  of  his  valuable  assistants — (Geo.  M.  Porteous, 
Victor  George,  Andrew  Rohan,  Edgar  Marsh,  Sidney  Wetmore  and  Walter 
Mueller),  the  bureau  has  become  a  valuable  adjunct  of  the  detective  depart- 
ment. It  contains  the  pictures  of  more  than  12,000  criminals;  many  of  them 
the  most  noted  criminals  in  the  country.  The  Bertillon  system  of  measure- 
ments was  adopted  by  the  department  some  years  ago,  and  is  conducted 
by  Geo.  M.  Porteous,  whose  knowledge  of  the  system  was  acquired  under  ttie 
instruction  of  M.  Bertillon,  the  father  of  the  system  at  Paris,  France.  The 
Bureau  now  contains'the  measurements  of  about  4,000  criminals. 

"  Central  Detail." — This  old,  familiar  title,  as  applied  to  those  policemen 
who  do  -patrol  duty  during  the  day  time  in  the  central  part  of  the  city,  at 
bridges,  railroad  depots,  street  crossings,  etc.,  has  been  abolished.  The  Cen- 
tral Detail  police  are  now  attached  to  the  "  First  Precinct,  First  District,  First 
Division."  This  precinct  patrols  that  portion  of  the  South  Division  of  the 
city  lying  north  of  the  center  of  Van  Buren  street.  It  contains  the  greater 
portion  of  the  wholesale  mercantile  and  banking  interests  of  the  city,  and  has 
an  area  of  about  one  square  mile  of  territory,  containing  about  40,000  inhab- 
itants. The  command  at  present  includes  the  following  officers;  1  captain, 
3  lieutenants,  3  patrol  sergeants,  3  desk  sergeants,  164  patrolmen  on  permanent 
post  duty,  57  patrolmen  on  patrol  duty,  2  patrolmen  in  plain  dress,  4  patrol- 
men detailed  in  signal  service,  3  patrolmen  detailed  as  vehicle  inspectors,  1 
patrolman  detailed  on  licences.  Total,  241. 

Cost  of  Maintenance. — The  amount  appropriated  for  the  maintenance  of 
the  Police  Department  in  1891  was,  for  salaries,  new  sites  for  buildings  and 
for  miscellaneous  expenses,  about  $3,000,000. 

Detective  Department. — The  Detective  department  and  Bureau  of  Identi- 
fication (Rogues  Gallery)  is  under  the  control  of  Chief  Inspector  F.  H.  Marsh, 
with  headquarters  at  the  City  Hall.  The  force  consists  of  1  Chief  Inspector, 
1  Captain  (John  Shea),  1  Detective  Sergeant  (L.  Hass),  and  50  Detective 
Sergeants.  They  are  not  uniformed.  Under  the  present  organization  the 
department  has  become  very  effective  and  has  done  some  very  fine  detective 
work  for  which  they  have  been  very  highly  complimented. 

Division  Headquarters  and  Precincts: — The  following  are  the  Division 
Headquarters,  with  commanding  officers  and  precincts  as  established  in  1892 

First  Division:  Inspector,  Lyman  Lewis.  Headquarters,  Harrison  and 
Pacific  Avenue.  1st  District,  1st  Precinct,  City  Hall,  formerly  the  central 
detail.  2nd  District,  2nd  Precinct,  Harrison  and  Pacific  Ave.  2nd  District, 
3rd  Precinct,  22nd  and  Wentworth  Ave.  2nd  District,  4th  Precinct,  2523 
Cottage  Grove  Ave.  3rd  District,  5th  Precinct,  144  35th  St.  (Stanton  Ave.) 
3rd  District,  6th  Precinct,  Thirty-fifth  near  Halsted.  3rd  District,  7th  Pre- 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS.  81 

cinct,  2913  Deering  St.  3rd  District.  8th  Precinct,  (Brighton  Park,)  Califor- 
nia Ave.,  near  38th  St.  3rd  District,  9th  Precinct, . 

Second  Division:  Inspector,  Nicholas  Hunt.  Headquarters,  53rd  St.  and 
Lake  Ave.  4th  District,  10th  Precinct,  53rd  and  Lake  Ave.  4th  District, 
llth  Precinct,  50th  and  State  St.  5th  District,  12th  Precinct  (Woodlawn 
Station,)  321  63rd  St.  5th  District,  13th  Precinct  (Grand  Crossing,)  Dobson 
Ave  bet.  75th  and  76th  Sts.  5th  District,  14th  Precinct  (Kensington,)  Ken- 
sington Ave.  and  Front  St.  6th  District,  15th  Precinct  (South  Chicago,)  93rd 
and  So.  Chicago  Ave.  6th  District,  16th  Precinct,  (Hegewisch,  134th  St.  and 
Superior  Ave.  7th  District,  17th  Precinct  (Englewood,)64th  St.  and  Went- 
worth  Ave.  7th  District,  18th  Precinct,  to  be  opened  at  86th  St.  and  Vin- 
cennes  Ave.  8th  District,  19th  Precinct,  Mattson  and  Halsted  Sts.  8th  Dis- 
trict, 20th  Precinct, 

Third  Division:  Inspector,  A?  S.  Ross.  Headquarters,  Desplaines  and 
Waldo  Place.  9th  District,  21st  Precinct,  Morgan  and  Maxwell  St.  9th  Dis- 
trict, 22ud  Precinct,  Canalport  Ave.  near  Halsted.  9th  District,  23rd  Pre- 
cinct, cor.  Hinman  and  Paulina  Sts.  9th  District,  24th  Precinct,  West  13th 
St.  near  Oakley  Ave.  9lh  District,  25th  Precinct  (Lawndale.)  9th  District, 

26th  Precinct. 10th  District,  27th  Precinct,  Desplaines  St.  near  Waldo 

Place.  10th  District,  28th  Precinct,  609  W.  Lake  St.  10th  District,  29th 
Precinct,  256  Warren  Ave.  10th  District,  30th  Precinct,  W.  Lake  and.43rd  St. 
10th  District,  31st  Precinct, 

Fourth  Division:  Inspector,  M.  J.  Schaack  Headquarters,  E.  Chicago 
Ave.  Station,  llth  District,  32nd  Precinct,  233  W.  Chicago  Ave.  llth  Dis- 
trict, 33rd  Precinct,  99  W.  North  Ave.  llth  District,  34th  Precinct,  W. 
North  Ave.  near  Milwaukee  Ave.  llth  District,  35th  Precinct,  Milwaukee 
Ave.,  and  Attrell  St.  llth  District,  36th  Precinct  (Irving  Park,)  Milwau- 
kee Ave.  and  Irving  Park  Blvd.  llth  District,  37th  Precinct. 12th 

District,  38th  Precinct,  E.  Chicago  Ave.,  near  N.  Clark  St.  12th  District, 
39th  Precinct,  Larrabee  St.  and  North  Ave.  12th  District,  40th  Precinct, 
958  N.  Halsted  St.  13th  District,  41st  Precinct  (Lake  View,)  Sheffield  Ave., 
near  Diversey  St.  13th  District,  42nd  Precinct;  Halsted  and  Addison  Sts. 
13th  District,  43rd  Precinct, 

Headquarters. — The  headquarters  of  the^  police  department  are  located  in 
the  City  Hall. 

Police  Matrons. — There  are  twenty-five  matrons  each  receiving  $630  per 
annum,  they  are  employed  at  the  principal  precinct  stations  to  care  for 
females  and  children  arrested.  Under  Chief  McClaugh/ey  an  advisory  board 
has  been  organized  composed  of  ladies  selected  by  the  different  women's 
organizations  in  the  city,  whose  dnty  it  is  to  investigate  and  report  to  the 
General  Superintendent  the  manner  in  which  these  matrons  perform  their 
duty,  and  to  recommend  such  improvements  as  they  deem  proper. 

Patrol  System. — The  Patrol  Wagon  system,  which  is  worked  to  perfec- 
tion in  this  city,  had  its  origin  in  Chicago.  From  the  patrol  boxes  located  at 
convenient  corners,  or  by  telephone  from  any  point,  place  of  business  or 
residence,  a  patrol  wagon  containing  from  four  to  eight  police  officers  may 
be  summoned  at  any  hour  of  the  day  or  night.  The  response  is  quick,  sur- 
prisingly so  to  strangers,  who  are  always  interested  in  its  operation.  The 
telephone  and  telegraph  are  constantly  employed  in  connection  with  the 
police  system  of  Chicago,  and  some  arrests  of  dangerous  and  notorious 


82  GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 

characters  have  been  made  within  recent  months  by  the  operations  of  this 
system  that  could  not  have  been  accomplished  under  the  old  methods.  The 
patrol  service  is  also  an  ambulance  corps,  and  renders  valuable  assistance  in 
rescuing  the  injured  in  accidents,  or  in  carrying  to  hospitals  those  who  are 
suddenly  stricken  with  illness.  Besides  the  patrol  wagons  there  are  two 
regular  ambulances  connected  with  the  department,  and  others  are  to  be 
added.  The  number  of  patrol  wagons  in  the  service  is  35. 
Policemen's  Benevolent  Association. — Condition  at  d)se  of  1891: 

Cash  on  hand  January  1, 1891 $11,456 

Receipts  during  1891  62,915 

Total ...$74 ,371 

Expenditures  during  1891  $67,558 

Balance  January  1. 189.i 6,813 

The  number  of  members  in  the  association  January  1,  1892,  was  1,643. 

The  officers  for  1891  are:  President,  Sergt  William  Dollard;  Vbe-Presi- 
dent,  Sorgt.  Rudolph  Sanderson:  Treasurer,  Michael  Brennan;  Recording 
Secretary,  Daniel  Hogan;  Financial  Secretary,  William  S.  McGuire. 

POPULATION    STATISTICS. 

The  present  ratio  of  gain  in  the  population  of  the  city  of  Chicago  is 
estimated  at  1,000  per  week.  In  the  last  twenty -two  months,  or,  say  ninety 
weeks  intervening  between  the  time  of  the  completion  of  the  school  census, 
in  June,  1890,  and  the  present  time,  April,  1892,  90,000pers  >ns  would,  there- 
fore, be  added  to  the  population  of  the  city.  The  school  census  figures  were 
1,208,669.  Add  90,000,  and  we  have  1,298,669.  Add  additions  to  population 
by  annexation,  since  June,  1890,  say  10,000,  and  we  have  1,308,669.  It  is 
perfectly  safe,  therefore,  to  claim  for  Chicago  in  the  spring  of  1892,  in 
round  numbers,  a  population  of  ONK  MILLION  THREE  HUNDRED  THOUSAND. 
The  statements  which  follow  are  all  based  upon  the  last  school  census  returns. 

Nationalities  Represented. — Chicago  is  a  thoroughly  cosmopolitan  city. 
Less  than  one-fourth  of  her  people  are  of  American  birth — fully  one-third 
of  the  292,463  native-born  citizens  are  of  immediate  foreign  extraction.  The 
following  is  a  careful  estimate  of  the  nationalities  represented. 


American 292,463 

German .. 384,958 

Irish 215,531 

Bohemian 54,209 

Polish 52,756 

Swedish 45,877 

Norwegian 44,615 

English 33,785 

French li.HW 

Scotch 11,927 

Welsh  ...* 2.96H 

Russian 9,977 

Danes  9,891 

Italians •  9,921 


Hollanders  4,912 

Hungarians 4,827 

Swiss 2,735 

Roumanians 4,350 

Canadians 0,PM) 

Belgians  682 

Greeks         698 

Spanish £97 

Portuguese 34 

East  Indians 28 

West  Indians 

Sandwich  Islanders 31 

Mongolians 1,217 

1,208,669 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS. 


83 


Population  by  Divisions. — According  to  the  census  of  1880  the  South 
Division  had  a  population  of  127,266,  the  West  Division  276,321,  and  the 
North  Division  99,717.  Between  1880  and  1889  the  West  gained  rapidly  on 
the  other  sides,  until,  before  the  annexation  of  adjoining  towns,  it  was  esti- 
mated to  contain  two-thirds  of  all  the  inhabitants  in  the  city.  The  acquisi- 
tion of  the  populous  towns  of  Hyde  Park  and  Lake,  on  the  South,  and  Lake 
View  and  Jefferson,  on  the  North,  by  the  vote  of  1889,  however,  swelled  the 
population  of  these  divisions  to  a  point  which  considerably  weakened  the 
ascendency  of  the  West  Division. 

Growth  by  Wards. — In  order  to  illustrate  the  rapidity  with  which  the 
population  of  Chicago  increases,  the  following  tables,  showing  the  increase 
in  the  inhabitants  of  the  different  wards  between  1888  and  1890  is  given. 
Comparison  is  made  between  the  school  census  returns  of  both  years: 


Ward. 

Population  in 
1890. 

Population  in 

1888. 

Increase. 

1                       

44,897 
30,652 
30,511 
31,415 
40,642 
45,199 
45,699 
36,539 
41,411 
42,925 
37,182 
52,127 
37,501 
40,724 
42,342 
58.69P 
28,333 
3\126 
48,590 
27,126 
35,335 
36,505 
41,519 
35,120 

32,333 

26,964 
28,052 
26,236 
40,067 
40,513 
36,398 
33,497 
36,592 
33,435 
32,298 
'    40,536 
32,023 
31,350 
29,761 
50,750 
24,589 
31.667 
41,671 
22,597 
30,620 
32,283 
38,579 
3;),  141 

12,564 
3,688 
2,459 
5,179 
675 
4,687 
9,301 
3,342 
4,819 
9,490 
4,884 
11,591 
5,478 
9,374 
12.681 
7,949 
3,744 
4,459 
6,919 
4,715 
4,529 
•       4,222 
2,940 
4,979 

2                               

3                  ...               

4  

5           •           

6                   

7  

8      

9                

10              

11  

12                        

13    

14     

15  

16  

17  

18            

19  

20  

21  

2i  

23... 

24  

These  are  the  old  wards.    The  population  of  the  new  wards  must  be  com- 
pared with  the  population  of  the  townships  in  which  they  are  situated. 


Townships. 


Wards. 


LakeVieiv  ]  || 

Jefferson 27 

Partof  Cicero 28 

(29 
Lake ^30 

1 31 

(32 
HydePark ^33 

(34 


Population 
in  1890. 
23,788 
28,003 
11,368 
8,785 
31,139 
49,718 
21,586 
29,412 
29,236 
29,611 


Population 
in  1888. 

1 46,164 
11,552 
6,850 

1 84,585 
i  67,062 


Increase. 
5,627 
1,935 

17,860 
11,191 


The  large  increase  in  the  population  of  Jefferson  was  due  to  the  fact  that  a 
great  portion  of  it,  containing  about  4,000  persons,  was  annexed  during  1889. 


84  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

Following  is  the  population  by  Divisions,  according  to  the  school  census 
of  1890: 

Total  population  of  South  Division,  comprising  the  South  Town  wards 
and  those  of  Lake  and  Hyde  Park,  male,  222,077;  female,  191,845;  total. 
413,922. 

Total  population  West  Division,  comprising  the  West  Town  wards  and 
Twenty-eighth  ward  (annexed  portion  of  Cicero),  male,  297,722;  female. 
258,261;  total,  555,983. 

Total  population  North  Division,  comprising  the  North  Side  wards  and 
those  of  Lake  Visw  and  Jefferson,  male,  126,091;  female,  112,673;  total 
238,764. 

Population  Summary.— Of  the  1,208,669  inhabitants  in  Chicage  in  1890, 
645,890  were  males  and  562,779  were  females.  There  were  735,435  persons 
over  21  years  of  age,  of  whom  409,676  were  males  and  325,759  were  females. 
The  total  number  of  persons  under  21,  473,204 ;  236,214  being  males  and 
237,020  being  females.  The  number  of  school  children  between  6  and  14 
was  males,  84,272 ;  females,  81,344  ;  total  165,621 .  The  total  number  of  chil- 
dren under  6  was  183,801.  The  blind  numbered  183  ;  deaf  and  dumb,  427— 
males,  203  ;  females,  224.  The  total  number  of  pupils  in  private  schools  was 
39,906  ;  total  number  of  pupils  in  public  schools  135,551.  The  total  number 
of  children  under  21  who  had  finished  their  studies  was  35,246,  while  there 
were  35,246  who  had  to  work  but  would  have  attended  school  had  they  an 
opportunity.  The  total  number  between  12  and  21  who  could  not  read 
or  write  English  was  but  2,599,  of  whom  1,200  were  males.  The  total 
number  between  6  and  14  who  did  not  attend  school  was  6,216.  The  colored 
people  of  all  ages  in  the  city  were  14,490 — 7,932  males,  6,558  females.  The 
Mongolians  numbered  1,217,  of  whom  only  10  were  females.  The  population 
of  the  annexed  districts  was  262,640,  as  against  216,213  in  1889,  and  within 
the  old  city  boundaries  946,029,  as  against  802,651  in  1889. 

Population  of  Cook  County. — The  population  of  Cook  County,  111.,  in 
which  Chicago  is  situated,  according  to  the  United  States  Census  of  June,  1890, 
was  1, 189,258  against  607,524  in  1880.  This  is  grossly  incorrect.  The  pop- 
ulation of  the  county  outside  of  the  city  is  not  less  than  100,000,  which,  added 
to  the  estimate  of  1,300,000  for  the  city  at  the  present  time,  makes  the 
population  of  Cook  county  1,400,000. 

Population  of  Illinois. — The  population  of  Illinois,  according  to  the 
United  States  census  of  June,  1890,  was  3,801,285,  which  gave  her  the  third 
place  among  the  States  of  the  Union — New  York  ranking  first  and  Pennsyl- 
vania, second.  By  census  districts  the  count  was  as  follows  : 


First  District 1,226,292 

Second  District 342,500 

Third  District 393,155 

Fourth  District 400,092 

Fifth  District   370,000 


I  Sixth  District 384,928 

Seventh  District 382,940 

Eighth  District 352,378 

Total 3,801,285 


If  the  error  made  in  the  count  of  Chicago,  which  is  included  in  the  first 
district,  be  taken  into  account,  and  the  gain  in  population  since  June,  1890, 
be  added,  the  population  of  Illinois  in  April,  1891,  can  be  fairly  said  to  exceed 
four  millions. 


*/«.'«' 
Of  j 
31  f  y 


CHICAGO   AS  IT  IS.  85 

POST-OFFICE. 

The  limits  or  jurisdiction  of  the  postmaster  of  the  Chicago  Post-office 
covers  leas  than  one-third  of  the  area  of  the  city  proper,  the  outlying  post- 
offices  being  entirely  distinctive,  and  having  postmasters  of  their  own.  [See 
"  Outlying  Chicago  Post-Offices."]  The  central  or  general  office  is  located 
in  the  business  portion  of  the  city.  It  has  eleven  carrier  stations  and  twenty 
sub-postal  stations,  distributed  at  various  points  within  said  jurisdiction. 
The  force  employed  consists  of  about  769  regular  carriers,  200  substitute 
carriers,  842  regular  clerks,  sixty  substitute  clerks,  and  about  90  persons  in 
charge  of  Sub  Stations  and  Stamp  Agencies,  making  a  total  of  1701  paid 
employes.  Of  this  force,  105  carriers,  57  horses  and  52  wagons  are  employed 
in  the  collection  of  the  mail  from  the  street  letter-boxes. 

Branch  Offices. — The  city  branch  post-offices,  or  sub-stations,  are  located 
as  follows  :  North  Division  Station,  355  and  359  N.  Clark,  N.  W.  corner  of 
Oak,  Supt.  Theodore  Stemming;  Northwest  Station,  51 7  Milwaukee av.,Supt. 
W.  L.  Householder;  West  Division  Station,  W.  Washington,  cor.  S.  Halsted, 
Supt.  John  Davy  ;  West  Madison  Street  Station,  981  W.  Madison,  Supt.  R.F. 
Taylor;  Southwest  Station,  543  Blue  Island  ave.,  Supt.  John  Vanderpoel;  South 
Division  Station,  3217  State,  Supt.  Joseph  Harvey  ;  Cottage  Grove  Station, 
3704  Cottage  Grove  ave.,  Supt.  Peter  H.  Witt ;  Stock  Yard  Station,  S.  Hal- 
sted cor.  42d,  Supt.  Frank  H.  Ketchum  ;  Lake  View  Station,  1353  Diversey 
ave.,  Supt.  Hbnry  Bonnefoi ;  Humboldt  Park  Station,  1576  Milwaukee  ave., 
Supt.  Henry  Spink  ;  Hyde  Park  Station,  142  Fifty-third,  Supt.  H.  A. 
Phillips.  Sub-Postal  Stations :  Twenty-second  Street  Station,  86  Twenty- 
second,  Supt.  E.  F.  Brooks  ;  Ogden  Avenue  Station,  324  Ogden  ave.,  Supt. 
Wm.  E.  Waite. 

City  Delivery. — Free  delivery  of  letters  by  faithful  carriers  will  be  secured 
by  having  the  letters  addressed  to  the  street  and  number. 

Closing  of  Foreign  Mails— Foreign  visitors  will  be  guided  by  the  following 
rules  of  the  closing  of  mails:  Mails  for  Great  Britain  and  Ireland  dispatched 
in  closed  bags  as  follows:  Sundays,  Mondays  and  Thursdays  via  New  York, 
close  4  P.  M.  For  Denmark,  Norway  and  Sweden,  dispatched  in  closed 
bags,  Sundays,  Mondays  amd  Thursdays  close  4  p.  M.  For  Germany,  dis- 
patched in  closed  bags,  Mondays  and  Thursdays.  For  China,  Japan,  New 
Zealand,  Australia,  Sandwich  Islands,  Fiji  Islands,  Samoa,  and  special 
addressed  matter  for  Siam,  close  daily  at  2  p.  M.,  sent  to  San  Francisco  for 
dispatch  in  closed  bags  from  that  office.  Note:  Mails  for  countries  not 
named  above  close  daily  4  p.  M.  and  are  sent  to  New  York  for  dispatch  in 
the  closed  bags  from  that  office.  For  Canada,  Province  Ontario  and  Quebec, 
close  7  A.  M.  and  8  p.  M.  daily  except  Sunday,  Sunday  5  p.  M.  Hamilton 
(city),  Ontario,  Toronto  (city),  Ontario,  special  despatch  close  daily  at  2:30  P.  M. 
Quebec,  London  special  dispatch  close  daily  10  A.  M.  Mail  for  above  points 
close  Sundays  5  p.  M.  For  Nova  Scotia,  New  Brunswick,  Prince  Edward's 
Island  and  Newfoundland  close  daily  at  8:15  A.  M.  and  7  and  8  P.  M.  For 
British  Columbia  and  Manitoba,  close  daily  at  2  A.  M.  Foreign  postage 
tables  will  be  found  in  the  public  lobbies  of  the  main  and  branch  offices. 
For  Mexico,  close  daily  at  8:15  A.  M,  and  8  P.  M. 


86 


GUIDE   TO    CIICAGO. 


Increase  of  Business. — The  following  shows  the  business  of  the  Chicago 
Post-office  for  the  five  years  ending  Jan'y  1,  1892,  and  the  probable  increase, 
providing  the  same  ratio  is  maintained  for  the  five  years  ending  June  30, 
1895: 


GROSS  REVENUE. 

GKOSS  DISBURSE- 
MENTS. 

Amount. 

Increase 
per  cent. 

Amount. 

Increase 
per  cent. 

1885 
1836    

$1,930,363 
2,0;  6,274 
2,226,841 
2,470,439 
2.7S4,304 
H,126,?40 
3,445,75? 

'  '  '  f-'.o 

10.0 
11.0 
12.7 
12.3- 
10.2 

$    726,860 
769,441 
8^6,146 
868,782 
964,418 
1,131,474 
1,2,17,832 

6.9 
8.7 
3.9 
11.0 
17.3 
9.4 

1887  

1888  

1889  

189!)    

1891  

COMING  FOUR  YEARS. 


18!)  i                                            

|    $3,797,233 

10.2    1  1 

$1  354  188| 

9  4 

1893  

4  184  539 

10  2    II 

1  481  4811 

9  4 

1894  

4,611,361 

10.2 

1,620,740 

94 

1895  

5,081,198 

10.2    1 

1,773,0491 

94 

In  this  table  the  rate  of  increase  is  estimated  by  the  same  method  adopted 
in  reference  to  the  New  York  office.  But,  unless  all  expectations  prove  delu- 
sive, the  increase  in  the  receipts  of  the  Chicago  office  will  far  outrun  these 
figures.  It  would  not  surprise  any  observer  of  the  growth  of  Chicago  and 
the  expansion  of  its  business,  if  these  should  be  so  accelerated  during  the 
next  two  years  from  natural  causes  and  by  reason  of  the  World's  Fair  that 
the  receipts  of  this  post-office  for  the  year  ending  June  30,  1893  should  bound 
up  to  $6.000,000.  In  that  event,  which  is  entirely  within  probability,  the 
urgency  for  increased  post-office  accommodations  to  take  care  of  such  busi- 
ness is  50  per  cent,  greater  here  than  in  New  York,  for  our  local  office  is 
already  accomplishing  more  with  proportionately  less  facilities  and  expendi- 
tures than  is  the  New  York  office. 

Inspector's  Department. — Located  Room  93  of  Post-office  building: 
Inspector,  James  E.  Stuart,  in  charge  of  Chicago  Division,  comprising  the 
States  of  Illinois,  Iowa,  Michigan,  Wisconsin,  Minnesota  and  Dakota.  Assis- 
tants :  Angrew  Irle,  Miss  Lenore  Mooney,  Herbert  Towlson.  The 
Inspector  in  charge  has  fifteen  Inspectors  under  his  supervision  with  10,000 
postmasters  and  their  innumerable  employes  to  look  after.  All  cases  of 
irregularities,  depredations  or  violations  of  postal  laws,  should  be  reported  to 
the  Inspector.  [There  is  a  very  general  misconception  of  the  duties  of  the 
Inspector.  He  is  in  reality  the'  personal  representative  of  the  Postmaster- 
General.  To  him  is  submitted  all  matters  concerning  the  management  of 
Post  Offices,  the  establishment  of  new  Offices,  the  plans  of  new  buildings,  the 
bonds  of  Post  Musters,  the  fitness  of  applicants,  etc.,  etc.  The  work  on  dep- 
redations is  but  a  small  part  of  the  volume  of  business  done  bvtlie  Inspectoral 
Chicago.  Major  James  E.  Stuart,  the  present  Inspector  at  this  point,  has 
been  connected  with  the  department  for  fifteen  years,  and  is  recognized  as 
one  of  the  most  efficient  officers  in  the  service. 


CHICAGO    AS   IT   IS.  87 

International  Money  Order  System. — Orders  can  be  obtained  upon  any 
money-order  office  in  Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  Germany,  Austria,  Belgium, 
Holland,  Denmark,  Sweden,  Norway,  Switzerland,  Italy,  Canada,  France, 
Algeria,  Japan,  Portugal,  The  Hawaiian  Kingdom,  Jamaica,  New  Zealand, 
New  South  Wales,  Hungary,  Egypt,  and  Hong  Kong,  India  and  Tasmania, 
Queensland,  Cape  Colony,  The  Windward  Islands  and  the  Leeward  Islands  for 
any  sum  not  exceeding  $50  in  United  States  currency.  No  singleorder  issued 
for  more  than  $50.  Parties  desiring  to  remit  larger  sums  must  obtain  addi- 
tional money-orders.  There  is  no  limit  to  the  number  of  orders  in  the  Inter- 
national Money-order  System.  The  fees  for  all  International  Money-orders, 
are  on  ordersnot  exceeding  $10 — 10  cents ;  over  $10  and notexceeding  $20 — 
20  cents ;  $20  and  not  exceeding  $30 — 30  cents  ;  $30  and  not  exceeding  $40 — 
40  cents  ;  $40  and  not  exceeding  $50 — 50  cents. 

Mail  Train  Service. — There  are  289  mail  trains  arriving  and  departing  from 
the  city  daily,  excepting  Sunday  ;  of  these  trains  174  have  railway  post-offices 
attached,  in' which  362  clerks  are  daily  employed  in  the  distribution  of  the 
mails  while  in  transit.  In  addition  to  this  number  of  railway  clerks,  a  force 
of  thirty-three  clerks  employed  by  the  Chicago  post-office  is  sent  out  on  the 
night  trains  to  the  meeting  point  of  incoming  railway  post-office  trains,  on 
which  they  return  to  distribute  and  make  up  the  mail  for  the  main  office  and 
stations,  for  immediate  delivery  by  carriers  upon  arrival.  This  system  of 
quick  delivery  of  incoming  mails  was  instituted  by  the  present  postmaster. 
Col.  James  A.  Sexton.  By  this  method  sixty -five  to  seventy  per  centum  of 
the  mails  received  during  the  twenty-four  hours  is  placed  upon  the  counters 
of  banks  and  business  houses  in  the  business  portion  by  9  o'clock  in  the 
morning.  There  are  110  separate  mails  closed  daily  for  despatch,  the  first 
close  being  made  at  3:20  A.  M.,  and  the  last  at  10:30  p.  M.  A  corresponding 
number  of  mails  is  received  daily.  There  are  also  used  daily  1,014  leather 
bags,  and  2,930  canvas  bags  in  conveying  the  mails  to  and  from  the  post- 
office  and  railway  trains.  The  weight  of  the  empty  bags  alone  amounted  to 
3,249,253  pounds  for  the  year.  The  headquarters  of  the  6th  Division  Rail- 
way Mail  Service,  comprising  the  States  of  Illinois,  Iowa,  Nebraska,  and 
Wyoming  Territory,  are  located  in  Chicago.  In  this  division  886  railway 
clerks  are  employed  in  the  distribution  of  the  mails  on  the  cars.  During  the 
year  ending  June  30. 1891,  these  clerks  traveled  139,435,380  miles.  The  Division 
of  Post-office  Inspectors,  comprising  the  States  of  Illinois,  Iowa,  Wisconsin, 
Michigan,  Minnesota  and  the  two  Dakotas,  have  their  headquarters  here. 

Officers  of  the  Post-office  — The  principal  officers  of  the  post-office  are : 
Postmaster,  James  A.  Sexton;  Assistant  Postmaster,  John  M.  Hubbard; 
Supply  Clerk,  J.  W.  Ward;  Record  Clerk,  John  Matter;  Superintendent 
of  mails,  John  A  Montgomery,  Private  Secretary,  Horace  H.  Thomas; 
Cashier,  Charles  Catlin;  Book-keeper,  T.  R.  Melody;  Superintendent  of  City 
Delivery,  M.  J.  McGrath ;  Superintendent  Money  order  Division,  H.  P. 
Thompson  ;  Superintendent  of  Registry  Division,  R.  T.  Howard. 

Outlying  Chicago  Post-offices. — There  are,  aside  from  the  general  post-office 
and  its  branches  in  the  different  divisions  of  the  old  city,  fifty-eight  separate 
and  distinct  post-offices  within  the  corporate  limits  of  Chicago,  as  follows: 
Argyle  Park,  corner  Winthrop  avenue  and  Argyle  street;  Auburn  Park, 
corner  Seventy-ninth  and  Wright  streets;  Avondale,  corner  of  Kenzie  and 
Belmont  avenues;  Bowmanville,  Lincoln  avenue,  near  Fifty-ninth  street; 


GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

Buena-Park,  opposite  railroad  station  of  lhat  name;  Burnside  Crossing,  cor- 
ner Cottage  Grove  and  Lyon  avenues;  Calumet,  Clinton,  near  Eighty-ninth 
street;  Central  Park,  4131  West  Lake  street;  Cheltenham,  159  Cheltenham 
place;  Chicago  Lawn,  corner  Sixty-third  street  and  Central  Park  avenue; 
Colehour,  10301  Avenue  K;  Cragin,  opposite  railroad  station  of  that  name; 
Crawford,  Butler  avenue,  near  Twenty-fourth  streeet;  Cummings,  Torrence 
avenue,  near  One  Hundred  and  Seventh  street;  Dunning,  corner  of  Cherry 
street  and  Irving  Park  boulevard;  Edgewater,  on  Chicago  &  Evanston  rail- 
road; Elsdon,  Fifty-first  street,  near  Trumbull  avenue;  Englewocd,  6211 
Wentworth  avenue;  Englewood  Heights,  corner  Eighty-ninth  and  Page 
streets;  Forest  Glen,  corner  Elston  and  Forest  Glen  avenues;  Forest  Hill, 
corner  Seventy -ninth  and  Robey  streets;  Gano,  corner  One  Hundred  and 
Sixteenth  and  Dearborn  streets;  Grand  Crossing,  corner  Seventy-fifth  street 
and  Wilson  avenue;  Havelock,  corner  Front  street  and  Cemetery  avenue. 
Hegewisch,  13303  South  Chicago  avenue ;  Herinosa,  Armitage  street,  near 
Keeney;  High  Ridge,  corner  Weber  avenue  and  Chicago  &  North-Western 
railway;  Irving  Park,  Charles  avenue,  near  Irving  Park  boulevard;  Jefferson, 
Milwaukee  avenue,  near  Maynard  street;  Judd,  corner  Ninety-third  street 
and  Washington  avenue;  Kensington,  Kensington  avenue,  near  Front  street; 
Linden  Park,  corner  Robinson  avenue  and  Einzie  street;  Mandell,  corner 
West  Forty-eighth  and  Harrison  streets;  Maplewood,  corner  of  Evergreen 
and  Maplewood  avenues;  Mayfair,  St.  James  street,  near  Franklin;  Mont 
Clare,  at  the  railroad  station  of  that  name;  Moreland,  corner  West  Forty- 
eighth  and  Kinzie  streets;  Pacific,  at  the  railroad  station  of  that  name;  Park 
Manor,  6760  South  Chicago  avenue;  Parkside,  Stony  Island  avenue,  near 
Sixty-ninth  street;  Pullman,  corner  Morse  avenue  and  One  Hundred  and 
Twelfth  street;  Ravenswood,  east  of  Ravenswood  park,  near  Wilson  avenue; 
Riverdale,  corner  Indiana  avenue  and  One  Hundred  and  Thirty-sixth  street; 
Roseland,  corner  Michigan  avenue  and  Union  street;  Simons,  Kimball  ave- 
nue, near  Bloomingdale  road;  South  Chicago,  9150  Commercial  avenue; 
South  Englewood,  corner  Vincennes  avenue  and  Halsted  street;  South 
Lynne,  Sixty-fifth  street  and  Chicago,  St.  Louis  &  Pittsburgh  railroad;  Sum- 
merdale,near  Fifty-ninth  street  and  Ravenswood  park;  Washington  Heights; 
Wildwood,  Indiana  avenue,  near  One  Hundred  and  Thirty-third  street; 
Woodlawn  Park,  corner  Sixty-third  street  and  Illinois  Central  railroad. 

Post-office  Bvilfling. — Located  on  the  square  bounded  by  Adams  street 
on  the  north,  Jackson  street  on  the  south,  Dearborn  street  on  the  east  and 
Clark  street  on  the  west,  in  the  heart  of  the  business  center,  within  easy  walk- 
ing distance  of  all  the  great  hotels,  railroad  depots  and  street  car  terminals. 
The  erection  of  the  building  was  commenced  in  1871,  after  the  great  fire,  in 
which  the  old  post-office  building,  northwest  corner  of  Dearborn  and  Mon- 
roe streets,  where  the  First  National  Bank  building  now  stands,  was 
destroyed.  Architecturally  and  mechanically  the  structure  is  a  failure. 
Although  costing  in  the  neighborhood  of  $5,000,000,  it  has  been  an  eyeaore 
to  the  people  of  Chicago,  a  perfect  blot  upon  the  architectural  beauty  of  the 
city,  and  inconvenient,  inadequate  and  unsafe  for  the  purposes  to  which  it  is 
dedicated.  When  erected  it  was  supposed  to  be  large  enough  to  meet  the 
demands  of  the  Chicago  postal  service  for  fifty  years  to  come.  Inside  of 
ten  years  it  proved  to  be  too  small.  The  building  as  it  stands  to-day  is 
hardly  worth  a  description.  The  visitor,  however,  will  be  interested  in 
walking  through  it,  because  of  the  immense  volume  of  business  conducted 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS.  80 

there,  and  the  bustling  crowds  to  be  met  with  in  the  corridors.  A  new  post- 
offlce  to  cost  between  $5,000,000  and  f  6,000,000  will  shortly  take  its  place. 
Whether  the  same  site  will  be  occupied  is  not  definitely  settled  at  this  writ- 
ing. The  building  is  also  occupied  by  the  Custom-house  officers  and  the 
United  States  courts. 

Postal  Notes. — Postal  notes  for  sums  not  exceeding  $4.99  will  be  issued  on 
payment  of  a  fee  of  three  cents  each.  These  notes  are  made  payable  to 
bearer  at  any  money  order  office  in  the  United  States  which  the  purchaser 
may  designate. 

Railway  Mail  Service. — Room  83  Postofflce  building.  Superintendent  of 
Sixth  Division,  L.  L.  Troy;  Asst.  Supt.,  E.  L.  West. 

Railway  Post-offices. — Railway  post-offices  are  established  on  all  lines  from 
Chicago.  These  offices  run  upon  nearly  all  trains,  and  letters  may  be  mailed 
at  the  cars  up  to  the  moment  prior  to  the  departure  of  the  trains.  Stamps  of 
the  denomination  of  two  cents  may  be  had  at  the  cars. 

Rates  of  Postage. — The  letter  rate  of  postage  is  two  cents  for  each  ounce, 
or  fraction  thereof,  throughout  the  United  States  and  Dominion  of  Canada. 
The  postage  on  letters  dropped  in  the  office  for  delivery  in  the  city  is  two 
cents  per  ounce.  All  letters  must  be  fully  prepaid  by  stamps.  The  following 
classes  of  letters  are  not  advertised:  Drop  letters,  box  letters,  letters  directed 
and  sent  to  hotels  and  thence  returned  to  the  post-office  as  unclaimed;  letters 
returned  from  the  dead-letter  office  to  writers,  and  card  request  letters;  circu- 
lars, free  packets,  containing  documents,  speeches,  and  other  printed  matter. 
N.  B. — A  request  for  the  return  of  a  letter  to  the  writer  within  thirty  days  or 
less,  written  or  printed  with  the  writer's  name,  post-office  and  State  across 
the  left-hand  side  of  the  envelope,  on  the  face  side,  will  be  complied  with. 
Such  letters  will  be  returned  to  the  writer  free  of  postage. 

Mail  Matter  of  the  Second  Class. — This  class  embraces  newspapers  and 
)ther  periodical  publications,  issued  not  less  than  four  times  a  year,  from  a 
inown  office  of  publication,  and  bearing  a  date  of  issue,  and  which  have  no 
iloth,  leather,  or  other  substantial  binding.  Such  publications  must  have  a 
legitimate  list  of  subscribers,  and  must  not  be  designed  primarily  for  adver- 
tising purposes,  or  for  free  circulation.  The  rate  of  postage  on  second-class 
wiatter,  when  sent  from  the  office  of  publication  (including  sample  copies),  or 
v;hen  sent  from  a  news  agent  to  actual  subscribers,  or  to  other  news  agents, 
is  one  cent  per  pound,  or  fraction  thereof;  but  if  sent  by  any  other  than  the 
publisher,  or  a  news  agent,  is  one  cent  for  each  four  ounces,  or  fraction 
hereof. 

Mail  Matter  of  the  TJiird  Class. — This  class  embraces  transient  news- 
papers and  periodicals,  books  (printed),  photographs,  ciiculais,  proof-sheets, 
and  corrected  proof-sheets  with  manuscript  copy  accompanying  the  same, 
and  all  matter  of  the  same  general  character,  as  above  enumerated.  The  rate 
of  postage  is  one  cent  for  each  two  ounces,  or  fractional  part  thereof, 
except  on  transient  newspapers  and  periodicals  of  the  second  class,  which 
will  be  one  cent  for  each  four  ounces,  or  fraction  thereof. 

Mail  Matter  of  tlie  Fourth  Ckus. — This  class  embraces  labels,  patterns, 
playing  cards,  addressed  tags,  paper  sacks,  wrapping  paper, and  blotting  pads, 
with  or  without  printed  advertisements  thereon,  bill  heads,  letter  heads, 
envelopes  plain,  or  printed  addresses  thereon,  ornamented  paper,  and  all 


90  GUIDE   TO   CHCAGO. 

other  matter  of  the  same  general  character.  Thisclass  also  includes  merchan- 
dise and  samples  of  merchandise,  models,  samples  of  ores,  metals,  minerals, 
seeds,  &c.,  and  any  other  matter  not  included  in  the  first,  second  or  third 
classes,  and  which  is  not  in  its  form  or  nature  liable  to  damage  the  contents 
of  the  mail  bag,  or  harm  the  person.  Postage  rate  thereon,  one  cent  for 
each  ounce,  or  fraction  thereof. 

Receipts  and  Revenues  of  t/ie  Chicago  Post-office. — The  receipts  and  dis- 
bursements of  the  Chicago  oilice  and  sub  stations  (exclusive  of  the  fifty-eight 
outlying  post-offices)  for  the  year  1891  show  a  net  profit  of  $2,500,000,  an 
increase  of  $500,000  over  the  year  1890.  During  the  same  period  the  mail 
matter  dispatched  from  the  Chicago  office  amounted  to  33,065,063  pounds,  or 
336,894,627  pieces,  a  large  increase  over  the  previous  year,  while  the  number 
of  registered  articles  handled  and  not  included  in  the  above  amounted  to 
3,282,585  pieces,  an  increase  of  184,599  pieces  over  the  year  1890.  In  addition 
to  this,  the  number  of  money-order  transactions  reached  1,917,689,  aggrega- 
ting a  sum  of  $20,396.166,  an  increase  over  the  year  1890  of  $1,107,219  in  that 
department  of  the  office  alone.  The  amount  of  mail  in  transit  through  the 
city  of  Chicago  and  transferred  from  incoming  to  outgoing  trains  is  estimated 
to  have  reached  the  enormous  bulk  of  62,600  tons  for  the  year,  an  increase 
over  the  year  1890  of  35,225  tons. 

Receipts  for  1S91. — The  receipts  of  the  Chicago  post  office  for  1891  were 
$3,679,265,  as  against  $3,318,889  for  1890 ;  percentage  of  increase  101  per 
cent. 

Registry  Department. — Letters  can  be  registered  to  all  parts  of  the  United 
States  upon  payment  of  a  fee  of  ten  cents  in  addition  to  the  regular  postage. 

Salaries  of  Officers. — Postmaster,  $6,000  per  annum;  assistant  postmaster, 
$3,000;  the  superintendent  of  the  city  delivery,  $2,700;  the  superintendent  of 
mails,  $2.700;  the  superintendent  of  the  money  order  department,  $2,400;  the 
superintendent  of  the  registry  department,  §2,400  ;  the  cashier,  $2,600  ;  the 
accountant,  $1,700  per  annum;  clerks,  from  $800  to  $1,200,  according  to  length 
of  service;  carriers,  from  $600  to  $1,000,  according  to  length  of  service. 

United  States  Money  Order  System. — The  Fees  for  Money-orders  are  :  On 
orders  not  exceeding  $5 — Scents;  over  $5  and  not  exceeding  $10 — Scents; 
over  $10  and  not  exceeding  $15 — 10  cents  ;  over  $15  and  not  exceeding  $30 — 
15  cents  ;  over  $30  and  not  exceeding  $40—20  cents  ;  over  $40  and  not  exceed- 
ing $50 — 25  cents  ;  over  $50  and  not  exceeding  $60- -30  cents  ;  over  $60  and 
not  exceeding  $70—35  cents  ;  over  $70  and  not  exceeding  $80 — 40  cents  ;  over 
$80  and  not  exceeding  $100—45  cents  ;  no  fraction  of  cents  to  be  introduced 
in  the  order.  No  single  order  issued  for  more  than  $100.  Parties 
desiring  to  remit  larger  sums  mast  obtain  additional  money-orders.  No 
applicant,  however,  can  obtain  in  one  day  more  than  three  orders  payable  at 
the  same  office  and  to  the  same  payee. 

PUBLIC  EDUCATION. 

The  public  schools  of  Chicago  are  conducted  under  the  supervision  of  a 
board  of  education,  which  consists  of  male  and  female  members,  appointed 
by  the  mayor,  and  who  are  about  equally  divided  politically.  The  executive 
department  is  in  charge  of  a  superintendent,  eight  assistant  superintendents, 


CHICAGO    AS    IT   IS. 


a  Supervisor  and  assistant  supervisor  of  evening  schools*  a  clerk,  an  attorney, 
school  agent,  business  manager,  chief  engineer,  auditor,  assistant  clerk,  assist- 
ants to  business  manager,  stenographers  and  .type-writers,  and  manager 
and  assistants  in  supply  department. 

City  and  County  Public  Schools. — The  following  is  a  summary  of  miscel- 
laneous statistics,  compiled  by  the  county  superintendent  of  schools,  from 
the  reports  of  township  trustees  for  1889-1890.  It  contains  later  statistics  of 
the  city  public  schools  than  any  issued  by  the  Chicago  Board  of  Education: 


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS. 

Chicago. 

County 
excluding 
Chicago. 

Whole 
County. 

No.  ungraded  schools  

131 

131 

No.  graded  schools  

180 

67 

2il 

No.  high  schools  .... 

12 

5 

16 

'Whole  No.  schools  

192 

193 

C98 

Average  No.  of  months  schools  sustained  

9.10 

8  4 

9 

Ch  ildren  under  21  years  

473,234 

429  1«4 

516  138 

Between  6  and  21  years  

289,483 

28,171 

317  604 

No.  in  graded  public  schools  

146,751 

10,890 

146,441 

4  460 

4  460 

No  enrolled  in  private  schools  

6'?,713 

3,8P6 

66'  6(9 

Total  in  public  and  private  schools  

198,264 

19,246 

217,510 

11  415 

No.  teachers  in  public  schools      

3,%9 

409 

3,251 

1,164 

145 

1,809 

No  unable  to  rend  or  write         .             

2,599 

36 

2,635 

Principal  of  township  funds  

$    911,8  4 

$  2<M,536 

$1,116,371 

Total  district  tax  levy  

4,250,000 

367,457 

4,617,457 

Bonded  school  debt  

2,036.000 

364,659 

2,400,650 

Estimated  value  township  fund  lands  

3,963,  "31 

942,211 

4.9C5.440 

Cook  County  Normal  ScJiool. — Situated  on  Stewart  avenue,  near  Sixty- 
seventh  streets.  Post-office  address,  Englewood,  Cook  county.  Take  train 
at  Van  Buren  street  depot,  Van  Buren  and  Sherman  streets.  An  institution 
for  the  higher  education  of  public  school  graduates  desirous  of  becoming 
teachers. 

Compulsory  Education. — There  is  a  compulsory  education  law  in  force  in 
this  State,  the  provisions  of  which  would  require  too  much  space  to  set  forth. 
In  effect,  however,  it  provides  that  all  children  between  the  ages  of  seven  and 
fourteen  years  shall  be  in  some  school  for  at  least  sixteen  weeks  of  each  year. 
It  does  not  insist  upon  attendance  at  public  schools.  They  may  be  public, 
private,  T  parochial,  but  the  law  flatly  states  that  all  children  who  are  able 
must  be  at  school  somewhere  for  the  time  specified.  Reasonable  exceptions 
are  made,  of  course,  and  are  observed  at  the  discretion  of  the  truant  agents. 
The  process  of  picking  up  a  child  from  the  streets  and  placing  him  in  school 
is  called  by  the  agents  "an  investigation."  About  20,000  investigations  were 
made  m  the  school  year  1890-91.  Over  11,200  children  were  placed  in  school 
and  the  others  were  excused  for  proper  causes.  The  amount,  of  work  done 
showed  a  great  increase  over  that  of  the  previous  year.  During  the  entire 
nine  months  of  the  school  year  of  1889,  there  were  but  a  few  over  8,000  inves- 
tigations, and  less  than  3.000  children  were  placed  in  schools. 


92 


GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 


Receipts  and  Expenditures. — Summary  of  receipts  and  expenditures  In 
districts,  as  shown  by  reports  of  township  treasurers  for  1889-1890: 


RECEIPTS. 

Chicago. 

Excluding 
Chicago. 

Whole 
County. 

Balance  in  hands  township  treas.  July  1  

$     82,374 

$    405,374 

$1  297  749 

State,  county  and  townsnip    funds  distributed  by 
trustees  

462,347 

2931 

484  278 

Special  district  taxes  received  

2,581,456 

375350 

2956  806 

44  674 

44  f>74 

Temporary  loans  and  other  sources  

310503 

31  768 

312'272 

Total  

4  246,682 

878,993 

5  125682 

EXPENDITURES. 

Paid  to  teachers    

2  021  779 

294,511 

t  316  291 

N  ew  school  houses  

68H,373 

86,175 

774  548 

39  79J 

12084 

51  874 

Repairs  and  improvements    

241,116 

36  891 

278  008 

School  furniture  and  apparatus  

48,276 

11,504 

59  780 

.Libraries  

9,882 

57,521 

433397 

Paid  district  clerks  

27,377 

2,208 

29585 

Paid  on  district  bonds  .  . 

77,500 

47,631 

125  130 

Paid  interest  on  district  bonds  

105,583 

25,488 

131  089 

Miscellaneous            

151,667 

211,149 

362  817 

Total                             

$3,787,222 

$    785,413 

$4  572,635 

Balance  in  treasurer's  hands  due  district  

459,460 

936,865 

653,046 

Total  

$4,246,682 

$    878,499 

$5,135,682 

Manual  Training  in  tlie,  Public  Schools. — The  Chicago  English  High  and 
Manual  Training  School,  for  instruction  in  the  mechanical  arts,  was  opened 
in  August,  1890,  and  occupies  the  large  public  school  building  on  West 
Monroe  street,  near  Halsted  street.  This  school  is  under  the  direction  of 
the  city  board  of  education.  Albert  R.  Robinson  is  the  principal.  In  grade  the 
manual  training  school  ranks  with  the  high  schools,  and  no  student  is  admit- 
ted until  he  hag  passed  through  the  grammar  grade.  Promotion  cards 
entitling  the  holder  to  be  admitted  to  the  ordinary  high  school  will  admit 
him  also  to  the  polytechnic  school.  A  full  term,  three  years'  course,  has  been 
laid  down,  and  when  the  student  has  completed  this,  he  will  be  graduated 
with  honors  and  a  diploma,  the  same  as  if  he  had  gone  through  the  high 
school.  Three  years  aero  the  school  board  decided  to  provide  a  manual  train- 
ing course  of  study.  Those  who  desired  to  take  advantage  of  the  study  were 
excused  from  certain  branches  in  the  high  school  and  went  to  the  training 
school  at  noon  to  take  the  lessons.  In  1889  there  were  about  seventy-five  stu- 
denls  in  the  manual  training  classes,  but  the  division  of  work  between  this 
and  the  high  school  was  far'from  satisfactory  to  the  board,  and  hence  the  old 
scheme  was  abolished,  and  the  necessary  step  was  taken  to  launch  the  new 
school.  The  previous  work  had  gone  no  deeper  than  working  in  wood.  Now 
all  of  the  departments  are  added.  Blacksmith  forges  are  placed  in  the  base- 
ment, and  all  the  machinery  is  located  on  that  floor  also.  The  first  floor  it 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS.  93 

given  up  to  the  wood-working  trades,  while  the  upper  floors  are  utilized  by 
the  classes  in  English,  mathematics  and  the  natural  sciences.  There  is  a 
course  in  commercial  law  and  practical  book-keeping,  and  every  effort  is 
made  to  send  each  student  away  with  a  sufficient  knowledge  both  of  busi- 
ness aad  the  trades  to  help  him  in  almost  any  line  of  work  which  it  may  be 
his  lot  to  follow.  By  glancing  over  the  curriculum  below  it  will  be  seen  that 
none  of  the  essential  high-school  branches  are  neglected.  The  idea  is  to 
combine  the  practical  and  theoretical  as  far  as  possible.  The  Latin  and 
Greek  branches  are  lopped  off  the  regular  high-school  course  as  well  as  some 
of  the  higher  sciences,  such  as  geology,  astronomy,  biology,  etc.  Professor 
Clafliu  has  six  assistants,  all  skilled  in  the  different  arts.  A  new  building 
(3  stories)  for  use  as  a  workshop  ha§  been  erected  during  the  past  year  to 
accommodate  the  increased  attendance. 

Free  Night  Schools.— The  term  of  the  night  schools  is  three  mo»ths  every 
winter  preceding  the  holidays.  The  total  enrollment  at  the  above  schools  last 
winter  was  about  12,000.  New  schools  and  new  branches  of  study  are  added 
every  year.  The  Board  of  Education  is  paying  more  attention  and  attaching 
more  importance  to  free  might  instruction  now  than  ever  before. 

Physical  Culture  in  the  Public  Schools. — When,  Nov.  4,  1885,  the  Board 
of  Education  appointed  Henry  Suder,  instructor  at  the  North  Side  Turner 
Hall,  and  a  graduate  of  the  Normal  Training  School,  of  Milwaukee,  as  a 
special  teacher  of  physical  culture,  it  was  a  test.  Prof.  Suder  had  only  four 
schools  to  teach  then — the  old  Douglas  on  the  South  Side,  the  Brown  and 
King  schools  on  the  West  Side,  and  the  Lincoln  on  the  North  Side.  The 
pupils  became  at  once  interested  in  the  new  departure,  and  the  teachers  were 
quick  to  notice  an  improvement  in  the  discipline  and  mental  work  of  their 
classes.  In  1886  the  board  extended  the  physical  culture  classes  to  all  the 
grammar  schools  in  the  city,  and  eight  special  teachers  were  appointed  to 
assist  Prof.  Suder.  In  January,  1889,  the  system  was  introduced  into  all  the 
primary  departments  of  the  city,  and  four  teachers  were  added  to  the  physical 
culture  staff.  In  the  following  May,  exercises  were  commenced  in  the  North, 
South,  and  West  Division  high  schools,  Henry  B.  Camann,  a  graduate  of  the 
Milwaukee  Normal  Training  School,  being  appointed  to  conduct  the  classes 
in  those  schools.  In  addition  to  Prof.  Suder  and  Mr.  Camann,  the  following 
teachers  comprise  the  physical  culture  staff:  Grammar  Schools — Herman 
Hein,  Oscar  Weinbrod,  August  Zapp,  William  Kopp,  Henry  Hartung,  Alvin 
Kindervater,  OttoGreubel,  F.  D.  Brasius;  Primary  Schools — Ernst  Hibbeler, 
F.  L.  Jaho,  Alfred  E.  Belitz,  Carl  Graner,  Charles  Cobelli,  Joseph  Grund- 
hofer  and  Mr.  Ferdinand  Rheil.  In  the  primary  schools  the  pupils  are  exer- 
cised in  calisthenics  only.  These  exercises  consist  of  simple  muscular  move- 
ments of  the  arm  and  foot,  arm  and  trunk,  trunk  and  foot,  and  marching  and 
breathing  exercises.  The  arrangement  is  such  that  all  parts  of  the  body  are 
brought  into  play  during  the  lesson.  In  the  grammar  schools  smooth  wooden 
wands,  an  inch  in  diameter  and  three  feet  long,  and  wooden  dumbbells,  shel- 
laced, having  a  combined  weight  of  one  pound,  and  eleven  inches  long,  are 
used  as  an  aid  to  the  physical  training  of  the  scholars.  Wand  and  dumbbell 
exercises  are  practiced  once  a  week  in  all  the  grammar  schools,  and  once  a 
week  the  pupils  are  put  through  calistheuic  exercises.  It  is  in  the  North, 
South,  and  West  Division  high  schools  that  physical  culture  is  most  practiced 
and  appreciated.  The  high  schools  have  more  facilities  to  practice,  and  the 
pupils  enjoy  the  physical  culture  lessons  because  they  are  a  relaxation,  if  noth- 
ing else.  Mondays  and  Thursdays  of  each  week  Mr.  Camann  visits  the  South 
Division  high  school  and  instructs  the  classes  between  the  hours  of  9:45  a.  m. 
and  1:15  p.  m.  The  assembly  hall  on  the  top  floor  is  an  admirable  place 


GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO; 

for  the  exercises  to  be  held  in,  and  a  piano  gives  a  zest  and  spirit  to  the  move- 
ments, which  are  lacking  iu  the  other  schools.  Light  clubs  are  also  used  in 
the  South  Division  high  school,  and  form  the  most  picturesque  of  all  the 
exercises.  Mr.  Camann  takes  two  or  three  rooms  at  a  time,  marshals  the 
scholars,  who  number  from  80  to  120,  and  gives  them  one  hour's  practice. 
Fridays  he  visits  the  West  Division  high  school,  where  there  is  an  assembly 
hall  similar  to  the  one  on  the  South  Side,  and  drills  the  scholars  for  three 
hours.  Wednesday  is  the  physical  culture  day  at  the  North  Division  high 
School.  In  the  Northwestern  high  school  one  of  the  grammar  school 
instructors  devotes  Tuesdays  to  exercising  the  first-year  pupils.  The  cost  of 
maintaining  the  physical  culture  branch  in  the  schools  is  not  great.  The 
salary  list  for  eighteen  teachers  amounts  to  $17,200  per  year. 

Public  School  Buildings. — The  following  is  a  list  of  the  public  school 
buildings  of  Chicago,  with  names  and  locations: 

NORTH  DIVISION  HIGH  SCHOOL — Wendell  and  Wells  sts. ;  NORTHWEST 
DIVISION  HIGH  SCHOOL — Augusta  st.  and  Hoyne  are.;  SOUTH  DIVISION 
HIGH  SCHOOL — Twenty-sixth  st.  and  Wabash  ave.;  WEST  DIVISION  HIGH 
SCHOOL— 8.  Lincoln  st.  and  Ogden  ave.;  ANDERSON — 520  N.  Lincoln,  near 
WestDivisionst.;  ARMOUR  STREET — Armour  st.  and  Bickerdike  square;  BUR- 
LING— N.  E.  corner  Center  st. ;  BLUE  ISLAND  AVENUE — 490  Blue  Island  ave. ; 
BOULEVARD— Armitage  ave.  and  Humboldt  bid. ;  BRAINARD— 587  Washbourne 
pl.;BRENAN — 9535  Lime  St.,  near  Archer  ave.;  BRIGHTON — Thirty-sixth,  W.  of 
C.  R.  I.  &  P.  R.  R.  track;  BRIGHTON  PARK— Thirty-fifth  and  Lincoln  sts.; 
BROWN — Warren  ave.,  between  Wood  and  Page  sts;  BURR — N.  Ashland  and 
Wabansia  aves. ;  CALHOUN — 1277  W.Jackson  st.;  CALIFORNIA  AVENUE — 1119 
California  ave.;  CALUMET  AVENUE — 2643  Calumet  ave.;  CARPENTER — N. 
Center  ave.  and  W.  Huron  st. ;  CENTRAL  PARK — Walnut  st.  and  Kedzie  ave. ; 
CLARKE — S.  Ashland  ave.  and  Thirteenth  st.;  COLUMBUS— Augusta,  between 
Hoyne  ave.  and  Leavitt  St.;  COOPER — 625  W.  Nineteenth  st.;  CRAWFORD— 
Twenty-fifth  st.  and  Delaware  ave.  DEARBORN — 768  Clybourn  ave;  Doo- 
LITTLE— 109  Thirty-fifth  st. ;  DORE — 217  W.  Harrison  st. ;  DOUGLAS— Forest 
ave.  and  Thirty-second  St.;  EMERSON — Walnut  and  Paulina  sts.;  FOSTER — 
441  South  Union  st. ;  FRANKLIN — Sedgwick  and  Division  sts.;  FROZBEL — 
853  W.  Twenty-first  st;  GARFTELD — Johnson  and  Wright  sts;  GEORGE  H. 
THOMAS  —  High  st.  and  Belden  ave.;  GOODRICH — Brown  and  Taylor  sts. ; 
GRANT — 994  Wilcox  ave,;  HANCOCK — S.  Fairfield  ave.  and  Twelfth  st. ;  HAR- 
RISON— 133  Twenty-third  et.;  HAVEN — 1470  Wabash  ave.;  HAYES — N.  Leavitt 
and  Walnut  sts. ;  HEADLEY — Lewis  st.  and  Garfield  ave. ;  HEALY — 3035  Wal- 
lace st. ;  HENDRICKS — York  and  Laflin  sts. ;  HOFFMAN  AVENUE — Hoffman  and 
Milwaukee  aves.;  HOLDEN — Deering  and  Thirty-first  sts.;  HUMBOLDT — 920 
N.  California  ave. ;  HURON  STREET — Huron  and  Frank  sts. ;  IRVING — 45  Lex- 
ington ave.;  JEFFERSON — Nebraska  and  Laflin  sts. ;  JONES — Third  ave.  and 
Harrisonst. ;  KEITH — Dearborn  and  Thirty-fourth  sts. ;  KING — Harrison  st.  and 
Western  ave. ;  KINZIE— Ohio  st.  and  La  Salle  ave. ;  KOSCIUSKO — W.  Division 
and  Cleaver  sts.;  LANGLAND — 121  Cortland  st. ;  LA&ALLE — Hammond  and 
Eugenie  sts.;  LAWNDALE — S.  Central  Park  ave.  and  Twenty-fifth  st.; 
LINCOLN  STREET — W.  Ohio  and  Lincolnsts. ;  LOGAN — Rhine  and  Bremen  sts  ; 
LONGFELLOW — 688  Throopst.;  MANIERRE — 100  Hudson  ave.;  MAPLEWOOD 
— Diversey  st.  and  California  ave;  MARQUETTE — 297  S.  Wood  st. ;  MCALLIS- 
TER— Thirty -sixth  and  Gage  sts.;  MCCLELLAN — Wallace  and  Thiity -fifth  sts.; 
MONTEFIORE — Sangamon  and  W.  Indiana  sts. ;  MOSELEY — Michigan  ave.  and 
Twenty-fourth  st.;  MOTLEY — Snell  st.  and  W.  Chicago  ave.;  MULLIGAN — 


CHICAGO   AS  IT  IS.  95 

Sheffield  ave,,  between  Clay  and  Willow  sts.;  NEWBERRY —  Willow  and 
Orchard sts.;  OAK  STREET— 85  Oak  St.;  OAKLEY — N.  Oakley  ave. and W.  Ohio 
st.;  OGDEN — Chestnut,  between  Dearborn  ave.  and  North  State  st. ;  PEARSON 
— W.  Pearson  and  N.  Market  sts. ;  PICKARD — Hinman  st.  and  S.  Oakley  ave.; 
POLK  STREET— 195  W.  Polk  st.;  RAYMOND — Wabash  ave.  and  Eda  st. ; 
ROGERS — 65  W.  Thirteenth  St.;  SCAMMON — S.  Morgan  and  Monroe  sts.;  SHEL- 
DON— N".  State  and  Elm  sts.;  SHERIDAN — 627  Twenty -seventh  st.;  SKINNER — 
W.  Jackson  and  Aberdeen  sts  ;  TALCOTT — W.  Ohio  and  Lincoln  sts;  THOMAS 
HOYNE — Illinois  and  Cass  sts.;TriROOP — 626  Throopst. ;  TILDEN— W.  Lake 
and  Elizabeth  sts.;  TILTON — W.  Lake  and  W.  F.,rty-fourth  sts.;  TILTON 
branch — Mailer,  near  W.  Forty-eighth  st. ;  TILTON  branch — 4005  W.  Har- 
rison st;  VEDDER  STREET — Vedder,  near  Larrabee  st. ;  VON  HUMBOLDT — Rock- 
well and  Hirsch  sts. ;  WALSH — W.  Twentieth  and  Johnson  sts. ;  WARD — 
Shields  ave.  and  Twenty  seventh  sts.;  WASHBOURNE — 220  W.  Fourteenth  st.; 
WASHINGTON — Morgan,  between  Erie  and  W.  Ohio  sts. ;  WEBSTER — Went- 
worthave.  and  Thirty-third  st.;  WELLS — N.  Ashland  ave.  and  Cornelia  st.; 
WICKER  PARK — 153  " Evergreen  ave.;  WILLIAMS  AVENUE — Williams  and 
Tinkham  aves. 

The  Board  of  Education  expended,  during  1890,  about  $320,000  on  the 
Clarke,  Longfellow,  Foster,  Carpenter  and  Hedges  schools,  new  schools  on 
Maplewood,  Campbell  and  Belden  aves.  and  Wright  St.,  and  completed 
the  Horace  Mann.  The  Hammond,  Mulligan  and  George  H.  Thomas 
schools  were  begun  in  1889,  on  which  have  been  expended  about  $250,000. 
About  $20,000  was  expended  on  schools  in  the  annexed  districts  and  for  sun- 
dry needs. 

Revenue  of  the  Public  Schools. — The  revenue  of  the  public  schools  varies 
from  year  to  year,  because  of  the  changes  (generally  increases)  in  the  tax 
levies  for  school  purposes,  and  for  other  reasons.  The  last  report  of  the 
board  of  education,  however,  gives  the  following  statement  of  revenues, 
which  will  serve  as  an  example:  School  Fund — From  rentals  of  School  Fund 
land,  $512,036,30;  from  State  dividend, $136,313.06;  from  interest  on  principal 
of  School  Fund,  $45,800.04;  refunded  by  school  districts,  annexation  of  1887, 
$19,453  38;  tuition  of  non-resident  pupils,  $1,275.00;  to  correct  errors  in 
teachers'  pay-rolls,  $238  10;  unclaimed  pay  of  canvassers  of  school  census 
of  1888,  $62.62;  total  on  account  of  School  Fund,  $715,178.50.  School 
Tax  Fund — On  account  of  taxes  of  1887  and  previous  years,  $918,472.16; 
ou  account  of  tax  of  1883,  $1,200,078.26;  total  on  account  of  School  Tax 
Fund,  $2,118,550.42.  Miscellaneous  sources — From  sale  of  old  furniture,  old 
lead,  steam-pipe,  old  iron,  stoves,  etc.,  $2,100.64;  from  rebates  on  special 
assessments,  $9,495.88;  from  sale  of  old  buildings,  $1,256,00;  from  forfeited 
deposit  of  contractor,  $117.00;  total  from  miscellaneous  sources,  $12,969.52; 
total  actual  cash  receipts,  $2,846,698.44. 

Salaries  of  School  Employes. — The  following  are  the  salaries  of  school 
employes  of  the  City  of  Chicago,  corrected  up  to  the  spring  of  1892. 
SUPERINTENDENTS: — Superintendent  of  Schools,  $5,000;  Two  Assistant  Sup- 
erintendents of  Schools,  each,  $4  000  ;  Six  Assistant  Superintendents  of 
Schools,  each,  $3,500.  SUPERVISOHS  AND  TEACHERS  OF  SPECIAL  STUDIES. — 
German. — Supervisor  of  German,  $2,500;  Assistant  Supervisor  of  German, 
$1,800.  Drawing.— Supervisor  of  Drawing,  High  Schools,  $2,200;  Super, 
visor  of  Drawing,  Grammar  and  Primary  Grades,  $2,400;  Assistant  Super- 
visor of  Drawing,  Grammar  and  Primary  Grades,  $1,800;  Two  Assistant 


96  GUIDE   TO  CHICAGO. 

Teachers,  each,  $1,600;  Three  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  $1,200;  One  Assist- 
ant Teacher,  $1,000;  One  Assistant  Teacher,  $160.  Kinging. — Supervisor  of 
Singing,  Grammar  Grades,  $2,400;  Supervisor  of  Singing.  Primary  Grades, 
$2,050  Two  Assistant  Teachers,  Grammar  Grades,  each,  $1,700;  One  Assist- 
ant Teacher,  Grammar  Grades,  §1,400;  One  Assistant  Teacher,  Primary 
Grades,  $1,500;  Five  Assistant  Teachers,  Primary  Grades,  each,  $1,200. 
Physical  Culture. — Supervisor  of  Physical  Culture,  §2,100;  One  Assistant 
Teacher,  High  Schools,  $1,200;  Eight  Assistant  Teachers,  Grammar  Grades, 
each,  $1,000;  Six  Assistant  Teachers,  Primary  Grades,  each,  $900;  One 
Assistant  Teacher,  half  time,  §500.  Deaf  Mute  Day  Schools.— Principal,  $1,100; 
Two  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  §700;  Three  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  $550. 
Waifs'  Mission. —  One  Teacher,  $650.  HIGH  SCHOOLS.  —  Principal  West 
Division  High,  $2,800;  Five  Principals,  each,  $2,600;  Five  Principals,  each. 
$2,500,  One  Principal,  §1,600;  Twelve  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  $2,000; 
Eleven  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  $1,800;  Eighteen  Assistant  Teachers,  each, 
$1,600;  Seventeen  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  §1,500;  Nine  Assistant  Teachers, 
each,  $1,400;  Eight  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  $1,300;  Twenty-eight  Assistant 
Teachers,  each,  $1,200;  Two  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  $1,100;  Nineteen 
Assistant  Teachers,  each,  §1,000;  Four  Assistant  Teachers,  each,  $900;  One 
Assistant  Teacher,  $800;  One  Assistant  Teacher,  $750;  Two  Assistant 
Teachers,  part  time,  each,  $600;  One  Assistant  Teacher,  part  time,  $500. 

PRINCIPALS  OF  GRAMMAR  SCHOOLS.  First  Group. — Principals  of  the 
Brighton,  Brown,  Burr,  Carpenter,  Clarke,  Doolittle,  Douglas,  Franklin, 
Garfleld,  Lake  View  No.  2,  Marquette,  Moseley,  Raymond,  Skinner,  Walsh 
and  Wells  schools,  each  $2,500  per  annum.  Also  the  following-named  prin- 
cipals, at  a  salary  of  $2,500  per  annum  each:  Laura  D.  Ayres,  Charles  F. 
Babcock,  George  C.  Bannan,  Erastus  A.  Barnes,  Will  J.  Bartholf,  Homer 
Bevans,  Louis  J.  Block,  Henry  C.  Cox,  Emma  M.  C.  Greenleaf,  Nellie  Har- 
dick,  Henry  D.  Hatch,  Frank  S.  Heywood,  Lucia  Johnston,  Kate  S.  Kellogg, 
Cephas  H.  Leach,  Albert  R.  Robinson,  Corydou  G.  Stowell,  John  H.  Tear, 
A.  Henry  Vanzwoll,  Mary  M.  T.  Walsh,  Andrew  J.  Wood.  Second 
Group. — Principals  of  the  Calhouu,  Hayes,  Jones,  Kershaw,  Lake  View  No.6, 
McClellan,  Oakley  and  Sheridan  schools,  each  $2,200  per  annum.  Second 
Group,  Second  Section. — Principals  of  the  Central  Park,  D.  S.  Wentworth, 
Goodrich,  Graham  (Lake),  Harvard,  Keith,  Lewis,  Lake  View  No.  7,  Logan, 
Pullman  (Lake),  Pullman  (Calumet),  Sherman  and  Tilden  schools,  each  $2,000 
per  annum  for  the  first  year  of  service  as  principals  of  schools  in  this  group; 
$2,100  per  annum  for  the  second  year  of  service,  and  $2,200  per  annum  for 
the  third  and  subsequent  years  of  service.  Third  Group. — Principals  of  the 
Doran,  Fifty-fourth  Street,  Hancock  (old  city),  Headley.Hendricks  (Lake), 
Lake  View  No.  1,  Lake  View  No.  3,  Lake  View  No.  4,  Lawndale,  O'Toole, 
Scammon,  Sherwood  and  Thomas  Hoyne  schools,  each  $1,700  per  annum  for 
the  first  year  of  service  as  principals  of  schools  in  this  group;  $1,800  per 
annum  for  the  second  year  of  service;  $1,900  per  annum  for  the  third  year  of 
service;  $1,950  per  annum  for  the  fourth  year  of  service,  and  $2,000  per 
annum  for  the  fifth  and  subsequent  years  of  service.  Fourth  Group. — Prin- 
cipals of  the  Brighton  Park,  Colraan,  Fallon,  Farren,  Forestville,  Hammond, 
Hancock  (Lake),  Maplewood,  Oakland  No.  2  and  Pacific  schools,  each  $1,400 
per  annum  for  the  first  year  of  service  as  principals  of  schools  in  this  group; 
$1,500  per  annum  for  the  second  yearof  service;  $1,600  per  annum  for  the  third 
year  of  service  and  $1,700  per  annum  for  the  fourth  and  subsequent  years  of 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  IS.  97 

service.  Fifth  Group. — Principals  of  the  Amerson,  Brownell,  Carter,  Cornell, 
Cummings,  Duncan  Avenue,  Gallistel,  George  H.  Thomas,  Greenwood 
Avenue,  Hartigan,  Kelvyn  Grove,  Kensington,  Madison  Avenue,  Phil  Sheri- 
dan, Roseland,  Ryerson,  Shurtleff,  Springer,  Sulzer  Street,  Taylor  and  Wood- 
lawn  schools,  each  $1,200  per  annum  for  the  first  year  of  service  as  principals 
of  schools  in  this  group;  $1,300  per  annum  for  the  second  year  of  service,  and 
$1 ,400  per  annum  for  the  third  and  subsequent  years  of  service.  The  salaries 
of  the  principals  of  the  George  H.  Thomas  and  Greenwood  Avenue  schools 
to  commence  January  1, 1891,  on  the  salary  of  the  third  year  of  this  group 
($1,400).  The  salary  of  the  principal  of  the  Roseland  school  to  commence 
January  1,  1891,  on  the  salary  of  the  second  year  of  this  group  ($1,300). 
Sixth  Group. — Principals  of  the  Avondale,  Park  Side,  Scanlan  and  Webster 
(S.  C.)  schools,  each  $1,050  for  the  first  year  of  service  as  principals  of  schools 
in  this  group;  $1,100  per  annum  for  the  second  year  of  service,  and  $1,200  per 
annum  for  the  third  and  subsequent  years  of  service.  The  salary  of  the 
principal  of  the  Park  Side  school  to  commence  January  1,  1891,  on  the  salary 
of  the  second  year  of  this  group  ($1,100). 

Ungrouped  Schools. — Principal  of  Irving  Park  school,  $1,800;  principal 
of  Oakland  school,  No  1,  $1,800;  principal  of  Tilton  school,  $1,800;  principal 
of  Washington  Heights  schools,  $1,300  per  annum. 

PRINCIPALS  OF  PRIMARY  SCHOOLS.  First  Group. — Principals  of  the 
Arnold,  Cooper,  Foster,  Healy,  Hoffman  Avenue,  Jefferson,  Longfellow, 
Manierre,  Montefiore,  Motley,  Mulligan,  Oak  Street,  Polk  Street,  Rogers, 
Talcott,  Washburne  and  Wicker  Park  Schools,  each  $1,400  per  annum  for  the 
first  year  of  service  as  Principals  of  Schools  in  this  group;  $1,450  per  annum 
for  the  second  year  of  service;  and  $1,500  per  annum  for  the  third  year  of 
service;  and  $1,600  per  annum  for  the  fourth  and  subsequent  years  of  service. 
Second  Group. — Principals  of  the  Brenan,  Grant  Langland,  McAllister,  Pear- 
son Street,  Pickard,  Vedder  Street  and  Ward  Schools,  each  $1,400  per  annum 
for  the  first  year  of  service  as  Principals  of  Schools  in  this  group;  $1,460  per 
annum  for  the  second  year  of  service;  and  $1,500  per  annum  for  the  third  and 
subsequent  years  of  service.  Third  Group. — Principals  of  the  Boulevard, 
Calumet  Avenue,  Columbus,  Horace  Mann,  Huron  Street,  Kinzie,  Kosciusko 
and  Sheldon  Schools,  each  $1,250  per  annum  for  the  first  year  of  service  as 
Principals  of  Schools  in  this  group;  and  $1,350  per  annum  for  the  second  and 
subsequent  years  of  service.  Fourth  Group. — Principals  of  the  Hedged,  Ken- 
wood, South  Halsted  Street  and  Wolcott  Street  Schools,  each  $1,100  per  an- 
num. Fifth  Group. — Principals  of  the  Andersenville,  Blue  Island  Avenue, 
Bowrnanville,  Buckley,  Burnside,  Garfield  (Lake),  Hoerner,  J,  L.  Marsh,  J. 
N.  Thorp,  Jefferson  Park,  Lake  View  No.  5,  Oak  Ridge,  Park  Manor,  River- 
dale,  Rose  Hill  and  West  Roseland  Schools,  each  $1,050  per  annum.  ASSIST- 
ANTS TO  PRINCIPALS.  Assistants  to  Principals,  each  $1,100  per  annum.  HEAD 
ASSISTANTS.  Grammar  Schools.  Who  have  served  less  than  five  years  in  such 
capacity,  each  $900  per  annum;  who  have  served  between  five  and  ten  years 
in  such  capacity,  each  $950  per  annum;  who  have  served  ten  years  or  over 
in  such  capacity,  each  $1,000  per  annum.  Primary  Schools. — Who  have 
served  less  than  five  years  in  such  capacity, each  $850  per  annum;  who  have 
served  between  five  and  ten  years  in  such  capacity,  each  $900  per  annum; 
who  have  served  over  ten  years  iu  such  capacity,  each  $950  per  annum. 

SALARIES  OF  MALE  ASSIST  ANT  TEACHERS.  Andrew  Wilson,  Andrew  Engel, 
Burn§jde School,  each,  $750; Michael M.Byrne,  Richard  H.  Stryker,  Martin  G,- 


98  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

Henchy,  Glaus  H.  Claussen,  Doran  School,  each,  $800;  Robert  H.  Rennie, 
Augustus  Haley,  Andrew  B.  Combs,  John  C.  Pickens,  Harvaid  School,  each, 
$800;  David  L.  Murray,  D.  S.  Wenthworth  School,  $1,000;  George  W. 
Miller,  Irving  Park  School,  $800;  Fred.  W.  Kingsley,  William  J.  Tinen, 
Irving  Park  School,  each  $775;  Joseph  Barnabee,  Cummings  school,  $800; 
Richard  J.  Bicktrdike,  Avondale  school,  $800  per  annum.  ASSISTANT 
TEACHERS  IN  PRIMARY  GRADES.  For  the  first  year  of  service,  $400;  for  the 
second  year  of  service,  $475;  for  the  third  year  of  service,  $575;  for  the  fourth 
year  of  service,  $650;  for  the  fifth  year  of  service,  $700;  for  the  sixth  and 
subsequent  years  of  service,  $775  per  annum.  ASSISTANT  TEACHERS  IN  GRAM- 
MAR GRADES.  For  the  first  year  of  service,  $450;  for  the  second  year  of  ser- 
vice, $525;  for  the  third  year  of  service,  $600;  for  the  fourth  year  of  service, 
$650;  for  the  f  ft  i  year  of  service,  $700;  for  the  sixth  and  subsequent  years  of 
service,  $775  i  er  annum.  Second  Teachers  in  Half-Day  Division  to  receive 
$50  per  annum  less  than  the  rates  paid  Assistants  in  Primary  Grades.  Three 
Reserve  Teachers  at  a  salary  of  $700  each  per  annum.  All  changes  in  salary 
to  take  place  at  the  commencement  of  the  school  month  succeeding  the  expira- 
tion of  the  year's  service.  SUBSTITUTES.  Four  Substitutes  to  be  employed  at 
the  discretion  of  the  Superintendent,  at  a  compensation  of  $4.00  each  for  each 
day  of  actual  service.  Other  Substitutes  to  be  paid  at  the  rate  of  $1.50  per 
day  for  each  day  of  actual  service.  CADETS.  All  candidates  for  positions  as 
Teachers,  who  hold  partial  certificates  of  qualifications  to  teach  in  the  Chi- 
cago Public  Schools,  issued  by  the  Board  of  Education,  who  have  been  in 
regular  service  in  the  Schools  for  two  mouths  aa  Cadets,  and  who  have  shown 
such  proficiency  as  to  satisfy  the  Superintendent  that  they  are  desirable  as 
Teachers,  shall,  upon  his  recommendation,  receive  a  compensation  of  75  cents 
per  day,  for  each  day  of  actual  service  in  such  capacity.  After  a  service  of 
six  months  as  Cadets,  they  shall  receive  a  compensation  of  $1.25  per  day. 

Estimate  of  Expenditures  for  1892. — The  estimated  expenditures  of  the 
Board  of  Education  for  the  year  1892  aggregate  $5,996,084,  as  f ollov  s:  For 
s  ilaries  of  superintendent  and  teacbeis  in  the  primary  and  grammar  grades, 
exclusive  of  teachers  of  special  studies,  on  basis  of  salaries  of  1891,  $2,230,- 
825;  less  estimated  revenue  of  school  fund  ($480,000),  $1,750,325;  tuition  of 
pupils  at  Cook  County  Normal  School,  $7,500;  evening  schools,  $110,000; 
school  libraries,  $2,500;  supplementary  reading,  $20,000;  rebinding  books, 
$1,000;  text  books  for  indigent  pupils,  $5,000;  maps,  charts,  globes,  etc., 
$2,500;  payments  toward  pianos,  $1,500;  Expenses  Columbian  Exprsition, 
$10,000;  sundries,  $750;  salaries,  office  employees,  attorney,  and  school 
agent,  $45,000;  salaries,  engineers  and  janitors,  $255,000;  school  supplies, 
chalk,  etc.,  $50,000;  school-house  supplies,  $15,000;  fuel,  $110,000;  printing 
proceedings,  etc.,  $12,000;  supplies  for  sewing  for  40,000  pupils,  $5,000; 
material  for  manual  training,  $1,500;  school  sites,  $200,000;  new  buildings, 
$1,765, 000;  permanent  improvements,  $100,000;  general  repairs, $200, 000;  beat- 
ing apparatus,  $100,000;  apparatusand  furniture, $50, 000;  rentals  of  branches, 
$45, 000;special  assessments,  $40, 000;  incidentals,  $45, 000;  leeal  expenses,  $250; 
support  of  high  schools  other  than  manual  training,  $272.500;  support  of 
English  high  and  manual  training,  $50,000;  drawing — salaries  and  supplies, 
$35,000;  music — salaries  and  supplies,  $30,000;  German — salaries  and  sup- 
plies, $170,000;  physical  culture,  $28,OrO;  compulsory  education,  $25,000; 
school  census,  $15,000;  due  contracts,  less  balance  of  appropriation  '91,  $145,- 
036— $165616;  payment  of  bonds,  interest,  and  orders,  $80,500  Total, 
$5,821,441.  Loss  in  collection  and  costs,  $174,413,  Total  estimate, '92, 
$5,996,084. 


CHICAGO   AS   IT  IS.  99 

PUBLIC  LIBRARY. 

Occupies  entire  fourth  floor  of  the  City  Hall  (excepting  council  chamber). 
Was  founded  in  1872.  The  library  contained  on  January  1st,  Id92,  171,709 
volumes,  and  the  collection  is  increasing  by  purchase  and  donation  at  the 
rate  of  somewhat  over  10,000  volunms annually.  Its  literary  treasures,  many 
of  which  can  not  be  duplicated  at  any  cost,  are  at  the  lowest  estimate  valued 
at  $275,000.  With  an  annual  circulation  and  consultation  of  over  1,500,000 
volumes,  it  leads  the  circulation  of  the  free  public  libraries  of  the  country. 
At  the  Paris  Exposition  of  1889  it  received  the  distinguished  honor  of  an 
award  of  a  gold  medal,  on  an  exhibit  consisting  of  the  annual  report,  finding 
liats  and  a  volume  showing  in  detail  the  administration  of  the  library  in  every 
department.  A  readjjag-room  is  maintained,  which  last  year  was  patronized 
by  500,000  visitor,  450,000  periodicals  being  given  out  across  the  counter. 
There  are  also  reference  departments,  including  general,  patent  and  medical, 
which  are  consulted  by  thousands  of  people  in  search  of  special  knowledge, 
annually. 

A  Cosmopolitan  Collection, — There  is  not  a  more  cosmopolitan  place  in 
the  city  thuu  the  library  rooms.  It  is  a  place  where  the  people  of  all  nations 
from  a  wide  circuit  around  come  for  their  reading  matter.  The  library  iscom- 
posed  of  books  in  all  languages,  selected  with  the  greatest  care.  Naturally,  the 
English  tongue  predominates,  but  every  foreign  and  classic  language  is  well 
represented  on  its  shelves.  As  a  result,  the  library  assumes  a  cosmopolitan 
phase,  because  it  is  so  extensively  patronized  by  the  people  of  so  many  dif- 
ferent nationalities.  The  method  of  securing  new  books  is  simple.  The 
librarian  really  does  the  selecting.  The  lists  prepared  by  him  are  placed  in 
the  hands  of  a  proper  committee,  who  either  indorse  or  modify  thelibrarian's 
choice,  and  the  amended  list  is  finally  voted  upon  by  the  board.  That  the 
majority  of  the  reading  public  who  look  to  the  library  rely  greatly  upon  it, 
is  proven  by  the  many  applications  made  daily  for  the  new  books  they  have 
heard  about  or  read  about  in  the  newspapers.  The  fact  also  proves  that  this 
city  is  the  home  of  intelligent,  wide-awake  people,  who  wish  to  keep  abreast 
of  contemporaneous  thought  and  literature. 

Administration  and  Cost  of  Maintenance. — The  Board  of  Directors  con- 
sists of  nine  members,  of  which  three  are  appointed  annually  for  a  term  of 
three  years.  The  Secretary  of  the  Board  is  W.  B.  Wickersham.  Frederick 
H.  Hild,  the  librarian,  has  three  assistants,  namely,  E.  F.  L.  Gauss,  first 
assistant,  Elizabeth  A  Young  and  KateM.  Henneberry.  There  are  forty -three 
atttendents  regularly  employed  in  the  day  service  of  the  library,  and  twelve 
in  the  evening  service.  With  five  janitors,  one  night  watchman,  one  electric- 
ian, one  expressman,  the  total  number  of  persons  in  the  employ  of  the  Library 
is  ninety.  The  amount  expended  for  salaries  last  fiscal  year  was  $51,440.54, 
which  included  $2,787  paid  for  the  transportation  of  books  to  and  from  the 
delivery  stations.  t,The  total  cost  for  the  maintenance  of  the  library  for  the  year 
was  $102,869.19.  The  estimated  expenses  of  the  Library  for  1892  are  as  fol- 
lows :  Salaries,  $57,000;  books,  $16,000;  binding,  $7,000;  heating  and  light- 
ing, $5,000  ;  delivery  stations,  $12,000  ;  newspapers  and  periodicals,  $4,000  ; 
printing  and  stationery,  $2,000;  finding  lists,  $1,000;  incidentals,  $2,51)0; 
furniture  and  fixtures,  $2,500  ;  rent  of  reading-rooms,  $3,000.  In  addition 


100  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

to  these  suras,  there  is  a  tix  levy  of  $400,000  for  building  purposes,  being  the 
second  of  a  series  of  annual  levies  covering  a  period  of  five  years. 

Branch  Delivery  Stations. — The  most  notable  feature  of  the  development 
of  the  library  during  the  year  has  been  the  establishment  of  four  branch 
reading-rooms.  The  first  of  these  was  opened  in  December  and  the  other 
three  at  short  intervals  since  that  time.  A  fifth  room  will  be  ready  durirfg 
the  present  month.  The  location  of  these  rooms  and  the  average  attendance 
and  number  of  periodicals  issued  is  as  follows  : 

Monthly.       Sun- 
average         il'iy 
periodicals  attend- 
Vixitors.       issued.         anee. 

No.  1.— No.  12<)4  Milwaukee  avenue 4.719          4.973  210 

No.  2.— No.  625  Forty-third  street 1,840          3,433  145 

No.  3.— No.  341  Clybourn  avenue 1,715         -a,^C  173 

No.  4.— No.  164  Fifty -third  street 1,708  ....  30 

The  estimated  annual  cost  of  maintenance  of  these  rooms  is  $2,500  each, 
which  includes  rent,  service,  light  and  heat,  cost  of  periodicals  and  janitor 
service.  The  rooms  are  open  daily  to  the  public  from  9  A.  M.  to  10  P.  M., 
and  Sunday  from  10  A.  M.  to  10  p.  M. 

There  are  now  employed  in  the  service  of  (he  library  eighty-nine  persons. 
The  amount  expended  for  salaries  was  $51,440.54.  There  were  sent  to  the 
five  binderies,  with  which  the  library  had  contracts,  15,190  volumes,  and 
there  were  repaired  in  the  library  14,875  volumes.  The  amount  expended  for 
binding  was  $6,786.41.  The  annual  inventory  shows  134  volumes  unaccoun- 
ted for.  Of  the  135  books  reported  missing  last  year  26  have  since  been  found. 

Character  of  Books. — A  classified  analysis  of  the  entire  number  of  volumes 
in  the  library  shows  that  English  prose  fiction  leads  in  popularity,  there 
being  27,570  volumes  in  that  department  alone.  In  tlie  department  of  Ger- 
man literature  are  found  18,057  volumes.  French  literature  follows  with 
8,225  volumes.  Some  general  idea  of  the  character  of  the  entire  collection 
may  be  formed  from  the  fact  that  among  the  classes  well  represented  are 
those  of  history;  biography;  travels;  poetry  and  drama;  essays  and  miscel- 
lanies; polygraphy  and  collected  works;  fine  arts;  natural  sciences;  practical 
arts  (including  patents);  political  and  social  science;  language  and  literature; 
mental  and  moral  science;  ancient  classics;  religion;  medicine;  law;  period- 
icals and  newspapers;  Government  documents  and  State  papers;  bibliography; 
dictionries  and  encyclopedias;  English  prose  fiction;  juvenile  literature;  Ger- 
man, French,  Italian,  Spanish,  Portuguese,  Dutch,  Bohemian  .Polish,  Russian 
and  Scandinavian  literature.  The  largest  number  of  books  issued  on  any 
one  day  in  1890  was  5,272,  on  February  24th.  On  the  same  day  there  were 
used  in  the  other  departments  1,799  volumes,  making  a  total  of  7,071  vol- 
umes, which  is  the  largest  circulation  reported  for  any  one  day  in  the  history 
of  the  Library. 

Delivery  Stations.— The  number  of  delivery  stations  was  increased  by 
seven  during  the  la^t  year,  making  a  total  of  twenty-four  stations  now  in  oper- 
ation. Of  these  six  are  located  in  the  North  Division,  six  in  the  South 
Division,  and  twelve  in  the  West  Division.  There  were  issued  from  these 
stations  294,880  volumes,  an  increase  of  94,623  over  the  number  reported  for 
the  preceding  year.  Four  wagons  are  required  to  transport  the  books  for  the 
delivery  stations  to  and  from  the  main  library,  and  two  daily  deliveries  are 
made  to  each  of  the  stations  except  the  Irving  Park  and  Ravenswood  sta- 
tions. 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 

PULLMAN  BUILDING,  MICHIGAN  AVE.  AND  ADAMS  ST. 

[See  "  Great  Industries."] 


CHICAGO  AS  IT  IS.  101 

Circulation  of  Books. — The  aggregate  circulation  of  books  in  all  depart- 
ments of  the  library  compared  with  the  circulation  of  the  preceding  year 
was  as  follows: 


1891, 

1890. 

Home  circulation  (main  library)  

(543,022 

640,378 

Home  circulation  (delivery  stations)  

294,880 

5Jol,267 

Issued  to  public  schools  .  . 

3746 

2  336 

Keterence  department  

327,616 

331,81,* 

Medical  department  (closed  July,  1  90)  

1  176 

26,376 

Patent  department  

19,477 

18,319 

Total  

1  290  614 

1  220  479 

The  Circulating  Department  was  open  for  the  delivery  of  books  308  days, 
The  daily  average  number  of  books  issued  for  home  use  was  8.095,  against 
2,749  for  the  preceding  year.  The  largest  number  issued  on  anyone  day  was 
5,291,  February  24;the  smallest  number  1,727,  July  li.  The  amount  received 
for  fines  on  delinquent  books  was  $5,350.88,  or  $497.13  more  than  was 
received  from  this  source  last  year. 

Condition  of  the  Library  in  1892. — At  the  last  annual  meeting  of  the 
Directors  of  the  Public  Library,  Chairman  Shortall  submitted  a  report,  the 
substance  of  which  is  as  follows:  The  number  of  volumes  added  during  the 
year  is  20,078,  making  a  total  of  166,475  volumes,  with  a  total  circulation  of 
1,290,  514, — 942,248  volumes  of  which  were  taken  upon  cards  for  home  use. 
The  number  of  visitors  to  the  reading  room  was  492,837,  and  of  those  to  the 
several  reference  departments,  not  including  the  reading  room,  105,606.  The 
decrease,  some  8,000  from  the  figures  of  last  year  in  the  reference  departments, 
is  attributed  to  the  opening  of  reading  rooms  at  branch  stations,  and  to  the 
discontinuance  of  the  medical  department,  the  contents  of  which  latter  were 
handed  over  to  the  Newberry  Library  at  ils  request  and  at  that  of  the 
original  donors,  with  our  own  concurrence,  and  with  a  view  of  making  the 
same  as  perfect  as  might  be  practicable — the  Newberry  desiring  to  make  such 
a  medical  department  one  of  its  specialties. 

Since  our  last  communication  we  have  under  your  direction  taken  pos- 
session of  Dearborn  Park  for  our  new  building,  having  secured  the  consent  of 
every  owner  of  the  abutting  property  save  one.  this  one  having  promised  to 
sign  when  all  others  had  done  so.  His  consent  will  doubtless  be  added  later. 
A  settlement  has  been  arrived  at  between  this  board  and  the  Soldiers'  Home 
(to  which  latter  was  granted  by  the  Legislature  the  north  quarter  of  this  plot 
of  ground)  upon  a  satisfactory  basis;  the  soldiers  and  sailors  of  the  late  Civil 
War  to  use  and  occupy  as  a  memorial  hall  and  for  other  purposes  of  their 
organization  for  fifty  years,  a  portion  of  the  building  to  be  erected,  with  a 
reversion  thereof  to  the  library — the  library  also  having  a  certain  use  of  the 
Memorial  Hall. 

The  Building  committe  of  the  library  has  begun  the  planning  of  the  inte- 
rior of  the  new  building,  having  called  to  its  aid  most  competent  professional 
assistance,  and  has  completed  the  chief  part  of  that  work — the  basement  and 
first  and  second  stories — and  most  satisfactory.  It  is  designed  to  construct 
the  exterior  of  the  building  so  that  it  shall  be  an  honor  to  the  city,  ethically 
as  well  as  architecturally,  without  profusion  or  meaningless  ornament  on  the 
one  hand,  or  commonplace  simplicity  upon  the  other,  but  aiming  to  convey, 
exteriorly,  that  idea  of  dignity  and  repose  that  should  mark  its  use  and  com- 
pleteness. 


102  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

We  gladly  refer  to  the  bequests  of  our  late  fellow-citizens,  the  Rev.  William 
H.  Ryder  and  Hiram  Kelly.  Mr.  Ryder's  bequest,  amounting  to  $10,000,  has 
been  carefully  invested  for  the  library's  use,  and  according  to  its  terms;  the 
bequest  of  Mr.  Kelly  will  exceed  the  sum  of  $125,000,  as  appears  by  the 
report  of  our  committee,  which  is  also  appended  hereto,  of  date  April  IBlh 
last.  It  is  intended  that  some  special  commemoration  of  those  public-spirited 
gentlemen  may  be  devised  and  their  names  and  generosity  permanently  hon- 
ored within  the  new  building  when  erected. 

We  are  now  entering  upon  a  most  important  step  in  the  life  of  this 
"University  of  the  People,"  the  erection  of  its  own  home,  a  permanent  house 
to  hold  its  treasures;  the  fruition  of  a  hope  that  has  animated  us  so  many 
years.  In  this  we  have  before  the  failurc-s  as  well  as  the  successes  of  many 
others.  *  We  intend,  in  its  construction,  firstly,  that  it  shall  inwardly  subserve 
its  purpose  as  perfectly  as  human  skill  and  foresight  can  design  it,  and. sec- 
ondly, that  it  shall  express  outwardly  such  true  architectural  skill  and  good 
taste  that  it  shall  stand  forever  a  source  of  just  pride  to  those— State,  city, 
and  indvidual — who  have  had  the  honor  of  assisting  in  its  erection,  and  an 
example  to  all  of  the  value  of  a  discriminating,  unselfish,  and  patriotic 
devotion  to  the  public  good. 

Librarian. — The  Librarian  of  the  Chicago  Public  Library  is  Mr.  Freder- 
ick II.  Hild.  He  may  be  addressed  directly  at  the  Library.  The  Secretary 
is  W.  B.  Wickersham. 

New  Library  Building. — The  block  of  ground  formerly  known  as  Dear- 
born Park,  is  reserved  by  the  City  of  Chicago  for  a  great  Public  Librarj 
Building,  the  construction  of  which  will  shortly  be  begun  by  the  laying  of 
the  corner-stone  some  time  in  the  spring,  the  competing  plans  for  the  proposed 
building  being  now  before  the  board. 

Number  of  Volumes. — The  total  number  of  volumes  ?'n  the  library  May  31, 
1891,  was  166,475,  a  net  increase  of  10,232  volumes  over  the  number  reported 
last  year,  which  was  156,243.  The  total  number  of  volumes  entered  in  the 
accession  catalogue  during  the  last  year  was  20,078,  a  larger  number  than 
has  been  added  during  anyone  year  since  1875.  From  this  number  were 
deducted  the  following  items:  Wornout  books,  4,156;  books  lost  and  paid 
for, 268;  transferred  to  the  Newberry  Library,  5,283  volumes  of  medical  and 
musical  books;  books  unaccounted  for  in  the  annual  inventory  of  1889,  108;  ^ 
books  not  recovered  from  delinquent  borrowers  in  1890,  31  volumes.  Of  . 
the  20,078  volumes  added  16,296  were  bought,  1,175  were  donated,  663  were 
bound  periodicals  received  from  the  reading  room,  and  1,944  were  acquired 
from  the  Hyde  Park  Lyceum.  The  amount  expended  for  books  was  $17- 
669.22. 

Percentage  of  Circulation. — The  percentage  of  circulation  for  home  use  in 
each  of  the  seven  classes,  compared  with  the  reports  for  1889  and  1890,  is  as 
follows : 

1891.  18SO.  1889. 

History  and  Biography 10.32  9.70  9.54 

Voyages  and  travels 5.10  4.63  4.56 

Science  and  arts 6.24  6.15  6/0 

Poetry  and  drama "" 3.73  3.12  3.82 

Eng  Lsh  prose  fiction  and  juveniles 62.36  61.77 

Rooks  in  foreign  languages 10.16  11.75  11.25 

Miscellaneous 2.10  2.53  2.86 


CHICAGO   AS   IT   IS.  103 

Reference  Department. — In  the  Reference  Department  326,619  volumes 
were  issued  to  9^,964  readers,  a  slight  decrease  from  the  number  reported 
last  year.  The  classification  of  the  books  consulted  is  as  follows :  Arts  and 
sciences,  16.24  per  cent. ;  history  and  biography,  16.49  percent.;  periodicals 
(bound  volumes),  17.08  per  cent.;  geography  and  travels,  9.70  per  cent.; 
language  and  literature,  9.26  per  cent. ;  encyclopedias,  5.27  per  cent. ;  atlases 
and  statistics  2.23  percent.;  public  documents,  2.44  per  cent.;  bibliography, 
2.58  per  cent.;  miscellaneous,  18.71  per  cent. 

Two- Year  Cards. — The  number  of  persons  holding  two  -year  cards  which 
entitle  them  to  draw  books  from  the  library  for  home  usehas  increased  from 
36,478  to  43,749  during  the  last  year.  The  entire  registration  for  the  year 
was  23,815.  The  number  of  cards  issued  to  males  was  13.357,  to  females 
10,458.  Under  the  new  regulation  permitting  persons  to  obtain  cards  at  the 
delivery  stations  without  calling  at  the  main  library  6,839  cards  were  issued. 
The  greater  number  of  these  were  taken  by  persons  who  had  never  before 
enjoyed  the  benefits  of  the  library. 

Visitors  During  1891.—  The  whole  number  of  visitors  to  the  reading-room 
was  492,837,  to  whom  438,243  periodicals  were  issued,  an  increase  of  56,425  in 
the  number  of  readers  and  of  49,051  in»the  number  of  periodicals  issued  over 
the  report  of  the  preceding  year.  The  average  Sunday  attendance  was  738. 
The  number  of  serials  on  file  was  increased  from  587  to  662  during  the  last 
year.  Of  these  46S  are  classified  as  periodicals,  69  daily  newspapers,  and  125 
weekly  and  special  newspapers  ;  348  are  American  publications,  129  English, 
86  German,  20  French,  42  Scandinavian,  and  37  in  other  languages.  The 
amount  expended  for  periodicals  and  newspapers  was  $2,966.95. 

REAL  ESTATE  AND  BUILDING. 

Building  operations  for  1891. — The  building  operations  in  Chicago  during 
1891  just  closed  were  by  far  the  largest  ever  experienced  in  the  history  of  the 
city.  In  round  numbers  the  amount  of  building  done  in  this  city  during  the 
year  aggregated  $55,000,000.  For  the  year  1890  the  total  amount  of  building 
was  $47,373,209  and  $31,516,000  for  1889.  The  total  number  of  permits 
issued  during  the  last  year  was  $11,476,  against  11,044  in  1890  and 
7,590  in  1889.  The  combined  frontage  of  these  permits  represents 
280,614  feet,  or  about  fifty-three  miles  of  building  frontage.  As  usual,  the 
South  Division,  which  includes  the  business  district,  shows  the  largest  aggre- 
gratecost,  $19,943,800,  as  against  $15,577,500  for  the  year  1890.  In  Hyde 
Park  the  number  of  permits  issued  was  1,990,  against  2,044  in  1890.  The  cost, 
however,  shows  a  decided  increase— $8,505,200,  against  $6,617,400  in  1890. 
The  Western  division  comes  to  the  front  with  a  total  of  3,572  build- 
ing permits  issued,  an  increase  of  565  over  1890,  with  a  combined  front- 
age of  93,020  feet,  and  an  aggregate  cost  of  $13,360,570.  There  were 
1,398  permits  issued  for  Lake  View,  to  cost  $2,850,600,  and  2,931  in  the 
town  of  Lake,  to  cost  $5,625,600.  The  building  of  the  Newberry  library 
swelled  the  total  for  the  North  side.  In  that  division  of  the  city  529  permits 
were  issued,  whose  cost  aggregates  $4,816,000,  as  against  $3,685,000  in  the 


104 


GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 


preceding  year.    It  is  predicted  on  all  sides  that  the  building  operations  dur- 
ing 1892  will  be  as  far  ahead  of  1891  as  that  year  was  ahead  of  1890. 

The  following  indicates  the  great  building  activity  of  1891  as  shown  by  the 
building  permits.  The  totals  given  for  the  years  including  1881  and  1890  are 
from  the  official  figures  of  the  Building  Commissioner.  His  estimate  is  taken 
in  part  for  the  year  1891. 

Building,  Comparative— -The  total  for  last  year  is  far  in  advance  of  any 
preceding  year,  and  represents  the  estimated  outlay  for  the  construction  of 
1 1  500  buildings,  covering  a  frontage  of  over  fifty-one  miles.  The  total 
amounts  of  building  permits  for  each  of  eleven  years  are  given  as  follows: 

1881  $13,467,000    1887  19,778,000 

1883  , 15,842,000    1888 20,3W,000 

1883 17,500,000    1889  25,085000 

1884  20,689,000    1890 47,422,000 

1885 19,624,000    1891  66,360,000 

1886  21,334,000 

New  buildings  erected ;          11,«28 

Feet  frontage 281,654 

Total  cost  $54,010,500 

Total  number  of  buildings  erected  since  1876 67,8t>« 

cost  '     $309,309,379 

"    frontage  '    286  miles. 

Building  Permits  for  1891. — Building  during  1891  showed  an  expected 
increase.  The  totals  inside  the  city  limits  revealed  the  issuance  of  11,582  per- 
mits, for  281,654  feet,  or  about  53  miles  of  frontage,  at  a  cost  of  $54,010,- 
500.  The  character  of  the  buildings  erected  was  far  in  advance  of  any  year 
in  the  history  of  the  city.  Many  of  the  structures  are  the  most  magnificent 
on  earth.  The  following  comparative  table  shows  the  building  permits  issued 
in  1890  and  1891. 


1890. 

1891. 

Months. 

No.  of 
permits 

Feet 
frontage  . 

Cost. 

No.  of 
permits. 

t  -  Feet 
ontage. 

Cost. 

576 

13,556 

$1,320,000 

759 

17,133 

$1  887300 

865 

19,800 

2,226,000 

1,070 

25,786 

2  881  700 

1,329 

29,695 

3,857,600 

960 

24,299 

4  5PO  7(  0 

April        

964 

20,500 

2,767,000 

1,035 

24,386 

4,070  100 

May           .  ."  

1,854 

24,840 

3,388,000 

1,100 

27,481 

4  671  800 

1,064 

21,500 

7,899,900 

1,122 

30,120 

4  786  000 

July    

1,047 

24,570 

•4,789,600 

1,097 

25,147 

4,782,500 

1,038 

24,750 

6,737,000 

1,035 

24,954 

3  711  700 

September  

1,015 

23,442 

.«,676,00') 

1,102 

24,937 

4,324  900 

1,188 

28,890 

4,832.000 

1,137 

27,008 

6  611  000 

November  

824 

16,790 

2,169,700 

759 

18,421 

8,702  700 

588 

12,579 

3,725,  300 

450 

12,000 

3  700000 

Total    

11,583 

260,919 

47,390.000 

11,626 

281,654 

54,010,500 

CHICAGO   AS   IT  IS. 


105 


Real  Estate  Transfers. — The  following  is  the  total  number  and  amount  of 
real  estate  transfers  within  the  city  limits  having  a  consideration  of  $1,000 
and  upward  which  were  filed  for  record  during  the  year  ended  Thursday, 
December  31,  1891: 


MONTH. 

SALES. 

CONSIDERATION. 

January  

2,007 

$12,387  988 

February  

1,589 

10,695  707 

March  

1,8J4 

12,065  120 

April  

2  053 

13,623  598 

May... 

2,<  76 

16,448*826 

June  

1,996 

13,  J56  130 

July  .  .                  

3,77-J 

1  1,754  014 

August  

1,444 

9,093  528 

September    

163 

11,383  472 

October  . 

1,6  0 

9,9^1  056 

November  

1,476 

10.115,088 

December  .... 

1.280 

9,794  319 

Total  for  the  year  1891  

20,800 

140,338,847 

Total  for  the  year  1890  ,  

22,804 

174,172,769 

The  growth  of  Chicago  during  the  last  year  is  something  marvellous,  as 
is  best  illustrated  by  the  fact  that  rents  advanced  and  all  classes  of  residence 
and  flats  are  occupied.  Notwithstanding  the  great  number  of  dwelling  houses, 
apartment  and  office  buildings  erected  during  the  year,  vacant  dwellings  and 
flats  are  very  scarce  and  new  buildings  are  being  occupied  as  fast  as  they  are 
finished. 

Another  feature  of  the  market  during  the  year  1891  is  the  enormous 
growth  of  Chicago  as  a  manufacturing  center.  Manufacturers  from  all 
parts  of  the  country  have  located  in  Chicago,  and  many  more  are  contem- 
plating a  removal  to  this  city,  which  additions  are  bound  to  make  it  the  larg- 
est manufacturing  center  in  the  country.  The  importance  of  this  feature  for 
the  permanent  benefit  and  growth  of  Chicago  can  hardly  be  overestimated. 

Building  Operations  Since  lS76:—¥rom  1876  to  1889  there  were  erected 
in  the  city  37,042  buildings,  covering  a  frontage  of  172  miles,  costing  $176,- 
460,779,  being  an  average  of  3,087  per  year  for  twelve  years,  an  average  of 
14%  milesof  frontage, and  an  average  cost  of  $14  705,065.  The  least  number 
of  buildings  erected  in  any  one  year  was  in  1878,  with  a  frontage  of  about 
six  miles.  The  least  expenditure  was  in  1879.  The  largest  tiansaction  for 
same  period  was  in  1888 — number  of  buildings  4,958,  22  miles  frontage, 
expenditure  $20,360,800.  During  1889  the  number  of  buildings  erected  was 
7,590,  covering  over  34  miles  of  street  frontage  and  costing  $31,516,000. 
The  buildings  erected  in  1890  covered  a  frontage  of  50%  miles.  In  the 
South  Division  1,120  buildings  were  erected,  having  a  frontage  of  29,594 
feet,  and  at  a  cost  of  $15,400,800;  in  the  North  Division  503  buildings,  with  a 
frontage  of  14,055  feet,  costing  $3,681,200;  in  the  West  Division  8,994,  with 
a  frontage  of  91,336  feet,  costing  $13.687,600.  In  Hyde  park  2,052  buildings 
were  erected  with  a  frontage  of  44,481  feet,  costing  $6,624,300.  In  Lake 
2,889  were  erected,  with  a  frontage  of  63,297  feet,  costing  $5,578,100.  Lake 


106  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

View  added  1,051,  with  a  frontage  of  23,518  feet,  costing  $2,350,100.    The 
total  building  transactions  of  Chicago  in  1890  were  as  follows: 

New  bindings  erected 11,636 

Feet  frontage 281,654 

Total  cost $54,010,5(10 

Total  number  of  buildings  erected  since  1876 67,868 

"           cost                                              "        "     $309,309,379 

frontage     '                                     " 5 X86  milep. 

Some  of  the  Great  Buildings  of  1891. — The  Economist ,in  its  annual  edition, 
gave  the  following : 

One  fifth  of  the  total  cost  for  the  year  is  composed  of  22  massive  struct- 
ures, chiefly  office  buildings,  the  majority  of  which  are  well  under  way  and 
nearing  completion,  while  six  for  which  permits  were  issued  during  the  agi- 
tation of  the  subject  of  limiting  the  height  of  buildings  will  not 
be  constructed  for  some  time,  possibly  years.  The  large  buildings  now  in 
process  of  construction  are  as  follows:  The  Unity  at  a  cost  of  $750,000  ; 
Cook  County  Abstract  and  Trust  Company,  $600,000  ;  Ashland  block,  $600,- 
000  ;  German  Opeia  House,  $600,000  ;  the  Newberry  Library,  $500,000  ;  the 
Mecca  apartment  house,  $600,000 ;  the  Venetian,  $300,000  ;  Hopson's  Hotel, 
$250,000  ;  J.  W.Ellsworth's  office  building  at  353  and  359  Dearborn  street, 
$250,000 ;  Chicago  Athletic  Association's  -Club  House,  $200,000 ;  John  M. 
Smyth's  mercantile  building,  "$200,000 ;  American  Express  Company's  Stables 
at  ISebor  and  Clinton  streets,  $200,000.  The  large  buildings  for  which  per- 
mits were  issued,  and  on  which  work  has  not  jet  been  commenced  are  as 
follows  :  The  Marquette,  on  the  site  of  the  Honore  block,  $900,000  ;  Hig- 
gins  &  Furber's,  sixteen-story  store  and  office  building  at  the  southeast  corner 
of  State  and  Washington  streets,  $800,000  ;  D.  E.  Blodgett,  a  twelve-story 
office  structure  on  the  site  of  the  Times  building  at  Fifth  avenue  and  Wash- 
ington street.  $700,000 ;  D.  E.  Bradley,  a  sixteen-story  office  structure  on 
Quincy  and  Jackson  streets,  east  of  Dearborn,  $600,000;  Francis  Barlett's 
sixteen  story  office  building  on  the  south  side  of  Van  Buren  street,  between 
Dearborn  street  and  Plymouth  place,  $600,000  ;  Brooks  estate  on  Dearborn 
street,  north  of  Van  Buren,  sixteen-story  office  building,  $600,000  ;  Byron  L. 
Smith,  sixteen  story  store  and  office  building  at  the  southwest  corner  of  Mich- 
igan avenue  and  Washington  street,  $400,000  ;  William  A.  Giles,  twelve-story 
office  building  at  the  northeast  corner  of  Jackson  street  and  Fifth  avenue, 
$400,000  ;  the  George  A.  Fuller  Company,  a  fourteen-story  mercantile  build- 
ing at  147  and  153  Fifth  avenue,  $400,000 ;  and  Otto  Young,  sixteen-story 
store  and  office  building  at  the  northwest  corner  of  State  and  Madison  streets, 
$288.000;  the  total  involving  an  expenditure  of  $10,738,000. 

Other  notable  buildings  for  which  permits  were  issued  during  1891,  many 
of  which  are  now  completed,  are  as  follows:  The  six-story  store  and  apart- 
ment house  being  erected  by  St.  Luke's  Hospital  at  1423  and  1429  Michigan 
avenue,  at  a  cost  of  $140,000;  estate  of  B.  F.Tobin,  six-story  apartment  house 
at  the  southeast  corner  of  Cottage  Grove  avenue  and  Thirty  third  street,  at  a 
cost  of  $125,000;  B.  Philpot,  four-story  store  and  Hat  buildings  at  the  north- 
west corner  of  Michigan  avenue  and  Thirteenth  street,  $100,000;  A.  Turner, 
a  four  story  apartment  house  at  Forty  seventh  street  and  Ellis  avenue,  $100,- 
000:  John  A.  Lynch,  a  three-story  residence  and  barn  at  562  and  568  North 
State  street,  $100,000;  J.  W.  Oakley,  six  story  warehouse  at  112  and  120 
Michigan  street,  $100,000;  M.  Krause,  six-story  warehouse  at  158  to  168  West 
Randolph  street,  $100,000;  Western  Wheel  Works,  a  five-story  factory  at  127 


CHICAGO    AS    IT   IS.  107 

and  139  Sigel  street,  $80,000;  L.  Wolff  Manufacturing  Company,  to  Deconstruct 
and  add  three  stories  to  the  building  at  91  Dearborn  street,  $75,000;  Frank 
Turner,  five  four  story  and  basement  store  and  flat  buildings  at  1254  and  12581 
North  Clark  street,  $70,000;  Taylor,  Allen  &  Co.,  seven  three-story  houses  at 
5026  and  5088  Washington  avenue,  $70,000;  George  Hankius,  eight  four-story 
flat  buildings  at  the  southeast  corner  of  Twenty -sixth  street  and  Indiana  ave- 
nue, $75,000;  A.  L.  Patterson,  seven  four-story  store  and  flat  buildings  at 
Forty-third  street  and  Evans  avenue,  $75,000;  F.  D.  Clarke,  ten-story  apart- 
ment house  at  333  and  335  Michigan  avenue,  $75,000;  Einstein  &Merritt,  four- 
story  store  building  at  201  and  207  State  street,  $70,000;  the  Citizen's  Brewing 
Company,  a  six-story  brew-house  at  2754  and  8764  Archer  avenue,  $200,000; 
the  Standard  Brewing  Company,  an  $80,000  plant  at  the  southwest  corner  of 
Twelfth  street  and  Campbell  avenue;  Peter  Hand  Brewing  Company,  a  $60,- 
000  plant  at  35  to  47  Sheffield  avenue,  while  Brewer  &  Hoffman  enlarged  their 
plant  to  the  extent  of  $50,000,  and  the  Anheuser-Busch  Company,  of  St. 
Louis,  built  a  supply  depot  at  a  cost  of  $50,000. 

The  city  erected  twenty-two  school  buildings,  at  an  average  cost  of  $70,- 
000,  making  a  total  of  $1,540,000.  The  buildings  are  mostly  three  stories 
high  and  contain  sixteen  rooms,  each  with  a  capacity  for  about  sixty  pupils. 
They  are  constructed  of  brick,  stone  and  terra  cotta,  the  interiors  being  nicely 
finished  and  heated  by  steam. 

SHIP. AND  DRAINAGE  CANAL. 

The  question  of  drainage  is  one  that  has  received  the  most  earnest  atten- 
tion of  the  people  of  Chicago  during  recent  years.  It  involves  so  much  of 
momentous  importance  that  the  State  of  Illinois  has  placed  it  in  the  hands  of 
a  Drainage  Commission,  with  powers  equal  to  those  exercised  by  the  county 
or  municipal  governments.  These  powers  embrace  the  borrowing  of  an  enor- 
mous amount  of  mouey  upon  the  credit  of  the  people  owning  property  in  the 
districts  to  be  affected  by  the  carrying  out  of  the  scheme,  the  condemnation 
of  Und,  the  digging  of  canals,  the  construction  of  dams,  dykes,  docks,  etc., 
etc.,  and  the  general  management  of  the  drainage  system  of  the  district  known 
as  the  Desplaines  Water  Shed.  It  would  require  a  volume  in  itself  to  give  a 
proper  review  of  the  drainage  questioe.  The  chief  features  only  can  be 
treated  of  here: 

Changing  the  Water  Flow. — In  the  remote  past  the  overflow  of  the  waters 
of  Lake  Superior  and  Lake  Michigan  ran  through  the  Mississippi  south  to  the 
Gulf  of  Mexico,  instead  of  as  now — northeast  through  the  Gulf  of  St.  Law- 
rence to  the  Atlantic.  At  the  same  time  Lake  Erie  was  emptying  into  the 
Atlantic  through  Lake  Ontario  and  the  St.  Lawrence;  not  by  the  Niagara,  but 
by  the  Dundas  valley,  a  channel  not  far  from  the  line  of  the  present  Welland 
canal.  Then,  at  some  epoch  unknown  and  for  some  cause  unguessed,  the 
Detroit  strait  and  the  Niagara  strait  were  opened,  Lake  Michigan  slowly  fell 
about  thirty  feet,  and  its  outlet  (now  "the  Divide, "at  Summit,  close  to  nity 
limits,  twelve  miles  southwest  of  the  Court-house)  gradually  filled  up  wUh 


108 


GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 


THE  SANITARY  DRAINAGE  DISTRICT. 


CHICAGO   AS    IT   IS.  109 

mixed  deposit;  so  that  to-day  the  dry  bed  of  "Mud  Lake "  ia  the  sole  remain- 
ing representative  of  the  once  great  southward  waterway.  Within  a  few 
years,  long  before  the  close  of  the  nineteenth  century,  the  old  order  of  things 
must  be  re-established  and  mighty  Michigan  once  more  find  its  waters  flowing 
southward.  The  hand  of  man  will  compel  it  again  to  turn  in  its  bed,  and  lie 
with  its  head  to  the  north  aud  its  foot  to  the  south  as  of  old.  The  canal  which 
is  to  be  built  as  an  outlet  will  carry  a  stream  of  water  160  feet  wide,  18  feet  deep, 
flowing  2  J  miles  an  hour.  Through  this  canal  the  largest  steamers  might  float, 
but  it  is  not  intended  that  passage  through  shall  be  provided  for  them,  because 
the  locks  by  which  they  would  have  to  descend  (151|  feet)  to  reach  the  Illi- 
nois river  are  too  small  and  the  river  itself  is  far  too  shallow  for  their  accom- 
modation. Some  Mississippi  boats  can  come  to  us,  but  our  stately  ships  can 
not  go  to  them.  Each  must  break  bulk  in  Chicago.  Also — an  important 
consideration — light  draft  gunboats  may  pass  and  repass  freely  between  the 
great  lakes  and  the  great  river.  As  we  stand  now,  any  nation  having  control 
of  the  St.  Lawrence  and  the  Welland  canal  has  at  least  the  highway  necessary 
to  command  Lakes  Erie,  St.  Clair,  Huron  and  Michigan  with  all  that  lies  on 
their  shores. 

Cost  of  the  Undertaking. — To  accomplish  the  ends  desired  will  cost  the 
Sanitary  District  (practically  the  city  of  Chicago)  about  $20,000,000. 

Disposing  of  Chicago  Sewage. — Theone  great  object  of  this  ship  canal,  how- 
ever, is  to  dispose  of  Chicago  sewage.  When  the  population  was  small,  the 
city  was  drained  by  the  Chicago  river  and  the  lake.  Years  ago  it  became 
apparent  that  a  change  would  have  to  be  made  in  this  respect.  The  course 
of  the  Chicago  river  is  naturally  into  Lake  Michigan,  but  pumping  works 
were  erected  at  Bridgeport,  in  the  southwestern  part  of  the  city,  which  lift  an 
average  of  40,000  cubic  feet  per  minute  into  the  Illinois  and  Michigan  Canal, 
causing,  under  ordinary  conditions,  a  perceptible  current  away  from  the  lake. 
The  water  thus  pumped  into  the  canal  flows  south  to  the  Illinois  river  and 
thence  to  the  Mississippi.  Pumping  works  at  Fullerton  avenue,  on  the  north 
branchof  the  Chicago  river,  force  water  from  the  lake  into  thatstream,  diluting 
its  contents,  and  furnishing  the  head  needed  for  a  flow  toward  the  Bridgeport 
pumps.  This  means  of  disposing  of  the  city's  sewage  is  wholly  inadequate 
to  its  needs,  and  the  pollution  of  the  water  supply  of  the  city  is  constantly 
menaced.  Measures  have  therefore  been  taken  to  construct  a  large  gravity 
channel  as  an  outlet  for  the  sewage  of  Chicago  into  the  Illinois  river.  The 
Chicago  Sanitary  District  has  been  formed  by  act  of  Legislature  of  the  State 
of  Illinois;  nine  trustees  have  been  elected  to  supervise  the  construction  of  a 
channel;  a  corps  of  engineers  has  been  set  at  work  making  preliminary  sur- 
veys, and  plans  are  being  perfected  for  a  channel  which  will  answer  the 
double  purpose  of  disposing  of  the  city's  sewage  and  establishing  a  naviga- 
ble waterway  for  the  interchange  of  commerce  between  Lake  Michigan  and 
the  Mississippi  river. 

Route  of  the  Ship  Canal. — A  trip  over  the  route  of  the  great  ship  and  drain- 
age canal  will  be  interesting  and  iastructive  to  visitors  who  are  of  an  inquir- 
ing or  of  a  scientific  turn  of  mind.  Starting  from  Bridgeport,  where  is  located 
the  present  pumping  works  (Ashland  and  Archer  avenues),  whose  ponderous 
engines  are  laboriously  lifting,  every  minute,  60,000  cubic  feet  of  the  slimy, 
filthy  water  of  the  river,  at  a  cost  of  $1,000  per  week,  we  strike  right  across 
the  country  to  Summit.  Here  we  come  to  the  bank  of  the  ' '  Ogden-Went- 
worth  ditch,"  well  known  by  name  to  very  many  and  by  face  to  very  few. 


110  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

Sometimes  it  has  been  a  great,  moving  flood,  bringing  Desplaines  water  in 
to  work  harm  to  all  the  low-lying  partsof  Southwestern  Chicago.  Now  it  is  a 
huge  gutter,  dry,  except  for  a  sluggish  rivulet  trickling  along  its  middle. 
Its  purpose  was  to  drain  Mud  Lake,  and  by  its  aid  that  long,  narrow  basin  is 
now  and  has  been  for  many  years  dry  land — at  least  land  dry  enough  for 
agriculture,  and  to  some  extent  for  humble  habitation  by  theunexacting  poor. 
Its  course  presents  few  attractions — none,  unless  the  great  Chicago  Bride- 
well be  called  attractive,  which  it  is  not,  usually — rather  to  be  avoided  if  con- 
venient. 

Eight  miles  out,  at  the  head  of  the  ditch,  is  the  "  Ogden  Dam,''  another 
entity  whereof  many  know  the  name  who  would  not  recognize  the  aspect  if 
they  met  it  in  their  morning  walks.  It  is  a  plank  wall  perhaps  twelve  feet 
high  on  an  average,  running  less  than  100  feet  northerly  and  southerly,  bar- 
ring the  eastward  flow  of  the  Deeplaines  river,  save  when  spring  floods  over- 
top it,  Mud  Lake  becomes  once  more  a  lake,  and  its  waters  flow  with  great 
speed  and  volume  unchecked  toward  the  city,  where  they  enter  the  South 
Branch  and  drive  its  foul  winter  accumulations  out  into  the  lake — our  drink- 
ing fountain. 

So  we  have  reached  the  famous  "Divide."  This  is"  Summit."  Before 
us  is  the  Desplaines,  flowing  toward  the  warm,  torrid  Gulf  of  Mexico;  bebind 
us  the  waters  that  are  destined  to  the  Gulf  of  St.  Lawrence  by  icy,  stormy 
Labrador.  We  have  come  eight  miles  fr  m  Bridgeport,  and  all  the  way  on 
our  left  we  have  passed  the  present  canal,  its  course  marked  by  the  long  high 
pile  ol  rocks  excavated  from  its  bed.  Just  beyond  the  canal  is  the  Chicago 
&  Alton  railroad,  which  closely  follows  its  course  nearly  all  the  way  to  Joliet, 
and  just  this  side  of  it  the  Chicago  and  Santa  Fe,  which  crosses  the  ditch  east 
of  the  dam. 

It  happens  quite  by  accident  that  the  first  stretch  of  the  Ogden  Ditch 
points  directly  toward  the  Auditorium  tower,  and,  as  we  look  back  along  its 
course,  that  square  structure  is  perfectly  visible  with  a  glass — may  be  faintly 
descried  with  the  naked  eye  in  favorable  states  of  the  atmosphere,  looming 
In  the  little  gap  between  the  low  shrubbery  that  has  sprung  up  on  either  side 
of  the  watercourse. 

Turning  our  backsto  Lake  Michigan  we  see  before  us  to  the  southwest  the 
"twelve-mile  level "  of  the  Desplaines.  At  this  dry  time  it  is  almost  without 
current,  and  the  landscape  along  its  banks  is  as  tame  and  featureless  as 
can  well  be  imagined.  Even  the  canal  itself  has  more  fall  here  than  the 
river,  and  its  bed  is  some  twelve  feet  lower  than  the  surface  of  the  stream. 
The  rolling  prairie  near  Summit  changes  to  a  wooded  ridge  coming  in  from 
the  left  as  we  near  Willow  Springs,  a  place  attractive  to  festive  picnickers 
brought  out  by  the  Alton  and  tlie  Santa  Fe  railways,  the  former  following 
the  left  bank  and  the  latter  the  right.  Following  the  tow  path  we  come  in 
sight  of  frequent  piles  of  waste  rock,  showing  that  we  are  entering  the  great 
quarry  district.  The  old  canal  (still  some  feet  lower  than  the  river)  runs  near 
a  high  wooded  ridge  that  marks  the  southeasterly  limit  of  the  valley.  At 
length  this  ridge  begins  to  grow  lower;  we  are  approaching  the  "Sag"  feeder 
which  used  tobring  water  from  the  Calumet  river  anddeliveritto  the  canal. 
Wearily  we  climb  the  hill,  when,  all  at  once,  a  strong,  cool  breeze  greets  the 
beaded  brow,  and  lifting  the  eyes  they  are  surprised  with  the  sight  of  abroad 
green  vale  stretching  eastward  far  below,  bringing  a  silvery,  winding  stream 
and  a  refreshing  breath  of  unmistakable  Lnke  Michigan  air.  Here  is  a  ceme- 
tery and  a  Catholic  priest  in  attendance.  From  him  we  learn  : 


CHICAGO  AS  It  IS.  Ill 

' '  This  is  the  Sag  Bottoms  before  you.  It  is  a  low  area  of  land  running  to 
Calumet  Lake,  some  twenty-five  miles  away.  The  Indians  who  used  to  live 
here  called  the  stream  the  Au-sag-nous-ki,  the  west  grass  valley.  You  see 
that  winding  stream?  Well,  that's  the  Sag  feeder,  the  old  Calumet  Canal. 
Buck  about  '50  they  used  to  run  passenger-boats  down  the  feeder.  There 
wereu'tany  railroads  to  speak  of  then.  The  feeder  runs  clear  through  from 
the  Calumet  river  to  Stony  Creek,  round  Lane's  Island  (which  isn't  an  island 
at  all,  but  only  high  ground),  and  down  through  the  bottoms  into  the  Illinois 
and  Michigan  Canal  just  below  here.  That  is  the  town  of  Sag  over  there." 

We  descend  and  follow  the  feeder  to  its  junction  with  the  canal.  Its 
water  is  low  now,  since  the  canal  was  deepened  (1870),  but  there  is  still  a  cur- 
rent passing  under  the  bridge  of  the  railway,  its  successful  and  dominant 
rival.  From  Hastings  to  Lemont  the  canal  presents  a  lively  aspect.  Quarry 
succeeds  quarry  in  close  succession.  Each  has  its  swinging  cranes  at  work 
loading  track-cars  and  canal-boats,  and  the  canal  is  frequently  bridged  with 
"locomotive  cranes  "running  on  supporting  trusses,  and  carry  ing  huge  blocks 
of  stone  from  the  quarries  to  the  mills  to  be  sawed  or  planed  into  building 
blocks  or  flag-stones.  In  the  quarries  proper  the  scene  is  active  and  the  sound 
continuous.  Steam  drills  and  channelers  bore  and  carve  the  sandstone,  and 
brawny  arms  raise  and  drop  the  heavy  hand-drill.  Here  is  a  line  of  men 
sinking  a  series  of  wedge-holes  into  a  stratum  of  the  milk-white  rock ;  beyond 
is  another  line  driving  a  row  of  wedges  with  fast-falling  blows  of  the  sledge- 
hammer. A  sharp,  cracking  noise  and  the  ;plit  has  run  from  hole  to  hole, 
and  with  a  grinding  sound  a  long,  narrow  strip  of  stone  pushes  out  from  its 
immemorial  bed.  "Do  you  see  those  men  slinking  off  through  the  weeds  on 
the  hill  ?  They  are  getting  out  of  the  way  of  a  blast."  Sure  enough,  in  a  few 
seconds  a  sound  of  cannon-shot  indicates  that  several  blasts  have  been  fired 
simultaneously  by  electricity.  A  mass  of  smoke  rises,  and  as  the  cloud  dis- 
perses it  discloses  a  shower  of  fragments  and  falling  stones. 

Below  Lemont  some  extensive  earth-moving,  "scalping,"  is  doing  by 
steam  shovels  to  s.trip  the  rock  for  quarrying.  Though  the  Desplaines  here  is 
broad,  shallow  and  sluggish,  yet  it  has  already  fallen  a  good  deal,  for  it  is 
now  about  level  with  the  canal  or  lower.  These  inexhaustible  quarries  of 
easily-worked  stone  are  a  great  and  ownly  partly  recognized  factor  in  making 
Chicago  what  she  is  and  what  she  will  be.  Timber  to  the  north,  coal  to  the 
south,  a  great  lake  to  the  northeast,  a  great  river  to  the  southwest,  and  a 
glorious  country  all  around — what  more  could  be  asked  to  build  her  up  to  be 
the  metropolis  of  America?  Nothing  but  something  to  build  with.  And  she 
has  it  all.  Lumber  is  her  great  staple.  Brick,  clay  and  building-sand  are  her 
very  foundation,  and  a  whole  valley  of  kindly  rock  is  at  her  very  door.  In 
truth  Chicago  is  Nature's  chosen  tabernacle.  Vain — vain  and  foolish  for  us 
Chicagoans  to  fancy  that  we  made  our  city,  for  it  is  Chicago  which  haa  made 
us.  From  Lemont  to  Lockport  the  vallev  widens,  the  bottoms  forming  level 
and  open  areas  of  prairie.  At  Lockport  the  river  is  some  twenty-five  feet 
lower  than  at  Lemont.  Lockport  is  a  large  and  interesting  manufacturing 
town,  showing  the  effect  of  the  water-power  which  even  the  old  canal  has 
furnished.  Much  surplus  water  is  now  wasting  here;  not  because  it  is  not 
valuable,  but  because  it  is  the  product  of  Vie  increased  action  of  the  Bridge- 
port pumps,  an  increase  which  has  accrued  too  lately  to  allow  time  to  erect 
the  mills  which  should  be  using  the  power.  The  flood  forms  a  raging  torrent 
forty  feet  wide,  attractive  to  the  eye,  offensive  to  the  nose. 

From  Lockport  to  Joliet  is  eight  miles,  but  the  drainage  canal,  strictly 


112  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

speaking,  ceases  at  Lockport,  thirty-four  miles  below  Chicago,  where  the 
river  bed  becomes  low  enough  to  care  for  the  water.  The  canal  is  under  way 
and  will  surely  be  completed  within  our  own  times.  All  craft  short  of  our 
great  lakers  will  use  it.  By  water  to  the  gulf  and  beyond  will  be  part  of  our 
daily  traffic. 

Note.— -The  canal  and  its  route  are  almost  as  far  from  construction  or 
determination  at  this  writing  as  they  were  when  the  last  edition  of  the  Guide 
was  given  to  the  public.  There  is  so  much  vagueness  connected  with  the  work 
of  the  commission  and  the  engineers,  and  so  much  uncertainty  as  to  plans, 
that  the  compiler  does  not  feel  justified  in  changing  the  foregoing  matter' 
There  is  nothing  better  to  substitute. 

WATER  WORKS. 

The  water  works  of  Chicago  are  among  the  wonders  of  the  city,  not 
alone  because  of  their  magnitude,  but  because  of  the  magnificent  engineering 
features  which  they  present  to  the  intelligent  or  curious  visitor.  The  great 
central  pumping  works  of  the  system  are  as  follows:  Foot  of  Chicago  avenue, 
North  Side.  Take  North  Clark  street" cable  or  State  street  car  to  Chicago 
avenue,  and  walk  east  toward  the  lake.  These  works  are  at  the  Southern 
end  of  the  Lake  Shore  drive  and  should  be  visited  by  all  strangers.  West 
Side  works,  corner  of  Blue  Island  avenue  and  Twenty -second  street.  Take 
Blue  Island  avenue  car.  Central  pumping  station,  West  Harrison  street; 
between  Desplaines  and  Halsted  streets.  Take  Harrison  street  o-r  South 
Halsted  street  cars.  To  visit  the  different  "  cribs  "  situated  in  Lake  Michi- 
gan, during  the  summer  months,  take  excursion  boats  on  the  lake  shore,  foot 
of  Van  Buren  street.  The  fare  for  round  trip  is  25  cents.  The  area  of  Chi- 
cago is  about  181  square  miles,  the  greater  part  of  which  is  thickly  populated, 
requiring  good  facilities  for  an  abundant  supply  of  water.  This  is  drawn 
from  Lake  Michigan  by  a  number  of  separate  water  works,  all  of  which  are 
operated  upon  the  same  plan.  Owing  to  the  perfectly  level  plain  upon  which 
Chicago  is  built,  there  is  no  natural  elevation  available  for  the  establishment 
of  reservoirs.  The  water,  when  drawn  from  the  lake,  is  pumped  directly  into 
the  mains  against  a  stand-pipe  head  of  about  100  feet. 

Description  of  Water  Works. — The  Water  Works  System  may  be  intelli- 
gently described  by  confining  ourselves  to  the  principal  Water  Works,  or 
those  now  in  full  operation.  Two  miles  from  the  shore,  in  the  lake,  a  substan- 
tial structure  is  located,  which  is  popularly  styled  "the  crib,"  within  which 
is  an  iron  cylinder  9  feet  in  diameter,  extending  down  31  feet  below  the  bot- 
tom of  the  lake,  and  connecting  with  two  distinct  tunnels  leading  to  separate 
pumping  works  on  shore.  Water  is  admitted  into  the  crib  from  the  surface 
of  the  lake,  its  flow  being  regulated  by  a  gate.  The  tunnel  first  constructed 
is  five  feet  in  diameter,  and  commiraicates  with  the  pumping  works  at  the 
foot  of  Chicago  ave.,  where  there  are  four  double  and  two  single  engines, 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 

MASONIC  TEMPLE,  STATE  AND  RANDOLPH  STS. 

[See  "Guide."] 


CHICAGO   AS  IT  IS.  113 

which  furnishes  a  daily  average  of  50,000,000  gallons  under  a  head  of  105.7 
feet.  The  second  tunnel  is  seven  feet  in  diameter,  and  extends  under  the  lake 
and  under  the  eity,  a  distance  of  six  miles,  to  the  pumping  works  on  the 
West  Side,  in  which  there  are  four  engines  whose  daily  performance  is  about 
61,000,000  gallons  under  a  head  of  106  feet.  A  new  central  pumping  station 
has  recently  been  built  on  West  Harrison  St.,  between Desplaines and  Halsted 
sts. ,  which  is  for  the  present  obtaining  its  supply  of  water  from  the  seven- 
foot  tunnel  just  referred  to.  It  is  equipped  with  two  triple  expansion 
engines,  built  by  the  Edward  P.  Allis  Company,  of  Milwaukee,  each  weigh- 
ing 440  tons,  including  pumps,  and  each  calculated  to  deliver  15,000,000  gal- 
lons daily  against  ahead  of  125  feet,  with  a  steam  pressure  of  125  pounds. 
With  a  view  to  meeting  the  requirements  in  the  near  future  of  this  rapidly 
growing  city,  a  new  lake  tunnel  is  in  course  of  construction.  The  in-take  to 
this  tunnel  will  be  located  four  miles  from  shore,  to  avoid  the  pollution  of 
the  water  supply  from  the  drainage  into  the  lake.  The  original  plans  con- 
templated an  eight-foot  tunnel,  but  difficulties  were  encountered  in  the 
nature  of  the  soil  which  made  it  necessary  to  reduce  the  size,  and  two  six- 
foot  tunnels  are  now  being  driven.  An  intermediate  crib  has  been  built,  two 
and  one-half  miles  from  shore,  to  enable  the  water  supply  from  this  source 
to  be  made  available  at  an  early  day.  The  central  pumping  station  at  Harri- 
son st.  will  eventually  draw  its  supply  from  this  new  tunnel,  as  will  another 
pumping  station  now  in  course  of  erection  on  Fourteenth  st.  The  latter  sta- 
tion will  be  supplied  with  four  triple  expansion  engines  of  the  same  pattern 
as  those  at  the  Harrison  street  station. 

Cost  of  Water  Works. — The  total  cost  of  the  works    constituting  the 
Chicago  Water  system  is  as  fojlows: 

Cost  up  to  May  6,  1861,  when  the  works  were  transferred  from  Board 

of  Water  Commissioners  to  the  Board  of  Public  works $1,020,160  21 

Expenditures  since  1861. 

Cost  of  water  pipe  laid  (including  labor) $7,812,132  37 

Cost  of  North  pumping  works 918,57314 

Cost  of  West  pumping  works 896,849  37 

Cost  of  first  lake  tunnel 464,866  37 

Cost  of  second  lake  tunnel 415,709  36 

Cost  of  lake  crib  protection 149,431  63 

Cost  of  new  lake  tunnel    232,46619 

Cost  of  land  tunnel  to  West  pumping  works 542,912  63 

Cost  of  new  land  tunnel 254,894  38 

Cost  of  lake  tunnel  crib 70,31910 

Cost  of  lake  shore  inlet 43,871  17 

Cost  of  new  lake  shore  inlet 84,47417 

Cost  of  water  worlds  shop 25,551  73 

Cost  of  water  works  stock 29,318  00 

Cost  of  water  reservoir  fence v. . .  1,702  87 

Cost  of  addition  to  stable  1,01948 

Cost  of  real  estate  for  sites  of  new  pumping  works 200,972  35 

Cost  on  account  of  Central  pumping  works 235,150  11 

Cost  on  account  of  South  Side  pumping  works  141,743  46 

Cost  on  account  of  new  lake  crib 19'i,263  65 

Cost  on  account  ot  breakwater 28,181  93 


Total  cost  of  the  entire  water  works  to  December  31, 1889 $13,772,562  25 

Amounts  expended  in  1890 1,250,00000 

Total  cost  to  December  31, 1890 $15,038,562  25 

Total  Cost  to  Dec.  31,  1891  (estimated) 18,000,000 


114  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

New  Water  Tunnels.— The  new  water  tunnels  will  be  completed  long  before 
the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  is  held  here.  It  is  expected  that  the 
additional  water  supply  will  pa«s  through  these  tunnels  and  be  distributed  in 
the  city  before  the  close  of  1892. 

Source  of  Water  Supply. — The  water  supply  of  Chicago  and  her  environs 
is  taken  from  Lake  Michigan,  which  is  a  part  of  the  chain  of  lakes  and  rivers 
composing  the  basin  of  the  St.  Lawrence.  To  form  some  idea  of  this  inex- 
haustible and  magnificent  reservoir  of  pure  water,  at  the" very  doors  of  her 
people,  it  is  only  necessary  to  give  a  few  pertinent  statistics.  The  chief 
geographer  of  the  United  States  geological  survey  gives  the  following 
data:  Area  of  basin  of  St.  Lawrence,  457,000  square  miles,  of  which 
330,000  belong  to  Canada,  127,000  to  the  United  States.  Lake  Superior 
— area,  31,200  square  miles;  length,  412  miles;  minimum  breadth,  167 
miles;  maximum  depth,  1,008  feet;  altitude  above  sea  level,  602  feet. 
Lake  Huron— area,  21,000  square  miles;  263  miles  long,  101  broad;  maxi- 
mum depth,  702  feet,  altitude,  581  feet.  Lake  St.  Glair,  29  miles  long; 
Lake  Erie,  area,  9,960  square  miles;  length,  250  miles;  maximum  breadth,  60 
miles;  maximum  depth,  210  feet;  altitude,  573  feet,  aud  above  Lake  Ontario 
326  feet.  Lake  Ontario — area,  7, 240  square  miles;  length,  190  miles;  breadth, 
54  miles;  maximum  depth,  738  feet;  altitude,  247  feet.  Lake  Michigan — 
area,  22,450  square  miles;  maximum  breadth,  84  miles;  length,  345  miles, 
maximum  depth,  870  feet;  altitude,  581  feet. 

Temperature  of  Lake  Water. — The  average  temperature  of  the  water  in 
the  lake,  from  observations  taken  at  the  crib  during  the  year  1891,  was:  Jan- 
uary,  32.0;  February,  32.0;  March,  35. 4;  April,  43.3;  May,  51.9,  June,  54.9; 
July,  6.5.9;  August,  60.2;  October,  50.6;  November,  43.0;  December,  37.5. 

Water  Towers. — For  the  benefit  of  those  wlio  do  not  understand  the  prin- 
ciples of  water  distribution  in  a  great  city,  the  following  explanation  is 
given  :  A  tunnel  from  the  crib  in  the  lake  is  built  on  an  iucline  so  that  the 
water  pours  into  a  well  under  t<fe^vater  works.  In  getting  there  it  has  been 
allowed  to  fall  several  feet  bel^'  the  level  of  the  lake.  When  the  pumping 
Is  light,  of  course  the  water  rijts  in  the  well  to  the  level  of  its  source — the 
lake — but  in  Chicago  the  demand  is  so  strong  that  the  pumps  keep  the  water 
in  the  well  several  feet  below  that  in  the  lake,  raising  the  water  from  a  dis- 
tance maybe  sixteen  feel  below  lake  surface.  After  the  pumps  have  thus 
raised  the  water  their  work  is  just  begun.  They  must  now  force  it  out  the 
mains  and  into  the  houses,  just  as  an  ordinary  well  pump,  wiih  the  valve  in 
the  bottom  of  the  well  instead  of  up  near  the  pump  handle,  brings  the  water 
to  the  pump  spout.  The  use  of  the  tower  is  now  shown.  Take  away  a  sec- 
tion of  the  masonry  and  there  remains  an  upright  pipe:  A  description  of  the 
West  Side  water  works  tower  will  serve  as  an  illustration.  There  the  staiid- 
pipe  is  five  feet  in  diameter  and  about  167  feet  high.  It  is  made  of  plate 
boiler  iron  about  five-eighths  of  an  inch  thick,  and  looks  like  an  ojdinaiy 
engine  boiler,  except  in  length.  When  the  water  passes  the  valve  in  the 
pump  it  passes  through  the  main  pipe  close  by  the  base  of  this  tower,  or  may 
pass  under  the  tower.  An  opening  allows  the  water  to  run  out  of  the  pipe 
into  the  tower  stand-pipe.  At  the  West  Side  works  there  are  four  of  these 
main  pipes,  all  opening  into  the  stand-pipe.  Now  comes  the  essential  part, 
whrch  is  very  simple,  when  understood.  The  pnmps  are  started,  say  at  a 
pressure  of  forty  pounds  to  the  square  inch  of  surface.  The  water  is  forced 
out  along  the  mains,  and  through  the  opening  into  the  tower  stand-pipe. 


CHICAGO   AS   IT  IS.  115 

That  will  raise  the  water  about  two  and  one-third  feet  in  the  stand-pipe  for 
each  pound  of  pressure,  which  is  about  ninety-three  feet  for  the  forty 
pounds.  The  weight  of  the  water  in  the  p;pe  represents  that  power,  and 
stands  there  as  an  elastic  spring  or  cushion,  rising  and  fa41ing,  equalizing  the 
pressure  on  the  water  faucets  and  pipes.  If  every  one  having  faucets  on  the 
main  should  close  them,  the  water  pumped  in  the  main  would  have  an  escape 
through  this  pipe,  and  the  result  can  be  imagined — the  pipe  wouldn't  hold  it 
vary  long  if  the  pumps  were  not  stopped.  But  there  is  an  indicator,  like  the 
Iiands  on  the  face  of  a  clock,  which  shows  just  how  much  water  is  being 
drawn,  or  how  much  of  the  power  is  used,  and  the  engineer  regulates  his 
pumping  accordingly.  After  the  above  explanation  it  may  be  simply  stated 
thnt  the  stand-pipe  in  the  water  tower  furnishes  an  equalizer,  so  that  when 
an  engine  is  rv;— ling  at  a  given  rate  of  speed  or  pressure,  the  turning  on  or 
off  of  a  few  more  or  less  faucets  by  consumers  may  not  seriously  and  too 
sudcki-ly  effect  the  pressure  and  supply. 

V/ater  Supply  of  the  Environs. — The  water  supply  of  the  southern  portion 
of  the  territory  recently  annexed  to  the  city,  and  known  as  Hyde  Park 
and  Lake  districts,  is  taken  through  a  five-foot  tunnel  about  5,000  feet  long, 
and  is  pumped  by  two  12,000, 000-horizontal  and  one  6,000,000  vertical  Gaskill 
pumping  engines,  one  horizontal  3,000,000  Knowles  engine,  two  3,000,000 
Cope  &  Maxwell  engines  and  one  of  Henry  R.  Worthington'&  horizontal  high- 
duty  pumping  on  Tines.  This  plant  is  located  at  the  foot  of  Sixty-eighth 
street,  near  the  bouth  Shore  station  of  the  South  Chicago  branch  of  the 
Illinois  Central  railroad.  The  water  supply  of  the  northern  portion  of  the 
annexed  territory,  known  as  the  Lake  View  district,  is  taken  through  one 
twenty  four-inch  pipe  and  one  eighteen-inch  pipe,  and  is  pumped  by  one 
horizontal  12,000,000  Gaskill  engine,  one  horizontal  5,000,000  Worthington 
low-duty  engine  and  a  3,000,000  Vergennes  geared  engine.  A  lake  tunnel  to 
supply  the  pumping  engines  for  this  district  is  now  in  course  of  construction. 
It  will  be  six  feet  in  diameter  and  two  miles  long. 

Suburban  Water  Supply. — Nearly  every  suburban  town,  whether  within  the 
corporate  limits  or  outside  of  them,  has  its  own  water  works.  A  great  many  use 
the  Artesian  well  system  at  first,  but  some,  for  various  reasons,  take  their  supply 
from  the  lake,  the  water  of  which  answers  all  purposes  of  a  domestic  nature. 
Some  of  the  suburbs  have  water  works  of  considerable  magnitude.  Evanston, 
tor  instance,  has  a  system  and  machinery  which  a  city  of  50,000  inhabitants 
might  be  proud  of.  [See  "  Outlying  Chicago."] 


PART  III. 

THE  ENCYCLOPEDIA. 
AMUSEMENTS. 

The  visitor,  whoever  he  may  be  or  wherever  he  may  come  from,  will 
not  lack  for  opportunities  of  enjoying  himself  to  his  heart's  content  in  Chicago, 
no  matter  in  what  direction  his  taste  may  happen  to  lie.  It  is  said  by  those 
who  have  made  a  study  of  the  matter  that  there  are  more  places  of  amuse- 
ment open  in  Chicago  daily  and  nightly  than  in  any  other  city  on  the  globe. 
In  addition  to  such  amusements  as  may  be  termed  strictly  American,  we 
have  presented  to  us  here  constantly  the  leading  attractions  of  European 
cities.  Whatever  is  popular  abroad  speedily  finds  its  way  to  Chicago,  to  be 
tested  here  at  least.  The  Chicago  theatre-goers  are  as  familiar  with  the  work 
of  the  dramatists  and  actors  of  Great  Britain,  France,  Germany,  Austria, 
Italy  and  Russia,  as  they  are  with  the  work  of  American  dramatists  and  actors, 
becausethere  is  a  constant  procession  of  attractions  across  the  Atlantic,  and 
because  foreign  play- wrights  and  actors  of  celebrity  find  an  appreciative  public 
and  a  golden  harvest  on  this  side  of  the  ocean.  Chicago  during  recent  years 
has  become  a  dramatic  center  of  the  first  rank.  Many  new  plays  are  pro- 
duced here  every  season  for  the  first  time.  The  stamp  of  Chicago  approval 
usually  insures  the  success  of  a  drama,  comedy  or  burlesque,  throughout  the 
country.  Architecturally  the  amusement  houses  of  Chicago  are  the  best  in 
the  United  States ;  the  interior  decorations,  the  scenery  and  the  stage 
fittings  of  our  theatres  are  unsurpassed.  Aside  from  the  theatres  there  are 
numerous  first-class  places  of  amusement,  all  of  which  are  pointed  out  under 
this  heading. 

Alhambra  Theatre. — Located  at  the  corner  of  State  st.  and  Archer  ave. ;  H. 
B.  Jacobs,  manager.  Take  State  st.  cable  line.  This  theatre  was  opened  by 
Miss  Emma  Juch,  the  prima  donna,  in  1890.  It  is  one  of  the  handsomest  in 
the  city.  The  theatre  has  a  grand  entrance  on  State  Bt.  and  another  entrance 
on  Archer  ave.,  both  leading  inward  through  a  business  block  to  a  large  court 
from  which  a  spacious  lobby  opens  into  the  main  foyer.  Here  awidestaircaae 
leads  to  the  balcony  and  branches  into  side  flights  of  steps  both  at  the  top  and 
bottom.  The  auditorium,  constructed  upon  the  most  approved  modern  sys- 
tem, is  wide  but  not  deep,  and  has  a  seating  capacity  of  2.500  aside  from  the 
twelve  boxes.  The  lower  floor  seats  750,  the  balcony  550,  and  the  gallery 
1,200.  The  ornamentation  of  the  interior  about  the  boxes,  balconies  and 
stage  front  and  ceiling,  is  Moorish  in  design,  and  the  colors  are  salmon  and 
shrimp  pink  with  intermediate  shades.  One  feature  of  the  new  playhouse 

116 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  117 

that  makes  Its  plan  well-nigh  a  model  one  is  the  excellent  system  of  fire- 
escapes  and  exits  provided.  From  the  various  parts  of  the  house  are  twenty- 
eight  exits,  those  from  the  gallery  and  balcony  reaching  to  iron  staircases, 
spiral  and  straight,  running  down  the  exterior  walls.  The  stage  is  forty-five 
feet  deep  and  has  an  opening  of  twenty-five  feet.  There  are  twenty-four 
dressing-rooms,  besides  two  large  rooms  for  "supers,"  a  bill- room,  and  music 
rooms — all  supplied  with  every  convenience  and  arranged  after  the  most 
desirable  plans. 

Auditorium^  Theatre. — The  theatre  of  the  auditorium  building  is  justly 
entitled  to  the  distinction  of  being  the  best  equipped  for  stage  purposes,  the 
handsomest  in  interior  decorative  work,  the  most  perfect  in  acoustics  and 
the  most  convenient  and  comfortable  for  audiences  in  this  or  any  other 
country.  Columns  of  praise  have  been  written  about  it.  Architects  and 
artists  of  international  fame  have  lauded  its  merits  and  its  beauties. 
Thousands  from  foreign  shores,  who  have  visited  it  during  the  various 
notable  performances  which  have  been  given  within  ita  walls,  have  been 
surprised  at  itssize  and  magnificence,  and  gave  willing  testimony  toitssuperi- 
ority  over  their  own  famous  places  of  amusement.  No  less  remarkable  have 
been  the  compliments  paid  by  the  famous  vocalists  who  have  sung  on  its 
stage.  Patti,  whose  presence  has  graced  all  the  great  opera-houses  of  the 
new  and  old  world,  marveled  at  the  ease  with  which  she  could  sing  to  the 
immense  ^audiences  which  made  the  opening  season  so  notable.  Tamagno, 
Lehmann7  Albani,  Reichman,  Nordica  and  others  of  like  fame,  were  no  less 
complimentary.  In  short,  the  opinions  of  everybody — artist,  auditor, 
lecturer  and  critical  foreigner — have  been  unanimous  in  declaring  the  grand 
auditorium  theatre  unsurpassed  for  all  the  purposes  to  which  it  was 
dedicated.  The  great  audience  room  was  thrown  open  to  the  public  on  the 
evening  of  December  9,  1889.  The  occasion  is  not  likely  to  be  forgotten  by 
those  who  were  fortunate  to  secure  admission. 

The  following  programme  was  given: 

TRIUMPHAL  FANTASIE,       -  Theodore  Dubois. 

Composed  for  this  occasion  for  grand  organ  and  orchestra. 
CLARENCE  EDDY,  Organist. 

ADDRESS,  -  HON.  DEWITT  C.  CREGIER,  Mayor  of  Chicago. 

ADDRESS,       -  - FERDINAND.  W.  PECK. 

CANTATA,  -  Frederick  Grant  Gleason. 

Composed  for  this  occasion  and  sung  by  a  chorus  of  five 
hundred  voices  under  the  direction  of 

WILLIAM  L.  TOMLINS. 

ADDRESS. -       -        PRESIDENT  HARRISON. 

ADDRESS,  -    HON.  JOHN  S.  RUNNELLS,  of  Chicago. 

"HOME,  SWEET  HOME," 

MADAME  ADELINA  PATTI. 


INTERMISSION. 


118  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

"  AMERICA," 

APOLLO  CLUB. 

CONCERT  FANTASIE,  OP.  83,        -        -        -  F.  De  La  Tombelle. 

Composed  expressly  for  the  dedication  of  the  Auditorium  organ. 

CLARENCE  EDDY. 
"THE  HEAVENS  ARE  TELLING,"   -   -   •  Haydn. 

APOLLO  CLUB. 

ADDRESS  (Dedicatory),  HON.  Jos.  W.  FIFER,  Governor  of  Illinois. 

"HALLELUJAH," — Chorus  from  "The  Messiah."       -        -       -  Handel. 

APOLLO  CLUB. 

The  presence  of  President  Harrison  gave  a  national  color  to  the  festivi- 
ties. Patti  received  a.tremendous  ovation  when  she  stepped  in  front,  on  the 
arm  of  Manager  Milward  Adams,  and  as  the  last  note  of  "Home,  Sweet 
Home "  wafted  through  the  space  the  demonstrations  were  extraordinary 
When  midnight  came  the  vast  audience  dispersed  and  the  most  brilliant 
scene  ever  enacted  in  an  American  theatre  remained  fixed  forever  in  their 
memory.  A  remarkably  prosperous  season  of  Italian  opera  followed,  unde*- 
the  management  of  Henry  E.  Abbey,  which  lusted  four  weeks.  Next  to  the 
appearances  of  Patti  was,  perhaps,  the  debut  of  the  renowned  Tamagno,  the 
tenor  in  Verdi's  Othello,  the  first  complete  performance  of  which  was  given 
in  America  during  this  season.  A  few  weeks  later  the  same  company  returned 
for  a  supplementary  season  of  two  weeks,  and  the  success  of  the  first  series 
was  repeated.  The  Apollo  Club  gave  its  first  concert  on  December  25th.  A 
grand  charity  ball,  attended  by  the  wealth  and  fashion  of  the  city,  was  held  on 
the  9th  of  January,  1890. 

The  Hebrews  followed  with  a  grand  ball  on  21st  of  same  month.  Sarasate 
and  D*  Albert,  the  famous  violinist  and  pianist,  appeared  on  27th  and  29th  of 
January,  and  againin  February.  The  important  engagementsfollowing  were: 
The  Duff  Opera  Company,  in  a  series  of  Gilbert  &  Sullivan  operas;  DeWitt 
Talmage'slecture,  AprilSth;  the  "  Kirmess,"  April  17th,  18th,19th;the  German 
Opera  Company,  from  the  Metropolitan  Opera  House,  New  York,  from  Feb- 
ruary 21st  to  March  10th;  the  Apollo  Club,  May  26th  and  27th;  the  Strauss 
Orchestral  Concerts,  June  2d  to 6th;  "Shenandoah,"  August26th  to  September 
6th;  return  engagement  of  Duff  Opera  Company,  September  18th  to  October 
4th;  Strauss  return  concert,  October  9th  to  14th,  and  a  magnificent  production 
of  an  English  pantomime,  direct  from  Drury  Lane  Theatre,  London,  entitled 
"  The  Babes  in  the  Wood,"  November  10th  to  December  20th. 

The  audience  room  of  the  theatre  is  reached  from  Congress  street  near  the 
corner  of  Wabash  avenue.  A  grand  vestibule  with  ticket  offices  on  the 
right  and  left  sides  leads  to  a  mosaic  paved  lobby.  The  low  vaulted  ceiling, 
pillared  by  shapely  towers  and  jetted  with  electric  lights,  give  it  a  unique 
appearance.  Several  large  cloak  rooms  range  along  one  side,  and  from  the 
other  broad  marble  stairs,  pfotected  by  solid  bronze  balusters,  reach  to  the 
foyer.  This  part  of  the  house  is  of  ample  dimensions,  and  richly  furnished. 
Two  large  retiring  rooms  for  ladies  and  smokers  adjoin  on  the  south  end, 
both  decorated  and  furnished  with  dainty  taste.  The  house  contains  40 
boxes,  supplied  with  luxurious  chairs  and  sofas  and  hung  with  curtains  of 
delicate  tinted  plush.  There  are  4,050  seats,  about  1,500  of  which  are 
located  in  the  parquet.  Above  the  parquet  are  the  first  and  second  balconies 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  H9 

and  the  gallery.  The  two  latter  portions  of  the  house  can  be  closed  down  for 
special  occasions  by  iron  curtains  worked  by  a  windlass  and  chains — an 
ingenious  arrangement  and  very  useful  at  times.  Over  5,500  incandescent 
lamps  are  used  in  the  theatre  and  stage.  The  general  color  treatment  of  its 
walls,  ceiling  and  pillars  is  yellow  in  various  shades.  The  effect  produced 
when  the  electric  lamps  are  lit  is  extraordinarily  impressive.  The  orchestra 
pit  has  accommodations  for  100  players. 

A  special  feature  of  the  theatre  is  the  great  organ  located  in  a  compartment 
behind  the  north  walL  This  instrument  was  dedicated  October  29,  1890,  in 
the  presence  of  an  audience  which  filled  every  seat  and  occupied  much  of  the 
standing  space  in  the  foyer.  The  organ  is  considered  to  be  the  most  perfect 
in  the  world,  and  in  size  ranks  among  the  largest.  It  contains  7,193  pipes 
and  swell,  and  is  divided  into  seven  parts,  namely,  "  Great,  Pedal,  Swell, 
Choir,  Echo,  Solo  and  Stage."  The  echo  organ  is  located  in  the  roof  over  the 
parquet,  and  is  operated  by  means  of  electricity  from  the  keyboard.  The 
stage  organ,  as  its  name  implies,  is  utilized  for  chorus  purposes  in  operas, 
and  for  certain  stage  effect.  The  instrument,  in  all  its  parts,  is  a  model  of 
moderningenuity,  combining  all  the  latest  inventions.  It  is  the  intention  of 
the  management  to  give  recitals  from  time  to  time,  consisting  of  popular 
music,  for  which  popular  prices  will  be  charged. 

The  equipment  of  the  stage  is  the  most  complete  of  any  In  this  or  foreign 
countries.  It  is  modeled  after  the  famous  one  of  Buda  Pesth  in  Hungary,  but 
has  the  advantage  of  improvement  effected  inthepastfive  years — mechani- 
cal, electrical  and  hydraulic.  The  depth  from  footlights  to  the  rear  wall  is 
sixty-nine  feet;  the  clear  width  from  wall  to  wall  is  ninety-eight  feet,  giving 
the  total  available  stage  room  of  6,862  square  feet,  an  extent  equal  to  the 
demands  of  the  most  sumptuous  productions. 

The  floor  is  entirely  level  in  accordance  with  the  last  ideas.  From  the 
stage  to  the  cellar  floor  is  a  depth  of  18  feet,  but  there  is  an  intermediate  floor 
for  working  purposes.  The  rigging  loft  is  90  feet  above  the  stage  floor,  the 
entire  framework  from  top  to  bottom,  including  the  rigging  loft,  paint 
bridges,  fly  galleries,  etc.,  is  of  iron  and  steel.  All  the  pulleys,  sheaves  and 
their  bearings  are  of  iron,  and  the  cables  by  which  the  drops  and  border  light 
are  suspended  are  of  steel,  flexible  and  durable.  In  tie  stage  floor  are  four 
bridges,  four  traps,  four  small  bridges  and  three  small  traps,  so  disposed  that 
the  stage  can  be  formed  into  any  shape  required  for  spectacular  purposes. 
The  immense  weights  of  iron  and  stage  floor  are  lifted  and  lowered  by 
hydraulic  machinery  located  beneath.  The  system  is  most  complete,  and 
yet  so  simple  that  the  mere  movement  of  a  lever  can  control  all  its  parts. 
The  water-power  is  obtained  from  an  immense  tank  set  in  the  to^er  180  feet 
above  the  street,  and  two  force  pumps  with  a  capacity  of  400  gallons  per  min- 
ute maintain  the  pressure.  A  unique  feature  is  the  "horizon,"  n  panoramic 
device  moving  on  a  semi-circular  iron  frame  around  the  three  sides  of  the 
stage.  Its  purpose  is  to  do  away  with  the  old  time  "  Sky  borders"  whfch 
have  long  since  grown  next  to  useless,  though  still  found  in  all  other  theatres 
of  America.  This  "Horizon"  is  painted  to  depict  all  phases  of  the  eky, 
clouds  and  clearness,  and  the  effect  of  light  thrown  on  it  from  the  sides  give 
all  the  necessary  effect  of  movement,  lightning,  sunset,  etc.  The  property 
room  lies  above  the  parquet  and  is  a  capacious  compartment  for  tlie  purpose 
of  manufacturing  and  storing  all  the  manifold  furnishings  required  for  every 
conceivable  production.  The  accessories  of  the  stage  are  in  thorough  keeping 
with  its  principal  features. 


120  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

The  dressing-rooms  are  large  and  splendidly  furnished  with  every  neces- 
sary convenience  forartists.  The  electric  apparatus  is  a  wonder  of  complexity 
and  ingenuity  and  the  arrangement  for  the  disposal  and  hanging  of  scene 
drops  are  of  the  latest  and  most  approved  device.  To  sum  up,  it  may  truly  be 
said  that  the  stage  marks  the  beginning  of  a  new  era  in  theatrical  produc- 
tions in  this  country. 

The  credit  for  the  conception  of  this  splendid  structure  is  due  to  Mr.  Ferd. 
W.  Peck.  It  was  his  unflagging  energy,  generous  and  optimistic  nature  and 
personal  influence  that  carried  the  great  project  to  completion.  When  others 
saw  disaster,  he  inspired  hope.  The  result  has  demonstrated  his  wisdom  and 
foresight.  Chicago  has  amply  shown  its  appreciation  of  his  successful  effort 
and  the.  world  at  large  has  looked  on  and  applauded.  [See  Auditorium.] 

Battle  of  Gettysburg  Panorama. — Located  at  the  corner  of  Wabash  ave. 
and  Panorama  pi.  Take  Wabash  ave.  cable  line.  This  magnificent  cyclo- 
rama  has  been  one  of  the  leading  attractions  of  Chicago  for  several  years, 
and  hundreds  of  thousands  of  people  have  seen  and  admired  it.  The  build- 
ing iu  which  the  painting  is  exhibited  is  similar  to  those  in  the  leading  conti- 
nental cities  of  Europe.  Open  day  and  evening.  Admission,  50  cents; 
children,  half-price. 

Central  Music  Hall. — The  Central  Music  Hall  Block  was  erected  in  1879 
by  a  stock'  company,  its  list  of  stockholders  comprising  many  of  the  wealth- 
iest and  best  known  citizens  of  Chicago.  Its  object  was  "  to  promote  relig- 
ious, educational  and  musical  purposes,  the  culture  of  the  arts,  aud  to  provide 
for  public  amusements  and  entertainments."  The  leader  in  this  then  novel 
enterprise  was  its  first  manager,  the  late  George  B.  Carpenter,  whose  rare 
taste  and  judgment,  as  well  as  his  experience  and  success  as  a  manager,  well 
qualified  him  for  the  task  to  which  he  devoted  so  much  time  and  thought. 
The  architect  chosen  to  embody  these  ideas  in  plans  for  the  building  was  Mr. 
D.  Adler,  senior  member  of  the  present  firm  of  Adler  <fc  Sullivan,  and  «o 
admirably  adapted  was  the  construction  of  the  building  for  the  purposes  of 
its  erection,  it  immediately  became  widely  known  for  its  high  standard  of 
excellence,  and  has  maintained  its  popular  favor.  It  has  a  frontage  of  125 
feet  on  State  street  and  150  feet  on  Randolph  street,  its  central  location  ren- 
dering it  easily  accessible  from  all  parts  of  the  city.  It  is  built  of  grey  cut 
stone,  has  a  wide  and  massive  entrance  of  white  marble,  is  six  stories  in 
height,  and  contains,  besides  the  large  auditorium  from  which  the  building 
derives  its  name,  a  small  recital  hall,  known  as  Apollo  Hall,  twelve  stores, 
seventy  offices,  and  a  perfectly  appointed  photograph  studio. 

The  Apollo  Hall,  which  has  for  years  been  the  rehearsal  home  of  the 
Apollo  Club,  occupies  with  its  parlor  and  dressing  rooms  considerable  por- 
tion of  the  sixth  story,  and  has  recently  been  remodeled,  redecorated  and 
refurnished,  making  it  the  most  attractive  small  hall  in  the  city.  The 
arrangements  of  these  rooms  renders  them  very  desirable  and  in  demand  for 
select  drawing-room  entertainments,  literary,  musical  and  dramatic.  The 
Central  Music  Hall  has  a  seating  capacity  of  2,000,  and  is  the  cosiest,  most 
comfortable  hall  in  the  country.  Much  space  is  given  to  foyer  and  aisles, 
and  to  ample  facilities  for  entrances  and  exits.  It  is  tastefully  decorated  and 
furnished,  and  its  acoustic  properties  have  been  pronounced  perfect  by  the 
great  lyric  artists,  and  the  speakers  who  have,  from  time  to  time,  appeared 
upon  its  stage.  The  graceful  curve  of  the  galleries  is  a  feature  of  the  houeo, 
and  no  seat  is  undesirable  by  reason  of  its  imperfect  view  of  the  stage,  or  dis- 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 

THE  GERMANIA  THEATRE,  RANDOLPH  NEAR  CLARK  ST. 
[See  "Amusements."] 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  121 

tancefrom  it.  As  originally  intended,  the  hall  is  occupied  on  Sunday  morn- 
ings by  the  Central  Church  congregation,  presided  over  by  Prof.  Swing,  and 
for  the  purpose  of  religious  services  there  is  provided  a  magnificent  organ, 
built  expressly  for  the  hall  by  the  well  known  organ  builders,  Wm.  A. 
Johusou  &Son 

The  commercial  part  of  the  building  is  always  rented  to  its  full  capacity 
to  a  high  class  of  tenants,  and  yields  a  handsome  revenue  to  the  stockholders. 
The  present  officers  of  the  company  are  Mr.  John  M.Clark,  president;  Mr. 
Martin  A.  Ryerson,  vice-president,  and  Miss  Emma  S.  Blood,  secretary  and 
business  manager.  The  Board  of  Directors  includes  N.  K.  Fairbank,  Martin 
A.  Ryerson,  R.  T.  Crane,  J.  Russell  Jones,  H.  M.  Singer,  John  M.  Clark,  D. 
Adler,  Eugene  Gary,  and  Henry  Dibblee. 

Chicago  Opera,  House. — Located  in  the  Chicago  Opera  House  building, 
a  magnificent  structure,  southwest  corner  of  Clark  and  Washington  streets, 
opposite  the  Court-house;  close  to  the  principal  hotels  and  convenient  to 
railroad  depots  and  street  car  terminals.  J.  W.  Norton  &  Co.,  proprietors; 
David  Henderson,  manager.  The  theatre  was  built  for  Mr.  Henderson,  and 
arranged  with  the  idea  in  mind  of  the  subsequent  production  upon  a  basis 
never  before  seen  in  this  country  of  spectacular  extravaganza.  For  five  years 
Mr.  Henderson  has  each  season  given  to  Chicago  a  production  of  musical 
burlesque,  on  a  scale  beside  which  everything  else  in  that  line  ever  attempted 
in  America  shrinks  to  pigmy  proportions.  The  first  was  the  "Arabian 
Nights;"  the  second  the  unparalleled  "Crystal  Slipper;"  the  third  a  gor- 
geously environed  version  of  "  Bluebeard  Junior ;"  the  fourth,  a  reproduc- 
tion of  the  "  Slipper,"  with  added  novelties  and  beauties  ;  and  fifth  and  last, 
the  success  of  all  successes,  "  Sinbad."  For  the  summer  of  1892  Mr.  Hen- 
derson has  been  making  more  elaborate  preparations  than  ever  before,  and 
work  is  very  well  along  upon  a  stupendous  production,  which  will  eclipse  in 
beauty  even  the  dazzling  successes  which  have  made  the  Chicago  Opera 
House  and  the  American  Extravaganza  Company  world  famous.  About 
twenty-six  weeks  of  the  season  are  usually  devoted  at  the  Opera  House  to 
musical  extravaganza  of  Mr.  Henderson's  own  production,  and  during  the 
remaining  twenty-six  the  highest  class  combinations  and  the  greatest  stars  in 
the  realms  of  tragedy,  comedy,  the  drama  and  opera  are  to  be  seen  and 
heard  at  the  Chicago  Opera  House.  The  Opera  House  is  essentially  the 
representative  theatre  of  Chicago,  and  a  visitor  there  is  always  assured 
of  high  class  entertainment.  The  prices  range  from  fifty  cents  to  one 
dollar  and  a  half,  according  to  location,  and  the  boxes  are  ten,  twelve 
and  fourteen  dollars  on  the  lower  floor,  and  eight  and  ten  dollars  in  the 
upper  tier.  The  theatre  has  a  seating  capacity  of  about  2,300.  The 
proscenium  opening  is  thirty-six  feet  wide,  and  the  height  from 
stage  to  "  gridiron  "  is  seventy  feet,  making  it  one  of  the  finest  stages  in  the 
country  for  plays  requiring  machinery  to  produce  spectacular  effects.  The 
main  floor  of  the  auditorium  is  constructed  of  fire-brick  or  tiling,  supported 
upon  arches  covered  with  a  solid  bed  of  cement;  all  the  galleries  and  boxes 
are  constructed  of  iron  and  steel,  and  there  is  scarcely  a  piece  of  wood  to  be 


122  GUIDE  TO    CHICAGO. 

found  in  the  entire  interior.  The  dressing  rooms  are  below,  and  are  large 
and  comfortable.  There  are  fourteen  exits  distributed  over  the  house.  The 
house  is  illuminated  by  electricity  exclusively.  Admission  prices,  50c.,  75c., 
$1.00  and  $1.50,  according  to  location.  Boxes,  $10,  $12  and  $15. 

Columbia  Ttieatre. — Located  at  the  south  side  of  Monroe,  between  Clark 
and  Dearborn  sts.,  close  to  all  the  leading  hotels  and  convenient  to 
railroad  depots  and  street  car  terminals.  Proprietors,  Al.  Hayman  and 
\Vi!l  J.  Davis;  acting  manager,  Alf.  Hayman.  This  theatre  is  the  predecessor 
of  "Haverly's"  successor  of  the  4<Adelphi,"  which  occupied  the  old  post- 
office  building  on  Monroe  and  Dearborn  sts.,  the  present  site  of  the  First 
National  bank  building.  Haverly  opened  the  new  theatre,  giving  it  his  name, 
on  September  12,  1882,  withRobson  and  Crane  in  "Twelfth  Night."  Business 
reverses  having  compelled  Haverly  to  retire  from  the  management,  a  new 
company  was  formed,  and  the  theatre  was  re-christened  the  "Columbia,"  by 
Miss  Ellen  Terry,  during  an  engagement  of  Henry  Irving,  in  1885.  Since 
then  various  managements  have  had  the  house  in  .charge,  but  all  have  failed, 
with  the  exception  of  the  present  one,  to  secure  for  it  a  sufficiently  steady 
patronage  to  make  the  theatre  a  profitable  one.  Since  Messrs.  Hayman  and 
Davis  secured  a  lease,  however,  the  Columbia  has  grown  in  popularity,  and 
the  patronage  of  the  theatre  now  is  equal  to  that  of  any  in  the  city.  The  very 
best  attractions  are  to  be  found  here,  and  the  scenic  and  other  stage  appoint- 
ments are  always  commensurate  to  the  high  character  of  the  productions.  The 
interior  of  the  Columbia  is  beautiful,  the  decorations  being  at  once  rich  and 
pleasing.  The  house  is  practically  fire-proof,  but  numerous  exits  are  pro- 
vided so  that  ihe  theatre  may  be  emptied  in  a  few  minutes  in  case  of  a  panic 
arising  from  any  cause.  The  house  is  illuminated  by  electricity.  Dimen- 
sions: •  The  building  is  70  by  190  feet,  six  stories  in  height;  stage  70  by  54  feet; 
proscenium  opening  34  feet  wide;  seating  capacity,  2,400.  The  house  is  lit  by 
electricity.  Admission,  25  cts.,  50  cts.,  75  cts.,  $1.00  and  $1.50,  according  to 
location.  Boxes,  $10,  $12  and  $15. 

Casino, — Located  on  Wabash  avenue,  near  Adams  street.  This  is  con- 
ducted after  the  manner  of  the  Berlin  Panopticon,  and  is  principally  an  exhi- 
bition of  wax  works.  Delightful  place  to  spend  an  hour.  There  is  a  stage 
performance  every  afternoon  and  evening.  Lyman  B.  Glover,  business 
manager.  Admission  to  all  parts  of  the  house,  25  and  50  cents;  children,  25 
cents. 

Chickering  Music  Hall. — Formerly  Weber  Music  Hall.  Located  on 
Wabash  aveuue  and  Adams  street.  Chickering,  Chase  Bros.  Co.,  managers. 
Seating  capacity,  400;  stage,  28x20;  no  scenery.  Frequent  high-class  concerts 
are  given  during  the  season. 

Criterion  T/teatre. — Located  on  Sedgwick  and  Division  streets,  North 
Side,  C.  S.  Engle,  lessee;  Alf.  Johnson,  business  manager.  Seating  capacity, 
1.800.  Conducted  as  a  theatre  of  the  light  comedy  and  burlesque  character. 
Has  a  large  neighborhood  patronage. 

Epstean's  New  Dime  Museum. — Located  on  the  north  side  of  Randolph 
St.,  near  Clark  st.  Louis  Epstean,  proprietor.  A  first-class  museum  of  the 
kind,  containing  numerous  curiosities,  novelties  in  the  way  of  human  and 
animal  natural  freaks,  wax  works,  electric  contrivances,  etc.  Very  amusing 
to  children.  Admission  10  cents. 

Freiberg's  Opera  House. — Located  at  180  and  182  Twenty  second  street, 
between  State  street  and  Wabash  avenue.  Not  regularly  open. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  125 

has  achieved  a  phenomenal  popularity  for  "The  Haymarket."  The  theatre 
is  constantly  presenting  attractions  of  a  meritorious  and  a  high  order. 
Admission,  15,  25,  50,  75  cents  and  $1;  Davis'  Turkish  chairs,  $1.50;  boxes, 
$5  to  $10. 

Hooley's  Theatre. — Located  on  the  north  side  of  Randolph,  between 
LaSalle  and  Clark  streets,  opposite  the  Court  House;  close  to  the  leading 
hotels  and  convenient  to  railroad  depots  and  street  car  terminals.  Richard 
M.  Hooley,  proprietor;  Harry  Powers,  business  manager.  Hooley's,  before 
the  great  fire  of  1871,  occupied  the  present  site  of  the  Grand  Opera  House. 
Originally  it  was  "  Bryan's  Hall,"  built  in  1860,  and  opened  by  the  Hans 
Balatka  Orchestra.  In  the  fall  of  1870  the  theatre  passed  into  the  hands  of 
R.  M.  Hooley.  It  was  opened  January  2,  1871,  by  this  veteran  manager, 
with  "  Hooley's  Minstrels"  as  the  attraction.  Negro  minstrelsy  was  then 
in  its  glory,  and  Hooley's  was  one  of  the  best  troupes  in  existence  at  the 
time.  Giacometti's  tragedy  was  on  the  bill  as  the  attraction  for  the  week 
beginning  October  9,  1871,  but  before  the  sun  had  arisen  on  the  morning  of 
tiiat  day  Hooley's  theatre  was  a  blackened  ruin  in  the  midst  of  a  wilderness 
of  ruins.  On  October  17,  1872,  the  present  theatre  was  opened  by  the 
Abbott-Kiralfy  Company  in  the  "Black  Crook."  Once,  for  only  a  brief 
period,  however,  Mr.  Hooley's  name  disappeared  from  connection  with  this 
theatre.  The  ephemeral  Haverly  secured  a  lease  of  it  in  some  manner  for 
one  season,  and  gave  it  his  name,  as  he  did  to  everything  he  touched.  Mr. 
Hooley,  upon  regaining  possession,  remodeled  and  refitted  the  theatre,  and 
twice  since  that  time  it  has  undergone  almost  a  complete  transformation. 
It  is  generally  known  as  "  Hooley's  Parlor  Home  of  Comedy,"  and  the  title 
conveys  a  proper  idea  of  the  popular  family  resort.  •  The  seating  capacity  of 
the  theatre  is  1,506;  the  stage  is  42x62;  proscenium  opening,  33x34; 
height  to  "  gridiron,"  62  feet.  The  theatre  is  also  supplied  with  the  latest 
patent  smoke  and  fire  escape  and  ventilator.  The  auditorium  is  furnished 
with  "Hooley's  Opera  Chair, "and lighted  throughout  by  the  latest  incandes- 
cent electric  system.  Hooley's  theatre  has  the  reputation  among  theatrical 
managers  as  being  the  most  successful  and  popular  in  the  United  States.  The 
gross  receipts  for  the  season  of  1890-91  amounted  to  $346,858  for  a  period  of 
52  weeks.  The  average  weekly  receipts  for  the  regular  theatre  term — Sep- 
tember 1  to  June  30  of  the  same  season — exceeded  $7,000.  Hooley's  theatre 
has  been  selected  by  Mr.  Augustin  Daly,  Mr.  Daniel  Frohman  and  Mr.  A.  M. 
Palmer  for  the  engagements  each  year  of  their  celebrated  companies;  alsb"by 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kewdal,  Mr.  E.  S.  Willard,  and  the  great  French  comedian,  M. 
Coquelin. 

H.  R.  Jacobs'  Academy.  —  Located  on  the  west  side  of  South  Halsted,  near 
West  Madison  street.  Take  Madison  street  cable  line.  H.  R.  Jacobs,  mana- 
ger. This  place  of  amusement  was  first  popularized  under  the  management 
of  the  late  William  Emmett,  who  dragged  it  out  of  obscurity,  almost,  and 
made  it  one  of  the  most  profitable  theatrical  houses  in  Chicago.  It  was  then 
known  simply  as  the  Academy  of  Music.  Upon  Emmett's  retirement  it  fell 
into  the  hands  of  Daniel  Shelby,  and  was  known  as  "  Shelby's  Academy  of 
Music."  Outside  ventures,  as  in  Emmett's  case,  compelled  Shelby  to  retire, 
and  Mr.  Jacobs  secured  the  management.  It  is  conducted  as  a  comedy  and 
high-class  vaudeville  theatre.  The  interior  is  one  of  the  finest  in  the  city,  the 
furnishings  being  beautiful.  It  was  twice  destroyed  by  fire,  and  twice  com- 
pletely remodeled .  The  theatre  seats  1 , 800. 


126  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

H.  R.  Jacobs'  Clark  Street  Theatre, — Located  on  the  east  side  of  North 
Clark  St.,  near  the  bridge.  Formerly  McCormick's  hall,  later  the  Casino.  Has 
been  remodeled  and  refitted  in  a  first-class  manner.  H.  R.  Jacobs,  lessee; 
Joseph  A.  Chenet,  manager.  A  popular  light  comedy  and  vaudeville 
theatre. 

Standard  Theatre. — Located  at  the  corner  of  Halsted  and  Jackson  streets, 
West  Side.  Take  South  Halsted  or  Van  Buren  street  cars.  Jacob  Litt,  lessee 
and  manager.  Seating  ca'pacity,  2,200;  stage,  60x40  feet;  proscenium  open- 
ing, 32  feet;  height  to  "  gridiron,"  20  feet.  The  theatre  was  erected  in  1883. 
Light  comedy  and  burlesque  are  produced  here  generally.  Admission  from 
10  cents  to  $1,  according  to  location  of  seats. 

Kohl  &  Middleton's  South  Side  Museum.— Located  at  146,  148,  150  and 
152  South  Clark  St.,  near  Madison.  Kohl  &  Middletou,  proprietors.  Ihis 
is  what  is  popularly  known  as  a  dime  museum.  Stage  performances  are  given 
almost  hourly  through  the  day.  A  visit  to  the  place  will  reveal  a  curious 
collection  of  freaks,  etc.  Admission,  10  cents. 

Kohl  &  Middleton's  West  Side  Museum. — Located  on  W.  Madison  street, 
opposite  Union  street,  West  Side  Conducted  on  the  same  general  plan  as 
South  Side  museum  of  the  same  name.  Open  day  and  evening.  Admission, 
10  cents. 

Libby  Prison  Museum  — Located  on  Wabash  avenue,  between  Fourteenth 
and  Sixteenth  streets.  One  of  the  principal  permanent  attractions  of  the 
city.  The  original  Libby  prison  (transported  from  Richmond,  Va.,  and  put 
up,  brick  after  brick,  just  as  it  stood  during  the  War  of  the  Rebellion,  when 
used  as  a  prisofl  for  Union  soldiers)  is  enclosed  within  massive  walls,  built 
after  the  manner  of  the  middle  ages  (see  illustration).  Among  the  attractions 
offered  in  Libby  Prison  are  the  following:  Portraits  in  oil  of  all  the  leading 
Northern  and  Southern  general?  and  statesmen;  all  kinds  of  firearms  used  in 
America,  from  colonial  times  to  the  present  period;  the  finest  collection  of 
shot  and  shell  used  in  American  warfare;  the  original  first  dispatches  of  war 
from  Generals  McClellan,  Grant,  Hooker, Sherman,  etc.;  the  original  accept- 
ance of  the  command  of  the  Confederate  Army  by  Generals  Lee  and  Slene- 
wall  Jackson;  original  portraits  of  Abraham  Lineolu  and  Mrs.  Lincoln,  with 
relics  and  mementos;  the  stove,  goose  and  shears  used  by  Andrew  Johnson 
when  working  as  a  tailor  in  Tennessee;  the  original  will  made  by  John 
Brown  an  hour  before  his  execution;  the  very  rare  curiosity  of  two  bullets 
that  met  in  mid-air  in  battle  at  Petersburgh;  the  finest  collection  of  historic 
chairs  in  America;  the  original  photographs  of  scr-nc-s  in  Sherman's  March 
from  Atlanta  to  the  Sea;  the  original  commission  of  Jeff.  Davis  to  Congress 
in  1845;  also  his  commission  in  the  war  with  Mexico;  the  wheel  of  Commo- 
dore Perry's  flag-ship,  "  Powhatan."  that  opened  the  ports  of  Japan  to  the 
world;  the  original  Arctic  clothing  used  in  the  Greely  relief  expedition. 
Admission,  50  cents;  children,  half-price;  open  day  and  evening. 

Lyceum  Theatre  — Located  on  Desplaines  ft.,  between  Madison  and  Wash- 
ington sts.     T.  L.  Greuier,  proprietor.     A  variety  theatre. 

Madison  Street  Theatre  — Located  on  the  north  side  of  Madison  street, 
opposite  McVicker's  theatre.  S.  G.  Jnck,  manager.  Seating  capacity,  1,400; 
stage,  22x68;  proscenium  c.peninir,  37;  height  to  gridiron,  13;  to  lolt,  19. 
Open  the  year  around;  two  performances  daily. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  127 

McVicker's  Theatre. — Madison  street,  between  State  and  Dearborn  streets. 
The  McVicker  Theatre  Co.,  proprietor;  J.  H.  McVicker,  president  and  man- 
ager; L.  L.  Sharpe,  assistant  manager  and  secretary;  H.  G.  Sommers,  treasu- 
rer. McVicker's  theatre  is  considered  the  handsomest  and  most  complete 
theatre  in  the  United  States.  It  was  originally  opened  November  5,  1857, 
Mr.  J.  H.  McVicker  taking  the  part  of  "  Cousin  Joe"  in  the  initial  perform- 
ance. The  theatre  was  rebuilt  in  1871  and  opened  in  August,  only  to  be 
burned  to  the  ground  by  that  memorable  conflagration  of  October  5,  1871. 
Nothing  daunted,  Mr.  McVicker  again  reconstructed  his  theatre,  and  it  was 
open  for  the  third  time  August  15,  1872.  Mr.  McVicker,  always  looking  to 
advance  the  interest  of  his  art,  and  having  the  welfare  and  the  comfort  of  the 
theatre-going  public  at  heart,  entirely  remodeled  the  theatre,  putting  in  all  the 
modern  conveniences  and  improvements;  and  on  July  1,  1885,  the  fourth  new 
McVicker  theatre  was  thrown  open  to  the  public,  and  they  united  with  the 
press  in  proclaiming  it  the  handsomest  and  safest  theatre  building  in  the 
United  States.  It  is  open  on  all  sides.  It  has  twenty -one  exits.  It  has  more 
aisles  than  anfp  other  theatre,  and  each  leads  to  a  door.  It  is  simply  a  model 
theatre.  On  the  morning  of  August  26,  1890,  it  was  destroyed  by  fire.  Mr. 
McVicker  was  away  from  the  city  at  the  time,  but  immediately  on  his  return 
preparations  were  commenced  for  rebuilding,  and  on  March  30,  1891,  the 
handsomest  theatre  in  the  United  States  was  opened  for  inspection.  There 
are  two  historic  features  in  the  theatre  which  alone  are  worth  the  price  of 
admission.  They  are  bas  reliefs,  one  representing  the  "Massacre  of  Fort 
Dearborn  ;"  the  other,  "  La  Salle  Discovery  of  Illinois."  These  were  fur- 
nished by  Johanfles  Gelert,  the  sculptor,  and  are  considered  among  his  best 
works.  McVicker  Theatre  is  now  in  its  thirty-fifth  year,  and  is  probably  the 
widest  known  playhouse  in  America.  It  always  has  the  best  class  of  enter 
tainments,  and  one  will  surely  find  amusement  there. 

New  Windsor  Theatre.— Located  at  North  Clark  and  Division  streets. 
Take  North  Clark  street  cable  line.  M.  B.  Leavitt,  proprietor;  Ben  Leavitt, 
manager.  Seating  capacity,  two  thousand.  Stage,  49x70  feet;  proscenium 
opening,  forty-three  feet;  height  logridiron,  twenty  two  feet;  the  loft,  65  feet. 
This  is  abeautiful  little  theatre,  is  conducted  in  a  first-class  manner  and  is  very 
popular  with  North  Side  residents. 

Park  Theatre. — Located  on  State,  between  Congress  and  Harrison  sts. 
J.  D.  Long,  proprietor  and  manager.  This  is  a  strictly  variety  theatre. 
Seating  capacity,  1,500;  stage,  35  by  40. 

Peoples  iheatre. — Located  on  the  east  side  of  State  street  on  Congress  and 
Harrison  streets.  Jo.  Baylies,  lessee  and  manager.  Conducted  as  a  combina- 
tion theatre. 

Timmerman  Opera  House. — Located  at  the  corner  of  Sixty-third  street 
and  Stewart  ave.  Take  train  at  Van  Buren  st.  depot,  Van  Bufen  and  Sher- 
man sts.,  or  State  st.  cable  line  to  Englewood.  H.  B.  Thearle,  manager; 
Harry  M.  Heneford,  acting  manager.  The  building  in  which  the  theatre  is 
located  is  the  most  imposing  one  in  Englewood.  It  is  named  after  its  pro- 
jector, Ben  Timmerman,  and  its  cost  was  $100,000.  The  building  is  finished 
in  red  brick,  terra  cotta  and  stone  trimmings,  and  is  exceedingly  pleasing  in 
architectural  design.  There  are  large  bay  windows  on  the  Sixty  third  street 
front  and  handsome  iron  balconies  on  the  Stewart  avenue  side.  The  audi- 
torium is  on  the  ground  floor,  and  in  beauty  and  richness  of  furnishings  and 


128  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

decorations  is  equal  to  any  theatre  in  the  city.  Silk,  velvet  and  plush  drap- 
eries in  harmonious  shades  add  to  the  elegance  of  the  luxurious  interior. 
The  aisles  are  wide  and  the  seat  rows  are  arranged  with  sufficient  width 
between  to  insure  the  comfort  of  auditors.  Twelve  hundred  persons  may 
find  seats — the  first  floor  and  balcony  being  provided  with  opera  chairs — and 
several  hundred  others  may  see  the  stage  from  "  standing  room,"should  they 
so  elect.  The  house  is  lighted  by  incandescent  electric  lights  and  is  heated 
by  steam,  a  late  device  in  ventilation  being  employed.  The  precautions 
against  danger  from  fire  are  most  complete.  The  theatre  is  open  on  four 
sides,  and  in  addition  to  this  there  are  seven  exits  from  the  main  floor,  six 
from  the  balcony  and  three  from  the  gallery.  It  is  calculated  that  when  the 
house  is  crowded  the  audience  may  disperse  in  one  and  one-half  minutes. 
The  stage  is  forty-nine  feet  wide  and  thirty-four  feet  deep,  while  the  height 
to  the  rigging  loft  is  ninety  feet.  A  complete  and  modern  stage  equipment 
has  been  given  the  stage,  and  the  most  pretentious  productions  may  be  per- 
fectly presented  on  its  boards.  The  drop  curtain,  the  work  of  a  local  artist, 
presents  a  handsome  marine  view. 

Waverly  TJieatre. — Located  on  W.  Madison  street,  between  Throop  and 
Loomis  streets,  West  Side.  Take  W.  Madison  street  cable.  Seating  capacity, 
1,400;  stage,  40x60.  A  comedy  and  vaudeville  theatre. 

Other  Places  of  Amusement. — In  addition  to  the  places  mentioned  above, 
tttere  are  innumerable  concerts,  lectures,  etc.,  in  the  various  halls  of  the  city, 
nightly.  There  are  also  winter  and  summer  permanent  circuses,  mechanical 
riding  schools,  "merry-go-'rounds,"  picture  galleries,  etc.,  open  daily  and 
evening.  There  are  also  club  balls,  mask  balls  and  numerous  entertainments 
advertised  in  the  daily  papers.  See  daily  papers,  also,  for  excursions  by 
land  and  water.  Concert  Halls  of  varying  degrees  of  respectability  are  open 
in  all  parts  of  the  city;  but  the  visitor  will  have  to  be  guided  by  his  own  dis- 
cretion regarding  these  and  other  places  of  amusement  not  mentioned  above. 

ARCHITECTURE. 

The  traveled  stranger,  to  whom  the  great  cities  of  the  world  are  familiar, 
however  he  may  become  impressed  with  the  manners  and  customs  of  our  poo- 
pic,  or  with  their  methods  of  doing  business,  and  however  loath  he  may  be  to 
admit  the  justice  of  our  claims  to  pre  eminence  in  other  respects,  must  acknowl- 
edge that  this  is  the  best  built  city  in  the  universe  to-day.  For  nearly  twenty 
years,  or  since  the  great  fire  of  1871  swept  over  the  business  center  of  the 
city,  and  laid  it  in  rains,  architecture  in  Chicago  has  been  steadily  marching 
forward,  until  we  are  enabled  in  1891  to  point  out  some  of  the  grandest 
achievements  of  the  art  to  be  found  on  the  face  of  the  earth. 

Character  of  Chicago  Buildings. — The  character  of  the  great  buildings 
erected  during  recent  years  in  Chicago  demonstrates  that  architects  have 
risen  to  the  plane  of,  the  highest  constructive  knowledge  in  structures.  It  is 
not  enough  to  use  a  material  guaranteed  by  the  maker,  but  Chicago's  archi- 
tects themselves  now  employ  engineers  for  the  special  purpose  of  examining 
and  testing  each  and  every  piece  and  passing  their  individual  opinion  upon  it 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  129 

in  a  written  report,  and  only  such  as  is  accepted  by  these  engineers  is  used  in 
the  buildings.  So  essentjpl  and  necessary  is  this  department  of  architectural 
engineering  considered,  that  specialists  are  sent  to  the  mills  which  furnish 
the  iron  and  steel  structural  shapes  and  beams  for  buildings,  and  the  metal  is 
not  only  tested  in  the  ingot,  but  the  strength  of  resistance  is  ascertained  for 
every  finished  beam.  The  result  of  all  this  gives  to  Chicago  buildings  which 
are  not  only  theoretically  safe,  but  known  to  absolute  certainty  to  be  safe 
down  to  the  last  cubic  foot  of  masonry  and  the  last  cubic  inch  of  steel.  In 
this  respect  Chicago  is  unique,  and  it  is  a  common  remark  in  Eastern  and 
foreign  cities,  among  those  actively  engaged  in  building,  that  Chicago  to  day 
erects  the  best- built  structures  ever  known,  and  with  the  notable  distinction 
that  she  does  it  with  the  closest  economy  in  material  and  time.  That  is  to 
say,  that  it  is  a  fact  that  in  Chicago  buildings  the  quality  is  better,  the  dis- 
tribution of  material  is  more  skillful  and  the  buildings  are  naturally  more 
reliable.  The  buildings  have  all  been  constructed  fire-proof  to  a  degree  sur- 
passing those  erected  under  old  methods.  Not  only  are  steel  and  iron  used 
for  supports  for  girders  and  for  joists,  but  they  are  covered  with  fire  clay, 
which  is  so  disposed  that  air  chambers  are  left  next  to  the  iron  or  steel  in 
every  case,  making  it  impossible  for  the  metal  to  be  overheated,  even  by  the 
hottest  fires. 

Method  of  Construction. — While  many  of  the  largest  and  handsomest  of 
Chicago's  buildings  are  built  solidly  of  stone,  a  new  system  has  found  much 
favor  here,  and  is  being  generally  followed  now  ia  the  construction  of  the 
mammoth  buildings  known  as  "Sky  Scrapers,"  which  has  given  Chicagoa 
new  celebrity.  This  is  known  as  the  steel-frame  system,  the  structure  proper 
being  erected  from  the. foundation  entirely  independent  of  the  walls,  which 
consist  of  a  mask  of  terra  cotta  or  other  material  not  intended  to  serve  as  a 
support  for  the  edifice  in  any  way.  The  floors  consist  of  steel  beams  with 
arched  terra  cotta  tile-work  filled  in  between  them,  and  covered  either  with 
the  usual  floor  boards,  or  with  ornamental  tiles,  or  mosaic  work.  The  par- 
titions are  built  of  hollow  terra  cotta  tiles.  As  little  wood  as  possible  is  used, 
so  that  these  tall  structures  are  as  nearly  fire-proof  as  they  can  be  made. 
Owing  to  the  character  of  the  ground  on  which  Chicago  is  built,  the  con- 
struction of  the  foundations  of  large  buildings  is  a  much  more  serious 
problem  than  in  most  large  cities.  Water  is  encountered  at  a  very  slight 
depth  below  the  surface  of  the  ground.  Piling  was  at  first  used,  but  experi- 
ence demonstrated  that  it  did  not  form  a  satisfactory  foundation.  The 
method  now  employed  is  the  formation  of  a  solid  substructure  of  steel  beams 
or  rails  and  concrete.  The  steel  pieces  laid  crosswise  are  of  a  length  pro- 
portioned to  the  weight  they  will  have  to  sustain,  and  are  imbedded  in  con- 
crete. Other  beams  or  rails  are  then  laid  lengthwise,  with  concrete  filled  in, 
and  thus  several  layers  are  placed  in  position  until  the  foundation  is  com- 
pleted. Hundreds  of  tons  of  steel  may  thus  be  imbedded  in  Chicago  earth 
before  the  walls  of  a  building  are  on  a  level  with  the  surface. 

Office  Buildings. — Fifteen  years  ago  there  was  no  such  thing  as  an  office 
building  known  in  Chicago.  The  Howland  Block, on  the  southwest  corner  of 
Dearborn  and  Monroe  streets;  the  Kentucky  Block,  on  the  northeast  corner 
of  Clark  and  Adams  streets,  and  the  Ashland  Block,  on  the  northeast  corner 
of  Clark  and  Randolph  streets  came  nearer  the  requirements  of  office  build- 
ings than  any  in  the  city.  Strictly,  they  were  what  insurance  men  would 
have  denominated  omnibus  blocks.  To-day  the  office  buildings  of  Chicago 


130  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

rise  up  in  every  direction.    They  do  more  than  rise  up.    They  tower,  and 
some  of  them  seem  to  soar.     And  they  are  what  their  names  indicate — office 
buildings.     The  stranger  in  his  travels  about  down:town  is  impressed  with 
the  idea  that  the  business  of  Chicago  is  done  in  offices.    Think  of  Only  a  few 
of  these  office  structures:    The  new  Chamber  of  Commerce  Building  has  500 
offices  in  its  thirteen  stories.      Temple  Court,  at  the  corner  of  Quincy  and 
Dearborn  streets,  has  400  offices  beneath  its  roof.     The  Mouon,  two  blocks 
south,  has  300  rooms  in  its  thirteen  stories.     The  Manhattan,  an  exclusive 
office  structure  building,  opposite  the  Monon,  is  sixteen  stories  high  and  con- 
tains 700  offices.     The  R  >okery,with  over  600  rooms,  is  a  wilderness  of 
offices,  one  great  pile  of  marble,  andiron,  and  glass,  and  tiling.     The  Home 
Insurance  Company  Building,  which,  when  completed  a  few  years  ago,  was 
looked  upon  as  the  ultima  thule  in  office  buildings,  has  had  its  dizzy  heights 
capped  by  two  additional  stories,  so  that  the  occupnnts  of  the  top  floor  look 
down  upon  those  of  the  top  floor  of  the  Rookery.     The  Tacorna,  that  grace- 
ful structure  on  the  northeast  corner  of  Madison  and  LaSalle  streets,  has  500 
abodes  on  its  many  floors.     Mailer's  building,  on  the  southwest  corner  of 
LaSalle  and  Quincy  streets;  the  Gaff  and   Counseknan  Buildings,  and  the 
Royal  Insurance  Company's  building  adjoining,  contain  110  and  200  and  300 
and  400  offices.     "Brother  Jonathan"  Building,  on  Sherman  and  Jackson 
streets;  the  Rialto,  which  gives  the  Board  of  Trade  a  Venetian  atmosphere, 
and  the  Insurance  Exchange,   opposite  the  Rookery,  are  colonies  within 
themselves. 

Some  Notable  Examples. — At  the  proper  time  and  in  the  proper  place  many 
of  the  great  structures  of  Chicago  will  be  pointed  out  to  the  visitor  and 
described.  Some  of  the  great  architectural  monuments  that  shall  demand 
attention  here  are,  the  Board  of  Trade,  the  '^.Rookery,"  the  Phoenix  building, 
the  Counselman  building,  the  Gaff  building,  the  Insurance  Exchange  build- 
ing, the  Home  Insurance  building,  the  Calumet  building,  the  Tacoma 
building,  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  bldg.,  the  Manhattan  blag.,  the  Temple, 
the  Ashland  bldg.,  the  new  German  Theatre,  and  the  City  Hall  and  Court 
House  ;  all  of  which  may  be  seen  in  a  walk  down  La  Salle  street,  from  Ran- 
dolph to  Jackson  street.  Marshall  Field  &  Co.'s  retail  store,  the  Palmer 
House  and  the  Leiter  building,  on  State  street.  The  Auditorium,  Stude- 
baker,  Art  Institute  and  Pullman  buildings,  on  Michigan  avenue.  The  im- 
mense structures  that  are  now  rising,  and  have  arisen  like  giants  on  South 
Dearborn  street  during  the  past  two  years;  the  Rialto  and  surround- 
ing structures  on  Van  Buren  street ;  the  Royal  Insurance  building  on  Jackson 
street;  the  Rand  &McNally,  and  the  Marshall  Field  &  Co.'s  building  on  Adams 
street ;  the  Grand  Central'railroad  depot  on  Fifth  ave.;  the  Herald  building 
on  Washington  street,  and  the  First  Regiment  Armory  on  Michigan  boule- 
vard. Besides  these,  the  great  Masonic  Temple,  the  Temperance  Temple, 
and  a  score  of  other  magnificent  structures,  now  in  course  of  erection,  will 
add  to  the  amazement  of  the  foreign  or  the  American  visitor,  who  has  been 
taught  to  look  upon  Chicago  as  a  clumsily-built  Western  town. 

Stfd,  Construction. — Chicago  is  rapidly  becoming  a  city  of  steel  from  the 
enormous  quantity  of  that  material  used  in  the  great  down-town  buildings. 
This  extensive  use  of  rolled  steel  for  the  skeletons  of  massive  sky  scrapers  has 
not  only  revolutionized  the  style  of  building,  but  it  has  as  well  created  a  new 
industry.  The  Chicago  Opera  House  was  the  first  fire  proof  building  in  the 
city  in  which  this  radical  departure  in  building  rules  was  tnade.  The  floor 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA*  131 

beams  were  those  first  used  of  steel.  The  columns  were  of  cast  iron.  Then 
followed  the  Rookery,  Counselman,  Gaff  and  Boaid  of  Trade  buildings,  all 
with  steel  beams  and  cast  iron  columns.  But  steel  is  gradually  replacing 
cast-iron  for  columns.  The  Rand-McNally  building  was  the  first  in  which 
steel  was  used  exclusively.  But  the  Monadnock,  Pontiac,  Caxton,  Kearsage, 
Northern  Hotel,  Masonic  and  Tempi  ranee  Temples,  the  new  Athletic  Club 
building,  the  Ashland  building,  the  Cook  County  Abstract  building  and  the 
Fair  building,  are  all  steel  structures.  The  steel  used  besides  the  beams  and 
columns  is  found  intheframesof  bay  windows,  roof  work,  supports  for  roofs — 
in  fact,  everything  that  assists  in  holding  the  weight  of  the  building.  The 
foundations  also  are  of  steel. 

WHERE  THE  STEEL  COMES  FROM. — This  steel  comes  from  various  points. 
Almost  all  the  heavy  steel  rails  used  in  foundations  are  made  by  the  Illinois 
Steel  Company  here  in  Chicago.  These  are  the  regular  rails  in  use  on  rail- 
ways. Rails  are  made  to  weigh  from  sixty  to  eighty  pounds  to  the  yard  in 
length.  The  seventy-five  pound  rails  are  the  ones  used  in  foundations.  Those 
foundations  are  laid  deep  of  tiers  of  rails  crossed,  and  are  extended  always 
into  the  street  or  alley  beyond  the  building  line,  the  distance  varying  accord- 
ing to  the  height  and  weight  of  the  building.  To  illustrate:  Under 
the  Fair  building  foundation  rails  reach  out  twelve  feet  under  the  street  and 
nine  feet  under  the  alley. 

Of  the  steel  beams  90  per  cent,  comes  from  Pittsburgh,  from  the  mills  of 
Carnegie,  Phipps  &  Co.  and  Jones  &  Laughlin.  A  heavy  trade  in  beams  is 
also  done  in  Potts ville,  Pa.;  Trenton,  N.  J.jaud  Pho3nixville,  Pa.  Certain 
sizes  of  steel  beams  are  made  by  the  Illinois  Steel  Company. 

COST  OF  STEEL  BUILDING. — Steel  columns  and  beams  are  worth  $75 
a  ton  delivered  in  Chicago.  The  combination  price  of  steel  beams  is  $3.20  a 
hundred  pounds,  without  any  fittings,  Chicago  delivery.  Small  materials  in 
steel  for  such  as  windows  and  roof  work  cost  from  3  to  5  cents  a  pound.  The 
price  on  steel  varies  but  little,  as  the  mills  have  an  agreement  and  there  are 
but  trifling  deviations.  As  to  relative  cost  of  a  steel-ribbed  building  to  day 
and  one  of  the  best  styled  structures,  say,  ten  years  ago,  the  modern  one  is 
the  more  expensive,  for  labor  is  costlier  now  than  then.  What  really  gave 
birth  to  this  steel  style  of  construction  was  the  fact  that  none  of  the  down- 
town Chicagoans  wanted  to  leave  the  center  of  the  city.  Land  and  space 
grew  more  valuable  and  taller  buildings  became  a  necessity.  The  principal 
advantage  of  steel  ones  and  the  old  style  of  construction  is  that  the  building 
can  be  m-ide  higher  with  safety.  This  style  is  lighter  and  stronger  than  the 
old  method,  too. 

Steel  is  succeeding  cast  iron.  This  is  largely  due  to  the  fact  that  there 
is  no  practicable  way  of  testing  cast  iron,  while  there  is  of  steel.  None  of  the 
manufacturers  have  ever  made  a  machine  to  test  cast  iron.  Cast  iron  col- 
umns are  cast  hollow  while  lying  horizontally.  The  metal  which  is  poured 
in,  by  running  round  the  core  to  the  bottom  first,  may  press  the  core  upward, 
so  that  on  cooling  the  upper  side  of  the  column  may  be  thinner  than  the 
under  side.  Again,  there  may  be  air  bubbles  form  between  two  currents 
of  molten  metal.  What  inspection  is  made  is  to  look  for  those  two  defects. 
One  method  to  determine  the  thickness  is  to  bore  small  holes  through  the 
column,  but  there  is  absolutely  no  way  to  discover  those  air  bubbles.  The 
only  other  test  is  to  set  the  column  on  end  and  bring  an  enormous  hydraulic 
pressure  to  bear  on  it.  Cast  iron  columns  are  fastened  together  in  the  build- 


132  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

ing  by  bolts  screwed  on,  while  steel  columns  are  riveted  together  in  the  build- 
ing with  redhot  rivets.    This  makes  the  structure  more  solid. 

TESTING  STEEL  COLUMNS. — The  manner  of  testing  steel  is  thorough. 
The  steel  used  is  the  Bessemer,  and  is  rolled  between  wheels  under  a  tremen- 
dous pressure.  Air  bubbles  are  pressed  out.  The  columns  are  not  round. 
They  are  made  in  plate  form  and  riveted.  They  can  be  seen  on  all  sides  so 
as  to  determine  their  thickness.  The  inspection  is  elaborate.  The  inspec- 
tors take  a  quantity  of  ore  out  of  each  "  blow  "  and  test  it  as  to  the  quality  of 
the  steel  it  will  make.  If  it  is  not  up  to  the  requirements  builders  take  no 
steel  made  from  that  "blow."  It  is  inspected  and  tested  again  when  the  steel 
is  made  and  again  while  it  is  being  put  together,  and  if  found  defective  at 
any  point  it  is  not  used.  Again,  every  piece  of  structural  steel  is  numbered; 
not  only  that,  but  the  ore  is  designated  that  shall  go  into  a  certain  piece  of 
steel.  ^  So  thorough  is  this  followed  in  detail  and  recorded  that  a  builder  by 
referring  to  his  office  record  can  trace  back  the  course  of  any  piece  of  steel 
in  a  building  through  the  three  stages  of  inspection,  back  to  its  original  ore 
shape.  In  case  of  an  accident  he  could  thus  locate  the  responsibility. 

INSPECTION  OP  STEEL. — One  of  those  inspections  tests  the  breaking  power 
of  the  steel,  and  builders  load  a  building  above  one-fifth  of  that  breaking 
power.  In  calculating  so  as  to  insure  safety,  they  figure  first  on  the  straight 
downward  pressure,  then  on  the  resistance  of  the  wind.  Besides  this,  on  the 
tops  of  all  these  big  office  buildings  are  great  water  tanks  to  furnish  water 
to  run  elevators  and  for  the  bowls,  as  the  city  water  pressure  does  not  drive 
water  to  the  top  of  sky-scrapers.  Those  full  tanks  are  of  tremendous  weight. 
There  must  be  extra  support  for  their  weight.  Then  the  strain  on  an  eleva- 
tor is  enormous  at  times.  If  filled  with  people,  it  is  going  down  rapidly  and 
suddenly  stops,  the  columns  supporting  that  elevator  must  be  extra  strong 
or  something  will  break.  There  are  do/ens  of  things  that  must  be  allowed 
for.  It's  a  trade,  a  profession  by  itself,  and  there's  plenty  of  room  for  think- 
ing in  it.  Every  precaution  is  taken  to  guard  against  accident  and  to  assure 
safety;  that  is  to  say,  among  those  architects  and  builders  of  the  city  who 
have  devoted  great  time  to  this  class  of  structures  and  whose  names  are 
identified  in  the  public  mind  with  this  Chicago  style  of  architecture. 

ART. 

There  are  estimated  to  be  in  Chicago  at  least  five  hundred  artists,  who 
are  engaged  exclusively  in  their  calling,  and  who  find  a  ready  market  for 
their  work,  if  it  is  meritorious  in  character.  There  are  here  a  large  number 
of  gentleman  of  wealth  who  have  devoted  themselves  for  years  past  to  fos- 
tering the  development  of  art  in  Chicago,  and  who  have  contributed  largely 
toward  popularizing  art  exhibitions  and  art  studies.  During  the  past  few 
years  great  progress  has  been  made  in  the  direction  of  building  of  private  gal- 
leries, and  the  walls  of  many  of  the  residences  of  the  city  are  now  orna- 
mented with  some  of  the  choicest  productions  of  the  studios  of  Europe  and 
America. 


.     THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  133 

Permanent  Art  Building. — Now  in  course  of  construction,  on  the  Lake 
Front,  site  of  the  old  later-State  Expositon  building,  main  entrance  to  face 
Adams  st.  Within  easy  walking  distance  of  all  railroad  depots,  street  car 
terminals,  hotels,  etc.,  in  the  heart  of  the  business  center.  This  magnificent 
structure  takes  the  place  of  the  present  Art  Institute,  Michigan  ave.  and  Van 
Buren  St.,  which  passes  into  the  possesion  of  the  Chicago  Club.  The  design 
of  the  new  institute  was  prepared  by  Architects  Shepley,  Rutan  and  Cool- 
idge,  and  was  subjected  to  changes  at  the  hands  of  the  Committee  on  Build- 
ings. The  structure  has  a  frontage  of  320  feet  on  Michigan  ave.;  the  main 
depth  is  175  feet,  with  projections  making  an  arc  208  ftet  in  depth.  The 
plan  is  that  of  a  parallelogram.  It  consists  of  two  galleries,  the  tirst  being 
devoted  to  plaster  casts,  sculptures,  busts,  models,  etc. ;  the  second  to  pictures, 
being  lighted  by  sky-lights  from  above.  The  main  galleries  are  twenty-seven 
feet  wide  and  the  second  galleries  twelve  feet  wide.  The  main  staircase  is 
directly  in  front  as  the  visitor  enters.  On  one  side  is  a  lecture  room  capable 
of  seating  1,000  people,  and  on  the  other  a  library  in  which  is  kept  the  refer- 
ence boous  pertaining  to  art.  The  plan  of  the  picture  galleries  is  similar  to 
that  of  the  statuary  halls  below,  except  that  most  of  the  rooms  are  lighted  by 
skylights.  The  whole  building  is  constructed  of  Bedford  liaieslone,  with 
a  base  of  granite  extending  to  the  water-table.  The  lower  portion  is  rusti- 
cated as  far  as  the  top  of  the  first  floor.  Above  this  is  a  plain  band  of 
chiseled  stone,  and  surmounting  this  is  panels  filled  with  statuary.  Sur- 
mounting this  is  an  entablature  and  cornice  richly  decorated,  the  effect  of 
which  is  highly  increased  by  the  plain  surface  below.  The  idea  of  the  exte- 
rior is  to  the  main  masses  plain  and  simple,  grouping  the  richness  in  certain 
places  which  are  important  in  the  design  of  the  building.  The  roof  is  of 
copper  and  glass  and  presents  au  ornate  and  artistic  appearance.  The  entrance 
hall  is  marble,  and  the  principal  feature  is  the  grand  staircase,  which  is  in  a 
case  fifty  feet  square.  This  is  lighted  by  a  large  skylight  overhead,  and  an 
arcade  is  formed  by  arches  on  all  four  sides.  The  marble  work  of  the 
staircase  is  white,  and  the  decoration  is  in  keeping  with  it.  The  vestibule  Is 
in  marble  and  mosaic,  and  beyond  this  is  the  entrance  hall,  which  is  in  mar- 
ble, with  mosaic  floors  and  ceiling.  The  galleries  lead  out  from  this  from 
either  side,  and  are  entered  through  arched  openings.  The  plans  provided  for  the 
use  of  hollow  brick  inner  walls  overlaid  with  one  and  one-half  inch  planks,  cov- 
ered with  canvas,  which  allows  heavy  pictures  to  be  screwed  to  the  walls  where 
most  convenient.  The  building  is  lighted  by  electricity,  and  all  modern 
improvements  are  used.  It  has  been  decided  by  the  Art  Institute  Trustees  not 
to  build*  the  grand  staircase  and  central  wing  until  after  the  close  of  the  Fair. 
The  present  staircase  is  a  double  one,  eight  feet  wide,  and  will  furnish  ample 
room.  The  building  stands  as  far  back  from  the  Michigan  avenue  sidewalk 
as  it  can  be  placed,  and  furnish  room  for  a  roadway  between  it  and  the 
Illinois  Central  tracks.  The  entrance  to  the  vestibule  is  through  three  arched 
openings.  The  funds  for  the  construction  of  the  Art  Palace  were  derived 
from  three  sources.  The  Art  Institute,  by  the  sale  of  its  old  building  to  the 
Chicago  Club,  realized  $275,000,  the  World's  Fair  Directory  contributed 
$200,000,  and  Charles  L.  Hutchinson,  President  of  the  Art  Institute,  raised  by 
private  subscription  $55,000.  This  makes  a  total  of  $530,000;  but  an  addi- 
tional $70,000  was  raised,  so  that  the  total  cost  amounted  to  $600,000. 

Art  Institute  of  Chicago,  Art  Museum. — Located  in  the  Art  Institute 
building,  Michigan  avenue  and  Van  Buren  street;  incorporated  May  24, 1879. 
Officers— Charles  L.  Hutchinson,  president;  James  H.  Dole,  vice  president; 


134  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

Lyman  J.  Gage,  treasurer,  N.  H.  Carpenter,  secretary.  W.  M.  R.  French, 
director.  Executive  Committee — Charles  L.  Hutchinson,  A.  A.  Sprague, 
James  H.  Dole.  Charles  D.  Hamill,  John  C.  Black,  William  T.  Baker. 
Trustees,  1890-91 — Charles  L.  Hutchinson,  Samuel  M.  Nickerson,  David 
W.  Irwin,  Martin  A.  Ryerson,  William  T.  Baker,  Eliphalet  W.  Blatchfnrd, 
Nathaniel  K.  Fairbank,  James  H.  Dole,  Albert  A.  Sprague,  John  C.  Black, 
Adolphus  C.  Bartlett,  J.  J.  Glessner,  Charles  D.  Hamill,  Edson  Kekli,  Levi 
Z.  Leiter,  Wirt  D.  Walker,  Homer  N.  Hibbard,  Marshall  Field,  George  N. 
Culver,  P.  C.  Handford. 

The  Art  Institute  building  [see  illustration]  has  been  pronounced  by  crit- 
ics the  finest  specimen  of  modern  architecture  in  Chicago.  It  is  built  of 
brown  stone;  has  a  beautiful  facade,  is  splendidly  located,  lighted  perfectly, 
and,  although  not  as  massive  in  construction  as  some  of  its  neighbors,  is  one  of 
the  attractive  edifices  of  the  Lake  Front.  The  Art  Institute  owes  its  origin 
and  prosperity  to  the  disinterested  and  energetic  services  of  a  few  Chicago 
gentlemen,  who  have  expended  upon  it  not  only  a  great  deal  of  their  private 
means,  but  much  of  their  time  during  the  past  ten  years.  During  1889  a 
very  handsome  addition  was  made  to  the  building,  which  led  to  some  very 
desirable  changes  in  the  interior  arrangement.  The  portion  of  the  Art  Insti- 
tute formerly  occupied  by  sky -lighted  picture  galleries,  was  carried  up  three 
floors,  thus  raising  all  the  galleries  to  the  fourth  floor,  and  two  floors  of  the 
same  area  as  the  former  picture  gallaries  were  added  for  exhibitioner  other 
uses.  These  gallaries  are  six  in  number,  of  which  five  occupy  a  space  of  170 
by  27  feet;  and  the  other  a  space  of  40  by  50  feet.  They  accommodate  about 
550  pictures  when  closely  hung,  and  the  light  and  appointments  are  in  every 
way  excellent.  The  Cast  collection  occupies  the  whole  of  the  main  floor  and 
one  large  room  upon  the  second  floor.  The  Library  is  accommodated  in  a 
commodious  room.  The  collection  of  Greek  vasea  and  antiquities  occupies 
one  room  and  the  metal  collection  and  bronzes  another.  A  space  on  the 
third  floor  has  been  arranged  fora  lecture  room.  The  building  is  provided 
with  two  passenger  elevators.  The  following  societies  are  tenants  of  the 
building:  The  Chicago  Literary  Club,  The  Fortnightly  Club,  The  Chicago 
Women's  Club,  The  Chicago  Society  of  Decorative  Art,  The  Kindergarten 
Training  School. 

There  are  now  in  the  Art  Institute  thirteen  pictures  from  the  collection  of 
Prince  Demidoff,  together  with  one  by  Holbein  from  the  May  collec- 
tion in  Paris,  which  constitute  a  group  of  Old  Dutch  Masters  of  such 
value  and  interest  as  perhaps  has  never  before  crossed  the  ocean.  They  are  a 
part  of  the  permanent  collection  of  the  Art  Institute,  the  purchasers  relying 
on  the  generosity  of  the  friends  of  the  Art  Institute  to  pay  for  them  and 
present  them  to  the  museum.  Some  have  already  been  so  presented.  Several 
of  these  pictures,  such  as  the  examples  of  Hobbema  and  Van  Ostade  are 
among  the  most  important  known  works  of  the  Masters,  and  all  are  important 
pictures  in  perfect  preservation.  The  Masters  represented  are  Hobbema, Van 
Ostade,  Rembrandt,  Franz  Hals,  Ruysdael,  Van  Mieris,  Holbein,  Teniers, 
Van  Dyck,  Rubens, "Jan  Steen,  Adr.  Van  de  Velde,  Terburg  and  Zeeman. 
The  presence  of  this  group  of  pictures  is  sufficient  to  give  our  collection 
good  standing  among  American  museums,  and  their  acquisition  is  the  most 
important  step  of  the  year. 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  135 

As  an  evidence  of  the  popularity  of  the  Art  Institute  among  the  people, 
the  following  facts  are  given:  During  the  year  1889-90  the  building  was 
closed  half  the  time  on  account  of  building  operations.  The  aggregate 
attendance  of  visitors  to  the  museum  during  the  six  months  was  66,927,  and 
the 'admission  fees  and  catalogue  sales  amounted  to  $1 .942.15;  number  of  visit- 
ors paid  admission  fees,  5,344;  number  on  free  days,  45,915;  number  admitted 
free  on  membership  tickets,  other  days,  12,667;  number  of  visitors,  students, 
artists;  etc.,  admitted  free,  on  other  days  (estimated)  3, 000;  total  admission, 
66,926;  average  number  of  visitors  on  Saturdays,  free  all  day,  6G9;  average 
number  of  visitors  on  Sundays, open  1  to  5,  free,  855.  The  income  from  all 
sources  for  the  year  was  $44,624.71;  current  expenses,  $43,850.60;  cash 
donations,  $25,685.03.  The  whole  income  from  all  sources  (aside  from  sums 
which  merely  passed  through  the  treasury)  was  $70,309.74.  The  original  cost 
of  the  land,  with  the  building  upon  it,  was  $61,000;  the  amount  expended 
by  the  Art  Institute  in  building  since  that  time  has  aggregated  $208,500. 
The  value  of  the  collections  now  in  the  keeping  of  the  institute,  partly 
the  property  of  the  Art  Institute,  but  chiefly  loans,  considerably  exceeds 
$500,000.  Large  additions  are  being  made  annually  to  the  collections  in  the 
galleries  and  museum.  The  principal  accessions  of  late  have  been:  A  collec- 
tion of  Greek  vases  and  antique  marbles,  and  other  objects,  the  gift  of  Mr. 
Philip  D.  Armour  and  Mr.  Charles  L.  Hutchinson;  a  full  set  of  chromo-litbo- 
graph  reproductions  of  the  old  masters,  published  by  the  Arundel  Society, 
presented  by  Mr.  Edward  E.  Ay er;  a  collection  of  works  in  metal,  chiefly 
electrotype  reproductions,  presented  by  Mr.  Martin  A.  Ryerson  and  Mr. 
Hutchinson;  oil  paintings,  "The  Shepherd's  Star,"  by  Jules  Breton,  pre- 
sented by  Mr.  Philip  D.  Amour;  "  Marsh  in  the  North  of  Holland,"  by 
Eugene  Jettel,  presented  by  P.  C.  Hanford;  "  The  Close  of  Day,"  by  Charles 
H.  Davis,  purchased  from  the  gift  of  the  Opera  Festival  Association;  Gobelin 
Tapestry,  presented  by -Mr.  Charles  J.  Singer.  The  Cast  collection  has  been 
enriched  by  the  fine  collection  of  antique  sculpture  presented  by  the  Inter- 
State  Industrial  Exposition  of  Chicago,  and  the  library  has  received  the 
splendid  work  upon  the  Basilica  of  St.  Marks,  presented  b-y  Mr.  Franklin 
MacVeagh  and  Mr.  Hutchinson. 

During  Mr.  Hutchinson's  visit  to  Europe  in  1890,  he  made  numerous 
purchases  for  the  Art  Institute.  Among  them  are  two  fine  examples  of 
carved  ivory.  One  of  these,  a  triptych,  represents  in  high  relief  on  the  cen- 
tral tablet  the  flight  of  the  holy  family  into  Egypt.  The  virgin,  with  the 
child  Jesus  in  her  arms,  is  seated  on  an  ass  that  is  being  led  by  an  angel,  who 
is  feeding  the  animal  from  an  up-drawn  fold  of  its  robe.  Joseph  follows  with 
staff  and  water-bottle.  Above  this  group  are  cherubs  in  the  bough  of  a  tree 
handing  down  fruit  to  the  babe  in  Mary's  arms,  who  is  stretching  out  his 
arms  to  receive  it.  On  each  of  the  leaves  of  this  triptych  are  two  panels  rep- 
resenting saints,  the  crucifix,  the  lamb  and  other  ecclesiastical  symbols.  The 
other  piece  of  ivory  carving  is  a  panel  representing  the  crucifixion  and  is  a 
very  high  relief ,  the  principal  figures  being  almost  in  the  round.  Within  a 
space  of  five  and  one-half  by  four  and  one-half  inches  there  are  indicated 
fourteen  figures  of  people,  three  horses  and  a  dog.  Next  in  prominence  to 
the  figures  on  the  three  crosses  are  two  soldiers  in  the  immediate  foreground 
w  ho  are  parting  the  raiment,  as  is  recorded  in  sacred  story,  while  to  the  left 
a  dog  stands  regarding  their  action.  In  the  middle  distance  a  Roman  soldier 
is  thrusting  his  spear  into  the  Saviour's  side.  Clinging  to  the  foot  of  the  cross 
is  Mary  Magdalen,  while  back  and  to  the  right  St.  John  supports  the  grief- 


136  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

bowed  figure  of  Mary,  the  mother  of  Christ.  The  whole  work  on  thia  panel 
Is  most  carefully  studied  and  skillfully  wrought.  These  two  pieces  are  the 
first  examples  of  ivory  carving  which  have  been  acquired  by  the  Art  Institute, 
although  a  fine  example  of  Japanese  carving  is  in  the  loan  collection  and  a 
figure  of  carved  wood  and  ivory  has  for  some  time  been  the  property  of  the 
Institute.  [Visitors  to  the  Art  Institute  will  be  provided  with  catalogues  of 
the  entire  collection.] 

Art  Collections. — The  private  art  collections  of  Chicago  are  very  numerous 
and  very  extensive.    This  is  strikingly  evident  at  each  recurring  exhibit  of 
loaned  pictures  at  the  Art  Institute  or  elsewhere.     The  annual  exhibits  at  the 
Inter-State  Exposition,  now  a  thing  of  the  past,  by  reason  of  the  changes 
necessary  pending  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition,  have  grown  from  year 
to  year,  until  they  promised  to  rank  among  the  best  in  the  country.    Steps 
have  been  taken  to  erect  a  permanent  Art  Hall  on  the  Lake  Front,  in  which 
these  annual  exhibitions  will  be  continued.    This  building  will  be  erected 
for  the  Columbian  Exposition,  but  will  be  constructed  in  such  a  manner  as  to 
be  acceptable  to  the  city  as  a  permanent  building  after  the  exposition  closes. 
The  art  galleries  of  the  Illinois  Club,  the  Chicago  Club,  the  Marquette  Club, 
the  Calumet  Club,  and  especially  of  the  Union  League  Club,  are  becoming 
very  valuable.   [See  Union  League  Art  Association.]    The  Vincennes  Gallery 
of  Fine  Arts,  3841  Vincennes  avenue  (take  Illinois  Central'train  to  Oakland 
station,  Thirty-ninth  St.),  is  open  at  all  times,  free  to  visitors.     There  are 
many  beautiful  collections  in  the  private  mansions  of  the  South  Side.     The 
largest  and  best  private  collection  in  the  city  at  present  is  that  contained  in 
the  gallery  of  Mr.  Charles  T.  Yerkes,  3201   Michigan  avenue.     The  more 
important  of  his  pictures  were  purchased  by  Mr.  Yerkes  in  1890,  during  a 
visit  to  Europe,  when  he  devoted  himself  to  the  study  and  selection  of 
pictures.    The  pictures  are  first-class  examples  of  masters  of  the  Dutch  school, 
Rembrandt,   Van  Dyck,    Rubens,  Jan  Steen,   Van   Ostade,   Gerard  Dow, 
Ruysdael,  and  Wonwerman  being  represented.     From  the  last  century  there 
is  a  head  by  Greuze,  and  from  later  schools  there  are  important  pictures  by 
Millet,  Diaz,  Daubigny,  Detaille,  Ziem,  Vibert,  Alfred  Stevens,  Willems, 
Charlemonte,  and  others. 

Art  Institute  of  Chicago  Art  School. — Located  in  the  Art  Institute 
building,  Michigan  avenue  and  Van  Buren  street.  Incorporated  May  24, 
1879.  Officers:  Charles  L.  Hulchinson,  president;  Edson  Keith,  vice- 
president;  Lvinan  J.  Gage,  treasurer;  N.  H.  Carpenter,  secretary;  W.  M. 
R.  French,  director.  Teachers:  W.  M.  R.  French,  director;  Oliver  Dennett 
Grover,  and  John  H.  Vanderpoel,  drawing  and  painting,  life  and  antique; 
Miss  Caroline  D.  Wade,  still  life  classes;  Miss  Charlotte  F.  Dyer,  antique  and 
statuary  classes;  Miss  Charlotte  F.  Dyer,  antique;  N.  fl.  Carpenter,  per- 
spective; Lorado  Taft,  modeling;  Louis  J.  Millet,  architecture  and  designing; 
Charles  L.  Boutwood,  evening  classes.  The  arrangement  of  classes  are  as 
follows: 

COSTUMED  LIFE  CLASS. — Drawingand  painting  from  the  costumed  model, 
daily,  9  to  12  A.  M.,  1  to  4  p.  M. 

NUDE  LIFE  CLASS. — Drawingand  painting  from  the  nude,  daily:  Women, 
8:30  to  12  A.  M.  ;  Men,  1  to  4  P.  M. 

PAINTING  FROM  STILL  LIFE. — Oil  and  water  color,  daily,  1  to  4  p.  M. 

CLASSES  IN  THE  ANTIQUE. — Drawing  from  the  cast,  elementary  and 
advanced,  daily ,  j^to  12  A.  M.,  1  tQ  4,  P.  M. 


G 

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THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  143 

surplus  and  profits  were  $12,424,164  as  against  $10,343,119  for  1890;  deposits 
were  $117, 792,594  as  agninst  $94,471,271  for  1890,  and  loans  and  discounts 
were  $89, 292, 728  as  against  $72,392,018  for  1890.  The  capital  of  the  State 
banks  doing  business  in  Chicago,  according  to  last  reports  furnished  the 
State  Auditor,  was  $12,227.000,  their  surplus  $3,869,000  and  their  undivided 
profits  $1,869,288. — [See  Bank  Clearings,  Bank  Clearance  Comparative,  etc.] 
American  Excliange  National  Bank. — Organized  in  May,  1886,  with  D. 
W.  Irwin,  president;  D.  B.  Dewey,  vice-president;  D.  K.  Pearsons,  second 
vice-president,  and  A.  L.  Dewar,  cashier.  Present  officers:  John  B.  Kirk, 
president;  Wm.  C.  Seipp,  vice-president;  G.  F.Bissell,  second  viee-presidant; 
A.  L.  Dewar,  cashier;  R.  M.  Orr,  assistant  cashier;  Arthur  Tower,  2d  assis- 
tant cashier.  December  31,  1890,  it  showed  capital  stock,  paid  in,  $1,000,000; 
surplus  fund  and -undivided  profits,  $297,989;  deposits,  $3,417,095.76,  total 
liabilities,  $4,715,085.55;  loans  and  discounts,  $3,049,131.48;  overdrafts, 
$3,386.11;  deposit  with  U.  S.  treasurer,  2,250; U.  S.  bonds  to  secure  cir- 
culation, $50,QOO;  premiums  paid,  $9,500;  other  bonds,  $33,600;  real  estate, 
furniture  and  fixtures,  $10,000;  due  from  banks  and  bankers,  $445,951.07; 
exchanges  for  clearing  house,  $319.470.24;  currency,  $216,796.65;  gold  coin, 
$575,000— $1,557,217.96;  total  resources,  $4,715,085.55.  Location,  185  Dear- 
born street. 

Atlas  National  Bank.  —Officers:  President,  W.  C.  D.  Grannis;  vice-presi- 
dent, C.  B.  Parwell;  cashier,  S.  W.  Stone;  assistant  cashier,  W.  S.  Tillotson. 
Directors:  Uri  Balcom,  R.  C.  Clowry,  C.  B.  Farwell,  R.  J.  Bennett,  Joseph 
Austrian,  W.  C.  D.  Grannis,  J.  C.  McMullin,  A.  A.  Hunger,  Wm.  M.  Van 
Nortwick,  C.  P.  Libby,  J.  T.  Chumasero. 

Chemical  National  Bank. — Successor  to  the  Chemical  Trust  and  Savings 
bank,  founded  in  May,  1880.  Occupies  its  own  building,  85  Dearborn  st. 
Capital,  $1,000,000.  Officers:  J.  O.  Curry,  president;  E.  C.  Veasey,  vice- 
president;  A.  T.  Ewing,  second  vice-president;  G.  E.  Hopkins,  assistant 
cishier.  Directors:  W.  M.  Hoyt(W.  M.  Hoyt&.Co.,  Wholsale  Grocers);  D. 
C.  Newton  (banker,  Batavia,  111.);  Robert  Vierling,  President  (Vierling, 
McDowell  &  Co.,  Iron  Founders);  E.  C.  Veasey  (vice-president);  Charles  H. 
Slack  (Grocer);  M.  A.  Mead  (M.  A.  Mead  &  Co.  Wholesale  Jewelers);  A.  T. 
Ewing  (second  vice-president);  S.  E. Gross  (Real  Estate);  Otis  Jones  (Director, 
Macon  Dublin  &  Savannah  Ry.  Co.);  S-  W.  Lamson  (Lamson  Bros.,  Grain 
Commission);  H.  J.  Straight  (K.  J.  Straight  &  Co.,  Fire  Insurance);  E.  J. 
Edwards  (President,  Hicks  Stock  Car  Co.);  F.  E.  Spooner  (Chicago  Union 
Lime  Works);  O.  W.  Norton  (President,  Norton  Brothers,  Manufacturers  Tin 
Plate,  Japan  Ware);  J.  O.  Curry  (President).  It  will  be  seen  that  the  directors 
are  representative  business  men.  The  Chemical  National,  though  one  of  the 
most  recently  organised,  ranks  among  the  most  prominent  of  the  city. 

Chicago  National  Bank. — Officers:  President,  John  R.  Walsh;  vice- 
president,  H.  H.  Nash;  cashier,  William  Cox;  assistant  cashier,  F.'M.  Blount. 
Directors:  A.  McNally,  Adolph  Loeb,  H.  H.  Nash,  C.  K.  G.  Billings,  F. 
Madlener,  Ferd.  W.  Peck,  J.  R.  Walsh.  Capital,  $500,000;  surplus  and 
profits,  $566,810;  loans  and  discounts,  $4,277,125;  cash  and  treasury  credits, 
$1,715,793;  individual  deposits,  $5,998,610;  due  banks,  $861,870;  due  from 
banks  and  agents,  $1,396,429;  checks  for  clearing  house,  $262,306;  U.  S. 


144  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

bonds,  $50,000;  other  stocks  and  bonds,  $270,636;  total  deposits,  $6,860,480; 
circulation,  $45,000.  The  Chicago  National  Bank  is  recognized  as  one  of  the 
leading  financial  institutions  of  the  city. 

Columbia  National  Bank. — Open  for  business  Feb.  16,  1891.  Paid  in 
capital,  $9,000,000.  Officers:  L.  Everingham,  president;  W.  G.  Bently, 
vice-president;  Zimri  Dwiggins,  cashier;  J.  T.  Greene,  assistant  cashier. 
Directors,  Malcolm  McNeil,  E.  S.  Conway,  H.  D.  Kohn,  C.  W.  Needham, 
Peter  Kuntz,  J.  D.  Allen,  L.  Everingham,  W.  G.  Bently,  Z.  Dwiggins,  and 
'  J.  M.  Starbuck.  Resources — Discounts  and  time  loans,  $1,192,399.88; 
United  States  bonds,  $50,000;  redemption  fund,  $2,250;  furniture  and  fixtures, 
$10,952.85;  current  expenses,  $31,607.76;  due  from  banks  and  bankers,  $362,- 
641.90;  cash  and  cashitems,  $228,291.29;  demand  loans,  $420,460.23  ($1,011,- 
393.42);  total,  $2,298,603.91.  Liabilities— Capital  stock  paid  in,  $1,000,000; 
surplus  and  undivided  profits,  $77,416.90;  circulation,  "$45,000;  deposits, 
$1,176,187.01;  total,  $2,298,603.91.  The  Columbian  National  transacts  a 
general  banking  business.  A  separate  suite  of  rooms  with  clerical  force, 
teller,  etc.,  and  every  facility  for  banking  are  provided  especially  for  ladies. 
The  motto  of  the  bank  is,  safety,  courtesy,  promptness,  liberality.  Location 
of  banking-house,  Insurance  Exchange  Building,  corner  LaSalle  and  Quincy 
streets. 

Commercial  National  Bank. — Organized  December,  1864.  The  present 
officers  are — Henry  F.  Eames,  president ;  O.  W.  Potter,  vice-ptesident ;  F.  S. 
Eames,  3d  vice-president ;  John  B.  Meyer,  cashier ;  D.  Vernon,  assistant 
cashier. 

Resources.— Loans  and  discounts,  $6,980,972.79  ;  overdrafts,  $3,384.04; 
United  States  bonds  to  secure  circulation,  $50,000.;  other  stocks,  bonds  and 
mortgages,  $260,  804.37  ;  due  from  other  National  banks  $891,811.04;  due 
from  State  banki  and  bankers,  $247.49  ;  total  $892,058-53.  Real  estate,  $31,- 
750.90;  taxes  paid,  $15,359.89;  Checks  and  other  cash  items,  $3,088; 
exchanges  for  clearing-house,  $327,468.93;  bills  of  other  banks,  $71,005; 
fractional  currency,  nickels,  and  pennies,  $927,70  ;  specie,  $1,597,  994.60; 
legal  tender  notes,  $380;000.;  $2,380,484.23;  redemption  fund  with 
United  States  treasurer  (5  per  cent  of  circulation),  $2,250.;  total,  $10,617,- 
064.75.  Liabilities.  Capital  stock  paid  in,  $1,000,000;  surplus  fund, 
$1,000,000;  undivided  profits,  $103,997.19  ;  National  Bank  notes  outstand- 
ing $45,000  ;  individual  deposits  subject  to  check,  $3,598,196.05  ;  demand 
certificates  of  deposit,  $216,490.77;  certified  checks,  $63,682.12;  cashier's 
checks  outstanding,  $176,416.76  ;  due  to  other  National  Banks,  $1,"793,984.68  ; 
due  to  State  banks  and  bankers,  $2,619,297.18;  total  $8,468,067.56;  grand 
total,  $10,617,064.75. 

Directors.— Henry  F.  Eames,  S.  W.  Rawson,  William  J.  Chalmers, 
N.  K.  Fairbank,  O.  W.  Potter,  Jesse  Spalding,  Henry  W.  King,  Franklin 
MacVeagh,  Norman  Williams.  Location  of  banking  house,  Southeast 
corner  of  Dearborn  and  Monroe  streets. 

Continental  National  Bank.— Organized  March  5,  1883.  Present  officers 
— Directors:  John  C.  Black,  John  R.  Winterbotham,  Calvin  T.  Wheeler, 
Richard  T.  Crane,  Henry  C.  Durand,  William,  G.  Hibbard,  Henry  Botsford, 
James  H.  Dole,  George  H.  Wheeler,  J.  Ogden  Armour,  Isaac  N.  Perry  ; 
President,  John  C.  Black ;  2nd  vice-president,  Isaac  N.  Perry;  cashier, 
Douglass  Hoyt ;  assistant  cashier,  Ira  P.  Bowen.  Banking  house,  La  Salle 
and  Adams  street.  Semi-annual  dividends  of  3  per  cent,  are  paid  January 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 
THE  INTER-OCEAN  BUILDING,  MADISON  AND  DEARBORN  STS. 

[See  "  Newspapers."] 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  145 

first  and  July  first.  Report  of  condition  at  the  close  of  business  December 
2d,  1891.  Resources:  Loans  and  discounts,  $6,896J}37.20  ;  overdrafts,  $21, 
988.78 ;  United  States  bonds  for  circulation,  $5tyOOO ;  other  bonds  oa 
hand,  $2,600;  real  estate,  furniture  and  fixtures,  $39,605.37;  premiums 
paid,  $7,000;  cash,  $1,496,580.05;  due  from  banks,  $1,703,072;  checks 
for  clearings,  $1,075,988.73  ;  due  from  United  States  treasurer,  $2,250 ; 
total,  $11,295,622.13.  Liabilities.  Capital  stock  paid  in,  $2,000,000  ;  sur- 
plus fund,  $250,000 ;  undivided  profits,  $219,014,20 ;  bank  notes  out- 
standing, $23,600;  individual  deposits,  $4,429,013.15;  due  banks,  $4,373,- 
994.78  ;  total,  $11,295,622.13.  Location  of  banking  house,  southwest  corner 
of  La  Salle  and  Adams  streets.  M.  Calvin  T.  Wheeler,  one  of  Chicago's 
foremost  business  men  and  financiers,  was  the  organizer  of  this  bank  and  its 
first  president.  He  was  succeeded  in  1887  by  Mr.  Black,  who  has  been  con- 
nected with  the  bank  since  its  organization.  He  was  its  first  cashier,  and 
was  actively  instrumental  in  perfecting  the  system  inaugurated  for  the  tran- 
saction of  the  business  of  the  bank  with  the  greatest  convenience  to  its  cus- 
tomers. 

Drover's  National  Bank.—  Organized  1883  :  Present  officers — S.  Brintnall, 
president ;  John  Brown,  vice-pi esident ;  W.  H.  Brintnall,  cashier  ;  Edward 
Tilden,  assistant  cashier.  Resources  :  Loans  and  discounts,  $807,088.97 ; 
overdrafts,  $12.25  ;  United  States  bonds,  $50,000 ;  banking  house,  $12,- 
500;  premiums,  $8.500;  due  from  banks,  $696,643.14;  cash,  $121,319.- 
13;  total,  $817,962.27;  grand  total,  $1,696,063.49.  Liabilities:  Capital 
stock,  $250,000 ;  surplus,  $50,000 ;  undivided  profits,  $36,748.45  :  cir- 
culation, $45.000 ;  deposits,  $1,314,315.04  ;  total,  $1,696,063.49.  Directors 
— Percy  W.  Palmer,  Charles  L.  Shattuck,  Watson  8.  Hinkly,  John  Brown, 
James  P.  Sherlock,  J.  E.  Greer,  W.  H.  Brintnall,  Solva  Brintnall.  Location 
of  banking  house,  4207  South  Halsted  street,  Union  Stockyards. 

First  National  Bank. — Organized,  Nov.  1863.  Present  officers  :  Lyman 
J.  Gage,  president ;  Henry  R.  Symonds,  vice-president ;  James  B.  Forgant, 
2d.  vice-present ;  Richard  J.  Street,  cashier ;  Holmes  Hoge,  assistant 
cashier.  Statement  of  condition  January,  1892.  Assets :  Loan  and  dis- 
counts, $16,475,614.91  ;  bank  building  and  other  real  estate,  $650,000  , 
United  States  bonds,  (par  value),  $55,150 ;  other  bonds,  $847,450.  Cash 
resources:  Due  from  banks,  (Eastern  exch.),  $4,396,430.99;  checks  for 
clearing  house,  $1,659,783.10;  cash  on  hand,  $8,410,499.87;  due  from  U. 
S.  treasurer,  $26,250 ;  total  ;  $14,492,963.96  ;  grand  total,  $32,521,178.87. 
Liabilities:  Capital  stock  paid  in,  $3,000,000;  surplus  fund,  $2,000,000; 
other  undivided  profits,  $1,023,059.31  ;  dividend,  90,000  ;  Deposits,  $26,- 
408,119.56;  total,  $32,521,178.87.  Directors:  Sarnl.  M.  Nickcrson,  E.  F. 
Lawrence,  S.  W.  Allerton,  F.  D.  Gray,  Norman  B.  Ream,  Nelson  Morris, 
James  B.  Forgan,  L.  J.  Gage,  Eugene  S.  Pike,  A.  A.  Carpenter,  H.  R. 
Symonds.  Location  of  banking  house,  northwest  corner  of  Dearborn  and 
Monroe  streets,  First  National  Bank  building. 

At  the  date  of  incorporation,  the  First  National  Bank  had  a  capital  of 
$100,000.  Its  officers  were— President,  E.  Aiken;  cashier,  E.  E.  Braisted. 
It  then  stood  number  8  in  the  order  of  National  Banks.  The  capital  of  the 
bank  was  soon  increased  to  $1,000,000.  In  1867  President  Aiken  died,  and 
was  succeeded  by  Samuel  M.  Nickerson,  who  has  held  the  office  ever  since. 
In  1868  Lyman  J.  Gage  was  appointed  cashier.  The  fire  of  1871  destroyed 


146  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

the  bank's  building,  which  stood  at  the  southwest  corner  of  State  and  Wash- 
ington sts.  This  building  was  at  once  rebuilt,  and  was  occupied  until  the 
bank  moved  into  its  present  magnificent  structure,  which  was  erected  espe- 
cially for  its  accommodation,  and  with  aviewto the  convenient  transaction  of 
its  immense  business  [See  "First  National  Bank  Building  "  andillustration.] 
During  the  panic  of  1873  the  bank  passed  through  the  ordeal  in  excellent 
shape,  coming  out  of  it  with  the  renewed  and  strengthened  confidence  of  the 
public  in  the  stability  of  its  resources,  and  the  wisdom  and  integrity  of  its 
management.  The  fact  is  often  referred  to  even  in  these  days,  that  Mr. 
Gage's  courageous  and  judicious  executive  ability  in  1873  not  only  averted  a 
calamity  for  his  own  bank,  but  had  the  effect  of  stimulating  the  nerve  of 
others  in  Chicago,  and  of  inspiring  the  public  with  faith  in  the  ability  of  all 
to  meet  their  obligations  if  they  were  not  harassed  or  hampered.  The 
charter  of  the  First  National  Bank  expired  in  1882;  it  went  into  liquidation, 
paying  off  its  stockholders  and  giving  each  one  of  them  $294  for  every  SjslOO 
paid  in.  This  was  in  addition  to  dividends  upon  the  capital  from  time  to 
time,  which  averaged  through  its  entire  history  10  per  cent,  per  annum.  On 
the  expiration  of  the  old  charter  the  new  First  National  Bank,  No.  2670,  was 
organized,  and  succeeded  to  the  business  of  the  old  bank.  Its  paid-up  capi- 
tal was  fixed  at  $3,000,000;  Mr.  Gage  was  made  vice-president,  aud  Mr. 
Symonds,  cashier.  The  First  National  Bank  is  not  only  the  greatest  finan- 
cial institution  in  Chicago,  but  one  of  tbe  greatest  in  the  country.  The 
showing  of  earnings  and  surplus  which  it  made  at  the  close  of  last  year's 
business  attracted  universal  attention. 

First  National  Bank  of  Enylewood:  Located  at  Englewood,  Chicago. 
Officers.  J.  li.  Enibre,  president ;  E.  L.  Roberts,  vice-president  ;  F.  B.  War- 
ren. Directors  :  J.  It.  Einbre,  J.  K.  ISichols,  H.  B.  Murphy,  D.  E.  Prentice, 
B.  H.  Knights,  C.  H.  Caldwell,  W.  H.  Sharp,  J.  M.  Johnson. 

Fort  Dearborn,  Xnlimuil  Bunk  . — Organized,  May  1,  1887.  Present  officers  : 
John  A.  King,  president  ;  \V .  L.  Barnum,  vice-president ;  Peter  Dudley,  cash- 
ier ;  Chas.  H.  McGrath,  assistant  cashier.  Capital,  $500,000.  Surplus  at  close 
of  1892,  $25.000.  Undivided  profits,  $19,218,590.  The  Fort  Dearborn 
National  bank  is  an  institution  of  the  highest  standing,  its  directors  being  men 
of  large  financial  resources.  Directors  :  W.  L.  Barnum  ;  J.  W.  Pluinmer, 
John  J.  McGrath,  William  J.  Wilson,  D.  K.  Hill,  E.  Mandel,  Thomas  Kane, 
George  Keller,  Arthur  D.  Rich,  A.  Plamondon  and  John  A.  King.  Location 
of  banking  house,  187-189  Dearborn  street. 

Globe  Ni.ttiimnl  Bank. — Commenced  business  December  22,  1890,  capital. 
$1,000,000,  surplus,  $45,000.  Present  officers— Oscar  D.  Wetherell,  presi- 
dent; Melville  E.  Stone,  vice-president;  D.  A.  Moullon,  cashier;  C.  C.  Swin- 
borue,  assistant  cashier.  The  directors,  comprising  well-known  business 
men  and  capitalists,  are  as  follows — Melville  E.  Stone,  late  editor  Chicago 
Dai?u  AV/r.vy  Gust.ivus  F.  Swift,  president  Swift  &  Co.  packers;  William  II. 
Harper,  manager  Chicago  ik  Pacific  Elevator  Company;  Robert  L.  Henry, 
president  Keystone  Palace  Horse-Car  Company;  Morris  Rosenbaum,  com- 
mission merchant;  Everett  W.  Brooks',  lumber  manufacturer;  James  L. 
High,  attorney- at-law;  Amos  Gran nis,  contractor;  Oscar  D.  Wetherell.  Lo- 
cation of  banking  house,  northwest  corner  of  J:>ckson  and  La  Sails  streets, 
opposite  Board  of  Trade. 

Hide  and  Leather  National  Bank. — Organized  in  1872,  received  its  charter 
as  a  National  bank  in  1878.  Present  officers:  Charles  F.  Grey,  president;  H. 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  147 

A.  White,  vice-president;  D.  L.  Forest,  cashier;  Thos.  L.  Forrest,  assistant 
cashier.  Capital,  $300,000;  resources,  $2,171,827.96;  surplus  fund,  $95,000; 
undivided  profits,  $43,702.12.  The  individual  deposits  amount  to  $1,317,- 
568.67.  Directors,  George  C.  Beuton,  William  L.  Gray,  C.  H.  Morse,  Hugh 
A.  White,  J.  V.  Taylor, "George  M.  Lyoii,  P.  P.  Muthews,  Charles  F.  Grey, 
O.  F.  Fuller.  "Location  of  banking  house,  La  Salle  and  Madison  sts 

Home  National  Bank. — Officers:  President,  A.  M.  Billings;  vice-presi- 
dent, J.  C.  McMullen;  secretary,  H.  H.  Blake.  Directors:  A.  M."  Billings, 
William  A.  Talcott,  C.  K.  G.  Billings,  J.  C.  McMullen,  David  Bradley. 

Lincoln  National  Bank. — Organized  March,  1887..  Present  officers — V.  C. 
Price,  president;  E.  S.  Noyes,  cashier;  J.  R.  Clarke,  assistant  cashier. 
Resources,  loans  and  discounts,  $592,132.42;  overdrafts,  $710.68;  U.  S.  bonds 
to  secure  circulation,  $50,000;  other  stock,  bonds  and  mortgages,  $500;  due 
from  other  national  banks,  $140,736,35;  due  from  state  banks  aud  bankers, 
$33  836.09;  real  estate,  furniture  aud  fixtures;  $4,731.50;  current  expenses  and 
taxes  paid,  $2,957.87;  premiums  paid,  $8,000;  checks  and  other  cash  items, 
$881.11;  exchanges  for  clearing  house,  $51,822.26;  bills  of  other  banks,  $5,692; 
fractional  paper  currency,  nickels  and  pennies,  $43.44;  specie,  $82,258.15; 
legal  tender  notes,  $80,000;  redemption  fund  with  U.  S.  treasurer  (ft  per  cent, 
of  circulation),  $2,250;  cash  means,  $387,518.40;  total,  $1,046,557.87.  Liabil- 
ities— Capitalstockpaidin,  $200,000;  surplus  fund,  $10,000;  undivided  profits, 
$17,108.92;  national  bank  notes  outstanding,  $45,000;  individual  deposits,  sub- 
ject to  check,  $635,225.53;  demand  certificates  of  deposit,  $24,869.99;  certified 
checks,  $2,640.58;  cashier's  cheeks  outstanding,  $285.96;  due  to  other  national 
banks,  $107,917.18;  due  to  state  banks  and  bankers,  $3,509.71;  total  deposits, 
$774,448.95;  total,  $1,046,557.87. 

Merchants'  National  Bank. — Organized  December,  1863  ;  capital,  $500,- 
000.  Preeent  officers  :  Chaimcey  J.  Blair,  president ;  Frederick  W.  Crosby, 
vice-president ;  Henry  A.  Blair,  second  vice-president ;  John  C.  Neely, 
cashier  ;  directors,  C.  J.  Blair,  William  Blair,  H.  A.  Blair,  W.  F.  Blair,  M. 
A.  Rverson,  F.  W.  Crosby.  Statement. — Resources:  Loans  and  discounts, 
$6,828,123.15  ;  overdrafts,  $102.13;  United  States  bonds  at  par,  $50,000;  other 
bonds  at  par,  $283,700;  banking  house  and  safe  deposit  vaults,  $125,000;  due 
from  banks  and  United  States  Treasurer,  $1,585,440.62;  coin  and  currency, 
$3,795, 797.60;  total,  $12,668,163.50.  Liabilities:  Capital,  $500,000;  surplus, 
$1,500,000;  undivided  profits.  $253  483.10;  dividends  unpaid,  $260;  deposits, 
$10,414,420.40;  total,  $12,668,163.50.  Location  of  banking  house,  80  and  82 
La  Salle  street. 

Metropolitan  National  Bank. — Organized  May  12,  1884.  Present  officers: 
E.  G.  Keith,  president;  J.  L.  Woodward,  vice  president;  W.  D.  Preston, 
cashier;  H.  II.  Hitchcock,  assistant  cashier.  Resources:  Loans  and  discounts, 
$8,899,544.10;  overdrafts,  $4.893.15,  bonds,  $167,900;  due  from  banks 
and  bankers,  $1,620,995.26;  cash  and  checks  for  clearings,  $2,667,229  37. 
Total,  $4,456,124.63.  Grand  total,  $13,360,561.88.  Liabilities:  Capital  stock 
paid  in,  $2,000,000;  surplus  and  undivided  profits,  $1,111,372.90;  national 
bank  notes  outstanding,  $45,000;  deposits,  $10,204,188.98.  Total,  $13,- 
360.561.88.  Directors:  William  Deering,  A.  C.  Bartlett,  Edson  Keith,  James 
L.  Woodard,  W.  J.  Watson,  E,  Frankenthal,  G.  B.  Shaw,  E.  T.  Jeffery, 
E.  G.  Keith,  W.  D.  Preston.  Location  of  banking  house,  La  Salle  and 
Madison  streets. 


148  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

National  Bank  of  America. — Organized  January  1, 1883.  Present  officers: 
Isaac  G.  Lombard,  president ;  Morton  B.  Hull,  vice-president;  Edward  B. 
Lathrop,  cashier;  Charles  A.  Tinkham,  assistant  cashier.  Resources:  Dis- 
counts and  demand  loaus,  $3,334,154.90;  overdrafts,  2,956.27;  U.  S.  4  per 
cent,  bonds,  to  secure  circulation,  $50,000;  other  bonds,  $50,000;  due 
from  other  national  banks,  $525,227.29;  due  from  banks  and  bankers,  $67,- 
370.89;  $592,598.18;  cash— exchanges  for  clearing  house,  $231,590.85;  cur- 
rency and  specie,  $1,073,586.57;  $1,305,177.42;  due  from  treasurer  U.  S. 
5  per  cent  fund,  $2,250;  due  from  treasurer  U.  S.  (other  than  5  per  cent, 
fund),  $10,000;  $5,347,136.77.  Liabilities:  Capital  stock,  $1,000,000; 
surplus  fund,  $250,000;  undivided  profits,  $59,217.29;  circulating  notes, 
$44,iOO;  dividends  unpaid,  $86.00;  deposits,  $3,993.431.48;  $5,347,136.77. 
The  directors  are:  William  Ruger,  Morton  B.  Hull,  William  Dickinson, 
Charles  M.  Henderson,  Cyrus  H.  Adams,  John  H.  Witbeck,  Clarence  Buck- 
ingham, Isaac  G.  Lombard,  Edward  B.  Lathrop.  Location  of  banking  house 
La  Salle  and  Washington  streets. 

National  Bank  of  Illinois. — Organized  December,  1871.  Present  officers: 
George  Schneider,  president;  William  H.  Bradley,  vice-president;  W.  A. 
Hammond,  cashier;  Carl  Moll,  assistant  cashier;  Henry  D.  Field,  2d  assist- 
ant cashier.  Resources:  Loans  and  discounts,  $7,736,475.44;  U.  S.  bonds  to 
secure  circulation  (4s  at  par),  $50,000;  other  bonds  and  stocks,  at  par, 
$198,760;  5  per  cent,  redemption  fund,  $2,250;  due  from  national  banks, 
$1,390,733.76;  due  from  banks  and  bankers,  $397,354.99;  exchanges  for 
clearing  house,  $679,492.84;  cash  on  hand,  $2,043,899.73;  $4,511,481.32; 
$12,498,966.76.  Liabilities:  Capital  stcck  paid  in,  $1,000,000;  surplus, 
$900,000;  undivided  profits,  $14,487.34;  national  bank  notes  outstanding, 
$45,000;  dividends  unpaid,  $442.50;  deposits— individual,  $7,135,158.03; 
deposits— banks,  $3,303,878.89;  total,  $10,439,036.92;  grand  tota],  $12,498,- 
966.76.  .  Directors,  S.  B.  Cobb,  Walter  L.  Peck,  William  R  Page,  George 
E.  Adams,  Charles  R.  Corwith,  C.  H.  Bradley,  Frederick  Mahla,  R.  E. 
Jenkins,  Albert  A.  Hunger,  William  A.  Hammond,  George  Schneider. 
Location  of  banking  house  111,  113,  115,  and  117  Dearborn  street. 

National  Live  Stock  Sank. — Present  officers — Levi  B.  Doud,  president; 
George  T.  Williams,  vice-president;  Roswell  Z.  Herrick,  cashier.  Resources 
—Loans  and  discounts,  $2,537,360.36;  overdrafts,  $7,355.30;  U.  S.  bonds  to 
secure  circulation,  $50,000;  other  stocks,  bonds  and  mortgages,  $49,875; 
Due  from  other  National  banks,  $1,658,866.19;  Due  from  Stale  banks  and 
bankers,  $197,324.92— $1,856,191.11;  Real  Estate,  furniture  and  fixtures, 
$3,326.47;  current  expenses  and  taxes  paid,  $83.70;  premiums  paid,  $8,000  ; 
exchanges  for  clearing-house,  $64,019.92;  bills  of  other  banks,  $11,965;  frac- 
tional paper  currency,"  nickels  and  pennies,  $765.97;  specie,  $200, 397. 50;  legal  - 
tender  notes,  $199,600;  U.  S.  certificates  of  deposit  for  legal  tenders,  1100,000 
—$576,739.39;  redemption  fund  with  U.  S.  Treasurer  (5  per  cent,  of  circula- 
tion), $2,250;  total,  $5,091,181.33.  Liabilities— Capital  stock  paid  in,  $750,- 
000;  surplus  fund,  $300,000;  undivided  profits,  $176,742.13;  National  bank 
notes  outstanding,  $32,000;  dividends  unpaid,  $1,088;  individual  deposits 
subject  to  check,  §1,836,071.02;  demand  certificates  of  deposit,  $332,984.91; 
lime  certificates  of  deposit,  $25.00;  due  to  other  National  banks,  $1,363,500.- 
47;  due  to  State  banks  and  bankers,  §298,769.80— $3,831,351.20;  total,  $5,091,- 
181.33.  Directors — John  B.  Sherman,  Irus  Coy,  George  T.  Williams.  Levi 
B.  Doud,  Roswell  Z.  Herrick,  Samuel  Cozzens,  Daniel  G.  Brown.  At  the 


i  E 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  149 

last  annual  meeting  of  directors  the  sum  of  $100,000  was  carried  to  the  sur- 
plus fund,  now  $300,000,  while  the  individual  profits  reached  $37,000.  The 
dividends  have  been  2  per  cent,  quarterly.  At  the  last  meeting  of  directors, 
held  December  29,  1891,  $100,000  was  carried  from  profit  and  loss  to  surplus 
account,  making  $400,000  now  (spiing  of  '92)  in  surplus.  Location  of  bank- 
ng  house,  Main  Stock  Yards. 

National  Bank  of  the  Republic. — Organized  August,  1891  ;  location  of 
banking  house,  Mailers  Building,  La  Salle  st.  (After  May  1,  1892).  Capital 
stock  $1,000,000.  President,  John  A.  Lynch  ;  vice-president,  A.  M.  Roths- 
child (cashier),  W.  T.  Fenton.  Directors,  E.  B.  Strong  (of  the  late  firm  of 
Foss,  Strong  &  Co.);  A.  M.  Rothschild  (of  E.  Rothschild  &  Bros.,  manufact- 
urers and  wholesale  clothiers);  Alexander  Mackay  (general  freight  agent 
Michigan  Central  R.  R.);  J.  B.  Mailers  (capitalist);  Henry  Kerber,  of 
Henry  Kerber  &  Son  (wholesale  stone  dealers);  J.  B.  Greenhut  (president 
Distilling  &  Cattle  Feeding  Co.);  Samuel  Woolner  (capitalist);  W.  H. 
McDoel  (general  manager  L.,  N.  A.  &  C.  R.  R.);  John  A.  Lynch  of  Thos. 
Lynch  &  Sons  (capitalists),  and  W.  T.  Fenton.  Comparative  statement  of 
deposits  September  25th,  $942,666;  December  2d,  $1,127,826.61 ;  December 
31st,  $1,206.296.25;  January  18th,  1892,  $1,307,112.06.  Though  one  of  the 
youngest,  this  is  looked  upon  as  being  one  of  the  strongest  banks  in  the 
city. 

Northwestern  National  Bank. — Organized  August,  1864.  Present  officers 
-^E.  Buckingham,  president;  W.  F.  Dummer,  vice-president;  F.  W.  Gookin, 
cashier;  F.  W.  Griffin,  assistant  cashier.  Resources — Loans  and  discounts, 
$3,344,595.94;  overdrafts,  $2,384.60;  U.  S.  bonds  to  secure  circulation  (4  per 
cents),  $200,000;  U.  S.  bonds  to  secure  deposits  (4  per  cents),  $300,000;  other 
stock,  bonds  and  mortgages,  $93,091.96;  due  from  other  National  banks, 
$492,510.54;  due  from  State  banks  and  bankers,  $34,315.13— $526,825.67; 
checks  and  other  cash  items,  $358.06;  exchangesfor  clearing-house,  $290,838,- 
02;  bills  of  o'her  banks,  $9,790;  fractional  paper  currency,  nickels,  and  pen- 
nies, $307.57;  specie,  $639,772.41;  legal-tender  notes,  $307,017— $1,248,083.06; 
redemption  fund  with  U.  S.  Treasurer  (5  per  cent,  of  circulation),  $9,000; 
total,  $5,723,981.23.  Liabilities— Capital  stock  paid  in,  $1,000,000;  surplus 
fund,  $500,000;  undivided  profits,  $100,606.32;  National  bank  notes  outstand- 
ing, $115,045;  individual  deposits  subject  to  check,  $1,684,572.36;  demand 
certificates  of  deposit,  $43,628.40;  certified  checks,  $45.417.78;  cashier's 
checks  outstanding.  $50,190;  United  States  deposits,  $282,499.22;  deposits  of 
U.  S.  disbursing  officers,  $14,238.72;  due  to  other  National  banks,  $938,105.- 
30;  due  to  State  banks  and  bankers,  $949,678.13— $4,008,329.91;  total,  $5,723,- 
981.23.  Directors— Ebenezer  Buckingham,  Edward  E.  Ayer,  William  F. 
Dummer,  Marshall  M.  Kirkman  and  Franklin  H.  Head.  Location  of  banking 
house,  La  Salle  and  Adams  Streets. 

Oakland  National  Bank. — Officers:  President,  Horace  B.  Taylor;  vice- 
president,  Arthur  W.  Allyn;  cashier,  J.  J.  Knight.  Directors:  John  R. 
Walsh,  Horace  B  Taylor,  D.  Harry  Hammer,  J.  J.  Knight,  Arthur  W. 
Allyn,  William  A.  Hammond,  D.  H.  Kochersperger. 

Prairie  State  National  Bank. — Officers:  President,  James  W.  Scoville; 
vice-president,  George  Woodland;  cashier,  George  Van  Zandt.  Directors — 
B.  F.  Homer,  William  Hafner,  H.  J.  Evans,  George  Woodland,  M.  C.  Bul- 
lock, George  Van  Zandt,  Jamei  W.  Scoville. 


150  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

Union  National  Bank. — Organized  December,  1863.  Present  officers — 
John  J.  P.  Odell,  president;  David  Kelley,  vice  president;  August  Blum, 
cashier;  W.  O.  Hipwell,  assistant  cashier.  Resources — Loans  and  discounts, 
$6,210,437.71;  United  States  bonds  to  secure  circulation,  par  value,  $50,- 
000;  other  stocks,  bonds  and  mortgages,  $831,225.09;  furniture,  fix- 
tures and  real  estate,  $11,500;  due  from  banks,  $1,579.525  94;  exchanges 
for  clearing  house  $733,760.21;  cash,  $1,931,548.60— $4,244,  834.75;  due  from 
United  States  treasurer,  $10,250;  total  $11,358,247.55.  Liabilities:  Capital 
stock,  paid  in,  $2,000,000;  surplus,  fund,  $700,000;  undivided  profits,  $80,- 
640  79;  reserved  for  taxes,  $37,662.74;  national  bank  notes  outstanding, 
$44,100;  deposits,  individual,  $4,055,088.38;  deposits,  banks,  *4, 440,755. 64; 
$8,495,844.02;  Total,  $11,358,247.55.  The  directors  are  C.  R.  Cummiogs, 
J.  H.  Barker,  H.  N.  May,  David  Kelley,  O.  C.  Barber,  S.  K.  Martin,  S.  B. 
Barker,  D.  B.  Dewey,  J.  J.  P.  Odell.  The  Union  National  has  been  especially 
favored  in  having  had  for  its  presidents  some  of  Chicago's  ablest  and  most 
experienced  financiers,  and  to  this  is  mostly  due  the  bank's  prompt  rush 
to  the  front  line  of  the  city  banks  and  its  maintenance  of  that  position 
for  so  many  years.  The  first  president  was  William  F.  Coolbaugh,  -who  at 
his  death,  which  occurred  in  November,  1877,  was  succeeded  by  Calvin  T. 
"Wheeler.  On  the  expiration  of  its  original  charter  December  30,  1884,  the 
Union  National  Bank  was  re-organized,  and  under  its  new  charter,  W.  C.  D. 
Grannis  was  chosen  president,  and  J.  J.  P.  Odell,  vice-president.  Mr.  C. 
R.  Cummings  was  made  president  in  1886,  but  took  no  active  part  in  the 
management  of  the  bank.  Upon  his  retirement  Mr.  J.  J.  P.  Odell  became 
president,  and  has  continued  in  that  position  up  to  the  present  date.  Mr. 
Odell  has  been  identified  with  the  banking  business  of  Chicago  since  1865, 
and  for  twenty-four  years  has  been  connected  with  the  Union  National,  hav- 
ing entered  its  service  in  1866,  as  bookkeeper,  and  in  the  interval  filled 
almost  every  intermediate  position  of  responsibility  in  the  bank.  In 
amount  of  deposits  the  place  of  the  Union  National  at  the  present  time  is  in 
the  second  group  averaging  $9,750,000.  Location  of  banking  house,  north- 
east corner  of  La  Salleand  Adams  streets,  Home  Insurance  building. 

BANKING  INSTITUTIONS— STATE  AND  PRIVATE. 

Adolph  Loeb  &  Bro.,  Bankers. — Established  over  thirty-three  years  ago, 
since  which  time  the  house  has  been  doing  an  extensive  mortgage  loan,  real 
estateand  general  banking  business.  The  house  was  founded  by  Adolph  Loeb, 
and  shortly  afterward  he  associated  with  himself  his  brother  "William.  Two 
years  ago  Julius  Loeb  and  Edward  G.  Pauling  were  admitted  into  the  firm. 
Loeb  &  Bro.  are  bankers  of  large  capital  and  the  very  highest  standing  in 
Chicago  commercial  circles. 

Avenue  Savings  Bank. — Location  Thirty-first  street  and  Michigan  avenue. 
This  institution  is  owned  by  George  L.  Magill,  its  president,  and  Louis  Krame, 
its  cashier.  It  pays  interest  to  savings  depositors. 

American  Trust  and  Savings  Bank. — Organized  under  the  laws  of  the 
State  of  Illinois,  1889;  capital,  $1,000,000;  surplus,  $150,000.  Present 
officers — G.  B.  Shaw,  president  Franklin  H.  Head,  vice-president;  J.  R. 
Chapman,  cashier;  W.  L.  Moyer,  assistant  cashier.  Directors:  William  J. 
Watson,  T.  W.  Harvey,  Adolph  Kraiis,  Franklin  H.  Head,  S.  A.  Maxwell, 
J.  H.  Pearson,  C.  T.  Trego,  Ferd  W.  Peck,  William  Deeriug,  G.  B.  Shaw, 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  151 

V.  A.  Watkins,  E.  L.  Lobdell,  C.  T.  Nash,  Joy  Morton,  George  E.  Wood, 
William  Kent,  S.  A.  Kent.  Location  of  banking  house,  Owings  building, 
Dearborn  and  Adams  streets. 

Bank  of  Commerce. — Incorporated  March  9,  1891,  aa  successor  to  the 
private  banking  house  of  Felsenthal,  Gross  &  Miller  ;  capital  stock  paid  up, 
$500,000.  Location,  108  La  Salle  street.  The  business 'of  the  private  bank 
had  increased  so  that  the  firm  feit  it  incumbent  on  them  to  join  the  clearing 
house,  and  consequently  increased  their  capital  to  the  required  amount, 
$500,000.  The  officers  of  the  State  Bank  of  Illinois  are  among  the  most  sub- 
stantial and  reputable  citizens  of  Chicago.  Herman  Felsenthal,  president; 
Jacob  Gross,  vice-president ;  Fred  Miller,  cashier.  Directors :  Adam  Miller, 
Jacob  Gross,  Herman  Felsenthal,  Adolph  Loeb,  S.  M.  Fischer,  Jacob  Birk, 
K.  G.  Schmidt.  L.  Loewenstein,  Samuel  Woolner,  Charles  F.  Miller,  Eli  B. 
Telsenthal,  Morris  Beifeld,  Jacob  Spielmann. 

Bank  of  Montreal. — William  Monroe,  manager;  E.  M.  Shadbolt,  assistant 
cashier. 

Cahn  and  Strauss,  Bunkers. — Do  a  general  commercial  business,  making 
specialties  of  government  bonds,  local  securities  and  foreign  exchange. 
Location  of  banking  house,  128  La  Salle  street. 

Central  Trust  and  Savings  .Ban*.— Present  location  Washington  st.  and 
Fifth  avenue.  Cost  Capital,  $200,000.  In  banking  department  receives 
deposits  subject  to  check.  In  savings  department  receives  deposits  of  $1.00 
and  upward,  4  percent  per  annum.  'Officers  :  William  A.  Paulten,  1st  vice- 
president  ;  F.  P.  Burgett,  2d  vice-president;  Charles  Sparre,  cashier. 
Directors  .  Wm.  A.  Paulsen,  late  of  Paulsen  &  Sparre,  Bankers ;  Chas. 
Sparre,  late  of  Paulsen  &  Sparre,  Bankers ;  E.  Jennings,  Pres.  of  E.  Jennings 
Co.  ;  Frank  A.  Smith,  Manufacturer  ;  W.  A.  Mason,  of  Jas.  H.  Walker  & 
Co.,  Dry  Goods;  W.  M.  R.  Vose,  Real  Estate  and  Loans  ;  Jas.  Frake,  Attor- 
ney ;  James  H.  Channon,  of  H.  Channon  Co.,  Ship  Chandlers  ;  Win.  Hill, 
Mortgage  Loans;  J.  W.  Byers.  Com.  Merchant,  Stock  Yards;  Gorham  B. 
Coffin,  of  Coffin  Devoe  &  Co.,  Paints.  [The  building  at  present  occupied  by 
this  bank  is  to  be  torn  down  Future  location  unknown  ^  this  writing.] 

diaries  Henrotin,  Banker  and  Broker. — One  of  the  founders  of  the  Chi- 
cago Stock  Exchange,  and  one  of  the  heaviest  brokers  in  local  and  outside 
stocks  in  Chicago.  A  promoter  of  some  of  the  largest  enterprises  of  the 
times.  Location  of  banking  house,  169  Dearborn  street. 

Chicago  Trust  and  Savings  Bank. — Under  the  supervision  of  the  State  of 
Illinois,  organized  May,  1885;  capital  paid  in,  $400,000  Present  officers — D. 
H.  Tolman,  president;  P.  E.  Jennison,  cashier.  Location  of  banking  house, 
northeast  corner  of  Washington  and  Clark  sts.  [N.  B. — This  banking  house 
has  been  the  subject  of  a  vast  amount  of  most  unfavorable  criticism.  Its 
president,  D.  H.  Tolman,  has  been  frequently  charged  with,  and  sued  in  the 
courts  for,  alleged  unfairness  in  business  and  sharp  practice  in  dealing  with 
his  clients.] 

Corn  Exchange  Sink.  —Organized  1872.  re-organized  1879;  capital, 
$1,000000;  surplus,  $1.000,000.  Present  officers— Charles  L.  Hutchinson, 
president;  Ernest  A.  Hamill,  vice-president;  Frank  W.  Smith,  cashier. 
Directors — Charles  L.  Hutchinson,  Byron  L.  Smith,  Charles  Counsolman, 
Sidney  A.  lOnt.  John  H.  Dwight,  Edwin  G.  Foreman,  Ernest  A.  Hamill, 
Charles  H.  VVacker,  B.  M.  Frees,  Charles  H.  Schwab.  Edward  B  Butler. 


152  GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 

The  Corn  Exchange  is  one  of  the  great  banking  houses  of  the  city,  and  for 
over  eighteen  years  has  ranked  among  the  leading  financial  institutions  of 
the  West.  Location  of  banking  house,  Rookery  building,  Adams  and  La 
Salle  streets. 

Dime  Savings  Bank. — Organized  under  State  supervision  ;  incorporated 
April,  1869.  Present  officers — Samuel  G.  Bailey,  president,  merchant ; 
W.  C.  D.  Grannis,  vice-president,  president  Atlas  National  bank  ;  Eugene 
Gary,  insurance,  Rialto  building ;  C.  B.  Farwell,  merchant  and  United 
States  Senator;  A.  R.  Barnes,  printer,  68  and  70  Wabash  avenue;  W.  M. 
Van  Nort wick,  paper  manufacturer,  Batavia,  111.;  L.  R.  Giddings,  mortgages, 
Chamber  of  Commerce  buildiag;  G.  P.  Swift,  packer,  Union  Stock  Yards; 
Wm.  Kelsey  Reed,  treasurer.  This  is  exclusively  a  savings  bank,  and  ranks 
high  among  Chicago's  financial  institutions.  Location  of  banking  house  and 
safety  vaults,  104-106  Washington  street. 

E.  S.  Dreyer  &  Co.,  Bankers. — Established  over  twenty  years  ago,  and 
one  of  the  leading  banking  houses  of  the  city.  The  firm  is  composed  of  E.  S. 
Dreyer  and  Robert  Berger.  A  specialty  is  made  of  mortgage  loans,  though 
the  house  does  a  general  banking  business.  Location,  northeast  corner  of 
Dearborn  and  Washington  sts. 

Farmers'  Trust  Company. — Present  officers — R.  Sayer,  president;  Josiah 
L.  Lombard,  vice-president  and  treasurer.  Capital  $100,000.  Location  of 
banking  house,  112  Dearborn  street. 

Foreman  Bros.,  Bankers. — Pounded  thirty  years  ago,  by  the  father  of  the 
present  proprietors  of  the  house,  Edwin  G.  Foreman  and  Oscar  G.  Foreman. 
A  banking  institution  that  has  maintained  a  high  standing  through  the  ad- 
verse as  well  as  prosperous  times  in  Chicago  history,  for  over  a  quarter  of  a 
century.  Foreman  Bros,  receive  deposits,  buy  and  sell  martgages  and  other 
investment  securities,  and  make  a  specialty  of  loanson  real  estate.  Location 
of  banking  house,  128  and  130  Washington  St.,  near  Chamber  of  Commerce, 
opposite  City  Hall. 

•  Globe  Savings  Bank. — Organized  1890  Capital  paid  in  $200,000.  Savings 
accounts  bear  interest  at  4  per  cent,  per  annum.  Four  interest  days  each 
year — January  1^:  April  1st,  July  1st,  October  1st.  Deposits  on  or  before 
the  4th  of  the  month  bear  interest  from  the  1st.  C.  W.  Spalding,  president; 
Edward  Hayes,  vic«-president;  J.  P.  Atgeld,  second  vice-president;  W.  S. 
Loomis,  assistant  cashier. 

(Greenebaum  Sons,  Binkers. — Founded  by  EHas  Greenebaum  thirty-seven 
years  ago.  The  present  firm  consists  of  Elias  Greenbaum,  H.  E.  Greenebaum, 
M.  E.  Greenebaum  and  James  E.  Greenebaum.  The  house  transacts  a  very 
large  banking  business  and  makes  a  specialty  of  loans  and  real  estate.  The 
bank  occupies  the  main  floor  of  116  and  118  Lasalle  street,  Mercantile  build- 
ing. Greenebaum  Sons'  bank  has  occupied  an  important  place  in  the  growth 
and  development  of  the  city.  Thousands  of  buildings,  from  the  neat  resi- 
dence to  the  business  block,  have  been  erected  primarily  by  funds  obtained 
through  this  firm.  Drafts  and  letters  of  credit  issued  on  all  European  cities. 

Guarantee  Company  of  North  America. — Head  office,  Montreal,  Canada. 
Chicago  directors — L.  J. Gage, vice-president,  First  National  Bank;  R.  R. Cable, 
president  C.,  R.  I.  &  P.  R.  R.;  the  Hon.  J.  Russell  Jones,  ex-president 
West  Side  Ry.;  C.  T.  Wheeler,  ex-president  Continental  National  Bank;  E. 
Nelson  Blake,  ex-president  Board  of  Trade.  Capital  and  resources,  $1,079  - 
574.  Office,  175  La  Sail*  street. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  153 

Hibernian  Banking  Association. — Organized  1867.  One  of  the  most  sub- 
stantial banking  houses  inthecity;  capital,  $222,000  ;  undivided  profits,  $293,- 
095.81.  Present  officers — J.  V.  Clarke,  president ;  Charles  F.  Clark,  vice- 
president  ;  Hamilton  B.  Dox,  cashier.  Directors— J.  V.  Clarke,  Hamilton  B. 
Dox,  James  R.  McKay,  Henry  B.  Clarke,  Thomas  Lonergan,  Charles  F. 
Clark,  J.  V.  Clarke,  Jr. ,  Louis  B.  Clark.  Location  of  banking  house,  Clark 
and  Lake  streets. 

Illinois  Trust  and  Savings  Bank. — Organized  under  the  laws  of  the  State 
of  Illinois,  August,  1887.  Capital  stock  paid  in,  $1,000,000;  surplus,  $1,000,- 
000;  additional  liabilities  of  its  stockholders,  $1,000,000;  total  amount  pledged 
for  the  security  of  depositors,  $3,000,000.  Present  officers — John  J.  Mitchell, 
president;  John  B.  Drake,  vice-president;  William  H.  Mitchell,  3d  vice-presi- 
dent; W.  H.  Reid,  3d  vice-president;  James  S.  Gibbs,  cashier;  B.  M.  Chattel, 
assistant  cashier.  Directors — L.  Z.  Leiter,  William  G.  Hibbard,  John  B. 
Drake,  John  J.  Mitchell,  John  McCaffery,  J.  C.  McMullin,  W.  H.  Reid, 
William  H.  Mitchell,  D.  B.  Shipman.  Among  the  stockholders  of  the  bank 
are  the  wealthiest  capitalists  and  merchants  of  Chicago,  including  L.Z.  Leiter, 
J.  Russell  Jones,  Marshall  Field,  Albert  Keep,  Philip  D.  Armour,  Robert 
Law,  J.  C.  McMullin.  Following  is  a  statement  of  the  bank's  resources  and 
liabilities:  Resources— Bonds  and  stocks,  $1,440,816.50;  real  estate,  $26,291.34; 
current  expenses  paid,  $25,314.61;  cash  and  exchange,  $2,856,178.05;  loans  on 
demand,  $8,155,679.21;  loans  on  time,  $1,943,152.25;  loans  on  real  estate, 
$1,817,193.32;  total,  $16,264,625.28.  Liabilities— Capital  stock,  $1,000,000; 
surplus  fund,  $788,916.20;  undivided  profits,  $275,737.58;  dividends  unpaid, 
$3,500;  time  deposits,  $7,699,740.73;  demand  deposits,  $6,496,730.77;  total, 
$16,264,625.28.  The  bank  has  savings,  commercial  safety  deposit  and  trust 
departments.  Location  of  banking  house,  Rookery  building,  southeast 
corner  of  La  Salle  and  Adams  streets. 

Industrial  Bank  of  Chicago. — Location,  Blue  Island  avenue  and  Twentieth 
streets.  A  savings  and  commercial  institution.  President,  A.  L.  Chetlain; 
first  vice-president,  Louis  Hutt;  second  vice  president,  B.  M.  Hair;  cashier, 
John  G.  Schaar;  assistant  cashier,  J.  E.  Henriques.  Directors  :  Louis  Hutt, 
A.  H.  Andrews,  W.  O.  Goodman,  B.  M.  Hair,  John  G.  Schaar,  A.  L.  Chet- 
lain, John  McLaren,  H.  D.  Cable  and  P.  G.  Dodge. 

The  idea  of  establishing  this  new  bank  originated  with  the  leading  manu- 
facturers and  lumbermen  in  that  district,  which  is  known  as  the  lumber  dis- 
trict, embracing  the  territory  south  of  the  Burlington  tracks  and  as  far  west 
as  the  Belt  Line.  It  is  the  most  important  industrial  district  in  Chicago, 
located  three  miles  southwest  from  the  business  center,  and  has  a  population 
of  50,000.  The  need  of  a  bank  there  has  long  been  felt  by  the  manufacturers 
and  business  men.  The  annual  output  of  the  district,  including  lumber  and 
the  product  of  the  various  important  manufacturing  interests  there  located, 
amounts  to  over  $30,000,000,  while  there  is  paid  in  wages  to  skilled  and 
unskilled  labor  between  $7,000,000  and  $9,000,000  a  year. 

The  new  bank  will  do  a  general  banking  business,  will  sell  foreign  and 
domestic  exchange,  steamship  tickets  of  all  classes  to  all  points  in  Europe, 
issue  letters  of  credit  and  accept  savings  accounts.  General  A.  L.  Chetlain, 
an  old  and  respected  citizen  of  Chicago,  is  the  president  of  the  new  institu- 
tion; Louis  Hutt,  the  well-known  lumberman,  is  the  firstvice-president;  B.  M. 
Hair,  of  Hair  &  Ridgway,  the  second  vice-president;  John  G.  Schaar,  the 
cashier,  and  J.  E.  Henriques,  the  assistant  cashier.  Besides  General  Chetlain, 


154  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

Messrs.  Hutt  and  Hair  and  Cashier  Schaar,  the  directors  are:  W.  O.  Good- 
man, of  the  Sawyer-Goodman  Co.;  A.  H.  Andrews,  of  A.  II.  Andrews  &  Co.; 
John  McLaren,  of  John  Mason,  Loomis  &  Co.;  H.  D.  Cable,  president  of  the 
Chicago  Cottage  Organ  Company,  and  P.  G.  Dodge,  of  P.  G.  Dodge  &  Co. 

The  high  character  of  the  men  who  have  the  management  of  the  new  bank 
is  a  sufficient  guarantee  that  its  affairs  will  be  administered  wisely,  and  that 
it  will  be  conducted  on  business  principles. 

The  elegant  fire-proof  building  now  being  built  for  this  bank  will  be  ready 
for  them  about  May  1st,  and  will  contain  one  of  the  finest  safety  vaults  in  the 
city. 

International  Bank. — Organized  October  21,  1868,  as  the  International 
Mutual  Trust  Company,  and  was  changed  to  its  present  name  in  1871.  The 
first  officers  were — Prances  A.  Hoffman,  president;  Julius  Busch,  vice-presi- 
dent; aucl  Rudolph  Schloesser,  cashier.  Present  officers — B.  Loewenthal, 
president;  Leo  Fox,  vice-president;  Bernhard  Neu,  cashier.  Mr.  Lowenthal, 
the  president,  became  connected  with  the  bank  in  1870.  Capital,  $500,000; 
surplus,  January  1, 1892,  $125,000.  Directors — John  Kranz,  Louis  Wamboldj, 
August  Bauer,  B.  New,  Ed.  Rose,  Michael  Brand,  B.  Lowenthal  and  Leo  Fox. 
Besides  doing  a  general  banking  business,  the  International  Bank  issues  cir- 
cular letters  of  credits,  and  draws  drafts  on'  all  parts  of  the  world.  The  stand- 
ing of  the  International  is  first-class.  Banking  house  located  at  110  La  Salle 
street. 

Meadowcroft  Bros. ,  Bankers. — Established  1860.  Located  at  the  northwest 
corner  of  Dearborn  and  Washington  streets.  This  banking  house  offers 
every  facility  for  individuals  or  merchants  who  contemplate  opening  an 
account  or  making  changes.  Aside  from  the  ordinary  conveniences  of  hav- 
ing banking  connections,  the  depositor  can  make  his  selection  from  different 
classes  of  deposit  contracts,  either  certificates  bearing  interest  or  special  de- 
posits with  interest.  Those  desiring  safe  investment  for  their  funds  can  be 
supplied  with  good  real  estate  securities,  or  have  orders  for  any  bonds  or 
stocks  executed.  The  bank  is  enabled  to  offer  the  advantages  of  European 
correspondents  both  in  buying  and  selling.  Location  of  banking  house, 
northwest  corner  of  Dearborn  and  Washington  sts. 

Merchant's  Loan  and  Trust  Company. — Organized  under  the  laws  of  the 
State  of  Illinois  in  1857.  Capital,  $2,000,000;  surplus,  $1,000,000;  undivided 
profits,  $613,430.  The  trustees  are—  Marshall  Field,  C.  H.  McCormick,  John 
DeKoven,  Albert  Keep,  John  Tyrrell,  Lambert  Tree,  J.  W.  Doane,  P.  L. 
Yoe,  George  M.  Pullman,  A.  H.  Burley,  E.  T.  Watkins,  Erskine  M.  Phelps, 
Orson  Smith.  Present  officers — J.  W.  Doaue,  president;  P.  L.  Yoe,  vice- 
president;  Orson  Smith,  second  vice-president;  F.  C.  Osborn,  cashier. 
This  is  the  oldest  and  one  of  the  greatest  banking  houses  in  Chicago. 
"  Long"  John  Wentworth  was  one  of  the  original  incorporators,  and  through- 
out the  latter  part  of  his  life  was  active  in  the  banks's  interest.  The  Mer- 
chants' Loan  and  Trust  Company  does  the  general  work  of  a  modern  Trust 
company  and  that  of  a  bank  of  discount  as  well. 

Milwaukee  Avenue  State  Bank. — Location  Milwaukee  Avenue  and  Car- 
penter street.  Take  Milwaukee  avenue  cable  line.  Capital,  $250,000. 
Successor  to  the  banking  house  of  Paul  O.  Stensland  &  Co.,  the  leading 
financial  institution  of  the  northwestern  section  of  the  city.  The  former 
bank  had  built  up  a  very  large  business  with  the  tradespeople  of  Milwaukee 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  155 

avenue  011  the  great  manufacturing  concerns  contiguous  to  that  important 
thoroughfare.  For  this  reason  it  became  necessary  to  increase  its  capital 
stock  and  facilities,  and  an  organization  under  the  State  banking  laws  WHS 
effected  on  September  15, 1891,  when  the  Milwaukee  Avenue  State  Bank  was 
incorporated.  The  officers  of  the  bank  are,  president,  Paul  O.  Stensland; 
vice-president,  Andrew  C.  Lausten;  cashier,  Charles  E.  Schlytern;  attorney, 
Donald  L.  Morill.  Directors— John  P.  Hanson,  F.  H.  Herhold,  William 
Johnson,  M.  A.  LaBuy,  A.  C.  Lausten,  John  McLaren,  Thomas  G.  Morris, 
John  Schermann,  John  Smulski,  Paul  O.  Stensland  and  Spren  D.  Thorson. 
The  stockholders  are  all  representative  business  and  professional  men. 
Among  the  more  prominent  are:  Franklin  S.  Anderson,  of  John  Anderson 
Publishing  Co. ;  John  P.  Hansen,  cigar  manufacturer;  F.  Herhold  &  Sons, 
chair  manufacturers;  A.  J.  Johnson  &  Sons,  furniture  manufacturers ;  William 
Johnson,  Vessel  owner;  Peter  Kiolbassa,  city  treasurer;  Andrew  C  Lausten, 
president  Northwestern  Lead  &  Oil  Co.;  Richard  Prendergast,  attorney; 
Morris  Rosenfeld,  capitalist;  Jesse  Spalding,  president  Spalding  Lumber 
Co.;  Paul  O.  Stensland,  Soren  D.  Thorson,  of  Central  Manufacturing  Co, 
and  John  R.  Walsh,  president  Chicago  National  Bank.  The  following 
figures  show  the  condition  of  the  business  of  the  bank  in  January  of  the 
present  year.  Assets;  loans  and  discounts,  $458,869.16;  furniture,  fixtures 
and  lease,  $10,201.50;  due  from  banks,  $83,250.29;  cash  on  hand,  $56,163.71; 
total,  $608,484.66.  Liabilities:  capital  stock,  $250,000;  undivided  profits, 
$5,237.03;  individual  deposits,  $216  393.08;  savings  deposits,  $136,853.95; 
total,  $353,24f  .63;  grand  total,  $608,484.66. 

This  bank  does  a  general  business  and  in  addition  has  a  savings  depart- 
ment. Teachers,  clerks,  artisans  and  wage-workers  generally,  will  fiud'this 
a  convenient  and  safe  place  for  their  savings.  Deposits  received  in  this 
department  in  amojints  of  one  dollar  and  upwards,  and  interest  allowed  at 
the  usual  rates.  This  bank  sells  exchange  and  money  orders  on  foreign 
countries  at  the  lowest  market  rates.  Drafts,  payable  on  demand,  drawn  on 
all  principal  cities  in  Europe,  and  remittances  made  to  any  address  without 
risk  to  the  purchaser.  Foreign  money  bought  and  sold.  Connected  with 
this  bank  are  the  Milvtaukee  avenue  Safe  Deposit  Vaults,  where  private 
boxes  for  the  safe  keeping  of  documents  and  other  valuables,  are  rented  at 
$5.00  per  year.  Entrance  through  the  bank.  The  high  standing  and  popu- 
larity of  the  president  of  the  bank  in  his  capacity  of  a  private  citizen,  brings 
to  the  institution,  of  which  he  is  the  head,  the  confidence  of  the  public.  Mr. 
Stensland'g  time  is  given  almost  wholly  to  the  conduct  of  this  institution,  and 
it  gives  promise  of  ranking  among  the  great  banking  houses  of  the  city  before 
very  long. 

Northern  Trust  Company. — Organized  under  the  jurisdiction  and  super- 
vision of  the  State  of  Illinois,  August,  1889.  Capital  fully  paid  in  $1,000,- 
000.  Present  officers — B.  L.  Smith,  president;.  Charles  L.  Hutchinson,  vice- 
presi'dent;  Arthur  Heurtle}',  cashier;  Frank  L.  Hawkey,  assistant  cashier. 
Directors— A.  C.  Bartlett,  J.  Harley  Bradley,  II.  N.  Higinbotham,  Marvin 
Hughitt,  Charles  L.  Hutchinson,  A.  O.  Slaughter,  Martin  A.  Ryerson, 
Albert  A.  Sprague,  B.  L.  Smith.  Location  of  banking  house,  Chamber  of 
Commerce  building,  southeast  corner  of  Washington  and  La  Salle  streets. 

Peabody,  Houghteling  &  Co.,  59  Dearborn  street,  Investment  Bankers. — 
Some  years  before  the  great  fire  of  1871  the  extensive  business  done  by  this 
firm  in  mortgage  loans  upon  real  estate  in  Cook  county  had  its  origin  Mr. 


156  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

Benjamin  E.  Gallup  was  associated  with  Mr.  Peabody  in  the  business,  under 
the  firm  name  of  Gallup  &  Peabody,  until  1875  or  1876.  The  firm  earned  a 
high  reputation  for  ability  and  conservatism,  and  enjoyed  the  confidence  of  a 
large  list  of  investors.  From  and  after  January,  1876,  Mr.  Gallup's  connec- 
tion with  the  business  having  terminated,  the  business  was  conducted  under 
the  firm  name  of  Francis  B.  Peabody  &  Co.  Mr.  James  L.  Houghteling 
became  a  partner  in  the  business  January  1,  1885,  and  since  the  name  of  the 
house  has  been  as  indicated  in  the  caption  of  this  sketch.  Their  business  has 
kept  pace  with  the  growth  of  the  city,  and  they  are  now  reputed  to  do  the 
leading  business  in  mortgage  loans  in  this  city. 

They  are  known  to  exercise  the  greatest  care  in  the  valuations  of  real 
estate  offered  for  loans,  in  the  examination  of  title  and  in  ascertaining  the 
character  and  responsibility  of  borrowers.  By  reason  of  their  long  expe- 
rience, fair  dealing,  promptness  and  available  capital,  they  are  enabled  in  all 
conditions  of  the  money  market  to  select  the  best  securities  and  to  deal  with 
the  most  responsible  class  of  borrowers.  They  have  contributed  very  largely 
in  making  loans  upon  Chicago  property  the  most  popular  and  desirable  of 
investments. 

Their  clientage,  already  very  extensive,  is  rapidly  growing,  and  embraces 
some  of  the  most  prominent  financial  and  educational  institutions,  both  in  the 
East  and  in  Chicago.  The  first  mortgages  (principal  and  interest  payable  in 
gold)  they  have  constantly  in  hand  are  bought  largely  for  the  investment  of 
trust  funds,  where  safety  and  a  fair  rate  of  interest  can  be  combined. 

Peterson  &  Bay,  Bankers. — Established  1873.  Andrew  Peterson  and  Geo. 
P.  Bay,  owners;  deal  in  investment  securities,  foreign  exchange,  mortgage 
loans,  make  collections  and  do  a  general  real  estate  business.  Location  of 
banking  house— Southwest  corner  La  Salleand  Randolph  sts. 

Prairie  State  Savings  and  Trust  Company. — Organized  February  22, 1861, 
with  a  capital  of  $100,000 ;  increased  to  $200,000  October  8,  1890  ;  present 
officers,  Charles  B.  Scoville,  president ;  George  Van  Zandt,  vice-president ; 
George  Woodland,  cashier.  Location  of  banking  house — 45  South  Des- 
plaines  st. 

Pullman  Loan  and  Savings  Bank. — Located  at  Pullman.  Chicago. 
Officers:  George  M.  Pullman,  president:  Edward  F.  Bryant,  secretary; 
directors,  Geoige  M.  Pullman,  Marshall  Field,  Stephen  F.  Gale,  John  W. 
Doane,  Geo.  F.  Brown,  C.  R.  Cummings,  John  De  Koven,  G.  Vandersyde 
and  James  Chase.  Statement  of  condition,  January  1,  1892:  Resources: 
Loans  and  discounts,  $509,982.69  ;  due  from  banks  and  depositories,  $192,- 
926  26;  real  estate,  furniture  and  fixtures,  $2.827.82;  cash,  $48,939.74.  Total 
resources,  $754,676.51.  Liabilities:  Capita],  $100,000;  surplus,  $50,000;  profit 
and  loss,  $7,449.16;  dividend  unpaid,  $3,000;  deposits,  commercial,  $174,- 
598.34;  deposits,  savings,  $419.629.01.  Total  liabilities,  $754,676.51. 

Slaughter,  A.  0.  &  Co. — Located  at  111-113  La  Salle  street  (Chamber  of 
Commerce  building);  A.  O.  Slaughter  and  William  V.  Baker,  proprietors. 
Mr.  Slaughter  has  been  in  business  here  for  over  twenty-five  years,  and  is 
considered  the  best  informed  authority  on  railroad  bonds  and  stocks  in  the 
city.  Mr.  Baker  is  of  the  old  firm  of  Baker  &  Parmele,  which  started  as 
bankers  and  brokers  in  1886.  Mr.  Parmele  died  in  May,  1890.  The  firm  of 
A.  O.  Slaughter  &  Co.  was  established  in  July,  1890.  This  house  ranks 
among  the  most  solid  and  reliable  institutions  of  Chicago.  Mr.  Slaughter's 
prominence  in  social  and  business  circles  is  indicative  of  the  high  estimation 


CHICAGO   AS  IT  IS.  157 

in  which  he  is  held  on  all  sides.  Mr.  Baker  takes  a  foremost  position  among 
the  skillful  bank  executives  of  the  city.  The  management  of  the  finances  of 
many  great  enterprises  and  of  many  great  estates  has  been  intrusted  to  this 
"firm  during  recent  years.  It  is  considered  one  of  the  most,  carefully  conducted 
private  banking  establishments  in  the  country. 

Scliaffner  &  Co.,  Bankers.  —  Established  January,  1878.  One  of  the 
largest  and  most  responsible  private  banking  houses  in  the  country.  Herman 
Schaffner  and  A.  G.  Becker,  proprietors  and  managers.  Makes  a  specialty  of 
handling  commercial  paper  and  dealing  with  manufacturing  and  business 
firms.  Annual  business  transacted,  about  $35,000,000.  Its  business  is  confined 
to  the  securities  and  paper  of  this  country,  but  it  has  extensive  foreign  deal- 
ings as  well.  The  firm  has  few  equals  in  the  amount  of  the  actual  moneyed 
transactions  made  in  any  of  the  Eastern  cities.  The  successful  handling  of 
the  immense  amount  of  paper  as  shown  by  a  single  year's  business,  is  as 
highly  gratifying  as  it  is  commendatory  of  the  financial  ability  and  acumen  of 
the  members  of  the  firm. 

Security,  Loan  and  Savings  Bank. —Organized  August,  1886.  Capital, 
$100,000.  Present  officers— E.  R.  Walker,  president;  D.  Rankin,  cashier. 
Location  of  banking  house,  127  La  Kalle  Street. 

State  Bank  of  Chicago. — Located  at  the  northeast  corner  of  La  Salle  and 
Lake  streets  (Marine  building).  Formerly  the  private  banking  house  of  Hau- 
gan  &  Lindgren,  established  originally  1879.  New  bank  established  February 
10,1891.  Cash  capital,  $500,000.  Officers:  H.  A.  Haugan,  president;  John  H. 
Dwight,  vice-president;  John  R.  Lindgren,  cashier.  Directors:  Thomas 
Murdoch,  A.  P.  Johnson,  H.  C.  Durand,  A.  Jurgens,  J.  M.  Larimer,  Charles 
L.  Hutchinson,  Theo.  Freeman,  John  H.  Dwight,  P.  8.  Peterson,  H.  A. 
Haugan,  John  R.  Lindgren.  The  last  report  of  the  bank  shows  the  following 
as  its  condition  Dec.  31,  1891:  Loans  and  discounts,  $1,543,957.69;  bonds. 
$12,992.47;  furniture  and  fixtures.  $5,800;  cash  and  due  from  banks,  $503,- 
589.01;  total  resources,  ($2,066,339.17;  liabilities— cash  capital,  $500,000; 
undivided  profits,  $50,868.37;  deposits,  $1,515,470.80;  total  liabilities.  $2,066,- 
339.17. 

Union  Trust  Company. — Organized  under  the  laws  of  the  State  of  Illinois, 
April  20, 1870.  Present  officers  — S.  W.  Rawson,  president;  E.  F.  Pulsifer, 
vice-president;  G.  M.  Wilson,  cashier;  F.  L.  Wilk,  assistant  cashier.  J.  H. 
Pearson  and  James  Longley ,  in  addition  to  the  above,  constitute  the  Directory. 
Capital  and  surplus,  $1,000,000.  Location  of  banking  house,  northeast 
corner  of  Madison  and  Dearborn  streets. 

Western  Trust  and  Savings  Bank. — Organized  under  the  name  of 
Western  Investment  Bank,  in  1884.  Reorganized  under  its  present  name, 
January,  1890.  Present  officers — William  Holgate,  president;  E.  Jennings, 
vice-president;  William  P.  Kimball,  second  vice-president.  Capital,  $100,- 
000.  Location  of  banking  house,  Washington  street  and  Fifth  ave. 

CEMETERIES. 

There  are  many  beautiful  burying  grounds  within  the  present  corporate 
limits  of  the  city,  and  in  the  immediate  suburbs.  There  are  no  old  grave- 
yards, or  church-yards,  such  as  may  be  seen  in  the  cities  and  towns  of  Europe, 
or  in  the  older  cities  of  this  continent,  within  the  business  district.  The 
only  remains  of  a  cemetery  to  be  seen  in  the  old  city  is  the  tomb  of  the  Couch 
family,  which  still  holds  its  place  in  Lincoln  Park,  a  great  portion  of  whiqh 


158  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

covers  the  site  of  an  old  graveyard.  [See  Lincoln  Park.]  There  are  no 
church-yards  in  existence  in  any  part  of  the  West.  The  different  ceme- 
teries, together  with  the  means  of  reaching  them,  are  pointed  out  below. 

Anshe  Maariv  Cemetery. — Located  at  North  Clark  st.  and  Belmont  ave. 
Take  Evanston  Division  of  Chicago,  Milwaukee  *fc  St.  Paul  railroad  or 
North  Clark  st.  cable  line. 

Austro- Hungarian  Cemetery. — Located  at  Waldheim,  10  miles  from  the 
City  Hall.  Take  train  at  Grand  Central  depot,  via  Chicago  and  Northern 
Pacific  railroad.  Train  leaves  at  12:01  p.  m.  daily,  including  Sundays,  run 
ning  direct  to  the  new  cemetery  station,  immediately  adjoining  Waldheim, 
Forest  Home  and  the  Jewish  Cemeteries.  [See  Waldheim  Cemetery.] 

Beth  Hamedrash  Cemetery. — Located  at  Oakwoods,  Sixty-seventh  st.  and 
Cottage  Grove  ave.  Take  Cottage  Grove  ave.  cable  line  or  Illinois  Central 
train,  foot  of  Randolph  or  Van  Buren  st.  [See  Oakwoods  Cemetery.] 

B'nai  Abraham  Cemetery. — Located  one-half  mile  south  of  Waldheim, 
nine  and  one-half  miles  from  the  City  Hall.  Take  train  at  Grand  Central 
depot,  via  Chicago  and  Northern  Pacific  railroad.  Trains  leave  at  12:01 
daily,  including  Sundays.  [See  Waldheim  Cemetery.] 

B'nai  Shilom  Cemetery. — Located  on  North  Clark  st.  and  Graceland  ave. 
Take  North  Clark  st.  cable  line,  or  Evanston  Division  of  Chicago,  Milwau- 
kee &  St.  Paul  railroad. 

Calvary  Cemetery. — Located  south  of  and  adjoining  the  village  of  South 
Evanston,  ten- miles  from  the  City  Hall.  Take  train  at  Wells  St.  depot,  via 
Chicago  &  North-Western  railway,  or  at  Union  depot,  via  Evanston  Division 
of  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  railroad.  This  is  the  largest  and  oldest 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  cemeteries.  It  is  situated  beautifully,,  fronting  Sheri- 
dan road  and  Lake  Michigan.  The  cemetery  is  laid  out  with  great  taste. 
There  are  many  costly  and  handsome  tombs  and  monuments  to  be  seen  here. 
Among  the  latter  is  one  erected  to  the  memory  of  Colonel  Mulligan,  the  hero 
of  Lexington.  The  tombs  of  the  leading  Roman  Catholic  families  of  Chicago 
are  located  here.  This  burying  ground  was  consecrated  in  1861.  The  inter- 
ments have  exceeded  25,000.  Trains  leave  on  both  lines  for  Calvary  at  brief 
intervals  daily,  including  Sundays. 

Cemetery  of  tJie  Congregation  of  the  North  Side. — Located  at  Waldheim, 
ten  miles  from  the  City  Hail.  Take  train  at  Grand  Central  depot,  via 
Chicago  &  Northern  Pacific  railroad.  Trains  leave  at  12:01  daily,  including 
Sundays. 

Chebra  Gemilath  Chasadim  Ubikar  Cholim  Cemetery. — Located  on  N. 
Clark  st.,  south  of  Graceland  Cemetery.  Take  train  on  Evanston  Division  of 
Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  railroad,  or  N.  Clark  street  cable  line.  [See 
Gracelanu  Cemetery.] 

Chebra  KadistM  Ubikar  Cholim  Cemetery. — Located  on  N.  Clark  st.,  south 
of  Graceland  Cemetery.  .Take  train  on  Evanston  Division  of  Chicago,  Mil- 
waukee &  St.  Paul  railroad,  or  N.  Clark  street  cable  line.  [See  Graoeland 
Cemetery.] 

Coneordia  Cemetery. — Located  about  nine  miles  west  of  the  City  Hall  on 
Madison  st. ,  beside  the  Desplaines  river.  [See  Forest  Home  Cemetery.] 

Forest  Home  Cemetery. — Located  about  nine  miles  west  of  the  City  Hall 
on  Madison  st.,  beside  the  Desplaines  river.  Coneordia  Cemetery  adjoins 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  159 

this  burying  ground.  Take  train  at  Grand  Central  depot,  via  Chicago  & 
Northern  Pacific  railroad.  Its  eighty  acres  comprise  a  portion  of  the  giound 
once  constituting  Haase's  park,  a  noted  resort  of  its  day.  This  cemetery  i« 
beautifully  situated  and  laid  out  with  great  taste.  The  interments  in  Forest 
Home  Cemetery  and  Concordia  Cemetery  combined  have  numbered  about 
15,000. 

Free  Sons  of  Israel  Cemetery. — Located  at  Waldheim,  ten  miles  from  the 
City  Hall.  Take  train  at  Grand  Central  depot,  via  Chicago  &  Northern 
Pacific  railroad.  [See  Waldheim  Cemetery.] 

German  Lutheran  Cemetery. — Located  on  N.  Clark  St.,  se.  cor.  of  Grace- 
land  ave.  Take  N.  Clark  street  cable  line.  This  cemetery  belongs  to  the  St. 
Paul  and  Emauuel  Luthern  Churches. 

Graceland  Cemetery. — Located  on  North  Clark  street,  five  miles  from  the 
City  Hall.  Take  train  at  Union  depot,  via  Evanston  Division  Chicago,  Mil- 
waukee «3TSt.  Paul  railroad  for  Buena  Park,  the  beautiful  station  of  which 
suburb  faces  the  main  entrance  of  the  cemetery,  or  take  the  North  Clark  street 
cable  line.  Better  still,  the  visitor  will  enjoy  a  magnificent  carriage*ride  by 
way  of  the  North  Side  Water  Works,  Lake  Shore  Drive,  Lincoln  Park, 
through  Lake  View  and  some  of  the  most  charming  of  the  Northern  suburbs, 
to  this  cemetery.  The  Graceland  Cemetery  Company  was  organized  under  a 
special  charter  in  1861.  William  B.  Ogden,  Edwin  H.  Sheldon,  Thomas  B. 
Bryan,  Sidney  Sawyer,  and  George  A.  Healy  being  the  first  incorporators. 
The  charter  confers  ample  powers  for  the  maintenance  and  preservation  of 
the  cemetery.  All  burial  lots  are  declared  exempt  from  taxation,  and  from 
execution  and  attachment;  no  street  or  thoroughfare  can  be  laid  out  through 
the  cemetery;  nor  can  any  part  of  the  grounds  be  condemned  for  right  of  way 
by  any  other  corporation  for  any  purpose  whatever.  Under  the  charter  ten 
per  cent,  of  the  gross  proceeds  of  all  sales  of  burial  lots  are  set  apart  as  a  sink- 
ing fund  for  the  perpetual  maintenance  of  the  cemetery  grounds.  This  fund 
is  held  and  managed  by  trustees  elected  by  the  lot  holders,  and  is  under  their 
sole  control.  These  trustees  are  also  authorized  to  take  any  grant  or  bequest 
in  trust,  and  to  apply  the  same  in  such  manner  as  the  donor  or  testator  may 
prescribe,  for  the  care  or  embellishment  of  anjr  particular  lots.  Save  for  the 
building  of  a  receiving  vault,  nothing  has  been  taken  from  the  general  sink- 
ing fund  during  thirty  years;  and  this  fund  at  the  past  rate  of  increase  will, 
within  a  few  years,  reach  $250,000;  which  sum  the  trustees  propose  to  retain 
as  a  permanent  capital,  whereof  the  income  shall  be  devoted  to  the  purposes 
of  their  trust.  The  trustees  of  this  fund  will  be  recognized  as  amoni>  Chi- 
cago's most  prominent  and  honored  citizens,  viz.:  William  Blair,  J.  W. 
McGenniss,  Daniel  Thompson,  E.  W.  Blatchford,  George  C.  Walker,  Hiram 
Wheeler,  Edwin  II.  Sheldon,  Jerome  Beecher,  A.  J.  Averill,  John  De 
Koven,  Henry  W.  King;  Hiram  Wheeler,  president:  Edwin  H.  Sheldon, vice- 
president;  Jerome  Beecher,  treasurer;  George  C.  Walker,  secretary.  The 
site  of  Graceland  is  admirably  adapted  for  a  burial  ground.  It  extends  for 
a  mile  along  an  elevated  and  handsome  ridge,  whose  natural  beauty  has 
been  enhanced  by  every  appliance  of  taste  and -art.  The  superintendent, 
O.  C.  Simonds,  is  an  accomplished  landscape  gardener  and  civil  engin- 
eer, and  under  his  direction  Graceland  will  bear  comparison  with  any 
cemetery  in  the  United  States.  Stone  coping,  hedges  and  side-paths  are 
dispensed  with.  The  entire  planting  is  done  under  the  direction  of  the 
superintendent,  and  each  section  resembles  a  beautiful  lawn  covered  with 


160  GUIDE   1O   CHICAGO. 

green  turf  and  dotted  with  shrubs  and  graceful  trees.  In  this  City  of  the 
Dead  the  voices  of  Nature  breathe  comfort  into  the  hearts  of  the  sorrowful, 
and  whisper  of  hope  and  consolation.  The  cemetery  has  become  a  gardea 
whose  beauty  renders  less  sombre  the  solemn  associations  of  the  tomb.  If  the 
mourner  sees  in  the  flowers  which  are  laid  upon  the  new-made  grave  an 
emblem  of  the  cherished  form  which  is  buried  from  his  sight,  he  also  sees  in 
the  blossoms  which  bloom  around  him  the  emblem  of  its  resurre«tion. 

Hebrew  Benevolent  Society  Cemetery. — Located  South  of  Graceland  Ceme- 
tery and  may  be  reached  in  a  similar  manner. 

Moses  Montefiore  Cemetery. — Located  at  Waldheim,  ten  miles  from  the 
City  Hall.  [See  Waldheim  Cemetery.] 

Mount  Greenwood  Cemetery. — Located  one-half  mile  west  of  Morgan 
Park,  a  suburb,  fourteen  miles  south  of  the  City  Hall.  Take  trains  at  the  Van 
Buren  Street  depot,  via  Chicago,  Rock  Island  &  Pacific  railway. 

Mount  Hope  Cemetery. — Projected;  to  be  located  at  Washington  Heights, 
south  of  the  city. 

Mount  Olive  Cemetery. — Located  at  Dunning,  nine  miles  west  of  the  City 
Hall.  Take  train  at  Union  depot,  via  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  rail- 
road. This  is  a  beautiful  cemetery  and  is  the  burying-place  of  Scandinavian 
families.  The  secretary  and  treasurer  is  Mr.  Paul  O.  Stensland. 

Mount  Olivet  Cemetery. — Located  one-half  mile  west  of  the  suburb  of 
Morgan  Park.  Take  train  at  Dearborn  station,  via  Chicago  &  Grand  Trunk 
railway. 

Oakwoods  Cemetery. — Located  on  Sixty-seventh  street  and  Cottage  Grove 
avenue.  Take  Illinois  Central  railroad,  foot  of  Randolph  or  Van  Buren 
street,  or  Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line.  This  cemetery  was  laid  out  in 
1864.  It  includes  200  acres  of  ground  beautifully  laid  out  on  the  "lawn 
plan."  A  charming  drive  to  the  cemetery  is  via  Michigan  and  Grand  boule- 
vards and  Washington  Park.  This,  Rosehill  and  Graceland  are  the  three 
prominent  native  Protestant  burying  grounds  of  the  city. 

Ohavey  Emunah  Cemetery. — Located  at  Waldheim,  ten  miles  from  the 
City  Hall.  Take  train  at  Grand  Central  depot,  via  Chicago  &  Northern  Pacific 
railroad.  Trains  leave  at  12:01  P.  M.  daily,  including  Sundays.  [See  Wald- 
heim Cemetery.] 

Ohavey  Scholom  Cemetery. — Located  at  Oakwoods,  Sixty-seventh  street 
and  Cottage  Grove  avenue.  Take  Cottage  Grove  Avenue  cable  line  or  Illi- 
nois Ceutraltraiu,  foot  of  Randolph  or  Van  Buren  street.  [See  Oakwoods 
Cemetery.] 

Rosehill  Cemetery. — Located  seven  miles  northeast  of  the  City  Hall. 
Take  train  at  Wells  Street  depot,  via  Milwaukee  Division  of  Chicago  & 
North- Western  railroad.  The  Rosehill  Cemetery  Company  was  chartered 
February  11,  1859.  This  burying  ground  covers  at  present  about  500  acres, 
but  extensions  can  be  made.  Two  hundred  additional  acres  have  already  been 
platted  and  improved.  It  is  the  most  beautiful  cemetery  in  the  vicinity  of 
Chicago  and  contains  many  handsome  and  costly  tombs  and  monuments,  the 
most  prominent  of  the  latter  being  the  soldiers'  monument  at  the  head  of  the 
main  avenue.  Large  numbers  of  those  who  were  once  the  leading  men  of  the 
city  are  interred  here,  and  the  inscriptions  on  the  tombs  are  interesting  to  the 
students  of  Chicago  history.  The  green-houses  and  conservatories  of  Rose- 
hill  are  very  handsome  and  extensive.  The  ground  slopes  down  to  the  rail- 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  161 

road  track  and  forms  a  beautiful  landscape.  li  is  thickly  wooded  with  flne 
trees,  and  a  large  lake  adds  greatly  to  its  beauty.  Thia  cemetery  may  be 
reached  easily  by  carriages,  via  Lake  Shore  drive,  Lincoln  Park,  Graceland 
and  some  of  the  most  cheering  of  the  northern  suburbs.  Among  the  things 
which  •will  at  once  strike  the  visitor  with  admiration  is  the  handsome  entrance 
arch. 

Sinai  Congregational  Cemetery.— Located,  at  Rosehill.  [See  Rosehill 
Cemetery.] 

St.  Boniface  Cemetery. — Located  on  N.  Clark  st.,  cor.  of  Lawrence  ave. 
Take  North  Clark  street  cable  line.  This  is  the  German  Roman  Catholic 
Cemetery. 

Waldheim  Cemetery. — Located  ten  miles  west  of  the  City  Hall.  Take 
train  at  Grand  Central  depot,  via  Chicago  &  Northern  Pacific  railroad. 
Funeral  train  leaves  at  12:01  p.  M.  daily,  including  Sundays,  running  direct 
to  the  new  cemetery  station,  immediately  adjoining  Waldheim,  Forest  Home 
and  the  Jewish  cemeteries.  Here  are  interred  the  anarchists  executed  for 
connection  with  the  Hay  market  bomb-throwing.  [See  Haymarket  Massacre.] 
A  number  of  burying-grounds  are  located  in  this  vicinity. 

Zion  Congregation,  Cemetery. — Located  at  Rosehill.  [See  Rosshill 
Cemetery.] 

CHARITIES. 

Charity  aboundeth  in  Chicago.  It  is  estimated  that  the  amount  volun- 
tarily subscribed  annually  for  charity,  and  in  support  of  charitable  institutions 
In  Chicago,  exceeds  $3,000,000.  Hospitals,  which  are  supported  either  by 
public  or  private  charity,  are  not  included  under  this  heading.  Neither  are 
reformatory  institutions.  The  following  are  the  leading  charitable  works 
and  institutions  of  the  city. 

Recognized  Charities. — Following  is  a  list  of  the  recognized  or  deserving 
charities  of  the  city,  which  includes  every  character  of  organized  work,  with 
addresses: 

ASYLUMS  AND  HOMES. — American  Educational  Aid  Society. — Finda 
homes  for  children.  Nursery  located  at  238  Sixty -sixth  st.  Older  children 
at  Aurora,  111.,  till  homes  are  found.  Office,  room  41,  232  La  Salle  st. 
Chicago  Industrial  School  for  Girls.  (Catholic.) — A  home  for  girls  from  4  to 
18  years  of  age.  Cor.  Indiana  ave.  and  49lh  st.  Chicago  Nursery  and  Half- 
Orphan  Asylum. — Pay  and  free.  175  Burling  st.  and  855  N.  Halsted  st. 
Chicago  Orphan  Asylum. — 2228  Michigan  ave.  Children's  Aid  Society. — 
Receives  suitable  homeless  and  destitute  children,  and  places  them  in  family 
homes.  Also  finds  homes  for  mothers  with  one  child.  Home  on  Indiana 
ave.,  near  31st  st.  Office,  room  44,  204  Dearborn  st.  Church  Home  for 
Aged  Persons.  (Episcopal.) — Ladies  only.  Terms,  $5.00  per  week,  or  life 
contract,  $300.  4327  Ellis  ave.  Cook  County  Insane  Asylum. — Telephone 
4334,  Dunning,  111.  Cook  County  Poor  House. — Telephone  4334,  Dunning, 
111.  Application  for  admission  should  be  made  at  the  office  of  the  County 
Agent,  128  S.  Clinton  st.  Danish  Lutheran  Orphan's  Home.— Free  (unless 
friends  are  able  to  pay).  69  Perry  ave.,  Maplewood.  Erring  Woman's 
Refuge. — For  the  reformation  of  fallen  women.  Free.  Telephone  10162, 
5024  Indiana  ave.  Foundling's  Home. — Free.  114  S.  Wood  st.  German 


162  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

Old  People's  Home. — both  sexes.  Admission,  $300.  Harlem,  Cook  Co. 
Gurdian  Angel  Orphan  Asylum.  (German  Catholic.) — Havelock  P.  O.,  Cook 
Co.  Holy  Family  Orphan  Asylum.  (Catholic.) — Cor.  Holt  and  Division  sts. 
Home  for  Crippled  Children.  — 91  Heine  st.  West  North  avenue  cars  to 
Heine  st.  Home  for  the  Aged.  (Catholic.) — (Little  Sisters  of  the  Poor.)  Both 
sexes.  Free.  29  and  31  E.  25th  st. ;  W.  Harrison,  cor.  Throop,  and  Sheffield 
ave.,  cor.  Fullerton  ave.  Home  fdr  Convalescents. — Convalescents  are 
boarded  out  in  families  at  the  rate  of  $5.00  per  week.  Address  Dr.  Dela-. 
field,  4333  Ellis  ave.  Home  for  the  Friendless. — Temporary  home  for  women 
and  children.  Homeless  and  abandoned  children  are  placed  in  permanent 
homes.  Telephone  8194.  1926  Wabash  ave.  The  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid 
Society  owns  certain  rights  in  this  institution.  Home  for  Incurables — Both 
sexes.  Pay  and  free.  Telephone  10074;  Ellis  ave.,  cor.  56th  st.  Home  for 
Self-supporting  Women. — All  the  inmates  are  required  to  pay.  Tele- 
phone 3710.  275  Indiana  st.  Home  for  Unemployed  Girls.  (Catholic.) — 
House  of  the  Good  Shepherd.  Market  st.,  cor.  of  Elm.  Home  of  Indus- 
stry. — Discharged  male  prisoners.  234  Honore  st.  House  of  the  Good 
Shepherd.  (Catholic.) — Reformatory  institution  for  young  girls.  N.  Market 
st.,  cor.  Hill.  House  of  Providence.  (Catholic.) — (Mercy  Hospital.)  For 
unemployed  girls.  Calumet  ave.,  cor.  26th  st.  Illinois  Industrial  School  for 
Girls. — Reformatory  institution  for  young  girls.  South  Evanston,  III.  Illi- 
nois Industrial  Training  School  for  603  s.  Free.  Glenwood  Paik,  111. 
Illinois  Misonic  Orphan's  Home. — 447  Carroll  ave.  IllinoisSoldiers'  Orphans' 
Home. — Government  institution.  Free.  Normal,  111.  Illinois  Women's 
Soldiers'  Home. — 1408  Wabash  ave.  Martha  Washington  Home. — For  ine- 
briate women.  Telephone  12181.  Graceland  ave.,  cor.  Western  ave.  News- 
boys' and  Bootblacks'  Home.  Pay  and  free.  1418  Wabash  ave.  Old 
People's  Home. — Ladies  only.  Admission,  $300  and  furniture  for  one  room. 
Indiana  ave.,  cor.  of  39th  st.  The  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society  owns 
twenty-five  rooms  in  this  institution,  for  which  application  maybe  made  at 
its  office,  51  and  53  La  Salle  st.  Servile  Sisters'  Industrial  Home  for  Girls. 
(Catholic.)— 1396  W.  VanBurenst.  Soldiers'  Home.— The  Home  is  abolished, 
but  the  money  is  distributed,  by  members  of  its  Board,  to  old  soldiers  or 
their  families,  at  the  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society,  51  and  53  La  Salle  st. 
St.  Joseph's  Asylum  for  Boys.  (Catholic.) — Crawford  ave.,  bet.  W,  Diversey 
and  W.  Belmont.  St.  Joseph's  Home  for  the  Friendless.  (Catholic.) — An 
industrial  school  and  home  for  girls,  and  school  for  the  deaf.  409  8.  May  st. 
St.  Joseph's  Orphan  Asylum.  Catholic.) — Both  sexes.  35th  st.,  cor.  Lake 
ave.  St.  Mary's  Training  School  for  Boys.  (Catholic.) —Free.  Feehanville, 
Cook  Co.,  111.  St.  Vincent's  Infant  Asylum  and  Maternity  Hospital.  (Cath- 
olic.)—191  La  Salle  ave.  Telephone  3282  Swedish  Home  of  Mercy. — Men 
and  Women.  Free.  Bowmanville,  111.  The  Bethany  Home  of  the  Swedish 
M.  E.  Church  for  Aged  Women. — Sheridan  road  and  Ilinn  ave.  Uhlich  Evan- 
gelical Lutheran  Orphan  Asylum.  (German.) — 221  Burling  st.,  cor.  Center. 
Waifs'  Mission. — Home  and  School  for  Boys.  Pay  and  free.  44  State  st. 
Washingtonian  Home.— Men  only.  Pay  and  free.  Telephone  7028.  566 
"W.  Madison  st.  Western  Seaman's  Friend  Society. — Sailors.  Pay  and  free. 
32  N.  Desplaines  st.  Working  Boys'  Home  and  Mission  of  our  Lady  of 
Mercy. — Pay  and  free.  361  W.  Jackson  st.  Young  Women's  Christian  Asso- 
ciation. Good  board  and  wholesome  surroundings  at  a  very  low  rate,  for 
skilled  workingwomen.  288  Michigan  ave.  Young  Women's  Christian 
Association. — Home  for  Transients.  Nominal  price  or  free.  362  W.  Jack- 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  163 

son  st.     An  agent  is  also  sent  to  meet  incoming  trains.     Employment  office 
and  dispensary,  240  W abash  ave. 

FREE  DISPENSARIES. — Armour  Mission  Dispensary,  Cor.  of  33d  st.  and 
Armour  av.  Bethesda  Mission  Dispensary,  406  Clark  st.  Chicago  Polyclinic 
Dispensary,  176  E.  Chicago  av.  Free  Dispensary  for  the  Poor.  Telephone 
8343,  2625  Dearborn  st.  Medical  Mission  Dispensary,  2242  Wentworth  av. 
W.  S.  W.  C.  T.  U.  Dispensary,  Hours  from  2  to  4  P.M.,  870  W.  Madison  st. 
In  addition  to  the  above,  dispensaries  will  be  found  in  connection  with  every 
Hospital  and  Medical  College. 

FREE  EMPLOYMENT  BUREAUS. — Children's  Aid  Society. — For  boys', 
Room  44,  204  Dearborn  st.  German  Society. — For  men,  49  La  Salle  st. 
Provident  Laundry  of  the  Home  for  Self-Supporting  Women. — Instructs  laun- 
dresses and  gives  employ!)  ent  to  needy  women.  Telephone  3710.  275  E. 
Indiana  st.  The  Helping  Hand. — For  men,  N.  E.  cor.  Washington  boul. 
and  Clinton  st.  Waifs' Mission. — For  boys,  44  State  st.  Wood  Yard  of  the 
Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society.— For  men.  Telephone  3415.  395  N.  Clark 
st.  Young  Men's  Christian  Association. — For  men  and  boys.  Telephone  359, 
148  Madison  st.  Young  Women's  Christian  Asso.  Employment  found  for  gover- 
nesses, book-keepers,  office  clerks,  seamstresses,  etc.,  room  61,  243Wabashav. 

DAT  NURSERIES  AND  CRECHES. — Bethesda  Mission  Creche,  406  S.  Clark 
st.  Hull  House  Creche,  221  Ewing  st.  Margaret  Etter  Creche,  2356  Wabash 
av.  Talcot  Day  Nursery  No.  1,  169  W.  Adams  st.  Talcott  Day  Nursery 
No  2,  581  Austin  av.  Unity  Church  Creche,  80  Elm  st. 

FREE  NURSES  AND  TRAINING  SCHOOLS  FOR  NURSES. — Bethesda  Deaconess 
Institution  (German) — Free  nurses  for  the  poor  may  be  obtained,  30  and  32 
Belden  pi.  Chicago  Deaconess'  Home. — Free  nurses  for  the  poor  may  be 
obtained,  221  E.  Ohiost.  Chicago  Training  School. — Free,  114  Dearborn  ave. 
Clara  Barton  Training  School  for  Nurses. — All  pay,  3411  Cottage  Grove  ave. 
Illinois-Training  School  for  Nurses. — In  connection  with  Cook  County  Hos- 
pital, telephone  7155,  304  Honore  St.,  near  W.  Harrison  st.  Michael  Reese 
Hospital  Training  School. — Twenty-ninth  st.,  cor.  of  Groveland  ave.  Nor- 
wegian Deaconess' Home. — Free  nurses  maybe  obtained,  190  Humboldt  st. 
Poor  Handmaids  of  Jesus  Christ  (Catholic). — Day  nurses,  pay  and  free,  212 
Hudson  ave.  and  52  Newberry  ave.  Provident  Hospit&l  Training  School 
(colored). — Dearborn  st.,  cor.  of  29tb.  Sisters  of  Mary  (Episcopal). — Visit 
among  the  sick,  215  Washington  blvd.  St.  Luke's  Hospital  Training  School. — 
1420  Wabash  ave.  Training  School  of  the  Hospital  for  Women  and  Chil- 
dren.— W.  Adams  st.,  cor.  of  Paulina.  Visiting  Nurse  Association. — Free 
nurses  may  be  obtained  for  poor  people;  North  Side,  telephone  3002,  North- 
west Side,  telephone  4518;  South  Side,  telephone  8166;  West  Side,  telephone 
7134;  office,  59  Dearborn  st.  Woman's  Hospital  Training  School. — 32d  st., 
nw.  cor.  Rhodes  ave. 

HOSPITALS. — Alexian  -Brothers  Hospital.  (Catholic).  Men  and  boys. 
All  diseases  except  contagious.  Pay  and  free.  Telephone  3467.  539  N. 
Market  st.  The-  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society  owns  eighteen  beds  in 
this  Hospital,  for  which  application  may  be  made  at  its  office,  51  and  53 
LaSalle  st.  Augustana  Hospital.  (Swedish).  Both  sexes  and  all  ages. 
All  diseases  except  contagious^  Pay  and  free.  Telephone  3022.  151 
Lincoln  ave.  Baptist  Hospital.  Pay  and  free.  541  N.  Halsted  st.  Bennett 
Hospital.  Both  sexes.  All  pay  patients.  Telephone  7091.  Ada  St.,  cor. 


164  GUIDE   TO   CHCAGO. 

Fulton.  Chicaga  Emergency  Hospital.  Both  sexes  and  all  ages.  All  dis- 
eases except  contagious.  Surgery  a  specialty.  Pay  and  free.  191  Superior 
st.  Chicago  Homoeopathic  Hospital.  Both  sexes  and  all  ages.  All  diseases 
except  contagious.  All  pay  patients.  Telephone  7291.  S.  Wood  st.,  cor.  York. 
Chicago  Hospital  for  Women  and  Children.  All  diseases  except  contagious. 
Pay  and  free.  Telephone  7071.  W.  Adams  st.,  cor.  Paulina.  The  Chicago 
Relief  and  Aid  Society  owns  twenty  five  beds  in  this  Hospital,  for  which 
application  may  be  made  at  its  office,  51  and  53  LaSalle  st.  Chicago  Charity 
Hospital.  Both  sexes  and  all  ages.  All  diseases  except  contagious.  All 
patients  free.  59  Plymouth  Place  (3d  ave).  Chicago  Eye  and  Ear  Infirmary. 
Free.  Tuesdays  and  Thursdays,  from  2  to  4  o'clock.  2813  Groveland  ave. 
Chicago  Maternity  Home.  (Lying  in  Hospital.)  All  pay  patients.  Tele- 
phone 3627.  1619  Diversey  st.  Chicago  Polyclinic  Hospital.  •  All  pay 
patients.  Telephone  3586.  176  E.  Chicago  ave.  Cook  County  Hospital. 
All  ages  and  both  sexes.  All  diseases.  Free.  Telephone  7133.  W.Harrison 
St.,  cor.  Wood.  German  Hospital.  Both  sexes  and  ullages.  All  diseases 
except  contagious.  Half  its  beds  free.  Telephone  3376.  754  Larrabee  st. 
Hahnemann  Hospital.  Both  sexes  and  all  ages.  All  diseases  except  conta- 
gious. Pay  and  free.  Telephone  8104.  2811  Groveland  ave.  The  Chicago 
Relief  and  Aid  Society  owns  fifteen  beds  in  this  Hospital,  for  which  applica- 
tion may  be  made  at  Its  office,  51  and  53  LaSalle  st.  Illinois  Chaiiiable  Eye 
and  Ear  Infirmary.  State  Institution.  Boarding  and  dispensary  patients. 
All  free.  Telephone  4048.  227  W.  Adams  st.  The  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid 
Society  owns  rooms  for  twenty  patients  in  this  Institution,  for  which  applica- 
tion may  be  made  at  its  office,  51  and  53  LaSalle  st.  Lake  Side  Hospital. 
Surgery  a  specialty.  All  pay  patients.  Telephone  10221.  Marine  Hospital. 
Sailors.  Government  Institution.  Special  provision  for  contagious  diseases. 
Free.  Telephone  12107.  N.  Halsted  st. ,  near  Graceland  ave.  Maurice  Porter 
Memorial  FreeHospitai  for  Children.  606  Fullerton  ave.  Mercy  Hospital. (Catho- 
olic.)  Both  sexes  and  all  ages.  All  diseases  except  contagious.  Pay  and  free. 
Telephone  8267.  Calumetave. ,  cor.  26th  st.  The  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid"Society 
ownsforty  beds  in  this  hospital,  for  which  application  may  be  made  atits  office, 
51  and  53  LaSalle  st.  Michael  Reese  Hospital.  (Jewish.)  All  ages  and  both 
sexes.  Pay  and  free.  Telephone  8212.  29th  st.,  cor.  Groveland  ave.  Na- 
tional Temperance  Hospital.  All  ages  and  both  sexes.  All  pay  patients. 
Telephone  8341.  3411  Cottage  Grove  ave.  Presbyterian  Hospital.  Both 
sexes.  All  diseases  except  contagious.  Pay  and  free.  A  convalescent  De- 
partment is  attached  to  this  Hospital.  Telephone  7189.  W.  Congress  st., 
cor.  S.  Wood.  Provident  Hospital.  (Colored.)  Pay  and  free.  S.  W.  cor. 
29th  and  Dearborn  sts.  St.  Joseph  Hospital.  (Catholic.)  Both  sexes  and  all 
ages.  All  diseaces  except  contagious.  Pay  and  free.  Telephone  3543.  360 
Garfield  ave. ,  cor.  Burling  st.  The  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society  owns 
thirty  beds  in  this  Hospital,  for  which  application  may  be  made  at  its  office, 
51  and  53  LaSalle  st.  St.  Luke's  Free  Hospital.  (Episcopal.)  Both  sexes 
and  all  ages.  All  diseases  except  contagious.  Pay  and  free.  Telephone 
8438.  1420  Indiana  ave.  The  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society  owns  twenty- 
eight  beds  in  this  Hospital,  for  which  application  may  be  made  at  its  office, 
51  and  53  LaSalle  st.)  St.  Elizabeth  Hospital.  (Catholic.)  Both  sexes  and 
all  ages.  All  diseases  except  contagious.  Pay  and  free.  Telephone  7329. 
Davis  st.,  cor.  Thompson.  West  North  Avenue  cars  to  Davis  st.  Wesley 
Hospital.  (Methodist.)  Both  sexes  and  all  ages.  All  diseases  except  conta- 
gious. Pay  and  free.  Telephone  2415.  355  Ohio  st.  Woman's  Hospital  of 


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THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  165 

Chicago.     Women  only.    Pay  and  free.      Telephone  8353.     32d  St.,  cor. 
Rhodes  ave. 

MISSIONS  AND  MISCELLANEOUS. — ANCHOKAGE  MISSION. — A  temporary 
home  for  friendless  girls,  including  fallen  women  and  discharged  female 
prisoners.  125  Plymouth  pi.  (Third  ave.)  ARMOUR  MISSION  INDUSTRIAL 
SCHOOL. — For  boys  and  girls.  (See  list  of  Creches  and  Kindergartens.)  Tele- 
phone 8390.  Cor.  33d  st.  and  Armour  ave.  BETHESDA  MISSION. — Cheap  lodg- 
ing house  for  men.  (See  also  list  of  Creches  and  Kindergartens.)  406  S.  Clark. 
BUREAU  OP  JUSTICE. — Legal  protection  against  injustice  for  those  who  are  una- 
ble to  protect  themselves.  154  Lake  st.  CHICAGO  EXCHANGE  FOR  WOMAN'S 
WORK — Work  of  indigent  women  sold  at  a  commission  of  10  per  cent.  Tele- 
phone 2912.  209  Wabash  ave.  CITIZEN'S  LEAGUE  OF  CHICAGO. — Prosecutes 
sellers  of  liquor  to  minors.  Telephone  1437.  Rooms  31  and  32, 116  La  Salle  st. 
G.  A.  R.  CENTRAL  RELIEF  COMMITTEE. — G.  A.  Soldiers,  453  S.  Canal  st. 
ILLINOIS  WOMAN'S  ALLIANCE. — First  Friday  of  every  month.  Parlor  O, 
Palmer  House.  IMMEDIATE  AID  MISSION  AND  INDUSTRIAL  DAY  SCHOOL. — 
2917  S.  Clark  st.  LAKE  GENEVA  FRESH  AIR  ASSOCIATION. — President,  E.  E. 
Ayer,  481  N.  Stalest.  LINCOLN  PARK  SANITARIUM. — Address  Miss  Harriet  M. 
Dewey,  Daily  News.  MINNETONKA  WORKING  WOMEN'S  HOME. — A  cheap  board- 
ing house  for  women,  21  S.  Peoria  st.  PROTECTIVE  AGENCY  FORWOMEN  AND 
CHILDREN — Protection  and  defence  of  the  rights  of  women  and  children 
against  wrongs  of  any  nature.  Telephone  1782.  828  Opera  House  Bldg. 
THE  MUTUAL  MEDICAL  AID  ASSOCIATION. — By  pa>ing  $10  per  year,  medical 
aid  will  be  furnished.  Telephone  2519.  Room  317,  Northern  Office  Bldg., 
sw.  cor.  La  Salle  and  Lake  sts.  THE  UNION  TRAINING  SCHOOL. — Industrial 
school  for  boys  and  girls.  Meets  every  Saturday  morning.  1086  W.  Lake 
st.  UNITY  CHURCH  INDUSTRIAL  SCHOOL  FOR  GIRLS. — (See  list  of  Creches 
and  Kindergartens.  80  Elm  st.  WESTERN  SOCIETY  FOR  THE  SUPPRESSION  OF 
VICE. — For  the  suppression  of  obscene  literature,  etc.  Address  H.  D.  Pen- 
field,  148  La  Salle  st. 

SOCIETIES. — CHICAGO  RELIEF  AND  AID  SOCIETY. — Non-sectarian.  Give 
temporary  aid  to  the  better  class  of  poor.  Also  owns  two  hundred  and  four 
teen  beds  in  private  hospitals,  twenty-five  rooms  in  the  Old  People's  Home, 
and  certain  rights  in  the  various  Orphan  Asylums,  Newsboys'  Home,  Eye 
and  Ear  Infirmary,  Home  for  the  Friendless,  Foundling's  Home,  etc.,  etc. 
Gives  temporary  employment  to  men  at  its  wood  yard,  through  which  per- 
manent work  is  often  found  for  them.  Telephone  773.  Office,  51  and  53 
La  Salle  st.  DANISH  RELIEF  SOCIETY. — President,  Fritz  Frantzen,  296  Mil- 
waukee ave.  GERMAN  SOCIETY  FOR  THE  PROTECTION  OF  IMMIGRANTS  AND 
THE  FRIENDLESS. — Gives  aid  in  cash  and  otherwise.  Also  finds  work  for 
immigrants.  49  La  Salle  st.  HYDE  PARK  RELIEF  SOCIETY. — President, 
Mrs.  George  Driggs.  5361  Cornell  ave.  ILLINOIS  HUMANE  SOCIETY. — For 
the  prosecution  of  persons  guilty  of  cruelty  to  persons  or  animals.  Telephone 
65,  room  43,  Auditorium  Bldg.  LUXEMBOURG  SOCIETY.  For  Luxembourg- 
ers  only.  49  La  Salle  st.  NORWEGIAN  SOCIETY. — Temporary  aid  to  Norwe- 
gians. First  and  third  Monday  in  every  month.  President,  John  Blegen. 
164  Randolph  st.  RUSSIAN  REFUGEE  CHARITY  ASSOCIATION.  —  General  relief 
to  Hebrew  Russian  Refugees.  567  S.  Halsttd  st.  SCANDINAVIAN  BETHANY 
AID  SOCIETY.  Second  Monday  of  each  month.  Secretary,  Adolf  Monsen,  244 
W.  Erie  st.  330  W.  Indiana  st.  ST.  ANDREWS'  SOCIETY. — Temporary  aid  to 
Scots.  First  Thursday  in  February.  May,  August,  and  November.  Secretary, 


166  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

James  Duncan,  Sherman  House.  ST.  GEORGE'S  BENEVOLENT  SOCIETY. — 
Temporary  aid  to  stranded  Euglishmen.  First  Monday  of  each  month,  at  St. 
George's  Hall,  182  Madison.  President,  Alexander  Cook;  secretary,  W.  C.  Hill. 
SVEA  SOCIETY. — For  Swedes  only.  First  aud  third  Thursdaysineach  month. 
Chicago  ave. ,  ne.  cor.  Larrabee  st.  Swiss  BENEVOLENT  SOCIETY. — For  Swiss 
only.  Second  Monday  of  each  month,  at  8  P.  M.  Uhlich's  Hall,  Clark  St., 
sw.  cor.  Kinzie.  ST.  VINCENT  DE  PAUL  SOCIETY. — A  branch  of  this  Society 
is  found  in  nearly  every  Catholic  church,  for  the  relief  of  its  poor.  THK 
HELPING  HAND. — Lodging  House  for  men.  They  pay  by  sweeping  street*,  or 
doing  other  work;  ne.  cor.  Washington  blvd.  and  Clinton  st.  UNITED 
HEBREW  RELIEF  ASSOCIATION. — Aid  given  in  cash,  and  permits  to  the  Jew- 
ish Hospital  and  Jewish  Orphan  Asylum.  Room  50, 181  La  Salle  st.  VISITA- 
TION AND  AID  SOCIETY.— (Catholic.)  Visit  and  investigate  among  the  poor. 
The  aid  given  is  mostly  spiritual.  Room  5,  124  Dearborn  st. 

American  Educational  and  Aid  Association. — V.  B.  Van  Arsdale,  super- 
intendent, explains  the  character  and  scope  of  the  organization  as  follows  : 
"  We  have  1,000  local  advisory  boards  composed  of  representative  citizens  in 
as  many  towns  and  communities,  whom  we  have  made  known  to  their  coun- 
ties and  committees  through  the  local  notices  by  the  press,  and  through 
notices  read  from  the  pulpits,  as  well  as  by  our  printed  matter.  A  homeless 
and  needful  child,  as  soon  as  it  is  known,  is  reported  lo  some  of  this  local 
board,  which  reports  the  same  to  me  as  general  superintendent.  In  the  city 
of  Chicago  we  have  local  boards  in  the  various  churches,  as  the  result  of  res- 
olutions passed  in  their  ministerial  associations.  Besides  these  local  advisory 
boards  we  have  the  co-operation  of  the  members  and  friends  of  our  associa- 
tion and  the  various  institutions  where  homeless  children  are  sent.  We  send 
these  children  who  come  to  oui;  care  to  the  temporary  Homes  at  Englewood 
and  Aurora.  Our  work  is  sustained  by  voluntary  contributions.  The  total 
expense  of  every  kind  for  the  rescue  of  these  children  and  placing  them  in 
families,  where  a  large  per  cent,  of  them  become  worthy  citizens,  is  less  than 
$50  per  child." 

The  American  Educational  Aid  Association  has  become  familiarly  known 
as  the  Children's  Home  Society  of  Chicago,  and  the  following  lines  have 
been  adopted  as  its  popular  symbol  and  motto  : 

Give  thy  mite,  give  golden  treasure, 

Freely  as  to  child  thine  own  ; 
Give  thy  heart  in  loving'  measure: 
HPI~  o  ~hiui  ^o  find  a  home. 

The  following  names  appear  in  the  list  of  patronesses  :  Mrs.  John  Wood- 
bridge,  Mrs.  P.  E.  Studebaker,  Mrs.  H.  N.  May,  Mrs.  N.  R.  Cliittenden,  Mrs. 
Francis  Lackner,  Mrs.  Benton  J.  Hall,  Mrs.  William  Dunn,  Mrs.  J.  D.  Gillett, 
Rev.  Florence  E.  Kollock,  Mrs.  Richard  J.  Oglesby,  Mrs.  John  M.  Palmer, 
Mrs.  E.  F.  Lawrence,  Mrs.  A.  P.  Miller,  Mrs.  G.  AV.  Mathews,  Mrs.  A.  C. 
Mather,  Mrs.  Solomon  Thatcher,  Jr. ;  Mrs.  M\*ra  Bradwell. 

Following  are  the  officers:  John  Woodbridge,  president;  Thomas  Gait, 
recording  secretary;  Edward  F.  Lawrence,  treasurer.  Directors:  R.  D.  Scott, 
F.  J.  Walton,  N.  H.  Axtel,  J.  W.  Conly,  E.  C.  Moderwell,  J.  W.  Allen, 
Henry  Augustine,  F.  M.  Gregg,  William  T.  Baker,  Ferd  W.  Peck.  E.  F. 
Lawrence,  E.  B.  Butler,  Francis  Lackner,  S.  A.  Maxwell,  William  H.  Litch- 
field,  W.  L.  Tamblyn,  A.  H.  Wheeler,  Judge  M.  F.Tuley,  Joseph  Badenoch, 
J.  C.  Armstrong,  A.  K.  Perry,  E.  P.  Savage,  George  K.  Hoover,  Fred  H. 


THE   ENOYCLOPLDIA.  167 

Wines,  D.  F.  Carnahan,  Judge  J.  P.  Altgeld,  M.  W.  Haynes,  F.  B.  Tobey, 
J.  8.  Jenckes,  R.  W.  McClaughry,  Mrs.  J.  M.  Flower,  Dr.  Winnie  M. 
Cowan,  Dr.  C.  Northop. 

This  society  has  placed  1,800  children  in  good  homes  during*  the  last 
nine  years.  One  child,  on  an  average,  is  now  placed  every  day.  Location  of 
office,  230  LaSalle  st. 

Armour  Mission. — Located  at  Butterfleld  and  Thirty-third  streets,  take 
State  street  cable  line.  Directors — Philip  D.  Armour,  J.  O.  Armour,  William 
J.  Campbell,  John  C.  Black,  P.  D.  Armour,  Jr.,  Edwin  Barritt  Smith;  Rev. 
Howard  H.  Russell,  pastor;  established  in  November,  1886.  This  magnificent 
charity  owes  its  origin  to  a  provision  in  the  will  of  the  late  Joseph  F.  Armour, 
bequeathing  f  100, 000  for  the  founding  of  such  an  institution.  He  directed 
that  the  carrying  out  of  his  benevolent  design  should  be  chiefly  intrusted  to  his 
brother,  Mr.  Philip  D.  Armour,  who,  accepting  the  trust  so  imposed,  has  given 
to  it  the  same  energetic  and  critical  attention  that  he  has  given  to  his  private 
affairs.  He  has  greatly  enlarged  upon  the  original  design  and  in  consequence 
has  added  enough  from  his  own  resources  to  his  brother's  bequest  of  $100,000 
to  make  the  present  investment  about  $1,000,000.  Armour  Mission  is  incor- 
porated under  the  laws  of  Illinois.  In  addition  to  the  Mission  building 
proper,  the  Armour  Mission  corporation  owns  the  Armour  Mission  Flats,  con- 
sisting of  194  separate  flats.  The  entire  revenue  derived  from  the  rental  of 
these  flats  is  used  for  the  maintenance  of  the  Mission  and  its  departments.  The 
corporation  also  owns  adjoining  ground  upon  which  Mr.  Armour  has  recently 
erected  a  manual  training  school,  not  yet  ready  foroccupancy.  The  Missionis 
abroad  and  wholly  non  sectarian  institution.  It  is  free  and  open  toall,tothe 
full  extent  of  its  capacity,  without  any  condition  as  to  race,  creed  or  other- 
wise. Mr.  Armour  believes  that  children  develop  into  manhood  and  woman- 
hood according  to  their  early  training  and  surroundings,  and  that  much  can 
be  done  for  the  advancement  of  mankind  by  lending  a  helping  hand  to  chil- 
dren and  youth.  His  deep  interest  in  the  welfare  of  the  young  has  found 
expression  in  the  Mission  and  no  money  he  has  ever  expended  has  yielded 
him  more  genuine  satisfaction  and  pleasure  than  the  large  sum  he  has  here 
invested  and  set  apart  to  be  forever  used  for  the  moral,  intellectual  and  phys- 
ical advancement  of  the  young.  The  Mission  building  proper  is  located  at 
the  corner  of  Armour  avenue  and  Thirty-third  street  and  is  constructed  in  the 
most  solid  and  substantial  manner,  the  material  used  being  pressed  brick  and 
brown  stone.  The  woodwork  throughout  is  of  polished  oak  and  the  furnish- 
ings are  complete  and  in  entire  harmony  with  the  solid  character  of  the  build- 
ing. The  first  floor  consists  of  a  large  room  fitted  up  to  receive  the  Creche  or 
clay  nursery,  the  kitchen,  day  room,  kindergarten  room,  reading  room,  vault, 
closets,  bath  rooms,  coal  and  furnace  cellar,  and  the  four  dispensary  rooms. 
The  second  floor  consists  of  the  main  audience  room,  eight  class  rooms, 
adjoining  pastor's  study,  officers'  room,  library,  spacious  halls,  and, two  large 
hide  rooms  to  be  used  for  Sunday-school  purposes  or  for  small  meetings.  The 
third  floor  contains  a  very  large  and  handsomely-fitted-up  lecture  room.  The 
main  audience  room  will  accommodate  about  1,300  persons.  The  building 
when  taxed  to  its  full  capacity  will  accommodate  a  Sunday-school  of  about 
2,500  persons.  The  audience  room  is  provided  with  a  large  pipe- 
organ.  With  its  colored  glass  windows,  its  tasteful  frescoing  and 
symmetrical  form,  it  is  one  of  the  most  beautiful  rooms  of  its  class.  The 
seats  bring  the  audience  near  to  the  speaker  and  the  acoustic  properties  are  of 


168  GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 

the  best.  One  of  the  best  features  of  this  room  is  the  arrangement  by  which  It 
can  be  made  into  a  small  or  large  room,  as  maybe  required.  The  kindergar- 
ten and  the  free  medical  dispensary  departments  are  worthy  of  the  special 
attention  o^  the  Visitor .  The  kindergarten  will  accommodate  about  170  little 
pupils  comfortably  and  is  open  to  children  under  the  age  of  seven  years. 
Upon  the  completion  of  Ihe  training  school  the  kindergarten  will  be 
removed  to  that  building.  It  has  the  care  of  200  pupils.  Visitors  are 
greatly  pleased  with  its  work  and  with  the  bright  faces  and  cleanly  appear- 
ance of  the  little  ones.  The  free  dispensary  of  the  mission  is  in  charge  of 
Dr.  Swartz,  a  skillful  physician  and  surgeon,  who  is  provided  with  all  neces- 
sary assistants.  Treatment  and  advice  are  given  and  prescriptions  filled 
without  charge ;  but  it  is  intended  that  none  shall  receive  either  unless  unable 
to  pay  for  them.  An  average  of  about  forty  patients  a  day  are  treated  at  the 
dispensary  and  a  much  larger  number  provided  with  drugs  and  medicines 
entirely  free  of  charge.  The  Sunday-school  has  always  been  of  special 
interest  to  the  many  who  visit  the  mission.  The  school  numbers  about 
2,200  enrolled  members.  The  average  attendance  for  last  year  was  about 
1,600.  In  1«90  it  was  1,400.  In  1889  the  average  was  1,252.  There  are  now 
thirty  officers  and  113  teachers.  The  Armour  Mission  flats  (194  in-number) 
are  located  at  the  intersection  of  Thirty-third,  Thirty-fourth  and  Dearborn 
Btfeeta  and  Armour  avenue,  occupying  both  sides  of  Armour  avenue  and  the 
west  side  of  Dearborn  street  entirely,  between  Thirty-third  and  Thirty-fourth 
streets,  and  the  north  side  of  Thirty-fourth  and  a  portion  of  the  south  side  of 
Thirty-third,  between  Dearborn  street  and  Armour  avenue.  It  is  a  most 
desirable  location,  being  convenient  to  down-town  and  cross-town  street  car 
lines  and  to  regular  railroad  suburban  passenger  service.  The  buildings  are 
models  of  modern  architectural  skill,  both  in  exterior  appearance  and  in 
interior  arrangement  and  finish.  The  flats  rent  from  $17.50  to  $35  per  month 
each,  which  includes  water  rent,  day  janitor  service,  night  watchman  ser- 
vice, hall  lights  and  the  care  of  halls  and  grounds. 

Following  are  the  usual  weekly  "  announcements:  "  SUNDAY — Morning 
worship  for  children  and  families,  11  A.  M.  Evening,  Gospel  meeting  at  tt 
o'clock.  Sunday  school  at  3  P.  M.  Young  people's  meeting  at  7  P.  M.  MON- 
DAY— Temperance  meeting  at  8  P.  M.  on  the  first  Monday  of  each  month. 
WEDNESDAY — Children's  Choral  Class  from  4  to  4:30  p.  M.  FRIDAY — Service 
•  for  Praise  and  Bible  Study,  at  8  P.  M.  SATURDAY — Industrial  School:  Boys, 
10  to  12  A.  M.  ;  Girls,  2  to  4  P.  M.  The  Armour  Mission  Boys'  Batallion  is  an 
organization  of  four  companies  of  boys,  numbering  175,  for  military  drill  and 
personal  improvement.  The  boys  are  pledged  against  the  use  of  tobacco, 
intoxicating  liquor  and  vulgar  and  profane  language.  This  line  of  work  for 
the  boyslis  a  great  success.  The  drills  of  the  Batallion  are  conducted  by  Col. 
W.  C.  Johnson,  on  Monday,  Tuesday,  Thursday  and  Friday  evenings  of  each 
week,  at  7:45.  NOTES. — The  Kindergarten  is  open  from  9  A.  M.  to  12  M.  on 
every  week  day  except  Saturday.  One  hundred  boys  and  girls  from  four  to 
seven  years  of  age  are  accommodated.  The  Dispensary  is  open  daily  except 
Sunday,  from  9  A.  M.  to  11  A.  M.  It  is  free  to  all  who  are  unable  to  pay  for 
medicine  or  medical  attendance,  or  both.  The  Visitor  is  published  monthly, 
for  gratuitous  distribution  in  the  Sunday-school. 

Bureau  of  Justice. — An  organization,  first,  to  assist  in  securing  legal 
protection  against  injustice  for  those  who  are  unable  to  protect  themselves. 
Second,  to  take  cognizance  of  the  workings  of  existing  laws  and  methods  of 
procedure,  and  to  suggest  improvements,  Third,  to  propose  new  and  better 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  169 

laws,  and  to  make  efforts  toward  securing  their  enactment.     Office  rooms, 
6  and  7  Marine  building,  154  Lake  street.    Officers:  Chas.  H.  Ham,  president; 
J.  C.  Stirling,  vice-president  and  treasurer;  Edw.  C.  Wentworth,  secretary. 
Board  of  directors,  Chas.  ,H.  Ham,  J.  C.  Stirling,  Edw.  C.  Wentworth,  W. 
H.  Winslow,  H.  B.  Cragin,  Chas.  E.  Kremer,  C.  li.  Corbin,  Chas.  E.   Rand, 
A.  L.    Singer.  Wm.  M.  Sailer,  Wm.  R.   Manierre  and  Joseph  W.  Errant. 
Board  of  counselors,  Lyman  J.  Gage,  Henry  D.  Lloyd,  Chas.  L.  Hutchinson, 
C.  C.  Bonney,  E.  Of.  Keith,  V.  F.  Lawson,  Herman  Raster,  E.  T.  Jeffrey, 
Dr.  E.  G.  Hirsch,  Martin  J.  Russell,  Louis  Nettlehorst,  S.  D.  Kimbark,  John 
J.  P.   Odell,  Franklin  H.  Head,  Berthold  Loewenthal,  O.  B.  Green,  A.  C. 
Bartlett,  Gen.  M.  M.  Trumbull,  Wilbur  S.  Henderson,  Rev.  J.  L.  Withrow, 
George    Schneider,    Jos.    Beifciu    and    Franklin    MacVeagh.       Executive 
committee:  Chas.  H.  Ham,  Edw.  C.  Wentworth,  Chas.  E.  Kremer,  H.  B. 
Cragin,   J.    C.    Stirling.     Agent  and  attorney,   Joseph    W.  Errant.     A.  P. 
Williams,  as-sistant  attorney.     The  last  reports  of  the  attorney  and  agent 
shows  that  there  were  3,783  matters  attended  to  during  1890-91,  as  against 
2,497  for  1889-90  and  1,1(54  during  1888-89,  which  is  indicative  of  the  growth 
from  year  to  year  in  the  work  of  the  bureau.     The  matters  attended  to  afford 
an  interesting  illustratiog  of  the  work  peformed.     In  detail  there  are  as 
follows:    Chattel  mortgage  matters,  186;  wrongful  taking  and  detention  of 
personal  property,  104;  different  questions  arising  out  of  relation  of  landlord 
and  tenant,   180;   cases  in  which  exemptions  were  threatened,  49;  cases 
involving  prosecution  for  cruel  treatment  or  assault,  22;  investigation  and 
prosecution  of  -crime,  23;  investigation  and  prosecution  of  fraud  and  impo- 
sition, 53;  persecutions  by  wrongful  suits  and  by  other  means,  22;  support  of 
parents,  10;  support  of  children,  33;  cases  of  support  for  wives,  and  different 
complaints  of  wives  as  to  husbands,  222;  cases  involving  prosecution  for 
violation  of  local  ordinances,  9;  wrongs  to  women  and  girls,  22;  different 
questions  arising  out  of  relation  of  employer  and  employe,  755;  questions  in 
relation  to  real  property,  44;  wages  claims  under  lien  law,  47;  other  wages 
claims,  717;  miscellaneous  matters  requiring  active  woik  of  every  variety, 
167;  miscellaneous  matters  calling  for  advice  of  every  kind,  1,118.     Total, 
3,783.     The  claims  for  wages  during  the  year  amounted  to  $7,778.75.     Other 
money  claims,  $2,879.70,  making  a  total  of  $10,658.45.     During  the  three 
years  of  its  existence  the  bureau  has  collected  $20,000  in  wages,  besides 
thousands  in  other  claims.     This  money  has  been  placed  in  the  bauds  of  those 
who  had  earned  it.     During  the  last  year  the  number  of  suits  prosecuted  was 
357;  the  number  of  suits  defended,  18.     Three  hundred  and  forty-two  of 
these  suits  were  successfully  prosecuted  or  defended.     The  bureau  takes  an 
active  interest  in  the  prevention  of  injustice  to  the  poor  and  friendless  in  the 
matter  of  chattel  mortgage!,  from  sales,  assaults  on  the  person  and  other 
crimes,  and  does  a  large  amount  of  good  work  in  the  bringing  about  of  neces- 
sary reforms  in  the  law.     The  report  of  the  treasurer  for  the  last  year  shows 
the  receipts  to  have  been  $5,337.78  and  the  expenditures  $5,371.39.     The 
bureau  is  supported  by  private  contributions.     The  association  is  composed  of 
many  of  the  leading  citizens  of  Chicago. 

Chicago  Daily  JNewi  Fresh  Air  Fund. — One  of  the  most  beautiful  and 
most  popular  charities  of  this  city  is  that  carried  on  every  summer  undtr  the 
auspices  of  the  Chicago  Daily  News  Fund.  A  summary  of  the  work  done  in 
1891  will  suffice  as  a  fair  example  of  the  administration  of  its  affairs  duiing 
xhe  years  of  its  existence.  There  was  contributed  during  the  season  of  that 


170  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

year  by  the  public  and  founders  of  the  charity  an  aggregate  of  $8,662.43.  Of 
tuisam-mntthe  sum  of  $1,333.85  was  expended  at  the  Lincoln  Park  Sanitarium 
in  the  care  of  the  26.660  infants,  children  and  adults  during  the  months  of  July, 
August  and  September.  The  per  diem  expanse  defrayed  fromthese  contribu- 
tions was  about  5  cents  for  each  individual.  On  account  of  the  Country  Week 
there  was  expended  from  the  same  contributions  a  total  of  $2,849.20,  for  which 
sum  ample  provision  was  made  for  railroad  transportation  and  all  other  inci- 
dental and  necessary  expenses  of  a  fortnight  in  the  country  for  3,352  children 
and  mothers  were  defrayed.  The  average  duration  of  visit  from  each  individual 
was  a  fraction  over  fourteen  days,  and  the  average  cost  was  about  $1.00  for  each 
Country-Week  euest.  In  every  instance  the  visitors  were  greatly  benefited. 
As  theretofore  the  expenses  of  executive  management,  printing,  stationery, 
postage  and  sundries— the  total  amounting  to  $1.837.34— was  defrayed  by  the 
Chicago  Daily  News,  thus  leaving  the  gross  receipts  by  subscription  or  contri- 
bution" to  go  direct  for  the  actual  expenses  of  the  beneficiaries.  The  most  im- 
portant feature  of  the  Fresh  Air  Fund  of  1889  was  the  establishment 
of  a  permanent  sanitarium  for  infanta  and  children  at  Lincoln  Park. 
[Take  North  Clark  street  cable  line  to  central  entrance  of  Lincoln  Park, 
and  walk  eastwardly  to  the  lake.]  The  building  is  of  the  most  substantial 
character,  but  without  any  attempt  at  elaboration  or  ornament.  Its  archi 
tectural  effect  is  secured  by- simplicity  an<j  the  manifest  adaptation  of  every 
feature  to  its  intended  use.  The  whole  saueture  is  directly  over  the  water, 
being  erected  on  a  great  platform,  ninety  feet  wide,  projecting  into  the  lake 
over  two  hundred  feet,  and  supported  by  substantial  piles.  *  The  broad  roof 
with  overhanging  eaves  covers  a  floor  space  of  nearly  eighteen  thousand 
feet,  over  which  swing  hundreds  of  infants'  hammocks.  The  wide  verandas 
and  the  open-air  court  at  the  lake  extremity  furnish  accommodations 
for  the  mothers  and  older  children.  At  the  shore  end  are  grouped  the 
necessary  offices.  On  the  right  of  the  entrance  is  a  commodious  reception 
room,  from  which  the  guests  pass  to  the  doctor's  office  for  examination  and 
for  medical  attention  when  required.  Thence  the  guests  are  registered  in 
the  office  and  the  matron  gives  them  in  charge  of  trained  nurses  who  assign 
them  suitable  quarters,  provide  hammocks,  chairs,  etc.  The  matron's  room 
communicating  both  with  the  office  and  the  physician's  room,  is  a  large 
dormitory  for  the  care  of  critical  cases,  which  it  may  be  necessary  to  keep 
over  night.  On  the  opposite  side  of  the  entrance  is  the  kitchen,  with  pantries 
and  storerooms,  and  beyond  is  a  range  of  bath-rooms,  closets,  etc.  The  west 
front  of  the  sanitarium  is  connected  with  the  park  by  a  broad  bridge,  with 
a  gentle  ascent  for  baby  carriages.  Beingin  close  proximity  to  the  zoological 
department  and  other  features  of  interest  in  the  park,  the  older  children  who, 
in  many  cases,  must  be  brought  with  the  baby,  will  find  enjoyment  and 
pastime  without -encroaching  .upon  the  sanitarium  proper.  Immediately 
south  of  the  sanitarium — with  which  it  is  connected  about  midway  by  a 
bridge — is  a  400  foot  pier  at  which  boats  may  land  with  guests  from  the 
central  part  of  the  city.  The  total  cost  of  the  building  and  equipment  of 
the  sanitarium  amounted  to  $12,375.79.  In  addition  to  the  $1,000  contrib- 
uted by  the  Daily  News  to  the  building  fund  there  was  a  balance  at  the  close 
of  the  season  of  $1,326.54  in  the  hands  of  the  treasurer  of  the  Fresh  Air 
Fund,  making  a  total  of  $2,326.54  to  be  applied  on  the  building  account. 
The  deficit  of  $10.049.25  was  advanced  as  a  temporary  loan  by  the  Daily 
News.  '  Of  this  $4,500  has  been  paid. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  171 

The  South  side  sanitarium  is  established  temporarily  every  summer,  for 
the  present,  at  the  foot  of  Twenty-second  st.  A  large  pavilion  tent, 54x84  feet, 
is  erected  here,  under  which  hammocks  for  babies  are  swung.  A  kindergarten 
is  also  established  here  for  the  older  children  which  the  mother  must  bring 
with  her. 

One  of  the  most  far-reaching,  as  it  is  also  one  of  the  simplest,  forms  of 
this  summer  charity  is  that  which  has  come  to  be  known  as  "  The  Country 
Week" — the  securing  of  country  homes  for  a  fortnight  ^r  so  for  the  city 
poor — especially  children.  During  the  last  season  ninety -two  parties,  aggregat- 
ing 1,003  persons,  were  sent  to  various  poiuts  in  Illinois,  Indiana,  Wisconsin 
aud  Michigan,  at  a  total  cost  of  $1,603.21;  being  an  average  expense  to  the 
fund  of  $1.59  8-10  for  each  guest  fora  two  weeks'  visit.  The  cost  of  railroad 
travel  was  greatly  reduced  by  special  rates  made  through  the  generosity  of 
the  companies,  which,  without  exception,  did  all  that  was  in  their  power  to 
further  the  success  of  the  country  week  excursions. 

Several  of  the  little  country  weekers  were  permanently  adopted  by  the 
families  who  entertained  them,  and  thus  the  Fresh  Air  Fund  found  a  new 
avenue  of  usefulness  in  securing  for  some  of  its  beneficiaries  happy,  health- 
ful homes.  Summer  visitors  to  Chicago  wUl  be  interested  in  witnessing  the 
workings  of  the  North  and  South  Side  sanitariums.  The  latter  may  be 
reached  speedily  by  the  Illinois  Central  suburban  trains,  taken  at  the  foot  of 
Randolph  or  Van  Buren  sts.  A  ride  of  a  few  minutes  will  carry  the  visitor 
to  the  foot  of  Twenty-second  st.  Contributions  to  the  Fnsli  Air  Fund  are 
received  at  the  office  of  The  Chicago  Daily  News,  123  Fifth  ave. 

Chicago  Free  Kindergarten  Association. — This  association  is  doing  a  mag- 
nificent work  in  Chicago.  Officers  for  1891 — President,  Mrs.  A.  P.  Kelly; 
first  vice-president,  Mrs.  P.  D.  Armour;  treasurer,  H.  M.  Sherwood;  secre- 
tary, the  Hon.  T.  C.  MacMillan;  corresponding  secretary,  Mrs.  L.  A. 
Hagans;  superintendent,  Misa  Eva  B.  Whitmore.  At  the  last  annual  meet- 
ing, held  in  January  of  this  year,  the  Board  of  Directors  made  the  following 
report:  We  find  from  the  superintendent's  report  that  the  work  has  been 
more  prosperous  than  in  former  years.  Seventeen  kindergartens  have  been 
under  our  supervision,  with  an  average  membership  for  the  year  of  1,058; 
average  attendance,  956;highestaverageattendanceforone  month, 1,349;  high- 
est average  membership,  1,299.  Two  thousand  three  hundred  and  twenty- 
seven  different  children  have  been  enrolled  since  January,  1890.  The  cost  of 
material  was  $1,356.52.  This  includes  outfits  for  two  new  kindergartens 
established  during  the  year,  and  averages  about  59  cents  worth  of  material 
for  each  child  in  the  kindergartens.  Counting  teachers'  salaries,  fuel,  and  all 
other  expenses,  it  is  found  that  it  costs  a  trifle  over  $5  per  year  for  each  child. 
Sixty-nine  certificates  and  diplomas  have  been  given  to  young  ladies  during 
the  year.  Of  this  number  eleven  are  still  in  training,  two  have  married,  six 
are  at  home  resting  this  year,  and  the  remaining  number  are  in  active  work 
either  in  the  city  or  in  other  States.  At  present  there  are  seventy-five  ladies 
in  training.  This  number  added  to  seventeen  principals,  five  assistants,  and 
four  regular  instructors  makes  a  working  force  of  101.  There  have  been 
3.146  visits  to  homes  of  the  children  b>  the  teachers  in  the  kindergartens. 
These,  with  the  mothers'  meetings  held  once  each  month  in  connection  with 
the  different  kindergartens,  have  been  of  inestimable  value  in  bringing  about 
a  closer  sympathy  between  mother  and  teacher  and  the  most  effectual  good  to 
the  children.  There  have  been  4,059  visitors  to  the  kindergartens.  This, 


172  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

with  the  increased  number  in  the  training  class,  is  yet  another  evidence  of 
the  growing  interest  in  the  kindergarten  work.  The  little  paper,  the  Free 
Kindergarten,  issued  by  the  association,  has  a  larger  circulation  this  year, 
indicative  of  a  desire  by  many  to  investigate  more  thoroughly  the  methods  of 
this  association.  The  paper  is  issued  quarterly,  and  contains  plans  and 
reports.  The  association  has  lost  by  death  several  of  its  prominent  original 
members;  among  the  number  are  Mr.  L.  Hagans,  Mr.  Caleb  Gates,  and  Mr. 
F.  Haskel.  The  training  class  has  four  regular  instructors,  Mrs.  Mary 
Boomer  Page,  theory;  Miss  Eva  B.  Whitmore,  occupations;  Miss  Margaret 
D.  Morley,  physical  culture,  and  Miss  Mary  Hofer,  vocal  music.  Besides 
these  the  classes  have  special  lectures  from  other  specialists.  Miss  Josephine 
Locke  has  given  to  the  classes  lectures  on  form,  color,  and  'clay  modeling. 
Other  lecturers  of  the  year  have  been  Dr.  I.  N.  Danforth,  Dr.  McPherson, 
Miss  Frances  Willard,  Mrs.  Kissell,  and  Dr.  Everett  Burr.  The  special 
feature  of  this  association  is  growing  in  favor  as  its  work  is  more  thoroughly 
investigated.  There  have  been  many  of  its  Bible  cards  sent  home  and  treas- 
ured by  all  members  of  the  family.  Texts  are  chosen  that  children  can  com- 
prehend and  are  not  given  until  the  thought  is  worked  out  through  other 
materials.  • 

Chicago  Nursery  and  Half-Orphan  Asylum. — Located  at  175  Burling 
streeet,  and  855  N.  Hals  ed  street.  One  of  the  most  useful  and  most  worthy 
of  the  charities  of  Chicago.  Officers  of  the  Board  of  Managers:  President, 
Mrs.  W.  C.  Goudy;  vice-president,  Mrs.  A.  Keith;  2d  vice-president,  Mrs.  H. 
J.  Berry;  secretary,  Mrs.  F.  H.  Beckwith;  assistant  secretary,  Mrs.  C.  Bent- 
ley;  treasurer,  Miss  Hurlbut;  matron,  Miss  E.  M.  Fuller.  At  the  last  annual 
meeting  the  treasurer's  report  showed  the  total  receipts  for  the  year  to  be 
$18,039.37;  expenses  and  investments,  $17,560.67;  balance  on  hand,  $478.70. 
Chicago  Orphan  Asylum. — Located  at  2228  Michigan  avenue.  Take 
Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line.  Under  Protestant  management,  but 
children  of  all  denominations  are  admitted.  Officers — President,  Norman 
Williams;  vice-president,  John  M.  ClarK  ;  secretary,  Frederick  B.  Tuttle ; 
treasurer,  W.  D.  Preston.  Officers  of  the  Board  of  Directresses — President, 
Mrs.  N.  T.  Gassette ;  vice-president,  Mrs.  B.  B.  Botford  ;  corresponding 
secretary,  Miss  S.  M.  Horton  ;  recording  secretary,  Mrs.  H.  W.  Getz  ;  treas- 
urer, Mrs.  E.  J.  Doring;  matron,  Mrs.  Harriet  C.  Bigelow. 

Chicago  Policlinic. — A  large  and  vwell  equipped  building  located  at  174 
and  i76  E.Chicago  avenue.  Take  Clark  or  Wells  street  cable  cars.  This  is  one 
of  the  most  meritorious  institutions  of  the  city.  All  sorts  of  diseases  are 
treated  free  of  charge  to  sufferers.  From  an  enterprise  for  gratuitous  treat- 
ment of  the  poor  the  physicians  interested  have  developed  it  into  a 
college,  where  active  practitioners  may  take  a  post-graduate  course  in  surgery 
and  medicine.  The  lecture  and  other  rooms  have  been  enlarged  and  there  is 
now  room  for  200.  The  clinics,  which  continue  the  year  round,  are  well 
patronized,  the  daily  number  of  people  treated  being  about  200.  The  hos- 
pital room  has  recently  been  increased.  About  thirty  Chicago  physicians 
are  connected  with  the  institution,  among  them  being  the  following:  Drs. 
Miller,  Belfield,  Harris,  Chew,  M.  R.  Brown,  Henrotin,  Etheridge,  Hooper, 
Colburn,  Fiske,  Hoadley,  MacArthur,  Senn,  Fenger,  Futterer,  Patton,  Hotz, 
Ingals,  Church,  Hayes,  J.  B.  Hamilton,  Banga,  Christopher,  Anthony,  E. 
M.  Smith,  C^S.  Bacon,  E.  L.  Holmes,  H.  M.  Lyman. 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 

CORLISS  ENGINE  HOUSE  AND  WATER  TOWER,  PULLMAN,  CHICAGO. 
[See  "  Great  Industries."] 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  173 

Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society. — Organized  by  special  act  of  the  legisla- 
ture in  1857.  Located  in  Chicago,  Relief  and  Aid  Society  building,  LaSalle 
street,  between  Randolph  and  Lake  streets.  This  society  received  a  large 
portion  of  the  surplus  funds  contributed  by  the  world  for  Ihe relief  of  the 
people  of  Chicago,  after  the  great  fire  of  1871.  The  society  has  from  time  to 
time  been  severely  criticised  for  the  coldness  of  its  management,  and  thc> 
gingerly  manner  in  which  it  extends  its  charities.  In  the  last  annual  report, 
it  advises  strongly  against  the  giving  of  private  alms.  The  society  owns  200 
beds  in  private  hospitals.  It  claims  that  it  has  sometimes  found  a  family  ask 
ing  relief  when  there  are  children  old  enough  to  contribute  to  their  own  and 
their  parents'  support,  but  who  are  kept  at  school.  The  society  refuses  aid 
in  such  cases,  placing  self-support  and  filial  duty  before  education.  "  In  the 
midst  of  abject  poverty,"  so  the  reports  reads,  "there  is  often  surprising 
wastefulness.  There  is  great  need  of  education  in  res pect  to  the  ways  and 
means  of  economy."  During  1890  the  following  number  of  articles  are  said 
to  have  been  issued  :  Men's  wear,  749  ;  children's  wear,  1,459  ;  shoes,  1.571} 
pairs  ;  blankets.  104  ;  comforts,  37  ;  red  flannel,  1,520  yards ;  canton  flannel. 
2, 890  yards;  unbleached  muslin,  2,165;  calico,  2.160  ;  worsted  goods,  183 
In  the  list  of  nationalities  of  those  who  received  relief  the  Germans  are  at  the 
head  with  510  families,  including  2,470  children,  and  the  Scotch  are  the 
sma-llest  with  60  families.  The  total  is  2,350  families  and  10,940  children. 
In  the  class  of  cases  relieved  there  were  2,209  of  aged,  sick,  or  infirm  widows 
with  families,  400  able-bodied  men  with  families,  and  895  deserted  women 
with  families.  The  total  number  of  applications  was  13,565,  of  which  6,015 
were  approved  ;  women  sent  to  the  Home  for  the  Friendless,  145  ;  children, 
300  ;  meal  tickets  issued,  2,746  ;  men  furnished  with  employment,  outside  of 
wood-yard,  10,536  ;  expended  by  Superintendent  Truesdell,  $39,239  ;  balance 
on  hand,  $13,482.  The  cash  donations,  amounting  to  $31,583,  were  divided 
into  4  $1,000  subscriptions,  sixteen  of  $500  each,  three  of  $300,  thirty  of  $250 
each,  eight  of  $200  each,  and  a  large  number  of  sums  ranging  from  $150  to 
$1.  The  officers  are — President,  John  McLaren;  B.  L.  Smith,  treasurer; 
secretary,  W.  H.  Hubbard;  general  superintendent,  Rev.  C.  G.  Truesdeli, 
directors  meet  first  Monday  of  every  month.  The  society  has  branch  offices 
as  follows:  Southern  office,  3601  Wabash  ave.  Northern  office,  420  Lincoln 
ave.  Western  office,  Monroe,  cor.  Ogden  ave. 

Church  Home  for  Aged  Persons. — Located  at  4327  Ellis  ave.  Take  Cot- 
tage Grove  avenue  cable  lines.  Reports  made  at  the  annual  meeting  of  the 
lady  managers  show  the  disbursements  of  last  year  and  no  debt  for  the 
coming  year.  The  board  is  composed  of  Mrs.  Dr.  Warden,  Mrs.  George  W. 
Mathers*  Miss  Sayer,  Miss  Josephine  I.  Wells  and  Mrs.  George  S.  McRej- 
uolds. 

Chicago  Home  for  Crippled  Children. — Dr.  J.  Prince  in  charge.  Located 
at  91  Heine  street.  This  institution  is  designed  as  a  mission  to  the  poor  and 
destitute,  and  a  charitable  asylum  for  infirm  or  crippled  children.  It  depends 
upon  voluntary  subscription.  Ben.  K.  Chase,  tieasurer  board  of  trustees,  70 
State  street. 

Convalescents'  Home. — Organized  1891  and  as  yet  in  its  incipiency.  The 
directors  hope  to  begin  in  a  small  way  with  a  home  for  invalids  in  the  city  in 
the  winter  time  and  a  country  place  during  the  summer.  Officers  :  President, 


174  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

Dr.  Walter Delafleld;  vice-president,  General  Joseph  Stockton;  secretary, 
Charles  M.  Flack;  treasurer,  Julius  Rosen  thai. 

Danish  Lutheran  Orphans'  Home. — Located  at  Maplewood,  a  suburb  of 
Chicago.  Take  train  at  Wells  street  depot,  Wells  and  Kinzie  streets.  Under 
direction  of  the  Danish  Lutheran  Church  Society  of  Chicago  ;  superintendent, 
Rev.  Andrew  S.  Nielsen. 

Erring  Woman's  Refuge.— Located  on  the  west  side  of  Indiana  avenue, 
between  Fiftieth  and  Fifty-first  streets.  Mrs.  L.  B.  Doud,  president;  Mrs. 
H.  Y.  Lazeau,  vice-president;  Mrs.  John  Ailing,  recording  secretary;  Mrs. 
Charles  Oilman  Smith,  corresponding  secretary;  Mrs.  E.  O.  F.  Holer,  treas- 
urer; Mrs.  Helen  M.  Woods,  superintendent;  Miss  Bessie  Stone,  assistant 
superintendent.  Teachers — Miss  Jennie  Crawford  and  Miss  Barber.  Trus- 
tees— James  H.  Swan,  Charles  M.  Charnley,  Addison  Ballard,  H.  H.  Kohl- 
saat,  Henry  S.  Stebbias  and  G.  C.  Bentpn.  Take  Indiana  avenue  car  on 
Wabash  avenue  cable  line.  This  institution  was  founded  in  1865.  The  pres- 
ent building  was  dedicated  and  thrown  open  in  the  fall  of  1890.  It  cost  $60,- 
000  and  will  accommodate  100  women.  The  plan  of  the  new  building  may 
be  described  generally  as  octagonal,  thirty-eight  feet  in  diameter,  with  four 
wings  34x48  feet  in  size.  The  inner  corners  of  these  wings  are  cut  off  so  as  to 
form  small  square  courts,  with  alternate  sides  of  the  octagon.  The  main 
entrance,  facing  Indiana  avenue,  is  in  one  of  these  courts,  and  the  angle  of  the 
wings  in  front  of  it  contains  a  porch.  Across  the  corresponding  angle  in  the 
rear,  and  communicating  with  the  two  rear  wings,  is  the  kitchen  building. 
The  building  has  three  stories  and  basement,' and  the  rotunda  towers,  above 
the  wings,  constitute  another  story.  The  material  used  is  half-dressed  lime- 
stone for  the  basement  and  Roman  red  brick  for" the  superstructure.  The 
architecture  is  very  plain.  In  the  basement  are  the  store-rooms,  truuk-ioom, 
engine-room,  boiler-room,  coal-room,  ice-room,  vegetable-loom,  laundry  and 
the  drying-room,  and  in  the  rotunda  the  gymnasium.  On  the  first  floor,  the 
rotunda,  into  which  the  entrance  opens,  contains  the  main  staircase,  which 
rises  at  either  side  of  an  ornamental  mantel  and  fire-place  tixcd  in  the  smoke- 
stack. In  the  northeast  wing  are  the  sewiug-iooms,  fitting-ioom  and  mate- 
rial-room. In  the  southeast  wing  are  the  office,  parlor,  committee-room  and 
a  beautiful  chapel.  In  the  northwest  wing  are  the  nurseiy,  wash-room  and  a 
few  dormitories.  In  the  southwest  wing  are  the  dining-room  and  china 
closet,  and  connecting  with  them  the  kitchen  and  pantry.  On  the  second 
floor  of  the  rotunda  is  the  library,  and  in  the  wings  the  dormitories,  bath- 
rooms, servants'  quarters  and  the  hospital.  The  third  floor  is  devoted  entirely 
to  dormitories  and  bath-rooms.  In  the  fourth  story  of  the  rotunda  are  more 
dormitories  and  two  lock-ups,  lined  with  corrugated  iron,  for  the  most  violent 
inmates.  The  capacity  of  the  building  is  about  100  inmates.  The  cost  of 
the  ground  was  $11,000. 

The  Erring  Woman's  Refuge  is  one  of  the  best  managed  charities  in  the 
city.  The  inmates  are  generally  between  the  ages  of  14  and  20.  As  a  rule 
they  are  plain,  uneducated  and  ignorant  girls.  They  drift  into  the  Refuge  in 
various  ways,  but  mostly  from  the  justice  courts,  though  there  is  no  law 
authorizing  justices  of  the  peace  to  commit  them  there,  nor  the  Refuge  itself 
to  receive  and  restiain  them.  Whenever  they  choose  they  get  released  on  a 
writ  of  habeas  corpus.  The  aim  of  the  management  is  to  restore  the  health 
of  the  inmates,  teach  them  housework,  plain  sewing  and  dressmaking,  and 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  175 

to  awaken  their  moral  and  religious  nature.  They  all  attend  school  during 
four  days  in  the  week.  On  Sundays  there  is  school  in  the  morning,  a  sermon 
by  some  minister  in  the  afternoon,  and  in  the  evening  a  prayer  meeting  con- 
ducted by  one  of  the  inmates,  whom  the  others  have  selected  for  that  pur- 
pose. There  is  also  a  prayer  meeting  on  Thursday  evening,  a  temperance 
band  of  hope,  and  on  the  last  Saturday  evening  in  every  month  a  public  enter- 
tainment by  the  inmates,  consisting  of  recitations  and  music.  At  all  these 
occasions  the  public  is  welcome.  A  sight  not  easily  forgotten  is  a  peep  into 
thematron's  photograph  album,  containing  the  likenesses  of  the  girls  who  have 
graduated  from  the  institution.  To  hear  her  give  the  history  of  one  after 
another  of  them  is  a  sad  but  interesting  experience.  Visitors  are  admitted 
between  10  A.  M.  and  4  P.  M.  daily. 

Foundlings'  Home. — Located  at  114  Wood  St.,  near  West  Madison  St., 
West  Side.  Dr.  George  E.  Shipman,  Supt.  Visiting  day,  Tuesday,  from 
11  A.  M.  to  4  P.M.  Take  Madison  st.  cable  line.  First  opened  for  the  recep- 
tion of  foundlings  January,  1870,  by  Dr.  Shipman.  It  was  originally  intended 
only  as  a  haven  of  refuge  for  such  little  castaways  as  were  abandoned  in  its 
immediate  neighborhood,  and  not  as  a  city  charity.  But,  through  a  mis- 
understanding upon  this  score,  the  city  papers  spoke  of  it  as  such,  and  the 
doctor  found  the  superinteudency  of  a  public  charity  forced  upon  him.  He 
had  realized  for  a  number" of  years  the  great  need  of  such  an  institution 
before  he  opened  his  little  home,  but  could  find  no  one  who  thought  it  incum- 
bent upon  himself  personally  to  undertake  it,  while  all  admitted  the  crying 
need.  Dr.  Shipnvin  from  that  moment  until  the  present  has  never  been  free 
from  its  responsibilities.  In  speaking  of  the  time  of  its  foundation  he  says 
that  the  coroner  reported  to  him,  upon  being  questioned,  that  he  held  an  in- 
quest on  at  least  one  child  every  day  "  found  dead  from  exposure."  This 
would  make  a  yearly  aggregate  of  365,  to  say  nothing  of  the  great  numbers 
dead  by  the  fearful  crime  of  infanticide.  The  first  home  was  a  small,  two- 
story  frame  house  at  54  South  Green  street,  for  which  $35  per  month  wa«  to 
be  paid,  with  option  ou  a  year  from  the  following  May.  From  one  friend 
and  another,  wiio  learned  of  the  doctor's  intentions,  he  received  $77. 38,  and  a 
patient  of  his  said  he  would  give  $100  more  when  it  was  opened.  This  was 
the  sum  total  of  visible  capital  wherewith  to  support  all  the  foundlings  in 
Chicago.  It  is  interesting  to  read  of  this  meager  home  and  its  still  more 
meager  furnishings  and  compare  them  with  the  almost  luxurious  equipments 
of  the  present  home.  Although  the  entire  house  was  made  habitable  very 
soon,  its  capacity  was  reached  before  the  lapse  of  many  weeks,  and  still  the 
basket  at  the  door  had  every  morning  its  tiny  occupant.  More  room  must 
be  gained  or  the  basket  taken  in.  This  was  not  to  be  thought  of,  and  search 
was  at  once  begun  for  a  larger  house,  although  the  home  had  no  money. 
This  resulted  in  the  selection  of  two  large  brick  houses  on  the  southeast  cor- 
ner of  Randolph  and  Sangamon  streets.  Two  formidable  dragons  stood 
between  the  little  charity  and  these.  The  rent  was  $133  per  month  ($35  was 
more  than  they  could  pay  promptly).  They  were  in  a  wretched  condition, 
and  the  landlord  would  do  nothing.  There  was  no  way  to  surmount  these 
obstacles  except  to  boldly  face  them.  These  b'uildings  were  selected  on 
March  21,  and  when  the  doctor  returned  home  in  the  evening,  wondering 
what  .should  be  done  and  praying,  in  the  old  way,  for  aid  and  guidance,  he 
found  the  following  letter  awaiting  him: 

"  DR.  SHIPMAN:  My  newspaper,  just  road,  gives  me  an  account  of  your  foundlings, 
and  says  you  are  relying  on  the  Lord,  who  has  just  told  me  to  send  you  the  enclosed 
<a  check  for  $10J.;  Trust  in  God  aim  KtCp  the  1'uunalings  warm. 

J.  W.  [JOHN  WENTWOHTH.I 


176  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

This  letter  was  taken  as  an  indication  that  a  more  forward  move  was 
demanded,  and  the  dragons  slunk  away.  The  27th  of  March  found  the 
little  colony  moving  in  at  the  forbidden  doorways.  The  first  month's  rent 
was  paid  with  J.  W.'s  $100  and  the  balance  from  the  doctor's  purse.  Now 
the  terrible  struggles  of  the  home  began.  These  can  not  better  be  explained 
than  by  his  diary,  kept  during  theseTbitter  days : 

"  Thursday,  March  30.— Only  $  J  received  this  week .  The  Lord  seems  to  rebuke  us 
for  something.  May  he  in  mercy  show  us  what  it  is.  Much  money  is  needed,  but  none 
comes.  Has  the  Lord  forgotten  to  be  gracious?  '  Fear  not;  I  am  with  tbee,'  he  saya. 
May  we  not  trust  implicitly  in  him? 

"Friday,  March  31.— No  money  has  come  in  to-day,  but  considerable  has  gone 
out,  which  I  have  been  obliged  to  furnish  out  of  my  own  pocket.  *  *  * 

"  Monday,  April  3. — No  relief  yet  and  daily  demands  upon  my  slender  purge, 
which  is  quite  unable  to  meet  even  those  made  upon  it  by  my  own  necessities. 

"  Friday,  April  7.— But  $7.31  has  been  received,  and  I  have  spent  very  nearly  the 
last  dollar  of  my  own  money."  *  *  * 

A  gleam  of  sunshine  came  on  the  following  Monday  when  several  brother 
physicians  called  upon  him  in  the  evening  and  left  a  purse  containing  $45. 
The  home  worried  on  through  the  summer,  and  then  in  October  came  the 
great  fire.  It  escaped  its  terrors,  but  was  $1,500  in  debt.  The  Relief  and 
Aid  Society  voted  a  monthly  stipend  to  every  city  charity  excepting  the 
Foundlings'  Home,  the  objection  being  that  it  was  managed  by  an  indirldual 
instead  of  by  a  "  board,"  as  were  the  others.  This  policy  was  not  lonf  per- 
sisted in,  however,  for  they  soon  decided  to  appropriate  $150  per  month  for 
six  months  to  the  foundlings.  In  May,  1872,  it  was  intimated  to  Dr.  Ship- 
man  that  the  Relief  and  Aid  Society  wished  to  give  $10,000  toward  the 
erection  of  a  building  for  the  Home,  but  that  they  objected  to  giving  it  to  a 
private  individual.  The  only  objection  he  had  ever  had  to  its  being  incor- 
porated was  the  possibility  that  the  work  might  be  interrupted  as  one  of  faith. 
This  reasoning  was  soon  set  aside,  and  on  May  28th  the  Foundlings'  Home 
was  incorporated  under  a  general  act  of  the  legislature,  with  the  following- 
named  gentlemen  as  trustees:  Thomas  C.  Dickenson,  John  Dillingham,  the 
Rev.  C.  D.  Helmer,  William  G.  Hibbard,  8.  A.  Kean,  the  Rev.  A.  E.  Kit- 
tredge,  J.  L.  Pickard,  the  Rev.  H.  N.  Powers,  and  George  E.  Shipman, 
M.  D. 

In  July,  the  lot  on  Wood  street  was  purchased  for  $8,000,  $3,000  being 
paid  in  cash  and  a  mortgage  given  for  $5.000.  Work  on  the  building  was 
commenqed  In  October.  The  Relief  and  Aid  Society  gave  another  $10,000, 
and  then  $2,500  more.  Citizens  gave  $3, 000,  and  May  9,  1874,  the  house  was 
ready  for  occupancy.  In  1884,  some  friends  of  the  doctor's,  who  had 
watched  his  patient  and  self-sacrificing  eiforts  to  maintain  the  Home  for 
years,  raised  among  themselves  the  sum  of  $25, 000  and  erected  a  commodious 
addition  to  the  Home  building  for  his  residence,  so  that  with  his  wife  and 
four  of  his  eight  children  about  him  he  lives  in  comfort  and  within  sight  and 
sound  of  every  movement  of  his  foundlings.  There  are  at  present  112 
inmates,  including  the  nurses.  The  foundlings  range  in  age  from  the  newly- 
born  to  twelve  months.  They  are  usually  adopted  or  redeemed  by  their 
parents  before  reaching  one  year.  The  Home  still  depends  solely  upon  vol- 
untary contributions  for  support,  but  is  now  so  well  known  and  so  widely 
appreciated  that  it  does  not  suffer  the  old  sorrows  of  destitution  and  misery. 
Visitors  to  the  institution  are  welcome  during  the  usual  visiting  hours,  on 
Tuesday,  from  11  A.  M.  to  4.  P.M.  and  there  is  scarcely  a  more  interesting 
institution  in  the  city. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  177 

Jewish  Charitable  Association. — An  association  of  Hebrews  of  the  North 
Side  for  charitable  purposes.  The  officers  of  the  association  are:  B.  Wartelsky, 
president;  Lewis  Lewisohn,  vice-president;  >I.  Kreeger,  secretary,  and  A.  L. 
Stone,  treasurer.  The  headquarters  are  at  No.  567  South  Halsted  St.,  where 
the  superintendent,  M.  Dulsky,  has  charge  of  every  case  of  Buffering  reported. 
President,  B.  Wartelsky;  vice-presidents,  Wolf  Goldstein  and  M.  Kassel; 
recording  secretary,  M.  Kreeger;  financialjsecretary,  A.  Bernstein;  treasurer, 
N.  Davis;  board  of  directors,  A.  I.  Frank,  R.  Goldstein,  A.  L.  Stone,  Lewis 
Lewinsohn,  Marks  Nathan,  A.  Lieberman,  A.  Wilkess,  H.  Stern,  and  S.  D. 
Stoll.  Advisory  Board,  L.  Steinberg,  M.  Perlstein,  F.  Kiss,  I.  Lewinsohn, 
M.  Schneider,  P.  Drosdivitz,  M.  Barnett,  H.  Barnett,  C.  B.  Neuerman. 

Lake  Geneva  Fresh  Air  Association. — Organized  June  1888  by  wealthy 
ladies  and  gentlemen  of  Chicago,  summer  residents  of  Lake  Geneva.  It  is 
said  this  grand  charity,  which  has  for  its  object  the  granting  of  recreation  to 
,  poor  children  and  working  girls,  during  the  heated  terms  of  each  year,  had 
its  origin  in  the  suggestion  of  a  Chicago  lady  during  a  moonlight  boat  ride  on 
the  lake.  Edward  E.  Ayer,  George  Sturges,  N.  K.  Fairbank  and  George  C. 
Walker  were  instrumental  in  starting  the  movement.  A  committee  of  twenty 
young  women  was  organized  to  secure  subscriptions  around  the  lake  and  in 
the  city.  In  one  month  the  committee  had  $12,000  pledged.  A  number  of 
gentlemen  pledged  themselves  to  furnish  an  additional  sum  of  money  to  start 
the  organization.  The  articles  of  incorporation  read  : 

"  The  undersigned,  E.  D.  Richardson,  W.  H.  Hammersly,  and  John  B.  Sim- 
mons, residents  cf  Lake  Geneva,  in  V\  alworth  County,  State  of  Wisconsin,  hereby 
associate  themselves  together  for  the  purpose  of  forming  a  corporation,  under  the 
Revised  Statutes  of  the  State  of  Wisconsin,  for  the  purpose  of  constructing  and  main- 
ing  at  Lake  Geneva  a  summer  resort  for  poor  children  residing  in  or  near  the  city  of 
ChicHgo  The  capital  stock  of  this  association  shall  be  limited  to  twenty  thousand 
dollars  (*20,OoO),  divided  into  two  hundred  (~0  )  shares  of  one  hundred  dollars  (*100) 
each.  It  mnjr  commence  the  transaction  of  business  when  eighty  (80)  shares  of  its 
capital  stock  nave  been  subscribed  for.  No  dividend  or  pecuniary  profit  shall  ever  be 
made  or  declared  by  this  corporation  to  its  members." 

The  asnciatioo  i  nmeiiately  purchased  eight  acres  of  ground  ont  he  north 
shore  of  Lake  Geneva,  near  Forest  Glen.  The  land  lies  in  one  of  the  most 
picturesque  spots  around  this  beautiful  lake.  It  is  on  a  wooded  hillside  run- 
ning down  to  the  shore,  and  has  300  feet  frontage  on  the  lake.  A  two-story 
frame  house,  with  basement,  was  built  on  a  level  with  the  gentle  slope  that 
runs  down  to  the  lake.  The  house  stands  several  hundred  feet  back  from  the 
shore  and  immediately  in  the  rear  of  it  rises  the  steep  acclivity  of  the  hill  or 
bluff.  This  house  was  christened  the  "  Holiday  Home,"  and  many  a  heart 
has  leaped  with  gladness  within  its  walls.  A  large  veranda,  after  the 
Southern  style  of  a  porch,  runs  around  the  suniiy  side  of  the  house.  In  the 
basement  are  the  servants'  quarters — kitchen,  laundry  and  balh-rooms.  On 
the  first  floor  is  a  large  play-room  for  children  with  an  old-fashioned  fire- 
place, a  long  hall,  a  dining-room,  a  matron's  room  and  a  committee-room. 
In  the  upper  story  are  four  dormitories,  each  fitted  up  with  iron  bedsteads. 
The  walls  are  covered  with  pictures.  Each  child  has  a  bag,  into  which  it 
puts  its  clothing  at  night  and  hangs  near  the  b(d.  A  matron  has  a  room  on 
this  floor  also.  The  home  was  opened  July  3,  1888.  There  are  special  dona- 
tions by  individuals  for  support  of  beds,  and  decorations  in  the  way  of  pic- 
tures. About  a  dozen  beds  are  thus  provided.  The  home  now  has  accom- 
modations for  eighty  persons.  About  $4,000  has  been  spent  on  the  house. 

On  June  loih  of  each  year  the  association  sends  out  eighty  young  women 


178  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

to  the  home  for  an  outing  of  two  weeks.  They  are  found  in  the  ranks  of  the 
shop  girls,  clerks,  type-writers  and  stenographers.  Their  car  fare  is  paid 
both  ways  by  the  association  and  their  boarding  and  lodging  are  free.  Their 
summer  retreat  lasts  until  July  1st.  They  return  that  day  in  the  moruing, 
and  in  the  afternoon  another  party  of  eighty  younger  girls,  ranging  from  six 
to  thirteen  years  of  age,  are  sent  out  to  the  home.  This  lot  is  found  among 
the  school  children  principally.  A  selection  committee  has  charge  of  tie 
matter.  Applications  for  an  outing  are  handed  into  this  committee  and  an 
agent  makes  an  investigation.  If  the  application  is  found  to  be  a  proper  on« 
the  applicant  is  registered  as  one  who  can  go.  The  city  is  divided  into  dis- 
tricts, each  one  having  an  agent  who  reports  applications  to  the  selection 
committee,  and  then  the  general  agent  makes  his  investigation. 

On  the  afternoon  of  July  15th  a  lot  of  eighty  boys  are  taken  out  on  the 
train  to  the  home.  They  are  selected  from  the  poorer  families  and  the  sickly 
children.  The  succeeding  fortnights  alternate  with  a  lot  of  boys  and  then  a 
lot  of  girls  at  the  home  up  to  September  1st.  This  allows  the  children  1o 
return  in  time  for  the  opening  of  the  public  schools.  The  first  two  weeks  of  • 
September  are  devoted  to  giving  recreation  to  eighty  mothers  and  eighty 
babies.  The  mothers,  babies,  young  women  and  girls  and  boys  are  given  free 
excursions  on  the  lake  by  the  gentlemen  in  the  vicinity  who  own  private 
yachts.  A  pier  has  been  built  on  the  lake  front  of  the  association's  property, 
and  the  boys,  under  the  charge  of  custodians,  are  allowed  to  swim  and  bathe 
and  indulge  in  aquatic  sports.  The  girls  are  also  allowed  to  educate  themselves 
in  swimming.  Concerts  are  given  in  the  play -room  of  Ihe  home.  A  fine 
piano  is  there  for  the  use  of  those  musically  inclined.  Gospel  hymns  are 
sung,  but  the  boys  can  also  raise  their  voices  in  exploiting  the  love  affairs  of 
"  Little  Annie,"  who  was  the  sweetheart  of  a  certain  Joe;  or  even  warble 
the  melodies  of  "  There're  After  Me  !  After  me!"  Concerts  by  older  people 
are  given  at  Harvard  Camp,  Kaye's  Park,  Forest  Glen  Park  and  Frascate 
Park,  the  proceeds  of  which  go  into  the  treasury  of  the  home.  Fresh  veg- 
etables are  furnished  the  home  from  the  private  gardens  at  the  lake,  and  gen 
tlemen  in  the  vicinity  also  send  over  barrels  of  watermelons  in  season. 

Officers. — President,  Mrs.  George  L.  Dunlapjvice  presidents,  Mrs.  Edward 
E.  Ayer,  Gilbert  B.  Shaw;  corresponding  secretary,  Miss  M.  D.  Sturgcs; 
recording  secretary,  Mrs.  Herbert  P.  Crane;  treasurer,  Miss  Katherine. 
Porter;  board  of  directors,  Edward  E.  Ayer,  R.  T.  Crane,  Henry  Strong,  Mrs. 
S.  W.  Allerton,  Mrs.  John  T.  Lester,  Mrs.  Lucretia  J.  Tilton;  board  of  mana- 
gers, Mrs.  E.  E.  Ayer,  Mrs.  S.  A.  Brown,  Mrs.  William  J.  Chalmers,  Mrs. 
Charles  Crane,  Mrs.  Herbert  P.  Crane,  Mrs.  R.  T.  Crane,  Mrs.  W.  F. 
Dummer.  Mrs.  N.  K.  Fairbank,  Miss  Hannah  French,  Mrs.  E.  B.  Harbert, 
Mrs.  F.  S.  Johnson,  Mrs.  J.  S.  Norton,  Mrs.  George  Parker,  Mrs.  H.  H.  Porter, 
Mrs.  O.  W.  Potter,  Mrs.  Conrad  Seipp,  Mrs.  Gilbert  B.  Shaw,  Mrs.  Henry 
Strong,  Mrs.  George  Sturgis,  Miss  C.  P.  Tilton,  Mrs.  James  Van  Inwagen, 
Mrs.  George  C.  Walker,  Mrs.  O.  D.  Wetherell,  Mrs.  J.  R.  Wilson,  Mrs.  T.  F. 
Withrow.  Standing  Committee  Chairmen — Finance,  Edward  E.  Ayer; 
building  and  grounds,  George  C.  Walker;  household,  Mrs.  George  C.  Walker; 
purchasing,  Mrs.  Orson  Smith;  amusement,  Miss  Katherine  I  sham;  hospital, 
Mrs.  O.  D.  Wetherell;  transportation,  R.  T.  Crane;  selection  of  children,  Mrs. 
T.  F.  Withrow;  investigating,  Mrs.  W.  J.  Chalmers.  Four-fifths  of  the 
money  received  by  the  home  has  come  from  fairs,  clubs  and  children's  enter- 
tainments. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  179 

German  Old  People's  Home. — Located  at  Harlem — Altenheim  P.  O. — 
ten  miles  west  of  the  City  Hall.  Take  train  at  Grand  Central  depot,  Fifth 
avenue  and  Harrison  street.  This  Home  was  established  through  the  efforts 
and  generosity  of  the  German  residents  of  Chicago,  and  is  the  largest  and 
best  conducted  institution  of  its  kind  in  the  country.  The  Home  buildings 
are  complete,  the  surroundings  beautiful,  and  nothing  is  spared  to  make  the 
lives  of  the  old  people  committed  to  its  care  as  happy  as  possible.  One  of  the 
prime  movers  in  this  noble  charity  was  Mr.  A.  C.  Hesing.  its  president.  The 
treasurer  is  Mr.  John  Buehler;  secretary,  Arthur,  Erbe;  financial  secretary, 
C.  Mechelke. 

Good  Samaritan  Society. — Industrial  Home,  151  Lincoln  avenue,.  North 
side  ;  take  Lincoln  avenue  car.  This  institution  is  incorporated  by  special 
charter.  The  object  of  this  Society  is  to  provide  a  place  for  destitute  women 
and  girls,  believed  to  be  worthy,  where  they  can  earn  an  honest  and  respect- 
able living.  For  this  purpose  a  home  is  provided,  where,  when  necessary, 
they  can  be  cared  for  temporarily,  and  as  soon  as  a  suitable  place  can  be 
found  they  are  sent  to  it.  No  money  is  given  them  except  to  pay  car  fare 
or  for  some  immediate  necessity.  The  essence  of  the  whole  work  is,  to  give 
a  chance  to  those  who  wish  to  get  on  in  the  world.  Supported  by  voluntary 
contribution. 

Guardian  Angel  Orphan  Asylum. — This  is  a  German  Roman  Catholic 
institution  and  is  located  at  Rosehill  (Havelock  P.  O.).  Take  train  at  Wells 
street  depot,  Wells  and  Kinzie  streets.  The  institution  is  conducted  by  the 
Poor  Handmaids  of  Jesus  Christ ;  Superior,  Sister  Mary  Hyacinthe. 

Hebrew  Charity  Association. — This  association  is  accomplishing  a  remark- 
able and  a  noble  work  in  Chicago.  It  is  composed  of  the  various  Hebrew 
charitable  organizations.  [For  particulars  as  to  its  general  transactions,  see 
"  Michael  Reese  Hospital,"  under  heading  of  "  Hospitals  and  Dispensaries."] 
The  receipts  of  the  last  Hebrew  charity  ball  given  in  Chicago  under  the 
auspices  of  the  Hebrew  Charity  Association  were  $12,000.  The  report  of  the 
united  Hebrew  charities  for  1889-1890  showed  that  during  the  year  there 
were  494  applicants  for  work,  or  forty  more  than  the  year  before.  Of  these 
443  were  provided  with  work,  or  fifty-seven  more  than  during  the  preceding 
year.  At  the  Michael  Reese  hospital  789  patients  were  treated,  of  whom  252 
were  Jewish  Charity  patients  and  278  Gentile  charity  patients.  Of  those 
treated  344  were  Jewish,  330  Protestant,  and  115  Roman  Catholic. 

Helping  Hand,  The. — The  Helping  Hand  is  the  name  of  a  new  institution, 
benevolent  in  character,  which  was  opemd  to  the  public  in  1891,  at  the  north- 
east corner  of  West  Washington  and  Clinton  streets.  The  three  upper  floors 
of  the  four-story  building  on  that  corner  have  been  leased  for  three  years  by 
well-known  citizens,  who  organized  and  incorporated  this  charity  for  the  pur- 
pose of  making  a  practical  test  of  their  ideas  concerning  work  of  this  kind. 
They  deal  chiefly  with  able-bodied  but  unfortunate  men.  They  do  not  pro- 
pose to  become  all-embracing  reformers.  They  have  at  the  outset  adopted  St. 
Paul's  dictum  that  "  if  a  man  will  not  work  neither  shall  he  eat,"  and  to  this 
they  add:  "  Nor  should  he  be  furnished  with  a  bed  at  public  expense." 

One  of  the  most  important  rules  of  the  new  .  establishment  is  thus 
expressed:  "  A  clean  bed,  a  compulsory  bath,  a  clean  night  shirt,  and  such 
treatment  of  clothing  as  will  destroy  all  vermin,"  all  of  which  is  deemed  quite 
as  ueedful  as  food  to  the  self-respect  of  a  man.  The  three  floors  contain  26 


180  GUIDE    TO    CHCAGO. 

rooms,  18  of  which  are  provided  with  enough  single  beds  to  accommodate  100 
lodgers.  Then  there  are  dining-room  and  kitchen,  reading-room,  reception- 
room  and  office,  and  room  for  shower  baths,  fumigation  room  for  the  treatment 
of  oldclothes,  and  a  large  apartment  in  which  non-sectarian  gospel  services  will 
be  conducted  every  evening.  The  house  is  well  provided  with  closets,  and 
newly  fitted  with  water  pipes.  In  these  respects  it  is  far  above  the  average 
cheap  lodging  house.  Not  the  least  important  of  Its  features  is  a  cobbler's 
bench,  where  badly  worn  shoes  of  unfortunates  may  be  repaired,  and  a 
tailor's  outfit  for  the  mending  of  frayed  garments  that  have  seen  better  days. 
Charitable  people  are  requested  to  send  cast-off  clothing  there,  <3o  that  a  stock 
may  be  kept  on  hand  for  emergencies. 

The  rates  at  the  Helping  Hand  are  15  cents  for  a  bed,  or  35  cents  for 
supper,  bed  and  breakfast.  Cash  will  be  accepted  from  those  who  have  it; 
able-bodied  men  without  the  price  will  be  required  to  pay  an  equivalent  in 
work  furnished  by  the  institution.  Cripples  and  men  unable  to  work  do  not 
come  within  the  scope  of  this  refuge;  they  will  be  referred  to  the  institutions 
which  cover  that  field.  In  course  of  time  it  is  expected  that  different  kinds 
of  work  can  be  furnished  by  the  Helping  Hand,  but  for  the  present  the  labor 
will  consist  chiefly  of  street  sweeping,  scrubbing,  delivering  coal  and  kindling 
wood.  Officers:  Thomas  Kane,  president;  W.  H.  Rice,  secretary;  Judge 
Qwynn  Garnett,  treasurer.  The  directors  are  Messrs.  Garneii,  Kane,  Rice, 
Judge  C.  C.  Kohlsaat,  Arthur  J.  Caton,  Charles  E.  Simons,  R,  H.  Trumbull, 
E.  H.  Valentine,  Qeorge  B.  Townsend  and  J.  L.  Whitlock.  P.  V.  Welch, 
superintendent. 

Holy  Family  Polish  and  Bohemian  Orphan  Asylum. — Located  at  Holt  and 
Division  streets.  This  is  a  Catholic  institution.  Sister  Mary  Rosamunda, 
Superior. 

Home  for  Incurables. — Located  on  Ellis  ave.  and  Fifty-sixth  st.  Take 
Cottage  Grove  ave.  cable  line.  F.  D.  Mitchell,  superintendent  ;  Miss  Libbie 
8.  Ainsworth,  matron  ;  Dr.  William  P.  Goldsmith  and  Dr.  John  H.  Wilson, 
attending  physicians.  The  buildings,  together  with  the  surrounding  grounds, 
are  the  gift  of  Mrs.  Clarissa  C.  Peck.  This  kindly  lady,  when  living,  was  ac- 
tive in  all  good  works,  and,  dying,  bequeathed  the  better  half  of  her  estate  for 
the  alleviation'of  a  class  for  whom  no  adequate  provision  was  made.  In  the 
main  corridor  of  the  great  building  is  a  magnificent  brass  memorial  tablet, 
set  like  some  rare  jewel  in  fine  marble.  It  bears  the  following  inscription  : 
* 

CHICAGO  HOME  FOR  INCURABLES. 
This  Tablet  is  Erected  in  Grateful 

Remembrance    of 

CLARISSA  C.  PECK, 

Died  Dec.  22,  1884, 

By  whose  Generosity  This  Institution 

Was  Founded   and  Endowed. 


But  a  monument  more  lasting  than  brass  is  the  great  home  itself  with  its 
cheerful  apartments  given  over  to  the  comfort  and  consolation  of  the  afflicted. 
Mrs.  Peck's  bequest  amounted  to  something  over  $500,000,  and  in  the  will  she 
named  eight  gentlemen  whom  she  wished  to  act  as  trustees  .'  i  founding  the 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  .  181 

institution.  These  were  Byron  L.  Smith,  Edson  Keith,  Albert  J.  Averell,  C. 
M.  Henderson,  George  L.  Otis,  Henry  J.  Willey,  Albert  Keep,  and  Charles 
Gilman  Smith.  Albert  Keep,  formerly  president  of  the  North- Western  rail- 
road, is  a  near  relative  of  the  deceased.  H.  N.  Higinbotham  was  made  pres- 
ident of  the  institution.  This  gentleman  had  been  manager  of  a  similar 
institution  at  Lake  View,  and  his  omission  from  the  list  of  trustees  named  by 
the  testatrix  was  owing  to  her  not  having  acquaintance  with  him.  These 
trustees  made  purchase  of  a  very  suitable  tract  of  land  ;  they  have  480  feet 
on  Ellis  ave.  and  170  feet  on  Fifty-sixth  st.  For  this  they  paid  $22,000.  No 
architectural  display  has  been  attempted  in  the  buildings.  They  are  com- 
modious and  substantial,  and  so  arranged  that  not  a  dark  or  cheerless  room 
can  be  found  throughout.  When  completed  the  buildings  cost  $85,000.  Mrs. 
Peck  died  in  1884,  but,  owing  to  litigation,  the  home  was  not  completed  till 
March,  1890.  Through  all  these  years  interest  had  been  accumulating,  and 
after  deducting  the  $107,000  expended  upon  grounds  and  buildings  there 
still  remained  the  equivalent  of  $600,000  in  productive  real  estate  and  bonds. 
The  interest  upon  this  is  more  than  sufficient  to  meet  all  running  expenses, 
and  lay  by  each  year  a  goodly  sum,  so  that,  when  necessary,  additions  can  be 
made  to  the  buildings  and  its  facilities  enlarged  and  improved,  The  main 
building  is  five  stories  high,  and  extending  from  it  to  north  and  south  are 
wings  of  four  stories.  The  full  capacity  is  125.  When  the  Home  was  opened 
it  took  from  the  smaller  institution  at  Lake  View  thirty-three  incurables,  all 
it  had,  and  that  Home  was  closed.  All  races  are  to  be  received  at  this  institu- 
tion, which  is  entirely  non-sectarian.  When  it  is  possible  for  the  afflicted 
inmate  or  his  friends  to  pay  a  monthly  stipend  for  his  support  it  is  accepted, 
but  there  are  many  who  come  absolutely  free.  To  be  eligible,  the  applicant 
must  be  afflicted  with  some  pronounced  disease,  which  is  considered  incura- 
ble by  the  trustees,  who  are  the  final  judges  in  the  matter.  The  predominat- 
ing diseases  are  paralysis  and  rheumatism,  the  first  being  the  more  frequent. 
Those  who  are  so  afflicted  as  not  to  be  able  to  walk  are  provided  with  invalid 
chairs,  which  they  can  propel  at  pleasure  about  their  rooms  or  through  the 
long  corridors  out  upon  the  wide  verandas.  There  are  comfortable  seats  and 
inviting  hammocks  and  a  perspective  of  lawn  and  bright  flowers  which 
means  much  to  feeble  eyes  and  limbs.  There  is  a  parlor  upon  every  floor, 
where  the  chairs  are  wheeled  at  the  will  of  each  occupant.  There  is  a  com- 
modious reading-room,  and  the  men  have  a  smoking-room  where  they  may 
indulge  to  their  hearts' content  in  the  use  of  their  favorite  brands.  During 
the  usual  visiting  hours  strangers  are  always  welcome. 

Home  for  Self -Supporting  Women. — Located  at  275  and  277  Indiana  street. 
Take  Indiana  street  car.  An  institution  which  affords  a  home  for  girls  and 
women,  whether  employed  or  unemployed,  if  they  are  willing  to  support 
themselves  when  occasion  offers.  A  great  many  women  who  work  outside 
make  this  their  home.  Officers,  president,  Mrs.  James  S.  Gibbs;  treasurer, 
Mrs.  Henry  P.  Crowell;  recording  secretary,  Miss  Mary  A.  Prescott;  corre- 
sponding secretary,  Mrs.  W.  W.  Angue;  matron,  Mrs.  V.  P.  Smith. 


182  •  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

Home  for  Unemployed  Girls. — Located  at  Market  and  Elm  sts.,  North 
Side.  Take  North  Market  st.  car.  This  institution  is  conducted  by  the  Fran- 
ciscan sisters.  Girls  temporarily  out  of  employment  are  cared  for  here. 
The  charity  is  a  noble  one  and  receives  the  generous  support  of  Roman  Cath- 
olics. 

Home  for  Working  Women. — Located  at  21  S.  Peoria  street,  West  Side. 
Take  Madison  street  cable  line.  Conducted  by  the  AVorkiug  Women's  Home 
Association.  The  home  is  one  of  the  youngest  of  Chicago's  many  charita- 
ble works,  and  the  success  it  has  attained  has  demonstrated  that  it  has  filled  a 
place  long  needed.  The  home  was  first  opened  on  the  seventeenth  of  May, 
1890,  and  the  building  now  occupied  was  then  newly  painted,  papered  and 
furnished  throughout.  Applications  for  admission  were  numerous,  many  of 
them  being  from  strangers  in  the  city,  and  the  home  is  now  taxed  to  its 
utmost  capacity.  The  aim  of  those  in  charge  is  to  furnish  a  place  where  no 
respectable  woman,  regardless  of  her  nationality  or  religion,  will  be  refused 
needed  assistance,  and  to  enable  those  who  earn  but  little  to  live  comfortably 
and  respectably.  During  the  year  1891  fully  600  girls  received  the 
benefits  of  the  home.  The  food  is  said  to  be  wholesome,  well  cooked,  and 
there  is  plenty  of  it.  Every  inmate  has  her  own  bed,  and  every  room  has  a 
closet.  The  house  is  heated  with  steam,  and  there  is  hot  and  cold  water  on 
every  floor.  The  directors  are  anxious  that  the  Home  shall  be  the  headquar- 
ters for  all  working  women,  whether  they  live  there  or  not.  Free  stationery, 
reading,  sewing  and  bathing-rooms  are  at  the  disposal  of  all,  and  a  type- 
writer and  piano  add  to  the  attractions  of  the  place.  The  managers  are  very 
emphatic  that  their  home  is  not  an  institution,  but  a  genuine  home  in  every 
sense  of  the  word.  Officers — A.  E.  Johnson,  president;  Dr.  H.  W.  Thomas, 
first  vice-president;  A.  Chaiser,  second  vice-president;  Rev.  C.  Treider,  sec- 
retary; George  P.  Bay,  treasurer;  Dr.  Odelia  Blinn,  medical  superintendent; 
C.  R.  Matson,  counsel.  Directors — All  officers,  and  Mrs.  Dr.  Gunsaulus, 
Miss  C.  Addie  Brown,  Rev.  A.  Hallmer,  Alice  J.  Johnson  and  Henry  L. 
Hertz. 

Home  for  the  Frie ndless.—  Located  at  1926  Wabash  avenue.  Take 
Wabash  avenue  cable  line.  Established  in  1858.  Officers— A.  C.  Bartlett, 
president ;  F.  D.  Gray,  vice-president ;  Mrs.  Thomas  A.  Hill,  corresponding 
secretary  ;  Mrs.  C.  Gilbert  Wheeler,  recording  secretary ;  W.  C.  Nichols, 
treasurer;  Miss  A.  Z.  Rexford,  superintendent,  and  Miss  E.  T.  Colburn, 
assistant  superintendent.  Average  number  of  inmates  about  200.  During 
1890  there  were  1,435  admissions,  1,144  dismissals  and  9  deatbs.  At  the 
beginning  of  1890  there  was  in  the  treasury  a  cash  balance  of  $6,616.90.  Of 
those  admitted  during  1890,  763  were  Protestants,  642  Catholics,  and  40 
Jews.  The  largest  number  received  in  one  month  was  182,  in  October,  and 
the  smallest  72,  in  February.  Thirty-two  children  were  surrendered  to  the 
home  and  fifty-eight  found  homes  of  adoption.  This  is  one  of  the  most  inter- 
esting charitable  institutions  in  the  city.  From  small  beginnings  it  has  grown 
and  prospered  until  the  income  of  the  Home  is  now  about  $21,000  per  annum, 
which  includes  the  Crerar  bequest.  Ten  years  ago  the  whole  work  of  the 
home  was  conducted  in  what  is  now  known  as  the  main  building,  or  the  north 
and  south  wings.  Since  that  time  there  has  been  erected,  atacostof  $35,000, 
ft  part  of  the  generous  bequest  of  Mr.  Hobart  Taylor,  the  addition  called  by 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  183 

his  name,  which  has  nearly  doubled  the  capacity  of  the  home.  It  contains 
the  "  Shelter  "  and  bath-room  for  transient  inmates,  two  laundries,  the  linen- 
room,  girls'  department,  including  dormitory,  bath  and  store  rooms,  the 
infirmary,  dispensary  and  nursery.  The  records  also  show  that  during  tne 
last  ten  years  a  procession  of  20,167  women  and  children  have  passed  through 
these  open  doors,  and  here  halted  for  assistance,  material  and  moral,  which 
was  offered  without  distinction  of  color,  race,  religion,  or  language,  so  long 
as  the  applicant  seamed  to  be  overborne  in  the  fierce  struggle  for  life.  Among 
the  throng  hundreds  of  deserted  wives  and  mothers  are  included,  who  fre- 
quently bring  with  them  their  little  broods  to  be  cared  for  in  this  tranquil 
nest.  The  hospitality,  including  rest,  good  food,  encouragement,  sympathy 
and  advice,  is  freely  tendered  to  all  belonging  to  the  class  of  worthy  poor,  as 
specifically  laid  down  in  the  charter.  During  the  last  ten  years  about 
3.400  children,  including  day  scholars,  have  been  enrolled  as  pupils  in  the 
Home  School,  in  which  are  taught  the  branches  of  the  primary  department  and 
the  graded  grammar  school.  In  the  industrial  class,  since  1879.  about  350 
girls,  between  the  ages  of  12  and  16,  have  been  taught  sewing,  housework 
and  elementary  cooking,  thereby  being  prepared  to  earn  a  respectable  living 
when  they  go  out  into  the  world.  Perhaps  the  most  important  feature  in  the 
general  work  of  the  home  is  the  arrangement  by  which  children  are  adopted 
who  have  been  neglected  or  abandoned  by  their  parents.  During  ten  years 
734  children  have  been  legally  ' '  surrendered  "  to  the  home,  which  has  found 
permanent  places  for  nearly  all  that  number  with  reputable  families. 

It  is  stated  in  the  act  of  incorporation,  "  The  object  and  purposes  of  the 
Chicago  Home  for  the  Friendless  shall  be  the  relieving,  aiding  and  providing 
homes  for  friendless  and  indigent  women  and  children."  The  middle-aged 
women  at  the  home  are  usually  transients.  A  woman  is  out  of  work,  or  a 
stranger,  and  has  no  money  to  get  a  lodging.  She  makes  her  way  to  the 
Home,  where  all  are  received  except  the  unfortunate  victim  of  drink,  for 
whom  there  is  no  immediate  place  but  the  police  station.  After  admission 
the  new  guest  is  provided  with  a  hot  bath,  and,  if  she  desires,  some  clean 
clothes.  She  is  then  givtn  a  good  meal,  and,  as  it  is  usually  at  night  that 
such  applications  are  made,  she  is  taken  to  a  comfortable  bed.  In  the 
morning,  after  breakfast,  she  is  expected  to  help  during  the  forenoon  with 
the  work  of  the  house,  and  then  she  can  have  the  rest  of  the  day  to  look  for 
employment  outside.  Sometimes  such  women  stay  for  a  week  or  two  weeks 
before  they  find  work,  and  they  are  made  to  feel  at  home  during  that  time. 
In  what  is  called  the  "Industrial  School,"  young  girls — or  women  who 
seriously  desire  to  learn — are  taken,  and,  while  kept  as  inmates  of  the  home 
for  such  time  as.  would  be  required,  are  taught  sewing  and  housekeeping. 
The  children  in  the  home  are  mostly  those  who  have  been  abandoned  by  their 
parents  and  picked  up  by  the  officers  of  the  Humane  Society.  They  come, 
of  course,  in  different  ways,  but  criminal  neglect  by  their  parents  is  the 
usual  cause  of  their  suffering.  Children  under  nine  months  are  not  received 
at  this  institution.  But  those  above  that  age,  up  to  six  or  seven  years,  can 
be  found  running  around  their  nurseries  and  play-rooms  with  as  much  vigor 
and  heartiness  as  if  the  world  belonged  to  them.  When  a  child  first  appears 
at  the  home,  it  is  the  invariable  rule  that  it  shall  be  sent  to  quarantine 
quarters,  at  the  top  of  the  building,  for  fourteen  days.  There  is  scarcely 
ever  any  sickness  in  this  quarantine,  but  considering  the  places  from  which 
most  of  the  children  are  brought,  it  is  considered  prudent  to  isolate  them. 


184  (J(  IDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

After  the  two  weeks' purification  process,  the  managers  of  the  institution  try 
to  find  a  permanent  home  for  the  waifs,  and,  if  they  are  not  claimed  by 
parents  or  guardians  before  six  montha,  an  officer  of  the  home  goes  before  a 
judge  and  is  appointed  the  legal  guardian.  The  parents  or  guardians  also 
may  voluntarily  surrender  all  right  to  a  child,  after  which  it  becomes  the 
ward  of  the  home,  and  at  the  earliest  opportunity  is  placed  out  with 
respectable  people,  on  trial  for  three  months.  If  such  trial  proves  agreeable, 
both  for  child  and  caretakers,  the  little  one  is  usually  adopted  and  becomes 
"  part  of  the  family."  Visitors  are  always  welcome  between  the  hours  of  10 
A.  M.  and  noon,  and  1  and  4 p.  M. 

Home  for  the  Jews. — Organized  in  1891.  Large  endowments  have  been 
received  by  this  projected  institution.  It  is  not  yet  fully  established.  The 
directory  is  composed  of:  Mrs.  M.  A.  Meyer,  Mrs.  Charles  H.  Schwab,  Mrs. 
H.  Klopfer,  Mrs.  Dora  Frank,  Mrs.  Louis  Newberger,  Mrs.  B.  J.  David,  Mrs. 
Emma  Stern,  Mrs.  Max  Hart,  Mrs.  Julia  Bernheimer,  Morris  Rosenbaum, 
Abram  Slimmer,  Nelson  Morris,  II.  A.  Kohn,  H.  L.  Frank,  B.  Kuppen- 
heimer,  J.  Rosenbaum,  Simon  Mandel,  B.  Lowenthal,  B.  Calm,  Harry  Hart, 
Moses  Born,  H.  E.  Greenbaum,  A.  Kuh,  E.  Frankenthal,  D.  A.  Kohn. 

Home  of  Industry. — Located  at  234  and  236  Honore  street,  West  Bide. 
Take  Van  Buren  street  car.  William  S.  Potwin,  president;  Albert  M.  Day, 
treasurer;  Charles  M.  Howe,  secretary;  B.  M.  Butler,  Albert  M.  Day,  Thomas 
Kane.  William  S.  Potwin,  Charles  M.  Howe,  Mrs.  T.  B.  Carse,  Joseph  B. 
Locke  and  H.  J.  Coon,  directors;  A.  C.  Dodds,  superintendent.  The  Home 
of  Industry  was  organized  by  Michael  Dunn,  a  reformed  criminal,  who  had 
spent  over'thirty  years  of  his  life  in  penal  institutions  all  over  the  world. 
Dunn's  history  as  a  criminal  is  somewhat  interesting.  He  is  a  native  of  Eng- 
land and  was  born  and  reared  a  criminal.  When  only  seven  years  old  Dunn 
was  first  consigned  to  prison  for  a  petty  theft  of  which  he  was  convicted. 
Imprisonment  seemed  to  do  him  no  good,  and  up  to  the  time  he  was  thirty 
years  old  be  had  been  confined  in  prison  half  a  dozen  times  and  had  been 
sent  to  various  English  penal  settlements,  but  always  returned  to  his  old 
tricks.  Finally,  the  English  government  paid  his  passage  to  America  to 
get  rid  of  him,  and  he  began  in  this  country  the  same  career  that  had  caused 
him  so  much  trouble  in  the  land  from  which  he  had  been  driven.  He  was 
frequently  in  pr'son  in  various  parts  of  the  United  States,  and  finally,  about 
ten  years  ago,  after  spending  almost  his  entire  life  in  penal  servitude  in  both 
hemispheres,  he  became  reformed  and  started  out  to  aid  and  better  the  rest 
of  the  class  which  he  had  left.  Dunn  is  now  about  sixty  years  old.  He  has 
the  look  of  a  criminal,  and  most  people  would  hardly  believe  that  he  could 
e  anything  else,  but  those  who  know  him  best  and  have  been  brought  into 
contact  with  him  through  the  founding  of  these  places  of  refuge  do  not 
doubt  his  complete  reformation.  When  at  last  Dunn  did  see  "the  error  of 
his  way, "he  conceived  the  idea  of  providing  homes  for  discharged  crimi- 
nals, where  they  might  retire  till  an  opportunity  was  afforded  to  earn  an  hon- 
est living.  The  first  refuge  he  instituted  was  in  New  York.  He  then  went 
to  San  Francisco  and  started  another.  He  then  founded  the  one  here  in  Chi- 
cago and  afterward  another  in  Detroit.  There  are  at  present  in  the  Chicago 
Home  of  Industry  about  a  dozen  convicts.  The  average  term  of  their  retire- 
ment there  is  about  two  weeks.  In  connection  with  the  institution  is  a 
broom  factory,  where  every  one  who  is  taken  in  has  to  earn  his  living  or  do 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 

"THE  TEMPLE"— LA  SALLE  AND  MONROE  STREET^ 

[See  "  Guide."] 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  185 

as  much  towards  it  as  he  can.  The  Institution  is  not  self-supporting  and  has 
to  depend  quite  largely  on  public  charity.  Most  of  the  inmates  of  the  place 
come  from  Joliet  and  Michigan  City,  the  nearest  prisons  to  thin  city,  but  the 
place  has  been  a  refuge  for  prisoners  from  most  every  penal  institution  in  the 
country.  Superintendent  Dodds  usually  receives  from  most  oZ  the  prisons 
a  monthly  discharge  list.  To  prisoners  Wr>  are  aoout  to  ue  set  at  liberty  he 
sends  circulars  telling  of  therefugo  and  u.e  advantages  to  bo  found  in  it. 
No  convicts  are  received  except  on  recommendation  ^f  tin  rTardon  or  chap- 
lain of  the  prison  in  which  they  were  last  confined,  unless  ';•  7  con  convince 
the  superintendent  of  a  desire  to  reform  and  lead  a  better  1'ue.  Everyone 
who  stays  there  must  do  something  toward  his  own  support,  ruid  all  who 
enter  must  work  or  go  elsewhere.  The  aid  and  influence  of  the  superintend- 
ent are  extended  to  all  of  them  who  seek  honest  employment,  and  any 
inmate  desiring  to  seek  work  outside  is  allowed  half  a  day  each.  week,  or 
more,  at  the  discretion  of  the  management.  The  ex-convicts  arc  not  encour- 
aged to  stay,  but,  on  the  contrary,  are  given  all  possible  assistance  in  finding 
work  outside. 

The  institution  enforces  a  set  of  rules  for  the  conduct  of  the  inmates  of 
the  home.  They  are  required  to  be  particular  as  to  personal  cleanliness. 
Total  abstinence  from  intoxicants  has  to  be  observed.  Smoking  is  permitted 
only  in  certain  places,  and  profane  language  is  not  tolerated.  A  rising  and 
a  breakfast  bell  are  rung,  and  inmates  are  required  to  be  in  bed  at  10 o'clock. 
Every  inmate  is  charged  with  the  care  of  his  own  room,  and  all  are  required 
to  attend  morning  and  evening  prayers  unless  excused  by  the  superintendent. 
Any  violation  of  the  rules  subjects  the  offender  to  immediate  dismissal. 
Only  men  are  received  in  the  home.  They  are  taught  wayo  of  frugality, 
industry  and  economy,  and  most  of  them  are  susceptible  to  those  teachings.  A 
record  is  kept  of  the  life  of  every  man  who  enters  the  place,  but  that  record 
is  an  inviolable  secret  to  all  but  the  superintendent.  After  the  name  of  each 
candidate  are  made  entries  about  his  marital  condition,  his  parentage,  his 
birthplace,  his  religion,  the  prison  in  which  he  was  last  confined,  the  length 
of  his  sentence,  his  education  and  occupation,  the  crime  for  which  he  was 
convicted  and  its  cause.  A  page  of  Superintendent  Dodds'  book  of  record 
is  a  most  eloquent  temperance  lecture.  Drink  has  led  most  of  his  boarders 
into  trouble,  though  their  detention  in  prison  can  be  traced  back  to  all  kinds 
of  vice.  Many  of  the  younger  ones  assign  bad  company  as  the  cause  of  their 
downfall;  others  have  gambled  themselves  into  theft;  still  others  have  been 
educated  as  criminals,  and  a  few  state  that  it  is  their  natural  inclination  to 
steal.  The  column  of  Mr.  Dodds'  book  which  keeps  the  record  of  all  dis- 
missals from  the  Home  is  interesting.  In  it  are  to  be  found  such  entries  as 
"  found  good  employment  as  a  harness-maker;"  "a  hypocritical  thief, 
bounced  without inercy ; "  "found  good  position,  clear  case  of  conversion; " 
' '  went  out  to  look  for  work,  lost  on  the  way  back ; "  "  went  home  to  friends;" 
"put  out  for  lying; "  "  left  to  go  wandering,"  and  many  others  of  the  same 
kind.  Every  man  is  paid  for  his  work  in  the  place  from  the  time  he  enters, 
according  to  the  degree  of  proficiency  he  has  acquired.  Many  of  them  turn 
out  well  and  return  to  their  homes  to  lead  honest  lives.  Mr.  Dodds  is  con- 
stantly receiving  letters  from  such  men,  thanking  him  for  the  benefits  of  the 
institution. 

Home  of  Providence.—  Located  at  Calumet  ave.  and  Twenty-sixth  St., 
adjoining  Mercy  Hospital.  Take  Cottage  Grove  cable  line.  An  institution 
for  the  care  and  protection  of  young  women.  Conducted  by  the  Sisters  of 
Mercy.  Sister  Mary  M.  Angela,  superior. 


186  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

Home  of  the  Aged. — Located  at  West  Harrison  and  Throop  streets.  Take 
West  Harrison  street  car.  Conducted  by  the  Little  Sisters  of  the  Poor,  who 
depend  for  the  maintenance  of  the  institution  entirely  upon  the  alms  which 
they  solicit.  The  building  is  a  veiy  large,  plain,  brick  structure  arid  is  gen- 
erally crowded  with  inmates,  whose  ages  vary  between  60  and  100  years. 
It  is  a  worthy  charity  and  the  Little  Sisters,  who  have  a  method  of  seeking 
alms  peculiar  to  themselves  are  generally  popular  among  the  business  people, 
of  the  city,  who  give  them  liberal  Contributions.  They  never  beg,  simply 
stating  who  and  what  they  are  and  If  an  unfavorable  response  is  given 
they  walk  silently  away,  withrut .  laldng  further  appeal.  The  Little  Sisters 
are  a  French  order.  They  1\ave  'A7O  institutions  in  the  city. 

House  of  The  Good  Shepherd.  -^Located  at  North  Market  and  Hill  sts. 
Take  Market  st.  car.  Conducted  by  the  Sisters  of  the  Good  Shepherd 
— Superior,  Mother  Plary  \ngeliquc.  This  institution  is  a  haven  and  a 
reformatory  for  fallen  women  desiring  to  rise  out  of  their  condition,  and  is 
one  of  the  most  extensive  M  well  ac  one  of  the  most  useful  charities  in  the 
city. 

Hull  House. — Hull  House  is  the  title  by  which  is  known  a  social  settle- 
ment of  women  established  at  335  So.  Halsted  street  Its  purpose  is  to  fur- 
ish  an  intellectual  and  social  center  for  the  surrounding  neighborhood.  There 
is  no  organization,  and  the  residents  pay  their  own  expenses.  Miss  Culver, 
the  owner  of  the  property,  gives  the  rent,  and  various  friends  furnish  a  small 
fund  for  contingent  expenses.  Mr.  Edward  Butler  has  erected  a  tire-proof 
art  building  in  which  are  an  art  exhibit  room,  a  studio  and  a  station  of  the 
free  public  library.  Hull  House  carries  on  a  free  kindergarten  composed 
largely  of  Italian  children.  In  a  separate  cottage  is  a  day  nursery  where 
mothers,  who  are  obliged  to  work  away  from  home,  may  bring  their  children 
to  be  cared  for  and  fed  during  the  day  for  a  charge  of  five  cents  each.  A 
well  equipped  diet  kitchen  furnishes  specially  prepared  food  for  the  sick, 
which  is  sold  at  the  cost  of  the  material,  or,  if  necessary,  given  away  upon 
recommendation  of  the  visiting  district  nurse.  A  free  gymnasium  is  now 
opfn  which  is  used  three  evenings  in  the  week  by  men  and  boys,  and  three 
evenings  by  women  and  girls.  There  are  various  free  afternoon  sewing 
classes  for  girls,  and  clubs  for  small  boys,  and  evening  social  and  literary 
clubs  for  girls  and  young  men.  Weekly  free  concerts  or  lectures  are  held  to 
which  all  who  vibit  the  House  are  invited.  Five  evenings  in  the  week  College 
Extension  courses  are  given  for  which  a  fee  of  fifty  cents  per  course  of 
twelve  weeks  is  charged.  The  average  number  of  students  in  these  classes  is 
about  "175,  while  the  total  average  number  of  persons  who  visit  the  House 
weekly  to  attend  the  various  classes  and  clubs  is  about  800. 

Margaret  Etter  C;\' :hc  7%nflergc;'ten. — Located  at  2356  Wabash  avenue. 
Take  Wabash  avenue  cabb  line.  Established  August  3,  1885.  One  of  the 
noblest  charities  in  "lie  city.  cares  for  the  ch'ldren  of  mothers  who  are 
compelled  to  work  owl  Jos  ~  "r  ing.  T'xc  -ttendance  for  the  five  years  of  the 
creche's  existence  show.?-  a :  ir,r.  ;lous  •  ffth-.  August,  1885,  to  October,  1886, 
2,136;  October  1,  1386, to  G'cto:  :r  1,  188r.  i),C6L ;  October  1,  1887,  to  October 
1,  1888,  3,562;  October  1,  13d8.  to  OC;A>*O::  1,  1  89,  4,253;  October  1,  1889,  to 
October  1,  1890,  '^,592.  But  t^e  ex  ens^"  d.  not  show  a  commensurate 
increase,  being  as  follows:  First  ye*-,  3?.,?l.\48;  second  year,  $1.383.84; 
third  year,  $1,375.7  ),  fourth  year,  $1,  9  .5r  iiff  year,  $2,007.16.  Besides 
the  day  nursery  a  kindergarten  's  carri  •  1  c  -,  ?iit  it  in  no  way  counts  on  the 
treasury  of  the  creche.  The  assistance  of  charitably-inclined  people  is 
necessary  to  the  maintenance  of  the  ;recho. 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  18t 

Masonic  Orphans'  Home. — Located  at  447  Carroll  ave.  and  Sheldon  st. 
Cares  for  about  thirty  children,  but  has  accommodation  for  about  seventy -five, 
and  is  supported  by  voluntary  contributions  from  city  and  State. 

Newsboys'  and  Bootblacks'  Home. — Located  at  1418  Wabash  ave.  W.  H. 
Rand,  president;  E.  P.  Bailey,  auditor;  H.  N.  Higinbotham,  treasurer; 
James  Frake,  secretary  ;  Eliza  W.  Bowman,  matron.  Board  of  directors  :  A. 
C.  Bartlett,  H.  N.  Higinbotham,  Wm.  H.  Rand,  James  Frake, FrankP.  Lef- 
fingwell,  A.  P.  Millar,  Edward  P.  Bailey,  J.  K.  Stearns,  Melville  E.  Stone, 
Wm.  K.  Ackerman.  Lady  managers :  Mrs.  T.  W.  Baxter,  Mrs.  M.  E.  Stone, 
Mrs.  M.  E.  Clark,  Mrs.  Jas.  Frake,  Mrs.  J.  L.  Lombard,  Mrs.  A.  P.  Millar, 
Miss  Abbey  Pierce,  Mrs.  Robt.  A.  Williams,  Mrs.  J.  C.  Stirling.  Take 
Wabash  avenue  cable  line.  This  institution  has  been  in  existence  over 
twenty-three  years.  It  had  its  inception  in  the  Chicago  Industrial  School 
from  which  a  charter  was  obtained  in  1867,  theincorporators  being  Jonathan 
Burr,  John  V.  Farwell,  William  Blair,  William  E.  Doggett,  J.  Y.  Scammon,  C. 
G.  Wicker,  Eli  Bates,  Philo  Carpenter,  J.S.  Reynolds  and  E.F.  Dickinson.  This 
industrial  school  was  very  soon  merged  into  the  home  and  was  the  first 
movement  to  assist  helpless  street  children  in  Chicago.  The  object  of  the 
institution  is  "to  provide  a  good  Christian  hcme  for  newsboys  and  boot- 
blacks and  other  unprotected  homeless  boys.  Also  to  aid  them  in  finding 
homes  and  employment  in  either  city  or  country."  While  the  doors  of  the 
home  have  always  been  open  and  a  requestfor  shelter  and  food  has  been  all 
thnt  was  necessary  to  obtain  admittance,  in  order  to  foster  independence  and 
self-help  the  small  sum  of  15c.  is  charged  for  supper,  breakfast  and  lodging. 
If,  however,  a  boy  is  not  able  to  pay  "  banner,"  as  all  charges  for  entertain- 
ment are  called  by  street  boys,  he  is  still  entertained.  Provision  is  made  for 
destitute  boys  by  giving  them  work  and  small  amount  of  money  for  starts  by 
which  they  are  able  to  earn  what  is  required  for  their  immediate  living 
expenses.  The  Newsboys'  Appeal,  a  small  paper  published  in  the  interests  of 
the  Home,  giving  inside  news,  etc. 

Although  the  Home  is  not  entirely  self-supporting,  there  is  no  soliciting 
done  in  its  interests.  Previous  to  the  fire,  a  lot  on  Quincy  street  was  given  to 
the  Home  upon  which  a  small  building  was  erected.  After  the  fire,  through 
the  assistance  of  the  Relief  and  Aid  Society,  a  brick  building  was  built, 
which,  together  with  the  lot,  was  later  sold  to  Marshall  Field  &  Co.  for 
commercial  purposes  for  $50,000.  The  directors  bought  the  present  location 
out  of  the  amount  and  the  balance  Is  used  for  current  expenses. 

The  rules  of  the  institution  are  simple,  and  are  onlysuch  as  are  necessary 
to  the  well-being  of  the  boys — and  a  wise,  kindly,  personal  interest  is  taken  in 
every  boy  who  is  sheltered  there — although  they  are  constantly  coming  and 
going,  and  an  average  of  something  more  than  a  thousand  are  entertained 
each  year.  A  careful  record  of  every  boy  who  is  taken  into  the  institution  Is 
kept,  together  with  as  much  of  his  history  as  can  be  obtained, and  these  records 
are  replete  with  the  pathetic  results  of  human  selfishness.  No  insignificant 
number  of  these  boys  have  parents  living  who  are  comfortably  off,  but,  hav- 
ing been  divorced,  each  has  married  again,  and  with  one  accord  refused  to 
care  for  their  child,  who,  of  ton  at  a  tender  age,  was  obliged  to  shift  for  him- 
self, and  so  drifted  into  this  haven  for  destitute,  forsaken  boys.  There  are 
others  who  have  never  knowjn  their  parents,  and  still  others  whose  parents 
are  drunken,  shiftless,  ' '  ne'er-do-wells,"  and  a  few  who  have  run  away  from 


188  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

home  for  one  cause  or  another.  These  last  are  induced,  if  possible,  to  return 
to  their  homes,  and  their  parents  are  communicated  with,  but  no  boy  is 
refused  shelter  and  food,  whatever  the  cause  for  which  he  stands  in  need 
of  it. 

There  is  a  night  school  four  evenings  in  a  week  from  7:30  to  9  o'clock 
which  the  boys  are  required  to  attend,  and,  where  it  is  deemed  advisable, 
other  instruction  is  provided.  The  institution  is  intended  for  a  temporary 
home,  the  chief  aim  being  to  provide  permanent  employment  for  the  boys 
who  come  there  from  all  parts  of  the  world.  The  management  of  the  Home 
co-operates  with  the  Humane  Society  and  other  kindred  organizations,  and  in 
this  way  keeps  pretty  thoroughly  informed  in  regard  to  homeless  boys. 

Miss  Eliza  W.  Bowman,  who  has  been  the  matron  of  the  Home  for  the 
past  seven  years,  is  a  person  admirably  fitted  for  the  difficult  position  which 
she  fills  with  apparent  ease  and  with  satisfaction  to  all  concerned.  She  is  in 
hearty  sympathy  with  the  boys,  and  believes  unswervingly  that  a  good  and 
useful  life  is  possible  to  most  of  them.  It  was  through  an  experiment  tried  by 
Miss  Bowman  that  a  somewhat  new  departure  is  being  carried  out  at  the 
Home.  She  found  that  the  larger  boys  are  often  in  a  more  unfortunate  con- 
dition than  the  smaller  ones,  and  that  often  their  greatest  need  is  means  to 
get  on  while  they  are  making  a  start.  She  therefore  resolved  to  undertake 
herself  to  make  several  of  these  boys  presentable,  assist  them  in  getting  places 
to  work  and  furnish  them  funds,  as  a  loan,  until  such  time  as  they  should  be 
paid  for  their  work.  The  boys  proved  honest  and  industrious,  with  scarcely 
an  exception,  and  the  plan  was  a  success.  Miss  Bowman  reported  the  result 
of  her  experiment  to  the  managing  board,  which  approved  this  method  of 
assisting  the  boys  and  made  it  a  part  of  the  work  of  the  Home.  In  this  con- 
nection Miss  Bowman  makes  an  interesting  statement  which  is  full  of  hope 
for  the  philanthropist.  She  says  that  when  once  a  boy  has  become  self- 
supporting  and  has  tasted  the  pleasure  of  honest  independence  he  is  rarely 
ever  willing  again  to  take  to  the  street  life  which,  as  a  rule,  he  is  obliged  to 
adopt  in  his  early  struggle  for  existence. 

The  Home,  which  is  located  at  1418  '''abash  avenue,  is  one  of  the 
few  places  where  a  boy  can  go  to  make  himself  tidy  and  get  a  clean  shirt, 
If  need  be,  in  the  city.  The  dean  shirt  is  always  on  call,  and  partly  worn 
garments  of  this  kind  are  accepted  with  enthusiasm  at  the  Home.  Indeed, 
Miss  Bowman  prefers  the  shirt  which  has  been  worn,  as  one  that  is  quite  new 
the  boys  are  likely  to  sell  for  what  they  can  get  for  it,  as  when  they  first 
come  to  the  Home  they  are  quite  likely  to  consider  it  an  extravagance  to  wear 
anything  which  can  be  exchanged  for  money. 

Odd  Fellows'  Orphans'  Home. — Located  at  Lincoln,  111.,  156  miles  south  of 
Chicago.  Take  Chicago  &  Alton  or  Illinois  Central  train  This  is  an  insti- 
tution forthe  orphan  children,  male  and  female,  of  Odd  Fellows.  Buildings 
erected  on  a  site  presented  by  citizens  of  Lincoln.  Corner-stone  laid  April 
26,  1891. 

Old  People's  Home. — Indiana  ave.  and  Thirty-ninth  st.  Take  Indiana 
ave.  car  on  Wabash  ave.  cable  line.  Founded  about  thirty  years  ago  by  a 
humble  seamstress,  who  resided  on  Third  ave.  She  had  accumulated  a  little 
money  and  bought  her  a  home.  She  found  hen-elf  growing  old,  and  belong- 
ing to  that  respectable  legion  designated  "  the  old  maids,"  without  immediate 
family,  conceived  the  laudable  idea  of  establishing  some  institution  or  home 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  189 

that  would  assist  in  alleviating  the  sorrows  and  sufferings  she  saw  about  her. 
This  ambition  she  laid  before  her  pastor,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Boyd,  and  acting  under 
his  advice  a  home  was  established  for  the  care  of  indigent  old  ladies.  They 
first  occupied  a  small  frame  house  near  the  home  of  this  kind-hearted  woman. 
She  was  made  matron  and  Dr.  Boyd  first  president.  It  was  not  long  until 
the  public  was  interested  in  Samantha  Smith  and  her  humble  charity.  Find- 
ing after  the  first  few  years  the  cramped  quarters  of  so  small  a  house  inade- 
quate, Miss  Smith  gave  up  her  own  more  commodious  dwelling,  together  with 
its  entire  furnishings,  for  the  uses  of  the  institution,  and  its  charges  were 
transferred  thereto  without  delay.  Miss  Smith  continued  for  some  years 
longer  as  matron  and  then,  for  reasons  not  explained,  retired  from  the  duties. 
From  Third  ave.  the  Old  Ladies'  Home  removed  to  Indiana  ave.,  near  Twenty- 
sixth  St.,  where  it  occupied  an  old  frame  building  for  several  years.  After 
the  great  fire  it  received  from  the  Relief  and  Aid  Society  the  sum  of  $50,000, 
which  was  used  as  the  nucleus  of  a  building  fund,  and  the  latter  part  of  1873 
found  them  established  in  their  present  commodious  home.  Later  on  the 
vacant  lots  between  them  and  the  corner  of  Thirty-ninth  st.  were  purchased, 
thus  adding  158x100  feet  to  their  property.  This  donation  from  the  Relief 
and  Aid  Society  was  given  under  the  conditions  that  the  name  should  be 
changed  to  read ' '  The  Old  People's  Home,"  and  indigent  old  gentlemen  were  to 
be  admitted  as  well  as  ladies,  the  Relief  and  Aid  Society  to  have  control  of 
twenty  rooms  for  the  benefit  of  its  own  pi*  eges.  Old  gentlemen  have  never 
as  yet  been  admitted,  although  it  was  intended,  some  time  ago,  to  build  at 
the  north  end  of  the  home  building  a  wing  or  addition  especially  for  them. 
The  management  does  not  consider  this  idea  feasible,  however,  and  the  old 
gentlemen's  home  will  be  located  farther  out,  where  they  may  have  vegetable 
and  flower  gardens  and  trees  and  plants  to  cultivate.  This  institution,  in 
common  with  many  others  of  our  city  charities,  is  an  heir  of  the  late  John 
Crerar  and  receives  by  his  munificence  an  addition  of  $50,000  to  their  funds. 
There  are  at  present  sixty-eight  inmates,  so  that  the  capacity  is  very  nearly 
reached.  The  rooms  pertaining  to  the  Relief  and  Aid  Society  are  always  occu- 
pied, admittance  to  them  being  absolutely  free.  Of  all  other  inmates  an  ad- 
mission fee  of  $300  is  charged,  the  applicant  being  required  to  furnish  her 
own  room.  They  first  enter  upon  six  months'  probation,  and  if  the  board  of 
managers  for  any  reason  should  not  deem  it  expedient  to  make  them  perma- 
nent inmates  the -honorarium  or  admission  fee  paid  will  be  returned,  less  $3 
per  week  for  each  week  she  has  been  an  inmate.  Each  applicant  is  visited 
at  her  abiding  place  by  a  special  committee,  and  all  particulars  of  her  needs 
and  deserts  investigated  before  her  application  is  brought  before  the  board  of 
managers.  Applicants  admitted  must  be  absolutely  eligible  in  every  particu- 
lar. She  must  be  at  least  45  years  of  age  and  of  good  character,  and  must  be 
able  to  show  that  she  has  no  adequate  means  of  support ;  she  must  have  been 
a  resident  of  Chicago  for  the  two  previous  years,  and  if  she  has  children  who 
are  able  to  support  her  she  can  not  be  admitted.  While  the  rules  governing 
the  domestic  life  of  the  home  are  of  necessity  enforced  upon  all  alike,  they  are 
so  kindly  intentioned  th  at  obedience  sits  but  lightly  upon  the  reasoning  member 
who  appreciates  the  perfect  harmony  the  regulations  insure.  Yet  the  man- 
agement of  sixty-eight  old  people,  whose  habits  and  natures  are  their  own  and 
unchangeable,  is  quite  different  from  governing  an  institution  given  over  to 
children,  whose  plastic  minds  conform  easily  to  environment.  It  is  quite 
singular  that  the  youngest  matron  in  the  city  should  be  found  in  charge  of 
the  oldest  people. 


190  GUIDE  TO  CHICAGO. 

Pioneer  Aid  and  Support  Association. — This  society  was  organized  to 
support  the  families  of  those  executed  for  participation  In  the  Haymarket 
massacre  and  those  who  are  now  at  Joliet. 

School  for  Deaf  and  Dumb. — Located  at  409  May  street,  West  Side.  Con- 
ducted by  the  religious  of  the  Holy  Heart  of  Mary  and  supported  by  the  Eph- 
pheta  Society;  Mrs.  John  Cudahy,  president.  Following  are  the  directresses: 
Mesdames  John  Cudahy,  R.  P.  Travers,  N.  S.  Jones,  W.  F.  McLaughlin, 
Starr,  J.  B.  Sullivan,  James  Eagle,  Thomas  Duffy,  J.  J.  Egan,  M.  Cudahy, 
McLaughlin,  J.A.  Mulligan,  J.  H.  Drury,  J.  B.  Inderrieden,  Z.  P.  Brosseau, 
W.  A.  Amberg,  M.  Shields,  E.  A.  Matthiessen,  James  Walsh,  A.  W.  Green, 
M.  Sullivan,  F.  Henrotin,  Morris  Sellers,  W.  J.  Quan,  Thos.  Lonergan,  W.  P. 
Rend.  The  average  number  of  deaf  mutes  in  the  school  is  about  fifty,  and 
four  experienced  teachers  are  employed.  Mrs.  John  Cudahy  has  devoted  a 
great  deal  of  her  time  to  this  noble  charity,  as  have  also  the  other  ladies 
named. 

Servite  Sisters'  Industrial  Home  for  Girls. — Located  at  1396  W.  Van 
Buren  street.  Take  Van  Buren  street  car  or  Madison  street  cable  line.  An  insti- 
tution for  the  care,  protection  and  training  of  girls  who  have  no  homes  or 
homes  unfit  for  them.  Conducted  by  the  Servile  Sisters  of  Mary.  Superior, 
Mother  Mary  Francis. 

Soldiers'  Home  Fund. — This  fund  amounts  to  about  $70,000  and  is  the  bal- 
ance left  from  the  result  of  the  great  Sanitary  Fair  held  in  Chicago  during 
the  early  part  of  the  war.  With  the  money  then  raised  was  established  a 
soldiers' rest  or  home,  where  troops  going  to  the  front  from  the  Northwest 
might  be  fed,  and,  if  necessary,  housed.  It  was  a  hospital,  too,  for  the 
wounded  and  sick  who  came  back  from  the  campaigns  they  had  made.  The 
first  home  was  in  an  old  hotel  at  No.  75  Randolph  street.  The  association 
was  incorporated  and  bought  property  at  Thirty-fifth  street  and  the  lake, 
where  the  Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylum  now  stands.  Here  a  house  was 
built.  Ladies  canvassed  the  city  for  $1  subscriptions  and  raised  a  large  sum 
in  this  way.  Mrs.  Bristol,  who  is  still  one  of  the  leading  spirits  of  the  associa- 
tion, canvassed  the  whole  of  the  North  Side,  then  a  series  of  scattering  vil- 
lages. The  Thirty -fifth  street  property  was  sold,  a  block  bought  in  South 
Evanston,  and  a  house  built  with  part  of  the  proceeds  of  the  sale.  Some  of 
the  money  was  loaned  on  property  on  the  North  Side,  and  the  rest  on  a  block 
on  State  street,  near  Archer  avenue.  The  mortgages  on  both  pieces  of  prop- 
erty had  to  be  foreclosed,  and  the  association  still  owns  the  State  street  prop- 
erty. That  on  the  North  Side  was  sold,  and  the  money  is  now  loaned  out  at 
interest.  When  the  Government  had  established  soldiers'  homes  there  was 
no  longer  a  necessity  for  maintaining  the  one  here.  The  property  was 
therefore  sold  and  the  proceeds  converted  into  a  relief  fund. 

This  fund  has  remained  intact.  It  has  not  increased,  because  its  entire 
revenue  has  been  expended  in  relieving  those  who  were  worthy  of  relief. 
Not  one  dollar  of  the  fund  has  ever  been  devoted  to  any  other  purpose,  except 
that  annually  $100  is  paid  for  the  use  of  a  room  in  which  to  disburse  the 
money  and  for  the  services  of  a  clerk.  The  officers  of  the  association  have  not 
made  a  charge  of  even  so  much  as  five  cents  for  street-carfare,  although  they 
regularly  and  systematically  visit  their  pensioners  and  devote  much  time  and 
labor  to  their  work.  Each  month  they  pay  out  about  $800,  the  number  of 
recipients  of  their  bounty  varying  from  sixty  to  seventy-five. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  191 

The  first  president  of  the  board  of  managers  was  T.  B.  Bryan.  He  still 
occupies  this  office.  Mrs.  L.  H.  Bristol,  who  disburses  the  fund,  also  enlisted 
in  1861,  and  has  not  yet  been  mustered  out.  Mrs.  William  H.  Myrick  and 
Mrs.  Dr.  Blain,  of  Hyde  Park,  are  the  only  other  members  of  the  first  board 
who  still  hold  their  positions.  The  treasurer  of  the  fund  is  Mrs.  J.  S.  Lewis. 
Other  members  of  the  board  of  managers  are  Mrs.  Brayman,  Mrs.  Dr.  Ham- 
mell,  Miss  Blakey,  Mrs.  Myra  Bradwell,  Justice  Brad  well,  General  Bever- 
idge.  and  Mr.  Henry  Bacon,  the  secretary.  The  first  Saturday  of  every 
month  Mrs.  Bristol,  the  disbursing  officer  of  the  board,  goes  to  the  roomscif 
the  Chicago  Relief  and  Aid  Society  to  hold  her  reception .  She  finds  waiting 
for  her  a  room  full  of  the  expectant  callers.  As  they  come  in  they  are  given 
numbered  tickets  fixing  the  order  in  which  they  shall  go  to  the  table  behind 
a  screen  and  receive  from  Mrs.  Bristol  the  $2,  $5,  or  $10,  or  whatever  sum 
the  case  calls  for.  Very  few  receive  as  much  as  $10. 

St.  Joseph's  Asylum  for  Boys. — Located  on  Crawford  avenue,  between  W. 
Diversy  street  and  Belmont  avenue.  Take  Milwaukee  avenue  car. 

St.  Joseph's  Home.  —Located  at  409  S.  May  street,  West  Side.  Take  Blue 
Island  avenue  or  Twelfth  street  car.  The  principal  object  of  this  institution 
is  to  afford  a  protecting  home  for  respectable  young  girls  out  of  employment, 
until  such  time  as  suitable  positions  are  secured  for  them,  either  as  domes- 
tics, sales  ladies,  cashiers,  book-keepers,  librarians,  etc.  The  terms  for  board 
are  regulated  according  to  the  accommodations  required,  ranging  in  price 
from  $2  to  $5  per  week.  There  are  a  number  of  private  rooms  in  the  build- 
ing, affording  nice  accommodationsto  thoseyoung  ladies  who  are  employed  in 
various  occupations  down  town  and  who  appreciate  the  quiet  rest  their  retreat 
here  affords  them  after  the  labors  and  bustle  of  the  day.  The  building  affords 
accommodations  for  over  200  persons  and  is  most  conveniently  and  comfortably 
arranged.  Ladies  who  remain  here  find  accommodations  superior  to  those 
afforded  in  hotels  at  a  very  high  figure,  not- at  all  taking  into  consideration 
the  home-like  quietness  they  enjoy,  and  the  many  spiritual  advantages 
besides.  The  institution  is  self-supporting. 

St.  Joseph's  Female  Orphan  Asylum. — His  Grace,  the  Most  Reverend 
Archbishop,  gives  this  institution  his  especial  attention.  It  is  conducted  by 
the  Sisters  of  the  Congregation  of  St.  Joseph,  whose  mother  home  is  in 
South  St.  bouis,  Mo. 

Since  1871,  it  is  located  on  Thirty-fifth  street  and  Lake  avenue,  and  was 
founded  in  1864.  From  the  inception,  the  management  has  not  ceased  to 
carry  out  its  true  object;  that  of  training  and  educating  destitute,  homeless 
children.  The  average  number  of  inmates  is  220.  The  asylum  has  no  endow- 
ments and  nothing  in  the  treasury;  and  it  is  only  by  the  most  pinching  econ- 
omy that  the  Sisters  are  enabled  to  make  both  ends  meet.  To  the  generosity 
of  Archbishop  Feehan  and  a  few  benefactors  who  give  constant  assistance, 
the  institution  derives  its  main  support.  The  children,  as  is  usually  under- 
stood, have  been  deprived  of  one  or  both  parents,  and  are  dependent  on  the 
charitable  for  their  instruction  and  happiness.  In  order  to  prepare  the  chil- 
dren for  a  life  of  usefulness,  the  Sisters  endeavor  to  train  them  in  household 
economy,  which  will  enable  them  to  be  successful  and  happy  in  whatever 
station  of  life  they  may  have  to  fill.  The  duty  in  asslstingin  different  parts  of 
the  house  is  assigned  to  each  child  according  to  her  age.  These  duties  are 


192  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

changed  occasionally,  giving  eveiy  child  by  this  means  a  knowledge  of  the 
necessity  of  order,  cleanliness,  economy  and  care  in  different  kinds  of  house- 
work. Their  work  consists  of  washing  dishes  sweeping  and  dusting  in  dor- 
mitories, refectory,  kitchen,  halls,  staircases  and  laundry.  They  also  have 
every  afternoon  several  sewing  classes.  The  larger  girls  learn  to  make  their 
dresses  and  other  industries,  the  second  size  make  the  underwear  for  their  use 
and  mend  their  clothes.  Being  taught  to  sew,  they  are  furnished  a  means  for 
the  future  by  which  they  can  save  their  earnings  by  doing  their  own  sewing. 
Another  source  of  improvement  and  recreation  is  the  library,  which  contains 
a  number  of  volumes  and  is  open  to  their  use  on  Sunday.  When  a  child  is 
received,  she  is  immediately  taken  to  the  bath-room,  where  she  is  thoroughly 
bathed  and  supplied  with  clean  garments.  A  number  is  given  her,  whichshe 
will  find  on  every  article  for  her  use,  that  she  may  thus  distinguish  her  comb, 
towel,  handkerchiefs,  hose,  books,  etc.,  from  those  used  by  her  companions. 
Those  who  bring  their  own  clothing  to  the  institution  are  allowed  to  wear  it. 
The  children  are  frequently  adopted  by  good  families  or  are  sent  out  into 
others  to  work,  while  it  is  understood  that  they  are  to  be  reared  in  a  respect- 
able manner.  A  glance  into  the  daily  routine  will  probably  give  a  better 
idea  of  the  management  of  the  institution.  At  5:30  o'clock  A.  M.  a  sister 
awakens  the  children,  who  are  to  assist  at  Mass  celebrated  in  the  asylum, 
which  commences  about  6;20  o'clock.  Shortly  after  Mass  they  repair  to  the 
refectory  for  breakfast.  After  breakfast  all  go  to  the  different  duties  which 
have  been  assigned  them,  in  the  dormitories,  school  rooms,  play  room,  etc. 
Tne  younger  children  go  directly  to  the  wash  room,  where  they  are  combed, 
washed  and  have  their  clean  aprons  put  on  for  school.  The  whole  house  is 
swept  and  dusted  every  day,  the  children  performing  this  task  under  the 
supervision  of  the  Sisters,  who  lend  their  assistance  and  teach  them  to  per- 
form their  work  neatly  and  thoroughly.  Great  promptitude  and  diligence 
are  necessary,  that  all  may  be  finished  at  the  first  school  bell,  which  rings  at 
8:30  o'clock.  At  the  first  bell,  the  children  who  have  been  assisting  in  the 
different  departments  are  sent  to  the  wash-room  to  make  their  toilets  and 
change  aprons  for  school.  At  9  o'clock  the  second  bell  rings  for  the  line  to 
form,  and  all  are  expected  to  repair  to  their  various  classes,  when  lessons  are 
began. 

Following  is  the  order  of  school  exercises:  Sixth  grade — Christian  Doc- 
trine, Speller,  Dictionary,  Grammar,  Geography,  Fifth  Reader,  Practical 
and  Mental  Arithmetic.  Fifth  grade — Christian  Doctrine,  Speller,  Diction- 
ary, Grammar,  Geography,  United  States  History,  Bible  History,  Fourth 
Reader,  Practical  and  Mental  Arithmetic.  Fourth  gtade — Catechism,  Speller, 
Third  Reader,  Practical  and  Mental  Arithmetic.  Third  grade — Catechism, 
Spelling,  Second  Reader,  and  Mental  Arithmetic,  Penmanship,  Drawing  from 
objects  and  Singing  included. 

At  4  o'clock  classes  are  dismissed,  and  the  children  play  again  until  sup- 
per time,  and  at  7:30  o'clock  they  go  to  bed.  A  Sister  accompanies  them  and 
remains  with  them.  The  children  are  never  left  alone,  day  or  night,  the  Sis- 
ters sleeping  in  their  dormitories.  Sister  Mary  Matilda  is  Superioress. 

St.  Joseph's  Providence  Orphan  Asylum. — Situated  near  Pennock  station, 
on  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  railway.  Take  train  at  Union  depot, 
Canal  and  Adams  streets,  West  Side.  The  building  stands  on  a  slight  emi- 
nence in  the  midst  of  a  farm  of  forty  acres.  The  interior  arrangements  of 
the  asylum  are  on  a  par  with  the  advantages  of  space  and  pure  air.  The 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  193 

largeclass-roorais  well  lighted  and  ventilated  and  each  boy  has  a  neat  desk.  A 
part  of  the  curriculum  Is  devoted  to  calisthenic  exercises  and  each  day  the  bright 
looking  youngsters  swing  the  dumb  bells  and  bar  bells  to  enlivening  tunes. 
Down  in  the  refectory  the  boys  sit  at  long  tables,  where  good  food  and  plenty  of 
it  is  served  out  to  them  by  the  Sisters  of  St.  Joseph.  Soup,  meat,  vegetables, 
bread  and  milk  are  given  out,  not  in  limited  quantities.  Meat  twice  a  day  is 
the  rule  for  the  180  American  boys  of  all  .denominations.  The  dormitories 
are  capacious  halls,  filled  with  iron  bedsteads,  covered  with  blankets  and 
comforters.  The  whole  house  is  heated  by  steam  and  has  all  the  modern 
improvements. 

St.  Paul's  Borne  for  Newsboys.  —Located  at  359,  361,  363  W.  Jackson  st. 
An  institution  devoted  to  the  care  and  training  of  working  boys,  newsboys 
and  waifs  of  Chicago.  It  is  under  Catholic  auspices,  but  receives  boys  of 
any  denomination,  regardless  of  religious  belief.  It  has  a  large  number  of 
boys  in  charge.  Rev.  D.  S.  A.  Mahony,  director. 

Uhlich  Evangelical  Lutheran  Orphan  Asylum. — Organized  1867  by  some 
ladies  connected  with  St.  Paul's  church.  Incorporated  1869.  First  cared  for, 
only  a  few  children  in  a  small  cottage,  corner  of  La  Salle  avenue  and  Ontario 
street.  A  larger  building  on  Clark  street,  between  Garfield  and  "Webster 
avenues,  was  rented  later  on,  but  this  was  swept  away  by  the  great  fire.  The 
orphans  were  then  brought,  to  the  Lake  View  school  for  shelter.  Afterwards 
the  "Chicago  Nursery  and  Half  Orphan  Asylum,"  175  Burling  street,  took 
the  children  up  and  boarded  them.  The  ladies  had  saved  up  about  $8,000, 
and  the  Chicago  Aid  and  Relief  Society  contributed  $20,750.  and  they  bought 
twelve  lots  on  Burling  and  Centre  streets,  where  the  present  building  was 
erected  during  the  fall  and  winter  of  1872-73.  This  edifice  received  a  brick 
addition  in  the  summer  of  1889.  The  trustees  are:  Mr.  Wm.  Knoke,  president; 
Mr.  John  L.  Diez,  treasurer;  Mr.  John  Baur,  secretary;  Rev.  R.  A.  John, 
F.  W.  Forch,  Wm.  Schick,  Wm.  Keller,  Jakob  Huber,  Conrad  Furst,  trustees; 
superintendent,  Geo.  Zeising;  matron,  Mrs.  Dora  Zeising. 

Waifs'  Mission. — Located  at  44  State  street,  Taylor  E.  Daniels,  superin- 
tendent. The  object  of  the  mission  is  the  care  of  homeless  boys,  notably 
those  who  are  abandoned  to  the  streets  by  their  parents  or  other  relatives. 
Directors:  Messrs.  Walter  Q.  Gresham,  Richard  S.  Tuthill,  B.  F.  Hagaman, 
J.  Irving  Pearce,  F.  E.  Brown,  B.  F.  Lighter,  W.  H.  Cowles,  A.  H.  Revell, 
J.  Harley  Bradley,  Lester  C.  Hubbard,  and  T.  E.  Daniels.  Advisory  Board : 
Messrs.  George  M.  Pullman,  Ferd.  W.  Peck,  De  Witt  C.  Cregier,  W.  Penn 
Nixon,  C.  M.  Henderson,  Joseph  R.  Dunlop,  W.  G.  Beale,  G.  F.  Swift,  John 
R.  Wilson,  W.  J.  Chalmers,  R.  R.  Cable,  Marvin  Hughitt,  Lyman  J.  Gage, 
C.  T.  Yerkes,  William  Deering,  T.  W.  Harvey,  E.  W.  Gillett,  George  E. 
Marshall,  J.  M.  Longenecker,  T.  B.  Blackstone,  D.  K.  Pearsons,  and  Potter 
Palmer.  During  the  eleven  months  ending  Jan.  1,  1892,  the  statistics  of  the 
Mission  show  the  following  :  Six  hundred  and  twenty -eight  boys  were  admit- 
ted to  the  home,  of  whom  419  received  temporary  board  and  lodging.  The 
average  attendance  at  the  Sunday-school  was  570,  and  there  were  326  religious 
services  held.  During  the  eleven  months  80,000  free  meals,  16,860  free  beds, 
and  7,809  free  baths  were  given,  while  over  17,000  articles  of  clothing  were 
distributed.  In  the  Police  Courts  the  cases  of  840  boys  were  attended  to, 
which  resulted  in  469  discharges,  forty-four  sent  to  the  Waifs'  Mission,  nine 


194  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

sent  home,  135  fined,  and  130  fined  but  execution  stayed  on  promise  of  bet- 
ter behavior.  Only  twenty  were  held  to  the  Criminal  Court,  and  thirty-two 
cases  were  continued.  Among  the  sick  and  poor  1,686  visits  and  investiga- 
tions weie  made,  and  relief  afforded  as  far  as  possible.  The  average  number 
of  boys  enrolled  in  the  day  school  was  forty-nine,  while  the  attendance  aver- 
aged 78  per  cent.,  a  remarkably  good  showing  for  street  children.  Employ- 
ment and  permanent  homes  were  found  for  188  boys.  The  work  done  in  1890 
by  the  mission  was  summarized  as  follows  :  There  were  80,690  free  meals  fur- 
nished to  hungry  children;  15,630  free  beds;  3,593  free  baths,  and  1,100  hair- 
cuts were  given.  In  clothing  the  naked,  16,000  garments  were  given  out, 
besides  many  pairs  of  shoes,  and  much  mending  done  gratis.  The  superin- 
tendent appeared  before  the  justices  in  929  cases  of  boys  and  girls  charged 
with  crime  or  misdemeanor  of  which  569  were  discharged,  114  executions 
stayed,  122  fined,  64  continued,  44  held  to  the  criminal  court  (14  afterwards 
liberated),  16  sent  home  (runaways),  Fifty-six  boys  were  placed  in  employ- 
ment, and  homes  were  found  for  26  others.  Among  the  sick  and  poor  2,254 
investigations  were  made,  while  896  subsequent  visits  wtre  made  in  these 
cases  and  assistance  was  given.  Of  sick  and  homeless  boys  22  were  nursed 
and  44  were  sent  to  hospitals.  There  were  168  religious  services  held. 

The  total  cash  expenditure  was  $7,349.27,  including  rent,  salaries,  heat 
and  light,  and  all  other  expenses.  Of  this  income  $2,507.01  represents  the 
profits  earned  by  the  American  Youth,  a  boys'  weekly  paper  published  by  the 
mission. .  In  this  connection  the  report  shows  that  the  superintendent,  in  addi- 
tion to  his  other  duties,  earned  $1,009.25  in  cash,  or  over  half  of  his  salary, 
by  the  advertising  secured  by  him  for  the  paper,  the  amount  being  calculated 
on  the  basis  of  the  percentage  paid  the  regular  advertising  solicitor.  The 
report  expatiates  at  some  length  on  the  printing  plant,  worth  $2,500,  which 
has  been  secured,  and  in  which  the  boys  are  taught  the  printers'  art  while 
incidentally  ' '  setting  up  "  the  paper  or  ' '  kicking  "jobs  off  the  presses.  The 
statement  is  made  that  this  is  the  most  successful  manual  training  so  far 
attempted  among  the  waifs  and  the  only  form  of  trade-learning  that  seems  to 
hold  their  sustained  interest. 

TKAINING  SCHOOL  FOR  WAIFS. — Branch  in  connection  with  the  Waif's 
Mission.  Not  sufficiently  ad  vanced  at  this  date  to  determine  whether  or  not 
it  will  be  a  success. 

Young  Ladies'  Charity  Circle. — A  band  of  sixteen  young  ladies  of  the 
West  Side  who  give  entertainments  for  the  benefit  of  charitable  institutions. 
They  have  no  stated  place  of  meeting.  The  officers  of  the  circle  are:  Presi- 
dent, Miss  Birdie  Lewinsohn;  vice-president,  Miss  Annie  Gerber;  secretary, 
Miss  Belle  Davis;  treasurer,  Mrs.  Eva  Davis.  The  other  members  are: 
Misses  Bessie  and  Annie  Stolofsky,  Eva  Lerber,  Sara  Paradise,  Mollie  Lew- 
insohn.'Ray  Zohn,  Miss  Lipsky,  Miss  Uphert,  Lena  Barnett,  Miss  Goodkind, 
Ray  Nevens,  Hattie  Grosberg. 

Young  Men's  Hebrew  Charity  Association. — One  of  the  most  active  and 
useful  chaiitable  organizations  in  Chicago.  The  ball  given  by  this  associa- 
tion at  the  Auditorium  early  in  the  present  year  netted  $14,000,  or  $2,000 
more  than  any  of  its  predecessors.  This  money  was  divided  among  the 
charities  of  Chicago  as  follows  :  Michael  Reese  Hospital,  $6,000 ;  Jewish 
Training  School  of  Chicago,  $4,000  ;  Y.  M.  H.  C.  A.  Labor  Bureau,  $1,000  ; 
Contribution  toward  salary  of  superintendent  of  Labor  Bureau,  $300  ;  Exe- 
cutive Committee  in  Aid  of  Russian  Refuges,  $750  ;  Library  of  the  Michael 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  195 

Reese  Hospital,  $100  ;  Truant  Aid  Society,  $100  ;  Policemen's  Benevolent 
Fund,  $100  ;  Firemen's  Benevolent  Fund,  $1(0;  Chicago  Charity  Hospital, 
$200 ;  Alexian  Brothers'  Hospital,  $100  ;  St.  Elizabeth's  Hospital,  $100  ; 
Provident  Hospital  and  Training  School  Association,  $100  ;  Chicago  Hospital 
for  Women  and  Children,  $100  ;  Altenheim,  $100  ;  Home  for  the  Friendless, 
$100. 

CHRISTIAN  ORGANIZATIONS. 

Church  societies  are  referred  to  elsewhere.  The  following  are  the  lead- 
ing Christian  organizations  of  a  general  character  in  the  city: 

Bible  Institute. — The  Bible  Institute  for  home  and  foreign  missions  of  the 
Chicago  Evangelization  Society,  which  is  a  training  school  for  evangelists 
and  other  Christian  workers,  is  situated — Ladies'  Department,  228-232 
La  Salle  avenue,  next  door  to  Moody's  Church,  Chicago  avenue,  and  Men's 
Department  and  Class  Rooms,  80  West  Pearson  street,  between  La  Salle 
avenue  and  Wells  street.  Take  Wells  street  or  North  Clark  cable  lines. 
Dwight  L.  Moody  is  the  founder  and  president.  There  are  about  one  hun- 
dred students  of  the  bible  in  the  Men's  Department,  and  about  fifty  women. 
In  the  musical  department  over  five  hundred  students  are  enrolled,  but  these 
are  largely  in  evening  classes.  The  object  of  the  Institute  is  to  give  to  men 
and  women — especially  those  who  have  not  had  the  advantages  of  higher 
education,  and  who  would  otherwise,  in  many  cases  at  least,  be  deprived  of 
special  instruction  in  various  lines  of  Christian  work — that  knowledge  and 
skill  in  the  use  of  the  Word,  which  will  fit  them  to  do  efficient  missionary 
and  evangelistic  work.  More  than  three  hundred  have  already  gone  out  and 
are  now  engaged  in  work  as  pastors'  assistants,  missionaries,  Sunday-school 
missionaries,  preaching  and  singing  evangelists,  lay  helpers,  pastors,  church 
visitors,  etc.  The  demand  for  workers  far  exceeds  the  supply.  The  teaching 
is  done  not  only  by  those  regularly  connected  with  the  Institute,  but  by 
eminent  men  from  all  parts  of  America  and  Great  Brit&in. 

Bible  Institute. —The  Bible  Institute  or  Training  School  for  Evangelists 
is  situated  next  door  to  Moody's  Chicago  Avenue  Church,  Chicago  avenue 
and  La  Salle  street.  Take  North  Clark  or  Wells  Street  cable  lines.  From 
this  institute  Daniel  Moody,  the  evangelist,  draws  his  assistant  workers. 
There  are  about  seventy  students  of  the  Bible  in  the  men's  department  con- 
stantly and  about  half  as  many  women.  The  object  of  the  institute  is  to  give 
to  men — largely  those  who  have  not  had  the  advantages  of  higher  education, 
and  who  would  otherwise,  in  many  cases,  at  least,  be  deprived  of  special 
instruction  in  lines  of  Christian  work — that  knowledge  and  skill  in  the  use 
of  the  Word  as  will  fit  them  the  better  to  do  missionary  and  evangelistic 
work.  Not  a  few  are  in  training  as  lay  helpers,  pastors'  assistants  and  sing- 
ing evangelists,  and  the  school  is  but  one  evidence  of  the  new  aggressiveness 
of  the  Church  to  match  the  modern  aggressiveness  of  the  World. 

Central  W.  C.  T.  U.  of  Chicago. — Headquarters  161  La  Salle  street.  In 
addition  to  the  general  work  of  this  association  it  conducts  the  Bethesda 
Mission,  606  South  Clark  street,  with  which  is  connected  a  day  nursery, 
kindergarten,  Sunday-school,  kitchen  garden,  free  medical  dispensary,  relief 
work  and  gospel  meetings;  the  Talcott  Day  Nursery,  169  West  Adams  street, 
with  which  is  connected  a  day  nursery,  a  kindergarten  and  an  industrial 


196  G-UlDE  fO  CHICAGO. 

school;  the  Anchorage  Mission,  125  Third  avenue;  the  Hope  Mission  and 
Reading  School,  166  North  Halsted  street;  the  Bethesda  Inn,  408  South  Clark 
street,  and  the  W.  C.  T.  U.  restaurant,  69  East  Washington  street.  The 
president  is  Mrs.  M.  B.  Carse;  first  vice-president,  Mrs.  J.  B.  Hobbs; recording 
secretary,  Mrs.  E.  P.  Howell;  treasurer,  Mrs.  C.  G.  Davis.  The  board  of  mana- 
gers is  as  follows — MesdamesM.  B.  Carse,  J.  B.  Hobbs,  E.  P.  Howell,  E.  War- 
ner, N.  Norton,  G.  Bagley,  G.  Shipman,  H.  V.  Reed,  A.  Bond,  L.  A.  Hagans, 
I.Jones,  L.  R.  Hall,  E.  P.  Vail,  C.  Goodman,  U.  Bruun,  M.  J.  Haywood,  H.  J. 
Berry,  W.  E.  Kelley,  L.  M.  Quine,C.  E.  Bigelow,  T.  D.Wallace,  D.  Fuller,  Dr. 
Winter,  C.  G.  Davis,  E.  Trapp,  C.  B.  S.  Wilcox,  H.  R.  Smith,  M.  W.  Mabbs, 
C.  C.  Lake,  Miss  Helen  L.  Hood.  The  missions,  nurseries,  kindergartens, 
etc.,  of  the  W.  C.T.  U.,  are  all  doing  a  splendid  work  in  Chicago;  so,  also,  Is  the 
association'ssupervision  of  the  work  of  the  policematrons  at  the  several  stations. 
The  treasurer's  report  for  the  year  ending  March,  1890,  showed:  Balance 
in  treasury  March  20, 1889,  $2.92;  receipts  to  March  20, 1890,  $7,147.14;  total, 
$7,150.06;  expenditures  to  March  20,  1890,  $7,113.36;  balance  in  treasury 
March  20, 1890,  $7,150.06.  The  object  of  the  W.  C.  T.  U.,  as  stated  in  the 
constitution  of  the  association,  is  to  plan  and  carry  forward  measures  which 
will,  with  the  blessing  of  God,  result  in  the  suppression  of  intemperance  in 
our  midst,  and  the  highest  moral  and  spiritual  good  of  those  needing  reform; 
and  to  this  end  to  provide  and  maintain  permanent  buildings,  rooms  and 
accommodations  for  the  devotional,  business  and  social  meetings  of  the  asso- 
ciation, and  to  sustain  and  carry  forward  the  mission  and  general  work  for 
the  suppression  of  intemperance  and  for  moral  reform,  and  to  encourage  and 
aid  such  work  in  general  by  individual  and  auxiliary  societies  and  associa- 
tions. (See  "  National  W.  C.  T.  U."  and  ".W.  C.  T.  U.  Building.") 

Chicago  Bible  Society. — Depository  and  office,  89,  115  Dearborn  street. 
Officers — President,  N.  S.  Bouton;  first  vice-presdent,  H.  W.  Dudley;  second 
vice-president,  Cyrus  H.  McCormick;  treasurer,  C.  H.  Mulliken;  correspond- 
ing secretary,  T.  B.  Carter;  general  secretary  and  agent,  Rev.  J.  A.  Mack; 
auditor,  C.  W.  Pritchard;  business  committee,  N.  S.  Bouton,  J.  W.  Farlin, 
H.  W.  Dudley,  C.  H.  Mulliken,  and  Rev.  J.  A.  Mack.  Bible-work  business 
committee  :  Mrs.  Mark  Ayres,  Miss  E.  Dwyer,  corresponding  secretaries; 
Mrs.  L.  A.  L.  Shute,  secretary,  49  S.  Ada  street. 

Christian  Endeavor  Society  of  Cook  County.—  President,  P.  F.  Chase;  gen- 
eral secretary,  Otto  Buehlman.  There  are  five  divisions  in  the  county,  as 
follows — Hyde  Park,  Oak  Park,  Q.  Division,  which  takes  in  thirteen  socie- 
tieslocated  on  the  lineof  the  Chicago,  Burlington &Quincy  Railroad;  North- 
western Division,  which  includes  the  societies  located  not  alone  on  the  North- 
western road,  but  also  those  on  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul,  eight 
all  told;  and  the  Evanston  Division.  Each  of  these  divisions  is  In  charge  of 
a  secretary.  The  societies  of  the  different  divisions  frequently  hold  sociables, 
prayer  meetings,  etc.  The  reportfor  last  year  shows  an  increaseof  13  junior 
societies  and  24  elder  societies  since  the  last  convention,  which  makes  a  total 
of  154  societies,  when  last  year  there  were  only  117.  The  membership  one 
year  ago  was 4, 000,  to-day  it  can  boast  of  nearly  7,000. 

The  first  society  was  organized  in  the  Williston  church,  Portland,  Me., 
February  2,  1881,  and  in  June  last  there  were  11,013  societies,  with  a  mem- 
bership of  660,000.  It  has  principally  to  do  with  younepeople,  and  the  fact 
of  such  immense  progress  as  the  above  figures  show  willbe  sufficient  to  enlist 


THE  ENCYCLOPEDIA. 


197 


the  interest  of  all  people  who  have  any  care  for  the  coming  generation  of 
men.    The  following  is  the  statistical  division  of  Chicago  unions: 


UNIONS. 

Societies. 

Active 
members. 

Associate 
members. 

Total  mem- 
bership. 

North  Side  

8 

285 

52 

337 

South  Side  

11 

519 

51 

670 

West  Side  (northern)     

6 

151 

20 

170 

West  Side  (southern)  

17 

6,17 

187 

814 

12 

455 

136 

591 

•     8 

262 

118 

380 

Northwestern       ,  

9 

218 

102 

3?0 

Oak  Park        

8 

213 

.    65 

278 

"Q  "                                    

10 

316 

86 

402 

Engrlewood  .        

9 

299 

116 

415 

Hyde  Park                           ..          

12 

396 

173 

569 

Total                .                   

110 

3,740 

1,106 

4816 

The  Cook  County  union  is  thorough  in  its  organization  and  discipline, 
and  serves  well  to  show  the  workings  of  the  society.  The  cosmopolitan  and 
liberal  Christian  spirit  of  the  union  are  also  better  illustrated  here  than  in 
smaller  places,  for  here  the  workings  maybe  seen  in  many  different  denomi- 
nations of  Christians  and  in  many  tongues.  The  visiting  feature  of  the 
union  is  a  great  source  of  knowledge  and  is  resulting  in  much  good. 
Churches  near  and  far  which  knew  little  or  nothing  of  each  other  are  becom- 
ing acquainted. 

National  W.  0.  T.  U.  Headquarters.— The  National  W.  C.  T.  U.  head- 
quarters are  at  present  located  in  the  suburb  of  Evanston,  twelve  miles  from 
the  city.  Take  train  at  Wells  Street  depot,  Wells  and  Kinzie  streets,  or  at 
Union  depot,  Adams  and  Canal  streets.  The  headquarters  will  probably 
remain  at  this  place  until  the  completion  of  the  Temperance  Temple  in  the 
city.  Miss  Frances  Willard,  president  of  the  National  W.  C.  T.  U.,  resides 
at  Evanston,  as  do  also  Mrs.  Caroline  B.  Buell  and  Miss  Esther  Pugh,  officers 
of  the  Union.  The  rooms  are  on  Davis  street,  only  a  short  walk  from  the 
railroad  stations. 

Young  Men's  Christian  Association. — Organized  in  the  year  1858.  Office 
of  General  Board  of  Managers  located  at  148  Madison  street.  Officers — John 
V.  Farwell,  Jr.,  president;  Cyrus  H.  McCormick,  first  vice-president;  H.  M. 
Hubbard,  second  vice-president;  James  L.  Houghteling,  treasurer;  H.  M. 
Starkey,  M.  D.,  recording  secretary;  J.  H.  Bradshaw,  R.  W.  Hare,  E.  Burritt 
Smith,  John  H.  Leslie,  A.  B.  Mead,  N.  S.  Davis,  Jr.,  M.  D.,  C.  C.  Chapman, 
John  C.  Grant,  Seymour  Walton,  A.  Kurz,  W.  I.  Midler,  F.  M.  Buck,  D.  W. 
Potter,  F.  S.  Osborne,  W.  G.  Sherer;  L.  Wilbur  Messer,  general  secretary; 
W.  T.  Hart,  assistant-general  secretary.  Board  of  Trustees— S.  M.  Moore, 
president;  A.  L.  Coe,  vice-president;  E.  G.  Keith,  secretary  and  treasurer; 
John  V.  Farwell,  N.  S.  Bouton,  Cyrus  H.  McCormick,  A.  G.  Lane,  George 
M.  High,  B.  F.  Jacobs,  Orrington'Lunt,  H.  E.  Sargent. 

MADISON  STREET  DEPARTMENT,  148  Madison  street. — Committee  of  Man- 
agement— H.  M.  Hubbard,  chairman;  D.  W.  Potter,  vice  chairman;  Frank 


198  GUIDE   TO.  CHICAGO. 

Milligaii,  secretary  ;L.  A.  Trowbridge,  John  V.  Farwell,  Jr.,R.  W.  Hare,  J.  6. 
Morris,  Geo.  L.  Wrenn,  A.  P.  White,  J.  8.  Lane,  MaxBaird,  R.  F.  Goldsmith, 
Frederick  T.  West,  Thos.  R.  Lyras,  J.E.  Defebaugh,  Seymour  Walton;  Daniel 
Sloan,  department  secretary;  L.  E.  Buell,  W.  A.  Sunday,  C.  E.  Hillis,  H.  W. 
Mixsell,  A.  F.  Lee,  E.R.  Wilson,  W.  C.  Beede,  J.  C.  Maltby,  assistant  secre- 
taries; E.  L.  Hayford,  M.  D.,  physical  director;  L.  B.  Smith,  assistant  physical 
director. 

Among  the  numerous  privileges  offered  by  this  department  to  young  men, 
&re>  gymnasium,  bath  rooms,  parlors,  recreation  and  reading  rooms,  educa- 
tional classes,  lectures  and  entertainments,  practical  talks,  religious  meetings, 
Bible-training  classes,  etc.  The  rooms  are  very  cosily  and  attractively 
furnished. 

The  reading  room  is  an  attractive,  well-lighted  and  cheerful  room,  sup- 
plied with  easy  chairs.  The  papers  are  conveniently  arranged  in  racks. 
Members  will  find  regularly  filed  the  leading  daily,  weekly,  secular  and 
religious  newspapers,  together  with  publications  on  science,  art,  mechanics, 
education,  architecture,  etc.  This  room  contains  also  a  spacious  and  com- 
fortable writing-table,  and  all  needed  material  for  writing  can  be  had  upon 
application.  The  library  tables  are  covered  with  choice  literary,  illustrated, 
scientific  and  humorous  periodicals.  The  library  contains  dictionaries, 
cyclopedias,  and  a  large  collection  of  books  on  history,  travel,  poetry,  biog- 
raphy, fiction,  science  and  theology.  Books  of  special  interest  and  import- 
ance to  young  men  will  be  suggested  to  members  upon  application  to  the 
assistant  secretary.  The  parlor  is  supplied  with  comfortable  chairs,  is  taste- 
fully arranged,  and  is  intended  for  conversation,  reading,  leisure,  or  musical 
pastime.  The  amusement  room  is  supplied  with  numerous  games  of  skill,  such 
as  chess,  checkers,  crokinole,  faba  baga,  base  ball,  croquet,  authors,  etc.  The 
large  variety  of  games  will  provide  for  a  number  of  members  at  a  time. 

WEST  SIDE  DEPARTMENT,  Paulina  and  Madison  Street,  A.  D.  Mackay, 
department  secretary. — Gymnasium,  bath  rooms,  membeis'  parlors,  recrea- 
tion and  reading  rooms,  educational  classes,  entertainments  and  lectures,  prac- 
tical talks  and  religious  meetings.  The  rooms  of  the  department  are  furnished 
very  attractively. 

SOUTH  CHICAGO  DEPARTMENT,  9140-9142  Commercial  Avenue,  Thomas 
Ratcliffe,  department  secretary. — Large  and  finely-equipped  gymnasium, 
with  new  tub  and  shower-baths,  reading  room,  recreation  room  and  parlor- 
lectures,  entertainments  and  socials,  practical  talks  and  religious  meetings. 

RAVENSWOOD  DEPARTMENT,  Ravenswood,  111.,  R.  J.  Bennett,  chairman; 
L.  B.  Moore,  department  secretary. — Gymnasium,  bowling  alleys,  bath- 
rooms, lectures  and  entertainments,  practical  talks,  receptions,  religious 
meetings,  Bible-training  classes  and  other  privileges.  This  department  occu- 
pies a  new  building  valued  at  $15,000,  which  has  been  but  recently  dedicated, 
and  all  of  its  appointments  and  furnishings  are  of  the  finest  and  most  home- 
like order.  Its  supervision  is  under  a  committee  of  management,  composed  of 
the  leading  resident  and  business  men  of  Ravenswood. 

PULLMAN  DEPARTMENT,  Pullman,  111. — Gymnasium,  bath  rooms,  parlor, 
religious  meetings,  Bible  training  classes  and  other  privileges. 

GARFIELD  BOULEVARD  RAILROAD  DEPARTMENT,  Garfield  Boulevard  and 
Tracy  Avenue,  C.  H.  Smith,  chairman;  John  G.  Percy,  department  secre- 
tary.— Gymnasium,  bath  rooms,  bowling  alley,  reading  room,  religious  meet- 
ings, Bible-training  classes,  and  other  privileges  especially  designed  for  rail- 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  199 

road  men.  This  department  occupies  a  building  of  its  own,  with  modern  and 
home-like  appointments,  having  its  membership  principally  among  railroad 
men  of  that  section  of  the  city. 

KINZIE  STREET  RAILROAD  DEPARTMENT,  Kinzie  and  Canal  Streets,  E.  H. 
Duff,  chairman;  William  Cook,  department  secretary. — Reading  room, 
parlor,  bath  room,  receptions  and  other  privileges  for  railroad  men.  The 
membership  of  this  department  is  largely  composed  of  railroad  men  in  its 
immediate  vicinity. 

GERMAN  DEPARTMENT,  Larrabee  Street  and  Grant  Place,  A.  Kurz,  chair- 
man; L.  A.  Horlacher,  department  secretary. — Gymnasium,  bath  rooms, 
reading,  recreation  and  conversation  rooms,  circulating  library,  educational 
classes,  receptions,  religious  meetings  and  other  privileges. 

INTERCOLLEGIATE  DEPARTMENT,  W.  F.  Seymour,  secretary. — This 
department  has  the  care  of  the  work  in  the  professional  schools  of  the  city. 

There  are  connected  with  the  association  numerous  features  which  con- 
tribute toward  making  a  membership  in  this  organization  both  desirable  and 
valuable  to  young  men.  Among  the  privileges  accordc  d  are  participation  in  a 
connection  with  the  following:  Informal  receptions,  trades  receptions,  members' 
receptions,  boarding-house  register,  home-like  place,  good  company,  friendly 
counsel,  general  information,  employment  bureau,  writing  conveniences,  care 
in  sickness,  members'  parlors,  parlor  games,  reading  room,  current  literature, 
educational  classes,  entertainments,  practical  talks,  literary  society,  reference 
library,  gymnasium,  physical  instruction,  medical  examination,  healthful 
baths,  toilet  conveniences,  summer  athletics,  outing  club,  gospel  meetings, 
training  classes,  Bible  classes,  prayer  meetings,  teachers'  meetings.  Asso- 
ciate members  are  young  men  over  sixteen  years  of  age,  whose  references  as 
to  good  moral  character  are  saiisfactory.  Active  members  are  young  men 
over  sixteen  years  of  age,  who  are  members  in  good  standing  of  some  Evan- 
gelical Church.  A  regular  membership  ticket,  good  in  all  departments,  either 
active  or  associate,  requires  an  annual  membership  fee  of  five  dollars.  A  mem- 
bership may  be  obtained  by  any  young  man  regardless  of  Church  member- 
ship or  belief .  The  paid  membership  of  the  Chicago  association  is  over  five 
thousand.  The  Chicago  association  is  the  second  in  the  world  in  membership 
and  in  the  amount  of  money  received  annually  for  current  expenses. 

In  the  building  of  the  Madison  street  department,  148  Madison  street,  are 
located  the  offices  of  the  State  executive  committee,  the  Western  Secretarial 
Institute,  and  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  Training  School. 

Seven  secretaries  are  employed  in  the  Illinois  State  work,  and  the  annual 
expenditure  by  the  State  committee  in  the  supervision  of  the  associations  of  the 
State  is  $16,000.  [See  "  New  Y.  M."  C.  A.  Building."] 

Young  Men's  Christian  Association  (Scandinavian). — Located  at  183  N. 
Peoria  st.  President,  M.  Ellingson;  secretary,  P.  Hanson;  treasurer,  T. 
Syvertson;  librarian,  K.  Hall.  This  association  has  very  comfortable  rooms 
and  a  large  membership. 

Young  Woman's  Christian  Association. — Located  at  room  61,  243  Wa- 
bash  ave.  Officers  —  President,  Mrs.  L.  Stone;  treasurer,  Miss  M.  E.  True; 
corresponding  secretary,  Mrs.  J.  M.  Brodie;  recording  secretary,  Mrs.  R.  S. 
Chamberlain;  superintendent  employment  bureau,  Miss  I.  Stobie,  243  Wa- 
bash  ave.;  superintendent  of  dispensary,  Dr.  Odelia  Blinn;  superintendent 
boarding-house  (288  Michigan  ave.),  Mrs.  Jones.  The  boarding-house 


200  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

has  been  overcrowded  of  late,  but  arrangements  are  being  made  for  better 
and  more  ample  quarters.    Young  women  are  boarded  at  a  nominal  cost. 

CHURCHES. 

The  visitor  will  not  be  many  hours  in  Chicago  before  he  Is  Impressed 
with  the  number  and  beauty  of  the  structures  consecrated  to  divine  "worship. 
Unlike  some  of  the  older  American  and  European  cities,  however,  he  will 
notice  that  there  are  no  church  edifices  in  the  business  center,  nor  along  any 
of  the  great  business  arteries .  There  were  a  number  of  handsome  and  costly 
church  buildings  in  the  business  district  previous  to  1871,  but  the  great  fire 
swept  them  away.  After  the  fire,  the  ground  upon  which  they  had  stood 
proved  to  be  so  valuable  that  the  various  church  societies  nnd  congregations 
decided  either  to  sell  or  improve  their  "down  town  "real  property,  and  build 
their  churches  on  less  expensive  ground  and  nearer  the  residence  districts . 
Among  the  churches  that  were  to  be  found  down  town  before  the  fire,  were 
the  First  Presbyterian  church,  on  Wabash  ave.,  near  Jackson;  the  Second 
Presbyterian  at  the  northeast  corner  of  Wabash  ave.  and  Washington  st. ; 
St.  Mary's  Catholic  church,  at  the  southwest  corner  of  Wabash  ave.  and 
Madison  St.,  where"  St.  Mary's  block"  now  stands;  the  First  Baptist 
church  on  Wabash  ave.,  and  the  Rev.  Dr.  Everts'  (Episcopal)  church. 
There  were  many  others  not  so  well  known  and  not  so  well  remembered. 
The  Methodists,  Presbyterians,  Baptists,  Unitarians,  Roman  Catholics, 
Episcopalians,  and,  in  fact,  all  denominations,  lost  heavily  by  the  great  fire, 
both  in  the  South  and  North  divisions.  Since  then,  however,  they  have  all 
prospered,  and  every  year  since  has  added  to  the  magnitude,  the  costliness 
and  the  beauty  of  the  church  edifices  they  have  erected. 

LOCATION  OF  LEADING  CHURCHES. — The  leading  churches  of  the  three 
divisions  of  the  city  are  removed  to  the  extent  of  a  street  car  trip  from  hotels 
and  depots  of  the  South  Side.  On  the  West  Side  they  are  found  principally 
along  Washington  and  Ashland  blvds.  or  around  Jeffenon  and  Union  parks. 
Centenary  Methodist  and  the  Second  Baptist  chuiches,  two  of  the  oldest  in  the 
city,  are  located  on  Monroe  and  Morgan-sts.  On  the  North  Side  they  are  to 
be  found  in  the  district  north  of  Ontario  and  east  of  Clark  sts.,  principally 
on  Dearborn  ave.  On  the  South  Side  they  are  to  be  found  on  Wabash  ave., 
Michigan  blvd. ,  and  in  the  district  east  of  State  st.  and  south  of  Twenty-second 
st.  Take  West  Madison  cable  line  for  West  Side,  North  Clark  st.  cable  line 
or  State  st.  horse  line  for  North  Side  and  Cottage  Grove  ave.  cable  line  for 
South  Side.  Two  of  the  leading  Independent  churches  of  the  city,  however, 
the  Central  and  the  People's,  hold  services  in  the  Central  Music  Hall  and 
Columbia  Theatre,  respectively,  only  a  short  walk  from  the  hotels.  Prof. 
Swing  preaches  at  the  former  every  Sunday;  Dr.  Thomas  at  the  latter. 


ov  V 


^THK    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  201 

POPULAR  MINISTERS  AND  PREACHERS. — Popular  ministers  of  the  city  and 
those  of  whom  the  visitor  is  likely  to  hear  of  tenest,  are  Prof.  David  Swing,  Cen- 
tral Church,  Central  Music  Hall,  State  and  Randolph sts. ; Dr.  H.  W.  Thomas, 
People's  Church,  McVicker's  Theatre,  Madison  St.,  near  State  st.;  Simon  J. 
MacPherson,  Second  Presbyterian  Church,  Michigan  blvd.  and  Twentieth  St.; 
F.  J.  Brobst,  Westminster  Presbyterian,  Peoria  and  Jackson  sts.;  F.  W. 
Gunsaulus,  Plymouth  Congregational,  Michigan  ave.,  near  Twenty-sixth  st.; 
Rabbi  E.  G.  Hirsch,  Sinai  Congregation,  Indiana  ave.  and  Twenty-first  st.; 
Dr.  John  H.  Barrows,  First  Presbyterian,  Indiana  ave.  and  Twenty -first  St.; 
H.  H.  Barbour,  Belden  Avenue  Methodist  Church,  Beldenave.  and  Halsted 
St.;  Dr.  P.  S.  Hensen,  First  Baptist  Church,  South  Park  ave.  and  Thirty-first 
st.;  Rev.  Fred  Campbell,  Jefferson  Park  Presbyterian  Church,  Adams  and 
Throopsts.;  State  st.,  near  Twenty-lhirdst.;  Dr.  V/\  M.  Lawrence,  Second 
Baptist  Church,  Morgan  and  Monroe  sts.;  Dr.  E.  P.  Goodwin,  First 
Congregational  Church,  Washington  boulevard  and  Ann  street;  Dr. 

F.  A.    Noble,   Union    Park    Congregational  Church,   Washington    blvd. 
and  Ashland  avenue. ;  Rt.  Rev.  William  E.  McLaren,  Episcopal  Cathedral, 
Washington  blvd.  and  Peoria  st.;  Rev.  Dr.  Clinton  Locke,  Grace  Episcopal 
Church,  1445  Wabash  ave,;  Rt.  Rev.  Charles  E.  Cheney,  Christ's  Episcopal 
Church,  Michigan  ave.  and  Twenty-fourth  St.;  Rt.  Rev.  Samuel  Fallows,  St. 
Paul's  Episcopal,  Adams  st.  and  Winchester  ave.  ;J.  P.  Brushingham,  Ada 
Street  M.  E.  Church,  Ada  st.,  between  Lake  and  Fulton  sts. ;  Robert  Mclntyre, 
Grace  M.  E.  Church,  cor.  La  Salle  ave.  and  Locust  st. ;  Dr.  William  Fawcett, 
Park  Avenue  M.  E.  Church,  Park  ave.,  corner  Robey  st. ;  Frank  M.  Bristol, 
Trinity  M.  E.  Church,  Indiana  ave.,  near  Twenty-fourth  St.;  Dr.  W.  T. 
Meloy,  First  United  Presbyterian  Church,  Monroe  "and  Paulina  sts.;  Dr.  M. 
W.  Stryker,  Fourth  Presbyterian  Church,  Rush  and  Superior  sts.;  Dr.  John 
L.   Withrow,   Third  Presbyterian  Church,  Ashland  blvd.  and  Ogden  ave.; 
Jenkins  Lloyd  Jones,  All  Souls'  Church,  Oakwoodblvd.  andLangleyave.;  T. 

G.  Milsted,  Unity  Church,  Dearborn  ave.  and  Walton  place;  J.    Colman 
Adams,  St.  Paul's  Unitarian  Church,  Prairie  ave.  and  Thirtieth  st. 

Christian  Churches. — The  Christian  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as 
follows:  FIRST  CHURCH,  W.  Jackson  st.  and  Oakley  ave.;  CENTRAL,  Indi- 
ana ave.  and  Thirty-seventh  st.;  CHRISTIAN  (colored),  Apollo  Hall,  2719 
Dearborn  st.:  NORTH  SIDE,  Cooks'  Hall,  Lincoln  ave.  and  Sheffield  ave.; 
WEST  SIDE,  303  and  305  S.  Western  ave. 

Congregational  Churches. — The  Congregational  Churches  of  the  city  are 
located  as  follows:  BETHANY,  Superior  and  Lincoln  sts.;  BETHLEHEM, 
CHAPEL,  709  Loomis  st.,  BOWMANVILLE,  Bowmanville;  CALIFORNIA  AVKNUE, 
California  ave.  and  W.  Monroe;  CENTRAL  PARK,  W.  Forty-first  and  Fulton 
st.;  BRIGHTON,  W.  Thirty  fourth  near  Lincoln  st. ;  CHURCH  OF  THE 
REDEEMER,  School  st.,  near  Evanston  ave.;  CLINTON  STREET,  S.  Clinton  and 
Wilson  sts.;  COVENANT,  W.  Polk  st.,  nw.  corner  Claremont  ave.;  CRAGIN, 
Armitage  ave.,  near  Grand  ave.;  DOUGLAS  PARK,  903  Sawyer  ave.;  DUNCAN 
AVENUE,  Duncan  ave.,  near  Seventy-seventh  st. ;  EMANUEL  (colored),  2811 
State  st.;  ENGLEWOOD,  School  and  Sixty -fourth  sts.,  Englewood;  ENGLE- 
WOOD  NORTH,  La  Salle  and  Fifty-ninth  sts.;  ENGLEWOOD  TRINITY,  Wright 
and  Sixty-ninth  sts.;  FIRST,  Washington  blvd.,  sw.  corner  Ann  st.;  FIRST 
(Scandinavian),  Point  anfl  Chanay  sts. ;  FORESTVILLE,  Champlain  ave.  and 
Forty-sixth  st.;  GERMAN  PILGRIM,' W.  Fulton  and  W.  Forty-first  sts.;  GRACE, 
Powell  ave.  and  Cherry  pi.;  HUMBOLDT  PARK.W.  Chicago  ave.,  near  N.  Calil 


202  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

(Scandinavian),  North  California  avenue  and  Armitage  'avenue;  FOREST- 
VILLE,  Champiain  avenue  and  Forty-sixth  street;  GERMAN  PILGRIM,  Ayers 
avenue  and  Elmer  street;  GRACE,  Powell  avenue  and  Cherry  pi.;  HERMOSA, 
Howard  ave.  and  Cortland;  HUMBOLDT  PARK,  W.  Chicago  ave.,  nearN.  Cali- 
fornia avenue;  IMMANUEL,  State  and  Twenty-eighth  streets;  JEFFERSON 
PARK,  Jefferson  Park;  JOHANNES  (German),  Franklin  street,  near  Eugenie 
street;  LAKEVIEW,  Seminary  and  Lill  avenues;  LEAVITT  STREET,  Leavitt 
street  and  s.w.  corner  W.  Adams  street;  LINCOLN  PARK,  Garfield  avenue  and 
Mohawk  street;  MILLARD  AVENUE,  S.  Central  Park  avenue,  se.  corner  VV. 
Twenty-third  street;  NEW  ENGLAND,  Dearborn  avenue  and  Delaware  place; 
PACIFIC,  Cortland  and  Ballou  streets;  PLYMOUTH,  Michigan  avenue,  near 
Twenty-sixth  street;  RAVENSWOOD,  Commercial  and  Sulzer  streets;  ROSE- 
HILL,  Rosehill;  WARDIS  (Welch),  Peoria  street  near  Jackson  street;  SEDGWICK 
BRANCH,  Sedgwick  and  Blackhawk  streets;  SOUTH,  Drexel  boul.,  nw. 
corner  Fortieth  street,  SOUTH  (German],  Ullmari  street  and  James  avenue; 
SOUTH  CHICAGO,  South  Chicago;  SOUTH  PARK,  Madison  avenue  and  Fifty- 
sixth  street;  SWEDISH,  South  Peoria  and  Fifty-ninth  streets;  SUMMERDALE, 
near  Summerdale  depot,  Lake  View;  TABERNACLE,  W.  Indiana  street,  se. 
corner  Morgan  street;  UNION  PARK,  8.  Ashland  avenue  and  Washington 
boul.;  UNION  TABERNACLE,  South  Ashland  avenue  and  W.  Twentieth  street; 
WARREN  AVENUE,  Warren  avenue,  sw.  corner  Albany  avenue;  ZION,  Fifty- 
sixth  and  S.  Green  streets. 

Congregational  Missions. — The  following  are  the  Mission  Churches  con- 
ducted by  the  Congregationalists:  ARMOUR,  Thirty-third  street,  near  Butter- 
field  St.;  ASHLAND  AVENUE,  Ashland  avenue  and  Twelfth  street;  CALIFORNIA 
AVENUE,  California  avenue  and  Filmore  street;  CHINESE,  Washington  boul. 
and  S.  Ann  street:  COMMERCIAL  AVENUE,  Commercial  avenue,  near  Ninety- 
sixth  street  (S.  C.);  DORKMUS,  Butler  street,  near  Thirty-first  street;  GRACE- 
LAND,  near  Graceland  Cemetery;  HARRISON  STREET,  Harrison  street,  near 
Halsted  street;  HEGEWISCH,  Hegewisch;  HOUSE  OF  HOPE,  210  W.  Indiana 
street;  HOYNE  AVENUE,  W.  Nineteenth  street,  near  Leavitt  street;  MAPLE- 
WOOD;  Maplewood;  OAKLEY  AVENUE,  W.  Indiana  street,  near  Oakley 
avenue;  RANDOLPH,  79  W.  Randolph  street;  PULLMAN  [Swedish],  Pullman; 
ROBEY  STREET,  N.  Robey  street,  near  Cly bourne  aveime;  SWEDISH,  Lock 
and  Thirty  first  streets;  THIRTEENTH  STREET,  533  W.  Thirteenth  street; 
W.  HARRISON  STREET,  W.  Harrison  street,  near  Kedzie  avenue;  WENT- 
WORTH  AVENUE  [Swedish],  Wentworth  avenue  and  Thirty  ninth  street. 

Baptist  Churches. — The  Baptist  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  fol- 
lows: BELDEN  AVENUE,  N.  Halsted  st.  and  Belden  ave. ;  BETHANY,  Lock  and 
Bonaparte  sts.;  BETHESDA  (Colored),  Thirty-fourth  st.,  se.  cor.  Butterfield 
st.;  CENTENNIAL,  W.  Jackson  st.,  cor.  Lincoln  st. ;  COVENANT,  No.  330  Sixty- 
third  st.;  FIRST,  Englewood  ave.,  near  Stewart  ave.;  ENGLEWOOD (Swedish), 
Wentworthst.,southof  Forty-ninth  st. ;  EVANGEL,  Dearborn  and  Forty-seventh 
sts. ;  FIRST,  South  Park  ave.  and  Thirty-first  st.;  FIRST  (German),  Bickerdike 
and  W.  Huron  sts.;  FIRST  (Swedish),  Oak  st.,  near  Sedgwick  st.;  FOURTH, 
Washington  blvd.,  nw.  cor.  Paulina  st.;  HUMBOLDT  PARK,  Humboldt  and 
Cortland  sts.;  HYDE  PARK,  Madison  ave.  and  Fifty-fourth  st. ,  Hyde  Park ; 
IMMANUEL  (W.  S.),  Michigan  ave.,  near  Twenty-third  st. ;  IRVING  PARK,  Irv- 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  203 

Ing  Park;  LAKE  VIEW,  School  street,  near  Lincoln  avenue;  LANGLEY  AVENUE, 
Langley  avenue  and  Seventy-first  street;  LA  SALLE  AVENUE,  La  Salle 
avenue,  near  Division  street;  MEMORIAL,  Oakwood  boul,,  near  Cottage  Grove 
avenue;  MILLARD  AVENUE,  Millard  avenue,  se.  corner  W.  Twenty-fourth 
street,  Lawndale;  NORTH  ASHLAND  AVENUE,  N.  Ashland  avinue,  near  W. 
North  avenue;  OLIVET  (Colored),  Harmon  court  and  Holden  place;  PROVI- 
DENCE (colored),  26  N.  Irving  place;  PULLMAN  (Swedish),  Pullman;  SCAN- 
DINAVIAN BETHEL,  Rockwell  street,  near  Humboldt  Park;  SCANDINAVIAN 
PILGRIM,  N.  Carpenter  and  Ohio  streets;  SECOND,  Morgan  street,  sw.  cornei 
W.  Monroe  street;  SECOND  [German],  Burling  and  Willow  streets;  SECOND 
[Swedish],  3018-3020  Fifth  avenue,  near  Thirty-first  street;  SHILOH  [colored], 
430  Sixty-third  street;  SOUTH  CHICAGO,  South  Chicago;  SOUTH  CHICAGO, 
[Swedish],  Fourth  avenue  and  Ninety -eighth  street;  WESTERN  AVENUE, 
Warren  avenue,  nw.  corner  N.  Western  avenue.  WOODLAWN  PARK,  Wood- 
lawn  Park. 

Baptist  Missions. — The  following  are  the  Mission  churches  conducted  by 
the  Baptists :  BOHEMIAN,  Throop  and  Sixteenth  sts.;  CONGRESS,  Washtenaw 
ave.  and  Fiournoy  st. ;  DEARBORN,  3740  State  st. ;  HASTINGS  STREET,  Hastings 
st.  near  Ashland  ave.;  HOPE,  Noble  at.,  sw.  corner  W.  Superior;  OGDEN 
AVEXUE,  643  O.jden  ave.,  in  connection  with  Centennial  Church;  RAYMOND. 
Poplar  ave.  and  Thirtieth  St.;  WABANSIA,  353  Wabansia  ave. 

Evangelical  Association  of  North  America  (German). — The  location  of 
the  churches  of  this  denomination  is  as  follows  :  Chicago  District,  Presiding 
Elder,  Rev.  A.  Fuessele,  residence  658  Sheffield  ave.  ADAMS  STREET,  W. 
Adams  and  Robey  sts. ;  FIRST,  Thirty  fifth  and  Dearborn  sts. ;  CENTENNIAL, 
W.  Harrison,  sw.  corner  Hoyne  ave  ;  HUMBOLDT  PARK,  Wabausia  ave., 
corner  N.  Rock  well  st.;  LANE  PARK,  Roscoe  and  Bosworth  ets. ;  SALEM,  W. 
Twelfth  and  Union  sts.;  SECOND,  Wisconsin  and  Sedgwick  sts.;  EMANUEL, 
Sheffield  ave. ,  ne.  corner  Marianna  st.;  ST.  JOHN'S,  Noble  and  W.  Huron 
sts. 

Evangelical  Lutheran  (English)  Churches — The  Evangelical  Lutheran 
(English)  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows  :  CHURCH  OF  THE 
HOLY  TRINITY,  398  La  Salle  ave.;  GRACE,  Belden  ave.  and  Larrabee  st. ;  ST. 
PAUL'S,  Fairfield  and  Hoyne  aves.;  WICKER  PARK,  N.  Hoyne  ave.,  nw. 
corner  LeMoyne  st. 

Evangelical  Lutheran  (Danish}. — The  Evangelical  Lutheran  (Danish) 
Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows  :  ST.  STEPHENS,  Dearborn  and 
Thirty-sixth  sts.;  TRINITY,  440  and  442  W.  Superior  st. ;  BETHEL,  W.  Lakeand 
Forty-second  sts. 

Evangelical  Lutheran  (German) — The  Evangelical  Lutheran  (German) 
Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows  :  ANDREAS,  3650  Honore  ;  BETH- 
LEHEM, N.  Paulina  and  McReynolds  sts.;  CHRIST,  Humboldt  and  Byron  aves. ; 
CHURCH  of  THE  HOLY  CROSS,  Ullman  st.,  nw.  cor.  James  ave.;  EMANUEL, 
Twelfth  st.  and  Ashland;  ave.,  GETHSEMANE,  4407  Wentworth  ave.;  GNADEN, 
169  and  171  Twenty-third  pi.,  near  Portland  ave.;  GRAND  CROSSING,  Grand 
Crossing;  MARCUS,  1119  California  ave.;  MARTINI,  4838  Loomis  ;  NAZAR- 
ETH, Forest  ave.,  near  Fullerton  ave.;  PULLMAN,  Pullman  ;  ST.  JACOBI,  Fre- 
mont st.,  sw.  cor.  Garfield  ave.;  ST.  JOHANNES,  Jefferson;  ST.  JOHN'S,  W. 
Superior  and  Bickerdike  sts.;  ST.  LUCAS,  Belmont  ave.,  Lake  View;  ST. 


204  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

MARK'S,  Ashland  and  Augusta  st.;  ST.  MATTHEW'S,  Hoyne  ave.,  bejt. 
Twentieth  and  Twenty-first  sts. ;  ST.  PAUL'S,  Superior  and  N.  Franklin  sis  ; 
ST.  PETERS,  Dearborn  st.,  south  of  Thirty-ninth  St.;  ST.  SIMON'S,  1339  W. 
North  ave.;  ST.  STEPHEN'S,  838  Chestnut;  ST.  STEPHEN'S,  Wentworth  ave., 
northwest  cor.  Twenty-fifth  st.;  SOUTH  CHICAGO,  S.  Chicago  ;  ST.  THOMAS', 
Washtenaw  ave.  and  Iowa  st.;  TRINITY  (U.  A.  C.),  Hanover  st.  and  Twenty- 
fifth  pi.;  TmNiTY(West  Chicago),  9, 11  and  13  Snell  st.  Washington  Heights; 
ZION,  W.  Nineteenth  st.,  cor.  Johnson  st. 

Evangelical  Lutheran  (Norwegian). — The  Evangelical  Lutheran  (Norwe- 
gian) Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows  :  BETHNIA,  W.  Indiana  st., 
se.  cor.  Carpenter  st. ;  BETHLEHEM,  W.  Huron  st.,  cor.  N.  Centre  Ave,; 
EMANUEL,  Perry  ave.  and  Cherry;  NORWEGIAN,  N.  Franklin  and  ERIE  sts.; 
OUR  SAVIOUR'S,  May  and  W.  Erie  sts.;  St.  PAUL'S,  N.  Lincoln  and  Park  sts.; 
ST.  PETER'S,  Hirsch  st.  and  Seymour  ave.;  TRINITY,  W-  Indiana  st.,  sw.  cor. 
Peoria  st. 

Evangelical  Lutheran  (Separatists)  Churches. — The  Evangelical  Lutheran 
(Separatists)  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows  :  CHURCH  OF  PEACE, 
N.  Wood  and  Iowa  streets;  FIRST  CHURCH,  270  Augusta  st.,  near  Samuel  st. 

Evangelical  Lutheran  (Swedish)  Churches. — The  Evangelical  Lutheran 
(Swedish)  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows  :  MISSION,  N.  Franklin 
ave.,  cor.  Whiting  st. ;  GETIISEMANE,  May  and  W.  Huron  sts.;  IMMANUEL, 
Sedgwick  and  Hobble  sts.;  SALEM,  Portland  ave.  and  Twenty-eighth  St.; 
TABERNACLE,  S.  LaSalle  and  Thirtieth  sts. 

Evangelical  ( United)  Churches. — The  Evangelical  (United)  Churches  of  the 
city  are  located  as  follows:  CHURCH  OF  PEACE,  Fifty-second  and  Justine; 
EMANUEL'S,  Forty-sixth  and  Dearborn;  FIRST  GERMAN,  ST.  PAUL'S,  Ohio  st., 
sw.  cor.  La  Salle  ave.;  SECOND  GERMAN,  ZION,  Union  st.,  nw.  cor.  W.  Four- 
teenth St.;  THIRD  GERMAN,  SALEM,  368-372 Twenty-fifth  St.,  near  Wentworth 
ave. ;  FOURTH  GERMAN,  ST.  PETER'S,  Chicago  ave.  and  Noble  st. ;  FIFTH  GEH- 
MAN,  ST.  JOHN'S,  Cortland  st.  near  Seymour  ave.;  LUKAS,  Sixty-second,  cor. 
Green;  MARKUS,  Thirty-fifth,  cor.  Dashiel;  PETRI,  Colehour;  SIXTH  GER- 
MAN, BETHLEHEM,  Diversey  ave,  and  Lewis  st. ;  ST.  NICHOLAS,  Avondale; 
TRINITY  CHURCH,  W.  Twenty-fourth  st.,  sw.  cor.  S.  Robey  st. ;  ZION'S, 
Auburn  Park. 

Evangelical  Reformed. — The  FIRST  GERMAN  church  of  the  Evangelical 
Reformed  denomination  is  located  at  177-179  Hastings  st. ;  THIRD  FRIEDENS, 
1330  Wellington. 

Episcopal  (Reformed)  Churches  .—The  Episcopal  (Reformed)  Churches  of 
Chicago  are  located  as  follows:  SYNOD  of  Chicago,  bishop,  Rt.  Rev.  Charles 
E.  Cheney,  D.  D.  CHRIST,  Michigan  ave.  and  Twenty-fourth  st. ;  EMANUEL, 
Hanover  and  Twenty-eighth  sts.;  ST.  JOHN'S,  Thirty-seventh  st,  cor.  Lang- 
ley  ave. ;  ST.  MARK'S,  Maplewood;  ST.  MARK'S  MISSION,  Huinboldt  Park; 
ST.  MATTHEW'S,  Fullerton  ave.  and  Larrabee  sts.;  TRINITY,  Englewopd; 
TYNG  MISSION,  Archer  ave.  and  Twenty-first  st. ;  ST.  ANSGARIUS,  Sedgwick 
st.  near  Chicago  ave. ;  ST.  BARNABAS',  Park  ave.  and  Forty-fourth  st. ;  ST. 
BARTHOLOMEW'S,  Sixty-fifth  si.  and  Stewart  ave.;  St.  GEORGE'S,  Grand  Cross- 
ing; ST.  LUKE'S,  388  S.  Western  ave. ;  ST.  MARK'S  Cottage  Grove  ave.  and 
Thirty-ninth  st.;  ST.  PAUL'S,  4928  Lake  ave. 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  205 

Episcopal  Reformed  Missionary. — Jurisdiction  of  the  Northwest  and  West, 
Rt.  Rev.  Samuel  Fallows,  D.  D.,  bishop;  ST.  PAUL'S  CHURCH,  W.  Adamast., 
cor.  Winchester  ave. 

Episcopal  Churches. — The  Episcopal  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  aa 
follows — Bishop  of  Diocese  of  Chicago,  Rt.  Rev.  William  E.  McLaren, 
D.  D.,  D.  C.  L.,  office  18  S.  Peoria  St.,  residence  255  Ontario  «t.  ALL  SAINTS', 
757  N.  Clark;  ALL  SAINTS',  Ravenswood;  CATHEDRAL  SS.  PETER  AND 
PAUL,  Washington  blvd.  and  Peoria  st. ;  CALVARY,  Western  av.  and  Monroe 
st.;  CHRIST,  Sixty-fourth  st.  and  Woodlawn  av.;  CHURCH  OP  ATONEMENT, 
Edgewater;  CHURCH  OF  OUR  SAVIOR,  Lincoln  and  Belden  aves.;  CHURCH  OF 
ST.  CLEMENT,  State  and  Twentieth  st. ;  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PHILIP  THE  EVAN- 
GELIST, Archer  ave.  and  Thirty -fifth  at. ;  CHURCH  OF  THE  ASCENSION,  N. 
La  Salle  and  Elm;  CHURCH  OF  THE  EPIPHANY,  S.  Ashland  ave.,  corner  W. 
Adams,  CHURCH  OF  THE  GOOD  SHEPHERD,  Millard  ave. ;  CHURCH  OF  THE 
REDEEMER,  Fifty-seventh  st.  and  Washington  ave. ;  CHURCH  OF  THE  TRANS- 
FIGURATION, Prairie  ave.  and. Thirty-ninth  st. ;  GRACE,  1445  Wabash  ave.  near 
Sixteenth  st.;  ST.  ALBAN'S,  State  st.  near  Forty -fifth;  ST.  ANDREWS,  Washfbg- 
ton  blvd.  and  Robey  st.;  ST.  JAMES',  cor.  Cass  and  Huron  st.;  ST.  JOHN'S  (So. 
Chicago.)  Commercial  ave.  and  Ninety-second  St.;  ST.  PETER'S,  1532  N. 
Clark;  ST.  STEPHEN'S,  Johnson  st.  near  W.  Taylor  st.;  ST.  THOMAS'  (colored) 
Dearborn  st.  near  Thirtieth  st. ;  TRINITY,  Michigan  ave".  and  Twenty-sixth  st. 

Episcopal  Missions  and  Chapels. — The  Missions  and  Chapels  conducted  by 
the  Episcopalians  are  as  follows:  ADVENT  MISSION,  W.  Madison,  near 
Albany  ave.;  CHAPEL  OF  ST.  LUKE'S  HOSPITAL,  1430  Indiana  ave.;  DOUGLAS 
PARK  MISSION,  superintendent,  Rev.  H.  W.  Scaife,  M.  D. ;  HOLY  TRINITY, 
Stock  yards;  HOME  FOR  INCURABLES,  Ellis  ave.,  south  of  Fifty-fifth  st.;  MIS- 
SION OF  NATIVITY,  W.  Indiana  st.,  near  Lincoln  st,;  SISTERS  OF  ST.  MARY 
CHAPEL,  Washington  blvd.  and  Peoria;  ST.  JAMES'  MISSION,  Elm  st. 

Free  Methodist  Churches. — The  Free  Methodist  Churches  of  Chicago  are 
located  as  foMows:  FIRST,  16  N.  May;  SECOND,  447  Ogden  ave.;  SOUTH 
SIDE,  5251  Dearborn  st.;  MILWAUKEE  AVENUE,  Mozart  st.  near  Armitage 
ave.;  SOUTH  CHICAGO,  So.  Chicago. 

Independent  Churches. — The  Independent  Churches  of  Chicago  are  located 
as  follows:  CHICAGO  AVENUE  (Moody's),  Chicago  ave.  nw.  corner  LaSalle 
ave..  CENTRAL  CHURCH  (Swing's),  Central  Music  Hall,  State  st.,  se.  corner 
Randolph  st,. ;  MARKET  STREET  MISSION,  38  Kinzie  st. ;  PEOPLE'S  CHURCH 
(Thomas'),  McVicker's  Theatre. 

Jewish  Synagogues. — The  Jewish  Synagogues  of  the  city  are  located  as 
follows:  ANSHE  EMES,  341  Sedgwick  st. ;  ANSHE  KANESSES  ISRAEL,  se.  cor. 
Judd  and  Clinton  sts.;  ANSHE  RUSSIA-POLA-SEDEK,  S.  Clinton  cor.  Twelfth; 
CONGREGATION  BETH  HAMEDRASH  HACH  ODOSCH,  439  Clark  st.;  CONGREGA- 
TION BETH  HAMEDRASH  134  Pacific  ave.;  CONGREGATION B'NAI  ABRAHAM,  se. 
cor.  Wright  st.  and  Newberry  ave.;  CONGREGATION  EMANUEL,  280  and  282 
N.  Franklin  st.;  CONGREGATION  OHAVEH  EMUNAH,  386  Clark  st.;  CONGRE- 
GATION OHAVEH  SHOLOM,  582  S.  Canal  st.;  CONGREGATION  OF  THE  NORTH 
SiDE.ne.  cor.  Rush  st.  and  Walton  pi.;  CONGREGATION  MOSES  MONTEFIORE, 
130  Augusta  st. ;  CONGREGATION  BETHEL,  N.  May  st.  near  W.Huron  St.; 
KEHILATH  ANSHE  MAARIV  (Congregation  of  the  men  of  the  West),  Indiana 
ave.  and  Thirty-third  st, ;  KEHILATH  B'NAI  SHOLOM  (Sons  of  Peace),  Twenty- 
sixth,  cor.  Indiana;  SINAI  CONGREGATION,  Indiana  ave.  and  Twenty-first  St.; 
ZION  CONGREGATION,  se.  cor.  Washington  blvd.  and  Ogden  ave, 


206  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

Methodist  Episcopal  Ghurchet. — The  Methodist  Episcopal  Churches  of 
the  city  are  located  as  follows:  ADA  STREET,  Ada  st.,  between  W.  Lake 
and  Fulton  sts. ;  ASBURY,  3120  and  3122  Fifth  ave. ;  AUBURN  PARK,  Auburn 
Park;  AVONDALE,  Avondale:  BETHANY,  ne.  cor.  Francisco  and  W.  Jackson 
sts. ;  BRIGHTON  PARK,  nw.  cor.  Thirty-eighth  st.  and  Washtenaw  ave.;  CEN- 
TENARY, 295  W.  Monroe  st.,  near  Morgan  st.;  CHICAGO  LAWN,  Chicago  Lawn; 
CUMMINGS,  Cummings;  DEERING,  nw.  cor.  Ward,  and  Dunning  sts.;  DOUG- 
LAS PARK,  624  S.  Washtenaw  ave.;  ENGLEWOOD,  6410  Stewart  ave.;  ERIE 
STREET,  W.  Erie  st.  near  N.  Robey  st. ;  FIFTY-FOURTH  STREET,  Fifty-fourth 
and  Peoria  sts. ;  FIRST,  Clark  and  Washington  sts.;  FORTY-SEVENTH,  Forty- 
seventh  and  Dreyer  sts.;  FULTON  STREET,  891  and  893  Fulton  St.,  west  of 
Oakley  ave. ;  GARFIELD PARK,  W.  Lake,  cor.  Homan  ave.;  GRACE,  LaSalle 
ave.  and  Locust  st. ;  GRACE,  Kensington;  GRAND  CROSSING,  Grand  Crossing; 
GROSS,  Gross  Park;  HALSTED  STREET,  778  to  784  S.  Halsted  st. ;  Harrison 
and  Forty-second  st. ;  HEGEWISCH,  Hegewisch  ave. ,  south  of  One  hundred  and 
Thirty-third  st.;  HKRMOSA,  Hermosa;  HUMBOLDT  PARK,  Humboldt  Park; 
HVbE  PARK,  Hyde  Park;  IRVING  PARK,  Irving  Park;  KENWOOD,  83  Forty- 
third  st. ;  LEAVITT  AND  DEKALB,  N.  Ogden  ave. ;  LINCOLN  STREET,  se.  cor. 
Ambrose  and  S.Lincoln  sts.;  MARSHFIKLD  AVENUE,  Marshfield  st.,  south 
of  W.  Van  Buren  st. ;  MORELAND,  Moreland;  NORMAL  PARK,  Normal  Park; 
North  ave;  NOUTHWEST,  Homer  st.  west  of  juuct.  Milwaukee  and  Western 
ave. ;  OAKLAND,  sw.  cor.  Langley  ave.  and  Oakland  blvd.;  PARK  AVENUE, 
se.  cor.  Robey  st.  and  Park  ave.;  PARK  MANOR,  6758  S.  Chicago  ave., 
Park  Side;  PAULINA  STREET,  3342  S.  Paulina  st.,  near  Archer  ave. :  PULLMAN, 
Pullman;  RAVENSWOOD,  Commercial  and  Sunnyside  ave.;  SACRAMENTO 
AVENUE,  Sacramento  ave.  head  of  Adams  st. ;  SHEFFIELD  AVENUE,  Sheffield 
ave. and  George  st. ;  SIMPSON  MISSION,  LaSalle  and  Fifty-ninth  sts.;  Sixty- 
fourth  and  Loomis;  SOUTH  CHICAGO,  na.  c  )r.  Ninety-tirst  st.  and  Superior 
ave.;  SOUTH  ENGLEWOOD,  Murray,  cor.  Eighty-seventh  st. ;  SOUTH  PARK 
AVENUE,  Thirty-third  st.  and  South  Park  ave. ;  STATE  STREET,  4637  State 
st. ;  ST.  PAUL'S,  W.  Taylor  st.  and  Center  ave.;  TRINITY,  Indiana  ave.  near 
Twenty-fourth  st. ;  WABASH  AVKNUE,  Fourteenth  st.  and  Wabash  ave.; 
WESLEY,  1003  and  1009  N.  Halsted  st.;  WESTERN  AVENUE,  W.  Monroe  st., 
and  Western  ave.;  VICKER  PARK  MISSION,  Milwaukee  and  W.  North  aves. ; 
WINTER  STREET,  N.  W.  Gordon  and  Dashiel  sts.;  WOODLAWN  PARK,  Wood- 
lawn  Park. 

Methodist  Episcopal  (African)  Churches. — The  Methodist  Episcopal 
African)  Churches  of  the  city  are  as  follows:  ALLEN,  Avondale;  BETHEL, 
ARLINGTON  HALL,  Thirty-first;  QUINN'S,  Central  Hall,  Wabash  ave.;  ST. 
STEPHEN'S,  682  Austin  ave.;  ZION,  Dearborn  st.,  between  Twenty-ninth  and 
Thirtieth  sts. 

Methodist  Episcopal  (Bohemian)  Churches. — The  Methodist  Episcopal 
(Bohemian)  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows:  FIRST,  778  S.  Hal- 
sted st, ;  SECOND,  S.  Halsted  and  W.  Twelfth. 

Methodist  Episcopal  (German)  Churches. — The  Methodist  Episcopal  (Ger- 
man) Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows:  ASHLAND  AVKNUE,  485  N. 
Ashland  ave. ;  CENTENNIAL  MISSION,  Wellington  and  Sheffield  aves. ,  Lake  View; 
CENTER  STREET,  nw.  cor.  Dayton  and  Centre  els.;  CLYBOURNE  AVENUE,  51 
and  53  Clybourne  ave.;  DEERING  MISSION.  Clybourne  ave.,  near  Fullerton 
ave.;  EBENEEZER,  sw.  cor.  Thirty-first  and  Ullman  sts.;  FULLERTON  AVENUE, 
ne.  cor.  N.  Wester^ ave.  and  W.  Fullerton  ave.;  IMMANUEL,  832  and  834  W. 


ME    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  207 

Twenty-second  st.;  MAXWELL  STKKET,  308  Maxwell  st. ;  PORTLAND  AVENUE, 
se. cor.  Twenty-eighth  st.  and  Portland  ave.;  ROBEY  STREET  MISSION,  Robey 
st.,  near  W.  Twelfth  st. ;  WKNTWORTH  AVENUE,  Wentworth  ave.,  south  of 
Thirty  seventh  st. 

Methodist  Episcopal  (Norwegian)  Churches. — The  Methodist  Episcopal 
(Norwegian)  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows:  IMMANUEL,  W. 
Huron  and  Bickerdike  sts. ;  FIRST,  se.  cor.  Sangamon  and  W.  Indiana  sts.; 
MORELAND,  Moreland;  PARK  SIDE  — ;  TRINITY,  Maplewood  and  Thompson. 

Methodist  Episcopal  (Swedish)  Churclies. — The  Methodist  Episcopal  (Swed- 
ish) Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows:  ATLANTIC  STREET,  Atlantic 
aud  Fifty-second  sts.;  ENGLEWOOD,  Sixty-seventh  at.  and  Stewart  ave.;  FIFTH 
AVENUE,  ne.  cor.  Thirty-third;  FIRST,  N.  Market  and  Oak  sts.;  FOREST  GLEN, 
Jefferson;  HUMBOLDT  PARK,  Fairfield  Ave.,  near  North  ave.;  LAKE  VIEW, 
Baxter  st.  and  Noble  ave.;  MAY  STREET,  N.  May  St.,  between  W.  Ohio  and 
Erie  sts.;  PULLMAN,  Arcade  blvd.,  Pullman;  SOUTH  CHICAGO,  South  Chicago; 
SWEDISH  MISSION, Chicago  ave.,  opposite  Milton  ave. 

Presbyterian  Churches. — The  Presbyterian  Churches  of,  the  city  are 
located  as  follows:  BELDEN  AVENUE,  Beldenand  Seminary  aves. ;  BETHANY, 
HumboldtPark  blvd.,  north  of  Humbnldt  Park;  CAMPBELL  PARK,  Leavitt  st. 
and  Campbell  Park;  BROOKLINE,  Brookline;  CENTRAL  PARK,  W.  Madison, 
nw.  cor.  Sacramento  ave.,  Occidental  Hall;  CHURCU  OF  THE  COVENANT,  se. 
cor.  Belden  ave.  and  N.  Halsted  St.;  EIGHTH  CHURCH,  nw.  cor.  Robey  and 
Washington  blvd.;  FIFTH  CHURCH,  Thirtieth  st.  and  Indiana  ave.;  EMERALD 
AVENUE,  Emerald  ave.  and  Sixty-seventh  st. ;  FIRST  CHURCH  OF  ENGLEWOOD, 
Sixty-fourth  and  Yale  sts.;  FIRST  CHURCH,  Indiana  ave.  and  Twenty-first  st.; 
FIRST  (German)  CHURCH,  Willow,  cor.  Orchard;  FIRST  (Scotch  Church),  8. 
Sangamon  and  W.  Adams  sts. ;  FIRST  (United  Church),  S.  W.  Paulina  and  W. 
Monroe  sts. ;  FORTY-FIRST  STHEET,  Prairie  ave.  and  Forty-first  st. ;  FOURTH, 
Rush  and  Superior  sts.;  FULLERTON  AVENUE,  nw.  cor.  Larrabee  st.  and 
Fullerton  ave.;  GRACE  (colored),  DEARBORN,  s.  of  Thirty-fourth;  HOLLAND, 
Noble  and  W.  Erie  sts. ;  HYDE  PARK,  Hyde  Park;  IMMANUEL,  Archer  ave.  and 
Thirty-first  st. ;  JEFFERSON  PARK,  W.  Adams  and  Throop  sts. ;  LAKE,  nw.  cor. 
Forty-second  and  Winter  sts.;  LAKE  VIEW,  Evanston  ave.  and  Addison  st. ; 
MORKLAND,  Fulton  and  W.  Forty  eighth  sts.;  NORMAL  PARK,  Sixty -ninth, 
cor.  Yale;  PULLMAN,  Pullman;  RAILROAD  CHAPEL,  1419  State  st.;  REUNION, 
sw  cor.  Hastings  st.  and  S.  Ashland  ave.;  SECOND,  Michigan  ave.  and  Twen- 
tieth st.;  SIXTH,  Vincennes  and  Oak  aves.;  SIXTIETH  STREET,  Sixtieth  and 
School  sts.;  SOUTH  CHICAGO,  South  Chicago;  TENTH,  Forty-second,  cor. 
Winter;  THIRD,  S.  Ashland  and  Ogden  aves.;  WESTMINSTER,  161  S.  Peoria 
st.,  cor.  W.  Jackson  st.;  WELSH,  ne.  cor.  Sangamon  and  W.  Monroe  sts.; 
WOODLAWN  PARK,  Woodlawn  Park. 

Presbyterian  Missions. — The  missions  conducted  by  the  Presbyterians 
are  located  as  follows:  BURR,  se.  cor.  Twenty-third  st.  and  Wentwonh  ave.; 
HOPE,  Augusta  St.,  near  Western  ave.;  MOSELEY,  2539  Calumet  ave.; 
ONWARD,  W.  Indiana  st.  and  Hoyne  ave.;  GROSS  PARK,  School,  cor.  Gross; 
CHRIST  CHAPEL,  Center  and  Orchard  sts.;  WEST  OHIO  STREET,  W.  Ohio  st., 
near  Lawndale  ave.;ELSTON  AVENUE,  Elstou  ave.,  near  Fullerton  ave.; 
ENGLEWOOD  HEIGHTS,  Eighty-ninth,  cor.  Page;  ERIE  CHAPEL,  Erie,  cor. 
Noble;  FIFTY-FIFTH  STREET  BRANCH,  566  Fifty-fifth  st.;  FOSTER,  173  S. 
DesPlaines  st. ;  HEGEWISCH,  S.  Chicago  ave.,  cor.  133d  st. ;  LARRABKE  STREET, 
Larrabee  st.,  near  Cly bourne  ave.;  MEDICAL,  2242  Wentworth  ave.;  COLORADO 
AVENUE,  Colorado  ave.,  near  W.  Harrison;  OLIVET,  Larrabee,  cor.  Vedder; 


208  GUIDE    TO    CHICAGO. 

WENTWORTH  AVENUE,  Wentworth  ave. ,  near  Forty-third  st. ;  SOUTH  CHI- 
CAGO AVENUE,  J  cor.  100th.  WEST  CHICAGO  AVENUE,  Chicago  ave.,  cor. 
Lawndale.  Services  are  held  at  all  these  Missions  at  3  P.  M.  Sundays. 

Presbyterian  Church  (United.) — FIRST  CHURCH,  located  at  the  corner  of 
W.  Monroe  and  South  Paulina  sts. 

Roman  Catholic  Churches. — Archbishop  of  Chicago,  Most  Rev.  Patrick  A. 
Feehan,  D.D.;  vicar -general,  Very  Rev.  D.  M.  J.  Dowling;  chancellor  and 
secretary,  Rev.  P.  J.  Muldoon,  311  Superior  st.  The  Roman  Catholic 
Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows:  CATHEDBAL  OP  THE  HOLT 
NAME,  Superior  and  N  State  sts.;  ALL  SAINTS'  CHURCH,  sw.  cor.  Twenty-' 
fifth  pi.  and  Wallace  St.;  CHAPEL  OP  OUR  LADY  OP  MERCY,  St.  Paul's 
Home;  CHURCH  OP  NOTRE  DAME,  DE  CHICAGO  (French),  Vernon  Park  pi. 
and  Sibley  St.;  CHURCH  OP  OUR  LADY  OP  GOOD  COUNSEL  (Bohemian),  West- 
ern ave.  and  Cornelia  St.;  CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OP  MOUNT  CARMEL,  Welling^ 
ton  and  Beacher  sts.;  CHURCH  OP  OUR  LADY  OP  SORROWS,  1406  W.  Jackson 
st  ;  CHURCH  OP  THE  ANNUNCIATION,  sw.  cor.  Wabansia  ave.  and  N.  Paulina 
St.;  CHURCH  OP  THE  ASSUMPTION  (Italian),  Illinois  st.,  near  N.  Market  st.; 
CHURCH  OP  THE  BLESSED  SACRAMENT,  West  Twenty-second  street; 
CHURCH  OP  THE  HOLY  ANGELS,  282  Oakwood  blvd.;  CHURCH  OP  THE  HOLY 
ANGELS,  Hoyneave.;  CHURCH  OP  THK  HOLY  FAMILY,  May  and  W.  Twelfth 
sts.;  CHURCH  OP  THE  HOLY  ROSARY,  sw.  cor.  S.  Park  ave.  and  One  Hundred 
and  Thirteenth  st.,  Roseland;  CHURCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION,  N. 
Franklin  st.,  north  of  Schiller  st. ;  CHURCH  OP  THE  NATIVITY,  Thirty-seventh 
and  Dashielsts.;  CHURCH  OP  THE  SACRED  HEART,  se.  cor.  W.  Nineteenth 
and  Johnson  sts.;  CHURCH  OP  THE  VISITATION,  Fifty-first  and  Morgan  sts.; 
HOLY  TRINITY  (German),  S.  Lincoln  and  Taylor  sts.;  HOLY  TRINITY  (Polish), 
Noble  and  Ingraham  sts.;  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION  B.  V.  M.  (German),  2944- 
2946  Bonfield  st.,  near  Archer  ave.;  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION  B.  V.  M. 
(Polish),  nw.  cor.  Eighty -eighth  st.  and  Commercial  ave.;  ST.  ALBERT'S 
CHURCH  (Polish).  W.  Seventeenth  and  Paulina  sts.;  ST.  AGNES',  S.  Washte- 
naw  ave.,  near  Thirty-eighth  st. ;  ST.  ALOYSIUS'  (German),  Thompson  and 
Davis  sts.;  ST.  ALPHONSUS'  (German),  Lincoln  and  Southport  aves.;  ST. 
ANN'S,  Fifty  -fifih  st.  and  Went  worth  ave.;  ST.  ANTHONY  OP  PADUA  (German). 
BO.  cor.  Twenty-fourth  pi.  and  Hanover  St.;  ST.  AUGUSTIN'S (German),  Fifty- 
first  and  Laflin  sts.;  ST.  AUGUSTIN'S  (colored),  2251  Indiana  ave.;  ST.  BER- 
NARD'S, Sixty-sixth  st.  and  Stewart  ave. ;  ST.  BERNARD'S  CHURCH  (French). 
Brighton  Park;  ST.  BONIFACE'S  (German),  Cornell  and  Noble  sts. ;  ST.  BREN- 
DON'S  CHURCH,  Sixty-seventh,  cor.  Bishop;  ST.  BRIDGET'S,  Archer  ave.  and 
Church  pi.;  ST.  CASIMIR'S  CHURCH  (Polish),  Twenty-second,  cor.  Little;  ST. 
CECELIA'S,  Bristol  st.,  near  Wentworth  ave.;  ST.  CHARLES  BORROMEO'S, 
87-91  Cypress  st. ;  ST.  COLUMBAS'  CHURCH,  Mackinaw,  south  of  133d  st.;  ST. 
BRIDGET'S,  Archer  ave.  and  Church  pi.;  ST.  CECELIA'S,  Bristol  st., 
near  Wentworth  ave.;  ST.  CHARLES  BORROMEO'S,  87-91  Cypress  St.;  ST. 
COLUMBKILL'S,  N.  Paulina  and  W.  Indiana  sts. ;  ST.  ELIZABETH'S,  ne.  cor. 
State  and  Forty-first  sts.;  ST.  FRANCIS  OP  ASSISIUM  (German),  W.  Twelfth 
st.  and  Newberry  ave.;  ST.  FRANCIS  DE  SALES,  Ewing  ave.  and  One  Hundred 
and  Second  st.;  ST.  FRANCIS  XAVIER  (German),  Avondale;  ST.  GABRIEL'S,  se. 
cor.  Wallace  and  Forty -fifth  sts.;  ST.  GEORGE'S  (German),  3915  Fifth  ave.; 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  209 

ST.  HEDWIG'S  (Polish),  North  side  Kosciusco,  bet.  N.  Hoyne  ave.  and  St. 
Hedwig  st.;  ST.  JAMES',  Wabash  ave.  and  Thirtieth  st.;  ST.  JARLATH'S,  Her- 
mitage ave.  and  W.  Jackson  st.;  ST.  JOHN'S,  Eighteenth  and  Clark  sts.;  ST. 
JOHN'S  NEPOMUCENE'S  (Bohemian),  Twenty-fifth  st.  and  Portland  ave.;  ST. 
JOHN  THE  BAPTIST  (French),  Thirty  third ct.,  near  S.  Wood  st.;  ST.  JOSEPH'S 
CHUUCH  (French)  Brighton  Park  ;  ST.  JOSEPH'S  (German),  N.  Market  and 
Hill  sts  ;  ST.  JOSEPH'S  (Polish),  Forty-eighth  and  Paulina  sts. ;  ST.  JOSA- 
PHAT'S  (Polish),  nw.  cor.  Ward  st.  and  Beldon  ave.;  ST.  KEVIN'S  CHURCH, 
Cummings ;  ST.  LAWRENCE'S,  Seventy-fifth  St.,  near  Brooks  ave.,  Grand 
Crossing  ;  ST.  LEO'S,  Wright  st.  and  Schorling  ave.,  Auburn  Park  ;  ST. 
Louis,  Pullman  ;  ST.  MALACHY'S  Walnut  st.  and  Western  ave. ;  ST.  MARTIN'S 
(German),  Forty-ninth  and  School  sts.;  ST.  MARY'S,  Wabash  ave.  and  Eld- 
ridge  ct. ;  ST.  MARY'S  (German),  Riverdale ;  ST.  MARY'S  OP  PERPETUAL 
HELP  (Polish),  901  Thirty-second  St.,  near  Ullman  st.;  ST.  MATHIAS',  Bow- 
manville  :  ST.  MAURITIUS'  CHURCH,  36th,  cor.  Hoyne.;  ST.  MICHAEL'S  (Ger- 
man), Eugenie  st.  and  Cleveland  ave: ;  ST.  MONICA'S  CHURCH,  2251  Indiana 
ave.;  ST.  NICOLAS'  CHURCH  (German),  113th  PI.  cor.  State; 
ST.  PATRICK'S,  Commercial  ave.,  near  Ninety-fifth  St.,  South  Chicago; 
ST.  PATRICK'S,  S.  Desplaines  and  W.  Adams  sts.;  ST.  PAUL'S  (German) 
8.  Hoyne  ave.  and  Ambrose  st. ;  ST.  PETER'S  (German),  Clark  and  Polk  sts.; 
SS.  PETER  AND  PAUL,  Ninety  first  st.  and  Exchange  ave.,  South  Chicago;  St. 
PHILIP'S,  Park  ave.  and  W.  Forty-third  St.;  ST.  Pius',  se.  cor.  W.  Nineteenth 
st.  and  S.  Ashland  ave. ;  ST.  PROCOPIUS'  (Bohemian),  Allport  and  W.  Eight- 
eenth sts.;  ST.  ROSE  OP  LIMA,  Ashland  ave.,  neai  Forty-eighth  8t.;  ST. 
STANISLAUS  KOSTKA'S  (Polish),  Noble  and  Ingraham  sts.;  ST.  STEPHEN'S, 
N.  Sangamon  and  W.  Ohio  sts.;  ST.  SYLVESTER'S,  California  and  Shakespeare 
aves.;  ST.  TERESA'S  (German),  Centre  and  Clyde  sts.;  ST.  THOMAS',  Fifty- 
fifth  st.,  Hyde  Park.;  ST.  VIATEUR'S,  Belmout  and  Crawford  aves.;  ST. 
VINCENT  DE  PAUL'S,  Webster  ave.  and  Osgood  st.;  ST.  VITUS,  Paulina  and 
Van  Horn  sts.;  ST.  WENCESLAUS'  (Bohemian),  173  De  Kovcn  st. 

Swedenborgian  (New  Jerusalem)  Churches. — The  Swedenborgian  (New 
Jerusalem)  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as  follows  :  NEW  CHURCH 
TEMPLE,  Van  Buren  st.,  east  of  Wabash  ave. 

Unitarian  Churches. — The  Unitarian  Churches  of  the  city  are  located  as 
follows:  ALL  SOULS',  Oakwood  blvd.,  se.  corner  Langley  ave.;  UNITY,  se. 
cor.  Walton  pi.  and  Dearborn  ave. 

Universalist  Churches. — The  Universalist  Churches  of  the  city  are  located 
as  follows  :  CHICAGO  LAWN,  Chicago  Lawn  ;  CHURCH  OP  THE  REDEEMER, 
ne.  cor.  Robey  st.  and  Warren  ave.;  ST.  PAUL'S,  Prairie  ave.  and  Thirtieth 
St.;  ENGLEWOOD,  Sixty-third  St.,  Englewood  ;  RYDER,  Woodlawn  Park  ; 
THIRD,  N.  Clark,  nr.  Wellington  ave. ;  UNIVERSALIST  MISSION,  Fifty-fourth, 
cor.  State. 

Miscellaneous  Churches. — Churches  not  mentioned  above  are  located 
as  follows  :  DISCIPLES  OF  CHRIST,  meet  every  1st  day  at  10:30  A.  M.  and  7:30 
P.  M.  at  23  and  25  Kendall  St.;  FIRST  SOCIETY  OF  SPIRITUALISTS, meet  at  55 
y.  Ada  st.,  at  10:45  A.  M.  and  7:45  P.  M.,  Sundays;  GERMAN  ADVENT,  272  and 
274  Augusta  st.,  services  10  A.  M.  and  7:30  p.  M.;  SCANDINAVIAN  CHAPEL,  269 
W.  Erie  St.,  services  Saturday,  10  A.  M. 


210  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

CITY  RAILWAY  SERVICE. 

The  City  railway,  or  intramural  service  of  Chicago,  embraces  horse-car, 
cable,  electric  and  elevated  railroads.  The  great  existing  street-car  compa- 
nies operating  horse  and  cable  lines  are  the  Chicago  City  Railway  Company, 
which  operates  the  lines  of  the  South  Side;  the  West  Chicago  City  Railway 
Company,  which  operates  the  lines  of  the  West  Side,  being  practically  the 
owner  of  the  Chicago  Passenger  Railway  Company,  which  also  operates 
lines  in  that  division  of  the  city;  and  the  North  Chicago  Street  Railroad  Com- 
pany, which  operates  the  lines  of  the  North  Side.  The  South  Chicago  City 
Railway  Company  is  an  independent  line.  The  West  Chicago,  North  Chi- 
cago and  Chicago  Passenger  Railway  Company  are  under  one  management, 
Mr.  Charles  T.  Yerkes  being  president.  Chicago,  according  to  the  last  cen- 
sus, stand?  third  in  length  of  street  railways,  as  follows:  Philadelphia,  283 
miles;  Boston,  201  miles;  Chicago,  185  miles;  New  York,  177  miles.  But 
when  we  take  miles  of  track,  including  sidings  and  switches,  the  ratio  is 
changed  as  follows:  Chicago,  375  miles;  New  York,  3G9  miles;  Boston,  329 
miles;  Philadelphia,  324  miles. 

CHARACTER  OF  THE  SERVICE. — In  view  of  all  the  surrounding  circum- 
stances, many  of  which  have  contributed  toward  making  street  car  transpor- 
tation in  Chicago  difficult,  the  service  rendered  the  public  by  the  different 
street  railway  companies  is  unsurpassed  in  any  city  in  the  world.  Yet  in  no 
city  in  the  country,  probably,  have  street  car  companies  been  subjected  to 
more  severe  and  unfair  criticism.  The  basis  of  this  criticism  has  usually 
been  a  comparison  with  the  lines  operated  in  other  and  smaller  places,  and 
in  population  centers  where  the  conditions  are  entirely  unlike  those  which 
have  to  be  contended  with  in  Chicago.  The  West  and  North  Side  companies 
have  borne  the  brunt  of  the  ill-natured  and  unreasonable  abuse,  which  cer- 
tain papers  sent  broadcast  without  as  much  as  deigning  intelligent  inquiry  as 
to  the  causesof  such  public  annoyance  as  has  occurred.  Especially  is  this 
the  case  in  the  matter  of  stoppages  and  accidents  of  various  kinds,  all  of 
which  have  been  susceptible  of  satisfactory  explanation,  and  that  without 
the  slightest  reflection  on  the  several  managements,  or  the  city.  The  climatic 
difficulties,  for  instance,  have  not  been  the  slightest  of  the  causes,  nor  yet 
the  easiest  to  overcome  in  perfecting  the  several  cable  systems.  We  have 
here  the  greatest  extremes  of  heat  and  cold,  the  variations  at  times  having 
been  as  radical  as  60°  in  twenty  four  hours.  Common  intelligence  under- 
stands at  a  glance  that  such  a  condition  means  the  great  contraction  and 
expansion  of  metals,  and  opens  upa  long  line  of  impediments  in  the  success- 
ful operating  of  machinery  exposed  to  the  elements,  to  say  nothing  of  the 
effect  on  the  slot  rails  of  cable  roads.  These  great  extremes  are  not  experi- 
enced in  cities  like  San  Francisco,  St.  Louis,  Cincinnati,  or  New  York,  yet 
the  critics  seem  to  have  forgotten  this.  In  many  of  the  cities,  too,  it  is  unusual 
for  a  "  grip  "  car  to  haul  more  than  one  trailer.  But  in  Chicago  the  South, 
North  and  West  Side  lines  always  draw  two,  and  often  three  trailers,  and  con- 
sequently much  heavier  loads  than  are  carried  in  other  places.  Then,  again, 
nowhere  else  do  the  ''  grips"  run  so  close  together  as  here,  especially  in  the 
early  morning  and  evening  hours  when  they  are  often  not  more  than  a  quarter 
of  a  minute  apart.  This,  however,  is  only  a  mere  taste  of  the  exactions  on 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  211 

the  West  and  North  Side  systems  by  eomparison,  for  while  on  most  cable 
roads  the  tracks  are  straight  and  run  on  a  level,  here  they  bend  around  blocks 
in  the  formation  of  return  "loops,"  and  while  on  the  "  loops"  climb  steep 
tunnel  grades,  and  this  when  they  are  loaded  the  heaviest.  For  instance,  the 
West  Madison  street  train  coming  east  turns  at  Jefferson  and  Madison  sts., 
at  Jefferson  and  Washington  (going  into  the  tunnel  beneath  the  river),  at 
Washington  and  Fifth  ave.  (having  passed  under  the  river),  at  Fifth  ave.  and 
Madison,  and  at  Madison  and  La  Salle  ;  and  going  west,  at  LaSalle  and  Ran- 
dolph, at  Randolph  and  Fifth  ave.,  at  Fifth  ave.  and  Washington,  at  Wash- 
ington and  Jefferson,  and  at  Jefferson  and  Madison.  The  service  of  the 
North  Side  cable  is  equally,  if  not  more,  exacting — its  loop  being  longer,  its 
curves  shorter,  and  the  engineering  difficulties  more  complicated.  In  a  word, 
nowhere  else  are  like  demands  made  on  cable  roads,  for  while  it  is  true  that 
other  systems  have  "  loops,"  it  is  also  true  that,  from  the  nature  of  their 
termini  they  are  used  as  switches  to  haul  empty  cars  around;  then,  again, 
the  further  fact  that  the  systems  spoken  of  are  the  only  ones  in  the  country 
that  have  tunnels  as  parts  of  their  "loops"  should  not  be  lost  sight  of  in 
making  comparisons.  But,  with  it  all,  the  service  of  these  particular  sys- 
tems is  simply  marvelous  in  its  regularity,  and  at  the  same  time  makes  the 
dream  of  rapid  transit  a  reality.  The  cars  are  comfortable,  the  roads  thor- 
oughly equipped. 

INCREASING  TRAFFIC. — The  traffic  on  the  street  car  lines  and  suburban 
railways  is  increasing  at  an  enormous  rate  annually.  The  street  cars  in  all 
divisions  of  the  city  are  over-crowded  almost  constantly.  The  North,  West 
and  South  Side  cars  are  all  carrying  more  people  than  they  were  built  to 
carry,  but  still  the  number  of  passengersis  increasing  every  day.  The  sub- 
urban trains  are  all  crowded.  On  the  Illinois  Central  the  same  state  of  affairs 
exists.  That  road  has  108  trains  every  day  to  accommodate  its  suburban  traf- 
fic, and,  although  from  five  to  twelve  cars  on  each  train,  which  run  half  an 
hour  apart,  except  in  the  early  morning  and  evening  hours,  when  there  is  an 
interval  of  five  minutes  between  trains,  the  seats  are  always  filled,  and  often 
people  are  standing  as  near  together  as  possible,  in  every  car.  When  a  train 
is  a  few  minutes  late  the  crowding  is  worse.  The  Northwestern  and  St.  Paul 
trains  are  also  crowded,  while  the  newer  roads,  which  are  just  developing  a 
suburban  region,  can  scarcely  keep  up  with  the  tax  upon  their  rolling  stock. 

PAY  OF  CABLE  EMPLOYES. — The  conductors  and  gripmcn  receive  pay 
according  to  the  number  of  trips  made.  On  the  Cottage  Grove  line  the  runs 
are  numbered  from  1  to  113  and  on  State  st.  from  1  to  111.  In  addition  to  the 
force  that  runs  these  cars  are  sixty-five  extra  gripmen  and  conductors  on  the 
Cottage  Grove  line  and  nearly  an  equal  number  on  the  State  st.  line.  A 
"regular"  has  his  "run"  as  long  as  he  can  do  his  work.  An  "extra"  goes 
on  only  when  one  of  the  "regulars"  is  off,  or  when  extra  cars  are  put  on. 
Consequently  all  the  employes  desire  to  become  regulars.  On  the  Cottage 
Grove  line  the  conductors  and  gripmen  receive  forty-two  cents  for  a  round 
trip  from  Thirty-ninth  st.  north,  and  sixty  cents  for  a  round  trip  over  the 
entire  length  of  the  line.  On  the  State  st.  line  the  pay  is  forty  and  fifty-six 
cents  respectively.  The  average  time  required  to  make  the  trip  from  Thirty- 
ninth  st.  is  115  minutes,  which  gives  each  conductor  and  gripman  about  $3.20 
a  day. 

STEAM  RAILROAD  SERVICE. — It  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  in  addition 
to  the  street  railways  of  this  city  it  has  a  steam  railroad  service,  in  connec- 
tion with  the  suburban  lines  of  several  of  the  great  railroad  companies,  which 


212  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

adds  immensely  to  the  transportation  facilities  of  the  public  between  points 
within  the  corporate  limits.  It  is  a  well-known  fact  that  the  Illinois  Central 
riiilroad  suburban  trains  carry  more  passengers  than  any  other  suburban  line 
in  the  world.  The  suburban  trains  of  the  company  carried  15,000,000 
passengers  in  1890.  Of  this  number  fully  four-fifths  were  passengers  carried 
between  points  within  the  city  limits.  The  Chicago  &  North-Western;  the 
Chicago,  Rock  Island  and  Pacific;  the  Chicago,  Burlington  &  Quincy;  the 
Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul;  the  Northern  Pacific  ;  the  Grand  Trunk  ; 
the  Eastern  Illinois,  and  other  railroad  companiesdo  a  heavy  suburban  business. 
Without  the  supplementary  aid  of  these  lines  it  would  be  impossible  for  the 
existing  lines  of  street  railways  to  meet  the  demands  of  the  public  for  transit. 

Chicago  City  Raihoay  Company.  — This  is  the  company  which  operates  the 
South  Side  cable  system.  During  the  pasteighteen  years  the  property  has 
grown  from  22*^  miles  of  track  to  152,  and  from  60  bobtail  cars  to  1,250 
of  the  largest  and  best.  Its  revenue  has  increased  from  $600,000  a  year  to 
nearly  three  and  one-half  millions;  its  patronage  from  30,000  passengers  a 
day  to  200,000;  the  speed  of  its  cars  from  five  miles  an  hour  to  an  average  of 
ten  miles  an  hour.  The  company  has  developed  a  cable  system  second  to 
none  in  the  world  in  extent,  efficiency,  and  public  regard.  During  these 
eighteen  years  not  a  single  strike  occurred  among  the  employes  of  the  com- 
pany. 

Business  done  in  1891.— During  1891  the  Chicago  City  Railway  Company, 
or  as  it  is  now  familiarly  known,  the  South  Side  Cable  Line,  carried  77,464,- 
965  passengers,  producing  a  revenue  to  the  company  of  $3,873,198.27.  Of 
this  $2,591,99599  was  earned  by  the  cable  cars,  and  $1,281,202.28  by  the 
horse  cars.  The  cost  of  operating  the  road  was  $2,534,315.66,  leaving  for 
net  earnings,  $1,338,882.61.  Out  of  this  there  was  paid  for  dividends,  $750.- 
000.00;  interest,  $216,585.45;  depreciation  cable  machinery  and  tracks,  $43,- 
091.53;total,  $1,009,676.98;  leaving  balance  to  income  account  of  $329,205.63. 
The  average  earnings  per  day  were  $10,611.50;  the  percentage  of  expenses  to 
earnings  was  65.43,  a  decrease  of  1.42  over  1890.  The  cost  of  operating  per 
car  per  mile  was — cable,  9. 369  cents;  horse,  23.334  cents;  all  lines,  13.055 
cents.  Number  of  miles  run  by  cable,  14,357,050;  horses,  5,096,560;  all  lines, 
19,453,610.  The  expense  per  passenger  was — cable, 2. 60  cents;  horse,  4.64 
cent;  all  lines,  3.35  cents.  During  1891  there  was  built  100  open  cars,  100 
grip  cars,  and  25  box  cars,  making  the  present  equipment  600  box  cars,  550 
open  cars  and  322  grip  cars.  Commenced  and  unfinished  25  box  cars  and  50 
open  cars.  One  mile  single  track  of  horse  line  was  laid  during  the  year, 
making  cable  track  34l||g  miles,  horse  track  113fff$  miles;  total,  148gV^ 
miles.  Horses  on  hand  Jan.  1, '91,  2,508;  purchased,  346;— 2,854:  sold  193, 
died,  112—305;  horses  on  hand  Jan.  1,  '92,  2,459.  Capital  stock,  $7,000,000. 
Bonds,  4%  percent,  $4,619,500. 

The  net  earnings  of  the  road  for  the  last  six  years  were  as  follows:  1886, 
$619,253;  1887,  $686,259;  1888,  $683,338;  1889,  $845,339;  1890,  $1,'139,097; 
1891,  1,338.882.61. 

OFFICERS  OF  THE  COMPANY. — The  following  directors  hold  office  for  1892: 
L.  Z.  Leiter,  D.  K.  Pearsons,  Samuel  D.  Allerton,  Erskine  M.  Phelps,  James 
C.  King.  William  B.  Walker  and  George  H.  Wheeler.  Following  are  the 
officers  for  1892:  George  H.  Wheeler,  president ;  James  C.  King,  first  vice- 
president;  Erskine  M.  Phelps,  second  vice-president ;  T.  C.  Pennington, 
treasurer ;  F.  A.  Green,  secretary,  and  M.  K.  Bowen,  assistant  superintend- 
ent. The  president,  Mr.  Wheeler,  is  practically  the  superintendent.  This 
road  now  carries  passengers  nine  and  one-half  miles  for.  five  cents. 


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THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  213 

North  Chicago  Street  Railroad  Company. — Has  an  authorized  capital  of 
$5,000,000.  The  capital  stock  is  all  issued  in  share  sof  $100  each  and  paid  up. 
The  company  was  incorporated  in  1886  under  Illinois  laws,  and  controls  the 
entire  street  surface  system  in  the  North  Division  of  Chicago.  The  company 
acquired  title  by  the  purchase  of  2,501  shares  of  the  capital  stock  of  the 
North  Chicago  City  Railway  Company,  paying  therefore  $600  per  share.  The 
total  of  shares  was  5,000.  The  companies  then  entered  into  a  mutual  operat- 
ing agreement  whereby  the  new  company,  agreed  to  pay  to  the  old  company 
$30  per  share  rental  annually  on  the  entire  stock.  The  lesser  company  also 
agreed  to  pay  the  principal  and  interest  of  the  bonded  indebtedness 
of  the  old  company  and  assume  all  other  liabilities.  Out  of  the  $30 
per  share  to  be  paid  annually,  for  rental,  $75,030,  or  the  rental 
on  the  2,501  shares,  reverts  to  the  credit  of  the  lesser  company,  the 
owner  of  the  shares.  The  issues  of  the  new  company  and  the  issues 
of  the  old  company,  which  are  guaranteed  by  the  former,  are  as  follows: 
Capital  stock,  paid  up,  $5,000,000;'first  mortgage  5  per  cent,  bonds  (new 
company),  $2,350,000;  first  mortgage  4^£  per  cent,  bonds  (old  company), 
$500,000;  second  mortgage4%  per  cent.  bonds(old  company),  $1,640, 000;  capi- 
tal stock  old  company  leased  at  $35  per  share,  $249,900.  The  first  mortgage 
bondsof  the  Chicago  Street  Railway  ($2,350,000)  are  for  $500  each,  bear  5  per 
cent,  interest  and  due  in  1906.  These  are  secured  by  a  mortgage  covering  all 
the  property  and  franchises  of  the  company,  and  the  mortgage  is  held  by  the 
Fidelity  Insurance,  Trust  ?,nd  Safe  Deposit  Company  of  Philadelphia;  interest 
payable  January  1st  and  July  1st.  The  $500,000  first  mortgage  bonds  bearing 
interest  at  6  per  cent,  of  the  North  Chicago  City  Railway  Company,  mature 
in  1900,  interest  payable  January  1st  and  July  1st.  The  $1,640,000  second 
mortgage  bonds  are  issued  by  the  North  Chicago  City  Railway  Company, 
bear  4%  per  cent,  interest,  and  are  payable  May  1st  and  November  1st  at  the 
company's  office.  The  $249,000  as  capital  stock  of  the  old  company  only 
leased  to  the  new  company  at  an  annual  rental  of  $35  per  share.  The  annual 
fixed  charges  are  $117,000,bearing  interest  at  5  per  cent. on  the  North  Chicago 
Street  R.  R.  Co.'s  first  mortgage  bonds,  $2,350,000,  interest  at  6  per  cent,  on 
North  Chicago  City  R.  R.  Co.  First  mortgage  bonds  of  $500,000— $30,000, 
interest  on  $1,640,000  4%  per  cent.  Second  mortgage  bonds  of  North  Chicago 
Street  R.  R.  Co.  $73,800,  interest  on  $500,000  6  per  cent.  5-20s  certificates  of 
indebtedness,  $30,000;  rental  of  2,499  shares  ($30  per  share)  of  North  Chicago 
City  Railway  Co.  stock,  $74,970,  thus  making  a  total  of  $326,270.  Accounts 
are  made  up  each  year  to  December  31st.  The  franchises  of  the  company  are 
very  valuable,  and  include  the  right-of-way  on  all  the  principal  streets  in  the 
North  division,  besides  use  of  bridges  and  the  tunnel.  The  company  pays  an 
annual  license  fee  to  the  city  of  $50  per  car.  The  mileage  of  all  the  North 
Side  lines  is  over  80  miles.  Part  of  the  system  is  cabled. 

OFFICERS  OP  THE  COMPANY. — Directors,  C.  T.  Yerkes,  W.  D.  Meeker. 
W.  L.  Elkins,  Charles  Henrotin,  C.  A.  Spring,  Jr;  president,  C.  T.  Yerkes; 
vice-president,  W.  F.  Furbeck;  treasurer  and  secretary,  W.  D.  Meeker, 
Office,  444  North  Clark  street.  Registrar,  Union  National  Bank.  Stock  trans- 
ferred at  company's  office.  Business  done  in  1891 :  The  earnings  of  the  North 
Chicago  Railway  Company  for  1891  were  $2,304,610.95;  expenses,  $1,221,- 
408.11;  net  earnings,  $1,083,202.84;  fixed  charges,  $469,744.80;  surplus, 
$613,458.04;  increase  of  earnings  in  1891  over  1890,  $329,856.70;  increase  in 
expenses,  $144,691.04;  car  mileage,  7,762,366;  passengers  carried,  44,343,905; 
trips  made,  1,227,853. 


GLIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

West  Chicago  Street  Railroad  Company. — This  company  operates  under 
lease  the  lines  of  the  Chicago  West  Division  Railroad  company  and  the 
Chicago  Passenger  Railway  company.  The  capital  stock  of  the  West 
Chicago  Street  Railroad  company  is  $10,000,000. 

BUSINESS  DONE  IN  1891. — The  gross  receipts  of  this  company  for  1891 
were  $4,169,200.74,  an  increase  over  1890  of  $505,819.05  ;  operating  expenses. 
$2,468,179.02;  net  income,  $1,701,021.72,  an  increase  of  $240,407.86;  appli- 
cable to  dividends,  $868,680.12.  or  over  8.68  per  cent,  on  the  capital  stock. 
The  miles  run  were  14,638,414,  an  increase  of  2,422,511,  which  is  equal  to 
increasing  the  service  of  the  lines  19.83  per  cent. 

DESCRIPTION  OP  CABLE  SYSTEM. — The  West  Side  system  is  the  newest 
and  most  elaborate  in  the  city  and  second  to  none  in  the  extent  of  its 
resources,  or  the  perfection  of  its  general  equipment,  and  for  this  reason 
whatever  is  said  in  a  descriptive  way  must  naturally  be  confined  to  it.  This 
as  well  as  the  North  Side  road,  it  will  be  borne  in  mind,  reaches  the  South 
Side,  or  business  center,  by  way  of  tunnels  under  the  Chicago  river.  These 
tunnels  were  built  by  the  city,  and  prior  to  the  companies  in  question 
using  them  were  mere  holes  in  the  ground,  and  represented  the 
waste  of  so  much  public  money.  President  Yerkes,  however,  saw 
how  they  could  be  utilized  to  abate  the  bridge  nuisance,  and 
otherwise  serve  the  people,  and  was  quick  to  move  in  the  matter  of  obtaining 
their  use.  In  consideration  of  the  city  allowing  him  to  use  the  La  Salle 
Street  tunnel  he  built  and  donated  to  the  public  two  double  steel  steam 
bridges  across  the  river,  one  at  Wells  and  the  other  at  Clark  street,  at  a  cost 
of  over  $300,000.  The  Washington  street  tunnel  was  in  a  far  worse  con- 
dition when  taken  hold  of — in  fact,  it  had  been  abandoned — and  before  it 
could  be  used  had  to  be  rebuilt  at  a  cost  of  nearly  $200,000.  Both  tunnels 
are  now  totally  unlike  what  they  were  a  few  years  ago,  and  the  public  not 
only  recognizes  the  wisdom  of  their  present  use,  but  finds  in  them  the  aboli- 
tion of  the  former  waits  at  the  swing  bridges,  which  is  worth  additional 
hundreds  of  thousands  of  dollars  to  the  city  every  year.  For  the  use  of  the 
Washington  street  tunnel  the  Chicago  Passenger  Railway  Company  built  a 
new  viaduct  at  Adams  street,  a  new  double  steam  bridge  at  the  same  point 
and  moved  the  Madison  street  bridge  to  Washington  street,  placing  it  upon 
a  new  pier  and  abutments.  The  West  Chicago  Street  Railway  Company 
for  the  franchise  on  Taylor  street  moved  the  Adams  street  bridge  to  Taylor 
street,  and  placed  it  upon  a  new  pier  and  abutments.  Thus  within  a  year 
two  important  streets  have  been  opened  to  through  traffic. 

THE  MADISON  STREET  LINE.  The  West  Side  cable  system  consists  of 
two  distinct  lines — the  Madison  street  line,  which  runs  directly  west,  and 
the  Milwaukee  avenue  line,  which  runs  northwest.  Both  lines  connect 
with  the  down-town  "loop"  hereafter  referred  to,  and  in  smoothness  of 
trackage  and  completeness  of  equipment  are  prepared  to  invite  the  most 
rigid  investigation  and  comparison.  The  power  for  the  operation  of  the 
system  is  supplied  from  three  distinct  power  houses,  all  of  which  are 
supplied  with  the  best  machinery  and  appliances  that  could  be  obtained. 
The  principal  power-house  is  located  at  Madison  and  Rockwell  streets, 
being  210x225  feet.  It  contains  two  1,200  horse-power  engines,  and  one 
of  these  is  going  night  and  day  (moving  the  cars  on  Madison  street),  while 
the  other  is  held  in  reserve  in  case  of  an  accident.  The  cable  running  west 
to  Fortieth  street  is  driven  at  the  rite  of  fourteen  miles  an  hour,  while 
the  one  running  east  is  driven  ten  and  a  half  miles  an  hour;  the  speed  of 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  215 

either  of  them,  however,  can  be  increased  at  will.  There  is  in  addition  a 
Corliss  engine  to  propel  a  loop  rope  in  the  power-house,  by  means  of 
which  the  cars  can  be  reversed  at  Rockwell  street,  whenever  it  is  necessary, 
The  power-house  itself  is  a  neat  and  attractive  structure,  lighted  by 
electricity,  and  surmounted  by  a  smoke-stack  175  feet  high. 

THE  MILWAUKEE  AVENUE  LINE. — The  Milwaukee  avenue  power-house, 
located  at  the  corner  of  Cleaver  street,  in  outward  appearance  and  general 
equipment  is  very  similar  to  the  one  on  Madison  street.  It  is  sup- 
plied with  two  Corliss  engines  of  1,200  horse-power  each,  which  were 
built  by  Fraser  &  Chalmers,  of  Chicago.  These  two  engines  operate  the 
entire  Milwaukee  avenue  system,  which  extends  from  Jefferson  and 
Washington  streets  to  Armitage  avenue.  The  west  rope  is  driven  at 
the  rate  of  twelve  miles  an  hour,  while  the  east  end  rope  is  moved  at 
the  rate  of  ten  and  one-half  miles.  As  with  the  Madison  street  ropes,  their 
speed,  however,  can  be  increased  or  lessened  at  will. 

THE  TUNNEL  LOOP. — The  third  power-house  is  located  at  the  coiner  of 
Jefferson  and  Washington  streets,  and  is  where  the  Company's  offices  are  to 
be  found.  This  station  is  furnished  with  two  one-thousanu  horse-power  Cor- 
liss engines,  which  are  used  to  operate  the  Washington  street  tunnel  loop. 
The  cars  of  both  the  Madison  street  and  Milwaukee  avenue  lines  are  deliv- 
ered to  the  cable  at  this  station,  and  by  it  they  are  drawn  through  the  tunnel 
and  around  the  loop  heretofore  mentioned.  The  service  of  this  particular 
cable  is  very  exacting.  At  times  the  heavily  loaded  trains  are  but  a  few 
seconds  apart,  yet  there  is  seldom,  if  ever,  any  cause  for  complaint,  so  perfect 
are  all  the  details  and  so  elaborate  the  machinery  and  appliances.  The  dyna- 
mos for  lighting  the  tunnel  are  also  located  at  this  point,  as  is  also  the  base  of 
an  electric  signal  system  which  extends  along  the  several  cable  lines.  By  this 
system  the  conductor  or  gripman  can  communicate  with  the  power-housefl 
and  offices  at  any  time,  which  is  an  adjunct  of  alrrost  incalculable  advantage 
in  keeping  the  'tracks  clear  and  promptly  stopping  the  machinery  in  case  of 
accidents  from  any  cause. 

THE  NEW  TUNNEL  AND  CABLE  SERVICE. — During  1891  the  work  on  the 
elegant  new  tunnel  just  north  of  Van  Buren  street  has  been  pushed  forward 
as  rapidly  as  such  work  can  be  properly  done  and  during  the  present  year  it 
will  be  opened  for  the  sole  use  of  the  cars  of  this  Company.  It  is  much  larger 
than  either  of  the  other  tunnels  and  is  pronounced  by  engineers  to  be  perfect. 
This  will  be  a  grand  thing  for  the  people  of  the  West  Side,  for  then  the 
bridge  nuisance  will  be  practically  overcome.  The  cable  lines  on  Blue  Island 
avenue  are  now  completed  as  far  southwest  as  Twenty-sixth  street,  and  on 
Halsted  street  from  Van  Buren  street  toO'Neil  street.  These  lines  have  been 
substantially  built,  the  steel  girder  rail  used  in  its  construction  being  heavier 
than  that  used  by  any  steam  road,  except  about  one  hundred  miles  on  the 
New  York  Central,  which  is  the  same  weight.  The  opening  of  these  lines 
during  the  present  year  will  cause  a  boom  in  the  south  and  southwest  portions 
of  the  city,  as  did  the  starting  of  the  Madison  street  and  Milwaukee  avenue 
lines  in  their  vicinity. 

NEW  CARS  AND  EXTENSIONS. — A  great  many  new  and  elegant  cars  have 
been  added  to  the  equipment  of  the  road  during  '91.  They  will  be  further 
increased  during  the  present  year.  These  cars  are  finer  and  larger  than  any 
heretofore  built,  and  the  management  deserves  great  credit  for  their  enter- 
prise. The  windows  are  very  large,  and  the  cars  are  lighted  by  four  chande- 
lier lamps.  The  tracks  have  been  extended  on  Twelfth  Street  from  Kedzie 


216  GUibE  fO   CHICAGO. 

avenue  west  to  Crawford  avenue,  and  on  North  avenue  from  California 
avenue  to  Crawford  avenue.  The  Ogden  avenue  line  has  been  extended 
to  Lawndale  avenue.  During  the  year  the  magnificent  viaduct  over  the  rail- 
road tracks  on  Ogden  avenue  will  be  completed,  when  this  will  be  one  of 
the  finest  lines  in  the  city.  The  tracks  on  Taylor  street  have  been  laid  from 
Canal  street  over  the  bridge  to  Fifth  avenue.  The  new  Madison  street 
bridge  has  been  swung,  so  that  it  will  be  seen  that  the  West  Side  has  not  been 
behind  in  the  matter  of  improved  service  and  accommodations.  Ordinances 
are  now  in  the  hands  of  the  Council,  which,  if  treated  fairly,  will  secure  for 
the  people  of  the  West  Division  of  the  city  the  cross-town  lines,  which  people 
so  badly  need,  and  which  the  Company  stand  ready  to  build — in  fact  the 
material  for  this  purpose  is  now  on  hand  and  the  lines  can  be  in  operation 
within  six  months  from  the  passage  of  the  ordinances. 

AIDS  TO  PUOMPT  SERVICE. — Delays  occasioned  by  heavily  loaded  wagons 
breaking  down  on  the  tracks,  or  from  fires  is  almost  a  thing  of  the  past, 
thanks  to  the  service  of  the  Company's  wrecking  wagon  and  fire  wagon.  The 
former  carries  everything  needed  to  remove  a  wrecked  stone  or  coal  wagon, 
and  the  latter  an  iron  "  hose  bridge  "  for  raising  the  fire  hose  over  the  tracks 
so  that  cars  can  pass  underneath  it. 

NEW  DESPLAINES  STEET  POWER  HOUSE. — This  new  addition  to  the  cable 
service  of  the  West  Side  is  now  about  completed  and  is  perfect  in  every 
respect.  It  is  situated  on  Desplaines  street,  just  north  of  Washington  street, 
and  will  be  used  to  operate  any  new  loop  that  may  be  put  into  service,  and 
also  as  a  reserve  in  case  of  any  accident  to  the  plant  now  in  use  at  the  corner 
of  Washington  and  Jefferson  streets.  The  new  building  is  25x153  feet,  sur- 
mounted by  a  smoke-stack  150  feet  high.  The  foundations  cover  the  entire 
space  occupied  by  the  building.  The  building  contains  a  1,000  horse-power 
Corliss  engine,  3(5x72.  Six  upright  boilers,  7  feet  in  diameter,  18  feet  10  inches 
over  all,  each  boiler  containing  230  tubes  2%  inches  by  14  feet.  This  plant  is 
arranged  to  use  oil  as  fuel  in  order  to  overcome  the  smoke  nuisance.  In  fact 
the  management  deserves  credit  for  having  gone  to  the  expense  of  changing 
all  of  its  plants  to  use  this  fuel  in  order  to  assist  in  abating  this  evil. 

OFFICERS  OF  THE  COMPANY. — The  officers  are  :  President,  Mr.  Chas.  T. 
Yerkes;  Vice-President  and  General  Manager,  Jno.  B.  Parsons;  Secretary  and 
Assistant  General  Manager,  R.  C.  Crawford;  Treasurer,  Geo.  E.  Newlin. 

TRACKAGE  OF  THF,  COMPANY.— During  1892  the  company  laid  seven  and 
one-half  miles  of  new  track.  Fifty  miles  of  new  track  will  probably  be 
laid  during  the  present  year,  if  the  company  and  the  city  council  come  to  an 
understanding  regarding  rights  of  way,  etc. 

OFFICERS  OF  THE  COMPANY. — The  officers  are :  President,  Mr.  0.  T. 
Yerkes.  Directors  :  C.  T.  Yerkes,  W.  L.  Elkins,  J.  B.  Parsons,  R.  C.  Craw- 
ford, David  R.  Fraser. 

Other  Lines  Completed  and  Projected.— The  year  1891  will  probably  see 
remarkable  activity  in  the  building  of  rapid  transit  lines  of  city  railway. 
Among  the  new  lines  completed,  under  way  and  projected,  are  the  following: 
CALUMET  ELECTRIC  ROAD. — This  line  is  but  the  beginning  of  an  exten- 
sive system  to  connect  the  various  manufacturing  and  residence  suburbs 
which  now  lack  proper  communication  with  each  other.  It  extends  from 
the  South  Chicago  Rolling  Mills  by  way  of  Eighty-ninth  st.,  Mackinaw  ave., 
Harbor  ave.,  Ninety-third  st.  and  Stony  Island  ave.  to  Ninety-fifth  st.  The 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  *17 

Rae  system  of  propulsion  by  means  of  overhead  wires  is  employed.  It  dif- 
fers from  the  Sprague  and  the  Thompson-Houston  systems  chiefly  in  hav- 
ing a  single  motor  for  each  car  instead  of  two  smaller  ones.  A  speed  of  from 
fifteen  to  twenty  miles  is  attained  with  entire  safety,  as  the  road-bed  is  firm 
and  the  cars  are  strongly  built,  weighing  more  than  five  tons  each.  The 
curves  and  switches  are  guarded  against  accident  by  an  automatic  device  of 
which  Mr.  Loss  is  the  inventor.  At  the  power-house  are  engines  of  125  horse- 
power, capable  of  supplying  the  lines  now  in  existence,  that  is  the  one  opened 
yesterday  and  another  already  built  from  Pullman  to  Cottage  Grove  ave.  and 
Eighty-seventh  street.  A  connecting  line  has  been  opened  from  South  Chicago 
to  the" Pullman  line  at  Cottage  Grove  avenue  and  One  Hundred  and  Fourth 
street.  As  soon  as  practicable  the  system  will  be  extended  to  One  Hundred 
and  Fifteenth  street,  through  One  Hundred  and  Fifteenth  St.,  Michigan 
avenue,  One  Hundred  and  Eleventh  street,  and  Vincennes  road,  around 
Washington  Heights  and  Morgan  Park.  Further  extensions  will  probably 
follow.  The  overhead  system  will  be  removed  if  an  economical  and  other- 
wise suitable  storage  battery  appears.  It  is  said  that  none  at  present 
exists. 

CAHETTE  LINES.— Operated  by  the  Russell  Street  Carette  Company.  Office 
of  company,  148  S.  Green  street.  Officers:  A.  W.  Buokwood,  president;  W. 
H.  Cowles,  secretary  and  general  manager  ;  Edward  Twitty,  treasurer. 
Organized  July  19,  1889.  This  company  operates  carette  lines  over  Madison, 
Adama  and  Rush  streets,  from  Ashland  avenue  to  Lincoln  Park.  Number 
of  cars  at  present  in  the  service,  thirty-five;  number  of  horses,  three  hundred. 
The  company  expects  to  increase  its  equipment  during  the  next  three  years  to 
two  or  three  hundred  cars.  This  is  the  only  line  that  transports  passengers 
without  change,  between  the  West  and  North  Sides  of  the  city,  covering  a 
portion  of  the  South  Side  on  the  way.  The  Russell  Carette  is  a  more  com- 
fortable vehicle  than  any  yet  introduced  to  meet  the  demands  of  the  public 
for  a  conveyance  which  can  be  operated  on  streets  without  tracks.  It  is 
much  larger  and  moves  much  easier  than  the  omnibus.  It  is  provided  with  a 
rear  platform,  which  is  as  low  and  convenient  for  elderly  persons  as  the 
street  car  platform.  A  conductor  as  well  as  a  driver  accompanies  every 
carette  and  the  general  conduct  of  the  vehicle  is  similar  to  that  followed  in  the 
management  of  the  street  car.  The  carette  has  the  advantage  of  being  able 
to  turn  aside  from  its  course  to  evade  other  vehicles,  while  it  can  pick  up  and 
discharge  its  passengers  at  tb  e  curb  line.  Each  carette  will  furnish  seats  com- 
fortably for  twenty  persons  -ten  on  each  side— and  in  addition  there  is  a  seat 
in  front  for  at  least  three  persons,  which  is  very  popular.  While  the  rear 
platform  affords  standing  room  fora  number  of  persons,  each  carette  actually 
seats  twenty-three  persons,  yet  they  frequently  carry  from  thirty  to  forty  per- 
sons at  a  time  and  have  had  as  many  as  forty-seven  passengers  on  a  single 
trip.  The  carettes  are  nicely  upholstered,  contain  spring  seats  and  backs 
covered  with  Wilton  carpet.  The  interior  is  finished  with  white,  natural 
woods,  ash  and  cherry  being  used  for  doors,  windows,  frames,  etc.  All  trim- 
mings are  of  bronze. 

CICERO  AND  PROVISO  STREET  RAILWAY  COMPANY. — The  electric  line  oper- 
ated by  this  company  extends  from  the  terminus  of  the  W.  Madison  st.  cable 
line,  W.  Madison  and  Fortieth  sts.,  to  Oak  Park.  It  will  be  extended  further 
west.  The  ride  is  a  delightful  one,  passing  as  the  line  does  through  some  of 
the  most  beautiful  of  our  western  prairie  suburbs.  The  principal  suburbs 
reached  are  Austin  and  Oak  Park. 


218  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

Contracts  have  been  let  for  the  construction  of  extensions  from  Harlem 
avenue,  the  present  terminus,  to  the  Desplaines  river  and  on  Desplaines  avenue, 
from  Madison  street  south  to  Twelfth  street.  The  road  is  to  be  double 
tracked.  The  electrical  equipment  will  be  put  in  by  the  Edison  General 
Electric  Company.  The  rolling  stock  for  the  road  built  at  Pullman  will  con- 
sist of  twelve  motor  cars  with  twenty-five  horse-power  equipments  to  each 
car,  geared  to  rtfn  from  twenty  to  twenty-five  miles  per  hour.  These  cars 
will  draw  open  trail  cars.  The  new  lines  will  be  completed  and  in  operation 
by  August  1st.  The  present  road  is  succeeding  beyond  the  expections  of  its 
projectors  and  has  had  a  wonderful  effect  upon  the  value  of  property  along 
its  lines. 

EQUITABLE  TRANSPORTATION  Co. — A  permit  was  recently  issued  in  this 
city  for  the  construction  of  an  "  L"road  in  the  old  town  of  Lake,  upon  the 
franchise  guaranteed  in  1889  to  the  Equitable  Transportation  Company.  At 
this  writing  there  seems  to  be  no  doubt  but  that  the  road  will  be  built  within 
the  coming  two  years.  The  company  has  the  right  to  build  on  Eighty-seventh 
from  State  street  to  Western  avenue.  This  is  right  along  the  line  of  active 
growth  in  population,  and  is  the  territory  for  which  the  South  Side  alley  L 
road  is  supposed  to  be  aiming  by  the  ordinance  for  the  right  of  way  along 
Vincennes  avenue,  asked  for  in  the  name  of  W.  D.  Chidester.  It  is  also  the 
territory  for  which  the  lately  organized  north  and  south  elevated  road  is  aim- 
ing. Thus  there  are  three  competitors  for  this  territory,  making  it  morally 
certain  that  vast  improvements  in  transportation  facilities  for  this  region  are 
soon  to  be  had.  The  Equitable  Transportation  Company,  by  the  liberal  terms 
of  its  ordinance,  would  seem  to  have  the  decided  advantage.  It  is  given  the 
right  to  erect  telegraph,  telephone,  electric  and  pneumatic  appliances  on  all  its 
various  lines.  These  various  lines,  as  provided  in  the  ordinance,  are  : 

1.  State  and  Thirty-ninth  streets  to  Halsted  and  Thirty-ninth;  on  Halsted  south 
to  Vincennes  or  Summit  avenue;  southwest  on  either  of  these  avenues  to  Eighty-sev- 
enth street,  and  tin-nee  to  State  and  Eighty-seventh. 

2.  State  and  Thirty-ninth  to  State  and  Eighty-seventh  streets. 

3.  State  and  Vincennes  road  to  Summit  avenue. 

4.  Forty-seventh  street  and  Center  avenue  to  Center  avenue  and  Eighty-seventh 
fctreet. 

5.  On  Ashland  avenue  from  Thirty-ninth  to  Eighty-seventh  street. 

6.  On  Western  avenue  from  Thirty-ninth  to  Eighty  seventh  street. 

7.  On  Wallace  street  from  Thirty-ninth  to  Forty-.-econd  and  thence  on  Forty-sec- 
ond to  Halsted. 

8.  On  Seventy-ninth  street  from  State  to  Johnson  avenue, 

9.  From  State  to  Halsted  on  Forty-third  street. 
10      On  Sixty-ninth  from  State  to  Johnson  avenue1 . 

11.  On  Forty-seventh  street  from  State  to  Johnson  avenue. 

12.  On  Johnson  avenue  from  Thirty-ninth  to  Eight1,  -seventh  street. 

13.  On  Ashland  avenue  from  Thirty-ninth  to  Eighty-seventh  street. 

LAKE  STUEKT  ELEVATED  RAILROAD. — The  superstructure  of  this 
railroad  was  completed  from  Cana!  street,  along  Lake  street  on  the  West 
Side,  very  nearly  to  Union  Park,  in  the  spring  of  the  last  year.  Its 
course  in  the  future  is  entirely  unsettled,  but  the  probabilities  are  that  it 
will  have  two  branches,  one  extending  toward  the  northwestern  portion  of  the 
city,  the  other  extending  to  the  southwestern,  while  the  main  stem  will  follow 
the  Hue  of  Lake  street  into  Cicero,  passing  through  the  environs  of  Austin 
and  Oak  Park.  As  far  as  completed  the  road  is  substantially  built.  It  will 
have  a  double  track,  and  will  be  operated  in  a  manner  similar  to  the  system 
employed  on  the  New  York  elevated  roads.  The  question  of  securing  a 
South  Side  terminal  that,  is  a  starting-point  on  the  south  side  of  the  city,  or 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  219 

in  the  business  district,  is  not  settled.  There  have  been  several  propositions 
regarding  the  establishment  of  a  terminal  east  of  the  south  branch  of  the 
river,  but  all  have  been  abandoned  for  the  time  being  at  least.  The  probable 
route  of  the  line  through  the  business  district  is  via  the  alley -ways  parallel- 
ing Lake  street,  from  Market  street  east. 

MILWAUKEE  AVENUE  ELEVATED  ROAD. — The  Chicago  Transit  Company, 
with  a  capital  stock  of  $12,000,000,  was  granted  articles  of  incorporation 
last  year  by  the  Secretary  of  State.  The  incorporators  are:  J.M.Hannahs, 
who  is  Vice-president  of  the  Elevated  road  which  expects  to  run  up  Mil- 
waukee avenue;  H.  M.  Taylor,  and  G.  W.  Stanford.  The  incorporators  say 
they  intend  to  construct  a  road  that  will  furnish  rapid  transit  for  the 
North  Side  residents  from  some  point  on  the  river  between  State  and  Market 
and  to  build  their  road  on  private  property,  which  they  will  acquire  by  pur- 
chase, lease,  or  condemnation  to  some  portion  of  the  city  where  the  streets 
are  less  crowded.  The  road  will  run  from  the  Chicago  River  to  Waukegan, 
but  it  is  probable  it  will  be  elevated  only  to  Evanston,  beyond  it  will  be  a 
surface  road.  The  motive  power  will  be  electricity. 

NEW  ELECTKIC  ROAD. — A  new  electric  road  has  been  projected  for  North 
Side,  Chicago.  The  proposed  route  is  from  Diversey  avenue  on  Evanston 
avenue  to  the  Ridge  road,  along  the  Ridge  road  to  Oakton  avenue.  At  this 
point  a  T  will  be  formed  by  one  lice  running  east  to  Calvary  Cemetery  and 
another  west,  connecting  the  main  line  with  the  Montrose  cut-off.  The  road 
will  open  up  for  settlement  an  entirely  new  section  of  country,  and  be  of 
great  benefit  to  South  Evanston. 

RANDOLPH  STREET  ELEVATED  RAILROAD. — The  company  which  projected 
this  line,  to  penetrate  the  West  Division  from  the  heart  of  the  city , via  Randolph 
St.,  has  met  with  some  obstacles  in  the  courts,  and  its  future  movements  are 
uncertain. 

SOUTH  END  ELECTRIC  RAILWAY. — A  new  corporation;  capital,  $100,000. 
The  plan  is  to  connect  the  territory  on  the  ridge  with  the  Pullman  electric 
lines  at  One  Hundred  and  Fifteenth,  One  Hundred  and  Eleventh,  One 
Hundred  and  Third,  and  Ninety-fifth  streets,  and  also  to  connect  at  the 
latter  with  the  Calumet  Electric  street  railroad  for  South  Chicago.  The 
road  will  be  one  of  the  best  in  the  country.  The  rails  used  will  be  of  the 
girder  type,  weighing  seventy  pounds  to  the  yard.  The  electrical  apparatus 
is  to  be  of  the  very  best,  involving  some  new  features  whereby  all  noise  is 
obviated  and  a  high  rate  of  speed  can  be  maintained  if  necessary. 

SOUTH  SIDE  ALLEY  "  L  "  ROAD. — An  elevated  railroad  running  from  Van 
Buren  street  south  to  39th  over  the  alley  between  State  street  and  Wabash 
avenue  and  projected  to  the  Indiana  Stale  line.  The  line  up  to  this  writing 
is  almost  wholly  completed  between  Van  Buren  and  39th  streets.  It  will  be 
ready  for  rolling  stock  during  the  present  summer.  Nothing  is  definitely 
known  as  to  the  course  the  main  line  or  its  branches  may  take  after  leaving 
39th  street.  Various  maps  showing  the  course  of  the  road  have  been  pub- 
lished, and  some  of  them,  perhaps,  with  authority,  but  they  are  all  subject  to 
change.  The  company  haying  the  project  in  hand  was  belayed  in  its  opera- 
tions during  the  year  1891  on  account  of  a  scarcity  of  funds,  but  toward  the 
close  of  the  year  named,  $3,600,000  were  raised  and  the  work  was  pushed 
rapidly  forward.  The  equipments  of  the  road  will  be  first-class.  Handsome 
depot  buildings  at  the  street  intersections  have  been  erected.  It  is  expected 


2.20  GUIDE  TO  CHCAGO. 

that  the  facilities  afforded  by  this  road  will  greatly  relieve  the  strain  whica  is 
now  felt  by  the  South  Side  Cable  Car  Company,  while  it  will  assist  still 
further  in  developing  the  territory  lying  south  of  39th  street.  It  is  under- 
stood that  the  alley  elevated  railroad  will  not  extent  north  of  Van  Bureu 
street  for  some  time,  if  ever.  Mr.  L.  Z.  Leiter,  it  is  said,  is  heavily  interested 
in  the  enterprise  now  and  probably  will  control  it  in  the  future.  It  will  be  a 
part  of  his  plan,  if  so,  to  locate  the  northern  terminal  of  the  line  at  Van  Buren 
street  in  the  vicinity  of  his  great  building  and  in  a  locality  where  he  has 
immense  property  interests.  It  is  the  deteimination  of  Mr.  Ltiter  and  cithers 
associated  with  him  to  establish  in  that  vicinity  the  business  center  which  the 
erection  of  the  Auditorum  rendered  certain  some  years  ago.  Mr.  Leiler,  it 
is  well  known,  is  a  large  stock-holder  in  the  Chicago  City  Railway  Company 
(the  South  S.de  cable  line).  He  is  also  interested  in  the  North  Side  Company. 
The  West  Division  Railway  Company  will  have  completed  the  construction 
of  a  tunnel  at  the  close  of  the  present  jear  at  Van  Buren  street,  and  the  Norih 
Side  road  is  credited  with  the  intention  of  extending  its  cable  line  to  the  Polk 
Street  depot,  and  the  South  bide  Company,  as  is  well  understood,  co  operates 
•with  the  Alley  Elevated  Road.  Everything  in  the  way  of  rapid  transporta- 
tion turns  toward  Van  Buren  street  as  a  center  and  the  determination  has 
been  expressed  frequently  among  capitalists  capable  of  carrying  it  out  that 
Van  Buren  street  shall  be  an  artery  of  trade  second  to  none  in  the  city.  There 
are  some  projects  for  the  construction  of  arcades  from  State  street  acioss  to 
3d  avenue,  to  connect  the  new  business  center  with  the  old  quarter,  around 
the  Board  of  Trade,  and  south  of  that  point.  One  of  these  is  a  scheme  for  a 
connection  from  a  point  near  the  head  of  Congress  street.  The  exact 
method  of  forming  a  convenient  terminus  for  the  Alley  Elevated  road  has 
not  been  decided  upon,  but  it  will  be  a  loop  or  a  stub,  the  effect  of  which  will 
be  to  discharge  passengers  in  large  numbers  at  Congress  and  Van  Buren 
streets,  mainly,  no  doubt,  on  the  former.  The  Alley  Elevated  Railroad  can 
never  be  a  completed  line  until  it  shall  have  at  least  penetrated  the  Jackson 
Park  district.  It  is  understood  that  every  effort  will  be  put  forth  in  that 
direction  so  that  the  line  will  be  in  full  operation  before  the  opening  of  the 
World's  Columbian  Exposition  in  the  spring  of  1893. 

Wabash  Avenue  Sub-Railway  Transportation  Company. — Articles  of  incor- 
p  .ration  of  the  Wabash  Avenue  Sub-Railway  Transportation  were  filed  early 
in  1891.  According  to  the  articles  it  is  proposed  to  build  a  sub-railway  com- 
mencing at  a  point  at  the  north  line  of  the  Chicago  River,  at  the  south  end  of 
Cass  street,  in  the  city  of  Chicago,  thence  running  south  under  the  center 
line  of  Wabash  avenue  to  Eighty-first  street.  The  capital  stock  is  $10,000,- 
000.  The  iucorporators  and  first  board  of  directors  are  George  W.  Cole, 
Maria  E.  Beasley,  J.  Warren  Pease,  Silas  Rhodes  and  Pleasant  Amick.  The 
electric  overhead  system  will  be  used. 

CLUBS— ATHLETIC,  SPORTING,  ETC. 

Athletic  Club  Houses. — Amo*ng  the  leading  athletic  club  houses  of  the  city 
are:  The  new  home  of  the  Chicago  Athletic  Association,  on  Michigan  ave., 
between  Madison  and  Monroe;  the  Fairaput  Club  House;  the  Illinois  Cycling 
Club  House,  1068  Washington  Bd.;  the  Lincoln  Club,  No.  1,  Park  ave.;  the 
Chicago  Cricket  Club,  Parkside,  the  Englewood  Club,  and  the  Oak  Park 
Cycling  Club  House  now  being  built  at  the  coiner  of  Oakwood  Bd.  and 
Prairie  ave. 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company.] 
AREND'S  DRUG  STORE -MADISON  ST.  AND  FIFTH  AVE. 
[See  "Guide."] 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  221 

Base  Ball  Clubs. — In  1891  there  wps  one  professional  base  ball  club  in  this 
city,  under  the  managtment  of  the  National  League.  There  are  two  base  ball 
grounds,  one  on  the  West  Side  and  one  on  the  South  Side.  Van  Buren  street 
horse  ears  reach  he  former;  State  street  cable  cars  and  L.  S.  &  M.  S.  Railway 
the  latter.  "  The  Chicago  Ball  Club  " — office,  108  Madison  street;  president, 
James  A.  Hart;  secretary,  F.  H.  Andrus;  treasurer,  John  A.  Brown.  "  Chi- 
cago City  Base  Ball  League  "  comprises  eight  clubs.  Offices,  108  Madison 
street  and  145  Monroe  street;  president,  James  C.  Moodey,  vice-president, 
Virgil  M.  Brand;" secretary,  Ferd  Wirtz;  treasurer,  John  S.  Burke;  mana- 
ger, Frank  Rheims.  PARKS — North:  Halsted  street  and  North  avenue;  take 
C.  M.  &  St.  P.  train  (Evanston  Division)  or  North  Halsted  street  horse  car. 
South:  Thirty  ninth  street  and  Wentworth  avenue;  take  Wabash  avenue  cable 
car.  Went:  Ogden  avenue  and  Rockwell  street;  take  Ogden  avenue  horse  car. 
WESTERN  ASSOCIATION  OP  BASE  BALL  CLUBS — Meets  at  108  Madison  street; 
president,  L.  C.  Kransthoff ,  Kansas  City,  Mo. 

Boat  and  Yacht  Clubs. — CATLIN  BOAT  CLUB,  Lake  shore,  foot  of  Pearson. 
President,  Charles  Catlin;  secretary  and  treasurer,  T.  P.  Hillinan.  CHICAGO 
CANOE  CLUB— A  boating  organization  of  the  South  Side;  member  of  the  West- 
ern Canoe  Association;  boat  house  foot  of  Thirty-seventh  st.  C.  W.  Lee, 
purser.  CHICAGO  YACHT  CLUB — Commodore,  A.  J.  Fisher;  secretary,  Harry 
Duvall,  655  Rookery  building;  treasurer,  F.  W.  S  Brawley.  COUNTESS  YACHT 
CLUB — Room  25,  6,  Sherman.  President,  Sidney  W.  Woodbury;  treasurer,  E. 
W.  Heinck.  EVANSTON  BOAT  CLUB — Located  on  Sheridan  road  (Lake  Shore 
drive)  in  the  suburb  of  Evanston.  Take  train  at  Wells  street  depot,  Wells  apd 
Kinzie  sts.,  North  Side,  or  at  Union  depot,  Canal  and  Adams  sts.,  West  Side. 
Officers:  Frank  Winne,  president;  George  Lunt,  vice-president;  E.  G.  Angle, 
secretary;  J.  B.  Ide,  treasurer,  and  James  Judd,  captain.  The  club  house  is 
an  elegant  one,  and  it  is  the  center  of  the  social  life  of  the  younger  portion  of 
Evanston's  society.  Among  the  events  looked  forward  to  with  pleasurable 
anticipations  by  Evanston  people  is  the  annual  regatta  given  by  the  club. 
Rowing  has  become  a  popular  amusement  with  the  youngpeople  of  the  town. 
Many  ladies  have  become  experts,  and  almost  any  fine  day  their  barks  can  be 
seen  skimming  the  surface  of  the  lake.  FARRAGUT  BOAT  CLUB — Located  at 
3016  and  3018  Lake  Park  ave.  Take  Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line. 
Organized  in  1872.  Occupiosa  handsome  brick  building,  two  stories  and  base- 
ment. In  the  basement  are  the  bowling  alley,  pool  room  and  lavatories;  on  the 
first  floor  are  the  parlors,  reception  room,  billiard  room,  card  room  and  library. 
On  the  second  floor  are  a  dancing  hall  and  theatre,  with  equipment  of  scenery, 
etc.,  and  seating  capacity  of  400.  A  seriesof  entertainments  are  given  during 
the  winter  seasons.  The  boat  house  of  the  club  is  a  one-story  brick  building 
on  the  south  snore,  foot  of  Thirty -third  st.  The  club  owns  about  twenty  five 
boats,  including  an  eight-oared  barge,  four-oared  shells,  four-oared  gigs, 
single  and  double  shells,  single  and  double  training-boats  and  pleasure  boats 
of  all  descriptions.  Admission  fee,  $50;  annual  dues,  $24.  Officers:  president, 
C.  F.  Bryant;  secretary,  E.  M.  Shinner;  treasurer,  Frank  M.  Staples;  captain, 
E.  8.  Hunter.  FARRAGUT  NAVAL  ASSOCIATION  op  CHICAGO — Meets  third 
Thursdays.  Commodore,  J.  J.  Sullivan  ;  executive  officer,  C.  B. 
Plattenberg  ;  paymaster,  Thomas  L.  Johnson  ;  secretary,  William  S. 
Kaufman.  LINCOLN  PARK  YACHT  CLUB— Organized  in  1890.  Officers: 
Commodore,  James  J.  Wilson;  vice-commodore,  S.  S.  Johnson;  rear 


222  GUIDE   TO    CHCAGO. 

commodore,  A.  E.  Back;  treasurer,  H/  A.  Paus;  secretary,  C.  O.  Andrews; 
committee  on  membership,  E  C.  Benniman,  D.  D.  Button,  C.  Johnson.  The 
club  consists  in  the  main  of  those  yachtmen,  who,  during  the  last  season,  kept 
their  craft  in  the  new  slip  at  Lincoln  Park  inside  of  the  new  drive  that  is  being 
constructed  along  the  old  Lake-Shore  drive,  several  hundred  feet  out  in  the 
lake.  This  new  slip  is  the  only  place  around  Chicago  that  can  be  called  a 
yacht  harbor,  and,  although  not  completed  and  not  as  handy  as  might  be, 
owing  to  the  continuance  of  the  work  on  the  drive,  was  used  last  season  by 
about  ten  or  a  dozen  yachts  as  permanent  shelter.  The  owners  of  these  yachts 
have  noworganized  as  a  club  for  co-operation  in  matters  concerning  yacht  in;.', 
for  economy  and  safety  in  taking  care  of  the  boats,  and  in  order  to  be  able  to 
look  after  their  interests  in  submitting  suggestions  or  requests  to  the  Park 
Commissioners  with  reference  to  the  new  drive  and  the  harbor  it  encloses. 
OGDEN  BOAT  CLUB — Lake  Shore,  foot  of  Superior.  President,  J.  V.  Clarke, 
Jr.;  secretary,  J.  D.  Caidwell;  treasurer,  J.  B.  Waldo;  captain,  W.  R.  Cregier. 
Chicago  Athletic  Association. —  The  idea  of  organizing  the  above  associa- 
tion and  building  for  it  a  suitable  home  originated  with  one  or  two  of  the 
present  members  in  January,  1889.  Object  of  the  association  :  to  encourage 
all  manly  sports  and  promote  physical  culture.  Present  number  of  members, 
1,500,  including  many  of  the  li-ading  business  and  professional  men  of  the 
•  city.  Location  of  new  gymnasium  building,  Michigan-avenue,  between  Mad- 
ison and  Monroe,  facing  east,  only  a  short  walk  from  the  business  center. 
This  magnificent  home  for  the  Chicago  Athletic  Association  was  begun  in 
February  of  the  past  year.  The  new  building  contains  the  largest  and  best- 
equipped  athletic  club  house  in  the  United  States,  and  cost  $500,000.  The 
ground  upon  which  it  stands  measures  80x172  feet.  The  building  is  of  a  sub- 
stantial character,  with.a  front  of  yellowish  brick  and  gray  stone  in  Venetian 
style,  with  tall,  diamond-cut  windows  covering  the  fourth  and  fifth  floors, 
which  are  thrown  into  one  so  as  to  give  ample  height  to  the  gymnasium.  The 
eighth  story  has  balconies  large  enough  to  set  tables  and  chairs  upon  for  those 
who  want  to  enjoy  the  fresh  air  and  the  prospect  upon  Lake  Michigan.  That 
floor  is  us(d  for  the  dining  rooms.  The  ninth  and  tenth  stories  have  no  win- 
dows, being  lighted  by  skylights,  as  they  are  set  apart  for  the  ball  courts. 
The  basement  contains  eight  bowling  alleys,  reaching  under  the  sidewalk  ;  a 
shooting  gallery,  running  the  whole  depth  of  the  building  ;  a  bicycle  storage 
room,  with  lockers,  and  connected  by  an  incline  with  the  bicycle  club 
room  on  the  first  floor  ;  large  storage  and  repair  rooms  and  the  boilers 
and  machinery.  The  first  story  is  reached  by  a  spacious  vestibule  in 
the  center  of  the  front,  with  the  business  office  and  reception  and 
coat  rooms  on  either  side.  A  large  hall  at  the  top  of  the  steps  opens 
into  the  lavatory,  barber  shop  and  dressing  rooms,  back  of  which  are  the 
Turkish  and  Russian  baths,  a  swimming  tank  measuring  40xGO  feet,  and  a 
lounging  room.  Another  door  leads  from  the  hall  to  the  bicycle  club  room, 
which  has  a  separate  entrance  from  the  street  to  admit  wheelmen  and  their 
machines,  the  object  being  to  make  it  convenient  for  bicyclists  to  ride  up  to 
the  door  of  the  building,  store  their  machines,  put  on  their  business  suits 
and  leave  their  wheels  there  during  the  day.  The  second  story  consists  of  a 
large  hall  in  front,  with  a  cafe  at  the  south  end,  separated  by  a  colonnade, 
and  a  billiard  room  with  twenty-six  tables.  Between  the  two  main  rooms 
are  small  apartments  for  the  billiard  markers  and  lavatory  and  serving  room. 
The  third  floor  contains  a  library  and  reading  room  at  the  southeast  end. 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  223 

with  two  club  rooms  adjoining,  lavatory,  drying  room,  linen  room  and  office. 
The  rear  half  is  given  up  to  thirty-seven  baths,  with  1,500  lockers  and  106 
dressing  rooms.  The  gymnasium  occupies  the  fourth  and  fifth  stories. 
Three  rooms  are  used  for  special  apparatus,  leaving  for  the  gymnasium 
proper  a  larger  space  than  is  given  to  any  other  similar  institution  in  the 
country.  The  running  track  is  on  a  balcony  at  the  height  of  the  fifth  story, 
so  as  not  to  interfere  with  the  work  of  gymnasts.  The  length  of  the  track 
is  ten  laps  to  the  mile.  The  sixth  and  seventh  stories  are  occupied  by  bed- 
rooms, sixty-six  in"  number,  with  the  necessary  baths  and  other  requisites. 
The  eighth  story  is  taken  up  by  dining  rooms,  there  being  one  large  general 
dining  room  and  several  private  rooms,  with  the  store  rooms,  kitchen,  etc., 
in  the  rear.  The  balconies  on  this  floor  can  be  used  by  dinner  parties.  The 
ninth  and  tenth  stories  are  thrown  into  one  and  contain  two  racquet  courts,  a 
tennis  court  and  five  courts  with  a  parlor  and  marker's  rooms.  Everything 
is  finished  with  more  regard  to  substantiality  than  elegance.  The  baths  are 
finished  with  tile  and  marble,  nickel-plated  pipes,  etc.,  in  the  most  durable 
manner.  The  lounging  room  on  the  first  floor  has  two  fire-places  and  a  col- 
onnade opening  into  the  swimming-tank.  It  is  furnished  with  comfortable 
chairs,  divans  and  lounges.  Each  of  the  dressing  rooms  has  a  lounge  and 
is  comfortably  fitted  up.  Membership  limited  to  2,000.  The  initiation  fee  is 
$100  for  active  members  and  $50  for  non-resident  members,  with  annual  dues 
of  $40  and  $20  respectively. 

The  government  of  the  association  is  vested  exclusively  in  a  board  known 
as  t  be  "  board  of  governors."  This  consists  of  twenty -one  members  chosen 
by  ballot  and  the  gentlemen  now  constituting  the  board  are :  C.  L.  Hutchin- 
son,  president;  N.  B.  Ream,  vice-president;  James  S.  Gibbs,  treasurer;  R.  C. 
Nickerson,  secretary;  Joseph  Adams,  (Jhas.  Schwartz,  Warren  M.  Salisbury; 
B.  B.  Lamb,  M.  C.  Lightner,  Henry  Ives  Cobb,  N.  K.  Fairbank,  Eugene  S. 
Pike,  A.  G.  Hpulding,  W.  Vernon  Booth,  Egbert  Jamieson,  Joseph  T.  Bowen 
Cyrus  II.  McCormick,  H,  P.  Crane,  Wm.  H.  Hubbard,  W.  S.  McCrea.  This 
board  has  full  and  absolute  power  over  all  the  property  of  the  association  and 
complete  management  of  it.  It  has  also  special  powers  calculated  to  regulate 
the  life  of  the  club-house.  That  its  management  thus  far  has  been  wise  and 
salutary  for  the  association  is  the  conviction  of  all  connected  with  it. 

Chicago  Curling  Club. — Curling  was  introduced  into  Chicago  in  1854. 
At  the  start  the  Chicago  Club  was  composed  exclusively  of  Scotchmen,  but 
since  that  time  it  has  grown  and  extended  its  membership,  including  several 
Americans  and  members  of  other  nationalities.  Meets  at  83  Madison  st. 
The  present  officers  of  the  club  are:  President,  David  Hogg;  vice- 
president,  James  McWhirter;  secretary,  James  Duncan;  treasurer; 
Alexander  White;  representative  to  the  Grand  National  Curling 
Club,  James  White;  committee  of  management,  John  Campbell, 
James  Ralston,  Dtniel  McKay,  Richard  Pritchard  and  Robert 
McWhirter;  honorary  members,  James  Alston,  Andrew  Wallace,  Robert 
Clark  and  Alexander  Kirkland;  regular  members,  John  Angus,  John  Camp- 
bell, James  Duncan,  Frank  Grady,  David  Hogg,  Robert  C.  Harper,  Alex- 
ander D.  Hannah,  James  B.  Hill,  E.  W.  Kibbie,  Walter  Keeran,  William 
Manson,  Frank  Manson,  Daniel  Manson,  John  McArthur,  Daniel  McKay, 
James  McWhirter,  George  Hoffman,  Thomas  Nicholson,  John  Pettigrew, 
Richard  Pritchard,  John  T.  Raffen,  James  R'Uston.Georce  Wood,  Alexander 


224  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

White,  Alexander  Watson,  G.Barron,  E.Hall,  Archibald  Savage  andG.  Ham- 
mond. Under  the  rules  of  the  National  Curling  Club  the  club  members  are  not 
allowed  to  play  matches  for  money,  as  from  the  very  beginning  every  effort 
has  been  maile  to  keep  the  game  pure  and  free  even  from  the  semblance  of 
gambling.  The  rules  do  not  prohibit  games  between  members,  however,  for 
some  trophy.  The  rule  in  the  Chicago  Club  has  been  to  play  matches  for 
certain  amounts  of  money,  the  winners  to  donate  the  spoils  to  some  charity. 
Chicago  Fencing  and  Boxiivj  Club. — Organized  1890.  Club  rooms,  106 
E.  Randolph  street.  The  objectof  the  organization  -was  to  increase  the  interest 
in  local  amateur  athletic  circles.  Officers:  President,  T.  W.  Sprague;  first 
vice-president,  C.  H.  Chamberlain;  second  vice-president,  F.  E.  Willard; 
secretary,  F.  H.  Wightman;  treasurer,  C.  R.  Calhoun;  captain,  Otto  Hassel; 
first  lieutenant,  C.  T.  Essig;  second  lieutenant,  J.  P.  Keary.  The  instructor 
in  boxing  is  Prof .  George  Siler,  one  of  the  oldest  and  best  known  boxers  in 
America.  The  club  gives  frequent  public  exhibitions.  UNION  ATHLETIC 
CLUB— President,  J.  F.  Cook.  Meets  at  200  Adams  street.  CHICAGO  ATH- 
LETIC PLEASURE  CLUB— Officers:  G.  S.  Smallwood,  president  and  manager; 
P.  Mahouey,  vice-president;  J.  Dullaghan,  Jr.,  secretary,  and  W.  D.  Fenner, 
treasurer. 

Cricket  Clubs. — CHICAGO  CRICKET  ASSOCIATION — Annual  meeting  1st  Tues- 
day in  April  at  Grand  Pacific.  Officers:  President,  W.  P.  Griswold;  first 
vice-president,  F.  Wilde;  second  vice-president,  H.  A.  Watson;  secretary, 
E.  J.Tomlins,238  Randolph  st.  CHICAGO  CRICKET  CLUB  (incorporated) — Meets 
room  5,  170  State.  ST.  GEORGE  CRICKET  CLUB — Secretary ,  W.  Lovegrove, 
710  N.  Wells.  WANDERERS'  CRICKET  AND  ATHLETIC  CLUB — One  of  the  fore- 
most athletic  clubs  of  Chicago.  Composed  of  cricketers,  sprinters,  rowers,  etc. 

CycUnrj  Clubs. — Among  the  cycling  organizations  of  Chicago  are  the 
following  BICYCLE  CLUBS'  ASSOCIATION,  composed  of  the  wheelmen  of  the 
various  clubs  of  the  city.  The  objects  of  this  association  are  to  secure 
harmonious  and  concerted  action  in  all  matters  of  general  interest  to  wheel- 
men in  Chicago  and  vicinity,  particularly  in  such  matters  as  municipal  legis- 
lation, improvements  of  streets  and  roads,  the  prevention  of  the  theft  of 
wheels,  to  spread  a  knowledge  of  the  rights,  duties  and  privileges  of  wheel- 
men, to  promote  road  and  track  racing,  to  foster  fraternal  club  intercourse 
and,  as  far  as  possible,  to  aid  the  state  and  national  organizations  of  the 
League  of  American  Wheelmen.  The  delegates  and  the  cycling  clubs  repre- 
sented by  them  are  as  follows:  CHICAGO  CYCLING  CLUB — S.  A. "Miles,  L.  B. 
Sherman  andM.  A.  Hosgood.  ILLINOIS  CYCLING  CLUB — T.  L.  Sloan,  A.  J. 
Street  and  W.  A.  Davis.  LINCOLN  CYCLING  CLUB — William  Herrick,  J.  M. 
Irwiu  and  R.  G.  Betts.  WASHINGTON  CYCLING  CLUB — L.  W.  Conkling,  B.  B. 
Ayresand  Frank  Barrow.  DOUGLAS  CYCLING  CLUB — C.  H.  Wachter,  J.  C. 
Wachterand  A.  W.  Miller.  ^EOLUS  CYCLING  CLUB — J.  A.  Erickson,  R.  H. 
Ehret  and  A.  W.  Roth.  OAK  PARK  CYCLING  CLUB — C.  A.  Sturtevant,  C.  E. 
Fox~  and  A.  T.  Merrick.  ENGLEWOOD  CYCLING  CLUB — H.  A.  Stoddard,  F. 
H.  Gere  and  R.  Rees.  LAKE  VIEW  CYCLING  CLUB — LeRoy  Cram,  E.  C. 
Wescott  and  E.  L.  Ward.  VIKINGS  BICYCLE  CLUB — Carl  Dietrich,  F.  A. 
Kern  and  H.  Behrens.  The  association  controls  1,500  political  votes  and 
will  support  candidates  favorable  to  wheelmen  and  wheeling.  AMERICAN 
CYCLING  CLUB — President,  C.  W.  Patterson;  secretary,  H.  M.  Kimball. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  225 

CHICAGO  CYCLING  CLUB— Club  house  located  at  Lake  ave.  and  Fifty-seventh 
St.,  Hvde  Park  Centre.     Take  Illinois  Central  train,  foot  of  Randolph  or 
Van  Buren  St.,  or  Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line.    This  is  one  of  the 
largest  cycling  organizations  in  the  country.    Its  membership  consists  of 
about  300  wheelmen,  from  all  parts  of  the  South  Side,  their  runs  being  on 
the  beautiful  boulevards  and  avenues  of  the  South  Park  system.     President, 
C.    E.   Randall;  treasurer,   R.    Powell;  secretary,   Qeo.   Kretsinger.     COOK 
COUNTY  WHEELMEN — An  off-shoot  of  the  Washington  Cycling  Club,  recently 
organized.     Officers:  C.  E.    Graham,   president;  A.   B.   McLean,  Jr.,  vice- 
president;  G.  Howard  Cornell,  secretary;  W.  E.  Brooks,  Jr.,  treasurer;  E.  C. 
W.  Macholdt  and  C.  H.  Hinson,  directors;  W.  u.  Whitson,  captain;  RobertC. 
Craigie,  first  lieutenant;  Bert  Salvage,  second  lieutenant;  C.  G.  Sinsabaugh, 
third  lieutenant;  A.   L.    Holtslander,    color-bearer;    F.   A.   Beach,   bugler. 
DOUGLAS  CYCLING  CLUB — A    large  organization  of   wheelmen.      Officers: 
J.  C.  VVachter,  president;  C.  Kopi,  vice-president-.  Fred  Maack.  secretary; 
J.    G.    Loebstein,   Jr.,   financial" secretary;   Ed  Blettner,  treasurer;  A.    W. 
Miller,  captain;  H.  B.  Walker,  William   Slavik,  board  of  directors;   C.  H. 
Wachter,    A.   A.     Wendell,  surgeons.      Club    house,    586  W.   Taylor  st. 
ILLINOIS  CYCLING  CLUB— Located  at  1068  Washington  blvd.,  just  west  of  the 
railroad  crossing,  south  side  of  street.      Take  Madison  street  cable  line  to 
Campbell  ave.     The  building  is  a  four-story  brick,  built  expressly  for  the 
club,  and  is  arranged  for  the  convenience  and  comfort  of  cyclers.     The 
interior  is  elegantly  furnished.     There  are  billiard-rooms,  card-rooms,  recep- 
tion parlors,  etc.     The  club  has  a  large  membership.      The  officers  are: 
President,  T.   L.    Sloan;    vrce  president,  H.   C.  Knisely;  secretary,  W.  A. 
Davis;  treasurer,  George  A.  Mason;  directors,  C.  R.  Street,  John  Hohmann, 
H.  L.  Barnum;  captain,  E.  J.  Roberts;  first  lieutenant,  Charles  Hagaman; 
second  lieutenant,  H.  E.  Krause;  third  lieutenant,  H.  G.  Chisholm;  fourth 
lieutenant;  George  Skeer;  color-bearer,  John  Palmer;  bugler.  S.   C.  Beach; 
librarian,  H.  J.  Winn;  quartermaster,  C.  H.  Stevens.      LAKE  VIEW  CYCLING 
CLUB — Located  at    Lake  View,    Chicago.     Officers:    President,   C.   Edgar 
Wescott;   vice-president,   LeRoy  T.   Cram;    secretary,  Robert    E.    Ward; 
treasurer,  Harry  Parsons;   captain,  F.  R.    McDonald;  lieutenant,  C.  Arnold 
Wescott;  color-bearer,    Irving  Telling.      The  four  executive  officers   and 
captain  comprise  the   board   of    directors.     LINCOLN  CYCLING  CLUB — 235 
La  Salle  ave.     President,  T.  W.  Gerould;  secretary,  W.  F.  Hochkirk.    OAK 
PARK  CYCLING  CLUB— Located  at  Oak  Park,  a  suburb  of  Chicago;  has  a  large 
membership.     Following  are  the  officers:  President,  C.  A.  Sturtevant ;   vice- 
president,  Thomas  H.    Gale;  secretary,   Ed  Burin gton;    treasurer,    R.     T. 
Miller;  board  of  directors,  J.    M.  Stimpson.  Dr.   De  Vour,  Harry  Pebbles; 
captain,  J.'  M.  Stimpson;   first  lieutenant,   O.  L.    Cox;   second  lieutenant, 
Charles  Steiners;  color-bearer,  James  C.  Carter;  quartermaster,  C.  O.  Lud- 
Jow:  bugler,  A.  T.  Starkweather;  delegates  to  associated  cycling  clubs,  J.  M. 
Stimpson,  C.  A.  Sturtevant,  C.  E.   Fox.      WASHINGTON  CYCLING  CLUB — 650 
W.  Adams.  President,  Burton  i?.  White;  secretary,  Alberf  J.Elliott;  treasurer, 
Frank  Barron. 

Hand  Ball  Courts. — There  are  a  number  of  hand  ball  courts  or  "alleys" 
in  Chicago,  the  best  being  McGurn's,  located  on  Division  st. ,  North  Side. 
Take  Division  st.  car.  Among  the  leading  hand  ball  plavers  of  the  city  are 
Thomas  E.  Barrett,  John  T.  McGurn,  Peter  O'Brien.  Mart  Scanlan,  Hugh 
O'Brien,  William  McGurn,  Dennis  Cronin,  John  Nagle,  Captain  James. 


226  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

Pumphry,  of  the  fire  department ;  Marshal  Campion,  David  Gushing,  John 
Healey,  Charles  Dolan,  Catcher  Buckley,  of  theNational  League;  John  Car- 
mody,  Captain  John  Hall,  of  the  fire  department;  ex-Alderman  James  O'Brien, 
Hugh  Harrity,  Con  Dwyer,  Thomas  Loftus,  John  McDonough,  Joseph  Mc- 
Laughlin,  Thomas  McCormack  and  John  Coleman. 

Horse  Associations. — AMERICAN  HORSE  SHOW  ASSOCIATION — 182  Monroe. 
President,  H.  J.  McFarland;  secretary,  Hobart  C.  Taylor;  treasurer,  E.  S. 
Brewster;  general  manager,  E.  C.  Lewis.  CENTRAL  PARK  DRIVING  ASSOCIA- 
TION—President  and  treasurer,  J.  T.  Rawleigh;  secretary,  W.  H.  Kane,  173  La 
Salle.  [See  Washington  Park  Club.] 

Hunting,  Fishing  and  Gun  Clubs. — AUDTTBON  CLUB — Meets  second  Tues- 
day in  each  quarter  at  Kern's,  110  La  Salle.  President,  Chas.  Kern;  secre- 
tary and  treasurer,  William  W.  Foss.  CHICAGO  CUMBERLAND  GUN  CLT:P, — 
Organized  in  1881.  Located  in  Lake  county,  111.  Itsdub  house  and  grounds 
were  formerly  the  property  of  the  sons  of  an  English  nobleman.  Lord  Parker, 
and  cost  th-at  gentleman  about  $60,000.  It  is  one  of  the  finest  pieces  of  hunt 
ing  club  property  in  the  country.  Fifty  miles  from  the  city,  equipped  superbly 
for  all  purposes  of  this  character,  invaluable  as  a  hunting  ground  for  feathered 
game,  in  a  healthful  locality,  the  Cumberland's  quarters  in  Lake  county  offer 
a  permanent  temptation  t)  the  sportsmen  of  the  club.  The  officers -for  the 
first  year  were  these :  President.  John  M.  Smyth  ;  vice-president.  Frederick 
B.  Norcom;  secretary,  Charles  K.  Herrick;  treasurer,  John  .Heiland ;  board 
of  managers,  Stephen  Rymal,  Charles  D.  Gammon,  Mictael  Eich.  The 
officers  for  the  present  year  are:  President,  H.  I).  Nichols;  vice-president, 
James  Gardner;  secretary,  William  L.  Shepard;  treasurer,  John  Heiland. 
Board  of  managers,  Harry  D.  Nicholls,  Charles  D.  Gammon,  Walter  Mat- 
tocks. CUMBERLAND  GUN  CLUB — Meets  at  Sherman  House.  President, 
Chas.  K.  Herrick;  treasurer,  J.  Heiland  ;  secretary,  W.  L  Shepard,  164  La 
Salle.  CHICAGO  RIFLE  CLUB — President,  S.  M.  Tyrrell  ;  secretary  and  treas- 
urer, W.  H.  Chenoweth,  76  West  Monroe.  CHICAGO  SHAKPSHOOTERS'  ASSO- 
CIATION—Meets  first  Monday  at  49  La  Salle  st.  President,  E  Thielepappe; 
secretary,  Orcas  Matthae;  treasurer,  W.  Burck.  CHICAGO  SHOOTING  CLUB 
— Meets  at  Sherman  House  club  room.  President,  R.  B.  Organ  ;  secretary 
and  treasurer,  John  Matter.  DIANA  HUNTING  CLUB — Clubhouse  at  Thayer, 
Ind.  President,  J.  Press;  secretary,  J.  A.  Kreutzberg.  ENGLISH  LAKE 
HUNTING  AND  FISHING  CLUB — Located  at  English  Lake,  Indiana.  The  club 
was  organized  by  a  number  of  Chicago  gentlemen  in  1878  and  has  prospered 
since  its  birth.  It  is  not  a  regularly  incorporated  body,  but  is  very-wealthy 
notwithstanding,  and  its  club  house  is  one  of  the  best  and  most  comfortably 
equipped  in  the  State.  The  house  is  a  fine  frame  structure  of  twenty  rooms, 
and  surrounding  it  are  6,000  acres  of  marsh-lands.  These  are  the  property 
of  the  club  and  abound  in  duck,  snipe,  prairie  chicken  and  geese.  The 
members  of  the  English  Lake  Club  who  find  pleasure  in  angling  are 
furnished  with  excellent  opportunities  in  the  lake.  Among  the  game  fish 
in  its  waters  are  bass,  pickerel  and  pike.  Officers:  A.  M.  Fuller,  president; 
J.  M.  Adams,  vice-president ;  R.  W.  Hosmer,  treasurer,  and  A.  W.  Cobb, 
secretary.  CHICAGO  FLY  CASTING  CLUB — Meets  at  Sherman  House.  Presi- 
dent, A.  H.  Harryman;  W.  H.  Babcock,  vice-president;  C.  E.  Kenyon,  secre- 
tary and  treasurer.  Fox  LAKE  SHOOTING  AND  FISHING  CLUB — Meets  at  theTre- 


THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA.  227 

mont  House.  President,  A.  V.  Hartwell;  secretary,  G.  M.  Millard.  117 
Wabash  avenue;  treasurer,  W.  D.  Cooper.  Fox  RIVER  FISH  AND  GAME 
ASSOCIATION — An  association  for  the  preservation  of  fish  and  game  in  the 
Fox  rive*  district.  President,  George  E.  Cole;  directors,  H.  L.  Hirtz, 
C.  A.  Knight.  John  Stephens,  C.  F.  Hills,  George -E.  Cole,  John  Wilkin- 
son, L.  M.  Hamburgher,  George  R.  Davis,  O.  J.  Weidener  and  James 
Gardner.  FORT  DEARBORN  SHOOTING  CLUB — President,  H.  D.  Nichols-; 
A.  Klineman,  vice-president;  C.  K.  Herrick,  secretary  and  treasurer. 
GRAND  CALUMET  HEIGHTS  CLUB — President,  W.  L.  Pierce;  secretary, 
G.  E.  Marshall;  meets  quarterly  at  the  Sherman  House.  LAKE  GEORGE 
SPORTSMAN'S  ASSOCIATION — Meets  second  Thursdays  in  each  quarter  at  Sher- 
man House.  President,  Jas.W.  Sheahan;  secretary,  J.  S.  Orvis.  LAKE  VIEW 
RIFLE  CLUB— Meets  Saturdays  at  2  p.  M.  ,  at  Rifle  Range.  Colebour.  President, 
N.  S.  Warren;  secretary,  W.  W.  Holden.  MAK-SAW-BA  SHOOTING  CLUB — 
Meets  at  Sherman  House;  club  house  at  Davis  Station,  Ind.  President,  T. 
Benton  Leiter;  vice-president,  L.  R.  Brown;  secretary,  W.  R.  Smith.  MIN- 
NEOLA  FISHING  CLUB — Club  House  at  Fox  Lake,  111.  President,  O.  H.  Roche; 
secretary  and  treasurer,  J.  G.  Divenn.  MISSISSIPPI  VALLEY  AMATEUR  ROW- 
ING ASSOCIATION — President,  W.  R.  Moore,  Moline,  111.;  secretary,  D.  R. 
Martin,  Pullman,  111. ;  NORTH  CHICAGO  SCHUETZEN  VEREIN — Meets  second 
Tuesdays  at  267  North  avenue.  President,  F.  W.  Labahn;  secretary,  H.  R. 
Zemple,  244  North  avenue.  SPORTSMAN'S  CLUB — Meets  third  Thursday  in 
each  quarter  at  Sherman  House.  President,  C.  N.  Holdeu;  vice-president, 
Charles  Hadwen;  secretary  and  treasurer,  A.  W.  Carlisle,  1001  Rookery 
building.  THE  GUN  CLUB— Meets  at  Sherman  House.  President,  F.  C.  Don- 
ald; secretary  and  treasurer,  C.  E.  Willard.  TOLLESTON  CLUB — Club  grounds 
near  Tolleston,  Lake  county,  Ind.;  composed  of  Chicago  business  men  of 
sporting  taste.  One  of  the  wealthiest  clubs  in  the  United  States.  The  club 
was  originally  organized  in  1871  by  a  number  of  Chicago  gentlemen,  who  had 
for  years  resorted  to  the  marshes  of  the  Calumet,  near  Tolleston,  in  Lake 
county,  Ind.,  for  the  purpose  of  shooting  the  duck  and  chicken  for  which 
these  marshes  are  noted.  They  called  tue  organization  "  Tolleston  Club" 
simply  and  purchased  sixty  acres  of  land  close  to  the  marshes  and  known  as 
Van  der  Naillen  farm.  On  this  land,  which  is  somewhat  elevated,  arose  the 
first  Tolleston  clubhouse.  The  house  has  of  late  years  been  vastly  improved 
and  enlarged,  until  now  it  possesses  every  comfort.  Twenty-two  large  rooms 
are  finely  furnished  and  nothing  is  wanting  to  make  the  quarters  worthy  of 
the  tenants,  among  whom  are  numbered  a  hundred  or  more  of  Chicago's 
wealthiest  citizens.  The  officers  of  the  club  are:  President,  F.  A.  Howe; 
vice-president,  W.  R.  Linn;  secretary,  George  P.  Wells;  treasurer,  C.  D. 
Peacock;  board  of  directors,  C.  C.  Moeller,  James  Wright,  P  Schuttler, 
J.  N.  Grouse,  S.  M.  Moore;  superintendent  of  club  house,  Willard  West. 
UNION  SHOOTING  AND  FISHING  CLUB — Club  house  at  Fox  Lake,  111.;  meets 
third  Tuesdays  each  quarter  at  Grand  Pacific.  President,  John  G.  Beazley; 
secretary  and  treasurer,  J.  C.  McCord,  116  La  Salle,  room  24.  WESTERN. 
RIFLE  ASSOCIATION — Secretary  and  treasurer,  W.  H.  Chenoweth,  76  W. 
Monroe. 

Indoor  Base  Ball  Clubs. — There  are  "  Indoor  Base  Ball  Clubs"  connected 
with  nearly  every  social  club  of  prominence  in  the  city,  besides  a  great  num- 
ber of  independent  organizations  in  city  and  suburbs.  There  are  two  leading 
"leagues"  of  Indoor  Base  Ball  Clubs — the  "Midwinter"  and  Chicago 


228  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

ludoor  Base  Ball  League.  The  gime  was  very  popular  and  fashionable  in 
Chicago  last  winter  and  thi  probabilities  are  that  it  will  continue  to  be  so 
for  more  seasons  to  come.  The  game  is  of  Chicago  invention  and  followed 
what  came  to  be  known  as  the  "  Roller  Skating  Craze."  The  ball  used  is  of 
large  size  and  made  of  a  yielding  substance.  The  bat  is  2 %  feet  long  and 
1%  incheS'in  diameter  at  the  larsje  end.  The  four  bases  are  each  1%  feet 
square,  each  filled  with  sand.  They  are  not  secured  to  the  floor,  and  a  man 
may  slide  in  and  carry  the  base  with  him.  The  pitcher's  box  is  six  by  three 
feet,  and  is  marked  on  the  floor  in  chalk.  The  nearest  line  is  22  feet  from 
the  home  plate.  The  bases  are  27  feet  from  each  other,  forming  a  diamond. 
The  distance  from  home  to  second  base  by  a  straight  line  is  37^  feet.  Eight 
or  nine  men  may  be  played  on  a  side  and  only  rubber-soled  shoes  are  used. 
The  leading  teams  are  La  Salles.  Kenwoods.  Oaks  of  Austin,  Idlewilds  of 
Evanston,  Carletons,  Marquettea,  Farraguts.  rml  Ashlands,  of  the  Midwinter 
League,  and  the  Harvards,  Lincoln  Cycling  Club,  Chicago  Cycling  Club. 
and  South  Side  Illinois  Club  of  the  Indoor  League. 

Tennis  Clubs. —  CHICAGO  TF.NNIS  CLUB — 2901  Indiana  ave.  EXCELLO 
TENNIS  CLUB— Secretary,  E.  U.  Kirabark,  183  Monroe.  NORTH  END  TEN- 
MS  CLUB— President,  Wm.  Waller;  secretary,  A.  T.  H.  Brower,  State,  corner 
Burton  pi. 

Union  Athletic  Club. — 52  State  st.  President,  J.  F.  Cook;  secretary,  J.  A 
Bar  key,  113  N.  Peoria. 

Western  Association  of  Base  Ball  Clubs — Office  108  Mauisbn  st.  Presi- 
dent, L.  C.  Krauthoff,  Kansas  City. 

CLUBS— GENTLEMEN'S  AND  SOCIAL. 

Acacia  Club. — A  social  organization,  105  Ashland  ave.,  West  Side. 

^Eolus  Club. — A  social  organization.  Officers: — President,  H.  B.  Keats; 
vice-president,  A.  W.  Roth:  second  vice-president,  S.  Wittenberg;  corres- 
ponding secretary,  T.  J.  Svvenie;  financial  secretary,  H.  J.  Freeman;  treasu- 
rer, C.  P.  Kennedy;  quartermaster,  J.  B.  Wilson;  librarian,  E.  Andrews; 
directors,  J.  Mohr,  Al  Christiansen,  and  S.  W.  Wolf. 

Apollo  Club. — A  musical  organization  of  prominence  and  high  standing 
in  the  city,  of  which  Prof.  W.  L.  Tomlins  is  the  director.  It  has  through  the 
tireless  energy  and  splendid  talents  of  its  leader  and  his  ability  to  impart  his 
profound  knowledge  of  musical  art  in  a  practical  way,  attained  a  high  plane 
of  artistic  effect. 

Argo  Club — Club  house  situated  on  Lake  Michigan  at  the  extreme  end 
of  the  Illinois  Central  pier.  It  is  a  floating  structure  and  the  object  of  locat- 
ing it  on  the  water  is  to  secure  for  the  members  the  cool  breezes  which  blow 
across  the  water  in  the  summer  season.  It  is  in  reality  neither  a  boat  nor  a 
house,  and  yet  both  combined.  It  is  built  entirely  of  wood  aiidcost  $15,000. 
If  it  were  built  on  shore  a  fire  ordinance  governing  the  building  of  frame 
structures  within  the  city  limits  would  swell  the  expenditure  to  twice  that 
size.  The  kitchen  and  store  rooms  are  in  the  hold.  The  main  saloon  is 
above,  and  this  room  is  elaborately  finished  in  mahogany  and  curly  maple. 
From  the  tables,  which  are  scattered  about  the  saloon,  the  club  men  and  their 
guests  are  a.fforded  a  splendid  view  of  the  lake.  The  state-rooms  are  on  still 
another  deck,  end  above  this  is  the  .hurricane  or  promenade  deck,  where  the 


[Engraved  for  The  Standard  Guide  Company."! 

CHICAGO  HERALD  BUILDING,  154-158  WASHINGTON  ST. 

[See  "  Newspapers."] 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  229 

orchestra  is  stationed  at  all  receptions.  From  top  to  bottom  this  half  ship, 
half  house,  is  furnished  in  the  most  luxuriant  style  and  the  gymnasium  or 
athletic  equipment  is  not  surpassed  by  any  semi-aquatic  club  in  the  country. 
Nearly  one  hundred  names  are  on  the  roll  of  membership. 

Ashland  Club. — Located  at  575  Washington  boulevard,  corner  Wood 
street,  organized  in  October,  1886.  It  is  the  leading,  as  well  as  the  largest, 
social  organization  on  the  West  Side.  The  present  membership  is  500,  to  which 
number  it  is  limited  by  the  by-laws  of  the  club.  The  club  house  is  a  handsome 
and  commodious  structure.  It  contains  parlors  and  reception  rooms,  a  ban- 
quet hall  capable  of  seating  200  persons  ;  an  assembly  hall  with  a  floor  space 
60x80  feet,  the  largest  of  the  kind  in  Chicago,  provided  with  a  stage,  with 
complete  settings  suitable  for  theatricals,  concerts,  lectures, etc.,  far  the  exclus- 
ive use  of  the  club  ;  billiard  room  with  twelve  tables,  library  and  reading 
rooms,  wash  and  bath  rooms,  kitchen,  servants'  rooms,  bowling  alleys,  cafe, 
etc.  The  balls  and  other  elegant  entertainments  given  by  the  club  have  made 
it  a  recognized  social  leader:  The  buildings  and  grounds  cost  $85,000.  The 
admission  fee  is  $50  ;  annual  dues  $40.  A.  E.  G.  Goodridge  is  president  and 
A.  N.  Marquis,  secretary. 

Bankers'  Club. — An  association  of  the  leading  bankers  of  the  city.  They 
give  an  annual  banquet,  to  which  distinguished  guests  are  invited.  Offi- 
cers— President,  E.  G.  Keith;  vice-president,  John  C.  Black;  secretary,  James 
D.  Sturges;  executive  committee,  John  C.  Neely,  W.  F.  Dummer  and  John 
C.  Black. 

Bichloride  of  Gold  Club,  of  Chicago. — Organized  on  the  28th  of  July, 
1891,  Composed  of  graduates  of  the  Keely  institute  atDwight  and  its  various 
branches.  Meets  at  155  Washington  street.  Lesley  E.  Keeley,  M.  D.,  LL.  D., 
honorary  president  for  life.  First  officers: President,  Opie  P.  Read  .first vice- 
present,  Thomas  F.  Murray  ;  second  vice-president,  D.  W.  Wood  ;  third  vice« 
president,  John  Dillon  ;  treasurer,  Dr.  W.  F.  Standiford  ;  secretary,  C.  E. 
Banks;  corresponding  secretary,  N.  A.  Reed,  Jr.;  directors,  P.  W.  Snow- 
hook,  N.  A.  Reed,  Jr.,  Frank  A.  Moore,  Louis  A.  Rexford,  H.  H.  Boyington 
and  Charles  H.  Sampson.  Present  officers:  O.  W  .Nash,  president; 
George  B.  Booth,  secretary  ;  N.  A.  Reed,  Jr.;  corresponding  secretary  ;  C.  H. 
Sampson,  treasurer.  This  club  has  done  a  marvelous  amount  of  good  work 
since  its  organization,  it  has  sent  to  Dwight  for  treatment  many  needy  per- 
sons, and  up  to  this  writing  not  a  single  relapse  has  been  reported.  The 
Chicago  club  is  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  the  Slate  of  Illinois.  The 
incorporators  were  :  Louis  A.  Rexford,  Nate  A.  Reed,  Jr.,  W.  Grant  Rich- 
ardson, Homer  H.  Boyington,  Frank  A.  Moore,  Opie  P.  Reed  and  William 
A.  Standiford. 

Bichloride  of  Gold  Club  of  Dwight. — Located  at  Dwight,  111 . ,  seventy- 
two  miles  southwest  of  Chicago.  Take  the  Chicago  &  Alton  railway.  Or- 
ganized April,  1871,  in  a  blacksmith  shop  by  a  few  graduates  of  the  Keeley 
Institute.  Object  of  the  club,  the  affiliation  of  those  who  have  taken  the 
Kefiley  treatment  at  Dwight,  or  any  of  the  legitimate  branches  of  the  Kteley 
Institute.  This  is  the  parent  club  of  all  the  Bichloride  of  Gold  Clubs  in  the 
world.  Its  meeting  place  for  many  months  was  in  a  disused  Presbyterian 
church  to  which  a  large  addition  or  annex  was  built.  The  club  has  a  mem- 
bership at  present  (summer  of  1892)  of  about  5.000.  These  members  in  turn 
became  connected,  upon  leaving  Dwight,  with  the  various  Bichloride  of 
Gold  Clubs  in  other  parts  of  the  country.  The  badge  of  the  club  is  a  horse- 


230  .GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

shoe  in  token  of  the  place  where  the  first  meeting  was  held,  in  the  center  of 
which  is  the  capital  letter  "  K  "  in  recognition  of  the  discoverer  of  the  Bi- 
Chloride  of  Gold  remedies.  The  club  meets  at  present  in  the  old  opera  house 
at  D  wight,  which  is  also  used  in  part  as  a  treatment  hall.  This  is  supplied 
with  a  stage  and  all  the  necessary  appliances  for  the  giving  of  performances. 
Its  presiding  officers  from  the  commencement  to  the  present  time  have  been 
as  follows:  Presidents:  1st,  S.  E.  Moore,  Pittsburgh,  Pa. ;  2d,  O.  B.  Stan- 
ton,  Dwight,  111.;  3d,  J.  D.  Thayer,  Warsaw,  Ind.;  4th,  B.  Reynolds,  Wash- 
ington, D.  C.;  5th,  S.  S.  Lowe,  Chattanooga,  Teun.;  6th,  Wm.  M.  Burris, 
Liberty,  Mo.;  7th,  P.  H.  Sherry,  Joliet,  111.;  8th,  W.  D.  St.  Clair,  Chicago, 
111.; 9th,  Frank  Clark,  Bartow,  Fla.;  10th,  Henry  C.  Cleveland,  Rock  Island, 
111.;  llth,  James  N.  Brown,  Huntsville,  Ala.;  12th,  J.  Haydon  Burns,  Chi- 
cago, 111.;  13th,  J.  W.  Van  Dervoort,  Mt.  Vernon,  N.  Y.;  14th,  O.  W.  Nash, 
Oak  Park,  111.;  15th,  J.  D.  Kehoe,  Maysville,  Ky.  Chairmen:  1st,  John  J. 
Flinn,  Chicago,  111  ;  2d,  W.  E.  Morrison,  Morrisonville.  111.;  3d,  Waller 
Young,  St.  Joseph,  Mo.;  4th,  Geo.  H.  Slator,  Alpeua,  Mich.;  5th,  Charles 
Stewart,  Cedar  Rapids,  Iowa.  The  secretary  of  the  club,  who  is  also  the 
secretary  of  the  Bichloride  of  Gold  Club  of  the  World,  is  Hon.  J.  D.  Kehoe, 
of  Maysville,  Ky.  Meetings  are  held  every  morning  in  the  week  at  nine 
o'clock,  at  which  business  is  transacted  and  departing  members  make  their 
addresses,  etc.  These  meetings  are  conducted  according  to  parliamentary 
rules  and  are  always  interesting.  They  are  usually  attended  by  from  500  to 
700  men.  Song  services  are  held  every  Sabbath.  The  club  entertainments 
are  given  on  Wednesday  and  Saturday  evenings  of  every  week.  Admission 
fee,  $1;  price  of  badge,  $1.50. 

Bichloride  of  Gold  Club  of  the  World. — The  outgrowth  of  the  Bi-Chloride 
of  Gold  Club  of  Dwight.  Founded  in  November,  1891.  First  annual  con- 
vention held  on  Feb.  15,  1892.  First  Board  of  Directors  :  S.  E.  Moore,  Capi- 
talist, Pittsburgh,  Penn.,  who  was  also  first  president  of  the  Bi-Chloride  of 
Gold  Club  of  Dwight;  Hon.  W.  S.  Arnold,  ex-surrogate  judge  of  Idaho  Ter- 
ritory, resident  counsel  at  Dwight  for  the  Leslie  E.  Keeley  Company;  John 
T.  Rice,  M.  D.,  Attica,  lud.;  Hon.  J.  D.  Kehoe,  Maysville,  Ken.;  John  J. 
Fiinn,  Chicago,  111.;  WTilliam  M.  Burris,  Lawyer,  Liberty,  Mo.;  L.  H.  Lyon, 
Capitalist,  Lyou's  Falls,  N.  Y.;  S.  E.  Moore,  President,  W.  S.  Arnold,  Vice- 
President ;  J.  D.  Kehoe,  Secretary.  This  club  is  founded  on  the  principle 
of  Grand  Lodges  and  furnishes  charters  to  subordinate  clubs.  Delegate 
conventions  are  to  be  held  annually.  The  membership  of  the  Bi-Chloride  of 
Gold  Club  of  the  World,  it  is  expected,  will  exceed  20,000  by  the  spring  of 
1893.  „ 

Bon  Ami  Club,  of  Wilmette,. — Located  at  Wilmette,  a  suburb  of  Chicago, 
fourteen  miles  from  the  Court  House.  The  organization  is  for  social  purposes 
strictly.  Officers:  President,  W.  E.  Crane;  secretary',  W.  R.  Morley;  treas- 
urer, E.  T.  Paul;  financial  secretary,  Mrs.  A.  N.  Gage.  The  club  uses  the  old 
Adrian  House  as  a  meeting  place. 

Calumet  Club. — Located  at  the  corner  of  Michigan  ave.  and  Twentieth 
St.  Take  Wabash  avenue  cable  line.  Organized  in  1878.  The  building 
which  it  occupies  is  a  magnificent  one,  four  stories  high,  with  fronts  on  both 
the  streets  named.  Thegrand  hall  is  very  handsome,  with  its  broad  fire-plocc, 
handsome  staircase  and  stained  glass  windows.  To  the  left  are  the  drawing- 
rooms,  with  windows  the  whole  length  of  the  Michigan  avenue  front,  and  to 


THE   ENCYCL01  LDTA.  231 

the  right  the  offices,  the  cafe  and  the  billiard  room.  On  the  second  floor  are 
card  rooms  and  the  ball  room,  where,  from  time  to  time  during  the  winter 
months,  entertainments  are  given.  The  third  floor  is  devoted  to  private 
apartments,  and  the  top  floor  to  the  dining  rooms  and  kitchens.  The  Club 
has  a  splendid  collection  of  pictures.  It  aims  to  preserve  the  early  history  of 
the  city  and  State,  and  its  old  settlers'  annual  receptions  have  become  famous. 
The  Club  is  composed  generally  of  the  leading  men  of  the  South  Side. 
Admission  fee,  $100;  annual  dues,  $80. 

Garleton  Club. — A  South  Side  social  organization.  Meets  at  3800  Vin- 
cennes  ave. 

Chicago  Club. — Located  on  Monroe  st.,  between  State  st.  and  Wabash 
ave.,  opposite  the  ladies' entrance  to  the  Palmer  House.  Was  organized  iu 
1869,  and  was  an  outgrowth  of  the  old  Dearborn  Club,  which  was  located  on 
Michigan  ave.,  near  Jackson  st.  The  first  club  house  of  the  Chicago  was 
situated  at  the  corner  of  Wabash  ave.  and  Eldridge  ct.,  and  was  destroyed  in 
the  great  fire.  The  present  building  was  erected  shortly  afterward.  The 
structure  is  not  as  magnificent  as  some  of  the  club  buildings  erected  more 
recently,  but  the  interior  is  beautifully  and  tastefully  arranged.  There  is 
more  real  elegance  about  it  than,  perhaps,  may  be  found  in  any  of  the  others, 
although  it  is  of  an  unostentatious  character.  The  dining  rooms  and  kitchens 
are  at  the  top  of  the  house.  The  Club  is  composed  generally  of  the  merchant 
princes  and  leading  professional  men  of  the  city,  and  it  is  very  exclusive. 
Comfort  and  congeniality  more  than  crowds  and  confusion  are  desired.  The 
admission  fee  is  $300,  the  annual  dues  are  $80,  payable  semi-annually.  Mem- 
bership limited  to  450  residents  and  150  non-residents.  The  Chicago  Club 
has  purchased  the  beautiful  Art  Institute  Building  and  will  probably  move 
into  its  new  quarters  during  the  present  year. 

Chicago  Electric  Club. — Composed  of  electricians  and  those  connected 
with  electric  pursuits.  A  social  club  for  gentlemen.  Located  at  103  Adams 
street.  Its  rooms  are  very  handsomely  fitted  up.  There  are  reception  rooms 
for  members  and  their  friends  of  both  sexes.  There  are  dining  rooms  on  one 
floor  opening  into  Kinsley's  upper  corridors,  and  arrangements  are  made  to 
furnish  either  liquid  or  solid  comfort  after  the  most  approved  method.  Bil- 
liard, chess  and  backgammon  outfits  are  provided  in  elegantly  furnished 
rooms,  but  cards  are  tabooed.  An  audience  hall  occupies  a  large  space  on 
the  top  floor,  where  the  regular  club  meetings  are  held  for  scientific  discus- 
sion. Paintings,  works  of  art,  bric-a-brac,  pervade  the  whole  apartment  and 
a  music  room  with  piano  and  other  instruments  is  a  part  of  the  fitting.  In 
other  words,  all  has  been  done  that  was  needful  to  make  the  club  quarters 
elegant,  refined  and  in  every  particular  a  recherche  gentleman's  club.  Some  of 
the  members  are  as  well  known  in  Europe  as  throughout  the  United  States  ; 
many  of  them  are  social  leaders  and  all  of  them  are  successful  business  men. 

Chicago  Women's  Club. — Organized  in  1876  by  Mrs  Caroline  M.  Brown, 
who  served  as  president  for  three  years.  The  object  of  the  club,  as  defined  in 
the  constitution,  Is  "  mutual  sympathy  and  council  and.united  effort  toward  the 
higher  civilization  of  humanity  and  general  philanthropic  and  literary  work." 
The  club  is  divided  into  six  departments,  as  follows  :  Reform,  philanthropy, 
home,  education,  art  and  literature,  philosophy.  The  regular  meetings  of  the 
club  are  held  on  the  first  and  third  Wednesdays  of  the  month,  with  a  business 
session  on  the  fourth  Wednesday.  The  exercises  consist  of  papers  and  dis- 


232  GUIDE   TO   CHICAGO. 

cushions  on  topics  connected  with  the  work  of  the  different  departments. 
Much  outside  work  of  a  philanthropic,  reformatory  and  educational  nature  is 
also  done  by  the  club.  The  work  of  placing  women  physicians  in  the  asylum 
at  Jefferson  to  take  charge  of  women  patients  and  of  securing  the  appointment 
of  women  as  matrons  in  the  jail  and  at  the  police  stations  was  accomplished 
by  the  club,  as  Well  as  that  of  procuring  the  appointment  of  women  on  the 
srhool  board.  The  first  free  kindergarten  was  established  through  the  efforts 
of  this  society,  which  also  raised  among  its  members  and  outside  fiiends 
nearly  $40,000  tor  the  Boys'  Industrial  School  at  Glenwood.  Three  indepen- 
dent organizations  owe  their  existence  to  the  Women's  Club,  viz.,  the  Physio 
Icgical  Society,  the  Protective  agency  for  Women  and  Children,  and  the 
Industrial  Arts  Association.  The  last  named  society  had  for  its  direct  object 
the  introduction  of  manual  training  in  the  lower  grades  of  the  public  schools. 
For  four  years  its  work,  aided  by  the  Decorative  Art  Association,  was  succes- 
fully  carried  on  through  mission  schools,  the  Boys'  Industrial  School  at 
Glenwood,  together  with  the  forming  of  free  classes  for  the  instruction  of 
teachers.  It  tirst  petitioned  the  Board  of  Education  for  trial  schools  in  1887 
and  again  in  1892,  three  of  which  have  been  established.  Classes  for  instruc- 
tion in  the  special  subjects  in  their  charge  are  held  by  the  twoliterary  depart- 
ments of  the  Women's  Club.  The  present  membership  of  the  club  is  about  five 
hundred.  Membership  is  obtained  by  ballot  and  the  payment  of  an  initiation 
fee  of  $10  ;  annual  dues  $5.  The  meetings  are  held  in  the  club  rooms  of  the 
Art  Institute  building,  corner  of  Michigan  avenue  and  Van  Buren  street. 
The  officers  are  :  President,  Julia  Plato  Harvey  ;  vice  presidents,  Lucretia 
M.  Ht-ywood,  N.  Halsted  ;  recording  secretary,  Laura  H.  Clark  ;  correspond- 
ing secretary,  Kate  G.  Huddleston  ;  treasurer,  Frances  B.  Smith  ;  directors, 
Lucretia  Effinger,  Isabel  A. H.  Prindle,  Frank  Stuart  Parker,  Mary  E.Galvin, 
Mary  E.  Farnham,  Jessie  Willard  Bolte,  Kate  M.  Higginson,  Ellen  C. 
Broomell,  Clara  M.  J.  Farson,  Matilda L.  Ware,  Arabella  C.  Rogers,  Mary 
Spalding  Brown,  Sarah  M.  Hey  wood,  Phebe  M.  Butler,  Emma  Dupee,  Ida 
M.  Lane,  Rachel  Mayer,  Kate  Hutchinson  Judah. 

SOCIETY  FOR  THE  PROMOTION  OF  PHYSICAL,  CULTURE  AND  CORRECT 
DRESS. —Fostered  by  the  Women's  Club,  and  holds  its  meetings  in  the  rooms 
of  that  club  which  are  at  present  in  the  Ait  Institute  Building.  These 
meetings  occur  on  the  first  Friday  of  each  month  at  2:30  P.  M.  The  object  of 
the  society  is  mutual  help  toward  learning  the  highest  standards  of  physical 
development,  and  mutual  counsel  towards  realizing  these  standards  in  prac- 
tical life.  The  membership  now  numbers  two  hundred.  The  president  is 
Mrs.  H.  M.  Wilmarth,  222  Michigan  avenue,  and  the  secretary  Mrs.  L.  J. 
Dreier,  4627  Lake  avenue. 

Church  Club—  Organized  December,  1890.  Located  on  the  fourth  floor 
of  the  High  building,  No.  103  Adams  st.  This  is  an  Episcopalian  organization 
and  its  object  is  to  bring  into  closer  relations  the  clergy  and  the  laymen  of  the 
diocese,  such  as  the  board  of  Missions,  the  Standing  Committee,  the  St. 
Andrews  Brotherhood,  the  trustees  of  the  Theological  Seminary,  the  Girls' 
Friendly  Organization,  the  Women's  Auxiliary,  and  every  other  work  of  the 
church,  including  Diocesan  Offices  where  the  Rt.  Rev.  the  Bishop  of 
Chicago  and  the  Archdeacon  can  meet  the  clergy  and  laymen,  and  transact 
any  business  pertaining  to  the  diocese.  Reading  and  reception  rooms  are 
open  to  members  and  visitors  from  9  A.M.  till  5  p  M.  daily  except  Sunday. 
Regular  meetings  of  the  Club  are  held  on  the  1st  Thursday  in  each  month  at 
8  P.M. 


THE  EKCYCLOPEDIA.  233 

Clarendon  Club. — A  social  organization  composed  of  Israelites.  The 
membership,  however,  is  not  limited  to  those  of  Hebrew  race  or  creed.  The 
membership  includes  many  of  the  leading  Hebrews  of  the  city. 

Commercial  Club. — An  association  of  the  leading  merchants,  manufact- 
urers, bankers  and  capitalists  of  Chicago,  the  object  of  which  is  to  encourage 
in  a  social  and  informal  way  the  interchange  of  opinions  respecting  the  com- 
mercial necessities  of  the  city.  The  club  gives  frequent  dinners  and  banquets 
and  entertains  distinguished  guests.  Some  question  of  great  importance 
uppermost  at  the  time  is  always  discussed  at  their  meetings  and  banquets. 
[See  Chicago  Manual  Training  School.]  Officers:  President,  T.  W.  Harvey; 
vice-president,  A.  C.  McClurg;  treasurer,  Henry  J.  McFarland;  secretary, 
Fred  8.  Janes. 

Conference  Club  of  Evanston. —  Organized  in  1890.  Its  object,  "  to  call 
together  gentlemen  of  different  professions  and  opinions  to  discuss  present- 
day  topics,"  has  been  salutary.  A  dinner  is  served  monthly  during  the  win- 
ter, of  which  notice  is  given  to  members,  and  the  topic  for  discussion  is 
announced.  Two  gentlemen  particularly  interested  in  or  familiar  with  the 
subject  are  chosen  to  give  twenty-minute  addresses,  after  which  any  member 
may  speak  upon  the  assigned  subject. 

Congregational  Club. — A  society  of  members  of  the  Congregational  church. 

Officers:    President, ;  E.  H.  Pitkin,  vice-president;  W.  E.  Hale, 

second    vice-president;  Professor  H.   M.  Scott,   third  vice-president;  J.  H. 
Tewksberry,  secretary,  and  J.  R.  Chapman,  treasurer. 

Cosmopolitan  Club  of  Evanston : — The  Cosmopolitan  Club  of  Evanston 
was  organized  in  October  1891,  the  avowed  object  being  to  furnish  comfort- 
able rooms  where  brain  and  brawn  workers  might  meet  on  a  common  footing 
and  enjoy  a  pleasant  hour  in  reading,  games  and  conversation  ;  an  object 
that  has  been  well  carried  out.  The  club  is,  in  a  measure,  unique,  and  at 
first  met  with  considerable  criticism,  but  during  the  three  months  of  its  exist- 
ence it  has  proved  so  great  a  success  that  there  is  no  longer  anything  but 
favorable  comment.  The  rooms  of  the  club,  three  in  number,  are  over  416 
Davis  street  and  are  fitted  up  with  all  sorts  of  conveniences.  There  is  a 
general  assembly  room,  where  lectures  and  entertainments  are  given  and  the 
meetings  of  the  club  are  held,  a  library  with  reading  tables  supplied  with 
nearly  all  the  current  periodicals,  an?l  a  smoking  room  with  card  tables. 

The  credit  of  originating  the  idea  of  the  club  belongs  to  Mr.  Volney  W. 
Foster,  and  to  Mr.  Foster,  Dr.  Hillis  and  one  or  two  others,  who  have  given 
time  and  attention  to  the  enterprise,  the  organization  owes  its  present  success. 

Dearborn  Club. — Located  at  43  and  45  Monroe  st.  [See  "Chicago 
Club."] 

Dinner  Clubs. — Among  these  are  the  "Epicurean"  and  the  "Forty 
Club."  The  members  dine  periodically  at  one  of  the  leading  hotels  and 
discuss  questions  of  current  interest. 

Douglas  Club. — Located  at  3518  Ellis  ave.  Organized  April,  1885. 
Occupies  a  three  story  and  basement  building,  formerly  a  dwelling,  which 
has  been  remodeled.  There  is  a  beautiful  lawn  in  front  and  on  the  sides  of 
the  house.  In  the  basement  are  bowling  alleys  ;  on  the  first  floor  are  the 
dancingjiall,  ladies'  reception  room,  library  and  reading  room  ;  on  the  second 
floor  are  dressing  and  private  rooms  ;  on  the  third  floor  is  a  large  hall  fitted 


234  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

up  with  portable  machinery,  where  dramatic  entertainments  are  given  by 
members  of  the  club.  Ladies  of  each  member's  family,  and  males  from 
fourteen  to  twenty-one,  are  entitled  to  the  privileges  of  the  club,  subject  to 
certain  restrictions.  Admission  fee,  $25  ;  dues,  $30  per  annum. 

Douglas  Park  Club. — A  West  Side  social  organization  of  prominence. 
Officers  :  President,  Lawrence  Ennis;  vice-presidents,  William  P.  Davis  and 
William  Harley  ;  treasurer,  P.  E.  Remie  ;  secretary,  Robert  H.  Coudrey  ; 
Directors,  Pleasant  Amick,  T.  W.  McFarland,  A.  L.  Coates  and  George 
Kohl. 

Elks'  Club. — An  association  of  members  of  theatrical  and  other  prof  essions, 
similar  to  those  in  all  our  large  cities.  Officers:  Dr.  W.  A.  Jones,  E.  R. ; 
George  Schlessinger,  E.  L.  K.;  G.  W.  Barstow,  E.  L.  K.;  D.  E.  Hodges,  E. 
L.  K.;  J.  W.  White,  secretary;  Dr.  L.  H.  Montgomery,  Lee  H.  Willson,  John 
W.  White,  trustees;  Rev.  Henry  G.  Perry, chaplain;  G.  W.  Andrews,  esquire; 
E.  V.  Girard,  inner  guard  general;  J.  W.  Shaw,  organist.  The  lodge  is  in  a 
very  prosperous  condition,  and  during  1892  over  $2,000  was  disbursed  for 
charity. 

Evanston  Club. — Located  at  the  suburb  of  Evanston.  Take  train  at 
Wells  St.  depot,  Wells  and  Kiuzie  sts.,  North  Side;  or  at  Union  depot,  Canal 
and  Adams  streets.,  West  Side.  Club  House  at  Chicago  avenue  and  Grove  street. 
Officers:  President,  Marshall  M.  Kirkman;  first  vice-president,  Milton  W. 
Kirk;  second  vice-president,  N.  C.  Gridley;  treasurer,  W.  J.  Fabian;  secre- 
tary, Frank  M.  Elliot;  additional  directors,  W.  D.  Hitchcock,  F.  A.  Hardy, 
W.  Hokbird,  W.  H.  Bartlelt,  N.  G.  Iglehart,  A.  C.  Buell  and  H.  R.  Wilson. 
Mr.  Kirkman  organized  the  club  and  has  been  fts  president  ever  since.  The 
club  is  open  every  day  in  the  week  from  7  o'clock  in  the  morning  until  mid- 
night. The  interior  of  the  house  is  modestly  beautiful.  A  music  or  dancing 
hall  of  generous  proportions  occupies  the  west  half  of  the  building.  Hand- 
some portieres  separate  the  ladies'  reception  room  from  the  vestibule,  and  the 
lobby  or  smoking  room  occupies  the  center  of  the  club  home.  This  room, 
tinted  in  warm  colors,  is  the  general  lounging  place  for  the  club  men,  and 
from  it  open  the  billard  room,  the  charming  library,  and  the  card  room. 
Below  stairs  are  the  kitchen,  dining  room  and  bowling  alley,  the  latter  having 
two  fine  runways.  The  Evanston  c^b  is  not  a  club  in  the  usual  sense  of 
that  word.  It  is  a  pleasant  rendezvous  where  200  gentlemen  and  their  famil- 
ies may  meet  for  recreation  and  amusement  and  for  the  promotion  of  social 
culture. 

Evanston  Country  Club. — A  summer  social  organization  of  the  suburb  of 
Evanston.  The  home  of  the  ciub  is  known  as  the  "  Shelter,"  and  is  situated 
in  the  midst  of  beautiful  grounds,  on  Hinmah  avenue  and  Clark  street  close 
to  Lake  Michigan.  It  is  the  leading  club  of  the  village  from  May  until  No- 
vember, and  has  a  quasi  connection  with  the  Evanston  Boat  Club  and  other 
social  organizations.  Frequent  receptions,  band  concerts,  boating  parties, 
etc.,  occur  during  the  season.  The  membership  is  about  450,  equally  divided 
between  ladies  and  gentlemen.  The  president  is  Mr.  Marshall  M.  Kirkman; 
Mr.  William  E.  Stockton  and  Mr  Frank  Arnd  are  vice-presidents;  Mr. 
Nicholas  J.  Iglehart  is  treasurer,  and  Mr.  Edwin  F  Brown  is  secretary. 
The  directorate  is  composed  of  twenty  ladies  and  eleven  gentlemen.  It  is  a 
custom  of  the  club  to  have  one  of  the  directorate  ladies,  one  afternoon  and 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  235 

evening  of  each  week,  act  the  part  of  hostess,  presiding  over  the  tea  tables 
and  receiving  the  guests.  The  active  committee  is  termed  the  house  and 
grounds  committee.  The  responsibility  of  success  or  failure  of  the  season 
rests  -with  this  committee,  and  the  appointment  is  no  sinecure.  Mr. 
Thomas  8.  Creighton  is  chairman,  and  is  aided  by  Mr.  Edwin  F.  Brown,  Mr. 
Frederick  Arnd,  Mr.  F.  P.  Frazile,  F.  A.  Handy,  and  B.  V.  Adams.  Many 
of  Chicago's  most  prominent  business  men  wear  the  dainty  silver  four-leaf 
clover,  the  badge  of  the  club. 

Fellowship  Club. — Organized  June  4,  1891.  Object,  the  promotion  of 
good-fellowship,  and  its  extension  to  "the  stranger  within  our  gates." 
Number  of  resident  members  limited  to  fifty;  non-resident  members,  twenty- 
five;  honorary  members  admitted  only  by  the  unanimous  vote  of  the  members 
present  at  any  meeting  at  which  quorum  of  the  resident  members  is  present. 
Each  member  may  invite  one  guest  to  a  dinner  of  the  club,  the  expenses  to  be 
paid  by  the  member  inviting  him.  The  executive  committee  has  the  right  to 
invite  one  or  more  club  guests  to  each.dinner,  the  expenses  of  whose  entertain- 
ment is  paid  out  of  the  funds  of  the  club.  Initiation  fee,  $25.  Dues  from  resi- 
dent and  non-resident  members,  $10  annually.  Business  meetings  and 
dinners  of  the  club  held  on  the  first  Thursday,  June,  October,  December, 
February  and  April,  and  on  other  stated  occasions.  Meetings  held  at  one  of 
the  leading  hotels  or  restaurant.  Officers:  James  W.  Qcott,  president;  George 
Driggs,  vice-president;  H.  Y.  Selfridge,  treasurer;  F.  Willis  Rice,  secretary. 
No.  7  E.  Monroe  street.  Executive  committee:  James  W.  Scott,  George 
Driggs,  F.  Willis  Rice,  H.  H.  Kohlsaat,  Victor  Lawson  and  M.  P.  Handy. 

Foreign  Book  Club. — Comprised  of  ladies  of  the  North  Side  who  read 
Foreign  literature.  Its  membership  is  small. 

Forty  Club. — A  dinner  club  meeting  monthly.  Active  membership  lim- 
ited to  forty  drawn  from  bench,  bar,  the  law,  the  theaters,  and  the  profes- 
sions generally.  Entertains  theater  people  and  distinguished  writers. 
Meets  at  one  of  the  principal  hotels. 

Fortnightly  Club  of  Chicago.— Meets  Fridays  at  2:30  P.  M.  at  Art  Institute, 
Michigan  ave.  and  Van  Buren  st.  Organized  as  a  Woman's  Club  in  1873  by 
Mrs.  Kate  Newell  Doggett.  Intended  originally  as  a  Womans'  Suffrage 
Organization,  in  which  men  and  women  should  hold  membership.  Now 
devoted  to  social  intercourse  and  intellectual  culture.  The  work  of  this 
association  is  arranged  on  a  carefully  considered  plan,  which  secures  a 
thorough  knowledge  of  the  subject  to  be  treated  at  each  meeting.  Each 
writer  has  a  year  in  which  to  master  the  subject  she  is  to  present,  and,  as  the 
writer  of  an  essay  remarked,  "To  prepare  a  paper  for  the  Fortnightly  is  to 
add  a  good  deal  to  your  education,  it  matters  not  how  liberal  it  maybe." 
The  work  of  the  club  for  the  year  is  divided  into  two  courses,  the  continuous 
course  of  study  and  the  miscellaneous  course.  A  committee  of  five  members 
takes  charge  of  the  continuous  course,  which  is  represented  by  a  paper  at  one 
of  the  two  meetings  that  occur  each  month,  and  another  committee  of  the 
same  number  directs  thu  miscellaneous  course,  which  presents' a  paper  on  the 
alternate  day.  At  each  of  the  meetings,  which  occur  the  first  and  third  Fri- 
days in  the  month,  a  well  prepared  and  brilliant  discussion  under  appointed 
leaders  follows  the  paper.  The  discussion  over,  tea  and  cake  are  served  and 
a  delightful  social  hour  closes  the  meeting,  at  which  the  visitor  will  observe 
that  the  strictest  parliamentary  forms,  as  well  as  the  latest  behest  of  fashion, 
are  carefully  obeyed.  The  membership  of"  The  Fortnightly  of  Chicago" 
is  limited  to  175.  The  initiation  fee  and  also  the  yearly  dues  are  $12.  The 


236  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

officers  are:  President,  Mrs.  Charles  D.  Hamill;  first  vice-president,  Mrs.  F. 
M.  Wilmarth;  second  vice-president,  Mrs.  Otto  H.  Matz;  corresponding 
secretary,  Mrs.  Elizabeth  M.  Stone;  recording  secretary,  Mrs.  F.  H.  Gardner; 
treasurer,  Mrs.  B.  F.  Aver;  directors,  Mrs.  Milward  Adams,  Mrs.  H.  G. 
Brainerd,  Miss  Nina  G.  Lunt,  Mrs  J.  J.  Glessner,  Mrs.  John  Ailing,  Mrs. 
James  M.  Hubbard. 

Germania  Mwnnerchor . — Located  at  North  Clark  street,  corner  of  Ger- 
mania  Place.  Take  North  Clark  street  cable  line.  President,  Harry  Rubens  ; 
vice-president,  Chas.  H.  Wacker ;  secretary,  Geo.  W.  Claussenius  ;  treasurer, 
F.'J.  Dewes.  The  socity  had  its  origin  at  the  funeral  of  Abraham  Lincoln 
in  1865,  when  a  small  party  of  Germans  from  Chicago  attended  to  render  a 
chorus.  They  were  pleased  with  each  other's  singing  and  determined  upon 
the  organization  of  a  permanent  society.  To  day  it  is  one  of  the  largest,  most 
respectable  and  most  prominent  musical  organizations  in  the  country.  Incor- 
porated March  31,  1869.  Membership  about  650,  of  which  125  are  not  Ger- 
mans. The  club  is  social  as  well  as  musical.  The  club  house  is  one  of  the 
handsomest  in  Chicago. 

German  Press  Club. — An  association  of  the  German  press  clubs  of  the 
city.  Meets  at  106  Randolph  street.  The  club  has  fifty-five  active  members 
and  several  honorary  members.  Was  organized  in  1891.  President,  Theo- 
dore Janssen. 

Girls'  Mutual  Benefit  Club. — Organized  in  November,  1890;  located  at  100 
Cornelia  st.  The  institution  was  established  solely  through  the  efforts  of  a 
few  energetic  young  ladies  of  the  Third  Presbyterian,  First  Congregational 
and  the  Epiphany  Episcopal  Churches,  Miss  Sadie  Morgan,  Mrs.  C.  D. 
Howell,  Miss  Helen  Hutchins,  Miss  Mary  Gillman,  Miss  Ida  E.  Moore  and 
Miss  Alice  C.  Burkhardt.  Nearly  one  hundred  working  girls  nightly  receive 
instructions  in  those  arts  which  make  the  model  housewife.  The  follow, 
ing  is  the  curriculum:  Monday,  dressmaking  and  typewriting;  Tuesday, 
dressmaking  and  music;  Wednesday,  cooking  and  history;  Thursday,  music, 
embroidery  and  millinery;  Friday,  cooking;  Saturday,  embroidery,  cooking 
and  music.  The  house  is  self  supporting,  each  one  of  the  members  being 
required  to  pay  a  weekly  assessment  of  5  cents.  The  teaching  force  includes, 
besides  the  ladies  already  named,  Miss  Wolf,  Miss  Avery,  Miss  Reese,  Miss 
Lowden,  Miss  Page,  Miss  Mack,  Miss  Burdick,  Miss  Fritz,  Miss  Blanche  and 
Content  Patterson.  On  every  weekday  evening  there  are  at  least  three  of 
these  ladies  present  to  take  charge  of  the  various  classes.  The  house  is  com- 
fortably furnished  and  well  adapted  to  the  purposes  to  which  it  is  put.  The 
nucleus  of  a  library  has  been  started,  and  it  is  expected  that  before  long  the 
number  of  books  will  be  large  enough  to  warrant  the  starting  of  a  circulating 
library.  Officers— President,  Miss  Sadie  Morgan;  vice-president,  Mrs.  C.  D. 
Howell;  secretary,  Miss  Ida  E.  Moore;  treasurer,  Miss  Helen  Hutchins. 

Grant  Club. — Chartered  Aug  10,  1885.  Object:  To  promote  social 
and  political  intercourse,  and  advance  the  interest  of  the  Republican  party. 
Also  the  discussion  of  improvements  in  our  municipality.  Holds  its  annual 
meeting  on  the  third  Thursday  in  August.  On  June  3d,  1891,  at  the  unveiling 
of  the  Grant  statue  at  Galena,  111.,  thirty  of  its  members  participated  in  the 
exercises.  Officers:  President,  Hon.  L.  L.  Bond;  1st  vice-president,  Fred 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  23? 

M.  Blount;  3d  vice-president,  Henry  H.  Heistand;  secretary,  Dr.  Listen  H. 
Montgomery,  70  State  street;  assistant  secretary,  Chas.  L.  Webster;  treasurer, 
M.  E.  Cole;  sergeant-at-arms,  W.  H.  Cosper. 

Hamilton  Club. — Chartered  April.  1890.  Named  after  Alexander  Hamil- 
ton, the  American  statesman.  The  original  officers  of  the  club  were  presi- 
dent, R.  H.  McMurdy;  secretary,  Rufus  Metcalf ;  treasurer,  Ralph  Metcalf. 
The  club  is  one  of  the  most  noted  institutions  of  Chicago,  with  a  large  mem- 
bership composed  of  the  most  prominent  citizens  in  all  walks  of  life.  In 
politics  it  is  republican,  but  is  not  partisan  in  spirit.  State  and  national  ques- 
tions of  importance  are  freely  considered,  with  the  view  of  increasing  the 
growth  of  patriotism  and  the  promotion  of  good  government  by  its  diffusion 
of  the  principles  of  Hamilton,  is  doing  much  to  promote  the  cause  of  loyalty 
to  the  nation.  Its  annual  banquets  are  among  the  notable  political  events  of 
each  year,  the  speakers  at  the  banquet  of  1892  including  such  representative 
public  men  as  Russell  A.  Alger  of  Michigan,  John  M.  Thurston  of  Nebraska, 
and  Governor  Joseph  W.  Fifer.  The  present  officers  of  the  club  are:  Presi- 
deut.HenryM.  Bacon;  first  vice-president,  Frederick  A.  Smith;  second  vice- 
president,  George  P.  Englehard;  third  vice-president,  Jamts  R.  Terhune; 
treasurer,  Ralph  Metcalf;  directors  (five  to  be  elected),  John  P.  Ahrens,  E. 
M.  Ashcroft,  Frank  H.  Barry,  Will  H.  Clark,  George  H.  Harlow,  Thomas 
Hudson,  John  R.  Laing,  J.  B.  Mailers,  Charles  D.  Warren;  members  of 
political  action  committee  (two  to  be  elected),  George  P.  Englehard,  John  H. 
Hamline,  George  H.  Harlow,  James  R.  Terhune. 

Harvard  Club  — Organized  1888.  Club  house  located  at  Sixty-third  and 
Harvard  sts.,  Englewood.  A  social  organization.  It  has  a  large  membership 
and  gives  frequent  receptions  through  the  season. 

Harvard  University  Club.— Composed  of  graduates  of  Harvard  University, 
Cambridge,  Mass.,  resident  in  Chicago.  Moses  J.  Wentworth,  president. 
Meets  at  stated  occasions  in  the  Auditorium  hotel,  holds  an  annual  banquet 
and  entertains  distinguished  officers  and  graduates  of  the  University,  from 
time  to  time.  Many  leading  citizens  of  Chicago  are  members. 

Hyde  Park  Club. — Located  at  Hyde  Park.  Club  house,  corner  of  Wash- 
ington avenue  and  Fifty-first  street.  Has  a  membership  of  about  250. 
Take  Illinois  Central  train,  foot  of  Randolph  or  Van  Buren  street,  or 
Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line.  The  building  is  a  handsorre  one.  Its 
exterior  is  striking  and  the  interior  has  evidently  been  given  the  thought  of 
tasteful  decorators.  It  is  strictly  a  gentleman's  club.  There  are  two  stories 
and  a  basement  devoted  to  club  purposes.  In  the  basement  are  the  gymna- 
sium, bowling  alley,  store  room,  kitchen  and  boiler  room.  On  the  first  floor 
is  a  capacious  foyer,  opening  into  which  are  the  office,  reception  and  reading 
rooms,  connected  by  an  inglenook,  a  billiard  room  with  eight  tables  and  a 
cafe.  The  second  floor  is  reached  by  the  grand  staircase,  which  leads 
through  a  broad  hall  to  the  ball  room  and  art  gallery  adjoining,  all  three  of 
which  can  be  used  for  dancing  on  occasions.  On  this  floor  there  are  also 
fourcosey  card  rooms  and  a  committee  room,  which  can  be  thrown  together 
when  desired.  The  whole  interior  is  finished  in  antique  oak.  The  mantels 
and  even  the  office  desk,  having  been  designed  by  the  architect  of  the  build- 
ing, blend  harmoniously  with  the  treatment  of  the  rest  of  the  woodwork. 
This  beautiful  building  was  dedicated  by  the  club  in  1890.  The  officers  are: 


238  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

president,     Martin    J.    Russell;     vice  president',  W.   R.    Kerr;     secretary, 
Edward  R.  Shaw;  treasurer,  S.  R.  Jenkins;  directors,  Burton  A.  Sewell,  C. 

E.  Woodruff,  E.  H.  Turner,  Robert  Boyd,  Charles  H.  Hunt,  Robert  Stewart, 
C.  A.  Mallory,  W.  D.  Mackey  and  S.  G.  Wilkins. 

Ideal  Club. — A  social  organization;  meets  at  531  and  533  Wells  street. 
Officers:  president,  David  Eichberg;  vice-president,  Simon  Goldsmith;  secre- 
tary, Samuel  J.  Marks;  treasurer,  Adolph  Berg;  directors,  A.  Shakman, 

F.  Griesheimer,  A.  Yondorf,  C.  S.  Bloch,  Jos.  Goodman,  Geo.  Frank,  E.  C. 
Hamburgher,  Jos.  P.  Weinreb. 

Idlewild  Club  of  Evamton. — The  Idlewild  Club  of  Evanston  is  an  organi- 
zation composed  of  the  younger  men  of  the  village.  They  have  commodious 
quarters  on  Davis  street,  known  as  Idlewild  hall,  and  occupy  all  the  second 
story  of  one  and  the  greater  portion  of  another  of  the  larger  business  blocks, 
and  consists  of  the  largest  hall  in  the  village,  together  with  reading  and 
billiard  rooms.  The  special  feature  of  this  club  is  winter  ball,  and  on  the 
occasion  of  league  games  the  hall  is  packed  with  enthusiastic  spectat.ors  all 
whom  contribute  a  liberal  sum  by  the  purchase  of  associate  members'  tickets, 
which  entitles  the  holder  to  witness  all  the  games  played.  The  club  has  thus 
far  this  season  played  19  games  with  Chicago  and  neighboring  teams  and 
has  yet  to  lose  its  first  game.  The  phenomenal  playing  makes  the  home  team 
the  pride  of  the  town  and  they  are  warmly  encouraged  by  the  substantial 
citizens.  The  club  also  gives  numerous  parties  and  social  entertainments 
during  the  winter  season. 

Illinois  Club. — Located  at  154  Ashland  ave..  West  Side.  Take  W.  Madi- 
son street  cable  line.  Organized  in  1878.  First  building  occupied,  401 
Washington  blvd.;  moved  to  Ashland  ave.  and  Madison  St.;  purchased  pres- 
ent quarters  in  1884.  Occupies  a  very  handsome  and  commodious  building, 
fronting  the  most  beautiful  avenue  in  the  West  division  of  the  city.  Object 
of  club,  the  cultivation  and  promotion  of  literature  and  the  fine  arts,  and  of 
social  intercourse.  The  house  contains  kitchens,  dining  rooms,  parlors, 
reception  rooms,  reading  rooms,  billiard  room,  wash  room,  bowling  alley, 
ball  room,  private  rooms,  etc.  Some  very  handsome  pictures  ornament 
its  walls.  It  gives  elegant^  entertainments  during  the  winter  seasons. 
Admission  fee,  $100.  Annual  dues,  $50.  William  ,).  Chalmers,  president 
Fred  S.  James,  vice-president;  J.  F.  Talbot,  secretary;  Charles  C.  Reed, 
treasurer.  The,  following  were  elected  directors  for  three  years:  Willis  G. 
Jackson,  James  P.  Soper  and  A.  C.  Wakeman. 

Indiana  Club. — Located  at  3349  Indiana  ave.  Organized  in  1883.  Take 
Indiana  avenue  car,  via  Wabash  avenue  cable  line.  Occupies  a  very  pleas- 
antclub  house,  a  two  story  brick  building.  On  the  first  floor  are  the  billiard 
and  pool  rooms,  bowling  alley  and  dressing  rooms;  on  the  second  floor  are 
the  parlor,  reception  room,  card  room,  and  a  spacious  dancing  hall.  This  is 
a  family  club,  the  wives  and  children  of  members  being  entitled  to  all  privi- 
leges. Entertainments  are  given  at  intervals  throughout  the  year.  Admis- 
sion fee,  $50.  Annual  dues,  $20. 


"THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  239 

Irish-American  Club. — Organized  May,  1880.  Location  of  club  rooms, 
40  Dearborn  st.  Membership  about  250.  The  fundamental  principle  of  this 
club  is  an  immutable  belief  in  Ireland's  right  to  be  governed  by  and  for  her 
own  people  as  an  independent  nation.  The  objects  of  the  club,  however,  are 
social.  All  men  of  Irish  binh  or  descent,  of  good  reputation,  are  eligible  to 
membership.  Officers:  President,  John  L.  Cooke;  vice  president,  Mark  Mad- 
den; secretary,  James  Conlan,  Jr.;  treasurer,  John  B.  Heaney;  executive 
committee:  M.  J.  Keane,  M.  W.  Kerwin,  P.  Cavanaugh,  M.  S.  Madden. 

Iroquois  Club. — Located  at  1 10  Monroestreet(Columbia  Theatre  Building), 
in  the  business  center  of  the  city.  Organized  October4, 1881.  It  is  a  political 
(Democratic)  and  social  club.  Has  very  handsome  and  spacious  quarters, 
arid  is  provided  with  all  the  comforts  of  modern  club  houses.  It  is  the  lead- 
ing Democratic  political  club  of  *he  city,  and  numbers  among  its  members 
the  most  prominent  partisans  of  the  Jeffersonian  creed.  Its  influence  is  felt 
in  National,  State  and  Municipal  campaigns.  The  Iroquois  Club  entertains 
splendidly,  and  it  was  at  a  reception  given  here  that  Grover  Cleveland  used 
ttie  expression,  "A  public  office  is  a  public  trust."  Membership  about  500. 
Admission  fee  and  annual  dues  reasonable.  Officers,  president,  Adlai  T. 
Ewiug;  vice-presidents — North  Division,  John  Addison,  E.  O.  Brown,  and 
A.  C.Helmhoiz;  South  Division,  O.  S.  Favor,  F.  G.  Hoyne,  and  A.  W.  Wright; 
West  Division,  J.  J.  Byrne,  E.  Carqueville,  and  Malcolm  McDonald,  Jr.; 
recording  secretary,  J.  F.  Learning;  corresponding  secretary,  R.  W.  Mor- 
rison; treasurer,  E.  R.  Cox. 

Irving  Club. — Located  at  Irving  Park,  a  suburb  of  Chicago,  organized 
in  1890.  This  club  has  an  elegant  home.  The  officers  are:  C.  A.  Cook, 
president;  Frank  Crego,  vice-president;  John  I.  Oswald,  secretary;  A.  V. 
Berry,  treasurer;  and  besides  these  four,  John  I.  Monk,  D.  L.  Buzzell,  Phil 
W.  Coyle  and  W.  T.  Orell,  as  a  board  of  directors.  The  Irving  Club 
House  occupies  a  commanding  position,  well  back  in  a  beautiful  stretch  of 
ground  near  the  center  of  the  little  suburb.  The  building  is  of  frame,  with  a 
convenient  height  of  three  stories.  On  the  first  floor  of  the  clubhouse  are  the 
billiard-rooms,  the  gymnasium  and  the  bowling  alley.  The  second  floor  con- 
tains the  club  parlors  and  reception-rooms,  the  directors'  meeting-room  and 
the  library.  On  the  third  floor  is  the  pride  of  the  whole  affair,  a  masonic  lodge- 
room  and  a  hall  for  other  society  meetings.  The  club  house  is  very  neatly 
furnished,  all  of  its  decorations  being  selected  in  extremely  good  taste. 

Ivanhoe  Club. — Located  at  South  Evanston.  Organized,  1891.  Object, 
the  promotion  of  social  intercourse  between  members  and  their  families. 
Officers:  President,  O.  T.  Maxom,  M.  D.;  vice-president,  Evan  H.  Hughes; 
second  vice-president-,  A.  C.  Pinkham;  secretary,  John  E.  Poor;  treasurer, 
Thomas  L.  Fansler.  Directors:  Albert  E.  Jacox,  A.  B.  Beerup,  G.  B.  Tre- 
loar,  Frank  Sherman  and  C.  S.  Redfield. 

John  A.  Logan  Club. — Located  at  466  La  Salle  ave.,  North  Side.  Take 
Clark  or  Wells  street  cable  line.  Organized  February  12,  1888.  A  polit- 
ical (Republican)  and  social  club.  Has  commodious  quarters.  Admission 
fee,  $10;  annual  dues,  $12. 

Kenwood  Club. — Located  at  Forty-seventh  st.  and  Lake  ave.,  Kenwoot 
Take  Illinois  Central  train  at  Randolph  or  Van  Buren  Street  depot.     Organ 
ized  in  1883.     A  social  and  family  club  in  which  the  ladies  and  other  members 
of  the  family  are  entitled  to  privileges.     Occupiesthe  former  residence  of  Nor- 


240  GUIDE  TO   CHICAGO. 

man  B.  Judd,  Esq.,  which  has  been  remodeled  and  enlarged.  The  bowling 
alley,  dining-room  and  kitchen  are  in  the  basement;  on  the  first  floor  are  the 
hall,  office,  reception  and  dancing  hall;  on  the  second  floor  are  the  card 
rooms,  billiard  room,  reading  room,  library,  ladies' and  gentlemen's  dressing 
rooms,  etc.  Admission  fee,  $100;  annual  dues,  $40.  The  officers  are: 
Edwin  F.  Bayley,  president;  William  S.  Seaverns,  vice-president;  Charles  B. 
Vankirk,  second  vice-president;  Harry  B.  Black,  treasurer;  Charles  C.  Whit- 
tiker,  secretary.  The  board  of  directors  is  composed  of  C.  B.  Bouton,  John 
S.  Belden,  William T.  Brown,  Ed.  R.  Woodle,  W.  T.  Whetmore,  T.  S.  Faun- 
tleroy,  J.  Frank  Aldrich  and  F.  H.  McClure. 

Lafayette  Club. — A  social  organization  of  the  South  Side.  This  club 
gives  twelve  dances  each  year,  nine  at  Douglas  Hall  and  three  at  Jackson 
Park  pavilion. 

LaGrange  Club. — Located  at  LaGrange,  a  suburb  of  Chicago.  A  social 
club;  membership  100;  fee  $10,  dues  $20  annually. 

Lakeside  Club. — Located  on  Indiana- avenue  between  Thirty-first  and 
Thirty-second  streets.  Organized  in  1884.  Take  Indianaavenue  car,  via  Wabash 
avenue  cable  line.  O  wns  its  present  home,  a  modern  building  of  brick  and  stone, 
containing  three  stories  and  a  basement.  The  billiard  room,  cafe,  bowling 
alley,  private  supper-rooms  and  dining  room,  capable  of  seating  400  guests, 
are  located  in  the  basement,  on  the  first  floor  are  the  ladies'  and  gentlemen's 
parlors  and  reception  room,  drawing  rooms,  and  an  assembly  and  dancing 
room,  fifty -five  feet  wide  by  one  hundred  feet  long;  in  the  second  story  are  the 
card  rooms  and  gymnasium;  in  the  third  story  are  private  rooms  and  servants' 
apartments.  Admission  fee,  $200;  annual  dues,  $40.  Membership  limited 
to  250. 

La,  Salle  Club. — Located  at  542  Monroe  St.,  West  Side.  Take  West 
Madison  street  cable  line.  Organized  in  1884.  It  is  a  political  (Republican) 
and  social  club.  First  occupied  premises  at  9  Laflin  st. ;  moved  to  28  Warren 
ave.  and  finally  came  into  possession  of  the  former  residence  of  C.  C.  Holton, 
Esq.,  which  has  been  remodeled,  enlarged  and  beautified.  It  is  a  marble 
front,  four  stories  and  basement,  with  a  frontage  of  125  feet,  and  a  depth  of 
95  feet.  An  addition  of  48x125  feet  has  been  made  by  the  club.  The  lunch 
room,  cafe,  cigar  stand,  gymnasium  and  bowling  alley  are  located  m  the 
basement;  on  the  first  floor  are  the  hall,  two  large  parlors,  reading  room  and 
office,  and  billiard  room  with  twelve  tables;  on  the  second  floor  are  eighteen 
card  rooms,  and  the  assembly  hall;  on  the  third  floor  are  private  rooms,  ser- 
vants' quarters,  etc.  Admission  fee,  $50;  annual  dues,  $40. 

Lincoln  Club. — An  organization  of  young  Republicans  of  the  West  Side, 
with  purposes  similar  to  those  of  the  Hamilton  Club  of  the  South  Side  and 
theMarquette  Club  of  the  North  Side.  Officers:  H.  A.  Ingalls,  president;  C. 
A.  Brown,  first  vice-president;  Dr.  II.  M.  Thomas,  second  vice-president;  W. 
W.  Wheelock,  secretary;  H.  S.  Dale,  treasurer;  house  committee,  R.  J.  Bas- 
sett,  L.  D.  Taylor  a.nd  Dr.  Stuart  Johnstone;  entertainment  committee,  E.W. 
North cott,  E.  L.  Hance  and  Grant  W.  Ford;  library  and  publishing  com- 
mittee, O.  N.  Carter,  E.  R.  Edoand  F.  S.  Loomis;  membership,  W.H.  Noble, 
W.  A.  Leonard  and  A.  M.  Rogers;  political  action  committee  G.  E.  Foss,  H. 
JL.  Wheeler,  W.  S.  Holden,  A.  S.  Kimball  and  A.  Wahl. 

Lotus  Social  Club. — Composed  of  the  leading  colored  people  of  the  city. 
Give  social  parties. 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  241 

Marquette  Club. — Location  of  club  house  former  residence  of  the  late 
Hon.  E.  13.  Washburne,  corner  of  Dearborn  ave.  and  Maple  St.,  organized 
1886.  This  handsome  building  has  been  remodeled  and  fitted  up  in  the  most 
approved  style,  making  it  one  of  the  finest  club-houses  in  the  city.  The  ban- 
quet hall  is  worthy  of  a  special  mention.  It  is  the  handsomest  in  Chicago  and 
is  second  only  to  that  of  the  Auditorium  Hotel.  The  Marquette  is  a  club  com- 
posed of  the  leading  republicans  of  the  North  Side.  It  is  a  social  rather  than 
a  political  club,  however.  It  has  a  present  membership  of  three  hundred. 
Many  of  the  republicans  of  the  city,  non-residents  of  the  North  Side,  are  mem- 
bers. Among  its  honorary  members  is  President  Harrison.  The  Hamilton 
Club  of  the  South  Side  and  the  Lincoln  Club  of  the  West  Side,  are  formed  on 
the  same  principal.  The  Marquette  gives  numerous  entertainments  and  re- 
ceptions duiing  the  season.  It  has  from  time  to  time  the  leading  republicans 
of  the  country  as  its  guests  and  its  banquets  are  watched  with  a  great  deal  of 
interest  by  politicians  as  expression  is  frequently  given  to  the  keynotes  of 
political  campaigns  at  these  gatherings.  The  officers  are :  president,  E.  B. 
Gould;  vice-president,  T.  S.  Simpson;  treasurer,  W.  A.  Poulson;  secretary, 
J.  E.  Rodgers;  chairman  political  action  committee,  John  S.  Runnells. 

Minneola  Club. — Officers:  President,  O.  H.  Roche;  .vice-president,  M. 
Hamburger;  secretary  and  treasurer,  James  G.  Deven.  Directors,  O.  H. 
Roche,  J.  G.  Deven,  L.  M.  Hamburger,  Robert  Lindblom,  T.  Bennett,  J.  C. 
Peasley  and  J.  V.  Booth. 

Minnette  Club. — A  West  Side  social  organization  which  gives  receptions 
at  Martine'a  Hall,  55  Ada  St.,  during  the  season. 

Nationalists'  Club. — An  association  of  gentlemen  formed  for  the  purpose 
of  interchanging  ideas  regarding  questions  of  National  interest  and  advo- 
cating reform  in  Legislation  and  Government.  Meets  at  the  Grand  Pacific 
Hotel. 

Newsboys  Club. — Occupies  rooms  one  and  two  in  the  Imperial  Building, 
Mr.  Alfred  J.  Barnes  is  president;  Miss  Mary  Logan  Pearson,  vice-president; 
Miss  Mary  E.  Sands,  secretary;  Mr.  Alexander  Schultz,  treasurer,  and  Mr.  Ford 
Jones,  librarian.  The  club  is  in  a  flourishing  condition.  It  has  a  good  library. 
Well-behaved  newsboys  are  admitted  to  membership. 

North  Shoi-e  Club. — A  family  Club.  Has  entertainments  of  different 
kinds  two  or  three  times  a  week  during  the  winter,  for  the  members,  their 
wives  and  children.  Lawn  tennis,  etc.,  in  the  Summer.  Club  House  and 
grounds  open  to  the  ladies  of  members'  families  at  nil  times. 

Oakland  Club. — Located  at  Ellis  and  Oakland  avenues,  in  building  for- 
merly the  Lake  Side  Skating  Rink.  Take  Cottage  Grove  avenue  cable  line 
or  Illinois  Central  train  at  Randolph  or  Van  Buren  Street  depot  to  Thirty- 
ninth  street,  Oakland  station.  The  building  has  been  remodeled  and  refitted 
for  club  purposes.  It  is  a  large,  two-story  brick  structure,  rather  unique 
from  an  architectural  point  of  view.  On  the  first  floor  are  the  office,  gentle- 
men's and  ladies'  reading  rooms,  promenade  hall,  two  ladies'  parlors,  two 
gentlemen's  sitting  rooms,  billiard  hall  100  feet  long,  two  card  rooms,  kitchen 
and  dancing  hall  100  by  80  feet;  the  second  floor  contains  the  assembly 
room,  private  rooms,  servants'  quarters,  etc.  Strictly  a  family  club.  No 
intoxicating  liquors  or  games  of  chance  allowed  on  the  premises.  Admis- 
sion fee,  $50;  annual  dues,  $30. 


242  GUIDE    TO    CHICAGO. 

Oaks,  of  Austin. — Located  in  their  own  building  at  Austin,  one-half 
mile  west  of  city  limits.  Take  train  at  Wells  street  depot,  Wells  and  Kmzie 
streets.  Has  very  handsome  quarters,  consisting  of  a  reception  hall,  parlors, 
card  and  billiard  rooms,  banquet  hall,  etc.  The  club  has  facilities  for  giving 
amateur  theatrical  performances. 

Park  Club. — Located  corner  57th  street  and  Rosalie  court.  Take  Cottage 
Grove  avenue  cable  line  or  Illinois  Central  train  at  Randolph  or  Van  Buren 
street  to  South  Park  station.  Organized  in  1886.  A  family  club.  Occupies 
a  handsome  building  four  stories  in  height.  In  the  basement  are  the  bowling- 
alleys,  pool  room  and  janitor's  rooms  ;  on  the  first  floor  are  the  ladies'  recep- 
tion, cafe  and  hall ;  on  the  second  floor  are  the  billiard  room,  card  rooms  and 
director's  room  ;  the  upper  floor  is  thrown  into  an^assembly  room,  with 
boudoirs,  etc.  The  club  house  has  splendid  verandas,  which  make  it  a  most 
attractive  resort  in  the  summer.  Admission  fee,  $25,  annual  dues,  $40. 

Phcenix  Club. — Located  at  Thirty-first  street  and  Calumet  avenue.  Take 
Cottage  Grove  avenue  cars.  Composed  of  young  men  of  Hebrew  lineage. 
The  club  rooms  were  secured  for  five  years,  and  $5,000  has  been  expended  in 
remodeling  the  building.  There  are  two  large  parlors,  a  library,  dining- 
rooms,  billiard  haU,  smoking  room  and  all  the  requisites  of  a  first-class  social 
club.  Card  playing  and  auy  form  of  gambling  are  positively  prohibited. 
Officers — Milton  A.  Strauss,  president;  A.  J.  Briersdorf,  vice  president;  D. 
L.  Frank,  secretary;  E.  Lowenstein,  assistant  secretary,  and  L.  A.  Nathan, 
treasurer. 

Practitioner's  Club. — An  association  of  physicians.  Meets  at  the  Palmer 
house.  A  chairman  is  elected  at  every  meeting  and  questions  of  interest  to 
practitioners  are  discussed.  Officers:  President,  William  A.  Amberg;  first 
vice-president,  Z.  P.  Brosseau;  second-vice  president,  Dr.  John  Guerin;  sec- 
retary, Joseph  B.  Cremin;  treasurer,  George  D.  McLaughlin. 

Press  Club  of  Chicago. — Organized  January  15, 1880.  Club  rooms  located 
at  131  Clark  st.  Charter  members — Melville  E.  Stone,  Franc  B.  Wilkie, 
Rodney  Welch,  W.  K.  Sullivan,  T.  C.  MacMillan,  Joseph  R.  Dunlop,  Henry 
F.  Donovan,  W.  B.  Sullivan,  F.  O.  Bennett,  Theodore Gestef eld,  William  T. 
Hall,  John  J.  Flinn,  J.  F.  Ballantyne,  Elwyn  A.  Barren,  W.  T.  Collins, 
James  Maitland,  Platt  Lewis,  Thomas  E.  Burnside,  C.  A.  Snowden,  Law- 
rence Hardy,  W.  P.  Hanscom,  Guy  Magee,  W.  H.  Hicks,  John  E.  Wilkie, 
Sam.  V.  Steele.  The  club  was  organized  for  the  purpose  of  "  bringing  the 
members  of  the  newspaper  profession  together  in  closer  personal  relations,  to 
•levate  the  profession,  to-  further  good  fellowship,  and  to  extend  a  helping 
hand  to  all  members  of  the  organization  who  may  deserve  it."  The  entirelist 
of  presidents  is  as  given  below,  James  W.  Scott  being  the  only  man  ever 
re-elected  to  the  oflice:  1880,  Franc  B.  Wilkie,  of  The  Times;  1881,  W.  K. 
Sullivan,  Journal;  1882,  Samuel  J.  Medill,  Tribune;  I8b3,  W.  E,  Curtis, 
Inter-Ocean;  1884,  James  W.  Bradwell,  Legal  News;  Ib85,  Joseph  R.  Dunlop, 
Inter-Ocean/  1886,  John  F.  Ballantyne,  Morning  News;  1887,  James  W.  Scott, 
Herald;  1888,  James  W.  Scott,  Herald;  1889,  James  W.  Scott,  Herald;  1890, 
Stanley  Waterloo,  Tlte  Times;  1891,  William  A.  Taylor,  Herald;  1892,  John 
E.  Wilkie,  Tribune.  The  officers  for  the  present  year  are:  President  John 
E.  Wilkie;  first  vice-president,  Montgomery  B.  Gibbs;  second  vice-president, 
A.  T.  Packard;  third  vice-president,  H.  E.  O.  Htiutmanu;  recording  secre- 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  243 

tary,  Charles  E.  Banks;  financial  secretary,  Ed.  R.  Pritchard;  treasurer, 
George  Schneider;  librarian,  Fred  H.  Hild;  directors,  Charles  Matthias, 
William  Iglehart,  F.  J.  Schulte,  Wolf  von  Schierbrand,  E.  W.  Pickard.  The 
club  rooms  are  handsomely  fitted  up,  and  are  convenient  to  the  members 
actively  engaged^  in  newspaper  work.  Journalists  visiting  the  city  are 
granted  the  piivilege  of  the  club  on  being  properly  introduced  by  a  member 
in  good  standing.  The  Press  Club  is  at  present  contemplating  the  erection  of 
a  building  in  which  it  may  be  enabled  to  more  suitably  entertain  visitors 
during  the  coming  two  years.  The  membership  is  now  about  250.  Admis- 
sion fee,  $15;  annual  dues  $20. 

Ryder  Club. — A  social  organization,  composed  of  members  of  St.  Paul's 
Unitarian  Church.  Oflicers:  President,  Frank  N.  Gage;  vice-president, 
Frank  Twing;  secretary,  W.  E.  Lamb;  treasurer,  Miss  Annie  Colby ;  Liter- 
ary director,  Frederick  Hill;  dramatic  director,  Byron  Boyden;  Social 
director,  Miss  Mae  Hutchinson. 

Seven  O'Clock  Club. — Conducted  after  the  manner  of  the  Sunset  andother 
clubs  for  the  discussion  of  questions  of  current  interest  and  importance. 
Meets  at  the  Masonic  Hall,  Sixty-third  and  Yale  streets,  and  has  an  annual 
banquet.  Among  the  prominent  members  are  A.  H.  Champlin,  Homer 
Bevans,  O.  T.  Bright,  E.  W.  Adkinson,  C.  S.  Deneen,  Edward  Maher,  John 
Whitely,  W.W.  Smith,  R.  C.  Croft,  E.  E.  Loomis,  A.  J.  Cleave,  G.  H.  Owen, 
C.  W.  Taylor,  W.  S.  Demorest,  H.  A.  Morgan,  F.  L.  Mort,  C.G.  Thompson, 
L.  E.  Noble,  F.  E.  Daughly,  H.  C.  Stebbings,  G.  H.  Findle  and  C.  Alderson. 

Sheridan  Club. — Organized  1889  by  a  few  young  gentlemen  of  the  south 
side.  When  the  membership  had  reached  thirty-five,  the  club  took  quarters 
at  3532  Lake  avenue.  On  May  1,  1890,  the  club  moved  into  a  larger  and  bet- 
ter building  at  35  Michigan  avenue,  its  membership  being  ninety.  Later  on 
$5,000  was  raised  for  the  construction  of  a  new  club  house  on  the  southwest 
corner  of  Michigan  avenue  and  41st  street.  This  building  is  two  stories 
and  a  basement  of  brick  and  brown  stone  with  copper  cornice,  and  fronts  on 
41st  street.  The  outside  dimensions  are  50x130.  In  the  basement  are  the 
bowling  alley,  kitchen,  furnace  room,  coal  room,  etc,  The  fiist  floor  Is 
divided  in  a  hall,  17x20  feet,  with  a  grand  staircase,  from  the  landing  of 
which  extends  a  circular  balcony  for  musicians;  foyer,  24x23  feet,  and  cor- 
ridor, 25x9|  feet,  all  closely  connected  by  wide  archways.  Facing  on  Michi- 
gan avenue  are  the  parlor,  16x20  feet,  and  smoking-room,  21x17  feet,  joined 
by  an  ingle-nook,  14%xlO  feet.  At  the  right  of  the  entrance  is  the  c  ffice, 
and  next  comes  the  cafe,  35x25  feet,  with  a  large  service  pantry  separating  it 
from  the  billiard-room,  42x48.  On  the  south  side  of  the  corridor  are  the 
lavatory  and  wardrobe. 

On  the  second  floor  are  the  directors'  room,  card-rooms,  ladies'  boudoir 
(above  which  are  the  servants'  quarters)  and  an  auditorium,  90x48  feet,  a 
story  and  a  half  high,  to  be  used  for  dramatic  performances  and  dancing. 
A  movable  stage,  16^x40  feet,  is  adjustable  at  the  west  end  of  the  hall, 
while  at  the  east  end  there  is  a  balcony  capable  of  seating  100.  A  striking 
architectural  effect  is  a  row  of  columns  along  the  north  and  south  sides  of 
the  auditorium.  This  room  is  decorated  in  white  and  gold.  The  wood-work 
of  the  house  is  in  oak  and  cherry. 

The  Sheridan  Club  banquet,  given  at  the  Auditorium  January  15  1891, 
iirousrht  the  club  conspicuously  before  the  public,  since  which  time  its  nr?m- 
b.rship  has  increased  rapidly.  Its  "boom"  may  be  said  to  date  from 


244  GUIDE   TO    CHICAGO. 

that  event.  The  club  numbers  among  its  members  some  of  the  wealthiest 
men  of  the  city,  as  well  as  some  of  the  brightest  young  men  in  town.  An 
evening  at  the  Sheridan  leaves  the  impression  that  a  jollier  or  more  hospit- 
able band  of  brothers  would  be  hard  to  find. 

The  officers  of  the  club  are:  President,  John  Julius  Kinsella;  vice- 
president,  Thomas  D.  Walsh;  secretary,  William  A.  Lydon;  treasurer,  Will- 
iam F.  Carroll;  directors,  Thomas  E.  Nelson  and  P.  H.  Keenan.  The  offi- 
cers of  the  auxiliary  association  are:  President,  Michael  Cudahy;  vice- 
president,  A.  Cummings;  secretary,  John  R.  Geary;  treasurer,  T.  F.  Keeley; 
directors,  John  P.  Hopkins,  T.  E.  Nelson,  D.  Corkery,  E.  Hudson,  J. 
O'Malley. 

Single  Tax  Club,  The  Chicago. — Meets  every  Thursday  eve.  at  206  LaSallest. 
President,  W.  W.  Bailey;  secretary,  Frank  W.  Irwin.  Incorporated  under 
the  laws  of  Illinois.  Object,  1st.  To  advocate  Ihe  abolition  of  all  taxes  upon 
industry  and  the  products  of  industry,  and  upon  exchange  through  tariff 
taxation,  and  the  taking  by  taxation  upon  land  values,  irrespective  of 
improvements,  of  the  annua,  rental  value  of  all  those  various  forms  of 
natural  opportunities  embracet  under  the  general  teim,  land.  2d.  To  advo- 
cate the  abolition  of  all  special  privilege  legislation.  3d.  To  advocate  the 
adoption  of  the  Australian  system  of  voting.  Any  person  in  sympathy  with 
the  principals  and  objects  of  the  club  may  become  a  member.  Four  months 
dues  must  be  paid  in  advance.  Regular  dues  twenty-five  cents  per  month. 

South  Side  Medical  Club. — This  club  was  organized  in  1889  upon  the  plan 
of  the  Sunset  club,  and  has  among  its  members  many  of  the  leading  physi- 
cians of  the  South  Side  of  Chicago.  Meetings  are  held  once  a  month  to  dis- 
cuss leading  medical  topics. 

Southern  Society  of  Chicago. — Organized  in  1891.  Location  of  club 
rooms,  425  Home  Insurance  Building.  An  association  of  Southern  born  and 
Southern  bred  gentlemen  for  the  purpose  of  social  intercourse  and  mutual 
benefit.  The  club  or  society  is  organized  on  a  basis  similar  to  that  of  the 
Southern  Society  of  New  York,  and  has  for  its  object,  ultimately,  the  erec- 
tion of  a  down-town  club  house.  Officers:  Gen.  Jno.  C.  Underwood,  presi- 
dent; W.  A.  Alexander,  first  vice-president;  J.  E.  Neiswanger,  second  vice- 
president;  J.  D.  Alsup,  secretary;  A.  O.  Slaughter,  treasurer.  Directors:  T. 
Hamilton  Mclntosh,  D.  A.  Payne,  M.  D.,  George  S.  Norfolk,  T.  V.  Wooten, 
H.  O.  Nourse,  John  T.  Dickinson,  Willoughby  Walling,  M.  D.,  J.  C.  Roath, 
George  O.  Clinch,  John  J.  Flinn,  Thomas  G.  Windes,  Percival  C.  Sneed.  The 
membership  of  this  society  includes  many  of  the  foremost  professional  and 
business  men  of  Chicago,  natives  and  former  residents  of  the  so-called  South- 
ern States.  Politics  are  notallowed  to  enter  into  the  question  of  admission  of 
members  nor  into  discussions  in  the  club  rooms  Among  the  members  are 
many  ex-Confederate  and  Union  soldiers.  One  of  the  principal  objects  of 
this  club  is  to  provide  a  place  where  people  of  southern  affiliation  may  be 
brought  together,  and  where  southern  visitors  to  Chicago  may  be  hospitably 
and  courteously  received.  The  club  gives  frequent  receptions  which  are 
attended  by  ladies. 

Standard  Club. — Located  at  Michigan  ave.  and  Twenty-fourth  st.  Take 
Wabash  ave.  cable  line.  Organized  in  1869.  The  leading  Jewish  club  of  the 
city.  Occupies  one  of  the  mo >t elegant  and  complete  club  houses  in  Chicago. 
In  the  basement  are  the  bowling  alleys,  gymnasium,  etc.;  on  the  first  floor  are 
the  parlors,  library,  cafe,  billiard  room,  etc.;  on  the  second  floor  are  ladies' 


THE    ENCYCLOPEDIA.  245 

parlors  and  retiring  rooms,  and  three  dining  rooms;  on  the  third  floor  is  the 
assembly  and  ball  room,  with  theatrical  appointments.  The  club  is  magnifi- 
cently furnished.  Membership  limited  to  four  hundred  and  nine.  Admis- 
sion fee,  $500;  annual  dues,  $80.  Officers:  President,  Joseph  Spiegel;  vice- 
president,  Jacob  Schnadig;  treasurer,  Oscar  G.  Foreman;  financial  secretary, 
August  Gatzert;  recording  secretary,  N.  Greensfelder.  Directors:  M  Selz,  A. 
Loeb,  H.  Nathan,  H.Elson,  H.  B.  Gimbel,  A.  M.  Snydacker,  M.  Hirsh,  N. 
Florsheim, 0.  R.  Wineman,  N.  J.  Schmaltz. 

Stenographer's  Club. — Officers:— President,  Dan  Brown;  vice-president, 
Nellie  F.  Sargent;  treasurer,  E.  C.  Quimby;  secretary,  Miss  Mary  Arnold;, 
directors,  W.  K.  Bush,  Harry  Piper,  Lillian  Bonner,  Mary  Perry,  Ruth  A. 
Briggs. 

Sunset  Club. — Founded  in  1891  on  the  principles  of  the  Twilight  Club  of 
New  York  and  the  Seven  O'clock  Club  of  Washington.  It  takes  its  motto 
from  Herbert  Spencer's  line:  '•  We  have  had  somewhat  too  much  of  'The  Gos- 
pel of  Work,'  it  is  time  to  preach  '  The  Gospel  of  Relaxation.' "  Meets  every 
Thursday  at  one  of  the  leading  hotels  at  a  quarter  past  six,  at  which  time  a 
dinner  is